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# Duration:120 minutes. Answer all questions. Closed book Calculators may be used.

Schulich School of Engineering University of Calgary ENME 341 Fluid Mechanics Final Exam (April 27, 2010, 12:00-2:00 pm, ICT 121)

## QUESTION 1 (3 Marks each question): Circle the best answer. 1.1 A B C D

A velocity field in a fluid that is incompressible has the following description: This flow satisfies conservation of mass This flow does not satisfy conservation of mass It cannot be determined if it satisfies the conservation of mass None of the above

1.2

The nozzle on a fire hose is connected to the hose via a coupling. When the fire hose is in use with water flowing through it and the hose stationary, the coupling is: A B C D In equilibrium, so there is no force on the coupling. In tension In compression It is not possible to determine without experiments

1.3

Consider the flow exiting from a fire hose nozzle when the nozzle is in use. The pressure in the water at the nozzle exit is: A B C D Above atmospheric pressure Below atmospheric pressure Equal to atmospheric pressure It is not possible to determine the pressure in the water

1.4

Water flows through a pump. The inlet and outlet are at the same elevation. If the flow rate remains the same and the pressure difference between the inlet and outlet increases by three times, the pump power: A B C D Increases by one and a half times Increases by two times Increases by three times Increases by nine times

1.5

Dimensional analysis

A Allows us to apply measurements on one system to another similar system B Applies only to experimental measurements C Depends on whether the Engineering or the SI system of units is used D A and B

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1.6

For flow in a pipe, the Reynolds number is defined as Where V is velocity, r is density, m is viscosity, and D is diameter D. Expressed this way, the Reynolds number can be interpreted as A B C D the ratio of viscous to inertial forces the ratio of inertial to viscous forces the ratio of momentum flux to viscous forces the ratio of kinetic energy to viscous forces

## QUESTION 2 (18 Marks)

Determine the external reactions in the x- and y-directions needed to hold this fixed vane, which turns the oil jet in a horizontal plane. Here V 1 is 18 m/s, V 2 = 17 m/s, and Q = 0.15 m3/s.

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## QUESTION 3 (18 Marks)

A pipe drains a tank as shown. If x = 10 m, y = 1.5 m, and head losses are neglected, what is the pressure at point A and what is the velocity at the exit? Assume = 1.0 at all locations.

The drag on a submarine moving below the free surface is to be determined by a test on a 1/15 scale model in a water tunnel. The velocity of the prototype in sea water = 1015 kg/m3, = 1.4 10-6 m2/s) is 2 m/s. The test is done in pure water at 20C. Determine the speed of the water in the water tunnel for dynamic similitude and the ratio of the drag force on the model to the drag force on the prototype

## QUESTION 4 (18 Marks)

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Points A and B are 1 km apart along a 15 cm new steel pipe. Point B is 20 m higher than A. With a flow from A to B of 0.03 m3/s of crude oil (S = 0.82) at 10C ( = 102 N s/m2), what pressure must be maintained at A if the pressure at B is to be 300 kPa?

## QUESTION 5 (18 Marks)

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Water is pumped at a rate of 25 m3/s from the reservoir and out through the pipe, which has a diameter of 1.50 m. What power must be supplied to the water to effect this discharge?

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