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Bi Ielts Vietnam, Jackie Phuong Tran v 5 ngi khc trong Academic Vocabulary (Cc tp tin)

1. Emission /m()n/
_ (uncountable noun) s bc hi/ to nhit/ pht ra nh sng,... Ex: the emission of greenhouse gases
_ (countable noun) vt cht to ra khng kh. Ex: New regulations are aimed at reducing vehicle emissions.
harmful/noxious/toxic + emission: kh/cht thi c hi
vehicle/industrial + emission
cut/reduce/control/limit/stabilize + emission
emission levels
emission from. Ex: measures to reduce harmful emissions from traffic
=> Emit (v.) = discharge, send out


2. Energy /en(r)di/ (n): ngun nng lng
renewable energy: nng lng c th ti to
atomic/nuclear/solar/wave/wind energy
vast amounts of energy: 1 lng ln nng lng
generate/produce/harness/provide/supply energy.
consume/use energy
conserve/save energy # waste energy
energy production/consumption/use/demand/needs/requirements/supply
energy resources
energy crisis/problem/shortage
a demand for energy and fuel: nhu cu nng lng v nhin liu
energy-saving: tit kim nng lng

3. Pollution /plu()n/ (n): s nhim
air/atmospheric pollution: nhim khng kh
environmental pollution: nhim mi trng
marine/river/water pollution
cause pollution
prevent/combat/tackle/limit/reduce pollution
the cost of pollution: ci gi ca s nhim.
a risk of pollution: nguy c nhim
a source of pollution: ngun gy nhim

4. Phenomenon (n.): hin tng
=> Phenomena (s nhiu)
examine/observe/study/investigate a phenomenon
a natural/supernatural (siu nhin)/scientific phenomenon
a meteorological (thi tit)/cultural/global phenomenon
a widespread/familiar/common phenonmenon

5. Instrument (n): dng c, cng c
an instrument for something. Ex: instrument for cleaning and polishing teeth
a scientific/surgical (phu thut) instrument
=> Synonyms: tool, device, mechanism


6. Method (n): phng php, cch thc
a method OF something. Ex: a method of research, a method of problem solving
a simple/common/usual/unusual/conventional (truyn thng)/traditional/new method
an alternative method : 1 cch khc
payment method: cch tr tin
method involves... Ex: This method involves cutting a very thin slice from the object.
adopt/employs/use/follow a method
develop/devise (sng ch)/change/improve a method

7. Flow (v): chy
flow into... Ex: a stream flowed into the valley

8. Flow (n): dng chy
a ceaseless (khng ngng)/ constant/ continuous/ endless/ free/ uninterrupted/ smooth flow
a(n) natural/easy flow
water/blood/air/river flow
flow of ideas/information/cash (tin mt)/revenue (doanh thu)/ traffic/ immigration
allow/stimulate/enhance/improve a flow of something
keep/maintain/produce a flow of something
control/disrupt/restrict/block/interrupt/stop a flow of something
flow chart/diagram: biu quy trnh
against the flow. Ex: They have to swim against the flow of the river.
changes in the flow: i dng. Ex: the changes in the flow of the immigration from Africa to America.
Go with the flow: ti u th ti hoc ai sao ti vy
In full flow: ni huyn thuyn khng dt

9. diarrhoea (diarrhea) /dairi/ (n): bnh tiu chy
severe diarrhea: bnh tiu chy nng
mild diarrhea: bnh tiu chy nh
acute diarrhea: tiu chy cp tnh
chronic diarrhea: tiu chy mn tnh
intermittent diarrhea: tiu chy tng cn
persistent diarrhea: tiu chy dai dng
have diarrhea/suffer from diarrhea: b tiu chy

10. microscope /makrskop/ (n) : knh hin vi
binocular microscope:knh hin vi hai th kinh
electron microscope: knh hin vi in t
optical microscope:knh hin vi quang hc
Through a/the microscope. Ex: a section of a potato as seen through a microscope
Under a/the microscope. Ex: examining bacteria under the microscope

11. sickness /sk.ns/ (n): bnh - state of being ill
Chronic sickness long sickness long-term sickness: bnh mn tnh
ickness benefit sickness allowance: tin tr cp bnh tt
ickness insurance: bo him bnh tt
ickness rate: t l bnh tt
Sickness absence: vng v b bnh
Due to/ owing to/ through sickness. Ex: The Personnel Department keeps a record of employees absent through sickness.
uffer from sickness: b bnh
Sickness + rise. Ex: The sickness has risen inside him.
A feeling of sickness. Ex: Several workers complained of feelings of sickness and headaches.
12. Nutrient (n): cht dinh dng - a lack of essential nutrients: thiu cht dinh dng thit yu = an insufficient
intake of essential nutrients- nutrient deficiencies: thiu dinh dng - low-nutrient food: thc n c t l cht dinh dng
thp => nutrition: dinh dng - nutrition disorder: bnh thiu dinh dng - malnutrition : dinh dng km
13. Fats: cht bo

14. Proteins: cht m

15. Minerals: cht khong

16. Appetite (n): s thm n - suffer from loss of appetite: b chn n - surpress the appetite: kim nn s thm nEx:
Some drugs can suppress the appetite.

17. Digestion (n): s tiu ho - a weak/poor digestion: tiu ho km # a good digestion - aid digestion: h tr tiu
ho. Ex: Peppermint aids digestion.

18. Allergy (n): s d ng - food allergy: d ng thc n - suffer from allergy to something = to be allergic to
something: b d ng vi ci g

19. Diet (n): ch n ung - a balanced/healthy diet # poor/unhealthy diet - a diet high/rich in something: ch
dinh dng giu cht g - to be on a diet: ang n king - a low-fat diet: ch n king t cht bo

20. Obesity (n): bnh bo ph = having too much body fat - obesity epidemic: s ly lan ca bnh bo phi




D cng vin Tao n ss ah~