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Critical reading skills will be necessary in answering many questions on this exam. Rote memorization of your
homework answers will not help you. You must be able to look at the material presented, understand the meaning
beneath the words, and use your own analytical skills to infer how small details might connect to larger concepts.
Critical thinking and problem solving skills are immensely important in both your academics and in life, and that is
why I emphasize them in this class. In the past, some students who were either lazy, or who did not work hard
enough to develop these skills ended up having great difficulty with critical reading questions for SATs and
University entrance exams. In other cases, there were some students who did work hard, but focused less on
comprehension, and tended to rely more on memorization and regurgitation in order to get good exam scores. Doing
so may have helped them get good test scores at the time, but it did not help them very much afterward. Reasoning
and deduction skills are much more important than your ability to memorize. They will not only help you in the
classroom, but also in your life. Develop these skills now
How can you start? My best advice: Avoid seeking the simple solutions. Use your minds actively. Form your own
opinions about what you are reading (do not rely too heavily on the opinions of others). Do not fear ambiguity. Most
importantly, do not be afraid to take a chance and consider unconventional ideas. In this test, just like in life, you
are on your own. I cannot give you all the answers. No one can. Find them for yourself using your best efforts at
analysis and deduction.
As a teacher, it is my goal to encourage you to think for yourselves, not to have you memorize answers. This was
my primary consideration in developing questions for this exam.
So, let us take a look at what will be covered:


Matching (10 points) Vocab from Lord of the Flies, Chapters 1-4 -You will be given definitions and a word
bank of 25 words from which to select an answer. Watch spelling!

Definitions (18 points) Vocab from Lord of the Flies, Chapters 1-4 -You will be asked to write definitions
for the words specified. You will not be given a word bank in this case, so make sure you can define any word
that I give you. If you can provide a synonym to the word, you will be given full credit as long as it provides a
clear explanation of the words meaning. Be sure to know the parts of speech of the words given.

Sentence Writing (12 points) - Vocab from Lord of the Flies, Chapters 1-4. You will be given a word bank of
20 words and asked to write example sentences. For full credit, make sure that each sentence you write provides
sufficient contextual information to show that you understand the meaning of the words clearly. If necessary,
write more than one sentence. See the example below:

The situation is dire. (This sentence is too simple. The meaning of the word is not clear)

Ever since she lost her job, her living situation has become dire. She does not even have enough money
for food or rent. (This sentence is good. The meaning can be inferred from the context)

Extra credit may be given for sentences using humor or creativity (at my discretion)


Bear in mind: Spark Notes and Cliff Notes may be useful resources that offer helpful insights and hints into the
work you are reading, but they are not an adequate substitute for actually reading the book. Students who have
failed to do the reading in the past have not done well on this portion of the test. The questions are written in
such a way that only someone who has read the book can do well. I expect you to think for yourselves.

Even if I have checked your homework already, please do not assume that your answers are 100%
correct. When checking homework, it is difficult for me to comment on every detail of every students
homework responses. Feedback is given when possible, but due to the volume of papers and assignments,
please be aware that it is not always possible for me to give correction on every problem area.

On the test itself, there are no multiple choice questions. All questions will require written answers and you
may be required to write short essays. Answers will be evaluated on overall completeness, clarity, content, and
grammar. Make sure you give as many details as possible in your answers. In order to get full credit, explain
your ideas as clearly and logically as possible. If you are asked for an opinion, make sure you provide support
for your ideas and give clear examples. If you do not give adequate support to explain your opinions, or if
your ideas or explanations are unclear, points may be deducted.

The remaining test questions will require you to link concepts.

combination of the following articles/readings:

Therefore, they may come from any

(1) Mans Short Life and Foolish Ambition (Poem by Margaret Cavendish)
(2) Natural Born Followers (Article by Mark van Vugt for Psychology Today)
(3) What is Intelligence?/ Theories of Intelligence (Focus only on Spearmans & Gardners theories)
(4) Interview with Howard Gardner (Big Think Video Transcript Video available online)
(5) Interview with Daniel Goleman (Big Think Video Transcript Video available online)
(6) Multiple Intelligences Questionnaire & Descriptions Handout
(7) What is Emotional Intelligence? handout
(8) Animal Languages & Communication/ The Origin of Human Languages handout
(9) One of These Days (Short story by Gabriel Garcia Marquez) Not yet handed out
(10) School bus bullying/ Bullying on the Bus articles
(11) Biography of Benito Mussolini (Supplementary video available online)
(12) Bullying/ Bullying Behavior handout
(13) What is Hegemony?
(14) Neuroplasticity handout

Make sure you can read and understand the above articles. Memorizing key concepts might also be useful;
however, please be aware that you are expected to understand these concepts well enough to apply them.

Be sure to manage your time well. It is not uncommon for students to run out of time on English 2U tests. In
order to ensure that you get the highest point value possible, try not to linger on one question for too long. Keep
an eye on the clock and answer as many questions as you can in the time allotted. Aiming for the questions with
the highest point-values first might be a good strategy.

Note: If you are missing any of these handouts, you are responsible for obtaining your own copies. Some, but
not all, handouts can be found at I do not have any more spare
copies to give, so if you are still unable to locate the required materials, please borrow them from your
classmates and make copies yourself.