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## YISHUN J UNIOR COLLEGE

Mathematics Department

Solution

Examination : J C2 Preliminary Examination Date : 18 Aug 2011
Subject : J C2 H2 Maths Paper No. : 2
Qn Solution
1
( )
1
1
d 0.2d
4
1 1 1
d 0.2
4 4
y x
y y
y x C
y y
=

+ = +

(
(
]
(
(
]
}

( )
2
ln ln 4 0.8 ( 0 4) y y x C y = + < <
0.8
3
4
x
y
C e
y
=

3
0, 3 3 y C x = = =
0.8
3
4
x
y
e
y
=

( )
0.8 0.8
0.8 0.8
0.8
0.8
12 3
1 3 12
12
1 3
x x
x x
x
x
y e ye
y e e
e
y
e
=
+ =
=
+

0.8
0.8 0.8
12 12 12
lim lim lim 4
1 3 3 0 3
x
x x
x x x
e
y
e e

= = = =
+ + +

2(i)
Line AB:
4 1
1 2 ,
2 1

| | | |
| |
= +
| |
| |

\ .
e
\ .
r R
Line CD:
7 2
3 1 ,
13 5

| | | |
| |
= +
| |
| |

\ . \ .
e r R
If they intersect, then , - eR,
4 1 7 2
1 2 3 1
2 1 13 5

| | | | | | | |
| | | |
+ = +
| | | |
| | | |

\ . \ . \ . \ .

4 7 2 2 3
1 2 3 1 2 1 4
2 13 5 5 11

+ = + =

+ = + =

= + =

( )
1 2 3 1 0 1
2 1 4 rref 0 1 2
1 5 11 0 0 0
| | | |
| |
= =
| |
| |

\ . \ .
A A
Unique solution for , . Thus lines intersect.
Page 2 of 8
Qn Solution
(ii)
2 9 1
2
1
1 7
5 5
| | | |
| |
=
| |
|
|
|

\
| |
|

\ . \ . .
|

Equation of plane:
9 4 9
7 1 7
5 2 5
| | | | | |
| | |
=
| | |
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
r

9
7 19
5
| |
|
=
|
|
\ .
r
(iii) Distance of E from plane
2 2 2
3 4 9 9
0 1 7 7
1 2 5 5
81 49 25
9 7 5
9 7 5
3
or 0.241
155 155
AE
( | | | | | | | |
( | | | |

( | | | |
| | | |
(
\ . \ . \ . \ .
= =
+ +
+ +

= =

=Area triangle ABC +Area triangle ACD
( )
1 1
2 2
3 3
1
4 4
2
11 11
9 18
1
7 14
2
5 10
1
81
2
49 25 2 81 49 25
2
1
1 2
5
5
2
1
3
1 5
CD A CA B AC
| | | |
|
= +
| | | | | |
|
| |
= +
|
| |
| |
|

\ . \ .
\ .
| | | | | |
|
| |
= +
|
| |
|
|

|
|
|
|
| |

\ .
\ . \ .
\ .
= + + + + +
=
\ .

3(ai) 2 2
, 0 x y a x a = s s , is the arc of a circle of radius a in the first quadrant.

Hence
2 2 2
0
1
d
4
a
a x x a t =
}
.
a
y
a x
0
Page 3 of 8
Qn Solution
(ii)
( )
2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2
0
0
d d
a
a
a a x
x
x x
a x a x

=

(
(
( (
]
]

2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2 0
0 0
2 1 2
0
2 2
2
d d d
1
sin
4
2 4
4
a a
a
a
x a
x x a x x
a x a x
x
a a
a
a a
a
t
t t
t

=

( | |
=
| (
\ .
=
=
( (
( (
] ]
}

-or-

Using integration by parts:
2 2
2 2
d
d
d
1
d
v x
u x
x
a x
u
v a x
x
= =

= =

2
2 2 2 2
2 2 0
0
0
2
2
d d
0
4
4
a
a
a
x
x x a x a x x
a x
a
a
t
t
(
= +

= +
=
(
(
]
}

(b) d
3 3 5
d
u
x
u x + = =
0
1 2
5
3
x
x u
u
=
=
=
=

( )( )
( )
5
3 3
2
0
3
1
0
4 3
1
0
5 4
1
2 3 5 d
5 1
2 d
3 3
1
( 11 )d
9
1 1 11
9 5 4
1 1 11
9 5 4
59
180
x x x
u
u u
u u u
u u

+
| |
=
|
\ .
=
(
=
(

| |
=
|
\ .
=
(
(
]
}
}

Page 4 of 8
3
t Re(z)
Im(z)
( )
arg 2 2 3i
3
z
t
+ + =
( )
arg 2 2 3i 0 z + + =
( )
2, 2 3
Qn Solution
4(ai)
1
tan 3
3
t

=
( )
arg 2 2 3i
3
2
3
t
t
t
= +
=

(ii)

(iii) Shortest distance =perpendicular distance
Refer to sketch below:

1 2
APWP is a kite with
1 2
AP AP = and
1 2
3 WP WP = = .
( ) 2
1
arg 2 2 3i
2 3 6
w WAP
t t
+ + = Z = =
2
2
3
tan 3 3
6
AP
AP
t
= =
( ) ( )
2 3 3 i 3 2 3 w = + +

(iv)
Largest ( ) arg z w t =

(b)
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
( ) ( )
3 2
2i 2 2i 2i 2 4i 2i 4i
8i 4 2 2i 4i 8 4i
0 (verified)
+ + +
= + + +
=

Applying long division,
( ) ( )
( )( )
3 2
2
2 2i 2 4i 4i
2i 2 2
z z z
z z z
+ + +
= +

2
2 2 0 z z + =
1 i, 1 i z = + (from GC)
Hence the other 2 roots are 1 i
( ) ( )
3 2
4i 2 4i 2 2i 1 0 w w w + + + + =
Re(z)
Im(z)
2 3
2
P
1

W
3
t Re(z)
Im(z)
A P
2

Page 5 of 8
Qn Solution
( ) ( )
3 2
1 1 1
2 2i 2 4i 4i 0
w w w
| | | | | |
+ + + =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .

Hence
1
2i,1 i,1 i
w
= +
1 1 i 1 i
i, ,
2 2 2
w
+
=
5(i)
No of ways = 420
! 3 ! 2
! 7
=
(ii)
No of ways = 120
! 2
! 4
3
5
= C
(iii)
No of ways =
4
2
3! P 72 =
6(a)
P(B) =
40
7
! 2
! 3
8
7
9
2
10
3
= (shown)

P(R) =
2
1
! 2
! 3
8
5
9
6
10
4
=

P(B|R) =
( ) R P
R B P ) (

=
2
1
! 2
! 3
8
3
9
1
10
2
! 3
8
4
9
2
10
1
+
=
60
11

(b)
( ) ( ) ( ) B A P B A P B P + = ' =
5
1
3
1
+ =
15
8

Since A and B are independent,
( ) ( ) ( ) P A B P A P B =
( )
8 1
15 3
P A =
Therefore, ( )
8
5
= A P

Page 6 of 8
70
Qn Solution
7
994125 . 0
80
53 . 79
= = x
2708777057 . 0
80
53 . 79
4621 . 100
79
1
2
2
=
(

= s
Let
0
be the value for the mean mass of the content.
H
0
: =
0
H
1
: <
0

Test statistic: ~
/ n s
X
Z

= N(0,1) by CLT.
At 4% level of significance,
the critical z-value = 1.7507
For H
0
to be rejected,
0
0
0.994125
1.7507 1.10
0.2708777/ 80

< >
Set ={ }
0 0
: , 1.10 > R
H
0
: =1.10
H
1
: >1.10
Under
0
H , the test statistic is
( ) 9 ~
/
t
n s
X
T

=
where n =10 , ( )
2
2
10
0.25 0.069444
9
s = =

Level of significance: 5%
p-value = 0.09186524
Since p-value >0.05, we do not reject H
0
and at 5% level, there is insufficient evidence
that the contents of each packet of cereal have increased.
8(i) Let X be the random variable of the mass of an apple.

2
~ ( ,30 ) X N

70 150
2

+
=
g 110 = (by symmetry)
(ii)
1 2
~ (220,1800) X X N +

( ) 407 . 0 40683185 . 0 230
2 1
~ = > + X X P
(iii) Let W be the random variable of the number of apples (out of 50) which are graded as
large.
~ (50, ( 150)) W B P X >
~ (50,0.09121121) W B
x

150
Page 7 of 8
Qn Solution
Since n=50 large and p=0.0912 small and np =4.5605605 <5
0
~P (4.5605605) W approximately

( ) ( ) 3 1 2 1 0.16688002 P W P W > = s =
=0.83311998 0.833 ~
(iv) Let Y be the random variable of the mass of an orange.

2
~ (190, 24 ) Y N
( )
1 2
0.002 0.0015 0.0015
3
~ 0.2633333,0.000688
X Y Y
C
C N
+ +
=

( 0.25) 0.69438853 0.694 P C > = ~
9(i) Let X be the random variable the number of customers at a post office in a half-hour period
during peak hours
) 5 ( ~Po X
( ) ( ) 238 . 0 6 1 7 ~ s = > X P X P
(ii) Required probability
= ( ) ( ) ( ) 129 . 0
! 2
! 3
7 7 6 ~ > > s X P X P X P
(iii) ( ) 10 | 9
3 2 1 1
= + + > X X X X P
=
( ) ( )
( ) 10
0 , 10 1 , 9
3 2 1
3 2 1 3 2 1
= + +
= + = + = + =
X X X P
X X X P X X X P

=
04861075 . 0
) 0000454 . 0 ( 01813278 . 0 ) 000454 . 0 ( 03626556 . 0 +

=0.0003556372295 000356 . 0 ~
(iv) Let T be the rv of the number of customers at a post office during the peak hours
( ) 15 ~Po T
Since 10 15> = ,
~ (15,15) T N approximately

( ) ( ) 5 . 20 20 > > T P T P (continuity correction)
=0.07779017 0778 . 0 ~
(v) ( ) 15 = T E and ( ) 15 = T Var
Since n =60, by CLT,
15
~ 15,
60
T N
| |
|
\ .
approximately

( )
12 16 0.97724986 0.977 P T < < = ~

Page 8 of 8
Qn Solution
10(a)
Regression line of X on Y :
8 44
9 9
X Y = +
Let regression line of Y on X be Y bX c = +
25
18
9
8
25
16
9
8
2
= = = b b b r
( )
18 18 97
1 4
25 25 25
Y X Y X = = +
Regression line of Y on X
18 97
25 25
Y X = +
(b)(i)
No of J C1 male students: 13 50
1500
390
=
No of J C1 female students: 11 50
1500
340
~
No of J C2 male students: 12 50
1500
360
=
No of J C2 female students:
410
50 14
1500
~
The number of students to be included can be selected from each stratum by using simple
random sampling
(ii) systematic sampling

(c)(i)
(ii) Outlier (13, 15) should be removed
977 . 0 ~ r

(iii) Using regression line y on x,
25 . 5 658 . 5 = x y
1 . 15 067 . 15 25 . 5 658 . 5 80 ~ = = x x

Since the average numbers of hours (x) is clearly the independent variable, the regression
line of y on x should be used.

(5, 28)
(16, 85)
(13, 15)