Sunteți pe pagina 1din 7

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Vishay Semiconductors

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28 Vishay Semiconductors Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection 21842 A 1 6

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection 21842 A 1 6 B C 2 5 C NC

21842

A 1 6 B C 2 5 C NC 3 4 E
A
1
6
B
C
2
5
C
NC
3
4
E

i179004-5

DESCRIPTION

The 4N25 family is an industry standard single channel phototransistor coupler. This family includes the 4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28. Each optocoupler consists of gallium arsenide infrared LED and a silicon NPN phototransistor.

FEATURES

• Isolation test voltage 5000 V RMS

• Interfaces with common logic families

• Input-output coupling capacitance < 0.5 pF

• Industry standard dual-in-line 6 pin package

• Compliant to RoHS directive 2002/95/EC and in accordance to WEEE 2002/96/EC

directive 2002/95/EC and in accordance to WEEE 2002/96/EC APPLICATIONS • AC mains detection • Reed relay

APPLICATIONS

• AC mains detection

• Reed relay driving

• Switch mode power supply feedback

• Telephone ring detection

• Logic ground isolation

• Logic coupling with high frequency noise rejection

AGENCY APPROVALS

• UL1577, file no. E52744

• BSI: EN 60065:2002, EN 60950:2000

• FIMKO: EN 60950, EN 60065, EN 60335

ORDER INFORMATION

PART

REMARKS

4N25

CTR > 20 %, DIP-6

4N26

CTR > 20 %, DIP-6

4N27

CTR > 10 %, DIP-6

4N28

CTR > 10 %, DIP-6

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (1)

 

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

SYMBOL

VALUE

UNIT

INPUT

Reverse voltage

 

V

R

5

V

Forward current

   

I

F

60

mA

Surge current

t

10 μs

I

FSM

3

A

Power dissipation

 

P

diss

100

mW

OUTPUT

Collector emitter breakdown voltage

 

V

CEO

70

V

Emitter base breakdown voltage

 

V

EBO

7

V

Collector current

   

I

C

50

mA

t

1 ms

 

I

C

100

mA

Power dissipation

 

P

diss

150

mW

www.vishay.com

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725

132

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28 Optocoupler, Photot ransistor Output, with Base Connection Vishay Semiconductors ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

Vishay Semiconductors

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (1)

 

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

SYMBOL

VALUE

UNIT

COUPLER

Isolation test voltage

 

V

ISO

5000

V

RMS

Creepage distance

   

7

 

mm

Clearance distance

   

7

 

mm

Isolation thickness between emitter and detector

   

0.4

 

mm

Comparative tracking index

DIN IEC 112/VDE 0303, part 1

 

175

 

Isolation resistance

V IO = 500 V, T amb = 25 °C

R

IO

10

12

 

Ω

V IO = 500 V, T amb = 100 °C

R

IO

10

11

 

Ω

Storage temperature

 

T

stg

- 55 to + 125

 

°C

Operating temperature

 

T

amb

- 55 to + 100

 

°C

Junction temperature

 

T

j

125

 

°C

 

max.10 s dip soldering:

     

Soldering temperature (2)

distance to seating plane 1.5 mm

T

sld

260

 

°C

Notes (1) T amb = 25 °C, unless otherwise specified.

(2)

Stresses in excess of the absolute maximum ratings can cause permanent damage to the device. Functional operation of the device is not implied at these or any other conditions in excess of those given in the operational sections of this document. Exposure to absolute maximum ratings for extended periods of the time can adversely affect reliability. Refer to reflow profile for soldering conditions for surface mounted devices (SMD). Refer to wave profile for soldering condditions for through hole devices (DIP).

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (1)

 

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

PART

SYMBOL

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

UNIT

INPUT

Forward voltage (2)

I F = 50 mA

   

V

F

 

1.3

1.5

V

Reverse current (2)

V R = 3 V

   

I

R

 

0.1

100

μA

Capacitance

V R = 0 V

   

C

O

 

25

 

pF

OUTPUT

Collector base breakdown voltage (2)

I C = 100 μA

 

BV CBO

70

   

V

Collector emitter breakdown voltage (2)

I C = 1 mA

 

BV CEO

30

   

V

Emitter collector breakdown voltage (2)

I E = 100 μA

 

BV ECO

7

   

V

   

4N25

   

5

50

nA

I CEO (dark) (2)

V CE = 10 V, (base open)

4N26

   

5

50

nA

4N27

   

5

50

nA

   

4N28

   

10

100

nA

I CBO (dark) (2)

V CB = 10 V, (emitter open)

     

2

20

nA

Collector emitter capacitance

V CE = 0

   

C

CE

 

6

 

pF

COUPLER

Isolation test voltage (2)

Peak, 60 Hz

   

V

IO

5000

   

V

Saturation voltage, collector emitter

I CE = 2 mA, I F = 50 mA

 

V

CE(sat)

   

0.5

V

Resistance, input output (2)

V IO = 500 V

   

R

IO

100

   

GΩ

Capacitance, input output

f = 1 MHz

   

C

IO

 

0.6

 

pF

Notes (1) T amb = 25 °C, unless otherwise specified. Minimum and maximum values are testing requirements. Typical values are characteristics of the device and are the result of engineering evaluation. Typical values are for information only and are not part of the testing requirements. (2) JEDEC registered values are 2500 V, 1500 V, 1500 V, and 500 V for the 4N25, 4N26, 4N27, and 4N28 respectively.

Document Number: 83725

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

133

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Vishay Semiconductors Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO ( 1 )   PARAMETER

CURRENT TRANSFER RATIO (1)

 

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

PART

SYMBOL

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

UNIT

   

4N25

CTR DC

20

50

 

%

DC current transfer ratio

V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA

4N26

CTR DC

20

50

 

%

4N27

CTR DC

10

30

 

%

   

4N28

CTR DC

10

30

 

%

Note (1) Indicates JEDEC registered values.

 

SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS

 

PARAMETER

TEST CONDITION

SYMBOL

 

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

UNIT

Rise and fall times

V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, R L = 100 Ω

t r , t f

 

2

μs

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS

T amb = 25 °C, unless otherwise specified

1.4 1.3 T A = - 55 °C 1.2 T A = 25 °C 1.1
1.4
1.3
T A = - 55 °C
1.2
T A = 25 °C
1.1
1.0
0.9
T A = 85 °C
0.8
0.7
0.1
1
10
100
V F -Forward Voltage (V)

i4n25_01

I F - Forward Current (mA)

Fig. 1 - Forward Voltage vs. Forward Current

1.5 Normalized to: V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A
1.5
Normalized to:
V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C
CTR CE(sat) = 0.4 V
1.0
T A = 25 °C
0.5
NCTR(SAT)
NCTR
0.0
0
1 10
100
I F - LED Current (mA)
i4n25_02
NCTR - Normalized CTR

Fig. 2 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

1.5 Normalized to: V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A
1.5
Normalized to:
V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C
CTR CE(sat) V CE = 0.4 V
1.0
T A = 50 °C
0.5
NCTR(SAT)
NCTR
0.0
0.1 1
10
100
i4n25_03
I F - LED Current (mA)
N CTR - Normalized CTR

Fig. 3 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

1.5 Normalized to: V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A
1.5
Normalized to:
V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C
CTR CE(sat) V CE = 0.4 V
1.0
T A = 70 °C
0.5
NCTR(SAT)
NCTR
0.0
0.1 1
10
100
I F - LED Current (mA)
i4n25_04
NCTR - Normalized CTR

Fig. 4 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

www.vishay.com

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725

134

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28 Optocoupler, Photot ransistor Output, with Base Connection Vishay Semiconductors 1.5 Normalized

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

Vishay Semiconductors

1.5 Normalized to: V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A
1.5
Normalized to:
V CE = 10 V, I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C
CTR CE(sat) V CE = 0.4 V
1.0
T A = 85 °C
0.5
NCTR(SAT)
NCTR
0.0
0.1
1
10
100
i4n25_05
I F - LED Current (mA)
NCTR - Normalized CTR

Fig. 5 - Normalized Non-Saturated and Saturated CTR vs. LED Current

35 30 25 50 °C 20 70 °C 15 25 °C 85 °C 10 5
35
30
25
50 °C
20
70 °C
15
25 °C
85 °C
10
5
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
I F - LED Current (mA)
i4n25_06
I
CE - Collector Current (mA)

Fig. 6 - Collector Emitter Current vs. Temperature and LED Current

10 5 10 4 10 3 10 2 V CE = 10 V 10 1
10
5
10
4
10
3
10
2
V
CE = 10 V
10
1
Typical
10
0
10 - 1
10 - 2
- 20
0
20
40
60
80
100
I CEO - Collector Emitter (nA)

i4n25_07

T amb - Ambient Temperature (°C)

Fig. 7 - Collector Emitter Leakage Current vs. Temperature

1.5 Normalized to: V CB = 9.3 V, I F = 10 mA, T A
1.5
Normalized to:
V CB = 9.3 V,
I F = 10 mA, T A
= 25 °C
1.0
0.5
25
°C
50
°C
70
°C
0.0
0.1 1
10
100
I F - LED Current (mA)
i4n25_08
NCTR cb - Normalized CTR cb

Fig. 8 - Normalized CTRcb vs. LED Current and Temperature

10 Normalized to: I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C 1 0.
10
Normalized to:
I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C
1
0. 1
Nib, T A = - 20 °C
Nib, T A = 20 °C
Nib, T A = 50 °C
Nib, T A = 70 °C
0.01
0.1 1
10
100
i4n25_09
I F - LED Current (mA)
Normalized Photocurrent

Fig. 9 - Normalized Photocurrent vs. I F and Temperature

1.2 70 °C 1.0 25 °C - 20 °C 0.8 Normalized to: I B =
1.2
70 °C
1.0
25 °C
- 20 °C
0.8
Normalized
to:
I B = 20 µA, V CE = 10 V,
T A = 25 °C
0.6
0.4
1
10
100
1000
i4n25_10
I b - Base Current (µA)
Nh FE - Normalized h FE

Fig. 10 - Normalized Non-Saturated h FE vs. Base Current and Temperature

Document Number: 83725

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

135

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Vishay Semiconductors Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

1.5 Normalized to: 50 °C V CE = 10 T A = 25 V, I
1.5
Normalized to:
50 °C
V CE = 10
T A = 25
V, I b = 20 µA
°C
70 °C
1.0
25 °C
- 20 °C
0.5
V CE = 0.4 V
0.0
1
10
100
1000
I b - Base Current (µA)
i4n25_11
Nh FE(sat) - Normalized Saturated h FE

Fig. 11 - Normalized h FE vs. Base Current and Temperature

1000 2.5 I F = 10 mA, T A = 25 °C V CC =
1000
2.5
I F = 10 mA,
T A = 25 °C
V CC = 5.0 V, V th = 1.5 V
t
PHL
2.0
100
1.5
10
t
PLH
1
1.0
0.1
1
10
100
t
PLH - Propagation Delay (µs)
t
PHL - Propagation Delay (µs)

i4n25_12

R L - Collector Load Resistor (kΩ)

Fig. 12 - Propagation Delay vs. Collector Load Resistor I F t D V O
Fig. 12 - Propagation Delay vs. Collector Load Resistor
I F
t D
V O
t R
t PLH
= 1.5
V
V TH
t S
t F
t PHL

i4n25_13

Fig. 13 - Switching Timing

V CC = 5 V

f = 10 kHz DF = 50 % R L I F = 10 mA
f = 10 kHz
DF = 50 %
R L
I F = 10 mA

i4n25_14

Fig. 14 - Switching Schematic

% R L I F = 10 mA i4n25_14 Fig. 14 - Switching Schematic V O

V O

www.vishay.com

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

Document Number: 83725

136

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28 Optocoupler, Photot ransistor Output, with Base Connection Vishay Semiconductors PACKAGE

4N25, 4N26, 4N27, 4N28

Optocoupler, Phototransistor Output, with Base Connection

Vishay Semiconductors

PACKAGE DIMENSIONS in millimeters

7.62 typ. 7.12 ± 0.3 6.5 ± 0.3 4.5 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.1 0.25
7.62 typ.
7.12 ± 0.3
6.5 ± 0.3
4.5 ± 0.3
0.5 ± 0.1
0.25
1.2 ± 0.1
6
5
4
7.62 to 9.5 typ.
14771_2
1 2
3
3.5 ± 0.3
2.8 ± 0.15
4.5 ± 0.3

PACKAGE MARKING

21764-25

4N25 V YWW 24
4N25
V YWW 24

Document Number: 83725

For technical questions, contact: optocoupleranswers@vishay.com

www.vishay.com

Rev. 1.8, 07-Jan-10

137

Legal Disclaimer Notice www.vishay.com V i s h a y Disclaimer ALL PRODUCT, PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

Legal Disclaimer Notice

www.vishay.com

Vishay

Disclaimer

ALL PRODUCT, PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS AND DATA ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE TO IMPROVE RELIABILITY, FUNCTION OR DESIGN OR OTHERWISE.

Vishay Intertechnology, Inc., its affiliates, agents, and employees, and all persons acting on its or their behalf (collectively, “Vishay”), disclaim any and all liability for any errors, inaccuracies or incompleteness contained in any datasheet or in any other disclosure relating to any product.

Vishay makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of the products for any particular purpose or the continuing production of any product. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Vishay disclaims (i) any and all liability arising out of the application or use of any product, (ii) any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages, and (iii) any and all implied warranties, including warranties of fitness for particular purpose, non-infringement and merchantability.

Statements regarding the suitability of products for certain types of applications are based on Vishay’s knowledge of typical requirements that are often placed on Vishay products in generic applications. Such statements are not binding statements about the suitability of products for a particular application. It is the customer’s responsibility to validate that a particular product with the properties described in the product specification is suitable for use in a particular application. Parameters provided in datasheets and/or specifications may vary in different applications and performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including typical parameters, must be validated for each customer application by the customer’s technical experts. Product specifications do not expand or otherwise modify Vishay’s terms and conditions of purchase, including but not limited to the warranty expressed therein.

Except as expressly indicated in writing, Vishay products are not designed for use in medical, life-saving, or life-sustaining applications or for any other application in which the failure of the Vishay product could result in personal injury or death. Customers using or selling Vishay products not expressly indicated for use in such applications do so at their own risk. Please contact authorized Vishay personnel to obtain written terms and conditions regarding products designed for such applications.

No license, express or implied, by estoppel or otherwise, to any intellectual property rights is granted by this document or by any conduct of Vishay. Product names and markings noted herein may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Material Category Policy

Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. hereby certifies that all its products that are identified as RoHS-Compliant fulfill the definitions and restrictions defined under Directive 2011/65/EU of The European Parliament and of the Council of June 8, 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) - recast, unless otherwise specified as non-compliant.

Please note that some Vishay documentation may still make reference to RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC. We confirm that all the products identified as being compliant to Directive 2002/95/EC conform to Directive 2011/65/EU.

Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. hereby certifies that all its products that are identified as Halogen-Free follow Halogen-Free requirements as per JEDEC JS709A standards. Please note that some Vishay documentation may still make reference to the IEC 61249-2-21 definition. We confirm that all the products identified as being compliant to IEC 61249-2-21 conform to JEDEC JS709A standards.