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IN THIS ISSUE....
Website
For more information on the Evangelical Presbyterian Church,
including details of our various congregations, please visit our
denominational website at www.epcni.org.uk
Policy
The views expressed are those of the editor and contributors
and are understood to refect generally the theological position
of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, unless otherwise stated.
Unsigned articles are by the editor.
Articles
The editor is willing to accept articles for publication on the
understanding that the submission of an article does not
guarantee its publication. Contributors should recognise that
all articles are also liable to editing and alteration without
consultation. No material can be published unless the full name
and postal address of the contributor is supplied. The preferred
method of submission is electronically as a Word document.
Strapline
'Ecclesia reformata semper reformanda est'
the Reformed Church is always reforming
Editor
Gareth Burke
33, Onslow Gardens,
BELFAST,
BT6 0AQ
Phone: 07803 282489
Email: gnburke@yahoo.co.uk
Jesus our Substitute..............................
Focus on Crumlin...................................
The Love of God......................................
Church News...........................................
Building for the Future...........................
The Return of Christ...............................
Origins & Modern Science.....................
Focus on Uganda...................................
Save the Dates........................................
Book Reviews..........................................
Dear Rev...................................................
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Anyone wishing to help the church's work may send their gift to
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Book Reviews
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The Evangelical Presbyterian is published bimonthly by the Presbytery of the Evangelical Presbyterian Church.
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F1RST WORD
have to confess that on the 17th March St Patrick's Day went round to Ravenhill to the
Rugby Schools Cup Final. was frst there in 1967 and while don't go every year, quite often
have joined the large crowd that packs the home of Ulster Rugby for what is normally a very
entertaining game. For many people throughout reland, who normally don't show great interest
in rugby, these past few weeks have been a time of carefully following the national team.
As you know the Six Nations Championship was fnely poised with several outcomes likely until
last Saturday when reland defeated France and claimed the Championship.
One of the notable things about rugby is the extent to which the substitutes or replacements
are used during most games. n football to fnd yourself on the substitutes' bench often means
it is very unlikely that you are going to get a 'run out' during the game. However, in rugby it is
normal for a number of the replacements to be brought on towards the end of the match when
players are showing signs of tiredness or injury.
A substitute takes the place of another player. even saw a rugby match one day in which the
referee pulled a hamstring and was substituted by one of the touch judges! A substitute takes
the place of someone else. The whole idea of 'the substitute' and 'substitution' is one of the key
and central themes of the Bible.
was born into the world as a sinner and deserve to die because of my sin. But 'God so loved
the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish
but have everlasting life' (Jonh3:16). God sent His Son to be our substitute. Jesus took our
place on the cross. He took to Himself at Calvary the wrath and judgement that we deserve.
He died the death that we ought to die. Jesus is our substitute. f we turn from our sin and
trust in Him then we will enter into the blessings of salvation. We will be among those for whom
'there is now no condemnation, for we are in Christ Jesus' (Romans 8:1 )
Philip Bliss summed it up well when he wrote:
'Bearing shame and scoffng rude,
n my place condemned he stood,
Sealed my pardon with his blood:
Hallelujah! What a Saviour!'
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Wednesday 5th April 2014 marked the beginning
of a new chapter in the history of Crumlin EPC with
the ordination and insatallation of Andy Hambleton
taking place in the presence of a large congregation.
We are grateful to the Clerk of Presbytery, Harold
Gibson, for submiting a report of the evening's
proceedings and grateful too to the new minsiter for
agreeing to be interviewed by an inquisitve editor.
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The ordination and installation of Mr. Andy
Hambleton took place on Wednesday 2 April 2014.
Around 250 people gathered at Crumlin Evangelical
Presbyterian Church for the service, which was
conducted by the Moderator of Presbytery, Rev.
Norman Reid. Mr. David Woolsey gave the narrative
of events leading up to the call of Mr. Hambleton.
Following praise, prayer and Scripture readings
the act of ordination and installation took place.
The Clerk of Presbytery, Mr. Harold Gibson, put
the prescribed questions to Mr. Hambleton who
signed the formulae of subscription. Rev. Dr. Andrew
Woolsey led the prayer of ordination as members of
Presbytery laid hands on Mr. Hambleton.
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Rev. Stuart Cashman brought the charge to the new
minister preaching from Colossians 1:24-29.
Rev. Jeff Ballantine, preaching from Numbers 6:22-
27, brought the charge to the congregation.
Following the singing of the closing hymn Rev.
Andy Hambleton led in prayer and pronounced the
benediction. A magnifcent supper served by the
Crumlin ladies was served in the church hall when a
number of speeches were given and presentations
made. Mr. Ernest Bell presented gifts to Mr.
Hambleton and Mr. Ballantine, and Mrs. Violet Bell
and Mrs. Elizabeth Woolsey presented bouquets to
Mrs. Hambleton and Mrs. Ballantine.
Emma Craig handed over a gift to little Sadie.
Following some appropriate comments from
Mr. Hambleton, Dr. Woolsey brought the evening to a
conclusion with prayer.
1. Andy, please share with us a little about your
background - where you grew up, what schools
you went to, home and family life?
was born and raised in the town of Barnsley, South
Yorkshire. have an elder sister, Joy, and an identical
twin brother, Ed. t was a very happy upbringing
indeed; we're a close knit family and we're all
Christians, so have a great deal to be thankful for.
When was growing up my dad was the headmaster
of the local primary school, so we all went to school
there. For secondary school, however, we attended
schools in nearby Wakefeld.

2. How did you come to faith in Christ?
'm thankful to God for placing me in a Christian
home, with parents who love the Lord. Week by
week we attended a small, village Methodist church
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(which my parents still attend to this day). However, it
was only really in my mid teens that started coming
to a true understanding of the gospel, and a living
faith in Jesus. Through a number of key friendships
the truths of the gospel were made clear to me and
saw Jesus and his work in a way hadn't before.

3. You studied at Durham University - what was
your subject?
Yes, had three wonderful years at Durham and at
the end of it got a B.A. in Psychology. They never
told me what the B.A. stood for but 'm pretty sure it
was "Below Average.

4. The Lord called you into full time Christian
work - how did that happen?
Throughout my time at Durham benefted hugely
from forming many close friendships with Christians
who encouraged me. There was also a very strong
Christian Union, both in my college and university
wide. Throughout my time there got more and more
involved in the Christian Union, leading bible studies,
doing one-to-ones and being involved in evangelistic
work. Very quickly it became obvious to me that
Christian ministry of some description, rather than
Psychology, was what felt drawn towards. n my
fnal year at Durham someone encouraged me to
apply to the trainee scheme at Duke Street Church
in Richmond. t seemed like a great opportunity to
spend a year being trained and immersed in church
life, discovering if my inclination towards ministry was
a genuine "internal call.
5. Please share with us about the work of Duke
Street Church, Richmond,and tell us about your
involvement in the life of that congregation.
After graduating moved down to Richmond to start
the trainee scheme at Duke Street. This involved
three roughly equal parts: practical tasks (cleaning,
locking up and such like), training (various courses,
such as Cornhill) and involvement in church
ministries. got involved in a few different things:
a bit of youth work, leading Christianity Explored,
and running a bible study for the homeless in the
area. As was concluding my time as a trainee the
Assistant Minister role at Duke Street was becoming
available, and was thankful for the opportunity to fll
that role for the next four and a half years.
This involved a share of the preaching ministry, as
well as particular responsibility in evangelism and
men's ministry.

6. We know that you are married to Mary and
have been blessed with a daughter, Sadie, but
many of our readers will wonder - how did a girl
form Coagh meet a man from Yorkshire?
Can you enlighten us?
n the same month that moved to Duke Street as a
trainee, Mary moved from Belfast to London in order
to do the Cornhill Training Course. Her placement
church was, happily, Duke Street, and so we met
very early on. After knowing one another for just over
a year we were engaged, and married a few months
later. Sadie joined the party in October 2011. f you
want a more expansive description of our story, you
can ask Mary!

7. You studied at Cornhill and 'remotely' with
Reformed Theological Seminary, USA. We would
love to know a litlle about these courses and
how it worked when you were studying at such a
distance form RTS?
Cornhill is a great course which trains people to
preach and teach the bible in a variety of contexts,
and the course was hugely benefcial to me in those
early years of ministry. The course is now running
in Belfast as well-check out www.cornhillbelfast.org.
Reformed Theological Seminary offer a distance
M.A. which you can complete almost entirely by
distance through the help of your local church.
Studying in such a way certainly has its challenges
and drawbacks, but can't speak highly enough
of RTS and the way that they accommodate their
overseas students. The modules are divided
between systematic theology, biblical studies, church
history and biblical languages.

8. Thank you Andy for sharing all these matters
with us. As you begin your ministry in Crumlin
EPC what are the matters that you would like us
to pray for?
'd appreciate prayer for wisdom as settle into this
new role and look towards the future of the ministry
there. Please pray that would be a godly and faithful
minister, and that as a congregation we would be
united in the gospel, and that we would be motivated
by God's glory and a love for the lost. Pray for
God to do surprising things through the ministry as
people are brought to Christ. And please pray also
for Mary and Sadie, as they adjust to life in a new
congregation. Thanks!
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Whenever we read the letters of the New Testament we are
doing more than reading a remarkably well preserved frst
century letter from Paul, or one of the Apostles; we are reading
a letter that God Himself has written to His children.
n 1 John 3:1-10 we get a favour of what God wants to say to
His children, and if you're a Christian reader, this is written
to you!
My Dear Children,
love you. 'm not ashamed to call you my children. love you
with a love that is out of this world. know that others have
forsaken you, but have set my love upon you and it remains
upon you forever. Others may not believe it, but want you to
believe it with all your heart; have started a work in you and
want you to know that when my Son returns, will make you
perfect. know that already, you want this you want to be
done with sin, you want purity and righteousness and holiness.
t's because of such pursuits that my old enemy, the devil, will
work hard against you. So please remember that when my Son
came the frst time, He fully paid the price for your sin. ndeed
My Firstborn has already destroyed the work of the devil
want you to be confdent of this. Yes, you were once children
of the devil, once you only lived to please your sinful self but
now you are mine. Since put my seed of love into your heart,
everything has changed. Now you have new desires springing
from that seed, and it marks you out as different. You're my
children now and if you're going to bear the family likeness,
you must remember this love you.
Yours faithfully forever,
Your Father in Heaven.
O the privilege of being a child of God!
Does it not set your heart ablaze to
behold the manner of love God has
bestowed upon you!
Christian, you are loved by the true and living God! God's
love for you is immense! His love is intensely personal and
completely overwhelming. t is utterly undeserved, it is pure
grace. While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us! ts
magnitude is so great that it stops us in our tracks we must
stand and stare, we must worship Him and adore Him.
How do you respond to such immeasurable love? Even now
as you read, are you not responding? Even in our everyday
relationships, when someone says " love you, and you're
awestruck by them... do you not want to reciprocate that love
and say, " love you back, or maybe you want to express your
love in some other way but there's a deep desire to express
your love in return.
trust that's how you feel after reading of God's great love to
you in Christ. You want to follow the Saviour, you want to know
God's will and you want to obey it no matter what the cost!
Overwhelmed by the love of God, you cry out in total surrender
"Here am , send me!
n the remainder of 1 John 3 God tells His children just how
they ought to respond to His amazing grace, and perhaps
surprisingly it's not simply to love the Lord God in return...
Rather we are commanded to love one another.
1. The Command of Love
V11 "This is the message, that you heard from the beginning,
that we should love one another. Love is commanded! This
line of thinking is not too prevalent in our time. f you tune in to
Citybeat or CoolFM, you'll hear a lot of love songs, but such
love is always regarded as an emotion or a feeling, even a
compulsion, but never a command.
Love of course does involve our feelings, it involves our very
heart, but God is not commanding you and me to feel a certain
way, He is not commanding that we get all emotionally charged
up. Rather He is commanding that we do something!
He is commanding that we use our minds, our brains, and
make decisions. We are to engage our will and proactively do
our brothers and sisters good. But what does such love look
like? First of all John shows us what it is most defnitely not like.
Not like Cain. John paints a great contrast, between the world
and the Christian, but he makes it more specifc for greater
impact. A contrast between Cain and Christ.
2. The Contrast of Love
Cain hated Abel because of jealousy his own works were evil,
but his brother's works were righteous. 't's not fair,' thought
Cain, 'my sacrifce has not been accepted, but his has.'
But Cain had not done what God commanded.
Cain and Abel had the same knowledge: their father, Adam,
had no doubt instructed them as to what would make an
acceptable sacrifce blood had to be shed. But Cain acted
according to his own knowledge. He thought he knew better:
he brought the fruit of the ground instead, and was rejected.

This was the same mistake that many had made in the church
in Ephesus, those who had left the church they had a higher
knowledge now; they didn't have to obey the commandments
any more. How foolish they were just like Cain, and they
would not be accepted, and because of that had no love for the
church. John says we're not to marvel at the way they treat us.
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Robert Johnston is minister of Knock
congregation in East Belfast. He is married
to Julie and together they are blessed (and
kept busy!) with three young children; Ben
(8), Luke (6) and Sophie (3).
Cain, however, is contrasted with Christ, the One who gives
the commandment to love. n a nutshell Cain took the life
of his brother, but Christ gave his life for His brothers and
sisters. Paul commands the Ephesian husbands in Ephesians
5:25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the
church and gave Himself for her. Here (v16) the apostle John
is saying that that same agape, self-giving love is to be shown
for our fellow brothers and sisters in Christ: "we also ought to
lay down our lives for the brethren.
Such is the complete contrast in our attitude of heart far from
jealousy, we are to be willing to die from one another. For many
Christians in the persecuted church, this is a living reality, and a
very real test. But we too are to have the same attitude towards
our Christian family. Having said that what would such an
attitude look like in everyday life here and now? This brings us
to our third point.
3. The Conduct of Love
CS Lewis said "loving everybody generally can be an excuse
for loving nobody in particular. Verse 16 talks about love for
the brethren, but v17 applies that same truth practically love
a brother. Open your eyes says John do you see a brother in
need? He may be in ndonesia or Nigeria or South Africa. He
may be in Ballyclare or Beragh or Belfast. Then what? Open
your heart to that brother don't shut your heart, don't walk
by on the other side of the road. Be like the Good Samaritan
see, stop, open your heart, love him, care for him.
Open your wallet for him isn't that what the Good Samaritan
did?
Don't just speak about love or write about it; John uses the
phrase in v18 "in word or tongue he includes himself as he
writes. We are to love in deed and in truth. Love is a verb - a
doing word. Love always takes action. t is also "in truth it is
sincere. t comes from an open heart and it ends in a
sincere action.
Sometimes we speak about the love of Christ in such big and
glorious terms that we treat it as something we could never
attain to, something we could never actually do. But John
shows us that the love of Christ in our hearts, often shows itself
in relatively little things, little deeds.
Are you willing to lay down your life for your brother or sister?
That's the big question. But here are some little ones... Are
you encouraging them? Are you giving them supper? Are you
praying for them by name? Are you helping with their rates bill?
These are just little questions and you can think of a thousand
more. They highlight the everyday conduct of true
Christian love.
4. The Consequences of Love
John focuses our attention on the consequences of love for the
brother or sister who is obeying the command. Clearly there are
other consequences for those to whom love is shown they
are helped, encouraged, delivered, provided for.
But for the one who is loving, the one who doing these deeds in
truth, whether they be big or small there are also at least
two consequences.
1. Better Assurance. You know your heart by what is coming
out of it. Not that our hearts are infallible by any stretch, indeed
John says in v20 that they might still condemn us. Your heart
may say, "you haven't loved enough! So John goes on to
remind the believer that God knows your heart better than you
do. But in v21 it is also true that the more we love our brothers
and sisters in the Lord, then the less our heart can condemn
us, and so we will grow in confdence towards God. This gives
rise to the second consequence.
2. Better Communion with God. The more we are assured
before God, then the more time we will actually be before God!
We will have a greater inclination to prayer. And not only that,
but we have a greater boldness in prayer. n v22 John says
that "whatever we ask, we receive from him! We might well
ask how could John have such confdence! But the answer is
quite simple John is keeping God's commands; he is living to
please his heavenly Father.
f your whole life is taken up with obeying our heavenly
Father, and you are always seeking to please him, then you
will inevitably become closer and closer to the Lord. Your
relationship will grow. What does God really want for His
children whom He loves so much? John summarises in v23
"And this is His commandment: that we should believe on
the name of His Son Jesus Christ and love one another, as
He gave us commandment. He commands faith and love,
because when they are evident in the Christian life the sure
consequence is hope.
Our assurance is fortihed when we live
to please our loving heavenly Father.
t is then that we see the fruits of abiding in Christ (v24) He
abides in us by His Spirit.
The fruits of the love of God are truly transforming! magine a
community of God's children who are captivated by the love of
God in Christ Jesus. They really love each other. They stick up
for each other and would even die for each other. n everyday
life they love each other in a myriad of practical ways, and they
pray for each other constantly. They are a community who live
confdently and closely with their Lord.
Does this describe your own congregation? Don't just wish
it does obey the command! Love your church family! And
remember, you'll only be able to do that, when you behold what
manner of love the Father has bestowed on you.
Amen.

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Rev Kevin Bidwell, minister of Shefheld Presbyterian Church (EPCEW) has
kindly submitted the following article which was written by the congregation's
student worker - Ben Wilkerson.
Within the diocese of Sheffeld, there lies a small stone chapel in an area called Attercliffe. Hill Top
Chapel was built in 1629 by English Puritans and Presbyterians. The foundations were laid on July
15th and the chapel was completed around Christmas 1629. Many of the infuential members of that
community sought the license of the bishop in York for the building and it having been granted, they
held the frst services on October 30th 1630. Their frst minister was Stanley Gower who was educated
under the tutelage of Archbishop James Ussher of Armagh, a reformed bishop and the author of the rish
Articles of Faith. Gower served as minister at Hill Top Chapel from 1630-1635 until he was called to the
pastorate at Brampton-Bryan in Herefordshire. From there he was called to be one of the delegates from
that shire to the Westminster Assembly and was involved in the composition of each of the Westminster
Standards. Even after the Great Ejection of 1662, there was a reformed community in the area and an
academy was begun for the training of ministers only minutes away from Hill Top Chapel. The academy
died out after 1714 and many non-conformists moved to Sheffeld. The Church of England congregation
continued to grow over the next two centuries and by 1832 had grown so large that a new parish church
was constructed called Christ Church Attercliffe (it was destroyed in a bombing raid in 1940). Hill Top
Chapel was little used after that and by 1916 all regular Sunday services were discontinued. The church
lay derelict until it was refurbished in 1991 during the Student Olympic Games. The chapel was a
community centre from 2002 to 2010 and then was sometimes used for prayer or special church events.
However, on March 30th 2014, Sheffeld Presbyterian Church began regular worship services at Hill Top
Chapel and once again, reformed worship and gospel preaching has returned to Attercliffe.
Sheffeld Presbyterian Church meets each Sunday at Hill Top Chapel at 10 a.m. for Sunday school, 11
a.m. for Morning Worship, and 5 p.m. for Evening Worship. The chapel is located on Attercliffe Common
just across from the English nstitute of Sport. We are accessible by tram and bus and there is a car park
on the premises as well.
Further directions and information are given on our website: http://sheffeldpres.org.uk.
Please contact our minister, Rev. Dr. Kevin Bidwell, for more information.
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KNOCK REBUILD PROJECT
The Knock EPC building, erected in 1927, is long past its "sell by date, and we have been aware for some time now that the only
realistic option would be to demolish and rebuild. We have been in discussions with architects for some time now, and the fnal, agreed,
plans are based on a rebuild cost of 200,000.
At an early stage in the project, we approached Crumlin Deacons' Board, and were greatly encouraged by their willingness to help us
up to 165,000. We want to place on record our gratitude and indebtedness for their outstanding generosity.
n the Lord's providence, the Knock congregation is stronger than it was when we originally embarked on the building plans, and we
have recently intensifed our drive to encourage contributions from within our own congregation and we have received some notable
gifts. More than half of the outstanding balance has already been raised and we are hopeful that the remainder will be raised in the
time it takes to build (8 months to a year).
God-willing, it will have started by the time you're reading this! While the work takes place we will continue to meet for worship and
prayer as usual using the back hall as our meeting place. Please pray about the project. The building is merely bricks and mortar, but
it is an historic building within the EPC and it holds many memories. ts demolition will mark the end of an era. But we hope and pray
that the erection of a new building will mark the beginning of a new era in the history of Knock EPC, and that we will see our witness
develop in the area of Belfast where God has placed us. And to His Name be all the glory.
f you would like to give towards the building project, cheques can be made to "Knock EPC, and sent to Paul Watson (Treasurer),
14 Glenmillan Park, Belfast, BT4 2JE.
BUILDING FOR THE FUTURE IN OMAGH
The possibility of extending the building in Omagh was frst considered over twelve years ago, but only now have we felt it necessary
to act. The Lord has blessed us in recent years and the congregation is growing, so there is a pressing need for improved facilities.
The proposed plan, which has been passed by the authorities, will give us a refurbished and extended sanctuary, a bright and
welcoming foyer, a sizeable prayer room, modern toilet facilities and a minister's room. There will also be a kitchen, and most
importantly, a hall. t's envisaged that the entire project will take 7-8 months, so whilst the work is being carried out, we are going to
relocate to a local primary school.
The Lord has already begun to provide for our needs, and
we are grateful to God for our friends in Crumlin who have
granted us a sizable donation. But because of a retaining
wall and piling to the depth of 9 meters, our need is still
great, and we believe that a further 100-150,000 is required.
Please pray for us as we step out in faith, and if you feel led
to contribute to this work, donations can be forwarded to Rev.
Andrew J. Lucas, 10 Beechgrove, Omagh, BT79 7EW.
10
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The Return of Christ
Part 9 - 'EverIasting Punishment'
What happens when you die? Is that it - the end - or
does your soul live on? Or, do you think that you might
come back in some other form - reincarnation? As
Christians committed to scripture we believe that man is
immortal. Our souls do not die but continue after death
in either heaven or hell. It is to this dark subject of hell
that we must turn our attention in this article. We would
much rather contemplate the glorious subject of the new
heavens and the new earth but if our consideration of the
return of Christ is to be balanced then we need to rehect
upon everlasting punishment. When Jesus comes,
according to Matthew 25, He will separate the sheep from
the goats and the goats will be told to 'depart into the
everlasting hre prepared for the devil and his angels'.
We consider this dark subject, however, not just because
it is the clear teaching of scripture but also because it is a
signifcant and important truth that is under attack at the
present time. The VP 'New Dictionary of Theology' in
considering this doctrine states the following:
'Whether this (hell) involves eternal conscious torment
(the traditional Christian view) or cessation of existence (as
taught by advocates of conditional immortality) is a matter of
ongoing debate'
Conditional immortality is the teaching that immortality is
God's gift to those who believe in Jesus Christ and beneft
from his saving work. All those who do not believe in Christ
will ultimately be destroyed and cease to exist. But what
does the Bible say? What is hell? n considering this subject
we will focus, almost exclusively, on the teaching of Jesus
Himself. This is deliberate. Jesus is so often presented as
being the One who is full of love and compassion in contrast
to Paul or Calvin or some of those cold reformed theologians!
But note that Jesus Himself clearly taught the doctrine of hell.
The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus in Luke 16: 19 - 31
clearly shows us what hell is like.
It is a pIace of separation from God (verse 26)
There is 'a great gulf fxed' between heaven and hell. Man in
hell is cut off from God. Sometimes people quibble with this
description of hell. s God not everywhere present? So how
can we say that man is totally cut off from God.? Well God is
everywhere and, yes, he is present in hell in the sense that
His presence there is one of total wrath and judgement and
anger. Man in hell is cut off from God in the sense that he is
utterly separated from His benevolence, kindness and grace.
It is a pIace of torment (verse 24)
Sometimes you hear people describing experiences that
they've had in this life as hell. '9/11 was hell'.'Omagh
was hell'. We don't, for a moment, want to play down
the awfulness of these events or minimise the suffering
experienced by those who were directly involved. We are
, and will always be, sympathetic towards those who suffer
through terrorist activity or 'natural disaster'. However
the solemn teaching of scripture is that no experience
through which we pass, no matter how dark or terrible, can
legitimately be described as 'hell'. Hell is indescribable
torment. t is relentless wrath and judgement.
It is a pIace of awfuI company (verse 26)
Notice the words of the Rich Man here. He speaks in the
plural 'between US and you there is a great gulf fxed.'
He is not alone. He is surrounded by others unrepentant
sinners dwelling together in a bond of sin and depravity.
It is a pIace of continuaI sinfuIness
Sometimes when we think of the wicked in hell we have a
tendency to think of them being in a static condition. There
is no change, no alteration to their situation. But Cornelis
Venema suggest that hell is a place of ongoing sinfulness:
He writes:
'When God delivers the impenitent over to hell, he can
be said to give them not only what they deserve but also
what they perversely continue to desire. To live apart
from God and His favour is the epitome of the suffering
of hell. But this is precisely what the impenitent sinner
seeks even in hell, namely, to live without God.'
(C Venema: The Promise of the Future: p 448)
Can we also suggest that hell is not only a place of continual
sinfulness but, tragically, a place of increasing sinfulness?
n Matthew 25: 46 there is a certain parallelism set before
us concerning the wicked and the righteous, concerning
everlasting punishment and eternal life. s it not legitimate
to deduce that just as the saints in glory grow in their
knowledge of God and their appreciation of the new heavens
and the new earth so the godless in hell will sink into deeper
depravity and sin?
It is a pIace from which there is no escape (verse 26)
During the second world war my father was captured in the
North African desert at the Battle of Tobruk in 1942. He
spent the next two years as a prisoner of war. n talking
to him about those years was anxious to discover
how he coped with the captivity, not just physically, but
psychologically. His response was telling: 'We always
believed that we would be set free.' n hell there is no such
reassurance. Hell is forever. There is no exit. No way out.
11
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n our thinking we must never lose sight of the impact
of the Fall of man into sin. This resulted in a changed
creation which had been cursed by God and began
to produce "thorns and thistles (Gen.3:17-18) and
was subject to death and decay (Rom.8:19-22). This
means that the world we live in today is not identical
with the pristine creation by God before sin entered the
cosmos. Great care must therefore be used in 'reading
back' the world of to-day into past history. Fallen man,
the interpreter of the scientifc evidence, has also been
affected by sin. His ability as well as his willingness to
understand the scientifc evidence accurately has been
impaired (Rom.1:18-22). The reliability of scientifc
fndings needs always to be validated carefully and
most current scientifc publications require previous
peer reviews. Despite these the history of science
abounds with serious errors, some of which are still
being used to support the theory of evolution. We will
provide evidence for this in subsequent articles.
341#05&-,6(&' &() 7,1-60,+&' *+,#(+#
When man seeks to deduce how the earth and life
began, using scientifc processes which are observable
today, he is using information which cannot be regarded
as fully representative of life at the beginning of
creation. Before sin entered the world the quality of life
forms was perfect, therefore somewhat different and
better than it is today. The scientifc/genetic evidence is
overwhelming that life forms have been undergoing a
continual process of genetic deterioration and decline.
We must therefore be careful to distinguish between
observational science which observes things as they
happen today and historical science which attempts to
use modern science observations to deduce what might
have happened in the distant past. The latter approach
must also use a signifcant amount of guesswork as
the environmental conditions of past events cannot
be reliably ascertained. The natural processes which
resulted in e.g. fossils are also a matter of scientifc
debate. The guess work employed is always heavily
infuenced by the results which the researcher expects
to fnd. Pre-suppositions are increasingly important
in the debate about origins now that evolution is
86)#0( *+,#(+# &() -"# *-9): 6. 30,2,(1
When we come to study the question of origins we have two main sources of information. We have God's record in the
Bible of what actually happened at the beginning and also the evidence of life forms as they exist today and as fossils
from the past. We call these the books of scripture and of nature. They are both referred to in Psalm 19. We should
expect them to be quite similar, but not identical, if both are read correctly.
regularly presented as a proven fact of science thus
ruling out any creationist explanation. Creationists and
evolutionists all have the same evidence, the same
dinosaur skeletons, the same fossils, the same DNA
and the same radioactive decay elements. The battle is
over interpretation stemming from different worldviews
i.e. beliefs people choose to hold and refuse to change
regardless of the evidence. "The natural man does
not receive the things of the Spirit of God....nor can he
know them (1Cor.2:14). They are foolishness to him. n
reality the problem is a spiritual more than a scientifc
one. Our sin keeps us from seeing what is right before
our eyes in nature. As a result we are totally dependent
upon divine revelation for the correct answers to the
most important questions of life.
Rev. Robert Beckett is minister of the
Crosscollyer Street congregation. For many
years he has been studying the whole
area of Biblical Creation and has lectured
extensively on this vital subject.
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12
!"#$% "' UGANDA
The Editor, along with Andrew Moody, recently spent some ten days in Goli,
Uganda, at a Pastors' Conference. This proved to be an enriching experience
spiritually as did our visit to Jenni Campbell in Addis Ababa on the way home.
Below Andrew Moody gives some details of the visit whilst on the opposite page
Raymond and Jackie Given, who have recently moved to Goli, share with us a little
about their lives and ministry.
We left Belfast City Airport at lunch time on Monday 17th Feb and arrived in
Entebbe airport at 4pm the next day. We then got a taxi from the airport up to Goli
and arrived there by 1.30am! Needless to say that we slept well that night! We
started the pastors' conference at 10am on Wednesday morning and it fnished at
lunch time on Friday. Over 40 pastors attended the conference. Each morning
began with a devotion led by Andrew. Rev. Burke taught a variety of subjects
including Mark's gospel, the life of Joseph and held preaching workshops.
The pastors really enjoyed the teaching and invited Rev. Burke to come again.
During the conference Andrew was able to spend some time in the Christian
Resource Centre dealing with a number of issues that his staff brought to him.
On Saturday we joined a medical team that was going to give a medical check
up to a group of children sponsored by Compassion. Rev. Burke spoke to the
children before the check up. Andrew helped the medical team by dispensing the
medicine the children were prescribed. t was a good experience to see the work of
Compassion frst hand.
On Sunday Rev. Burke preached at both services and in the afternoon we joined the
prison ministry team.
On Monday we took the bus down to Kampala. Before we went to the airport we
met a Korean missionary, Rev. Paul Kim. He had been a Bible College lecturer in
Kampala for several years, but was about to move to South Sudan. He talked to us
about the teaching ministry he planned and told Rev. Burke how Andrew could
help him.
On the way back to UK we stopped in Addis Ababa to visit Jenni Campbell.
Jenni and her fanc, Sam, met us at the airport and took us out for breakfast.
After that Jenni took us to Bingham Academy and we were able to meet some of
her fellow staff and see around the campus. t was great to meet the people Jenni
works with.
t was a very intense, but rewarding trip!
We are planning to return to Uganda at the end of September. Joy has applied
to Rift Valley Academy and has been provisionally accepted to start Grade 6 in
October. Please pray that all the necessary arrangements can be made in time.
13
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Raymond & Jackie Givan
1. Please could you tell us a little
about yourselves - where you
grew up, family backgrounds etc?

We were both born in County Tyrone.
Jackie grew up in Strabane and
attended the local Methodist Church.
lived on a farm between Ballygawley
and Dungannon and went to
Knockonny Baptist Church.
2. How did you become Christians?
Jackie attended the local Christian
Workers Union Hall Good News Club
and one of the leaders, Mrs Stewart,
whose husband owned a jeweller's
shop in Strabane, spoke on the John
3:16 one evening. Jackie put her
own name in the verse where it says
'whosoever' and was convinced that
Jesus loved her and had died for her and gave her heart
to the Lord as her Saviour.
Raymond's parents attended the Old Knockconny Baptist
Church and the evening services were held in Tullyvannon
Mission Hall. The preacher, Pastor J. A. Smyth, was
speaking on Revelation 20:11-15 about the Great White
Throne, the Lamb's Book of Life and the Lake of Fire.
Raymond's imagination began to think about Hell and the
old wood burner in the hall and the intense heat it gave
out and decided if Hell was hotter than it then he would
fee to his Saviour for refuge! A great burden seemed to
lift as he repeated the prayer with the preacher,Come
into my heart Lord Jesus, come in today, come in to stay.
Come into my heart Lord Jesus.
3. Please make a little comment concerning
your family.
We have four daughters: Rachel (31), married with a 7
month old daughter called Ellie and living in Edinburgh.
She works as an Occupational Therapist. Naomi (29), is
a teacher and is getting married in July! Hannah (25), is a
nurse with a 5 month old daughter, Emily. Esther (24) is
completing further training as a hairdresser.
For a few years in the 1990's we worked and lived in
Kenya. Our daughters attended a missionary school called
Rift Valley Academy. Naomi recently spent a year there
again as a teacher.
4. You are now situated at Goli, North Western
Uganda. In what work are you involved?
Our remit is medical work, evangelism and discipleship!
Goli Health Centre has been upgraded to a hospital,
and we are seeking to improve
the level of care provided to the
community. We are also responsible
for fve peripheral clinics up to 50
miles from Goli and visit one every
month. We also perform twice-
yearly examinations on behalf of
Compassion nternational for three
centres of about 300 children in each.
We have been sent from our church,
Ballymena Baptist, under the
agency of BCMS-Crosslinks and are
delighted with the many opportunities
to share the love of Christ on a
personal basis and to teach and
preach.
5. How have you become involved
in mission work and where did you
previously work?
Raymond has always had a heart for mission and
remembers as a child listening to the Macallisters, who
worked in Congo, describe their work. As a child he
promised the Lord if He allowed him to become a doctor
he would give himself as a missionary.
We became interested in Goli when we visited Andrew
and Eunice Moody in 2008 and got invited by the Bishop
to consider working here.
We spent two and a half years working at Kijabe Hospital
in Kenya and in our spare time did evangelism into the
Massai tribe. Many were saved and the churches grew
from 3 to 11. We returned home temporarily in 1998.
Raymond worked in General Practice until our daughters
fnished their education. We have only now been freed up
to return to the feld!
6. Please share with us some matters for prayer.
Thank you for your interest in our work. Remember the
evangelical church in Uganda. t is large but poorly taught.
Also, as we work with patients, that we would be able to
show and to share the Saviour in a loving way. As we
consider means of evangelism, visiting the local prison
or open air work, may we do this in a way which brings
glory to our Lord. Pray for our family: our two youngest
daughters are still not Christians. Pray also for us being
separated from our daughters and especially from our
granddaughters. On a practical level, pray for a suitable
vehicle to purchase.

Please go to the link below for Raymond and Jackie
Givan's latest prayer letter: www.crosslinks.org/mission-
partners/raymond-and-jackie-givan
14
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Two special events:
'Mcc! !hc e!her
in Evangelical Bookshop in May and June:
Darryl Hart will be joining us
on 24th May 2014 where he
will be promoting his new book,
'0z| v|n|sm: H|s!ery.
Pr. 0zr| Irecmzn w||| z|se |c
je|n] es en 11!h 1enc 2011.
These popular events are designed to bring some of
our favouri te authors closer to the reader, and are a
good way of learning more from them in an informal
sc!!|n]. Ihcrc w||| |c z sher! z44rcss, z 08 scss|en
and a book signing and, of course, refreshments!
!"# %&'()#*+,'* -.#/012#.+'( 3456789 :;<=
15
Patrick of Ireland: His Life and Impact RRP: 7-99 Our Price: 5-50
Author: Michael A.G. Haykin
Publisher: Christian Focus Publications
Published: 2014
112 pages
Much has been written about Patrick, and most of what we know of him is the stuff of myths and legends! We have all heard the one about
Patrick's destruction of all the snakes in reland from the peak of Croagh Patrick. Other 'miracles' ascribed to Patrick include being able to pass
through solid doors and producing water with healing properties from rock - just by making the sign of the cross!
n this book Michael Haykin shows us that despite the fact that 'on March 17, Patrick is everywhere a symbol of rishness', he was, and is, so
much more than that. Haykin's myth-busting biography shows Patrick as not so much a mythical or iconic hero of the Emerald sle as a great
man of God, sacrifcing everything in service to his God and a people who had once held him in slavery, but whom he had obediently come to
evangelise.
So, Haykin dispells the inaccuracies of popular folklore. But what does he tell us about Patrick that we didn't already know?
Well, in his account of the early Patrick in the frst chapter of the book, he shows us something of his background. We read about Patrick's
childhood, that he was of fairly high social standing, that he was brought up in the church and that he was familiar with Scripture (although at
this stage he paid it little attention).
We read about Patrick's conversion when he felt the Holy Spirit quickening him in his desire for the things of God, his calling out to God
continually in prayer and his vibrant spiritual life at this time, which he refered to later as 'fervent'.
Haykin then tells us something of Patrick's education showing us that it was likely that he received his theological training in Britain and was
sent by the church in Britain and not the church in Gaul (as some argue).
Haykin also shows us a man who was mightily used by God in the salvation of hundreds, and probably thousands, of rish men and women
during his ministry. Surely such a ministry deserves our attention.
n chapter two, Haykin gives an overview of Patrick's Trinitarianism, showing that the Trinity was at the heart of the Gospel that Patrick
proclaimed in reland. n Patrick we have an example of someone who understood the importance of this doctrine and Haykin clearly shows us
how this impacted his life and ministry.
We are also shown a portrait of a believer who memorised huge chunks of Scripture, giving us a great example of a man who, like the Psalmist,
could say ' have stored up your word in my heart.'
The remaining chapters demonstrate Patrick's mission to reland and his personal piety before some brief, but important, refections on what the
church can learn from Patrick for today.
Unusually for a book of this size, there are references and quotations with accompanying footnotes. There is also an excellent bibliography for
those wishing to explore Patrick's life in greater detail.
The book contains much of Patrick's theology as well as an account of his life, and when important and interesting historical nuggets are added
(as they are throughout), the result is a book that will educate and edify. This is an entry-level book for anyone with an interest in reading church
history for the frst time, but the seasoned historian will also proft from these pages. heartily recommend it!
Colin Campbell
The Ministry of a Messy House RRP: 9-99 Our Price: 7-50
Author: Amanda Robbie
Publisher: VP
Published: 2013
144 pages
"The Ministry of a Messy House could probably have been subtitled "Cleanliness in not actually next to Godliness. Christians aren't perfect
and this is a book full of messy antidotes with chapters entitled "Messy House, "Messy Family and "Messy Kids and as began to read
thought that this book might not be for me. My house isn't a bombsite, don't have children and am not the wife of a minister which means
many of the tips and stories, whilst entertaining, were wasted on me. However, none of us can avoid the guilt that creeps up on us when things
get messy, when we fall short of others' expectations and when we feel like we have let ourselves down. t is here, Amanda Robbie tells us,
where Gods wants us to replace our guilt with His grace. This is the central thread in "The Ministry of a Messy House.
As read through the bite sized chapters warmed to Robbie's informal writing style and found myself laughing out loud at many points. She
takes her life as a wife, and mother and shares it generously with the reader. This is not a self help book that will help us to achieve the perfect
home, family life and church family. This is a witty, Godly woman who writes charmingly about how God has replaced her guilt with grace.
"The Ministry of a Messy House is a light, funny and honest book that is sure to give you a giggle as you are reminded of Gods grace.
Cherith Simpson
16
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urc vcrg gccdll
T/c Rcv'