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Oracle Forms Builder

Oracle Schema Builder

Generate the following two tables :


EmployeeNo - Primary Key, Number, required, constraint

<100, > 500

EmployeeTitle - Var Character of length 5, constraint Mr,

Mrs, etc, default value 'Mrs'

EmployeeName - Var Character of length 30 EmployeeAddress - Var Character of length 30 EmployeeTelephoneNo - Number, optional Salary - Number, constraint >2000, <5000 (Between …) Birthdate - Date, required

(Between 100


(In ‘Miss’, ‘Ms’…)


DepartmentNo - Primary Key, Number DepartmentTitle - Var character length 30 EmployeeNumber - Number

Create relationship between employee number in both tables

Save table

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Insert Into Employee Values (100,’Miss’, ‘Mary Kelly’, ‘Galway’, 5555, 2500, ‘5-Jan-1991’);

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Forms Builder

Record Insert,

Action Save

Query Enter, Query Execute

Query Count Hit

Name field: =Mary Kelly - returns all records where Mary Kelly is the name

Name field: =% S% - returns all records where employee surname begins with S

Salary field: >=2000 - returns all records where salary is greater than or equal to 2000

Generate query to return records for all employees living in Galway or Tuam, :aid=’Tuam’ or :aid=’Galway’

Query/Where used to enter more complex queries, :variable, e.g. :tid = ‘Miss’ and :aid = ‘Galway’

Deleting record from table Record Remove

:bind variable, binding to attribute in table

File : Emp1.fmb or EmpForm1.fmb

Oracle Forms Builder

Form designed by creating / editing objects using various Tools

Layout Editor (F2), Canvas View

Object Navigator (F3) uses icons to indicate object that has properties

Property Palette (F4)

Canvas visual surface on which items placed

Form can be run within Oracle Forms Designer using Run Form icon

Forms stored on local machine as .FMB files (ForM Binary)

Compiled forms stored on local machine as .FMX files (ForM eXecutable)

Tables stored on remote machine, Galvia

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Block of PL/SQL code to customise application

Trigger attached to specific object and executes in response to certain event

Triggers associated with form, item, block, etc

80 different triggers in Oracle

Trigger code may include calls to custom PL/SQL code called Built-Ins, e.g. message, open_form, commit,etc

5 classifications of triggers: Key, On, Post, Pre, When

Possible to utilise ‘Built-In’ procedures, i.e. code already written and tested

250 various built-in’s:

Forms Builtins

Query Builtins

Record Builtins

Application Builtins

Misc Builtins

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Record Built-ins
























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Add nine buttons to navigate through the records:

First, Last, Prev, Next, Insert, Delete and Close

Change Name and Label in properties window for each button

Trigger is When-Button-Pressed

Use following built-ins:

Last_Record; Next_Record, Previous_Record, First_Record, Commit, Close_Form(‘ nameofform’), Enter_Query, Execute_Query

Insert Record code:

declare commit_alert Number;

begin commit_alert:= show_alert('Commit'); if commit_alert = alert_button1 then commit; end if; if commit_alert = alert_button2 then rollback; end if; end;

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Delete Record code:

Declare Delete_Alert Number;

Begin Delete_Alert:= Show_Alert('Delete'); If Delete_Alert = Alert_Button1 Then Delete_Record; Commit; End if; If Delete_Alert = Alert_Button2 Then Rollback; End if; End;

Next Record Code:

Begin Next_Record; If :Employeeno = Null Then message('null data encountered'); message(' '); Previous_Record; Else message('not null'); message(' '); End If; End;

Close Form code:

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Oracle Forms Builder Page 10 of 24

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Need to modify the 'Requirement' value for employee number, we set this requirement in the Schema Builder

Can do this manually by changing the defer_requirement_enforcement property for the Form OR we can change this requirement property by writing a program that calls the Set_Form_Property builtin to change the value of some property of a form…

Create a When-New-Form-Instance trigger at the Form level

Declare Form_Id formModule;


Form_Id := Find_Form(:System.Current_form); Set_Form_Property(Form_Id, Defer_Required_Enforcement, Property_True); message(' Welcome to Developer / 2000'); message(' ');


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Modify the employee form to add a bonus field. If the employee salary is greater than 3000, the employee gets a commission of 10% otherwise the employee gets a bonus of 5%

Post_Change trigger associated with Salary Text Item

Modify Name property for each new item, (i.e. Bonus, Total) Database item property = No Datatype = Number

Display the Salary, Bonus and Total for each record.

Begin Message('Salary value after changing');

If :Salary > 3000 then :Bonus := :Salary * 0.10; Else :Bonus := :Salary * 0.05; End If;

:Total := :Salary +:Bonus;


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Add When-Validate-Item trigger to employee address field so that only values accepted are Galway, Sligo, Mayo, Roscommon and Leitrim.

If a wrong value is entered, the employee address field should turn red

When correct value entered, field will return to white.

Use Set_Item_Property Builtin to modify the Visual_Attribute property of the Employee Address field

Create an alert called Wrong_Address, set the title, message, number of buttons, button labels and default button properties of this alert.

Create 2 new Visual_Attribute objects, one called White_Back and the other called Red_Back

The White_Back will have the background colour set to white. The Red_Back will have the background colour set to red.

Add exception code so that record will not be committed to database until the correct value in entered into the employee address field

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Declare Item_Id Item; Alert_Button Number;

Begin Item_Id:=Find_Item('Employeeaddress'); If Id_Null(Item_Id) Then message('Item not found'); End If;

If lower(:Employeeaddress) not in ('galway','mayo','sligo', 'roscommon', 'leitrim') Then Alert_Button := Show_Alert('Wrong_Address'); Set_Item_Property(Item_Id, Visual_Attribute,'Red_Back'); Raise Form_Trigger_Failure; Else Set_Item_Property(Item_Id, Visual_Attribute,'White_Back'); End If; End;

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Add a command button to the canvas:

Name = Hide_Btn, Label = Hide

Add another command button to the canvas:

Name = Other_Btn, Label = Other

Create a When-Button-Pressed trigger associated with the Hide button.

Set_Item_Property('Other_Btn', Visible, Property_False); Set_Item_Property(‘Last_Btn', Label, 'Final');

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Open the Employee Form

Add a new text item (name = Relocation) and new prompt (= Relocation)

Set the Calculation Mode for this text item = Formula, in the Formula field enter


Go to the Data - > Data Type, make sure it is Number

Get help on Format Mask Field - F1

Go to the Data - > Format Mask and set it to "e"9,999.99

Notice format for output values

Go to Birthdate text item

Go to the Data - > Format Mask and set it to DY DD-MONTH-YYYY BC

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Master Detail Relationship

Using the datablock wizard, create data block for Employee table

In the object Navigator, highlight the data block item and select new – will create another Data Block

Create a second datablock using the Department table, display all fields

Notice extra tab on Data Block Wizard

On Master-detail window, select Create Relationship

Uncheck AUTO-JOIN check box

Foreign key relationship should automatically get displayed.

Run form, place cursor in employee no field and run a query

Include Go_Block built-in as part of When-New-Form- Instance in order to place the cursor in the top block.

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Notice Relations Item created under Datablocks

Look at Delete Record Behavior property

Non-Isolated: Default setting. Prevents deletion of a master record when associated detail records exist in database.

Isolated: Allows master record to be deleted and does not affect associated detail records in database.

Cascading: Allows master record to be deleted and automatically deletes any associated detail records in detail block's base table at commit time.

Include scroll bar on employee layout that will display 5 records at a time.

Run form, place cursor in dept no field and run a query

Include GO_BLOCK built-in as part of When-New-Form- Instance in order to place the cursor in the top block.

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Create a WHEN NEW FORM INSTANCE trigger for the form

Each form runs / executes using same Master Document Interface (MDI)

Concept of individual forms and MDI (common) form

Possible to set title of MDI and individual forms by setting properties directly or by writing a PL/SQL program!!

Set the CASE INSENSITIVE PROPERTY for each data item that may be queried

Oracle Forms Builder

Declare Fm_Id FormModule;

Begin Fm_Id :=Find_Form(:System.Current_Form); Set_Form_Property(Fm_Id,Defer_Required_Enforcement, Property_True); Set_Window_Property(Forms_Mdi_Window,Window_State,Maximize); Set_Window_Property(Forms_Mdi_Window,Title,'MDI Title' ); Set_Window_Property('Window1', Window_State, Maximize); Set_Window_Property('Window1', Title, 'Form Title');


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Possible to generate primary key value automatically

Use Sequence – database object created by user, possible for multiple users to share access to sequence

Sequences stored and generated independently of tables

SQL> Create sequence name Increment by n Start with n Minvalue n Maxvalue n ;

Notice no , between parameters…

SQL> Select Sequence_Name, Min_Value, Last_Number From User_Sequences;

SQL> Alter Sequence name increment by 10;

NextVal, CurrVal

SQL> Select name.NEXTVAL From Dual;

SQL> Select name.CURRVAL From Dual;

SQL> Insert into EMP values (name.Nextval, xxx… );

SQL> Drop Sequence name;

Initial Value for Employee No property set => :Sequence.my_seq.Nextval

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Creating Menu

File -> New -> Menu

Set name property = Menu

Tools -> Menu Editor

Forms Builder Creating Menu File -> New -> Menu Set name property = Menu Tools ->

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