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CalculiX CrunchiX USER’S MANUAL version

2.7

Guido Dhondt March 2, 2014

Contents

1 Introduction.

15

2 How to perform CalculiX calculations in parallel

 

16

3 Units

17

4 Golden rules

19

5 Simple example problems

 

20

5.1 Cantilever beam

 

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20

5.2 Frequency calculation of a beam loaded by compressive fo rces

 

27

5.3 Frequency calculation of a rotating disk on a slender sha ft

 

29

5.4 Thermal calculation of a furnace

 

35

5.5 Seepage under a dam .

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40

5.6 Capacitance of a cylindrical capacitor

 

42

5.7 Hydraulic pipe system

 

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46

5.8 Lid-driven cavity

 

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51

5.9 Transient laminar incompressible Couette problem

 

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5.10 Stationary laminar inviscid compressible airfoil flow

 

56

5.11 Laminar viscous compressible compression corner flow

 

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5.12 Laminar viscous compressible airfoil flow

 

63

5.13 Channel with hydraulic jump

 

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65

5.14 Cantilever beam using beam elements

 

6 8

5.15 Reinforced concrete cantilever beam

 

74

5.16 Wrinkling of a thin sheet

 

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77

6 Theory

79

6.1 Node Types

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80

6.2 Element Types

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80

6.2.1 Eight-node brick element (C3D8 and F3D8)

 

80

6.2.2 C3D8R and F3D8R

 

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82

 

1

2

CONTENTS

6.2.3 Incompatible mode eight-node brick element (C3D8I)

 

83

6.2.4 Twenty-node brick element (C3D20 and F3D20)

 

83

6.2.5 C3D20R and F3D20R

 

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83

6.2.6 C3D20RI

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86

6.2.7 Four-node tetrahedral element (C3D4 and F3D4)

 

8 6

6.2.8 Ten-node tetrahedral element (C3D10 and F3D10)

 

8 6

6.2.9 Six-node wedge element (C3D6 and F3D6)

 

86

6.2.10 Fifteen-node wedge element (C3D15 and F3D15)

 

9 0

6.2.11 Three-node shell element (S3)

 

90

6.2.12 Four-node shell element (S4 and S4R)

 

91

6.2.13 Six-node shell element (S6)

 

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91

6.2.14 Eight-node shell element (S8 and S8R)

 

91

6.2.15 Three-node plane stress element (CPS3)

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6.2.16 Four-node plane stress element (CPS4 and CPS4R)

 

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6.2.17 Six-node plane stress element (CPS6)

 

98

6.2.18 Eight-node plane stress element (CPS8 and CPS8R)

 

98

6.2.19 Three-node plane strain element (CPE3)

 

1 00

6.2.20 Four-node plane strain element (CPE4 and CPE4R)

 

1 00

6.2.21 Six-node plane strain element (CPE6)

 

10 0

6.2.22 Eight-node plane strain element (CPE8 and CPE8R)

 

100

6.2.23 Three-node axisymmetric element (CAX3)

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10 0

6.2.24 Four-node axisymmetric element (CAX4 and CAX4R)

 

1 01

6.2.25 Six-node axisymmetric element (CAX6)

 

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6.2.26 Eight-node axisymmetric element (CAX8 and CAX8R) . 1 01

 

6.2.27 Two-node beam element (B31 and B31R)

 

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6.2.28 Three-node beam element (B32 and B32R)

 

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6.2.29 Three-node network element (D)

 

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6.2.30 Two-node unidirectional gap element (GAPUNI)

 

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6.2.31 Two-node 3-dimensional dashpot (DASHPOTA)

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6.2.32 Two-node 3-dimensional spring (SPRINGA)

 

1 12

6.2.33 One-node coupling element (DCOUP3D)

 

112

6.3

Fluid Section Types: Gases

 

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113

6.3.1 Orifice .

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113

6.3.2 Bleed Tapping

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114

6.3.3 Preswirl Nozzle

 

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115

6.3.4 Straight and Stepped Labyrinth

 

117

6.3.5 Characteristic .

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119

6.3.6 Carbon Seal .

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120

6.3.7 Gas Pipe

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121

6.3.8 Gas Pipe (Fanno)

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123

6.3.9 Restrictor, Long Orifice

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123

6.3.10 Restrictor, Enlargement

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125

6.3.11 Restrictor, Contraction

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126

6.3.12 Restrictor, Bend

 

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127

6.3.13 Restrictor, Wall Orifice

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128

6.3.14 Restrictor, Entrance

 

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130

CONTENTS

3

6.3.15

Restrictor, Exit

 

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130

6.3.16

Restrictor, User

 

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130

6.3.17

Branch, Joint

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131

6.3.18

Branch, Split

 

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134

6.3.19

Cross, Split

 

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138

6.3.20

Vortex

 

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139

6.3.21

M¨ohring .

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142

6.3.22

Change absolute/relative system

 

14 3

6.3.23

In/Out

 

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144

6.4 Fluid Section Types: Liquids

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144

6.4.1 Pipe, Manning

 

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144

6.4.2 Pipe, White-Colebrook

 

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145

6.4.3 Pipe, Sudden Enlargement

 

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6.4.4 Pipe, Sudden Contraction

148

6.4.5 Pipe, Entrance

 

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149

6.4.6 Pipe, Diaphragm

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149

6.4.7 Pipe, Bend

 

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150

6.4.8 Pipe, Gate Valve

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151

6.4.9 Pump

 

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152

6.4.10 In/Out

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153

6.5 Fluid Section Types: Open Channels

 

154

6.5.1 Straight Channel

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154

6.5.2 Sluice Gate

 

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155

6.5.3 Sluice Opening

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156

6.5.4 Weir Crest

 

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157

6.5.5 Weir slope

 

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158

6.5.6 Discontinuous Slope

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159

6.5.7 Discontinuous Opening

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160

6.5.8 Reservoir

 

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160

6.5.9 Contraction .

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161

6.5.10 Enlargement

 

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162

6.5.11 Drop .

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163

6.5.12 Step

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163

6.5.13 In/Out

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164

6.6 Boundary conditions

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164

6.6.1 Single point constraints (SPC)

 

164

6.6.2 Multiple point constraints (MPC)

 

164

6.6.3 Node-to-Face Penalty Contact

 

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6.6.4 Face-to-Face Penalty Contact

 

170

6.7 Materials

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173

6.7.1 Linear elastic materials

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173

6.7.2 Ideal gas for quasi-static calculations

 

173

6.7.3 Hyperelastic and hyperfoam materials

17 4

6.7.4 Deformation plasticity

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175

6.7.5 Incremental (visco)plasticity

 

1 75

4

CONTENTS

 

6.7.7 Fiber reinforced

 

178

6.7.8 The Cailletaud single crystal

 

17 9

6.7.9 Elastic anisotropy with isotropic

 

183

6.7.10 User materials

 

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186

6.8 Types of analysis

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187

6.8.1 Static analysis

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187

6.8.2 Frequency analysis

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188

6.8.3 Complex frequency analysis

 

191

6.8.4 Buckling analysis

 

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192

6.8.5 Modal dynamic analysis

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192

6.8.6 Steady state dynamics

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195

6.8.7 Direct integration dynamic analysis

 

19 7

6.8.8 Heat transfer

 

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197

6.8.9 Acoustics

 

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198

6.8.10 Shallow water motion

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200

6.8.11 Hydrodynamic lubrication

 

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6.8.12 Irrotational incompressible inviscid flow

 

202

6.8.13 Electrostatics

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202

6.8.14 Stationary groundwater flow

 

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6.8.15 Diffusion mass transfer in a stationary medium

 

206

6.8.16 Aerodynamic Networks

 

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207

6.8.17 Hydraulic Networks

 

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