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Egypt and Burundi

and their
Millenium Development Goals

1. Eradicate Extreme
Poverty & Hunger
Reduce the People Living under
$1/per day & People suffering
Burundi: Moderate Progress
According to, Burundi has had a 10% drop in
children under the age of 5 who are moderately or severely
38.9% in 2000 to 28.8% in 2010.

Employed people living below 1$ a day has dropped 10% since
85.3% in 1998 to 75.8% in 2006.
That percentage in 2006 has probably dropped farther since
then, but 2006 was the most recent data.

Percentage of the population that is undernourished has
actually had a steady increase from 1992 to 2012.
44.4% (1992), 62.1% (2001), 67.3% (2012)

Burundi is going in the right direction for the most part,
except for the steady increase in undernourished people.
Despite drops in underweight children and employed people
living below 1$ a day, Burundi has a long way to go. But this
is a step in the right direction!


$1/per day & Hunger Suffering
Population below $1/day:
1991-2008, 4.5% to 1.7%
Poverty gap ratio at $1/day:
1991-2008, 0.6% to 0.4%
Share of poorest quintile in
national income or consumption:
1991-2008, 8.7% to 9.2%
Children under 5 moderately
or severely underweight:
1991-2008, 10.5% to 6.8%
Possible to realize!!!

from & UNFPA Egypt
2. Achieve Universal
Primary Education
Ensure All Boys & Girls Complete
a Fall Course of Primary Schooling

Burundi: Dang Good Progress
Burundis net emrollment in primary education has
risen from 51.7% in 1993, and 57.4% in 2003, to
89.7% in 2007.
That is seriously phenomenal. That 89.7% has most
likely risen in the last 7 years as well.

Burundis literacy rate has improve from 53.6% in 1990
to 88.9% in 2008.

I believe that Burundi WILL achieve universal primary
education by 2015!


Egypt: All Boys and Girls Go to School
Net enrolment ratio in primary education
(both sexes):
1994-2011, 87.5% to 97.8%
Proportion of pupils primary completion
(both sexes):
1997-2011, 89.8% to 98.5%
Literacy rate of 15-24 year-old
(both sexes):
1996-2012, 73.2% to 89.3%
Likely to reach the goal!!!

from & UNFPA Egypt

3. Promote Gender
Equality and Empower
Eliminate Gender Disparity
in Primary & Secondary
Burundi: Real Dang Good Progress
Number of parliament seats being filled by
women jumped from 6% in 1999, to 30.5% in
2013. Holy mackerel!
It appears that women have more of a say in
Burundi, then women in the United States,
who occupy only 17% of the seats in

Compared to Egypt, Burundi seems to be doing
much better at gender equality.
I believe Burundi will achieve gender equality by


Egypt: Cast Out Gender Disparity
Ratio of girls to boys in
primary, secondary & in tertiary education:
0.22 rise from 1990 to 2011
Share of women in wage employment
in the non-agricultural sector:
2.5% drop from 1990 to 2010
Proportion of seats
held by women in nation parliament:
1990-2013, 3.9 to 2.0
Still have some space to progress

from & UNFPA Egypt
4. Reduce Child
Reduce by The
Mortality Rate Among Children
Under 5
Burundi: Fairly Good
Burundis under 5 child mortality rate per 1,000
dropped from 163.9 (1990), to 104.3 (2012).

The infant mortality rate(0-1 year) per 1,000 live
births has dropped from 99.7 (1990) to 66.9 (2012).

Burundi is making good progress in lowering the
mortality rates of infants and children, however
they still have a long way to go until they will reach
an acceptable standard. They are on the right
course though.

They will achieve this goal. Good on ya Burundi.


Egypt: More Kids and Hope
Children under 5 mortality rate (per 1,000)
live births: 85.2 to 21 from 1990-2012

Infant mortality rate (per 1,000) live birth:
62.7 to 17.9 from 1990-2012

Children 1 year old immunized
against measles: 86% to 96%
from 1990-2011
A great achievement going to be seen!!!

from & UNFPA Egypt
5. Improve
Maternal Health
Reduce by The
Maternal Mortality Ratio
Burundi: Fairly Good
Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births has dropped
from 1,100 in 1990 to 800 in 2010. It is good it has
dropped, but that is still a really high number.

The percentage of births assisted by a skilled
professional jumped from 25.2% in 2000 to 60.3% in

These statistics indicate a steady rise in maternal
health! Them Burundians are doing a real bang up
job but they need to keep it up in order to help the
mamas of their country.
I do not believe Burundi will reach acceptable
maternal health by 2015.


Egypt: New Birth
Maternal mortality ratio(per 100,000)
live births:
1990 -2010,
decline from 230.0 to 66.0

Proportion of births attended
by skilled health personnel:
improve from 36.5% to 78.%
Great progression,
goal is likely to reach!!!

from & UNFPA Egypt
6. Combat HIV/AIDS,
Malaria and Other
Halt & Begin to
Reserve The Spread of HIV

Burundi: Pretty dang good work
The percentage of People living with HIV/AIDS,
between the ages of 15-49, has dropped from
5.2% in 1996 to 1.3% in 2011.

I believe Burundi will accomplish this goal.


Egypt: Halt and Reserve the Spread
LOW prevalence of HIV & AIDS,
HIV among pregnant women
& children orphaned by HIV & AIDS
Intravenous drug injections with
non-sterile syringes & low use of condom
Care & Low-cost antiretroviral therapy
Other diseases: Malaria, TB (70%-60% from 2004-05) , Hepatitis C &
Schistosomiasis (14.8%-2.7% from 1990-2000)
Strategies: Raise public awareness
Maintain in LOW prevalnce, goal is possible to realize!!!

from Ministry of Health and Population & UNFPA Egypt
7. Ensure Environmental
Reserve Resource, Reduce by
The Proportion of People Having
No Safe Drinking Water &
Improvement in Lives of at Least 100
Million Slum Dwellers
Burundi: Mediocre progress
Burundis proportion of the population using an
improved drinking water source has only risen
slightly from 69% in 1990 to 74% in 2011.

The proportion of terrestrial and marine areas
protected has also only risen slightly from
3.84% in 1990 to 4.89% in 2012.

I do not believe Burundi will achieve their
sustainability goals.


Egypt: Resources & Drinking Water
Carbon dioxide emissions,
thousand metric tons of CO2:
75944 to 204776 from 1990-2010
Proportion of population using and
improved sanitation facility:
72% to 95% from 1990-2011
Proportion of
urban population living in slum:
50.2% to 13.1% from 1990-2009
Still have space to progress,
with a low and steady pace.

from & UNFPA Egypt
8. Global Partnership
for Development
It is not a direct one-way
responsibility either of
the developed or the
less developed countries alone
Burundi: Not too good.
Internet users, per 100 inhabitants has
only risen slightly from 0.01% in
1997, to 1.2% in 2012.

Overseas Development Assistance recieved as a proportion
of Burundis gross national income was 23% in 1990. It
shot up as high as 39% in 2004, and has since fallen to
24%, still higher than it was in 1990, thus showing no

I do not believe Burundi will accomplish their Global
Partnership goals by 2015.


Egypt: Not ALONE

-Cairo:On International Human Rights &
Volunteer Days, 22 booths set up
by UN Agencies and NGOs and
8 workshops for Egyptian youth
by the UN Millennium Campaign.
Still have long way to go.