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Proiect Masini Electrice II

Autor:Rusu Gabriel
An III ET grupa 3/1

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

TIMISOARA 2007

CUPRINS

I. Tema de proiectare..................................................................................................................................................2
II. Memoriu de prezentare..........................................................................................................................................3
III. Rezultate din MATLAB.......................................................................................................................................4
IV.Caracteristici de functionare;.................................................................................................................................9
V. DESEN DE GABARIT.......................................................................................................................................11
VI.Sectiuni................................................................................................................................................................12
Dimensiuni crestatura statorica ..........................................................................................................................13
Dimensiuni cresatatura rotorica:
..............................................................................................................13
VII.Calcul de incalzire..............................................................................................................................................14
VIII.Bibliografie.......................................................................................................................................................16

I. Tema de proiectare
Sa se proiecteze un motor asincron trifazat cu rotor in colivie in
scurtcircuit , in constructie cu talpa care sa aiba urmatoarele caracteristici:
2

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

- puterea nominala

PN = 22 [kW] ;

- turatia sincrona

n1 = 3000 [rpm] ;

- tensiunea nominala :

UN = 400 [V] ;

- frecventa nominala :

fN = 50 [Hz] ;

- randament nominal :
- factorul de putere

N = 92.8 [%];

cosN = 0.89 ;
IP
= 7.2
IN
MP
= 2.5
MN
MK
= 2.7
MN

- curentul de pornire raportat :


- cuplul de pornire raportat

- cuplul maxim raportat

- conexiune stea ;
- clasa de izolatie F dar cresterea temperaturii va fi corespunzatoare

clasei B;

II. Memoriu de prezentare

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

In urma proiectarii au rezultat urmatoarele caracteristici tehnice:


- randament nominal :
- factorul de putere

N =91.6 [%]
:

cosN = 0,885

- cuplul nominal

MN= 70.028 [Nm];

- curentul nominal

IN= 42.87 [A] ;

- curentul de pornire

- cuplul de pornire

IP=308.16 [A] ;
MP=171.5 [Nm] ;
IP
= 7.18 ;
IN
MP
= 2.449
MN
MK
= 2.609
MN

- curentul de pornire raportat :


- cuplul de pornire raportat

- cuplul maxim raportat

- dimensiune de gabarit

= 160M [mm];

III. Rezultate din MATLAB


% Parameters of Electrical machine
% This is a results file generated by e7_or.m using save_par.m
% Generated at: 19-May-2007 11:38:47
% Rated parameters
Pn=22.000000;
nb=3000.000000;
Vn=400.000000;
m=3.000000;
conex='y';
poles=2.000000;
rpos='i';
%
rwkind='s';

% kW

rated Power
% rpm rated synchronous (base) speed
%V
rated line Voltage
%
Phase number
%
Stator windings connections
%
numbers of poles
rotor position: i -inner rotor, o - outer rotor
%
kind of rotor windings: s - shortcircuit cage

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1


designAs='m';
Vfn=230.940108;
In=42.871731;
fn=50.000000;
Torq=70.028175;
Mmax=182.653902;
nn=2850.519568;
nslip=0.049827;
kslip=0.287496;
rJ=0.153853;
Tmn=0.655793;
Tmk=0.264622;
P1n=24.530665;
etan=0.916837;
cosphin=0.885881
etamax=0.932458;
cosphimax=0.912258
lcpertau=3.000000;
sDeltaT=100.000000;
rDeltaT=140.000000;
BoltHoles =1.000000;
FW = 110.000000;

%
Stator windings
N1=30;
%
ParallelPaths=1;
layers=2;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=3;%
sStep=0.888889;
sb_c=5.033466;
sb=5.000000;
CpS=10.000000;
fws=0.959795;
fchs=0.996993;
fw=0.945214;
sOverhangLength=315.102944;
MLC=974.102944;
sdelcc=0.745840;
selc=22;
sdelc=0.750000;
sdelc_ins=0.832000;
sacu=9.719302;
sacu_ins=11.960772;
sWireBareD =3.517812;
sWireCovD =3.902426;

Design as: m-motor, g-generator


%V
%A
Rated Current
%Hz
Rated frequency
%Nm Rated Torque
%Nm Peak Torque
%rpm Rated speed
%
Rated slip
%
critical slip
%kg*m^2 Inertial moment of rotor
%s
Mechanical time constant (rated tork)
%s
Mechanical time constant (peak torq)
%kW
Rated Electric power
%
Rated efficiency
%
Rated power factor
%
Maximum of efficiency
%
Maximum of power factor
%
length per pole tau (for start design)
%C
Temperature rise in stator winding
%C
Temperature rise in rotor winding
%
Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
%W
Friction and windage loss at full load speed
Turns per stator phase
Stator Slots Per Pole Per Phase
%
Stator coil step
%
Turns per coils in stator windings from calculus
%
Chose turns per coils in stator windings as integer number
%
Conductors per slot in stator
%
Distribution factor for stator winding
%
Shorting factor
%
Stator windings factor
%mm, Stator over hang length
%mm, Length of the mean conductor
%mm, diameter of elementary conductor from calculatin
%
Stator elementary conductor on coil
%mm, it is standard diameter around sdelcc
%mm, diameter of insulated elementary conductor
%
area of stator equivalent conductor
%
area of insulated stator equivalent conductor
%
equivalent diameter of stator wire
%
equivalent diameter of insulated stator wire

%
Rotor windings
rWireBareD=1.140359e+001;
rEndRingCSA =276.760344;
rhRing =24.000000;
fwr =0.956000;

%mm Diameter of rotor bare


%mm^2 End of ring area
%mm radial ring height
%
Winding factor for squirrel-cage motor

% Stator main dimensions


sDo=218.000000;
sDi=139.000000;
sSlots=18.000000;
BoltHoles=1.000000;
lc=659.000000;
lcEff=612.870000;
tauPole=218.340689;
C0=42.217713;
lgMin=0.348136;

%mm, Stator OD
%mm, Stator bore diameter
%
No. of stator slots
%
There are not exactly bolt holes
%mm, Core length
%mm, Effective iron length
%mm, pole pitch
%kVAs/m^3
Machines constant, used for design start
%mm
minimum length of air-gap from calculus

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1


lg=0.400000;

%mm, air-gap length

%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sMs=2.600000;
%mm, Mouth of stator slot
sh4=0.800000;
%mm, height of slot mouth
sW3=18.108571;
%mm, width of top slots
sh3=3.211930;
%mm
sW2=18.108571;
%mm
sh2=0.000000;
%mm
sW1=19.154616;
%
bottom slots width mm
sh1=2.695724;
%mm
sR1=9.577308;
%mm, radius of bottom of stator slot
sht=2.966208;
%mm, distance from bottom circle center to air gap
shOA=16.284962;
%mm, over all slot height
sAlpha=22.500000;
%degrees
sSlotAlpha=0.349066;
%rad, angle between two stator slots
tauSslot=24.260077;
%mm, stator slot pitch at bore
sSlotArea=254.550126;
%mm^2
sSlotWindingArea=248.264630; %mm^2, Slot area need for windings
%
Stator slot insulation
slotInsulThick=0.150000;
slotClosureThick=0.500000;

%mm, Thickness of slot insulation


%mm, Thickness of slot closure (wedge)

%
Rotor main dimension
rSlots=18.000000;
%
Number of rotor slots
rDi=80.000000;
%mm, rotor bore diameter
rDo=138.200000;
%mm, rotor outer diameter
rrJ=57.815974
%mm, rotor inertial radius
%
Rotor slots dimensions
rMs=1.200000;
%mm
rh4=5.514008;
%mm, height of mouth of rotor slot
rh3=0.000000;
%mm
rh1=0.500000;
%mm
rhOA=11.528015;
%mm
rW1=11.028015;
%mm
rW2=11.028015;
%mm
%
Stator magnetic circuit dimensions
sToothTop=7.446873;
%mm, width at tooth root
sToothBot=7.551933;
%mm, width nearest air-gap
sCoreDepth=23.215038;
%mm
Dx=187.046616;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in stator core
%
Rotor magnetic circuit dimensions
rToothTop=12.917902;
%mm, width of root of rotor Tooth
rToothBot=9.068399;
%mm, width of rotor tooth nearest air-gap
Dy=103.429313;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in rotor core
rCoreDepth=17.571985;
%mm
%
Stator weight
WeightIronUsed=227.183064;
%kg, Weight of iron used
WeightStCoreIron=67.910614;
%kg
WeightStTeethIron=10.508699; %kg
WeightStIron=78.419313;
%kg, Weight of stator Iron
WeightStCu=15.218222;
%kg, Copper weight
WeightSt=93.637535;
%kg, Stator weight
%
Rotor weight
WeightRtIron=38.891001;
%kg, Weight of Rotor Iron
WeightCage=7.135637;
%kg, Rotor Copper weight
WeightRt=46.026638;
%kg, Rotor weight

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

WeightM=139.664173;

%kg, Generator weight

%
sR=0.147872;
rR=0.244374;
rm=351.641009;
lh=0.076207;
k_Carter=1.150417;
k_sat=2.723432;
Js=3.955751;
Jr=4.000000;
sSlotFill=0.613415;

Electrical parameter
%Ohm, Stator resistance at 120.000000 grade C
%Ohm, Rotor resistance at 160.000000 grade C
%Ohm, Equivalent iron loss resistance
%H
%
Carter Factor
%
Saturated Factor
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
%A.mm^2 Rotor current density
%
fill factor for stator

%
Bg_max=0.343346;
sBTooth=1.261657;
sBCore=1.267994;
rBTooth=0.884439;
rBCore=1.579266;

Magnetic induction
%T
air-gap magnetic induction
%T
magnetic induction in stator tooth
%T
magnetic induction in stator yoke
%T
magnetic induction in rotor
%T
magnetic induction in rotor yoke

%
Losses
spcu=815.361794;
%W, Stator windings losses
IronLoss=451.604701;
%W, Iron Loss
IronLossCore=391.095508;
%W, Iron Loss
IronLossTeeth=60.509193;
%W, Iron Loss
stLoss=1266.966495;
%W, Stator Loss
rpcu=859.179692;
%W, Rotor windings Loss
pmec=104.519051;
%W, Mechanical loss
%
Rotor mechanical stress
vmax=43.416810;
%m/s Maximum value of periphery speed
sigma_yoke=9.282569;
%N/mm^2 Yoke stress under itself weight
sigma_max=16.391962;
%N/mm^2 Maximum stress in rotor yoke
%
Torkue and power density
Tdn=0.527719;
%Nm/kg Rated torque per kilo
Tdk=1.307808;
%Nm/kg Peak torque per kilo
Pd=0.157521;
%
kW/kg Power per kilo
%This outputs was produced using the next data as input:
%filename m1.m
%input parameter for induction machine design
Pn=22;
nb=3000;
nmax=2*nb;
Vn=400;
m=3;
conex='y';
poles=2;
etaSpec=0.928;
cosPhiSpec=0.89;
rpos='i';
%
rwkind='s';
designAs='m'; %
lg=.4;

%kW, rated Power


%rpm, rated (base) sped
%V,
%
%
%
%
%mm

rated line Votage


%
Phase number
Stator windings conections
%
y for star and d for poligon conection
%
numbers of poles
rated eficiency
rated power factor
rotor position: i -iner rotor, o - outer rotor
kind of rotor windings: s - shortchircuit
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
length of airgap;

%
Stator slots - Primary dimeuwnsions
sSlotShape = ['b'];
% Stator slot shape
sMs=2.6;
sh4=0.8;

%
%

Mouth of stator slot mm.


height of slot mouth mm.

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1


sAlpha=22.5;
%
degrees
sh2=0;
%
in this case as winding fills slot
%Rotor slots - Primary dimensions
%rSlotSkew=27; %
Rotor skew = 1/rSlotSkew of rotor periphery
rSlotShape= ['b'];
%
Rotor slot shape
rMs=1.2;
%
Mouth of rotor slot mm.
rh1=0.5;
%charge of materials
Js=4;
%A/mm^2
Stator current density
Jr=4;
%A/mm^2
Rotor current density
Jendring=4;
%A/mm^2
Current denssity in rotor end ring of rotor cage
elsp=16;
%kA/m
Specificate electric load
sBToothsp=1.4; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator Tooth
sBYokesp=1.3; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator yoke
rBToothsp=1.7; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor Tooth
rBYokesp=1.7; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor yoke
Bagsp=0.4 ;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in air gap
sSlotFills=0.6;%
Specificate stator sllot fill
%******************************--------*************************************
%Secondary data prescriptin
ParallelPaths=1;
lcpertau=3;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=3;
%
Slots per pole per phase
layers=2;
sStep=(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase-1)/(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase); %
Stator coill step
sOvehang_ins=2;
%mm Stator overhang insulated, minimum distance between axe and overhang
delcmax=.75;
%mm Maximum diameter for elementary conductor
in stator
rSlots=18;
sDeltaT =100; %
Temperature rise in stator winding
rDeltaT =140;
%
Temperature rise in rotor winding
BoltHoles = 1; % Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
% = 1 if no bolt holes
% = 1.05 if bolt holes
FW = 5*Pn;
%W Friction and windage loss at full load
% Assumed 0.5% from Pn
M0=30*FW/(pi*nb);
constant;
%
get constant
dk66_65;
%
get magnetc features of lamination
file_results='rusur.m';
trun_file='tm1'; %Files in 'mat' format to save results for diffrent speed and voltage

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

IV.Caracteristici de functionare;

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

10

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

V. DESEN DE GABARIT

11

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

VI.Sectiuni

12

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

Dimensiuni crestatura statorica

Dimensiuni cresatatura rotorica:

13

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

VII.Calcul de incalzire
Partile motorului care se dezvolta caldura sunt:infasurarile pachetul de tole si
lagarele.
Pierderile de putere care apar in motor la functionarea acestuia in regimul nominal
sunt:
- PCu1 = 815.36 ;
- PFe = 451.6 ;
- PAl2 = 859.17 ;
- Pmec = 104.51 ;
Se calculeaza incalzirea carcasei fata de mediul ambiant:
c =

PCu1 + PAl2 + PFe + Pmec 815.36 + 859.17 + 451.6 + 104.51


=
0 (S1 + S 2 )
14,3(1.05 + 0.037)
=

2230.64
= 132.95 [ o C]
13.39

Unde :
W
0 = 14,3 2 ;
m C
2
Do
0.047
S2 =
= 3,14
= 0.037[m 2 ];
4
4
2
D
S1 = o + D o L V K L = 0,037 + 0,975 = 1.05[m 2 ];
4

unde Lv=1.73*B=440 mm

Am ales KL=3,5
Intre suprafata exterioara a pachetului de tole statoric si suprafata interioara a carcasei
se formeaza un interstitiu a = 7,5 10 5 [m] , prin care se transmit pierderile din pachetul
de tole statoric PFe si infasurarea statorica Pcu1;

Incalzirea pachetului de tole statoric fata de carcasa este:


s = As

a
0,000075
= 2808.6
= 8.42[ o C ]
a
0,025
14

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

Unde:
As =

Pcu1 + PFe 815.36 + 451.6


W
=
= 2808.6 2
Se
0,45
m

[ ]

S e = De1 l1 = 3,14 0,218 0,659 = 0,45 m 2

W
a = 0,025 o conductibilitatea aerului in straturi subtiri
m C

Incalzirea pachetului de tole statoric fata de mediul ambiant este:


fe = s + c = 8.42 + 132.95 = 141.37[ o C]

Avem :

i
0,00025
= 1916.52
= 4,79[ o C ];
i
0,1
unde A i = densitatea fluxului caloric prin suprafata crestaturilor, are expresia :
P
W
A i = Cu' 1 = 815.36 / 0.425 = 1916.52 2 ;
S cr
m

i = Ai

i = 0,25 10 3 [ m ] grosimea izolatiei;

W
i = 0,1 o conductibilitatea termica a izolatiei;
m C

S 'cr = Pcr Lc N 1 = ( 2 sh1 + sw1 ) Lc N 1 = ( 2 0,0029 + 0,01915)0,659 18 = 0,425[ m 2 ]


2
2

Incalzirea infasurarii statorului fata de mediul ambiant:


cu = i + fe = 4,79 + 141.37 = 146.16[ o C]

Acest motor are nevoie de o racire suplimentara cu ventilator fixat pe arbore;


Daca incalzirea motorului este suflata de aerul de racire(functionarea motorului cu
ventilator), calculul anterior se va corecta astfel:
Deoarece suprafata S1 este suflata cu aer , in aceasta zona apare o imbunatatire
a transmisiei de caldura.Viteza aerului se apreciaza la V=6-18 m/s, corespunzator
turatiilor de 750-3000 rpm.Coeficientul de transmisie a caldurii pe partea suflata este:
W
v = 14,3(1 + 1,3 V ) = 93,17 2 o ;
m C

am ales v=18 m/s corespunzator turatiei de 3000 rpm


Incalzirea carcasei fata de mediul ambiant devine:
'c =

Pcu1 + PAl 2 + PFe + Pmec


2330.64
=
= 23.69[o C];
0S2 + vS1
14,3 0.037 + 93,17 1.05

15

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

ceea ce conduce la modificarea incalzirii infasurarii statorice si a pachetului de tole


statoric fata de mediul ambiant .
'Fe = 'C + s = 23.6 + 8.42 = 32.11[ o C];
si
'Cu = 'Fe + i = 32.11 + 4,79 = 36.90[ o C];

Incalzirile corespund claselor de izolatie B;

VIII.Bibliografie

- I. Cioc, C. Nica :

Proiectarea masinilor electrice

- Toma Dordea

Proiectarea masinilor electrice

vol I+II
16

AUTOR :RUSU GABRIEL, GRUPA 3/1

Constructia masinilor

electrice
- I. Sora , I. Novac :

Indrumator de proiectare

17