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5/7/2014

Learn 8085: Pin Description


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Learn 8085
This blog is dedicated to impart programming knowledge about Intel's 8085 micro-processor.

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Pin Description

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Pin Diagram of 8085 Microprocessor and its description is as follows:-

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Pin-wise description of 8085 is as follows-

ACIEGN
SI NIE

Input one character:


display

Pin No

Pin Name

Description

1,2

X1-X2

A crystal (or RC, LC network) is connected to these

STIRI ROMANESTI
ASCII Decima

two pins. The frequency is internally divided by two;

ASCII Hex

therefore to operate a system at 3 MHz, the crystal

ASCII Binary

should have frequency of 6 Mhz.


3

RESET OUT

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This is an active high output signal used to indicate

BO ACIE
LG RHV

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that the microprocessor is reset. This signal is used


to reset other devices in system.
4

2012 (1)
2011 (7)

SOD

10/09 - 10/16 (5)

Serial Output Data.

To find factorial of a num

This is an active high, serial output port pin, used to


transfer serial 1 bit data under software control.
5

To multiply two number

How to add two numbers


without using ADD
command?

SID

Serial Input Data.


This is an active high, serial input port pin, used to
accept serial 1 bit data under software control.

TRAP

This is a non-maskable interrupt and has highest


priority.

RST 7.5

8085 Architecture

How to count number of


a byte?
10/02 - 10/09 (1)
09/25 - 10/02 (1)

Pin 7-9 are vectored interrupt that transfer the


program control to specific memory location. They
have higher priority than the INTR interrupt.

RST 6.5

RST 5.5

10

INTR

Interrupt request. General purpose interrupt.

11

INTA

Interrupt acknowledgement. This is used to


acknowledge interrupt.

12-19

AD0-AD7

These pins are multiplexed to be used as address bus


as well as data bus.These are signal lines which are
bidirectional & they serve dual purpose. They are
used as lower order address bus as well as data bus.

20

VSS

It is ground reference.

21-28

A8-A15

These 8 signal lines are unidirectional and used for


most significant bits called higher order address bus
of a 16-bit address.

29,33

S0

These are status signal, similar to IO/M, can


identify various operations.
IO/M

S1

S0

Machine Cycle

Opcode fetch

Memory read

Memory write

I/O Read

I/O Write

Interrupt
Acknowledgement

30

ALE

Address Latch Enable


ALE signal is used to separate AD0-AD7 ie
demultiplex
ALE=1 indicates that contents are address.
ALE=0 indicates that the contents are data.

31

WR (active low)

Write. This is a Write control signal (active low).


This signal indicates that the data on the data bus are

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Learn 8085: Pin Description

to be written into selected memory or I/O location.


32

RD (active low)

Read. This is a Read control signal (active low). This


signal indicates that the selected I/O or memory
device is to be read and data are available on data
bus.

34

IO/M

This is a status signal used to differentiate between


I/O and memory location. When it is high. It indicates
an I/O operation; when it is low, it indicates a
memory operation.

35

READY

If the signal at READY pin is low, the


microprocessor enters in to wait state. This signal is
primarily used to synchronize slower peripherals with
the microprocessor.

36

RESET IN

When the reset pin is activated by an external key all


the internal operations are suspended and the
program counter is cleared and the program
execution begins at zero memory address.

37

CLK OUT

Clock Output.
This signal can be used as the system clock for other
devices.

38

HLDA

Hold acknowledgement. This pin is used for hold


acknowledgement.

39

HOLD

When HOLD pin is activated by an external signal


the microprocessor relinquishes control of buses and
allows the external pheripheral to use them.

40

VCC

+5V power supply.

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