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® Y
®
Y
® Y YOUR SETUP GUIDE TO FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY DUSTIN DIAZ

YOUR SETUP GUIDE TO FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY

DUSTIN DIAZ

® Your setuP Guide to Flash PhotoGraPhY Dustin Diaz PeachPit Press
®
®

Your setuP Guide to Flash PhotoGraPhY

Dustin Diaz

PeachPit Press® Your setuP Guide to Flash PhotoGraPhY Dustin Diaz

This is sTrobisT® inFo:

Your seTup Guide To Flash phoToGraphY

dustin diaz

Published by Peachpit Press. For information on Peachpit Press books, contact:

peachpiT press

1249 Eighth Street Berkeley, CA 94710 (510) 524-2178 Fax: (510) 524-2221

Find us on the Web at www.peachpit.com To report errors, please send a note to errata@peachpit.com Peachpit Press is a division of Pearson Education

Copyright © 2012 by Dustin Diaz All photography © Dustin Diaz except where noted

editor: Ted Waitt production editor: Lisa Brazieal interior design: Mimi Heft compositor: WolfsonDesign indexer: James Minkin cover design: Mimi Heft cover images: Dustin Diaz

noTice oF riGhTs

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. For information on getting permission reprints and excerpts, contact permissions@peachpit.com.

noTice oF liabiliTY

The information in this book is distributed on an “As Is” basis without warranty. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of the book, neither the author nor Peachpit shall have any liability to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indi- rectly by the instructions contained in this book or by the computer software and hardware products described in it.

Trademarks

Strobist® is a registered trademark of Strobist.com. Used with permission. This Is Strobist® Info is not affiliated with or endorsed by David Hobby or Strobist.com. All Canon products are trademarks or registered trademarks of Canon Inc. All Nikon products are trademarks or registered trademarks of Nikon and/or Nikon Corporation. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this book, and Peachpit was aware of a trademark claim, the designations appear as requested by the owner of the trademark. All other product names and services identified throughout this book are used in editorial fashion only and for the benefit of such companies with no intention of infringement of the trademark. No such use, or the use of any trade name, is intended to convey endorsement or other affiliation with this book.

ISBN-13

978-0-321-80354-2

ISBN-10

978-0-321-80354-X

9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Printed and bound in the United States of America

To Erin She’s pretty cool.

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CoNTENTS

introduction Backstory On strobist® info this Book

one:

Lights, Camera, Action

on acquiring Lights speedlights Radio triggers Light stands

umbrella adapters

Light Modifiers

Grid spots

Buying advice

vi

vi

vi

vii

1

2

2

3

5

7

8

11

12

two: Understanding Light Travel

13

shutter speed, aperture, and iso sensitivity

14

shutter speed

14

aperture

14

isO speed

15

okay, Now What about this Flash thing?

15

What is a Guide number?

15

Okay, i’m Ready for that inverse square thingy

17

Right On so now What?

18

three: This Is Strobist ® Info

index

19

121

INTroDUCTIoN

I swore on my mother’s grave that I would never write a

book again. With that said, Mom, I am terribly sorry for even insinuating that you weren’t alive. I’ll send you a copy once this is over, and I’ll await that embarrassing phone call where

you’re all like, “Mijo, what was that all about?” And I’ll be like, “oh, yeah. Sorry about that. I didn’t have a clever opener so

I just went with it.”

Nevertheless, this wasn’t yet another painful experience to complete. Luckily, I had an amazing wife (Erin), a patient editor (Ted Waitt), and a plethora of friends (an excuse to mention Jr and Ashley) who helped push me along (or took me away) to complete this book. Pro tip for first-time authors:

Don’t write a book immediately after having a first child and switching jobs. Just don’t.

To the point—you see, this was all a big misunderstanding with one thing leading to another. And it all happened like this.

BackstorY

In 2006, I bought my first SLr camera, a Nikon D40. I took a

lot of terrible photos. Like

just

badly terrible. In 2007, I added

more to that terrible collection. In 2008, I decided I liked taking terrible photos so I bought more lenses, figuring that would improve my ability to be a terrible photographer. Unfortunately, near the end of the year I caught a bug that made me care about taking good pictures. Then finally came Christmas 2008, when I decided to do one of those cheesy 365 “photo a day” projects for 2009. Long story short, it became stupidly suc- cessful. I wrote some things about lighting and drew some diagrams. I learned a lot of things, many hardships were had, and I am now a better person. Years later, I wrote a book about it. The End.

oN stroBist® iNFo

Just to be up front, Strobist® is part of the David Hobby Hair Club for Men brand. If you haven’t been there, I highly recom- mend you take a visit back to the old town and know your flash roots. Visit strobist.com for more information.

But seriously, if it weren’t for David pouring in countless hours of blood, sweat, and beers, I can honestly say I’d be doing something else other than pretending to act like I’m a writer. David Hobby is the Godfather of Flash Photography.

this Book

Considering this book made it into your hands one way or another, it’s highly unlikely you’ll ever read this introduction thing. For example, chicken butt banana brains! Am I right? Given that this book is filled with full-page, high-resolution beautiful photos (just sayin’) accompanied by detailed setup shots, there seems very little reason to bother reading about gear, light travel, and the inverse square law. And to your defense, I’m right there with you! Photos speak a thousand words! But for what it’s worth, in the spirit of terseness and not wasting your time, you’ll be a thousand times better off reading the accompanying text chapters before trying to decipher the photo diagrams. So if you’re learning about flash photography for the first time via this book, first off, good choice, and secondly, don’t skimp out on the words. Everything from aperture settings to softboxes to rock music is covered, helping you streamline your way to becoming a professional flash diagram decoder and allowing you to recreate any image shown in this book. So just read the text, for you and for me. Together. We can make a difference. Now queue the happy music and read on.

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three: This Is Strobist Info

®

You've now arrived at the part of the book where you can skip to any page you

want. With that in mind, use each photo as a guide to provide means to your own

ends. So get out there, take some pictures, rock the lights and like every other photographer giving advice!

oh my gosh I sound

Oh well, I tried. Good luck, and may the schwartz be with you.

20 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
Note the dust spots by the San Francisco Bay Bridge. Lens in dire need of
Note the dust spots by the San Francisco Bay Bridge. Lens in dire need of
Note the dust spots by the San Francisco Bay Bridge. Lens in dire need of
Note the dust spots by the San Francisco Bay Bridge. Lens in dire need of

Note the dust spots by the San Francisco Bay Bridge. Lens in dire need of a cleaning.

D3

|

ISO 200

50" Softbox 3 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

Lens in dire need of a cleaning. D3 | ISO 200 50" Softbox 3 x SB-900

|

f/8

|

1/80 T h

|

D3 | ISO 200 50" Softbox 3 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm | f/8 |

24–70mm f/2.8 @ 24mm

21

22 Th IS IS ST r O b IST ® InfO
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 10' 50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm
with 1/8" Grid
10'
50" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
Silver Reflector

2'50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm Silver Reflector 3' D3 | ISO 250 | f/7.1

3'
3'

D3

|

ISO 250

|

f/7.1

|

1/250T h

|

24–70mm f/2.8 @ 70mm

23

24 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O

It took seven runs to get the final shot.

43 " Umbrella

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 24mm

7'
7'

D3

|

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

1/1 @ 24mm 7' D3 | 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm 5' ISO 100
5'
5'

ISO 100

|

f/ 6.3

|

1/250T h

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 14mm

25

26 Th IS IS ST r O b IST ® InfO
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 35mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 9' Jansport Big Student
43" Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 35mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
9'
Jansport Big Student
It's kind of a big deal to get
50% off at Foxy Lady's.
D3
|
ISO 500

Near 22nd & Mission, S.F.

|

f/ 2

|

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 135mm with Blue Gel

| ISO 500 Near 22nd & Mission, S.F. | f/ 2 | SB-900 @ 1/8 @

1/40 T h

|

200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

27

28 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
4' 45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm D3 | 60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900
4'
4'
4' 45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm D3 | 60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @
4' 45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm D3 | 60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @

45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

4' 45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm D3 | 60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @

D3

|

4' 45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm D3 | 60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @

60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

3'
3'

|

f/ 3.5

|

ISO 100

Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 3' | f/ 3.5 | ISO 100 1/250Th |
Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 3' | f/ 3.5 | ISO 100 1/250Th |

1/250Th

|

85mm f/ 1.4 @ 85mm

29

30 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm 10' Husbands make great light stands. D3 |
SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm
10'
Husbands make great light
stands.
D3
|

ISO 200

|

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

stands. D3 | ISO 200 | 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 4' f/ 5
stands. D3 | ISO 200 | 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 4' f/ 5
4'
4'
stands. D3 | ISO 200 | 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 4' f/ 5

f/ 5

|

1/250 Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

31

32 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm D3 | ISO 250 | f/ 7.1 |
46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm D3 | ISO 250 | f/ 7.1 |
46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm D3 | ISO 250 | f/ 7.1 |
46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm D3 | ISO 250 | f/ 7.1 |

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

D3

|

ISO 250

|

f/ 7.1

|

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

| f/ 7.1 | SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 1/100 Th | 24–70mm

1/100 Th

|

24–70mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

Charcoal Seamless

f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

33

34 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm with Blue Gel SB-900

28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm with Blue Gel

@ 200mm 28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm with Blue Gel SB-900 @ 1/16 @

SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

17mm with Blue Gel SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 42" Silver Reflector 50"

42" Silver Reflector

@ 1/16 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 42" Silver Reflector 50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm with 1/8 CTG Gel

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm with 1/8 CTG Gel Charcoal Seamless Use a Windex

Charcoal Seamless

Use a Windex bottle filled with water for shining up hair.

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 8

|

1/200 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

35

36 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

Apparently, the theme of the night was "twins."

2' 3'
2'
3'

D3

|

50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

2' 3' D3 | 50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm 28" Softbox SB-900

28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm 28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm ISO 200

ISO 200

|

f/ 11

|

1/250 T h

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 16mm

37

38 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm Bounced to Ceiling

SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm Bounced to Ceiling 28" Gold Reflector Happy bride. 50" Softbox SB-900

28" Gold Reflector

SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm Bounced to Ceiling 28" Gold Reflector Happy bride. 50" Softbox SB-900

Happy bride.

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

Reflector Happy bride. 50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 6.3

|

1/250 Th

|

43" Reflective Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm

@ 17mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/ 6.3 | 1/250 Th | 43" Reflective Umbrella

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

39

40 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm 5'
60" Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm
5'
5'
5'

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm

Two umbrellas are used to ensure even, full-body coverage.

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 10

|

1/200 T h

Palace of Fine Arts

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 31mm

41

42 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm (Behind Softbox) The reflector

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm (Behind Softbox)

SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm (Behind Softbox) The reflector adds just

The reflector adds just the right amount of fill light.

D3

|

ISO 200

|

White Seamless

42" Silver Reflector

of fill light. D3 | ISO 200 | White Seamless 42" Silver Reflector f/ 6.3 |

f/ 6.3

|

1/250 Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 48mm

43

44 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
580EX II @ 1/32 @ 24mm 28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 17mm with 1/2
580EX II @ 1/32 @ 24mm
28" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 17mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
7'
Camera 25'
I carried all this stuff!
You can, too.
D700
|
ISO 500
|
f/ 2
|
1/25Th
|
200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

45

46 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm I'm not even sure how we made
45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm I'm not even sure how we made
45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm I'm not even sure how we made

45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm

I'm not even sure how we made this effect, but the building made a neat reflection and we went with it.

@ 1/4 @ 35mm I'm not even sure how we made this effect, but the building
but the building made a neat reflection and we went with it. 3' D3 | SB-900
3'
3'

D3

|

SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 7'
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 200mm
with 1/8" Grid
7'

ISO 200

|

f/ 5

|

1/100 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 42mm

47

48 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel SB-900 @ 1/32 @
50" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm
with 1/8" Grid (Feathered)
9'
Camera 20'
D3
|
ISO 800
|
f/ 2
|
1/25 T h
|
200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm
49
50 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
 
  46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

  46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid
 

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

  50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
Cheap Entertainment

Cheap Entertainment

 

Charcoal Seamless

 

D3

|

ISO 320

|

f/ 6.3

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

51

52 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 15' Note the unimpressed security guard.
SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
15'
Note the unimpressed
security guard.
D3
|
ISO 3200
|
f/ 2.8
|
1/25 T h
|
24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

53

54 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

50" Big Mama SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

4'
4'

The fancy umbrella was abandoned in the final shot.

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm with 1/4" Grid

in the final shot. SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm with 1/4" Grid 9' Charcoal Seamless Erin
9'
9'

Charcoal Seamless

Erin 5'
Erin
5'
4'
4'

45" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

32" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 135mm

@ 1/4 @ 17mm 32" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 135mm D3 | ISO 200

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 6.3

|

1/125Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 48mm

55

56 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm Beware of the Mary Poppins effect
50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm Beware of the Mary Poppins effect
50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm Beware of the Mary Poppins effect

50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

Beware of the Mary Poppins effect these softboxes have, and take extra precaution when shooting alone.

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm Beware of the Mary Poppins effect these softboxes have, and take
have, and take extra precaution when shooting alone. 5' D3 | ISO 100 | f/ 8
5'
5'

D3

|

ISO 100

|

f/ 8

|

1/80 T h

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 14mm

57

58 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
4' D3 | ISO 100 | f/ 2.8 | 1/250 T h | 60" Collapsed
4'
4'
4' D3 | ISO 100 | f/ 2.8 | 1/250 T h | 60" Collapsed Umbrella

D3

|

ISO 100

|

f/ 2.8

|

1/250 T h

|

60" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

85mm f/ 1.4 @ 85mm

59

60 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

45" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/8 CTO Gel

45" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/8 CTO Gel Camera Stood Here 3' Be
Camera Stood Here 3'
Camera Stood Here
3'

Be clever with what already exists in people's homes (like this photo collage).

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 4.5

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

61

62 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 7' This place gets crowded
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 7' This place gets crowded
7'
7'
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 7' This place gets crowded

This place gets crowded in the mornings.

SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm 20'
SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm
20'

D3

|

ISO 640

|

f/ 2

|

1/30 T h

|

200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

63

64 ThIS IS STrObIST® InfO

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 14mm with Diffuser

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 14mm with Diffuser 1' White Reflective Paper There was an
1'
1'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 14mm with Diffuser 1' White Reflective Paper There was an

White Reflective Paper

There was an attempt to shoot some fruit, but that idea was abandoned in favor of the gnome.

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 11

|

1/250Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

65

66 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm Never be afraid to leave Speedlights in the shot. They

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

Never be afraid to leave Speedlights in the shot. They make cool starburst effects.

D3

|

ISO 200

|

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

f/ 13

|

1/250 T h

|

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm
| SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm f/ 13 | 1/250 T h | SB-900 @ 1/1
| SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm f/ 13 | 1/250 T h | SB-900 @ 1/1

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

67

68 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
46" Collapsed Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm 3'
46" Collapsed Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm
3'

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 7.1

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 26mm

69

70 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O
SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm
with 1/8" Grid
50" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
10'
8" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm
4'
5'
Silver Reflector
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm
5'
5'

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 6.3

|

1/125Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 62mm

71

72 Th IS IS ST rO b IST ® InfO

Gold Reflector

Gold Reflector Red brick walls are overrated. D3 46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm 3'

Red brick walls are overrated.

D3

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm

walls are overrated. D3 46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 24mm 3' | ISO 200 |
3'
3'

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 7.1

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 45mm

73

74 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/1

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/1 @

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 8

|

@ 1/1 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/ 8
@ 1/1 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/ 8
3'
3'

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 40mm

75

76 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O
Charcoal Seamless SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid 50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2

Charcoal Seamless

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm 42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm 42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm 42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm
50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm 42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm D3

42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm

Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm 42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm D3 |

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 8

|

1/250Th

|

42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/ 8 |
42" Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 35mm D3 | ISO 200 | f/ 8 |

85mm f/ 1.4 @ 85mm

77

78 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O
Interested bicyclist. 45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3
Interested bicyclist. 45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3
Interested bicyclist. 45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3

Interested bicyclist.

Interested bicyclist. 45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3 |

45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel

Interested bicyclist. 45" Convertible Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3 |

D3

|

ISO 800

|

Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 18mm with 1/2 CTO Gel D3 | ISO 800 | f/

f/ 2.8

|

1/15 Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

79

80 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
 

46" Umbrella 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 24mm

   
   
3'
3'
3'
 

Sometimes you need bare light sans modifier to overpower the sun.

you need bare light sans modifier to overpower the sun. SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 50mm 6'

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 50mm

sans modifier to overpower the sun. SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 50mm 6' D3 | ISO 200
sans modifier to overpower the sun. SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 50mm 6' D3 | ISO 200
6'
6'

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 14

|

1/250T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

81

82 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm with 1/2 CTO Gel

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 8' D3 | ISO 640
8'
8'

D3

|

ISO 640

|

f/ 2.8

|

1/30 Th

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 14m

83

84 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
43" Reflective Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm 4' Not Shown 43" Shoot-Through Umbrella SB-900
43" Reflective Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm
4'
Not Shown
43" Shoot-Through Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm
5'

D3

|

ISO 320

|

f/ 8

|

1/250 T h

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 14mm

85

86 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

Check out the ugly sweat pants from 1996.

Check out the ugly sweat pants from 1996. 3' 43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm
3'
3'
Check out the ugly sweat pants from 1996. 3' 43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm

from 1996. 3' 43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm 5' SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm
from 1996. 3' 43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm 5' SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm
5'
5'
1996. 3' 43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 50mm 5' SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm with

SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm with Red Gel into 10-Degree Snoot

SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 200mm with Red Gel into 10-Degree Snoot D3 | ISO 200 |

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 3.2

|

1/125 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 60mm

87

88 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 105mm 6' Silver Reflector SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm
8" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 105mm
6'
Silver Reflector
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 35mm
4'

D3

|

ISO 200

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

2'
2'

|

f/ 4.5

|

1/125 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

89

90 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

45" Convertible Umbrella

45" Convertible Umbrella

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 20mm with 1/2 CTO Gel

 
 

Erin (Human Light Stand)

Erin (Human Light Stand)
12'
12'
Rohe Family Train Tracks They stood vertical for the actual shot. All settings remained the
Rohe Family
Train Tracks
They stood vertical for the
actual shot. All settings
remained the same.
D700
|
ISO 400
|
f/ 2
|
1/60 Th
|
200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

91

92 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O

60" Umbrella (Not Shown) SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

If the light stands are masked well, why not leave the lights in the final shot?

4'
4'

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 8

|

1/250 T h

|

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 200mm

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

93

94 Th IS IS S T r O b IST ® Inf O
28" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm 8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 3'
28" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm
8" Softbox
SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm
3'
5'
Silver Reflector
4'
Charcoal Seamless

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/5.6

|

1/200 T h

|

85mm f/1.4 @ 85mm

95

96 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
50" Softbox 2 x SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 200mm Found
50" Softbox
2 x SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 200mm
Found a shopping cart.
D3
|
ISO 400
|

f/ 9

|

1/40 T h

|

14–24mm f/ 2.8 @ 14mm

97

98 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 105mm

7'
7'
8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm Find the hidden, watching dad.
8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm Find the hidden, watching dad.
8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm Find the hidden, watching dad.

8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm

Find the hidden, watching dad.

8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm Find the hidden, watching dad.
SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 35mm Find the hidden, watching dad. D3 | ISO 200 | 4'

D3

|

ISO 200

|

4' 60" Umbrella 2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm
4'
60" Umbrella
2 x SB-900 @ 1/1 @ 17mm

f/ 11

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

99

100 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

Red Wine

45" Umbrella Calumet Genesis @ 1/2 SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 105mm SB-900 @ 1/4 @
45" Umbrella
Calumet Genesis @ 1/2
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 105mm
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 105mm
Red Bed Sheet
8'
8'
4'
5'
SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm with
1/8" Grid and Blue Gel
Red Nike Shoes
Necessary music and bottles
of wine.
D3
|
ISO 160
|
f/ 9
|
1/200 Th
|
24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 62mm

101

102 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 3' D3 | ISO 3200
3'
3'

D3

|

ISO 3200

|

f/ 2.8

|

1/10 Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 24mm

103

104 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
7' SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid
7'
SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm
with 1/8" Grid
43" Silver Reflective Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm 4'
43" Silver Reflective Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm
4'
Silver Reflective Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm 4' Seamless Paper D3 | ISO 200 |

Seamless Paper

D3

|

ISO 200

|

f/ 3.5

|

1/125Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

105

106 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

10'
10'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'
43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 10'
2' D3 | ISO 100
2'
2'
2' D3 | ISO 100

D3

|

ISO 100

43" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

12'
12'

|

| 3' f/ 1.8 | 1/250Th |
3'
3'
| 3' f/ 1.8 | 1/250Th |

f/ 1.8

|

1/250Th

|

@ 1/4 @ 24mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm 12' | 3' f/ 1.8 | 1/250Th

85mm f/ 1.4 @ 85mm

107

108 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
4'
4'

D3

|

ISO 100

|

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 24mm

SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm

f/ 1.4

|

1/250Th

|

50mm f/ 1.4 @ 50mm

109

110 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

D3

|

4'
4'

ISO 250

|

f/ 2

|

1/125Th

|

43" Silver Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/64 @ 35mm

200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

111

112 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
D3 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm | ISO 160 | f/ 2.8 |
D3 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm | ISO 160 | f/ 2.8 |

D3

60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

D3 60" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm | ISO 160 | f/ 2.8 | 8"

|

ISO 160

|

f/ 2.8

|

Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm | ISO 160 | f/ 2.8 | 8" Softbox SB-900

8" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 50mm

4'
4'

|

8'
8'

1/250T h

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 70mm

113

114 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO
43" Silver Reflective Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 10' Tina
43" Silver Reflective Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/16 @ 17mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
10'
Tina
Robert (Human Light Stand)
with 1/2 CTO Gel 10' Tina Robert (Human Light Stand) Powell & Market, S.F. D3 |
Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th |
Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th |
Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th |
Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th |

Powell & Market, S.F.

D3

|

ISO 1250

|

f/ 2

|

1/50 Th

|

Camera 40'

Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th | Camera
Powell & Market, S.F. D3 | ISO 1250 | f/ 2 | 1/50 Th | Camera

200mm f/ 2 @ 200mm

115

116 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

116 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

50" Softbox

SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

50" Softbox SB-900 @ 1/2 @ 17mm SB-900 @ 1/8 @ 200mm

D3

|

28" Softbox 580EX II @ 1/2 @ 24mm

42" Gold Reflector

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

SB-900 @ 1/32 @ 200mm with 1/8" Grid

Charcoal Seamless
Charcoal Seamless

ISO 200

|

f/ 8

|

1/250 T h

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 56mm

117

118 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

118 Th IS IS STrO b IST ® InfO

You wouldn't even know she was two months pregnant here.

46" Umbrella SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm with 1/2 CTO Gel 7'
46" Umbrella
SB-900 @ 1/4 @ 17mm
with 1/2 CTO Gel
7'

D3

|

ISO 1600

|

f/ 2.8

|

1/10 Th

|

24–70mm f/ 2.8 @ 29mm

119

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Index

1/8” grid, 11 8” softbox, 11 28” softbox, 10 42” reflector, 9 43” umbrella, 8 45” umbrella, 8 50” softbox, 10 60” umbrella, 9 430EX II flash, 2 580EX II flash, 2, 3

A

adapters, umbrella, 7 aperture settings, 14–15

B

backgrounds charcoal seamless, 33, 35, 51, 55, 77, 95, 117 seamless paper, 105 white seamless, 43 black backgrounds, 33, 35, 51, 55, 77, 95, 117 blue gel, 27, 35, 101 bracket, TriFlash, 7

C

Cactus V4 transmitter/receiver, 3 Cactus V5 transceivers, 4 Calumet 7’ stand, 5 Calumet 10’ stand, 5, 6 Calumet umbrella adapter, 7 Canon 430EX II flash, 2 Canon 580EX II flash, 2, 3

charcoal seamless background, 33, 35, 51, 55, 77, 95, 117 clamps, Manfrotto Super Clamp, 6 compact umbrellas, 8 CTG gel, 35 CTO gel, 27, 45, 49, 53, 61, 63, 79, 83, 91, 103, 115, 119

D

depth of field, 17 diffusers, 65 distance and light, 17 double-A batteries, 2

E

equipment. See lighting equipment

F

flash setups 1-flash shots, 53, 59, 61, 65, 69, 73, 79, 83, 91, 103, 111, 115, 119 2-flash shots, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 57, 63, 85, 87, 95, 105, 109, 113 3-flash shots, 21, 33, 37, 39, 51, 75, 77, 81, 89, 93, 97, 101 4-flash shots, 35, 55, 67, 71, 99, 107, 117 See also softbox setups; umbrella setups flash units Guide Numbers, 15–16 power considerations, 15 speedlight recommendations, 2–3 See also lighting equipment four-flash shots, 35, 55, 67, 71, 99, 107, 117 f-stops, 14–15

G

gels

blue, 27, 35, 101 CTG, 35 red, 87 See also CTO gel gold reflectors, 39, 73, 117 grid spots, 11 1/4” grid, 55 1/8” grid, 11, 23, 35, 47, 49, 51, 71, 77, 101, 105, 117 Guide Number (GN), 15–16

H

hair, shining up, 35 Hobby, David, vi home-based photos, 61 Honl 1/8” Speed Grid, 11 Honl Traveller8 softbox, 11

I

inverse square law, 13–14, 17 ISO speed, 15

J

Jansport Big Student pack, 27

L

Lastolite TriFlash adapter, 7 light

aperture and, 14–15 flash power and, 15–16 inverse square law and, 17 ISO speed and, 15 shutter speed and, 14

Index

121

light stands, 5–6 lighting equipment, 2–12 adapters, 7 buying advice, 12 grid spots, 11 light stands, 5–6 radio triggers, 3–4 reflectors, 9 softboxes, 10–11 speedlights, 2–3 umbrellas, 8–9 lighting setups. See flash setups; softbox setups; umbrella setups

M

Manfrotto 6’ Nano stand, 5, 6 Manfrotto Super Clamp, 6 Manfrotto swivels, 7 Mary Poppins effect, 11, 57

N

Nikon SB-700 Speedlight, 2, 3 Nikon SB-900 Speedlight, 2, 3

O

one-flash shots, 53, 59, 61, 65, 69, 73, 79, 83, 91, 103, 111, 115, 119

P

paper seamless, 105 white reflective, 65 See also seamless backgrounds PocketWizard Flex, 4 PocketWizard Plus II, 4 power, flash, 15

122 Th Is Is sTrob I sT ® Info

R

Radio Popper JrX, 4 radio triggers, 3–4 receivers, 3 red bed sheet, 101 red gel, 87 reflective paper, 65 reflectors, 9 gold, 39, 73, 117 silver, 23, 35, 43, 55, 71, 77, 89, 95

S

SB-700 Speedlight, 2, 3 SB-900 Speedlight, 2, 3 seamless backgrounds charcoal, 33, 35, 51, 55, 77, 95, 117 white, 43 seamless paper, 105 shutter speed, 14 silver reflectors, 9, 23, 35, 43, 55, 71, 77, 87 snoot, 10-degree, 87 softbox equipment, 10–11 8” Honl softbox, 11 28” Westcott softbox, 10 50” Westcott softbox, 10 softbox setups 8” softbox, 99, 113 8” + 28” softboxes, 95 8” + 50” softboxes, 71, 89 28” softbox, 43, 45 28” + 8” softboxes, 95 28” + 50” softboxes, 35, 37, 117 50” softbox, 21, 23, 33, 39, 49, 51, 55, 57, 63, 77, 97 50” + 8” softboxes, 71, 89 50” + 28” softboxes, 35, 37, 117 See also flash setups; umbrella setups speedlights recommended, 2–3 See also flash units

spots. See grid spots stands, light, 5–6 starburst effects, 67 strobist.com website, vi sunlight, overpowering, 81 Super Clamp, Manfrotto, 6 swivels, Manfrotto, 7

T

three-flash shots, 21, 33, 37, 39, 51, 75, 77, 81, 89, 93, 97, 101 transceivers, 4 transmitters, 3 TriFlash adapter, 7 triggers, radio, 3–4 two-flash shots, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 57, 63, 85, 87, 95, 105, 109, 113

U

umbrella adapters, 7 umbrella equipment, 8–9 43” umbrella, 8 45” umbrella, 8 60” umbrella, 9 umbrella setups 43” umbrella, 27, 39, 65, 83, 85, 87, 105, 107, 111, 115 43” + 60” umbrellas, 25, 41 45” umbrella, 47, 55, 61, 79, 91, 101 45” + 60” umbrellas, 29 46” umbrella, 33, 51, 69, 73, 81, 109, 119 60” umbrella, 31, 59, 75, 93, 99, 103, 113 60” + 43” umbrellas, 25, 41 60” + 45” umbrellas, 29 See also flash setups; softbox setups

W

Waitt, Ted, vi Westcott softboxes, 10 white reflective paper, 65 white seamless background, 43 wireless radio triggers, 3–4

Index

123