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Page1of42

PROJECTENGINEERING
CE
Lecture :3 Year :IV
Tutorial : 1 Part:I
Practical : 0

CourseObjective:
Tointroducethebasicknowledgeonprojectandprojectenvironment
To make the students able to prepare feasibility study report and project
proposal.
To provide the sound knowledge of project planning, implementation and
controlling.
Toprovideknowledgeonriskassociatedwiththeproject
Toprovidetheknowledgeofprojectfinanceand
To provide the concept of modern trends and techniques of project
management.
1. IntroductionofProjectandProjectManagement [6hours]
1.1. DefinitionofProject,itscharacteristics,andexampleofproject.
1.2. ClassificationofProject.
1.3. ProjectObjectiveandGoal.
1.4. ProjectLifeCyclePhases.
1.5. ProjectEnvironment.
1.6. IntroductiontoProjectManagement.
2. ProjectAppraisalandProjectFormulation [8hours]
2.1. ConceptofProjectAppraisal
2.2. ProjectProposal(technicalandfinancial)
2.3. ProcedureforDevelopingProjectProposal
2.4. TechniquesofProjectFormulation
Feasibilityanalysis,
CostBenefitanalysis,
Inputanalysis,
Environmentalanalysis
3. ProjectPlanningandScheduling [12hours]
3.1. ConceptofProjectPlanninganditsImportance.
3.2. ProjectPlanningProcess.
3.3. WorkBreakdownStructure(WBS)
3.4. ProjectSchedulingwithBarChart,CPM&PERT
3.5. Project Scheduling with Limited Resources (Resource Leveling and
Smoothing).
3.6. IntroductiontoPlanningSoftwareMSProject
4. ProjectImplementationandControlling. [7hours]
4.1. IntroductiontoMonitoring,EvaluationandControlling
4.2. ProjectControl.
4.3. ProjectControlCycle
4.4. ElementsofProjectControl(time,costandquality).
4.5. ProjectScheduleControl
4.6. ProjectCostControl:Methodsandprocedure(Earnedvalueanalysis)
4.7. ProjectQualityControl
4.8. IntroductiontoProjectManagementInformationSystem(PMIS)
5. ProjectRiskAnalysisandManagement [7hours]
5.1. IntroductiontoProjectRisk.
5.2. TypesofProjectRisk.
5.3. AnalysisofMajorSourcesofRisk
5.4. EffectiveManagementofProjectRisk.
RiskManagementplanning
RiskIdentification
QualitativeandQuantitativeRiskAnalysis
RiskResponsePlanning
RiskMonitoringandControlling
6. IntroductiontoProjectFinancing [5hours]
6.1. Projectfinance
6.2. CapitalStructurePlanning
6.3. CapitalBudgetingDecision.

Tutorials:
1. WritingprojectProposal [2hours]
2. SchedulingUsingBarchart&CPM [4hours]
3. SchedulingUsingPlanningSoftware [4hours]
4. ProjectControlMethod(EVA) [1hour]
5. CapitalStructurePlanningExercise [2hours]
6. CapitalBudgetingExercise [2hours]

Page2of42

References:
1 Ishwar Adhikari and Santosh Kr. Shrestha, A text of Project Engineering
2011,ChandeshworiPublication,FirstEdition.
2 Dhurba P.Rizal, Project Management 2001, Ratna pustak bhandar, First
Edition.
3 E.R. Yescombe, Principles of Project Finance 2002, YescombeConsulting
Limited.
4 K. Nagarajan, Project Management, ISBN: 8122413404, New Age
International(P)Limited,NewDelhi,India,2001.
5 Dr. Govinda Ram Agrawal, Project Management in Nepal Edition: 2006,
M.K.PublishersandDistributors,Kathmandu,Nepal.

EvaluationScheme:
ThequestionswillcoverallthechaptersintheSyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow.
Chapters Hours
Marks
Distribution
*
1 6 10
2 8 12
3 12 24
4 7 12
5 7 12
6 5 10
Total 45 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page3of42

ORGANIZATIONANDMANAGEMENT
ME.

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : I
Practical : 0

CourseObjectives:
1. Acquireknowledgeinthefieldoforganizationalmanagementandinternal
organizationofcompaniesrequiredformanaginganenterprise
2. Acquire knowledge in the field of personnel management, motivation and
leadershipfordevelopingmanagerialskills
3. Gainknowledgeforstartingasmallscaleunitindependently
4. Gainknowledgeoncasestudyandmanagementinformationsystem.

CourseOutlines:
1. Introduction
1.1 Organization (2hours)
1.1.1 SystemapproachappliedtoOrganization
1.1.2 NecessityofOrganization
1.1.3 PrinciplesofOrganization
1.1.4 FormalandInformalOrganizations
1.2 Management (4hours)
1.2.1 FunctionsofManagement
1.2.2 LevelsofManagement
1.2.3 ManagerialSkills
1.2.4 ImportanceofManagement
1.2.5 ModelsofManagement
1.3 TheoryofManagement (6hours)
1.3.1 ScientificManagementApproach
1.3.2 AdministrativeManagementApproach
1.3.3 BehavioralManagementApproach
1.3.4 ModernManagementTheories
1.4 FormsofOwnership (2hours)
1.4.1 SingleOwnershipAdvantagesandlimitations
1.4.2 PartnershipTypesofPartnersAdvantagesandlimitations
1.4.3 Joint Stock Company Formation of Joint Stock Company
Advantagesandlimitations
1.4.4 Co operative Societies Types of Co operatives
Advantagesandlimitations
1.4.5 PublicCorporationsAdvantagesandlimitations
1.5 OrganizationalStructure (2hours)
1.5.1 LineOrganizationAdvantagesanddisadvantages
1.5.2 FunctionalOrganizationAdvantagesanddisadvantages
1.5.3 Line and Staff Organization Advantages and dis
advantages
1.5.4 CommitteeOrganizationAdvantagesanddisadvantages
1.6 PurchasingandMarketingManagement (4hours)
1.6.1 PurchasingIntroduction
1.6.2 FunctionsofPurchasingDepartment
1.6.3 MethodsofPurchasing
1.6.4 MarketingIntroduction
1.6.5 FunctionsofMarketing
1.6.6 Advertising
2. PersonalManagement (8hours)
2.1 Introduction
2.2 FunctionsofPersonalManagement
2.3 DevelopmentofPersonalPolicy
2.4 ManpowerPlanning
2.5 RecruitmentandSelectionofmanpowerScientificselection
2.6 TrainingandDevelopmentofmanpower
2.7 JobAnalysis,JobEvaluationandMeritRating
2.8 WagesandIncentives
3. Motivation,LeadershipandEntrepreneurship (6hours)
3.1 Motivation
3.1.1 Humanneeds
3.1.2 MaslowsHierarchyofneeds
3.1.3 MotivationIntroduction
Page4of42

3.1.4 TypesofMotivation
3.1.5 AttitudeMotivation;GroupMotivation;ExecutiveMotivation
3.1.6 TechniquesofMotivation
3.1.7 MotivationTheories
3.1.7.1 McGregorsTheoryXY
3.1.7.2 FearandPunishmentTheory
3.1.7.3 AlderfersERGTheory
3.1.7.4 MacClellandsTheoryoflearnedneeds
3.1.7.5 HerzbergsHygieneMaintenanceTheory
3.1.7.6 VroomsExpectancy/ValencyTheory
3.2 LeadershipIntroduction (2hours)
3.1.1 QualitiesofagoodLeader
3.1.2 LeadershipStyle
3.1.3 BlakesandMoutonsManagerialGrid
3.1.4 LeadershipApproach
3.1.5 LeadershipTheories
3.3 EntrepreneurshipIntroduction (2hours)
3.1.6 EntrepreneurshipDevelopment
3.1.7 EntrepreneurialCharacteristics
3.1.8 NeedforPromotionofEntrepreneurship
3.1.9 Stepsforestablishingsmallscaleunit
4. CaseStudies (2hours)
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Objectivesofcasestudy
4.3 Phasesofcasestudy
4.4 Stepsofcasestudy
4.5 Typesofcasestudies
5. ManagementInformationSystem (5hours)
5.1 DataandInformation
5.2 Need,functionandImportanceofMIS
5.3 EvolutionofMIS
5.4 OrganizationalStructureandMIS
5.5 ComputersandMIS
5.6 ClassificationofInformationSystems
5.7 InformationSupportforfunctionalareasofmanagement
5.8 OrganizingInformationSystems

Note: Students have to submit a case study report after visiting an industrial
organizationoutsideorinsidetheKathmanduvalley.

Reference:
1. H. B. Maynard, Industrial Engineering Handbook , Editor in Chief, 4
th

Edition,McGrawHill,19xx
2. E.S.BuffaandR.K.SarinModernProduction/OperationsManagement,
8
th
Edition,Wiley,1987
3. H. J. Arnold and D. C. Feldman Organizational Behavior , McGraw Hill,
1986
4. J.A.Senn,InformationSystemsinManagement,4
th
Edition,Wadsworth
Inc.,1990
5. P.HersheyandK.H.Blanchard,ManagementofOrganizationalBehavior
UtilizingHumanResources,4
th
Edition,PrenticeHallInc.,1982
6. M. Mahajan, Industrial Engineering and production Management
,DhanpatRaiandCo.(P)Ltd.,Delhi,2002
7. S. Sadagopan, Management Information System, Prentice Hall of India
PvtLtd,1997
8. C. B. Mamoria Personnel Management, Himalaya Publishing House
1989
9. O. P. Khanna, Industrial Engineering and Management , Dhanpat Rai
Publications(P)Ltd.,2007

Page5of42

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersofthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
distribution*
1&1.2 6 8or16
1.3 6 8
1.4&1.5 4 8
1.6 4 8
2 8 16
3.1 6 8
3.2&3.3 4 8
4&5 7 8or16
Total 45 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page6of42

TECHNOLOGYENVIRONMENTANDSOCIETY
CE..
Lecture : 2 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : I
Practical : 0

CourseObjectives:
Thecoursehasbeendevisedtoprovideknowledgeofenvironment,technology
anditsimpactonsociety.Itwouldbehelpfultothestudentstounderstandthe
global, national and local environmental issues and challenges of the
informationsociety.
1. Technology (8hours)
1.1. Definition,
1.2. Impactoftechnologyonenvironment&society,
1.3. Benefitsoftechnologyduetonewinventions,
1.4. Conflict of technology, technology creates opportunity for society to
change
1.5. Appropriatetechnology,
1.6. Intermediatetechnology,laborbasedandlaborintensivetechnology,
1.7. Shiftsinemploymentduetotechnologicaladvancement,
1.8. Roleoftechnologytounmaskoldsocialproblems,societyscontrolof
technology,
1.9. Impactoftechnologyonculture,traditionandsocialvalues,
1.10. Technologyisirreversible,
1.11. Agriculturalage,industrialageandinformationage,
1.12. Characteristicsofinformationsociety,
1.13. Informationaspowerandwealth
2. Developmentapproach: (6hours)
2.1. LEP(laborbased,environmentfriendlyandparticipatory),
2.2. Communitymanagement,engineersroleasfacilitator,
2.3. KeyfeaturesofinfrastructuredevelopmentpoliciesofNepal,
2.4. Ethnographicapproachtocollectinformation,
2.5. Participatoryapproachascommunityempowerment,
2.6. Participatorytools,focusgroupdiscussions,keyinformantsinterview,
2.7. Participatoryobservation,structuredquestionnaire,
2.8. Resourcemapping,wealthranking,povertydefinition
3. Briefhistoryofhumancivilization (4hours)
3.1. Earlycivilization,
3.2. GreatrenaissanceofEurope,
3.3. Earlypartofindustrialrevolution,
3.4. Transformationofindustrialsocietyintoinformationsociety,
3.5. Impactofworldwar1&2,Populationexplosion,
3.6. Riseofenvironmentalissues,
3.7. Climatechangeasathreattohumancivilization
4. Environment (3hours)
4.1. Definition,
4.2. Importance,ecology&ecosystem,
4.3. Conservationofenvironment,
4.4. Optimumutilizationofnaturalresources,
4.5. Renewableandnonrenewableresources,
4.6. Conflictofresources,
4.7. Globalenvironmentalissues,
4.8. EnvironmentalissuesofNepal
5. Waterandairpollution (6hours)
5.1. Fecaloralinfectiontransmissionroute
5.2. Preventivemeasures,
5.3. Onsitesanitation(includingecosanitation),
5.4. Importanceofhealtheducation,
5.5. Organicpollution,
5.6. Inorganic pollution( nitrate, fluoride, iron, manganese, calcium
arsenic, heavy metals), water pollution due to insecticides and
pesticides
5.7. Sources,causes&impactsofairpolution
5.8. Mitigationmeasures,
5.9. Indoorairpollution,
5.10. SeverityofitsproblemsinNepal
6. Climatechange (3hours)
6.1. Definition,causes,impacts,
6.2. Mitigationmeasures,
6.3. Internationaleffortstomitigateitsproblems,
6.4. Biogas,organicfarming,
6.5. Deforestationanditsconsequences,
6.6. Importance of national parks, conservation areas and forestation
programsinNepal
Page7of42

References:
1. B. C. Punmia, Ashok Kumar Jain and Arun Kumar Jain, "Environmental
Engineering",LaxmiPublications(P)Ltd.,NewDelhi,1998
2. H.G.Wells,"BriefHistoryofCivilization"
3. J.Neharu,"GlimpsofWorldHistory"

Examinationscheme
Thequestionwillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
Distribution
*
1 8 10
2 6 8
3 4 4
4 3 4
5 6 10
6 3 4
Total 30 40
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page8of42

POWERELECTRONICS
EE

Theory : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : I
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjective:
Tointroducevariouspowerelectronicsbasedcircuitsandtheiruseinpower
system
1. Characteristicsandspecificationofpowerelectronicsdevice (10hours)
1.1. Power Diode: VI characteristics, switching characteristics , types of
diodes,application
1.2. Thyristor:
1.2.1. VI characteristics, Turn On and Off mechanism, switching
characteristics,protectionscheme,
1.2.2. Types of thyristors, meritsdemerits and application of
thyristors,
1.2.3. Firing Circuits : Microcontroller based firing scheme, Long
pulse, short pulse and train pulse generation using pulse
transformer
1.2.4. Variouscommutationtechnique:LoadCommutationandLine
commutation
1.3. Power Transistor : VI Characteristics, switching characteristics,
meritsdemeritsandapplicationoftransistor
1.4. PowerMOSFETVICharacteristics,Switchingcharacteristics,merits
demeritsandapplicationsofMOSFET
1.5. Insulated Gate Bipolar transistor (IGBT): VI characteristics, switching
characteristics, meritsdemerits and application of IGBT, comparison
withMOSFET
1.6. Triac : VI characteristics of Triac, operating modes of Triac, merits
demeritsofTriac
1.7. Diac:VIcharacteristicsanditsmeritsanddemerits
2. Singlephaseactodcconversion (6hours)
2.1. Halfwaverectificationwithpowerdiodeusinginductiveandresistive
load
2.2. Halfwaverectificationwiththyristorusinginductiveandresistiveload
2.3. Full wave rectification with diode and thyristor using resistive and
inductiveload
2.4. Waveform,ripplecontent.Fourieranalysisandfilteringscheme
2.5. Singlephasesemiconverterandfullconverter
2.6. Powerfactorimprovement
2.6.1. Extinctionanglecontrol
2.6.2. Symmetricalanglecontrol
3. ThreephaseACtoDCconversion (4hours)
3.1. ThreephaseACtoDCconversionusingdiodeandtheFourieranalysis
ofwaveforms
3.2. ThreephasebridgerectificationwithdiodesandtheFourieranalysis
ofwaveforms
3.3. Threephasefullconverter
4. DCchopper (6hours)
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Stepdownchopper
4.3. Chopperwithdcmotorasload
4.4. Stepupchopper
4.5. Chopperclassification
5. Inverter (8hours)
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Singlephaseinverter
5.3. Singlephaseinverterwithacmotorload
5.4. Threephaseinverter
5.5. Fourieranalysisofthreephaseinverter
5.6. Pulsewidthmodulatedinverter
5.6.1. Singlepulsemodulation
5.6.2. Multiplepulsemodulations
5.6.3. Sinusoidalpulsewidthmodulation
6. ACvoltagecontroller (6hours)
6.1. Singlephasevoltagecontrollerwithphasecontrolusingresistiveand
inductiveload
6.2. Singlephasevoltagecontrollerinelectronicloadcontroller(ELC)
6.3. Principleofoperationofsinglephasecycloconverter
6.4. Stepupandstepdownsinglephasecycloconverter
6.5. Threephasetosinglephasecycloconverter
7. HVDCpowertransmission (5hours)
7.1. HVDCstationconfiguration(Filter,Converters,Inverters)
7.2. ComparisonofHVDCandHVACtransmission
7.3. Reversiblepowerflowandcontrolindcline
Page9of42

7.4. Seriesoperationofconverters
7.5. 12pulseoperationofconverter

Practical:
1. Studyofsinglephaserectificationwithdiodeandthyristor
2. Studyofthreephaserectificationwithdiodeandthyristor
3. StudyofDCconversionusingchoppercircuit
4. StudyofDCtoACconversionwithresistiveload
5. StudyofACvoltagecontrollerwithresistiveload

References:
1. MuhammadH.RashidPowerElectronicsDhanpatRaiandSons
2. B.RGuptaandV.SinghalPowerElectronicsKatariaandSons

Evaluationscheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
distribution
*
1 10 16
2 6 8
3 4 8
4 6 8
5 8 16
6 6 16
7 5 8
Total 44 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page10of42

UTILIZATIONOFELECTRICALENERGY
EE

Theory : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : I
Practical : 3/2

CourseObjectives:
Topresentthebasicconceptsonutilizationofelectricalenergyonvarious
applications
1. Introduction [4hours]
1.1. Commonusesofelectricalenergy:Domestic,commercial,industrial
1.2. Classificationofelectricalconsumersandtheirdemand
1.3. Roles and advantages of electrical energy over other forms of energy
ondifferentapplications
2. ElectricDriveSystem [8hours]
2.1. Advantagesofelectricdrive
2.2. Types of electric drives Individual, group and multimotor and
comparisonamongthem
2.3. Methods of power transfer Direct coupling/using belt drive, gears,
pulleys
2.4. Selection of motors Factors to be considered, electrical and
mechanicalcharacteristicsmatching.
2.5. ServiceType(Continuous,Intermittent),RatingandSizingofmotor
2.6. Motors and their characteristics for particular service domestic,
industrialandcommercial
3. ControlofElectricDrive [12hours]
3.1. DCDriveControl
3.1.1. BackgroundofACDriveSystem
3.1.2. WardLeonardtypevariablespeeddrives
3.1.3. Static Variable DC voltage drives using diodes and/or controlled
rectifier
3.1.4. 4quadrantreversiblevoltageandpowerflowdrive
3.1.5. PIDspeedandtorquecontrolleddrives
3.2. ACDriveControl
3.2.1. BackgroundofACDriveSystem
3.2.2. Softstartvariableacvoltagestarter
3.2.3. Variablefrequencysuppliesforacdrive
3.2.4. Slippowerrecoverysystemforslipringinductionmotor
4. ElectricTraction [8hours]
4.1. Typesofelectrictractionselfcontainedunitsystem,tractionsystem
fedfromaseparatedistributionline,DCandACsupplysystem
4.2. Advantagesofelectrictractionsystem
4.3. Tramways,trolley,andelectrictrain:descriptionandcomparison
4.4. Typesofmotorsusedforelectrictraction
4.5. Starting,BrakingandSpeedcontroloftractionmotors
4.6. Speedtimecurveforatractionsystem:ScheduledandAveragespeed
andfactorsaffectingthesespeeds
5. ElectricHeating [6hours]
5.1. IntroductionofElectricalHeating
5.2. Advantagesofelectricheating
5.3. Buildingdesignconsiderationforelectricheating
5.4. Methods of electric heating: Resistance heating, Induction heating,
Electric arc heating, Dielectric heating, Infrared heating, and Micro
waveheating
6. DemandSideManagement [8hours]
6.1. IntroductionandadvantagesofDemandSideManagement
6.2. ConsumerClassificationandtheirdemandcharacteristics
6.3. EffectiveDemandSideManagementtechniques
6.4. Causes and disadvantages of Low Power Factor and different
techniquestoimprovePowerFactor
6.5. Typesoftariff:Simple tariff,Flatratetariff,Blockrate tariff,Twopart
tariff,Maximumdemandtariff
6.6. TariffSysteminNepal

Laboratory:
1. SpeedControlofDCshuntmotorbycontrolledrectifier
2. SpeedControlofInductionmotorbyrotorrheostatmethod
3. SpeedControlofInductionmotorbyfrequencycontrolmethod
4. StudyofPWMcontrollerforanacmachine

Reference:
1. AcourseinUtilizationofElectricalEnergy,G.Garg
2. AcourseinElectricalDrives,S.K.Pillai
3. Utilizationofelectricalenergy,Taylor

Page11of42

Evaluationscheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distribution*
1. 4 8
2. 8 16
3. 12 16
4. 8 16
5. 6 8
6. 8 16
Total 46 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.


Page12of42

POWERPLANTEQUIPMENT
EE

Lecture : 4 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : I
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjective:
To present information on the equipment used in power generating plant
includingelectricalaswellasmechanical

PartA(Electrical)
1. HydroPowerPlant (6hours)
1.1. EnergyConversionfromhydraulictoelectricalterminologies
1.2. SteadyStateoperationofhydropowerplant
1.3. Waterhammerandsurgetankinhydropowerplant
1.4. Controlofwaterdeliverytoturbine
1.5. Transientinturbinegeneratorsystem
1.6. Pumpstorageplant
1.7. Generatorforhydropowerplants
2. Power/frequencycontrolinhydrogeneratorsystem (10hours)
2.1. fandQVcontrolloopofhydrogeneratingsystem
2.2. Modelingofturbine
2.3. Specialcharacteristicsofhydraulicturbine
2.4. Modelingofgovernor
2.4.1. Fundamentalsofspeedgoverning
2.4.2. Generatorresponsetoloadchange
2.4.3. IsochronousGovernor
2.4.4. Governorwithdroopcharacteristics
2.4.5. Loadsharingbyparallelunit
2.4.6. Requirementoftransientdroop
3. Var/Voltagecontrolinhydrogeneratingsystems (6hours)
3.1. Typesofexcitationsystems
3.1.1. DCexcitationsystem
3.1.2. ACexcitationsystem
3.1.3. Staticexcitationsystem
3.2. Modelingofexcitationsystems

4. Substationequipments (8hours)
4.1. Powertransformeranditsvariouscomponents
4.2. Conceptofunittransformer
4.3. Potentialtransformerandcurrenttransformerusedinsubstation
4.4. Reactorusedingeneratingstationandsubstation
4.5. Firefightingsysteminpowerstation
4.6. PowerLineCarrierCommunication(PLCC)
4.7. PLCApplication
4.8. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) System and
communicationwithloaddispatchcenter

PartB(Mechanical)
5. DieselPowerPlant (10hours)
5.1. DieselCycle
5.2. Diesel Engine Operation, Starting, Fuel Storage and Supply System,
CoolingSystem,NoiseAbatementandGoverning
5.3. PerformanceofDieselPowerPlant
5.4. ApplicationsofDieselPowerPlant
5.5. AdvantagesandDisadvantagesofDieselPowerPlant
6. GasTurbinePowerPlant (7hours)
6.1. GasTurbineCycle;OpenandClosedCycles
6.2. Performance Improvement of Gas Turbine Power Plants; Intercooling,
RegenerationandReheating
6.3. Starting, Fuel Storage and Supply System, Cooling System, Noise
AbatementandGoverning
6.4. AdvantagesandDisadvantagesofGasTurbinePowerPlant
7. Thermal(Steam)PowerPlant (7hours)
7.1. Rankinecycle
7.2. PerformanceAnalysis,superheatingreheatingandregeneration
7.3. Steam Turbine: Classifications, Compounding, Governing and
LubricationsystemsforSteamTurbines
7.4. AdvantagesandDisadvantagesThermalPowerPlants
8. CombinedPowerPlant (6hours)
8.1. GasandSteamTurbineCombinedCycle
8.2. AdvantagesofCombinedCycle
8.3. PerformanceandEconomicsofCombinedCycle

Page13of42

Practical:
1. MinihydroUnitControl(IsolatedLoad)
Studythestartupandcontrolofspeedandgeneratedvoltageonthe
mini hydro unit, operating the generator on isolated load (not
synchronizedtothelabbus)
2. MinihydroUnitControl(Synchronized)
Startupandsynchronizedtosystembus
Study power and var control of the unit while synchronized and
deliveringenergytothesystem
3. DieselUnitControl(IsolatedLoad)
Asperlab#1
4. DieselUnitControl(Synchronized)
Asperlab#2

5. Loadsharingbetweenparallelunits
Operate mini hydro and diesel generating units in parallel to supply a
commonload.
Examinecontrolproblemsassociatedwithloadandvarsharing

6. Fieldtriptogeneratingplant(3daystrip)
visitafullsizeoperatinggeneratingplant
study the specific component and its operating mechanism of the
visitedpowerplant
Prepareaformalreportonpowerplantinstallationdescribingspecific
majorcomponent

Reference:
1. P.KundurPowerSystemStabilityandControlMcGrawHillInc
2. D.P.KothariPowerSystemEngineering
3. HadiSadatPowerSystem
4. S.C.Arora,S.DomkundwarAcourseinpowerplantEngineering
5. P.C.SharmaPowerPlantEngineering

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:

*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.


Chapters Hours
Marks
Distribution
*
1 6 8
2 10 16
3 6 8
4 8 8
5 10 16
6 7 8
7 7 8
8 6 8
Total 60 80
Page14of42

PROJECTI

Lecturer : 0 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : I
Practical : 3

CourseObjective:
To plan a electrical engineering project under the supervision of an instructor.
Duringtheprojectstudentshavetodesignfunctionalproject.

Tasks: In the development of the project each group of students will be


expectedto:
1. Students will form a small group (maximum of four students per group)
projects
2. Project concept development (field selection, hardware/software, scope
etc.) , attention will be paid to the suitability of the project topics for the
technicallevelofthestudentsandthepracticalapplicabilityofthesubject
topicstothelocalsituation.Whereverpossible,projectswillincludeaspect
ofcomputerapplicationsinelectricalengineeringwillbeencouraged.
3. Perform literature review and prepare a specific written project proposal
including a clear statement of objective and purpose of the project along
with preliminary methodology, expected outcome, time plan and
resourcesestimate.
4. Initiate and maintain contact through regular progress meetings with the
initiatoroftheprojectortheimmediatefacultysupervisor
5. At the end of this semester students will come up with a report with a
complete literature review and final methodology to be adopted with
sampleanalysis.
6. Endsemesterdefense


Page15of42

ElectiveI

Page16of42

ELECTRICALENERGYSYSTEMMANAGEMENT
ElectiveI
Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : I
Practical : 3/2

CourseObjective:
Tostudyplanningandmanagementaspectsofelectricalenergysupplyandto
gainsomefamiliaritywithdemandcharacteristicsandloadforecasting.
1. Powerutilitiesandpowersectordevelopment (9hours)
1.1. Functionalblockmodel
1.2. Classifications: Centralized government owned, Locally owned,
private/public,foreigninvestorowned
1.3. Power sector development in Nepal: History, growth of government
and private utilities, achievements, various utilities in existence and
theirorganization
1.4. Nepalese Power industry Regulatory framework: Company act,
Industrial enterprises act, Hydropower development policy, Water
resource act and regulation, Electricity act and regulation, Foreign
investmentandtechnologytransferact,Factoryact
1.5. Power sector restructuring : Goals, constraints, prerequisites and
differentmodels.
2. FinancialAnalysisandprojectfunding (9hours)
2.1. Basic accounting principles: Cash basis and Accrual basis of
accounting,
2.2. Depreciation: straight line method, declining balance method and
sumofyearsdigitmethod,inflationanddepression
2.3. Investment decisions: Interest and discount rates, inflation and
depression,Presentworth,Futureworth,NPV,B/Cratio,IRR,Payback
period,decisioncriteria
2.4. Electric utility funding requirements: capital requirement, operating
requirement,Cashflow
2.5. Sources of project funding: Public finance, corporate finance and
projectfinance
3. Electricalloadforecasting (9hours)
3.1. Loadcurvesandloadfactor,demandfactor,diversityfactor,
coincidencefactor
3.1.1. Load and their characteristics : Domestic, industrial,
commercial,noncommercial,transport,
irrigationetc.
3.2. Objectivesandclassificationofloadforecasting
3.3. Toolsandapproaches
3.4. Errorsanduncertainties
3.5. Aaccuracyanderroranalysisbasedontimeseriesapproach
3.6. Forecasting methods: mean and single moving average method,
mathematical models: Linear , Parabolic and Exponential method of
extrapolationandthemethodofsurvey,SIMCREDequation
4. Powersystemsecurityandreliability (9hours)
4.1. Securitydefinitions
4.2. Securitymeasures
4.3. Maintaining reserves: spinning reserve, scheduled or offline reserve,
staticreserve,Sourcesofreserves
4.4. Physicalconstrainstosystemsecurity
4.5. Effectsofsystemdiversity,systeminterconnection,import/export.
4.6. Approaches to reliability, Reliability and quality, Repairable and non
repairable components, The bathtub curve , Reliability function,
Properties of reliability, Reliability indices: Mean Time to Failure,
Mean Time Between Failures, Availability/Unavailability, Forced
outagerate,LossofLoadProbability,LossofLoadExpectation
4.7. System reliability models: Series system, parallel system, Series
parallelsystem,Parallelseriessystem,Nonseriesparallelsystem
4.8. Costofreliabilityandunreliability.
5. Unit Commitment and Economic load dispatch of generating
units (9hours)
5.1. Understanding Unit commitment problem, solution approaches,
Priority list scheme, Unit commitment schedule for a particular load
curve.
5.2. Elements of a constrained optimization problem, LaGrange theorem
asatooltosolveoptimizationproblem
5.3. Characteristicsofgeneratingunits(thermalandhydro):,Incremental
fuelcost,incrementalcostofproduction
5.4. Economic dispatch problem of thermal units excluding and including
transmissionlosses,Graphicalsolution,Penaltyfactoranditsphysical
insight,Useofpenaltyfactorinpowertransaction
5.5. Economic dispatch of energy and VARs as an operational problems:
Problems in new loading conditions, effect of power factor, VAR
compensationtechniques
Page17of42


Practical:
1 PresentationonNepalesepowerutilitiesandregulatoryenvironments
2 Solvingeconomicdispatchproblemofhydrounitsforlossminimization
3 ExploringdemandsupplysituationofcertainsectoroftheNepalesepower
systemandforecastthepowerandenergydemand
4 Reliability evaluation ( calculating LOLP) of a certain load center fed by
differenthydrounitsinNepalesesystem
5 Exploring the security situation of a typical power system through N1
contingencycriteria
6 Preparing unit commitment schedule for a particular load centre fed by
differenthydrounitinNepalesesystem

References
1. RobertNAnthonyandJamesSReece:ManagementAccountingPrinciples
2. AllenJWoodand BruceWWoolenberg:Power GenerationOperation and
Control
3. C.L.Wadhwa:ElectricalPowerSystems,WilleyEasternLimited
4. V. N. A. Naikan: Reliability Engineering and Life Testing, Printice Hall of
IndiaLtd.
5. S. Makridakis, S.C. Wheelwright, V.E. Mc Gee: Forecasting Methods and
Applications
6. I.G. Nagarath and D.P. Kothari: Power System Engineering, Tata Mc
GrawhillPublishingCompany

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 9 16
2 9 16
3 9 16
4 9 16
5 9 16
Total 45 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page18of42

RELIABILITYENGINEERING
ELECTIVEI
Lecture : 3
Tutorial : 1
Practical : 1.5

Courseobjective:
To strengthen the knowledge of probability theory by introducing the concept
of reliability engineering applicable to the physical systems especially at
differentlevelofelectricpowersystems.
1. Reviewofprobabilitytheory (4hours)
1.1. Probability concepts, permutation and combination, practical
engineeringconcepts,Venndiagrams
1.2. Rules for combining probabilities, independent, mutually exclusive,
complimentary, conditional events, application of conditional
probability
1.3. Probability distributions: random variables, density distribution
functions,mathematicalexpectation,varianceandstandarddeviation.
2. BinomialdistributionanditsApplications (4hours)
2.1. Binomial distribution: concepts, properties, general characteristics,
binomialcoefficients,expectedvalueandstandarddeviation
2.2. Applications in engineering system evaluation, economic implications,
identicalandnonidenticalunits,COPT
3. Networkmodelingandanalysisofsimplesystems (4hours)
3.1. Modelingconceptsforreliabilityevaluations
3.2. Series,parallelandseriesparallelsystems
3.3. Redundancy:standbyredundancy,impactofredundancy,perfectand
imperfectswitching
4. Modelingandanalysisofcomplexsystems (8hours)
4.1. Modelingandevaluationconceptsforcomplexsystems
4.2. Conditional probability approach, cut set and tie set methods,
connectionmatrixtechniques,eventtreeandfaulttreemethods
5. Probabilitydistributioninreliabilityevaluation (4hours)
5.1. Distribution concepts, terminology, general reliability functions,
evaluationtechniques,shapes
5.2. Poissondistribution,relationshipwithbinomialdistribution
5.3. Normal and exponential distributions, probability density functions, a
priori and a posterior probability, normal distribution and probability
densityfunction,meanvalueandmeantimetofailure.
5.4. Other distributions: Weibull, Gamma, Rayleigh and Log Normal
distributionandtheirapplicationinelectricpowerchange.
6. Systemreliabilityevaluationusingprobabilitydistribution (4hours)
6.1. Series,parallelandpartiallyredundantsystems,meantimetofailure
6.2. Standby systems: perfect and imperfect switching, effect of spare
components,failureinstandbymode
7. DiscreteMarkovchains (4hours)
7.1. General modeling concept, STPM, time dependent probability
evaluation
7.2. Limiting state probability, absorbing states, applications of discrete
Markovtechniquesinsystemreliabilityevaluation
8. ContinuousMarkovprocesses (4hours)
8.1. General modeling concepts, transition rates, time dependent and
limitingstateprobabilities,STTP
8.2. State space diagram: single, two and three components repairable
systems,missionorientedsystems
8.3. Evaluation of time dependent state probabilities by differential
equationsmethodandmatrixmultiplicationmethods
8.4. Reliability evaluation of repairable systems, MTTF, application in
complexsystem
9. Frequencyanddurationtechniquesforreliabilityevaluation(8hours)
9.1. BasicconceptsofF&Dtechniques,applicationinmultistateproblems,
frequency of encountering individual states, mean duration of
individual states, frequency of encountering cumulated states,
frequencybalanceapproach
9.2. Approximate reliability evaluation: series and parallel systems,
networkreductiontechniques,minimumcutsetmethod

Practical:
1. Evaluate the reliability of simple and complex systems using various
techniqueslikeseries/parallel,cutsetandtiesetmethods
2. ApplicationofdiscreteMarkovchainandcontinuousMarkovprocess,F&D
techniques, approximate reliability evaluation for complex engineering
system

Page19of42

References:
1. Roy Billinton and Ronald Allan, Reliability Evaluation of Engineering
Systems:ConceptsandTechniques,PlenumPublishers,NewYork,1992.

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 4
16 2 4
3 4
4 8 16
5 4
16
6 4
7 4
16
8 4
9 8 16
Total 44 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.


Page20of42

RURALELECTRIFICATION
ELECTIVEI

Lecture : 3
Tutorial : 1
Practical : 3/2

CourseObjectives:
Topresentasummaryofrurallivelihoodandtopresentthebasicconceptsof
ruralelectrificationanditsimpactuponthedevelopmentofruralcommunities
1. RurallivelihoodandSocial,culturalandhumanfactorsin
development (4hours)
1.1. Componentsofrurallivelihoodandlivelihoodindicators
1.2. Social,culturalandhumanfactorsindevelopment
1.3. Industrializationandurbanization
2. Electricityandruraldevelopment (4hours)
2.1. RuralelectrificationNationalobjectives,targetsandkeyplayers
(NationalWaterPlan)
2.2. Impactofelectrificationonruralandvillagelife
2.3. Enduseofelectricity
3. RuralelectrificationtechnologiesNepalesecontext (8hours)
3.1. Gridbasedruralelectrification
3.1.1. Utility operated: Voltage levels, Investment modality,
Constructionandoperationmodality,Consumerservices,tariffs
3.1.2. Community operated (CBRE, CBOM etc): Voltage levels,
Investment modality, Construction and operation modality,
Consumerservices,tariffs
3.2. ElectrificationthroughIsolatedhydropowerstations
3.2.1. Micro Hydro components (Civil, Mechanical and Electrical
componentsincludingT&Dnetwork)
3.3. Electrificationthroughalternativeenergysources
3.3.1. Solar(ComponentsofSolarHomesystem)
3.3.2. Wind(ComponentsofWindPower)
4. Environmentalconcerns,safetyconsiderationsandreliabilityindicesin
RE (8hours)
4.1. Environmentalconcernsinruralelectrification
4.2. EquipmentandhumansafetyinconstructionandoperationofRural
electrificationnetworkasperElectricityregulationNepal
4.3. PlantfactorofMicroHydroSchemes,loadfactor,loadcurveand
reliabilityindicesinRuralElectrification,SAIFI,SAIDI,CAIDI,ASAI
5. DesignofRuralElectrificationnetwork (10hours)
5.1. Loadpointsfixationincontourmapandloadcalculation
5.2. TransformerinstallationpointandLineroutefixation
5.3. Selectioncriteriaofdistributionsystemsingleorthreephase
5.4. Hardware in RE Networks: Poles and supporting accessories,
Conductors and Fixtures (Cross arm, clamps etc), Insulators,
Transformers, HT Metering units, Energy Meters, Current limiters,
Servicewire,Powercables,Isolators,Loadbreakswitches
5.5. ProtectionsystemofRENetworks:
5.5.1. 11/33 kV Feeder protection: Lightning arrestors, Circuit
breakers with tripping provision on Over current, Short
circuit,EarthFault
5.5.2. LVfeederprotection:ACBs,MCCBs,HRC/Kitkatfuses
5.5.3. Transformer (33/0.4 and 11/0.4 kV) protection: Lightning
arrestors,Dropoutfuses,MCCBs/HRCfuses
5.6. Load flow diagram preparation and Voltage drop calculation: kVA
kmconductorloading/Voltagedropcalculation
5.7. EconomicanalysisofRE
6. RENetworkoperation (10hours)
6.1. Loadmanagement:Loadswitching,Loadshedding,Peakloadtariff
6.2. Energylossmeasurementandmonitoring
6.2.1. Loadcurve,Loadfactor,lossfactorandEnergyLosscalculation
6.2.2. Meteringandmeasurement
6.2.3. ConditionmonitoringofREnetworkcomponents:Poles,
Jumpers,Insulators,Transformers,Distributionboxes,
Clearances,Feederloading
6.3. TypesoffaultsfrequentlyoccurinRENetwork
6.4. Correction,Correctiveactionandpreventiveactions
6.5. Metering,Billingandrevenuecollection
6.6. Inventorymanagement

Practical
1. Casestudiesinruralelectrification
TechnicalAspects
o Energylossofthenetwork
o QualityoftheserviceprovidedVoltage,frequencyand
interruptionfrequencyandduration
o ConditionmonitoringandRepairandmaintenanceofREnetwork
Page21of42

EconomicAspects
o Revenuegeneration
o Operatingexpenses
o CapitalInvestment
o Profitabilityofthescheme
SocialAspects
o EnergybasedEnterprisedevelopment
o EnergybasedIncomeGenerationactivitiesintroduced
o ImpactonsociallifeHealth,education,security,communication
Areporttobeproducedbyeachstudentoncasestudy

References:
1. ASPablaElectricPowerDistributionTATAMcGRAWHILL
2. BhjendraAryalCulturalandhumanfactorsinRuraldevelopment Dikshant
Prakashan
3. AEPC/ESAP Guideline for detailed feasibility study for projects from 100
kWto1000kW
4. Electricityregulation2050,Nepal
5. NationalwaterPlan,Nepal
6. SamudayikBidyutbitranniyamawali2060,NEA
7. ISO9001standard
8. AEPCstatus/progressreportsonrenewableenergy

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 4 8
2 4 8
3 8 16
4 8 16
5 10 16
6 10 16
Total 44 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.
Page22of42

ENGINEERINGPROFESSIONALPRACTICE
CE

Lecture : 2 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : II
Practical : 0

CourseObjective:
To familiarize the students with their roles in the society, ethical and legal
environment in which engineering is practiced, contract administration,
regulatoryenvironmentandcontemporaryissuesinEngineering.
1. HistoryofEngineeringPractices [3hours]
1.1. ManandSociety
1.2. TechnologyandSociety
1.3. HistoryofEngineeringPracticeinEasternSociety
1.4. HistoryofEngineeringPracticeinWesternsociety
1.5. EngineeringPracticesinNepal
2. ProfessionandEthics [6hours]
2.1. Profession:DefinitionandCharacteristics
2.2. ProfessionalInstitutions
2.3. RelationofanEngineerwithClient,ContractorandFellowEngineers
2.4. Ethics,CodeofEthicsandEngineeringEthics
2.5. MoralDilemmaandEthicalDecisionMaking
2.6. DetailedDutiesofanEngineerandArchitect
2.7. LiabilityandNegligence
3. ProfessionalPracticesinNepal [3hours]
3.1. PublicSectorpractices
3.2. PrivateSectorPractices
3.3. General Job Descriptions of Fresh Graduates in both Public and
PrivateSector
4. ContractManagement [6hours]
4.1. Methodsofworkexecution/contracting
4.2. TypesofContracts
4.3. TenderingProcedure
4.4. Contractagreement
5. RegulatoryEnvironment [5hours]
5.1. NepalEngineeringCouncilAct
5.2. LaborLaw
5.3. IntellectualPropertyRight
5.4. BuildingCodesandBylaws
5.5. CompanyRegistration
6. ContemporaryIssuesinEngineering [3hours]
6.1. GlobalizationandCrossCulturalIssues
6.2. PublicPrivatePartnership
6.3. Safety,RiskandBenefitAnalysis
6.4. DevelopmentandEnvironment
6.5. ConflictandDisputeManagement
7. CaseStudiesbasedonEngineeringPractices [4hours]

References:
1. Carson Morrison and Philip Hughes Professional engineering Practice
EthicalAspects,McGrawHillRyersonLtd.Toronto1982
2. Dr Rajendra Adhikari, Engineering Professional Practice Nepalese and
international Perspectives Pashupati Publishing House, Kathmandu Nepal
2010
3. M.Govindarajan;SNatarajanandV.S.Senthikumar.,Engineering Ethics
PHILearningPvt.Ltd.NewDelhi2009
4. NepalEngineeringCouncilAct
5. ContractAct
6. LaborAct
7. CompanyAct
8. CopyrightAct
9. PublicProcurementAct
10. BuildingByLaws


Page23of42

EvaluationScheme:
ThequestionswillcoverallthechaptersintheSyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow.
Chapter Hours
Marks
distribution
*

1 3 4
2 6 8
3 3 4
4 6 8
5 5 6
6 3 4
7 4 6
Total 30 40
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page24of42

HIGHVOLTAGEENGINEERING

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 0

CourseObjective:
Afterthecompletionofthiscoursethestudentwillgetthroughknowledgefor
differentcausesandtypesofovervoltages
breakdownmechanismsforgaseous,liquidandsoliddielectrics
HVAC/HVDCandimpulsetestingofInsulation
safetyagainsthighvoltage
1. Evolutionofpowersystem [6]
1.1. ClassificationofHighvoltages
1.2. EmergingTrendsinPowerSystems
1.3. HighvoltageACandHVDCsystems
1.4. basicintroductiontoFACTSdevices
1.5. HighvoltagepowercablesACandDC
2. Electricshocks [6]
2.1. Physiologicaleffectsofelectricshock,ventricularfibrillation
2.2. Firstaidforelectricshock
2.3. Safetyprecautionsandregulations
2.4. Earthing and shielding techniques for personnel and equipment
protection
2.5. Measurementsofearthresistivityandearthresistance
3. Overvoltagesinpowersystem [8]
3.1. Classificationofovervoltages;temporaryandtransientovervoltages,
internalandexternalovervoltages
3.2. Temporary Over Voltage ; Unsymmetrical faults in the system, High
capacitance of long EHV lines, Ferroresonance, Load rejection,
effectivegrounding,shuntcompensations
3.3. Switchingovervoltages;switchingsurgeratio,Energizinganunloaded
transmission line, Deenergizing the transmission line, Interruption
of capacitive current by circuit breaker, Current chopping by Circuit
breaker, Ferro Resonance, countermeasure to reduce switching over
voltages
3.4. Lightning over voltages; lightning phenomena, direct and indirect
lightning strokes, effect of ground wire and tower footing resistance
inlightningovervoltages
3.5. Protection principle against lightning, lightning and surge arrestors,
earthwire,groundingmast
4. Insulationcoordination: [4]
4.1. BasicInsulationlevelandbasicswitchinglevel
4.2. insulation coordination to different equipments; transformers, bus
structures,bushings,transmissionlines;
4.3. insulationprotectionlevelfortemporary,switchingandlightningover
voltages
4.4. surge protection: lighting and switching surge characteristics, horn
gaps,gradingrings,lightingarrestors
5. Highstresselectricfields [8]
5.1. review of electromagnetic field theory : electrostatic potential
difference, potential gradient, conducting and dielectric materials in
electricfields,polarization,leakageconductanceofdielectrics
5.2. electromagnetic fields near transmission lines; electromagnetic
induction in neighboring facilities such as communication circuits,
pipelinesorrailwaytracks
5.3. evaluation of electric field distributions, manual and computer flux
mappingandfieldcalculations
5.4. coronaandradiointerference
6. Dielectricbreakdowns [8]
6.1. electrical breakdown in gases: ionization and decay processes, high
field cathodic emission, secondary ionization and breakdown,
quenching, partial breakdown, the corona effect, polarity effects,
surgeeffects
6.2. electrical breakdown in insulating liquids: chemical breakdown of
liquids,presenceofimpurities,polarmoleculesanddielectricheating
inacfield
6.3. electrical breakdown in solid materials: surface tracking and
carbonization, air voids in solid insulating materials, effects of
electrical stress concentration, polarization, energy losses and
dielectricheatinginacfields
7. Introductiontohighvoltagetesting: [4]
7.1. breakdowntestingusinghighvoltageacanddcvoltagesandimpulse
voltages,
7.2. measurementofhighAC,DCandImpulsevoltages,standardizationof
testingprocedures
7.3. nondestructive testing of insulations: leakage current, dielectric loss
evaluation, partial discharge radio frequency sensing, impurity
Page25of42

monitoring of liquid and gaseous insulating materials, insulations


testingasroutinemaintenanceprocedures

References:
1. Highvoltageengineering,KamaRaju&Naidu
2. ExtraHighvoltageACTransmission,RakoshDasBegmudre
3. PowerSystemAnalysisbyW.D.Stevension,TataMcGrawHillPublications
4. PowerSystemStabilityandControlbyP.Kundur

EvaluationScheme:
ThequestionswillcoverallthechaptersintheSyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow.
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distribution*
1 6 8
2 6 8
3 8 16
4 4 8
5 8 16
6 8 16
7 4 8
*TherecouldbeaminordeviationinMarksdistribution

Page26of42

POWERPLANTDESIGN
EE

Theory : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : I
Practical : 3

CourseObjectives:
To study technical requirements and economic principles related to design of
powerplant,electricalsystems,switchyardsandplantdesignguidelines
1. EnergySourcesandelectricpowergeneration (8hours)
1.1. Renewable and nonrenewable energy sources Technology of
geothermal, tidal, wind, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic, thermal,
combustion,biothermal,combinedcycle,gasturbineandhydro
1.2. Operational characteristics of each of the technologies in power
system on the basis of reliability, forced and scheduled outages,
availability, ongrid and offgrid operation, operating range,
maintainability
1.3. Environmental aspects of each of the technologies, scope and
feasibilityinNepalesecontext
1.4. Cogeneration,captivegeneration,distributedgeneration
2. IntegratedSystemPlanningindesignapproach (4hours)
2.1. Loadforecast, systemexpansionplanning,loaduncertainties,system
security,balancingload,reservecapacity,spinningreserve,
2.2. Different technologies for stable system operation, benefits of
interconnectionofregionalutilities
3. HydroPowerplantdesign (8hours)
3.1. Power Plant sitting, hydropower plant selection, hydropower plant
designguidelines,civilstructuresandmechanicalequipment,location
andselectionofcivilstructures
3.2. Run of river (ROR), Pondage run of river (PROR), Reservoir and
Pumpingstationcomponents,operationandcharacteristics
3.3. Discharge exceedance (Q), Plant size and unit size, turbine selection,
minimum river discharge and environmental mitigation measures of
hydroprojects,
4. Electricsystemdesignofapowerplant (24hours)
4.1. ElectricalSingleLinediagram,devicesymbolsandnumbers,generator
andtransformerschemes,schemeselection
4.2. Generatorandtransformerspecification,operationandmaintenance
viewpoint
4.3. Governor and Excitation system, mode of operation, brushless and
staticexcitation
4.4. Protection systems for generator and transformer in different types
ofplants,generatorneutralgrounding,protectionstandards
4.5. LVswitchgear and station service, battery characteristicsandbattery
chargeroperation,firefighting
4.6. HV and MV Switchgear in power plants, HV switchyard, Switchyard
scheme,buslayout,auxiliaryandancillarysystems
4.7. Faultlevelcalculation
4.8. Earthingsystemdesignofpowerstationandsubstation
4.9. Protectionsystemdesignofgenerator
4.10. Switchyardandsynchronizingscheme
4.11. Powerevacuation&transmissionlineselection

PowerPlantDesignLaboratory
1. Designofahydropowerplantcivilandmechanicalcomponents
1.1. Analysis of hydrological data, topology, determination of discharge
andhead,siteselection
1.2. Selection of plant and unit size, selection and layout of hydraulic
structuresandapproximatesizing
1.3. Turbineselection
2. Designofahydropowerplantelectricalsystemdesign
2.1. Generatorandtransformerselection,specificationforprocurement
2.2. Faultlevelcalculationforswitchgear
2.3. Earthing system grid size and conductor size calculation, earth
resistancecalculation
2.4. Protection system connection diagram of generator protection,
settingsofgeneratorovercurrent,differential,reversepower,lossof
excitation,statorandrotorearthfaultrelays
2.5. Switchyardschemedesignandlayoutdesign
2.6. AuxillaryandAncillarySystem

References:
1. EngineeringandDesignofHydroelectricPowerPlantsUSArmyCorpsof
Engineers
2. TechnicalManualElectricalPowerPlantDesignDepartmentoftheUS
Army.
3. GuideforControlofHydroelectricPowerplantsIEEENo.10101987
Page27of42

4. GuideforsafetyinACsubstationgroundingIEEENo.802000.
5. WilenbrockandThomas'PlanningEngineeringandConstructionofelectric
PowerGeneratingFacilities"JohnWileyandSons
6. Marsh'EconomicsofElectricUtilitypowerGeneration"ClarendonPress
7. Dr.P.C.Sharma"PowerPlantEngineering"S.K.katariaandSons
8. GenerationandEconomicConsiderationsJ.B.Gupta
9. PowerPlantEngineeringAKRaja,AmitPrakashSrivastava,Manish
Dwivedi

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
distribution
*
1 8 16
2 4 8
3 8 16
4 24 40
Total 44 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.


Page28of42

TRANSMISSIONANDDISTRIBUTIONDESIGN
EE

Lecturer : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : II
Practical : 3

CourseObjectives:
To address general matters of electrical power and energy demand load
characteristics, technical requirements and economic principles related to
designoftransmissionlinesanddistributionsystems.
1. Introduction [4hours]
1.1. Advantagesofgridsystems
1.2. Transmissionlinedesign&planning
1.3. Technicalandeconomiccomparisonofacanddctransmission
1.4. Physical structures of transmission lines: ampacities, towers, sire
choices, insulation and protection against lightning, shielding,
grounding,saggingandclearances
1.5. Rightofwayandotherdesignandconstructionproblems,terrainand
weatherimplications
1.6. TransmissionsystemdesignforNepal
2. Transmissionvoltagelevelandnumberofcircuitselection [4hours]
2.1. Effect of voltage level in power and energy loss, conductor and
insulatoreconomy
2.2. Technical aspects of alternating current overhead lines: power and
VAR transmission capability as functions of line length, line
impedanceandvoltagelevel,
2.3. choiceofvoltagelevelfortransmissionforsingleandmultiplecircuit
3. Overheadlineinsulatordesign [8hours]
3.1. Factorsaffectinginsulatordesign
3.2. Airclearancecomputations,shieldwiresandtowergrounding
3.3. Overheadlineinsulatormaterial,typesofoverheadlineinsulators
3.4. Advantages of string insulators, string efficiency, string insulator
configurations
3.5. Selection of overhead line insulators considering continuous
operatingvoltageandovervoltages
4. Conductor&supportselections [10hours]
4.1. Electrical,mechanicalandeconomicalrequirements
4.2. Conductormaterialandpreliminarysizeselection
4.3. Meeting electrical requirements; voltage regulation, efficiency,
coronaetc.
4.4. conductorchoices,wiretypesandsize,bundledconductors
4.5. economicalsizedetermination
4.6. Routeselectionfortransmissionlines
4.7. Surveyingrequirementsfortransmissionlinedesignandconstruction
4.8. mechanical aspects; tensioning and sagging, stringing chart, supports
atunequallevel
4.9. tower design: span selection, ground clearance, moments acting on
towerandtowerstrengthcomputation
5. ElectricpowerDistribution [4hours]
5.1. Undergroundandoverheadlinessystems
5.2. Radialandnetworkedsystems.
5.3. Distributionequipment:overheadlines,singlephaseandtherephase
cables,distributiontransformers,switcher
5.4. Voltagelevels,regulation,compensation
5.5. Urbanandruraldistributionsystem
5.6. Rightofway, effects of terrain and weather and other construction
problems
5.7. DistributionpracticesinruralandurbanNepal
6. ElectricalloadsCharacteristics&Loadforecast [7hours]
6.1. Characterizationofloads:domestic,commercial,industrial
6.2. Time dependence of electrical loads: load duration curves, load
factor, daily variation, seasonal and annual variation, long and short
term prediction of load, effects of conservation, effects of rates,
diversity,loaduncertainty
6.3. CharacteristicsofelectricloadsinNepal
6.4. Loadforecastingtechniques,smallarealoadforecast
7. Distributionsystemdesign [5hours]
7.1. Loadcenterselection
7.2. Selectionofdistributiontransformerlocations,theirsizesandprimary
voltagelevel
7.3. selection of distribution line layout, distribution transformers,
overheadlinesand/orcablesprotection
7.4. evaluationofcapitalandoperationcosts

Page29of42

Practical:
A. Designofanoverheadtransmissionline (25hour)
1. EvaluationOfElectricalRequirements
2. ChoiceOfAcOrDc,VoltageLevel,Conductors,Insulators
3. RouteSelectionFormMaps
4. Civil And Mechanical Engineering Aspects: RightOfWay, Tower
Design,Tensioning,Sagging,ConstructionAspects
5. Electricalperformance:regulation,stabilitycompensation,protecton

B. Designofadistributionsystem (15hour)
1. EvaluationOfLoads:Growth,GeographicalDistribution
2. Selection Of Distribution Line Layout, Distribution Transformers,
OverheadLinesAnd/OrCablesProtection
3. EvaluationOfCapitalAndOperationCosts

References:
1. Elgerd,"ElectricEnergySystemsTheory,"McGrowHill
2. Stevnsion,"ElementsofPowerSystemAnalysis,"McGrowHill
3. Deshpande, "Elements of Electrical Power system Design," Pitman and
Sons
4. Marsh,EconomicsofElectricUtilityPowerGeneration,"ClarendonPress

EvaluationScheme:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distributions*
1 4 8
2 4 8
3 8 16
4 10 16
5 4 8
6 7 16
7 5 8
*TherecouldbeaminordeviationinMarksdistribution


Page30of42

ProjectII

Lecturer : 0 Year : IV
Tutorial : 0 Part : II
Practical : 6

CourseObjective:
To complete an electrical engineering project Planned in Project I under the
supervisionofaninstructor.Duringtheprojectstudentshavetocomeupwith
finaloutput.

Tasks: In the development of the project each group of students will be


expectedto:
1. ThiswillbethecontinuationofprojectI,startwithfulfillmentcomment(s)
inprojectI
2. Initiate and maintain contact through regular progress meetings with the
immediatefacultysupervisor
3. prepareperiodicprogressreportsfortheprojectsupervisor
4. carryoutsuchlaboratoryorfieldtestsasareappropriatefortheproject,It
isimportanttothatindustrybeinvolvedinthisareaasmuchaspossibleto
enhance contacts and provide a mechanism for interaction between
university and industry, and to encourage direct relevance of the projects
torealworldsituations
5. prepareaformalwrittenreportingoodengineeringstyleattheconclusion
oftheproject
6. present an oral report to faculty and peers on the results of the project
exercise


Page31of42

ElectiveII


Page32of42

ADVANCEDPOWERSYSTEMANALYSIS
EE.
Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjective:
1. ReviewoftransmissionLine (5hours)
1.1. Basicrelationshipintransmissionline
1.2. Uncompensatedline
1.3. LoadcompensationandSystemcompensation
1.4. SymmetricallineandmidpointvoltageofSymmetricalline
2. Conventionalmethodoftransmissionlinecompensation (8hours)
2.1. Shuntcompensation
2.2. Seriescompensation
2.3. Phaseanglecontrol
2.4. Effects f compensations on voltage regulation, transient stability and
voltagestability.
3. CompensationUsingPowerelectronicDevices (20hours)
3.1. ThyristorControlledReactor(TCR)
3.2. ThyristorSwitchedCapacity(TSC)
3.3. fixedCapacitorThyristorControlledReactor
3.4. SwitfhingConvertertypeVargenerator(STATCOM)
3.5. GTOControlledSeriesCapacitor(GCSC)
3.6. StaticSynchronousSeriesCapacitor(SSSC)
3.7. UnifiedPowerFlowController(UPFC)
3.8. Staticvoltageandphaseanglecontroller
4. ComputerSimulationStudy (12hours)
4.1. StudyonTCR,FixedCapacitorThyristorControlledReactor,STATCOM
4.2. Modelingofsynchronousmachineindg0frame
4.3. UseofMatLabSimulinkinpowersystemanalysis
4.4. Load flow analysis Gauss Siedal method, NewtonRaphson method
andFastDecoupledmethod.
4.5. RotorAngleStability
4.6. VoltageStability

Practical:Exercisedoncomputersimulation

References
1. JhonJ.GraingerandWilliamD.StevensonJr.,"PowersystemAnalysis",Mc
GrawHillint.
2. NarainG.HigoraniandLaszloGyugai,UnderstandingFACTS",IEEEPress
3. HadiSaadat,"PowerSystemanalysis",TATAMcGrawHill.
4. R.H. Miller, "Reactive power compensation in power system", Mc. Graw
Hill
5. P.s.Kundur,"PowerSystemStabilityandcontrol",Mc.GrawHill.Inc.

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapters Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 5 8
2 8 16
3 20 32
4 12 24
Total 45 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page33of42

BiomedicalInstrumentation

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5
CourseObjectives:

Toprovidespecificengineeringandinstrumentationmethodsandprinciplesto
the task of obtaining basic knowledge of design, application and maintenance
ofdifferentbiomedicalinstruments.
1. FundamentalofMedicalInstrumentation: (4hours)
1.1. BiomedicalEngineeringandAreasofEngineeringContribution
1.2. BiometricsandDesignConsiderationFactorsforMedicalInstruments
1.3. ManInstrumentSystemandtheirObjectives
1.4. ComponentsofManInstrumentSystem
2. BioelectricSignalsandElectrodes: (4hours)
2.1. BodySystemandBioelectricPhenomenon
2.2. SourcesofBioelectricSignals
2.3. RestingandActionPotentials
2.4. ElectrodeTheoryandtheirEquivalentCircuits
2.5. TypesofBiopotentialElectrodes
2.6. Applicationofelectrodesinmedicalinstrumentation
3. PhysiologicalTransducers: (4hours)
3.1. ClassificationofTransducers
3.2. PerformanceCharacteristicsofTransducers
3.3. ActiveTransducersandtheirApplicationinMedicalInstruments
3.4. PassiveTransducersandtheirTypesusedinMedicalInstruments
4. BioelectricSignalsMeasurementandRecordingSystem (10hours)
4.1. AspectsofBioelectricSignals
4.2. Electrocardiography(ECG)
4.2.1. NormalCharacteristicsofElectrocardiogram
4.2.2. ECGLeadConfigurationandRecordingTechniques
4.2.3. ComputerAidedElectrocardiographAnalysis
4.3. Electroencephalography(EEG)
4.3.1. ElectroencephalogramandEvokedPotential
4.3.2. EEGPreamplifierDesign
4.3.3. EEGElectrodeConfigurationandRecordingTechniques
4.3.4. PracticalDetailsofEEG
4.4. Electromyography(EMG)
4.4.1. ElectromyographyRecordingTechnique
4.4.2. ApplicationsofEMG
5. NonInvasiveDiagnosticInstruments (12hours)
5.1. BloodFlowMeasurement
5.1.1. MagneticBloodFlowmeter
5.1.2. UltrasonicBloodFlowmeter
5.1.3. BloodFlowMeasurementbyThermalConvection
5.1.4. BloodFlowMeasurementbyRadiographicMethod
5.2. DiagnosticMedicalImagingSystem
5.2.1. RadiographicImagingSystem
5.2.1.1. PrincipleofgenerationofXraysanditsmedical
properties
5.2.1.2. FunctionalXrayMachine
5.2.1.3. BiologicalEffectsofXrays
5.2.2. UltrasonographyImagingSystem
5.2.3. ComputerTomography(CTScan)System
5.2.4. MagneticResonanceImagingSystem(MRI)
5.2.5. NuclearMedicineMachine
6. TherapeuticInstruments (4hours)
6.1. FunctionofKidneys
6.2. PrincipleofArtificialKidneys
6.3. HeamodialysisMachine
6.4. TypesofDialyzers
6.5. Lithotripsyanditsprinciple
6.6. LithotripterMachine
6.7. DefibrillatorMachine
7. BiomedicalTelemetryandTelemedicine (3hours)
7.1. WirelessTelemetry
7.2. SingleChannelTelemetrySystem
7.3. MultichannelTelemetry
7.4. TelemedicineUsingMobileCommunicationEquipments
8. ElectricalSafetyofMedicalEquipment (4hours)
8.1. PhysiologicalEffectsofElectricity
8.2. LeakageCurrentsandMethodsofAccidentPrevention
8.3. MicroshocksandMacroshocksHazards
8.4. ElectricalSafetyCodesandStandards
8.5. SpecialSafetyMeasuresforElectricalSusceptiblePatients
Page34of42

8.6. PowerDistributionandProtectionSystemoftheHospital

Practicals:
Threepracticalexercisesbasedonavailabilityoftheportablemedical
instruments,clinicalbasedequipmentandFieldVisittoMedicalInstitutionand
relatedFieldVisitReportandVivaVoce.

References:
1. BiomedicalInstrumentationandMeasurementsLeslieCromwell,etAl,
PrenticeHall,India
2. AHandBookofBiomedicalInstrumentation,RSKhandpur,TataMcGraw
Hill

EvaluationScheme

chapters hours Marksdistribution


*
1 4 6
2 4 8
3 4 10
4 10 16
5 12 24
6 4 8
7 3 4
8 4 4
Total 45 80
Page35of42

AppliedPhotovoltaicEngineering

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5
CourseObjectives:
1. Thesunandthesolarspectrum (4hours)
1.1. Electromagneticspectrum
1.2. EffectsofEarthatmosphere,orbitandrotationoninsolation
1.3. Estimationandmeasurementofsolarradiation
1.4. Calculationofenergyavailableinaplace;radiationoninclined
andhorizontalplane,yearlyenergyavailableinplace
1.5. ModelsandSoftwareforassessingthesolarenergy
2. Semiconductorsforphotovoltaics (4hours)
2.1. pnjunctionforsolarcell,fundamentalconcept;IVandPV
characteristics
2.2. ModelofPVcells;shortcircuitcurrent,opencircuitvoltage,
fourparametermodel,equivalentcircuit,effectoftemperature
2.3. Fillfactor,efficiencyseries
2.4. Celltopanel,effectofshadingandmitigation
2.5. TestingofPVpanel
2.6. Modelandsimulation
3. ModernPVcelltechnology(4hours)
3.1. Thinfilmtechnology
3.2. Polycrystallinesilicon
3.3. Thinfilmsolarcell
3.4. EpitaxialfilmsincludingGaAsmoderncell
3.5. Solarpanelstandards
4. Powerelectronicsandcontrolofphotovoltaicsystem (8hours)
4.1. DcDcconverter(buck,boost,isolatingconverters)
4.2. Invertertopology
4.3. Singlestageandtwostagepowerelectronicsconfiguration
4.3.1. Controlofdcdcconverters:Maximumpowerpoint
trackingtechniques
4.4. ControlofInverters
4.4.1. Isolatedoperation
4.4.2. Gridconnectedoperation
5. IsolatedPVsystems (6hours)
5.1. Storagedevices:differenttypeofbatteries
5.2. Chargecontroller;principleandcircuitdiagram
5.3. UPSsystemwithPV:backtobackconvertertopology,charging
schemeofUPSbyPVandgrid,settingpriority
5.4. Waterpumping
6. GridConnectedPVsystem (8hours)
6.1. Phase,frequencyandvoltagematching
6.1.1. Grounding
6.1.2. Protection
6.1.3. Transientresponse
6.1.4. PowerFlowanalysiswithPVunits;
6.1.5. ShortCircuitanalysiswithPVunits;
6.1.6. Voltageprofile
6.1.7. GuidelineforPVintegration;penetrationlevel
6.2. Interconnectionstandards,codesandpractices
6.2.1. IEEE
6.2.2. IEC
6.2.3. UL
6.2.4. Voltageridethroughrequirements
6.2.5. others
7. DesignofPVsystem (4hours)
7.1. IsolatedPVsystemforresidence
7.2. GridconnectedPVsystem
7.3. Solarwaterpump
8. Socioeconomicaspects (4hours)
8.1. EconomicassessmentofPVpowersystem(Paybackperiod,
TotalOwnershipcostTOC,PresentworthfactorPWF)
8.2. EnvironmentalImpactanalysis(EIA)andsafetyofPVsystem
8.3. Production,recyclinganddisposalofPVsystem(PVpaneland
batteries)
8.4. LargescaleintegrationofPVintopowergrid

Page36of42

PracticalWorks(ExperimentandSimulation)
1. StudyofcharacteristicsofPVcellandmodule
- PlottingofIV,PVcurveondifferentinsolation
- DeterminationofparametersofPVpanel:shortcircuitcurrent,
opencircuitvoltage,seriesandshuntresistance
2. Designandsimulationofstandalonephotovoltaicsystem:use
suitablenumericaltools(suchasMaltlabSimulink,PSCAD)
3. DesignandsimulationofgridconnectedPVsystem:usesuitable
numericaltools(suchasMaltlabSimulink,PSCAD)
4. Casestudy:StudyoflargescalePVsystem(onefromworldand
Nepaleach)
5. Fieldvisit

Reference
1. Photovoltaicsystemanalysisanddesign,AKMukharji,PHI2011.
2. Kalogirou, S. A. Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems,
AcademicPress,2009,ISBN10:0123745012
3. Renewable and Efficient Electric Power Systems, G Masters, Wiley
Publication2004.
4. Messenger, R. A., Ventre, J., Photovoltaic Systems Engineering, 2nd
ed.,CRCPress,2003,ISBN10:0849317932
5. Foster,R.;Ghassemi,M.;Cota,A.;SolarEnergy:RenewableEnergy
andtheEnvironment,CRCPress,2009,ISBN10:1420075667

EvaluationScheme
SN Chapter Hours Marks
1 1 4 8
2 2 6 8
3 3 4 8
4 4 8 16
5 5 6 8
6 6 8 16
7 7 4 8
8 8 4 8

*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.

Page37of42

ElectiveIII

Page38of42

MICROHYDROPOWER
EE

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjective:
Tointroduceoperation,maintenanceanddesignaspectofMicroHydropower
plantincludingbasichydrologyandgeology.
1. MicrohydrobasicsandstatusinNepal (2hours)
1.1. Necessity of micro hydro power, Power from water, typical layout,
isolated /mini grid or grid connected scheme, Micro hydro design
approach, Status of micro hydro power development in Nepal and
agenciesinvolved.
2. Hydrologicalanddemandsurvey (7hours)
2.1. Plant factor and load factor, Hydrograph and flow duration curve,
Hydrological cycle, Matching power supply with demand, Capability
and demand survey, Methods of finding ADF (annual average daily
flow), Methods of head measurements, Methods of flow
measurements, load demand curves of various loads, Peak demand
forecasting, Optimum generating installed capacity, Geological
consideration.
3. Turbines,drivesystemandgovernors: (9hours)
3.1. Turbine types for micro hydro, their constructional features and
operational characteristics, Effect on efficiency during part flow
conditions,Nomogramandturbineselection,Comparisonofcosts of
theturbines
3.2. Introduction to drive system, Various drive arrangements and their
features,Driveproblem,Designparametersforadrivesystem
3.3. purpose of speed governing, Various governing mechanisms,
Electrical load controller as a governor in micro hydro, Ballast load,
water cooled and air cooled ballasts, Effect of ballast on generator
sizing,Ballastsizing.
4. Generatorsandvoltageregulators (9hours)
4.1. Choice between AC and DC, Synchronous generator specifications,
Brushlesssynchronousgeneratorand itsoperationalfeatures,voltage
regulation,Automaticvoltageregulator(AVR),Practicalconsideration
for AVR, Induction generator specifications and its operation,
Induction generator controller, Induction generator sizing, Sizing of
excitation capacitance, comparison of induction generator with other
systems, Mechanical consideration to be given to the induction
generators.
5. Switchgear,protectionandmeasurement: (4hours)
5.1. Isolators,fuses,mainswitches,Mouldedcasecircuitbreakers(MCCB),
OilandairCB,earthleakageCB,contactors,Undervoltagetrips,Over
voltage trips, Over current trips, temperature trips, lightening
protection, Earthing system, metering equipment, voltmeter,
ammeterAC and DC, Energy meter, speed meter, pressure gauge,
frequency meter, appropriate choice of switchgear, protection and
measurement.
6. Testing,Commissioning,OperationandMaintenance: (5hours)
6.1. Head works, Electromechanical equipment, Alternator, Loading
machineonmainload,Takingreadings,Settinguptrips.
6.2. Types of manualsoperation manual, component manual, installer
manual, preventive maintenance schedule, log sheet, repair manual,
training manual, responsibility of designers, installer and users as
regardstoOandM.
7. FinancialEvaluation,TariffdesignandIssuesinMicrohydro: (9hours)
7.1. Cost elements, The time value of money, compounding and
discounting,Futureandpresent values, Cash flows , Benefit cost
ratio, Net present value, Internal rate of return, Comparison with
alternatives
7.2. Tariff category, Principals of tariff design, Unit energy cost, Flat
powertariffVSenergytariff.
7.3. Issues: Reliability, funding requirement, Subsidy policy and
mechanism,CostperKW,Sustainability,Operationandmaintenance,
Localpeoplesparticipation,Enduseofelectricityforprojectviability.

Practical:
1 Flow and head measurement in actual site, load demand survey in actual
site.
2 Calculating and forecasting the peak demand and its matching by water
supply.
3 Turbineandgeneratorsizingandselectionvariousalternatives.
4 Approximatedesignofunitorwattagesubscriptioncategory(primarytariff)
5 Designing the basic hydraulic structures such as diversion weir, intakes,
desilitingbasins,canaltunnel,penstockpipe,reservoiretc.
Page39of42

6 TofindoutthetotalcapitalcostinvestmentandcalculatethecostperKW.
7 To find out total annual costs (annual fixed costs and annual operating
costs).
8 Todesigntariffcategoryandfixthechargesforeachcategories.

References:
1. Adam Harvey with Andy Brown, Priyantha Hettiarachi and Allen Inversin:
MicroHydroDesignManual,AGuidetoSmallScaleWaterPowerSchemes
(ITDGPublication).
2. D.P.Kothari,K.C.SingalandRakeshRanjan:RenewableEnergySourcesand
EmergingTechnologies,PrinticeHallofIndiaLtd.


EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:

Chapter Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 2
16
2 7
3 9 16
4 9 16
5 4
16
6 5
7 9 16
Total 45 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.


Page40of42

ARTIFICIALNEURALNETWORK
EE.
Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjective:
Tointroducetheconceptofartificialnetworkasanalternativeoptionsfor
solvingengineeringproblems.
1. Working with data: Data types; data, information and knowledge;
concept of data mining; Dimension reduction of data matrix: Principal
componentanalysis. (4hours)
2. Introducton of Artifical Neural Network (ANN): Biological Analogy, Historical
development;ANNterminology;networkstructure;basisfunctions;activation
functions;advantagesofANN;applicationareasofANN. (6hours)
3. Learningprocess&optimizationtechniques (10hours)
3.1. supervisedlearning:Errorcorrectionlearning,memorybasedlearning
3.2. unsupervisedlearning:Hebianlearning,competitivelearning
3.3. learningwithcritic
3.4. gradientdescentandleastmeansquare
3.5. Derivativefreeoptimizationtechniques:advantagesofderivativefree
techniques;geneticalgorithm:fundamentalofGAandbiological
background.;GAoperators&GAoperation.
3.6. Simulatedannealing:theoreticalbackgroundandalgorithm.
4. Supervisednetwork (8hours)
4.1. McCullotchandPittNeuron;LTUs,simpleperceptronandperceptorn
learning.Limitationofsimplepercepron.
4.2. ADDALINEnetworkanddeltarule
4.3. Multilayerperceptron:Needsofmultilayernetwork,generalizeddelta
rule(errorbackpropagation),effectofmomentumtermandlearning
rate
4.4. Error.backpropagationlearningofsigmoidalunits;drawbacksof
errorbackpropagatin
5. Unsupervisednetwork (4hours)
5.1. competitivenetwork:networkstructure&working;
5.2. dissimilaritymeasures;
5.3. SelfOrganizingMapandKohonenlearning;
5.4. applications
6. Specialnetworks: (4hours)
6.1. Radialbasisfunctionnetwork:structureandworkingprocedure,
advantages
6.2. LVQnetwork:structureandlearningapproach
6.3. Hopefieldnetwork
6.4. Autoassociativememorynetwork:generalstructureandPurpose,
Autocorrelator;Heterocorrelator
7. ApplicationofANNinElectricalEngineering (8hours)
7.1. Faultdiagnosis
7.2. Controlapplication
7.3. Networkplanning
7.4. Forecastingtask.
7.5. Stateestimation
7.6. Unitcommitment

Practical:
1. ComputersimulationofPCA.
2. Computersimulationofperceptronnetwork
3. computersimulationofbackpropagationnetwork
4. AShorttermcasestudydemonstratingANNapplicationforaspecificpurpose.

References::
1. SimonHykin,"NeuralnetworksAComprehensiveFoundation",second
edition;PearsonEducation.

EvaluationScheme:
Thequestionswillcoverallthechaptersinthesyllabus.Theevaluationscheme
willbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distributions
*
1 4 8
2 6 8
3 10 16
4 8 16
5 4 8
6 4 8
7 8 16
Total 44 80
Page41of42

WINDENERGYCONVERSIONSYSTEM
EE

Lecture : 3 Year : IV
Tutorial : 1 Part : II
Practical : 1.5

CourseObjectives:
Tointroducethetechnology,gridintegrationandenergyassessmentfor
thewindpowersystemtothefinalyearBEstudent.
1. WingPowerBasics (8hours)
1.1. Historicalevolutionofwindpowersystem
1.2. Changeinsizeandoutput
1.3. Windenergyconversionsystem:turbine,generator,power
electronics,grid
1.4. Windpowerplantandwindmill
1.5. Economics
1.6. Economics
1.6.1. Windfluctuations
1.6.2. Capacitycredits
1.6.3. Embeddedgenerationbenefits
1.6.4. Storage
1.7. Futuretrend:Cost,capacity,integrationissues.
2. Windenergyassessment (10hours)
2.1. PowerintheWind:temperature,altitudecorrection,impactof
TowerHeight
2.2. MaximumRotorEfficiency
2.3. AveragePowerintheWind
2.3.1. DiscreteWindHistogram
2.3.2. windPowerProbabilityDensityFunctions
2.3.3. WeibullandRayleighStatistics
2.3.4. AveragePowerintheWindwithRayleighStatistics
2.3.5. WindPowerClassification
2.4. simpleEstimatesofWindTurbineEnergy
2.5. AnnualEnergyusingAverageWindTurbineEfficiency
2.6. WindFarms
2.7. SpecificwindBurtinePerformanceCalcualtions:aerodynamics,
powercurveandWeibullstatistics
2.8. WindTurbineEconomics371
2.8.1. CapitalCostsand
2.8.2. AnnualCosta371
2.8.3. AnnualizedostofElectricityfromWindTurbines
3. Technologyofwindenergyconversionsystem (8hours)
3.1. WindTurbines
3.2. Generators
3.3. PowerElectronicsInterfaces
3.4. ClassificationofWECS
3.4.1. Fixedspeedbasedwindturbines
3.4.2. PartiallyratedConverterbased(FRC)WindTurbines
3.4.3. FullyRatedconverterbased(FRC)WindTurbines
4. IntegrationofWECS (8hours)
4.1. Interconnectionissues
4.2. Operationofoffgridmode:hybridsystem
4.3. Operationingridconnectedmode
4.4. Faultridethrough
5. Windpowerandelectricitymarkets (8hours)
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Theelectricalenergymarket
5.3. Balancing,capacityandancillaryservices
5.4. Supportmechanisms
5.5. Costs
5.6. Investmentandrisk
5.7. Thefuture

PracticalWorks
1. WindEnergyassessmentofthepartid\cularlocation
2. Analysisofdifferentwindturbinegenerationsystems
3. CaseStudyontechnologyandissuesrelatedgridintegrationof
WECS
4. MarketAnalysisofWECS

Page42of42

Reference:
1. Wind Power in Power Systems, edited by Thomas Ackermann, Wiley
publication,2ndedition,2004
2. Renewableandefficientpowersystem
3. Wind Energy: Fundamentals, Resource analysis and Economics, Mathew
Sathyajith,2006
4. Wind Energy Explained: theory, Design and Application, James F. Manwell,
JonG.McGowan,AnthonyL.Rogers,2010.

EvaluationScheme:
The questions will cover allthechapters in the syllabus. The evaluation
schemewillbeasindicatedinthetablebelow:
Chapter Hours
Marks
Distribution*
1 8 16
2 8 16
3 10 16
4 8 16
5 8 16
Total 40 80
*Theremaybeminordeviationinmarksdistribution.