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Subject Code : 14ELN15/25

IA Marks

: 25


: 04

Exam Hrs.

: 03

Total Hrs.

: 50

Exam Marks : 100


12 Hrs.

PN Junction diode: Reverse Bias, Forward Bias, Diode Relationship (numerical example).

Equivalent Circuit of Diode: Ideal Diode, Piecewise Linear Model, Dynamic Resistance, Approximate

Model (numerical examples). Zener Diode, Rectification: Half-wave Rectification: Ripple factor,

Power Conversion Efficiency, Full-wave Rectification: Ripple factor, Power Conversion Efficiency,

Bridge Rectifier and Rectifier with Centre-Tapped (CT) Transformer. Bipolar Junction Transistor: BJT

Construction and Operation: Biasing, Transistor Symbols, Operation, Early Effect. BJT Configurations

and Characteristics: Common Base(CB) Configuration, Common Emitter (CE) Configuration. DC

Biasing: Fixed Bias, Load line, Bias Stabilization by Emitter Resistance (Self-Bias), Voltage-Divider

Bias, Analysis Equation and Numerical Examples.



10 Hrs.

Introduction, OP-AMP Architecture, Differential Amplifier. Basic OP-AMP Circuits: Inverting

Amplifier, Virtual Ground, Non-inverting Amplifier. Linear Applications of OP-AMP: Summer

Circuit, Subtractor. Source Converters: Voltage Follower, , Current to Voltage converter, Voltage to

Current converter, Integrator and Differentiator, Numerical Examples.

CHAPTER 3 : Digital Electronics

14 Hrs.

Introduction. Switching and Logic Levels. Digital Waveform. Number Systems: Decimal

Number System, Binary Number System, Converting Decimal to Binary, Hexadecimal Number

System: Converting Binary to Hexadecimal, Hexadecimal to Binary, Converting Hexadecimal to

Decimal, Converting Decimal to Hexadecimal, Octal Numbers: Binary to Octal Conversion.

Complement of Binary Numbers. Boolean Algebra Theorems , De Morgan’s theorem. Digital

Circuits: Logic gates, NOT Gate, AND Gate, OR Gate, XOR Gate, NAND Gate, NOR Gate, X-NOR

Gate. Boolean Relations (Section 11.6) Algebraic Simplification (Section 11.7) NAND and NOR

Implementation (( Section 11.8): NAND Implementation, NOR Implementation. Half adder, Full

adder. Introduction to Flip-Flops (Section 12.1), NAND Gate Latch/ NOR Gate Latch (Section 12.3),

RS Flip-Flop(Section 12.4), Gated Flip-Flops: Clocked RS Flip-Flop (Section 12.5).


Introduction to Microprocessors, Evolution of Microprocessors, Microprocessor Architecture, Arithmetic Logic unit, Register Array, Timing and Control Unit , Working of Microprocessor. Introduction to Microcontrollers, Microcontroller Architecture, Working of Microcontroller.



8 Hrs.

Introduction, Elements of Communication Systems, Modulation: Amplitude Modulation, Spectrum Power, AM Detection (Demodulation), Frequency and Phase Modulation. Amplitude and Frequency Modulation: A comparison. Telephone Systems, Principle of operations of Mobile phone. Optical Fibre Communication: Block diagram of Optical Fibre Communication, Principle. Advantages of Optical Fibre communication, Applications of Optical Fibre communication.


Introduction, Passive Electrical Transducers, Resistive Transducers, Resistance Thermometers,

Thermistor. Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT). Active Electrical Transducers, Piezoelectric Transducer, Photoelectric Transducer.

6 Hrs.


1. D.P. Kothari, I.J.Nagrath, Basic Electronics : McGraw Hill Education(India)Private Limited

2. R.S. Goankar , Microprocessor Architecture,. Programming and Applications with 8085”, 6 th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2013

3. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded. Systems. Using Assembly and C. Second Edition, 2011.

Reference Books:

1. David Bell, Electronic Devices and Circuits: Oxford University Press, 5 th EDn., 2008.