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Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN9811
Data Configuration
Page1 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
References
GGSN9811 user manual
GGSN9811 trainees manual
Page2 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Master GGSN9811 data configuration steps
Master GGSN9811 data configuration method
Master GGSN9811 data relationships and parameters setting
Page3 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
2. GGSN9811 Data Configuration
Page4 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
1.1 APN
1.2 MS Access Mode
1.3 MS Address Allocation
1.4 VPN
Page5 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
APN Definition and Function
APN: Access Point Name
APN function:
Use APN to identify the GGSN in the GPRS/WCDMA
backbone
APN defines the external PDN which is connected to GGSN,
such as the ISP network and enterprise network
Page6 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
APN Structure
APN OI defines the external network
APN NI defines the GPRS backbone of GGSN
APN classification
General APN: local accessing
Area APN: home accessing
internet. mnc<MNC>.mcc<MCC>.gprs
APN Network
Identifier
APN Network
Identifier
APN Operator
Identifier
APN Operator
Identifier
Page7 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
APN Application
SGSN
MS
GGSN
DNS
R
o
u
t
e
r
traffic
www.yahoo.com
=211.*.*.*
Domain nameWWW.YAHOO.COM
APNcmnet
DNS
DNS of GPRS
INTERNET
www.yahoo.com
IP address=
211.*.*.*
DNS of GPRS
Core network
APN=GGSN IP
Page8 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
1.1 APN
1.2 MS Access Mode
1.3 MS Address Allocation
1.4 VPN
Page9 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Access Mode
Transparent mode
Fit for mobile operator acts as the ISP
The IP address allocate to the MS belong to the operators network
Generally, no need to authenticate the subscriber
None transparent mode
Fit for the mobile operator and ISP separate mode
The IP allocate to MS belong to the operator or ISP
Must authenticate the subscriber
Page10 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Access Mode
MS
GGSN
Radius
R
o
u
t
e
r
1. Create PDP context request
2. Create PDP context respond
traffic
Trans
Page11 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Access Mode
MS
GGSN
Radius
R
o
u
t
e
r
1. Create PDP context request
3. Create PDP context respond
traffic
Trans and Charging
Username and
password
2
.

C
h
a
r
g
i
n
g

Page12 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Access Mode
MS
GGSN
Radius
R
o
u
t
e
r
1. Create PDP context request
2
.
A
u
t
h
e
n
t
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

o
r

c
h
a
r
g
i
n
g
3. Create PDP context respond
traffic
None trans
Username and
password
Page13 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Access Mode
MS
GGSN
Radius
R
o
u
t
e
r
1. Create PDP context request
3. Create PDP context respond
traffic
Trans and authentication
Username and
password
2
.
A
u
t
h
e
n
t
i
c
a
t
i
o
n

o
r

c
h
a
r
g
i
n
g
Page14 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
1.1 APN
1.2 MS Access Mode
1.3 MS Address Allocation
1.4 VPN
Page15 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
MS Address Allocation
Static IP allocation
The subscriber get the IP address when the they subscribe the
data service
Dynamic IP allocation
Allocate by GGSN internal IP address pool
Allocate by RADIUS
Allocate by DHCP
Page16 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
1.1 APN
1.2 MS Access Mode
1.3 MS Address Allocation
1.4 VPN
Page17 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
VPN
VPN: Virtual Private Network
The subscriber get the IP address when the they subscribe the data service
Features
Address separation
Data security
Reachability inside VPN
VPN Classification
Layer 2 tunneling protocol
PPTP, L2TP
Layer 3 tunneling protocol
GRE
Page18 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
VPN GRE
GRE:
Network tunneling protocol (Generic Routing Encapsulation), GRE
can enable data packets encapsulated to transport on the IP network
When transporting in a tunnel, a packet needs to experience
the following two processes:
Encapsulation process
Decapsulation process
Page19 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN
GGSN
MS GGSN
R
o
u
t
e
r
Internet
(public IP and
router)
Fire (NAT)
Active
Active respond
(private IP=10.10.10.10)
10.10.10.10 = (211.136.19.176, port)
NO GRE (local)
Active respond
(private IP)
Active
GRE (remote)
Internet
(pubilc IP and
router)
www.yahoo.com 211.136.19.176(port) data
Wap gateway 10.10.10.10 data
www.yahoo.com 10.10.10.10 data
MS
GRE tunnel
Wap gateway
yahoo
R
o
u
t
e
r
2
Wap gateway ROUTER1 ROUTER2 10.10.10.10 data
R
o
u
t
e
r
1
Page20 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Typical Application
NO GRE and Trans
yahoo
GGSN
Internet
(public IP and
router)
Fire (NAT)
Active
Active respond
(private IP=10.10.10.10)
10.10.10.10 = (211.136.19.176,port)
www.yahoo.com
211.136.19.176
(port)
data 10.10.10.10 data
MS
APN: cmnet
www.yahoo.com
Page21 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Typical Application
GRE and no Trans
1.Active PDP context request
3.Active PDP context respond
Username
and password
MS
GGSN
R
o
u
t
e
r
Internet
(public IP and
router)
Wap
gateway
GRE tunnel
Wap
gateway
R
o
u
t
e
r

10.10.10.10 ROUTE
R
Gi IP Wap gateway data
R
o
u
t
e
r

Radius
10.10.10.10 dat
a
10.10.10.10 data Wap gateway
encapsulation
decapsulation
Page22 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
1. Basic Concept
2. GGSN9811 Data Configuration
Page23 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page24 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Example
U
H
P
U
U
G
T
P
CG
ROUTER
AAA
SGSN
GGSN
internet
10.220.154.1/24 10.220.154.2/24
10.99.75.138/24
10.99.77.111/24
10.99.76.2/24
10.99.76.1/24
10.99.75.137/24
10.99.77.110/24
LPU
SPU SRU
gnif 217.164.95.80/32
gaif 10.99.75.3/32
giif 10.99.77.10/32
gif
GTP-C217.64.95.67/24
GTP-U217.164.95.65/24
217.164.95.66/24
Page25 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page26 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Interface List
Eth 1/0/3
Eth 1/0/2
Eth 1/0/1
Eth 1/0/0
Physical
Interface
The MS downlink data package will be
transferred from G interface
Gif Gi
The logical interface is Giif when
GGSN9811 communicate with AAA server
Giif Gi
The logical interface is Gaif when
GGSN9811 communicate with CG
Gaif Ga
The logical interface is Gnif when
GGSN9811 communicate with SGSN
Gnif Gn
Remark Logical
Interface
Interface
Page27 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Interface IP List
10.99.76.1/24 Eth 1/0/3
10.99.77.110/24 Eth 1/0/2
10.99.75.137/24 Eth 1/0/1
217.164.95.80/32 Gnif
None
10.99.77.10/32
10.99.75.3/32
10.220.154.1/24
IP
Gif
Giif
Gaif
Eth 1/0/0
Interface
Page28 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Commands
Configure the interface
ADD INTF
Active the interface
ACT INTF
Configure the IP address of the interface
ADD IP
Page29 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Configuration Sequence
Physical Interface
Gnif
Giif
Gaif
Giif
Page30 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Physical Interface
Use Ethernet to identify the physical interface, configured on LPU
board and occupy specific physical port, the later logical interface
will use the physical interface to forward the external data
package
Step
Create the interface which connect to SGSN, LPU slot number is 1 and port
number is 0
ADD INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/0";
Active this physical interface
ACT INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/0";
Configure the IP and mask of this interface
ADD IP: INTFN=ethernet1/0/0, IPADDR=10.220.154.1,
MASK=255.255.255.0";
Page31 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Physical Interface
Create the interface which connect to CG, LPU slot number is 1 and port number is 1
ADD INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/1";
Active this physical interface
ACT INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/1";
Configure the IP and mask of this interface
ADD IP: INTFN=ethernet1/0/1, IPADDR=10.99.75.137, MASK=255.255.255.0";
Create the interface which connect to AAA, LPU slot number is 1 and port number is
2
ADD INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/2";
Active this physical interface
ACT INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/2";
Configure the IP and mask of this interface
ADD IP: INTFN=ethernet1/0/2, IPADDR=10.99.77.110, MASK=255.255.255.0";
Page32 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Physical Interface
Create the interface which connect to PDN, LPU slot number is 1
and port number is 3
ADD INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/3";
Active this physical interface
ACT INTF: INTFN=ethernet1/0/3";
Configure the IP and mask of this interface
ADD IP: INTFN=ethernet1/0/3, IPADDR=10.99.76.1,
MASK=255.255.255.0";
Page33 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gnif
LPU SPU
Physical interface
Gn interface
Data
Gnif interface is used in GTP protocol stack, SGSN resolves this
APN domain name then gets this IP address
The data package receives from SGSN will conduct GTP
encapsulation in this interface
The data package sends to SGSN will conduct GTP decapsulation
in this interface
Gnif interface
Basic concept
Page34 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gnif User Plane Networking
LPU1 IP x.x.x.x Gnif IP
Nhop Mask Des
LPU1
SGSN9810 GGSN9811
ULPI
SPU
Gnif
UHPU
MS
UHPU IP Gnif IP
LPU2
MS IP data
ULPI x.x.x.x UHPU
Route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0
Nhop Mask Des
Sina IP MS IP data Sina IP GTP head
GTP-U data
ROUTE
Gnif IP MS IP data Sina IP GTP head
GTP-U data
encapsulation decapsulation
decapsulation decapsulation
UHPU IP
sina
uplink
downlink
MS IP data Sina IP
Page35 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gnif Control Plane Networking
LPU
SGSN9810 GGSN9811
ULPI SPU
Gnif
UGTP UHPU
encapsulation
decapsulation
uplink
downlink
decapsulation
LPU1 IP x.x.x.x Gnif IP
Next hop Mask Des
ULPI x.x.x.x UGTP
Next hop Mask Des
GTP-C data
UGTP IP Gnif IP Signal GTP head Signal
GTP-C data
UGTP IP Gnif IP Signal GTP head Signal
encapsulation
MS
Page36 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gnif Data Configuration
Gnif is used to identify the Gn logical interface and configured
on SPU board, it does not occupy the physical port. It is the
source IP or destination IP of the GTP package
Step
Create the Gnif interface, the slot number is the odd SPU slot number
ADD INTF: INTFN="gnif3/0/0";
Configure the IP address and mask of the Gnif interface
ADD IP: INTFN=gnif3/0/0, IPADDR=217.164.95.80",
MASK="255.255.255.255";
Configure the GTP protocol parameter:
SET GTP: ESW=ON, INTV=60, T3=10, N3=5, PRISW=OFF, PRIID=0,
IDLSW=OFF, IDLE=48
Page37 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Giif
LPU SPU
Physical interface
Gi interface
Data
Giif interface is used in Radius protocol stack
If the APN service requires authenticationaccountingauthorization,
GGSN will send message to Radius after it receives PDP active
request from MS. In this message, the IP address is Giif IP.
If the APN doesnt need AAA service, then this IP will not be configured
Giif interface
Radius
Basic concept
Page38 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Giif
Giif is used to identify the Gi logical interface and configured
on SPU board, it does not occupy the physical port. It is just
configured when you have the AAA server
Step
Create the Gnif interface, the slot number is the odd SPU slot number
ADD INTF: INTFN="giif3/0/0";
Configure the IP address and mask of the Gnif interface
ADD IP: INTFN=giif3/0/0, IPADDR=10.99.77.10",
MASK="255.255.255.255";
Page39 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gaif
Gaif is used to identify the Ga logical interface and configured
on SPU board, it does not occupy the physical port.
Step
Create the Gaif interface, the slot number is the odd SPU slot number
ADD INTF: INTFN="gaif3/0/0";
Configure the IP address and mask of the Gnif interface
ADD IP: INTFN=gaif3/0/0, IPADDR=10.99.75.3", MASK="255.255.255.255";
Configure the CG information
ADD CHGCG: IP="10.99.75.138", PRO=TCP, CGR=R4;
Page40 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gif
Basic concept
LPU SPU
Physical interface
G interface
Data
RouteMS IP network segment G_IP
conduct GTP encapsulation
RouteSGSN_Gn network segment Nhop
transfer GTP package to SGSN
RouteOther network segment Nhop
other datagram route
Page41 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gif
Concept
Physical interface
G interface
LPU SPU
SGSN
Gif interface
Gnif interface
Data
Other router
GGSN is a router with GPRS functionso there are two kinds
of data to come in GGSN: the IP package (black line) which
sends to MS and ordinary data package (red line). None but
the MS IP package needs to be transfer to Gnif interface to
conduct GTP encapsulation, ordinary data package neednt
Page42 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gif
G interface is an inner interface of the equipment, its a
logical interface, identified by Gif.
Step
Create the Gif interface
ADD INTF: INTFN="gif0";
Configure the route information of UE address for UE downlink
data
ADD IPRT: IP="192.168.10.0", MASK="255.255.255.0", PREF=1,
OP=REJECT, OUTOP=INTF, INTFTYPE="Gif0";
Page43 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page44 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Commands
Add a static route
ADD IPRT
Remove a static route
RMV IPRT
Query the route table information
LST IPRT
Query the detailed route table
information
LST IPRTDET
Page45 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN9811 Route Table
GGSN G interface UE IP (downlink) 3
Router D CG 4
Router C AAA server 5
Router A Default routing
(uplink)
2
Router E UHPU UGTP 1
Nhop gateway Des IP No.
GGSN
R
o
u
t
e
r
Internet
(pubilc IP and
router)
GRE tunnel
WAP
gateway
R
o
u
t
e
r

B

R
o
u
t
e
r

A

SGSN
(1)
(3)
(2)
Router C
Router D CG
AAA
(4)
(5)
Router E
Page46 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN9811 Route Table
10.99.77.111
10.99.75.138
gif
10.99.76.2
10.220.154.1
Next Hop
MS downlink data package 10.168.10.0/24 3
To CG 10.99.75.0/24 4
To AAA server 10.99.77.0/24 5
To PDN Default route 2
To SGSN 217.164.95.0/2
4
1
Remark Des IP No.
Page47 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN9811 Route Table
The static route to SGSN
There are two static route to SGSN: GTP-C and GTP-U. they
are configured in the global route table
ADD IPRT: IP=X.X.X.X", MASK= ", OUTOP=GATEWAY,
GATEWAYIP=Y.Y.Y.Y";
X.X.X.X: GTP-U and GTP-C IP of SGSN
Y.Y.Y.Y: the SGSN ULPI IP which connect to GGSN LPU
ADD IPRT: IP=217.164.95.60", MASK=255.255.255.0 ",
OUTOP=GATEWAY, GATEWAYIP=10.220.154.1";
Page48 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN9811 Route Table
The downlink static route to the MS
ADD IPRT: IP="10.168.10.0", MASK="255.255.255.0",
OUTOP=INTF, INTFTYPE="gif", INTFNUM="0";
The static route to the AAA server
ADD IPRT: IP=10.99.77.0", MASK=255.255.255.0",
OUTOP=GATEWAY, GATEWAYIP=10.99.77.111";
The static route to the CG
ADD IPRT: IP=10.99.75.0", MASK=255.255.0.0",
OUTOP=GATEWAY, GATEWAYIP=10.99.75.138";
The static route to the PDN
ADD IPRT: IP=0.0.0.0", MASK=0.0.0.0", OUTOP=GATEWAY,
GATEWAYIP=10.99.76.2";
Page49 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page50 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Example (Base on the previous
example)
U
H
P
U
U
G
T
P
CG
ROUTER
AAA
SGSN
GGSN
internet
10.220.154.1/24 10.220.154.2/24
10.99.75.138/24
10.99.77.111/24
10.99.76.2/24
10.99.76.1/24
10.99.75.137/24
10.99.77.110/24
LPU LPU
Eth_Trunk0
Eth_Trunk1
Eth_Trunk2
Eth_Trunk3
GTP-C217.64.95.67/24
GTP-U217.164.95.65/24
217.164.95.66/24
Page51 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Reliability Networking
Basic Concept
If the physical interface work abnormally, all of the service
connect to this equipment fail. The resolution is the reliability
networking which can bind two physical interfaces together with
one Eth_trunk, the two interface work in active and standby
mode, if the active one failed, system can switch to the standby
interface
At most, one Eth_trunk can bind with 16 physical interfaces, but
for the reliability networking, it is recommended to bind only two
physical interfaces with one trunk
One Eth_trunk has only one IP address, all of the interface bind
with the Eth_trunk has the same IP
Eth_trunk is identified by the trunk id which is from 0~15
Eth_trunk is a logical concept
Page52 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Reliability Networking
Step (just give the interface connect to SGSN)
Create the Eth_trunk logical interface
ADD INTF: INTFN = "Eth-Trunk0";
Active this Eth_trunk
ACT INTF: INTFN = "Eth-Trunk0";
Configure the IP address of this Eth_trunk
ADD IP: INTFN = "Eth-Trunk0", IPADDR = "10.220.154.2",MASK =
"255.255.255.0";
Set the Eth_trunk interface work in active and standby mode,
otherwise, all of the interface work in load sharing mode
SET TRKHAMODE: INTFN="eth-trunk0";
Page53 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Reliability Networking
Create the ethernet1/0/0 interface that should bind with the
Eth_trunk0
ADD INTF: INTFN = Ethernet1/0/0";
ACT INTF: INTFN = Ethernet1/0/0";
Create the ethernet2/0/0 interface that should bind with the
Eth_trunk0
ADD INTF: INTFN = Ethernet2/0/0";
ACT INTF: INTFN = Ethernet2/0/0";
Bind the two physical interface with this trunk
ADD ETHTRK: INTFN = "Ethernet1/0/0", TRKID = 0;
ADD ETHTRK: INTFN = "Ethernet2/0/0", TRKID = 0;
Page54 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page55 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Commands
Configure basic information about APN SET APN
Configure IP address pool for the APN SET POOL
Configure APN authentication information SET AUTH
Configure APN authentication security key SET AUTHSEC
Configure APN common user SET COMUSR
Configure APN accounting information SET ACCT
Configure APN accounting security key SET ACCTSEC
AAA Client function SET AAASIG
Set DNS configuration information SET DNS
Set default DNS configuration information SET DEFDNS
Page56 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
APN
SET APN
SET APN: APN="test", SM=NO, ACCESS=TNA,
IPADDRMODE=LOCAL;
LST APN: APN=test";
RMV APN: APN=test";
If the APN need VPN, bind the APN with the VPN instance
Page57 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
IP Pool
SET Pool
Address pool associates with APN
The different APN can not has the same address pool, if the APN bind
with different VPNI, they are allowed to has the same address pool
Example:
SET POOL: APN=huawei.com, PID=0, SID=0, IP=10.168.10.0",
LEN=100;
LST POOL: APN=huawei.com";
RMV POOL: APN=huawei.com", PID=0, SID=0;
Page58 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
AAA Authentication
SET AUTH & SET AUTHSEC
If the APN configuration is NT or TA, when the MS access the APN,
it need authentication, then we must configure the authentication
information
Step:
Configure the AAA server IP
SET AUTH: APN="huawei.com", VPNSW=NO,
MIP="10.99.77.111",BIP="10.99.77.112";
Configure the AAA server security key
SET AUTHSEC: APN="huawei.com", MSEC="chinahuawei",
BSEC="huaweichina";
Configure the default user name and password for this APN
SET COMUSR: APNNAME="huawei.com", USRNAME="ggsn",
PWD="ggsn";
Page59 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
AAA Accounting
SET ACCT & SET ACCTSEC
Step:
Configure the AAA server IP and accounting information
SET ACCT: APN="huawei.com", MIP="10.99.77.111", BIP="10.99.77.112",
VPNSW=NO, AT=FLOW, FVALUE=1024;
Configure the AAA server security key
SET ACCTSEC: APN="huawei.com", MSEC="chinahuawei",
BSEC="huaweichina";
Configure the AAA client features
SET AAASIG: APN="huawei.com", TRASW=YES, APN3GPP=NO,
ACCMSGSW=YES;
Page60 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
DNS
SET DNS
Configure the DNS information related to a specific APN
Configure DNS information after the APN configuration
Example:
SET DNS: APN=huawei.com", SW=LOCAL, MDNSIP="1.1.1.1",
BDNSIP="1.1.1.2";
LST DNS: APN=huawei.com;
RMV DNS: APN=huawei.com";
Page61 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
DNS
SET DEFDNS
Configure the default DNS information
Default DNS is a global information, any APNs can not get DNS
will use this DNS IP
Example:
SET DEFDNS: SW=LOCAL, MDNSIP="1.1.1.1", BDNSIP="1.1.1.2";
LST DEFDNS:
RMV DEFDNS:
Page62 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page63 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Concept
VPN instance
It needs to create a VPN instance before using GRE, there are
three parameters bind with this instance
VPN instance name (APN, interface, tunnel), G interface and Gi
interface may be included in the interface according to the
requirement
APN is used to judge the route of the uplink data package;
G interface is used to judge the route of the downlink data package
Gi interface is used between GGSN and AAA server
Tunnel is used to encapsulate the subscribers data package
Page64 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Between different APN, APN and global route is
separate entirely, they are sightless with each other
VPN
instance1
VPN
instanceN
APN1
APNn
Tunnel1
Tunnel2
G interface
Gi interface
G interface
Gi interface
Page65 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
APN1
Tunnel1
Tunnel2
ROUTER
Physical address of the tunnel
Network address of the tunnel
WAP
gateway
10.0.0.129
129.1.1.3
211.139.1.1/16 211.138.1.1/16
129.1.1.1
AAA
server
129.1.1.2 129.1.1.1
210.139.1.1/16 211.138.1.1/16
10.1.1.1
ROUTER
VPN
Route
Table
Page66 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Create VPN instance
Create a VPN instance
CRE VPNI: VIN="cmwap";
Specify the RD for the VPN instance
SET VPNRTDSTG: VPNI="cmwap", RTDSTG="10.100.1.1:1";
Page67 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Create GRE tunnel
Create virtual tunnel interface
ADD INTF: INTFN="tunnel1/0/0";
Set encapsulation mode of packets on Tunnel interface
SET TUNNELPROT: INTFN="tunnel1/0/0", PROTN=GRE;
Specify source addresses for a Tunnel
SET TUNNELSRC: INTFN="tunnel1/0/0", OP=INTF,
SRCINTFN="ethernet1/0/0";
Specify destination addresses for a Tunnel
SET TUNNELDES: INTFN=tunnel1/0/0, DESIP=211.139.1.1;
Configure network address
If static route is next hop mode, then configuring network address
here to be the next hop of GRE route. Otherwise, no more
configuration is needed here
Page68 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
APN binding VPN instance
Set APN name, and bind with a VPN instance
SET APN: APN="cmwap", SM=NO, ACCESS=NT,
ADDRMODE=LOCAL, VPNI="cmwap";
All of the activated data package whose APN is cmwap will be bind
with the cmwap VPN
Page69 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Binding Tunnel interface/G interface/Gi interface
SET VPNIBIND: INTFN="tunnel1/0/0", VIN="cmwap";
SET VPNIBIND: INTFN="gif10", VIN="cmwap";
SET VPNIBIND: INTFN="giif3/0/0", VIN="cmwap";
Giif doesnt need to bind with VPN if no GRE VPN to AAA server
Gnif interface should not be bind with VPN
Page70 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GRE VPN Configuration
Configuring VPN Route
Configure the route to wap gateway
ADD IPRTVPN: VPNN="cmwap", IP=0.0.0.0", MASK="255.255.0.0",
NHOP=GATEWAY, GWIP="129.1.1.2";
Note: Select tunnel not by destination address but APN
Configure the route to AAA server
ADD IPRTVPN: VPNN=cmwap, IP=10.1.1.1", MASK="255.255.0.0",
NHOP=GATEWAY, GWIP=129.1.1.3";
It doesnt needs to bind this interface with VPN if no GRE VPN to AAA server
Configure the downlink encapsulation route
ADD IPRTVPN: VPNN=cmwap, IP=MS network segment",
MASK="255.255.0.0", NHOP=INTF, INTFTYPE="gif", INTFNUM="10";
Configure route to PDN
Configure a default route, the upper router acts as gateway
Page71 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Contents
2 GGSN9811 Data Configuration
2.1 Configuration Example
2.2 Interface and IP Configuration
2.3 Route Table Configuration
2.4 Reliability Networking
2.5 APN Configuration
2.6 GRE VPN Configuration
2.7 Charging Configuration
Page72 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Configuration Sequence
GGSN Charging Principle
GGSN Charging Data Configuration
Page73 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
GGSN Charging Principle
GGSN just can export G-CDR
R98 CDR version:
CMCC V130
GSMV760
R99 CDR version:
TS32015V390TS32015V3A0
R4 CDR version:
TS32215V440
CDR format must match the peer CG
supporting
Page74 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
G-CDR Main Content
M field:
Record Type
Served IMSI
Served MSISDN
SGSN Address
Charging ID
GGSN Address
APN NI
Served PDP Address
List of Traffic Data Volumes
Record Opening Time
Duration
Cause for Record Closing
Record Extensions
Local Record Sequence
Number
SGSN PLMN Identifier
O field:
Network Initiated PDP Context
PDP type
APN Seletion Mode
Diagnostics
Node ID
C field:
Dynamic Address Flag
Record Sequence Number
Charging Characteristics
Page75 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
G-CDR and Partial CDR
In one PDP activate procedure, one entire CDR will be generated,
but for some reasons, the CDR is composed of several partial
CDRs, then the consolidation of partial CDRs is accomplish by CG
or BS
G-CDR closed reason:
termination of PDP context
any abnormal release
Note: At present, CDR closure result from abnormal interruption is looked as
normal active pause.
partial G-CDR generated reason:
data volume limit
time (duration) limit
maximum number of charging condition changes
management intervention
SGSN switch
The above restriction can be configured
Page76 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Management
GGSN
SGSN
Home
Roaming
Visiting
46000
46001
SGSN
Page77 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Other Billing Methods
Besides G-CDR, GGSN supports radius charging, content
charging and prepaid
Radius charging
In active procedure, GGSN will send a charging request package to
Radius, active succeed after its response, service is running, GGSN
must inform Radius often of data package usage
Content charging
Its analyze the subscribers service IP package deeply to master
usage of the subscriber on different service. Billing center shall
charge according to different service
Prepaid
In active procedure, GGSN send service usage to SCP to charging
Page78 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Configuration Sequence
GGSN Charging Principle
GGSN Charging Data Configuration
Page79 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
Configuration procedure
Confirm charging version
Confirm optional field which is provide in CDR format
Confirm normal charging characteristic
Confirm generated condition of partial CDR in three charging
characteristic
Confirm processing to charging characteristic in the three user
mode
Confirm information of CG
Confirm tariff parameters
Page80 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
Confirm charging version
Command: SET CHARGE:;
This command should consult with the peer CG
Confirm optional field which is provide in CDR format
Command: SET CHARGE:;
Optional field is O and C attribute field of CDR which is defined
in protocol, it will be configured by operators choice
Confirm normal charging parameter
Command: SET CHARGE:;
Including node ID, alarm threshold, time zone and generated
condition of partial CDR
Page81 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
Confirm generated condition of partial CDR in three
charging characteristic
Command: SET CHGTHRSHOLD:;
If this command is not configured, then use the
information configured in SET CHARGE
Partial CDR has different generating condition of the three
charging characteristic
Page82 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
Set the APN-based or global-based charging
characteristics
In three user mode, confirm its processing on charging
characteristic
Command: SET CHGCHARAC:;
GGSN divide user area to home subscriber, roaming subscriber
and visiting subscriber
MS will get the charging characteristic from SGSN, otherwise,
from GGSN
Page83 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
When a problem occurred on the charging server,
GGSN9811 uses a method called Radius charging
message retransmission to prevent the G-CDR from
losing
SET RADIUS
SET RADIUS : RETRY=3, TIMEOUT=10;
LST RADIUS
RMV RADIUS
Page84 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
Confirm information of CG
Command: SET CG:;
GGSN selects CG of different priority by data
configuration
Confirm tariff parameters
As same as the procedure in SGSN
Page85 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
SET FESTIVAL
E.g.
SET FESTVL: YEAR=2004, MONTH=1, DAY=1;
LST FESTVL;
RMV FESTVL: YEAR=2004, MONTH=1, DAY=1;
Page86 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
SET WEEKDAY
Define the workday and weekend in one week
E.g.
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=MON, TP=WORK;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=TUE, TP=WORK;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=WED, TP=WORK;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=THU, TP=WORK;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=FRI, TP=WORK;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=SAT, TP=WEEKEND;
SET WEEKDAY: WKD=SUN, TP=WEEKEND;
LST WEEKDAY:;
Page87 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
SET TARIFF
Define the tariff for different days.
E.g.
SET TARIFF: TP=WEEKEND, ST=0, ET=7;
SET TARIFF: TP=WORK, ST=7, ET=21;
SET TARIFF: TP=FESTIVAL, ST=21, ET=23;
LST TARIFF:;
RMV TARIFF:;
Page88 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Data Configuration Procedure
SET CG
Add CG information which is connected with
GGSN9811
E.g
SET CG: IP="10.3.10.4", GRD=0, TP=UMTS;
Related commands:
LST CG:;
RMV CG: IP="10.3.10.4";
Page89 Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
Summary
After this slides, you know the important part and parameter
of the data configuration, and you can complete the
exercise in the trainees manual
Thank you
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