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Bicol University

College of Industrial Technology


Legazpi, City










SUSPENSIO
N SYSTEM



Submitted by:
JINKY M. RODRIGUEZA
SALLY M. GUIANAN
MAIE- TLE



Submitted to:
Prof. NICANOR B. BALBIN, MAIE
PROFESSOR




What is the function of suspension system?

Support vehicle height.
Reduce the effect of the shock forces.
Maintain correct vehicle ride height.
Control the vehicles direction of travel.
Maintain correct wheel alignment.
Keep the tires in contact with the road.

SUSPENSION- is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages
that connects a vehicle to its wheels.


Suspension System Components:
Springs
Coil
Leaf
Torsion bar
Torsion bar Suspension Systems*


Suspension System- Layout







SPRINGS

LEAF


SPRINGS
Spring Rate
Jounce
Rebound
Sprung Weight
Un-sprung Weight
Coil Springs*
Leaf Springs*
Air Springs



KINDS OF SPRING
COIL SPRINGS


LEAF SPRINGS

Leaf Springs
The leaf spring acts as a linkage for holding the axle in position and thus separate linkage
are not necessary. It makes the construction of the suspension simple and strong.
Acceleration and braking torque cause wind-up and vibration. Also wind-up causes rear-
end squat and nose-diving.

TORSION BAR

A torsion bar suspension, also known as a torsion spring suspension or torsion beam
suspension, is a general term for any vehicle suspension that uses a torsion bar as its
main weight bearing spring.


Different Suspension Systems:
Conventional suspension system
Independent suspension system
Air suspension system
Hydro elastic suspension system


Conventional Suspension System

Two wheels are mounted on either side of the rigid axle.
Rear driving wheels mounted on live axle suspended by laminated leaf springs and
shock absorbers.


Independent Suspension System
Both the front and the rear wheel are utilized.
One wheel goes down; the other wheel does not have much effect.

Basic Classification of Design

MacPherson Strut
Double Wishbone
Multi-link

Air Suspension System
Comprises of compressor, supplying air to air tank.
Pressure maintained 5.6 to 7 kg/sq. m
As load applied, air bags compressed actuating the leveling valve.


HYDRO ELASTIC SUSPENSION SYSTEM
Known as hydro-pneumatic suspension.
The nitrogen section is what has become the spring and damping unit whilst the fluid is
still free to run from the front to the rear units and back.


EXERCISE:
1. Give at least two (2) functions of suspension system.
2. What is suspension?
3. What are the components of suspension?
4. What are the different suspension systems?
5. What is hydro elastic suspension system?