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OYK INCORPORATEDi

HIGHWAY BNIDGES

H

20.A1 8,000

H 15J4 6,000

3 .!

LBS.

LBS.

14

W . TOTAL TBUCK

32,000 LBS

21,000 LBS.

WEIGHT OF

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ASSUMPTIONS

DATE: 9/22/2000

I. ASSUMPTIONS

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

Basic Tank Data:

Tank inside diameter = 107.0 ft

Water depth near wall = 30.00 ft (above floor)

Maximum water depth for overload = 31.00 ft (above floor)

Roof placed on top of wall

Distance from floor to top of wall = 31.00 ft

Center-to-center distance between interior roof supports = 21.00 feet

Superimposed roof load = 50.00 psf live load + 200.0 psf soil load + H2O truck loading

The corewall is of uniform thickness and poured in place.

Poured in place wall thickness = t wall = 10.00 in

Wall edge condition: neoprene pad supports

Prestressing Information:

Circumferential prestressing system: 0.3750" diameter galvanized strand.

Circumferential prestressing machine tolerance = 1.500%

Minimum ultimate strength of circumferential prestressing steel = 240.0 ksi

Prestressing stress loss = 25.00 ksi

Final shotcrete cover depth over prestressing = 1.500 in

Center-to-center distance between layers of prestressing = 0.7500 in

Minimum final circumferential compression for differential temperature and dryness:

Above grade = 200.0 psi

50.0 psi

Below grade =

Prestressing will taper from 200.0 psi to 50.00 psi over 6.000 ft beginning at the minimum backfill elevation

Vertical prestressing system: Dywidag threadbars

Minimum final vertical compression in corewall = 200.0 psi

Minimum ultimate strength of vertical prestressing steel = 150.0 ksi

Vertical prestressing stress tolerance = 1.500%

Maximum spacing of vertical prestressing = 50.00 in

Soil Information:

Backfill height = h backfill = 33.54 ft max. to 31.00 ft. min. (above floor)

Static equivalent liquid backfill pressure = 1192. psf (trapezoidal distribution)

Seismic equivalent liquid backfill pressure = 36.00 psf (inverted triangular distribution)

Backfill soil density = 130.0 pcf

Soil bearing capacity = 6000 psf (Gross) for Columns = 7000 psf (Gross) for Walls

ASSUMPTIONS

DATE: 9/22/2000

Misc. Information:

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

Concrete strength:

core-wall

= 4000 psi

shotcrete

= 4000 psi

columns

= 4000 psi

roof slab

= 4000 psi

footings

= 3500 psi

floor slab

= 3500 psi

sump

= 3500 psi

Slopes: center of floor to wall center of roof to wall

Thickness of floor slab = 6.000 in

Steel reinforcement required in floor slab for temperature and drying shrinkage = 0.5000%

Steel reinforcement required in wall footing for temperature and drying shrinkage = 0.5000%

Friction factor between floor and subgrade = 1.500

UBC 97 SEISMIC DESIGN

Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = C v x I

= 1.500% (+ = down, - = up) = 1.500% (+ = down, - = up)

R horiz x T

Effective seismic vertical acceleration

=

C v x I x B

R ver x T

T=[(4x (W S +W R +W I ))/grk] 1/2

Where,

W S = Weight of wall

= 1610. k (See Seismic Cable Design)

AWWA D110-95, Eq 4-8

W R = Weight of roof

= 3662. k (See Seismic Cable Design)

W I = Weight of water

= 1.686e+04 k (See Seismic Cable Design)

g

= acceleration due to gravity

=

32.20 ft/sec 2

r

= radius of tank at mid-height of wall

=

53.50 ft

k

= spring stiffness

Where,

k = 144 [A x E Cos 2 " + 2 x G x W x L p ]

L c x S c

A = area of strand

t x S p

AWWA D110-95, Eq 4-9

= 0.8900 in 2

E = modulus of elasticity

= 26 x 10 6 psi

" = angle of strand

= 45 0

L c = length of strand

= 27.13 in

REFERENCES

REVISED: 11/02/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

S c = spacing between stands

= 46.19 in

G

= shear modulus

=

52.00 psi

W

= width of bearing pad

= 6.000 in

L P = length of bearing pad

= 1.000 in

t = thickness of bearing pad

= 1.250 in

S P = spacing of bearing pad

= 1.000 in

k=

144 [0.08900 in 2 x 26 x 10 6 psi x Cos 2 45 0 + 2 x 52.00 psi x 6.000 in x 1.000 in]

27.13 in x 46.19 in

1.000 in x 1.000 in

k= 222.8 k

T=[(4x (1610. k + 3662. k + 1.686e+04 k)] 1/2 32.2 ft/s 2 x 53.50 ft x 222.8 k

T= 0.8512

Soil Profile = S B

Seismic Source Type = A/B

Z

= 0.40

Ca

= 0.40

Cv

= 0.60

I

= 1.25

R hor = 4.500

R vert = 3.00

Nv = 1.0

Na = 1.0

B = 2/3

U

o

= 0.1958 g

V

o

= 0.1958 g

AWWA SEISMIC DESIGN

Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = (Z H x I x C)/R H

Effective seismic vertical acceleration = (Z V x I x C)/R V

Where,

Z H = 0.4000 Z V = 0.2667

I = 1.000

C = 2.750 (conservative) R H = 4.500 R V = 3.000

U o = 0.2444 g V o = 0.2444 g

Adopt: Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = 0.2444g

Adopt: Effective seismic vertical acceleration = 0.2444g

Seismic spectral velocity = 1.250 ft/sec (at a convective period of 6.792 sec.)

II. REFERENCES

REFERENCES

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

A. Heins, C.P., and Firmage, D.A., Design of Modern Steel Highway Bridges . John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York (1979).

B. Park, R., and Gamble, W.L., Reinforced Concrete Slabs. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York (1980).

C. Nuclear Reactors and Earthquakes , Chap. 6 and Appendix F. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission publication, Division of Technical Information, TID-7024, National Technical Information Service (1963).

D. Wang, Chu-Kia, and Salmon, Charles G., Reinforced Concrete Design, third edition. Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc., New York, New York (1979).

E. Peck, Ralph B., Hanson, Walter E., and Thornburn, Thomas H., Foundation Engineering, second edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York

(1974).

F. Manual of Steel Construction, Eighth Edition, Chap. 5. American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc., Chicago, Illinois (1980).

G. Post-Tensioning Manual, Fifth Edition, Chap. 3. Post-Tensioning Institute, Phoenix, Arizona (1990).

H. ACI Manual of Concrete Practice, Part II. American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan (1983).

I. Jacobsen, Lydik S., "Impulsive Hydrodynamics of Fluid Inside a Cylindrical Tank and of Fluid Surrounding a Cylindrical Pier", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 39:189 (1949).

J. Handbook of Molded and Extruded Rubber, Second Edition. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio (1959).

K. AWWA Standard for Wire-Wound Circular Prestressed-Concrete Water Tanks, American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado (1995).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

III. TANK DESIGN NOMENCLATURE

a side of square area loaded by tire (ft).

a height of Whitney's stress block (in).

A b

A' b maximum area of the portion of the concrete anchorage surface for the vertical prestressing that is geometrically similar to and concentric with the area of the anchorage (in 2 ).

a

a

alpha

ratio of flexural stiffness of equivalent column to flexural stiffness of slab

alpha

bearing area of vertical prestressing anchorage (in 2 ).

plan area of one interior roof bay (ft 2 ).

area of reinforcing bar or prestressing tendon (in 2 ).

ratio of the flexural stiffness of column to flexural stiffness of slab (1).

(1).

bay

bar

c

ec

alpha

A

min

minimum alpha c to satisfy 1994 UBC, Section (1913.6.10(a)) (1).

area of concrete in compression for minimum eccentricity (in 2 ), area of core concrete column (in 2 ).

area of concrete in compression for balanced condition (in 2 ).

area of concrete in compression for maximum eccentricity (in 2 ).

area of column footing (ft 2 ).

gross cross-sectional area (in 2 ).

gross cross-sectional area of column strip (in 2 ).

gross cross-sectional area of middle strip (in 2 ).

area of tank roof supported entirely by interior columns (ft 2 ).

plan area one exterior roof bay at the longest end span (ft 2 ).

area of tank roof (ft 2 ).

plan area one exterior roof bay at the shortest end span (ft 2 ).

c

c,b

c,max

A

A

A

A

Ag

Ag

A

A

A

A

As area of reinforcing (in 2 ).

As

As

As

footing

g

column

middle

int

long

roof

short

drag

max

min

A shear

As

As

seismic

temp

A strand

As water

required area of reinforcing from ACI drag resistance formula (in 2 ).

maximum amount of reinforcing allowed (in 2 ).

minimum amount of reinforcing allowed (in 2 ).

web area of structural tubing resisting shear (in 2 ).

required area of reinforcing for seismic loads (in 2 ).

required area of reinforcing for temperature effects (in 2 ).

area of circumferential prestressing strand (in 2 ).

required area of reinforcing for water loads (in 2 ).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

A

t

A

v

b

BD

 

B d

 

beta

1

 

beta

a

b

f

b

w

C

C

c

C

c,b

 

C

c,max

 

C

m

Cs

initial

Cs

b,e

 

Cs

b,s

Cs

p

d

f

d

v

d

bar

 

d

column

 

delta

delta

comp

delta

b

delta

radial

delta

s

DL

 

d

tank

e

E

E

bar

 

e

b

e

initial

 

e

max

 

e

min

tributary area of roof (kips/lineal foot of wall).

required area of structural tubing for roof shear connection (in 2 ).

width of compression area of concrete section (in).

downward drag of backfill on tank wall (plf).

ratio of maximum factored axial dead load to maximum total factored axial load

(1).

factor defined in 1994 UBC, Section (1910.2.7.3).

ratio of distributed dead load to distributed live load on roof (1).

width of flange of structural tubing (in).

width of compression area for section in bending (in).

stiffness constant (in 4 ).

compressive force in concrete at minimum eccentricity (kips).

compressive force in concrete for balanced condition (kips).

compressive force in concrete at maximum eccentricity (kips).

column design constant (1).

initial compressive stress in tank wall (psi).

compressive stress due to seismic backfill pressure

compressive stress in wall due to static backfill pressure (psi).

compressive stress in wall due to circumferential prestressing (psi).

depth to tensile reinforcing for flexure (in).

depth to tensile reinforcing for shear (in).

diameter of reinforcing bar (in).

diameter of column (in).

initial deflection of column (in).

compressive deflection of bearing pad (%).

design moment magnification factor (1).

maximum inward wall movement (in).

positive moment magnification factor (1).

dead load (units as noted).

diameter of tank at mid height of wall (ft).

eccentricity of column axial load (in).

Modulus of Elasticity (psi).

Modulus of Elasticity of prestressing tendon (psi).

eccentricity of the axial load on the column which corresponds to the point of transition between the compression controls region and the tension controls region (in).

radial strain in bearing pad due to prestressing (1).

maximum radial strain in bearing pad (1).

eccentricity of the axial load on the column which corresponds to the point of transition between the maximum axial compressive strength controls region and the compression controls region (in).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

e temp

radial strain in bearing pad due to temperature effects (1).

EL earthquake load (units as noted).

fa allowable tensile force in reinforcing (psi).

F friction factor between floor and subgrade (1).

f'c compressive stress of concrete (psi).

f

permissible compressive stress in concrete at vertical prestressing anchorage (psi).

force in reinforcing steel (kips).

allowable shear stress in structural tubing

cp

s

v

F

F

fy yield strength of floor reinforcing (psi).

Fy summation of forces in the "Y" direction (lb).

fy yield strength of reinforcing or structural steel (psi).

gamma backfill weight density of soil backfill material (pcf).

gamma concrete weight density of concrete (pcf).

gamma equivalent backfill

equivalent liquid density of soil backfill material (pcf).

gamma

gamma

gamma

h

h

H

fraction of column moment transferred to roof slab through flexure (1).

weight density of fluid (pcf).

fraction of column moment transferred to roof slab through shear (1).

height of backfill above wall footing (ft).

side dimension of equivalent square column (in).

hoop force in wall from convective component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).

elevation of center of impulsive water mass above top of wall footing (ft).

hoop force in wall from impulsive component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).

hoop force in wall from vertical component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).

height of tank wall (ft).

height of normal fluid level above tank floor at wall (ft).

moment of inertia of gross cross section (in 4 ).

section property analogous to the polar moment of inertia

f

fluid

v

backfill

column

h

H

H

c

o

i

v

wall

water

gross

c

column

ec

slab

h

h

I

J

k stability factor for frame member (1).

K

K

K

flexural stiffness of column (k-ft).

flexural stiffness of equivalent column (k-ft).

stiffness of slab section (k-ft).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

K

L

t

2

L

2 '

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

LL

L

column

d

db

development

dh

drop

e,max

e,min

footing

hb

i,max

n

L

n '

L

L

Ls

L

M

n,e

n,i

splice

2b

M

M

M

M

M

Mn

M

M

M

M

M

c

d

f

footing

i

n,b

n,min

o

o,c

o,e

torsional stiffness of slab section (k-ft).

longer span length from center to center of supports in direction transverse from direction in which moments are being determined (ft).

shorter span length from center to center of supports in direction transverse from direction in which moments are being determined (ft).

length of column from top of footing to bottom of drop panel (ft).

basic tensile development length of reinforcing steel (in).

basic development length for reinforcing in compression (in).

required development length of column reinforcing in footing (in).

modified tensile or compression development length for standard hooks (in).

length of side of square drop panel (ft).

maximum exterior span length from center of column to center of wall (ft).

minimum exterior span length from center of column to center of wall (ft).

length of side of square column footing (ft).

basic development length for standard hook in tension (in).

maximum interior span length from center to center of column supports (ft).

live load (units as noted).

length of longer clear span in direction in which moments are being determined (ft).

length of shorter clear span in direction in which moments are being determined (ft).

maximum exterior clear span (ft).

maximum interior clear span (ft).

maximum dimension of floor slab (ft).

required length of splice for vertical column reinforcing (in).

required bending capacity of column due to distributed loads on roof, from ACI 318R-89, Section 13.6.3.3 (k-ft).

total required bending capacity of column due to all loads (k-ft).

required bending capacity of column due to initial deflection (k-ft).

moment transferred from column to roof slab through flexure (k-ft).

design bending moment in wall footing (lb-ft/ft).

moment in column due to inertia of the column under seismic loads (k-ft).

nominal bending capacity of section (k-ft/ft).

nominal bending capacity of the column at balanced condition (k-ft).

nominal bending capacity of the column at minimum eccentricity (k-ft).

nominal bending capacity of the column at maximum eccentricity (k-ft).

total factored static moment in roof slab in a cantilever span (k-ft).

total factored static moment in roof slab in an exterior span (k-ft).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

M o,i

total factored static moment in roof slab in an interior span (k-ft).

Mu factored design moment (k-ft/ft).

MUS minimum ultimate stress (psi).

M

moment in column due to inertia of the water around the column under seismic loads (k-ft).

n number of seismic cables required per set (ea).

Na

Na

Na

overhang distance from the exterior face of the corewall to the edge of the roof slab (in).

M

moment transferred from column to roof slab through shear (k-ft).

v

w

neutral axis location for column at balanced condition (in).

neutral axis location for column at maximum eccentricity (in).

neutral axis location for column at minimum eccentricity (in).

b

max

min

P

c

P

dt

P

dynamic

critical buckling load on column (k-ft).

prestressing force in tank wall for differential temperature and dryness effects (k/ft).

prestressing force in the tank wall for hydrodynamic hoop forces (k/ft).

PL point load on roof slab (lbs).

P

n,b

P

ol

P

pad,static

P

pad,seismic

P

service

sl

s,static

total

u

u,static

v

w,static

nominal axial capacity of column at balanced condition (kips).

prestressing force for hydrostatic overload (k/ft).

static vertical load on bearing pad (plf).

seismic vertical load on bearing pad (plf).

total unfactored service load on column footing (kips).

prestressing force for hydrostatic service load (k/ft).

static soil load on wall footing (psf).

total prestressing force required (kips).

factored axial demand on column (kips).

static structure load on wall footing (psf).

required vertical prestressing force (k/ft).

static water load on wall footing (psf).

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

r radius of gyration of column (in).

rho reinforcing ratio (1).

rho

rho

rho

rho

rho

R u

s length of prospective failure plane (ft).

S shape factor of bearing pad (1).

stress

stress

reinforcing ratio which produces a balanced strain condition (1).

maximum reinforcing ratio (1).

minimum reinforcing ratio (1).

column spiral reinforcing ratio (1).

density of fluid in tank (pcf).

coefficient of resistance (psi).

b

max

min

s

water

allowable compressive stress in bearing pad (psi).

compressive stress in bearing pad (psi).

allow

pad

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

S

s

S

y

t

drop

t

f

t flash coat

t

floor

t

footing

t

pad

t

roof

t roof pad

t

wall

t

wall,average

t

wall,base

t

wall,mid

t

wall,top

U

u

o

v

V

v

1,2

V

c

Vc

Vc

Vc

Vc

Vc

Vc

e,circle

e,square

e,straight

i,circle

i,square

i,straight

v

V

connection

convective

strain in reinforcing steel (in/in).

yield strain of reinforcing steel (in/in).

thickness of drop panel slab (in).

thickness of flange of structural tubing (in).

thickness of initial coating of shotcrete placed over corewall prior to wrapping (in).

thickness of floor slab (in).

thickness of footing (in).

thickness of bearing pad (in).

thickness of roof slab (in).

thickness of bearing pad between wall and roof (in).

thickness of the tank wall (in).

average thickness of the tank wall (in).

thickness of the cast-in-place corewall at the base (in).

thickness of the tank wall at midheight (in).

thickness of the cast-in-place corewall at the top (in).

total factored load on tank roof (units as noted).

horizontal acceleration of ground due to seismic excitation (ft/sec 2 ).

roof shear per lineal foot of tank wall (kips/ft).

total roof shear (kips).

maximum and minimum shear stress in roof slab due to column moment transfer (psi).

nominal capacity of concrete section in shear neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under circular twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under circular twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).

roof shear per connection (kips).

base shear due to weight of fluid acting convectively on the tank wall (kips).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

v

nominal shear capacity of footing under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (psi).

nominal shear capacity of footing under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (psi).

design shear in wall footing (lb).

base shear due to weight of fluid acting impulsively on the tank wall (kips).

c,square

v

c,straight

footing

impulsive

o

s

set

s,square

s,straight

e,circle

Vu

Vu

Vu

Vu

e,square

e,straight

i,circle

e,square

i,straight

u,square

u,square

u,straight

u,straight

pad

d

l

column

dead

drop

live

roof

slab

wall

water

V

V

Vn nominal shear capacity of section (kips/ft).

v

V

v

V

V

Vu factored design shear (kips/ft).

Vu

vertical acceleration of ground due to seismic excitation (ft/sec 2 ).

volume of spiral reinforcing (in 3 /in).

required capacity of one set of seismic cables (ft).

nominal shear capacity of reinforcing under square twoway action (kips)

nominal shear capacity of reinforcing under oneway action (kips)

factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to circular twoway action (kips).

factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to square twoway action (kips).

factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to oneway action (kips).

factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to circular twoway action (kips).

factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to square twoway action (kips).

factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to oneway action (kips).

factored shear stress on footing due to square twoway action (psi).

factored shear force on footing due to square twoway action (kips).

factored shear stress on footing due to oneway action (psi).

factored shear force on footing due to oneway action (kips).

Vu

v

V

v

V

w circular frequency of oscillation of fluid surface (rad/sec).

w

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

total width of bearing pads (in).

factored distributed dead load on roof for column design (psf).

factored distributed live load on roof for column design (psf).

effective weight of columns which is transferred to the roof diaphragm (kips).

total dead weight on tank roof (kips).

total weight of drop panels (kips).

total live weight on tank roof (kips).

total weight resisted by roof diaphragm (kips).

weight of roof slab excluding drop panels (kips).

total weight of tank wall (kips).

total weight of tank contents (kips).

NOMENCLATURE

DATE: 9/22/2000

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

X smaller dimension of rectangular area (in).

X

distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area at minimum eccentricity (in).

distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area for balanced condition (in).

distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area at maximum eccentricity (in).

location of centroid of roof mass above top of wall footing (ft).

sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression at minimum eccentricity (in).

sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression for balanced condition (in).

sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression at maximum eccentricity (in).

location of centroid of wall mass above top of wall footing (ft).

c

X

c,b

X

c,max

roof

s

s,b

s,max

wall

soil

wall

water

X

X

X

X

X

Y larger dimension of rectangular area (in).

Y

Y

Y

Y" distance from the base of the wall to the point of investigation (ft).

/0 shear angle of bearing pad (1).

/0 strength reduction factor for concrete design (1).

/0h angular amplitude of free oscillation at the water surface

/0M

relative location of center of soil pressure from toe of wall footing (1).

relative location of center of bearing pad from toe of wall footing (1).

relative location of center of water pressure from toe of wall footing (1).

o(max)

n(max)

maximum nominal bending capacity of the column with no axial load and reduced by the ACI capacity reduction factor (k-ft).

maximum nominal axial capacity of the column with no bending moment and reduced by the ACI capacity reduction factor (kips).

/0P

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

IV. FLAT SLAB DESIGN

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

The flat slab roof and column designs satisfy as a minimum the requirements of the ACI 318-95 and ACI 350-89. The Direct Design Method as outlined in the ACI 318-95, Chapter 19, is utilized for these designs.

A. Assumptions

Live Loads - Case [1]:

snow

= 0.0000 psf

peagravel

= 0.0000 psf

soil

= 100.0

psf

people

= 0.0000 psf

other misc. = 50.00

Live Load

psf

= 150.00 psf

Superimposed Dead Loads - Case [1]:

peagravel

= 0.0000 psf

soil

= 100.0

psf

other misc. = 0.0000 psf

Dead load

psf

= 100.0

Roof slab thickness

Drop panel thickness - t drop = 7.500 in

Drop panel size - L drop = 7.750 ft x 7.750 ft

Column diameters - d column

- t roof = 12.00 in

= 24.00 in (Interior)

= 24.00 in (Exterior)

Equivalent square column sizes - h column = 21.27 in (Interior)

= 21.27 in (Exterior)

Concrete weight = 150.0 pcf

All reinforcing bars are Grade 60.

Maximum span from center-to-center of supports:

interior bay - L i,max = 21.00 ft

exterior bay - L e,max = 15.70 ft (to centerline of wall)

Minimum span from center-to-center of supports:

exterior bay - L e,min = 10.16 ft (to centerline of wall)

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

B. Deflection Requirements

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO,CALIFORNIA

The minimum thickness of the two-way flat slab with drop panels will be investigated for interior and exterior spans as computed from ACI 318-95, Section 9.5.3.2.

basic minimum thickness for exterior span:

t roof(minimum) = L n,e /33

where,

L n,e = L e,max - (h column )/2

L n,e = 15.70 ft - (21.27 in x 1 ft) = 14.81 ft 2 x 12 in

t roof(minimum) = 14.81 ft x 12 in/ft = 5.387 in

33

ACI 318-95, Table 9.5(c)

basic minimum thickness for interior span:

t roof(minimum) = L n,i /36

where,

L n,i = L i,max - h column

L n,i = 21.00 ft - (21.27 in x 1 ft) = 19.23 ft 12 in

t roof(minimum) = 19.23 ft x 12 in/ft = 6.409 in

36

ACI 318-95, Table 9.5 (c)

In order to reduce the reinforcing requirements and provide a more ductile slab, a thicker slab will be provided.

ADOPT:

t roof = 12.00 in

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

C.

Factored Loads - Load Case [1]

The required capacity of the slab will be calculated in accordance with ACI 350-89, Sect.(2.6.5) and ACI 318-95, Section (9.2).

The shear load will be carried

Environmental Durability Factor per ACI 350.

U1 = 1.40 x DL + 1.70 x LL

ACI 350R-89, Sect. (2.6.5)

U2 = 1.05 x DL + 1.28 x LL + 1.40 x EL

ACI 350R-89, Sect. (2.6.5)

U3 = 0.90 x DL + 1.43 x EL

ACI 350R-89, Sect. (2.6.5)

by

the

concrete only and does

not require the

1. Dead load:

DL

= t roof x 150 pcf + superimposed dead load

= (12.00 in/12 in/ft) x 150.0 pcf + 100.0 psf

= 250.0 psf

ADOPT:

DL = 250.0 psf

DL drop = additional dead load at drop panels

= t drop x 150.0 pcf

= (7.500 in/12 in/ft) x 150.0 pcf

=

93.75 psf

ADOPT:

DL drop = 93.75 psf

2. Earthquake load:

EL

= v o x (DL + LL soil )

EL

= 0.2444 x (250.0 + 100.0) psf = 85.54 psf

ADOPT:

EL = 85.54 psf

3. ACI Factored Load

U1 shear = 1.40 x 250.0 psf + 1.70 x 150.0 psf = 605.0 psf

U2 shear = 1.05 x 250.0 psf + 1.28 x 150.0 psf + 1.40 x 85.54 psf = 574.3 psf

U3 shear = 0.90 x 250.0 psf + 1.43 x 85.54 psf = 347.3 psf

ADOPT:

U1 drop,shear = 1.40 x 93.75 psf = 131.3 psf

U2 drop,shear = 1.05 x 93.75 psf + 1.40 x (0.2444 x 93.75 psf) = 130.5 psf

U3 drop,shear = 0.90 x 93.75 psf + 1.43 x (0.2444 x 93.75 psf) = 117.1 psf

ADOPT:

U = 605.0 psf (load case U1)

U drop = 131.3 psf (load case U1 drop )

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

4. Vehicle Load

The vehicle loads will be calculated based on the load factors from ACI 318-95. Fo

a moving vehicle, the static load will also be scaled with an impact factor (I).

From Reference 1, the impact factors will be 1.0 and 1.3 for stationary and moving vehicles respectively.

Vehicle #1: 3.200e+04 lbs

I = 1.300

VL1

Ref. 1, EQ. (3.1)

u1

= 1.7 x I x vehicle weight

= 1.7 x 1.300 x 3.200e+04 lbs = 7.072e+04 lbs

= 1.28 x vehicle weight + 1.40 x (v o x vehicle weight)

= 1.28 x 3.200e+04 lbs + 1.40 x (0.2444 x 3.200e+04 lbs)

= 5.191e+04 lbs

VL = VL1 = 7.072e+04 lbs

VL1

u2

ADOPT:

5. Wheel Load

Rear wheel loads will be distributed as per AASHTO design vehicle loads (see Figure 3.1, Reference 1).

VL1 rear

= 0.4 x VL1

= 0.4 x 7.072e+04 lbs

= 2.829e+04 lbs

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

D. Shear Requirements - Load Case [1]

The shear strength under wide-beam action inside the drop panel and under two-way action inside and outside the drop panel will be investigated.

MECHANISM: An interior bay with a straight potential failure surface along the full width of the bay and located a distance d from the edge of the equivalent square column

Vu i,straight = U x L i,max x s 1 + U drop x L drop x s' 1 + V1

where, s 1

= (L i,max )/2 - (h column /2 + d)

= (L drop )/2 - (h column /2 + d)

s' 1

d = t roof + t drop - cover - 1.5 x d bar

ACI 318-95 Sect. (11.1.3.1)

= 12.00 in + 7.500 in - 2.000 in - 1.5 x 0.8750 in

= 16.19 in

s 1 = 21.00 ft/2 - (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 8.265 ft

s' 1 = 7.750 ft/2 - (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 1.640 ft

Vu i,straight = (605.0psf x 21.00ft x 8.265ft + 131.1psf x 7.750ft x 1.640ft + 7.072e+04

lbs)/(1000lbs/k)

= 177.4 k

Vc i,straight = 2 x %(f'c) x b w x (d - t drop )

where, b w = L i,max = 21.00 ft

ACI 318-95, EQ. (11-3)

Vc i,straight = (2 x %(4000psi) x 21.00ft x (16.19in - 7.500in) x 12in/ft)/(1000lb/k)

= 276.9 k

/OVc = 0.8500 x 276.9 k = 235.4 k > Vu i,straight

therefore, O.K.

MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a straight potential failure surface along the full width of the bay and located a distance d from the edge of the equivalent square column

The shear force in an exterior bay will be scaled by an additional factor for end effects

Vu e,straight = 1.15 x [U x L i,max x s 2 + U drop x L drop x s' 1 ] + V1

where, s 2 = L e,max /2 - (h column /2 + d)

d = 16.19 in

s 2 = 15.70 ft/2 - (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 5.615 ft

ACI 318-95, Sect. (11.1.3.1)

Vu e,straight = (1.15 x [605.0 psf x 21.00 ft x 5.615 ft + 131.3 psf x 7.750 ft x

 

1.640

ft] + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)

=

154.7

k

Vc e,straight = 2 x %(f'c) x b w x (d - t drop )

b w = L i,max = 21.00 ft

ACI 318-89, EQ. (11-3)

Vc e,straight = (2 x %(4000psi) x 21.00ft x (16.19in - 7.500in) x 12in/ft)/(1000lb/k)

= 276.9 k

/OVc = 0.8500 x 276.9 k = 235.4 k > Vu e,straight

therefore, O.K.

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

MECHANISM: An interior bay with a circular potential failure surface located a distance d/2 from the face of the column:

Vu i,circle = U x [L i,max 2 - x (s 3 /2) 2 ] + U drop x [L drop 2 - B x (s 3 /2) 2 ] + V1 ACI 318-95, Sect. (11.12)

where, s 3 = d column + d

= (24.00 in + 16.19 in)/(12 in/ft) = 3.349 ft

Vu i,circle = (605.0 psf x [(21.00 ft) 2 - B x (3.349 ft/2) 2 ] + 131.1 psf x [(7.750 ft) 2 - B x (3.349 ft/2) 2 ] + 7.072e+04lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)

= 338.9 k

Vc i,circle = 4 x %(f'c) x b o x d

where, b o = B x s 3 = x 3.349 ft = 10.52 ft

ACI 318-95, EQ. (11-38)

Vc i,circle = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 10.52 ft x 16.19 in x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)

= 517.0 k

/OVc = 0.8500 x 517.0 k = 439.5 k > Vu i,circle

therefore, O.K.

MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a circular potential failure surface located a distance d/2 from the face of an edge column:

Vu e,circle = 1.15 x [U x [L i,max x (L i,max + L e,max )/2

[L drop 2 - B x (s 3 /2) 2 ]] + V1

- B x (s 3 /2) 2 ] + U drop x

ACI 318-95, Sect. (11.12)

Vu e,circle =

(1.15 x [605.0 psf x [21.00 ft x(21.00 ft + 16.19 ft)/2 - B x(3.349 ft/2) 2 ] + 131.3 psf x [(7.750 ft) 2 - B x (3.349 ft/2) 2 ]] + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)

= 340.4 k

Vc e,circle = 4 x %(f'c) x b o x d

where, b o = B x s 4 = B x 3.349 ft = 10.52 ft

ACI 318-95, EQ. (11-38)

Vc e,circle = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 10.52 ft x 16.19 in x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)

= 517.0 k

/OVc = 0.8500 x 517.0 k = 439.5 k > Vu e,circle

therefore, O.K.

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

MECHANISM: An interior bay with a square potential failure surface located a distance

(d - t drop )/2 from the edge of the drop panel

Vu i,square = U x (L i,max 2 - (L drop + d - t drop ) 2 ) + V1

ACI 318-95, Sect. (11.12)

(605.0 psf x ((21.00 ft) 2 - (7.750 ft + (16.19 in - 7.500 in)/ (12 in/ft)) 2 ] + 7.072e+04 lbs) x 0.001 k/lb

= 294.1 k

Vc i,square = 4 x %(f'c) x b o x (d - t drop )

where, b o = 4 x (L drop + (d - t drop )/12)

ACI 318-95, EQ. (11-38)

= 4 x (7.750 ft + (16.19 in - 7.500 in)/(12 in/ft))

= 33.90 ft

Vc i,square = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 33.90 ft x (16.19 in - 7.500 in) x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)

= 893.9 k

/OVc = 0.8500 x 893.9 k = 759.9 k > Vu i,square

therefore, O.K.

MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a square potential failure surface located a distance

(d - t drop )/2 from the edge of the drop panel

Vu e,square = 1.15 x U x [L i,max x (L e,max + L i,max )/2 -

(L drop + d - t drop ) 2 ) + V1 ACI 318-95, Sect. (11.12)

= ((1.15 x 605.0 psf x [21.00 ft x (16.19 ft + 21.00 ft)/2 - (7.750 ft + (16.19 in - 7.500 in)/(12 in/ft)) 2 ]) + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)

= 288.9 k

Vc e,square = 4 x %(f'c) x b o x (d - t drop )

where, b o = 4 x (L drop + (d - t drop )/12)

ACI 318-95, EQ. (11-38)

= 4 x (7.750 ft + (16.19 in - 7.500 in)/(12 in/ft))

= 33.90 ft

Vc e,square = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 33.90 ft x (16.19 in - 7.500 in) x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)

= 893.9 k

/OVc e,square = 0.8500 x 893.9 k = 759.9 k > Vu e,square

therefore O.K.

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

E.

Moments in Roof Slab - Load Case [1]

The moments in the roof slab will be due to distributed loads and point loads. The design for bending due to distributed loads will be based on the ACI 318-95 Direct Design Method and ACI 350-89, Section 2.6.5.a. The moments caused by point loads (if required) will be calculated separately and superimposed upon the distributed load moments.

1. Factored load moments due to distributed loads:

U1 moment = 1.30 x U1 shear = 1.30 x 605.0 psf = 786.5 psf

U2 moment = 1.30 x U2 shear = 1.30 x 574.3 psf = 746.5 psf

U3 moment = 1.30 x U3 shear = 1.30 x 347.3 psf = 451.5 psf

ADOPT:

U1 drop,moment = 1.30 x U1 drop,shear = 1.30 x 131.3 psf = 170.6 psf

U2 drop,moment = 1.30 x U2 drop,shear = 1.30 x 130.5 psf = 169.7 psf

U3 drop,moment = 1.30 x U3 drop,shear = 1.30 x 117.2 psf = 152.3 psf

U = 786.5 psf (load case 1)

ADOPT:

U drop = 170.6 psf (load case 1)

M o,i = total factored static moment in an interior span per ACI 350-89,

Sect.2.6.5.a.

M o,i = (U x L 2 x L n,i 2 )/8 + U drop x L drop x (L drop - h column ) 2 /8

where, L 2 = L i,max = 21.00 ft

ACI 318-95, EQ. (13-3) CRSI Handbook-82, Sect. 10

M o,i = 786.5 psf x 21.00 ft x (19.23 ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k) + 170.6 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft - 21.27 in/12 in/ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

= 769.2 k-ft

M o,e = total factored static moment in an exterior span

M o,e = (U x L 2 x L n,e 2 )/8 + U drop x L drop x (L drop - h column ) 2 /8

where, L 2 = L i,max = 21.00 ft

ACI 318-95, EQ. (13-3) CRSI Handbook-82, Sect. 10

M o,e = (786.5 psf x 21.00 ft x (14.81 ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k) + 170.6 psf x 7.750 ft x(7.750 ft - 21.27 in/12 in/ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

= 459.0 k-ft

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

2. Service load moments due to distributed loads:

M o,i = total service load static moment in an interior span

M o,i = ((DL + LL) x L 2 x L n,i 2 )/8 + DL drop x L drop x (L drop - h column ) 2 /8 ACI 318-95, EQ. (13-3)

where, L 2 = L i,max = 21.00 ft

CRSI Handbook-82, Sect. 10

M o,i = (250.0 psf + 150.0 psf) x 21.00 ft x (19.23 ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

+

93.75 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft - 21.27 in/12 in/ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

= 391.4 k-ft

M o,e = total service load static moment in an exterior span

M o,e = ((DL + LL) x L 2 x L n,e 2 )/8 + DL drop x L drop x (L drop - h column ) 2 /8 ACI 318-95, EQ. (13-3)

where, L 2 = L i,max = 21.00 ft

CRSI Handbook-82, Sect. 10

M o,e = (250.0 psf + 150.0 psf) x 21.00 ft x (14.81 ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

+

93.75 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft - 21.27 in/12 in/ft) 2 /(8 x 1000 lb/k)

= 233.5 k-ft

Longitudinal Distribution of Total Factored Static Moment:

The total factored static moment in an INTERIOR span shall be distributed longitudinally based on ACI 318-95, Sect. (13.6.3.2).

Based on the ACI 318-95, Sect. (13.6.3.3), the total factored static moment in an EXTERIOR span shall be distributed longitudinally based on the support condition at the exterior edge of the slab. Due to the fact that the length of the end span varies depending on which column line is analyzed, the support condition will fall under one of two categories. For moderate to long end spans, the support condition for the exterior span is most accurately represented by Column (1) of Sect. 13.6.3.3. For short end spans, the support condition for the first interior span is most accurately represented by Column (3) of Sect. 13.6.3.3. Both cases will be completely investigated in the calculations which follow.

Transverse Distribution of Factored Moment:

The transverse distribution of the negative moment in interior spans, negative moment in exterior spans, and positive moment shall be as prescribed by the ACI 318-95, Sect. (13.6.4).

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

3. Moments due to vehicle load:

The moments due to the wheel load on the slab will be calculated based on the discussion in Reference 2, Sect. 3.5.2, concerning concentrated loads on slabs. Reference 2 applies specifically to one load applied to the slab. It is assumed that the one wheel load is applied at the point which causes maximum moment in the slab for positive or negative moments. These points are 0.50L and 0.25L respectively.

Based on this assumption, the second wheel should be at least 7 ft from the first. The fact that the second wheel will be located no less than 7 ft from the point which causes maximum positive moment will effectively reduce the positive moment caused by the second wheel to aproximately one third of that caused by the wheel which is located at 0.50L.

The negative moment will not be effected nearly as much by the location of the wheel load. Therefore, the conservative way to analize for the negative moment caused by two wheel loads will be to double the moment caused by one wheel load.

M v,c,i,neg = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an interior span

M v,m,i,neg = negative moment caused by vehicle load on middle strip in an interior span

M v,i,pos = positive moment caused by vehicle load on any strip in an interior span

M v,c,e,neg = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span

M v,m,e,neg = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span

M v,e,pos = positive moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span

a. Vehicle #1

a1 = %(VL1 rear /(tire pressure))

a1 = %(2.829e+04 lbs/40.00 psi) x 1 ft/12 in = 2.216 ft

For an Interior span:

a1/L i,max = 2.216 ft/21.00 ft = 0.1055

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = 0,

M1 v,c,i,neg /VL1 rear = 0.360

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)

M1

v,c,i,neg

= 2 x (M1 v,c,i,neg /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

= 2 x (0.360 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 213.9 k-ft

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = infinity,

M1 v,m,i,neg /VL1 rear = 0.231

M1

v,m,i,neg

= 2 x (M1 v,m,i,neg /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)

= 2 x (0.231 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 137.2 k-ft

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = 0,

M1 v,i,pos /VL1 rear = 0.210

M1

v,i,pos

= 1.333 x (M1 v,i,pos /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.43)

= 1.333 x (0.210 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 83.15 k-ft

For an Exterior span:

a1/L e,max = 2.216 ft/15.70 = 0.1412

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = 0,

M1 v,c,e,neg /VL1 rear = 0.350

M1

v,c,e,neg

= 2 x (M1 v,c,e,neg /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)

= 2 x (0.350 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 207.9 k-ft

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = infinity,

M1 v,m,e,neg /VL1 rear = 0.230

M1

v,m,e,neg

= 2 x (M1 v,m,e,neg /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)

= 2 x (0.230 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 136.6 k-ft

assuming alpha 1 = beta t = 0,

M1 v,e,pos /VL1 rear = 0.185

M1

= 1.333 x (M1 v,e,pos /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2

v,e,pos

Ref. 2, Fig. (3.43)

= 1.333 x (0.185 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb

= 73.25 k-ft

b. TABLE 1. Summary of Moments due to vehicle load:

Location

Factored Load Moment (k-ft)

Service Load

Moment

M

M

v,c,e,neg

v,m,e,neg

M v,e,pos

M

M

v,c,i,neg

v,m,i,neg

M v,i,pos

M1 v,c,e,neg x 1.3 = 266.4

M1 v,m.e,neg x 1.3 = 173.8

M1 v,e,pos

x 1.3 = 87.50

M1 v,c,i,neg x 1.3 = 278.1

M1 v,m,i,neg x 1.3 = 178.1

M1 v,i,pos

x 1.3 = 108.1

M1 v,c,e,neg /1.7 = 122.3

M1 v,m.e,neg /1.7 = 80.35

M1 v,e,pos /1.7 = 43.09

M1 v,c,i,neg /1.7 = 125.8

M1 v,m,i,neg /1.7 = 80.71

M1 v,i,pos /1.7 = 48.92

FLAT SLAB

REVISED: 02/02/2001

2.0 MG LESLIE LANE

ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA

F. Moment Summary

TABLE 2. Summary of Moments in Slab (worst case)

Factored Load

Service Load

Location

Equation for Moment

Moment

Moment

Exterior Column Strip - Top

or

Exterior Column Strip - Bottom

Exterior Middle Strip - Top

or

Exterior Middle Strip - Bottom

First Interior Column Strip - Top

First Interior Column Strip - Bottom

First Interior Middle Strip - Top

or

First Interior Middle Strip - Bottom

Interior Column Strip - Top

Interior Column Strip - Bottom

Interior Middle Strip - Top

Interior Middle Strip - Bottom

0.75 x 0.75 x M o,e,exterior + M v,c,e,neg 0.26 x 1.00 x M o,i,exterior + M v,c,e,neg

0.63 x 0.60 x M o,e,exterior + M v,e,pos

0.75 x 0.25 x M o,e,exterior + M v,m,e,neg 0.26 x 0.00 x M o,i,exterior + M v,m,e,neg

0.63 x 0.40 x M o,e,exterior + M v,e,pos

0.70 x 0.75 x M o,i,interior + M v,c,i,neg 0.65 x 0.75 x M o,i,interior + M v,c,i,neg

0.52 x 0.60 x M o,i,interior + M v,i,pos

0.70 x 0.25 x M o,i,interior + M v,m,i,neg 0.65 x 0.25 x M o,i,interior + M v,m,i,neg

0.52 x 0.40 x M o,i,interior + M v,i,pos

0.65 x 0.75 x M o,i,interior + M v,c,i,neg

0.35 x 0.60 x M o,i,interior + M v,i,pos

0.65 x 0.25 x M o,i,interior + M v,m,i,neg

0.35 x 0.40 x M o,i,interior + M v,i,pos

= 528.5 ft-k

253.6 ft-k

= 470.3 ft-k

224.0 ft-k

= 268.7 ft-k

131.3 ft-k

= 263.7 ft-k

124.2 ft-k

= 177.6 ft-k

80.37 ft-k

= 210.9 ft-k

101.9 ft-k

= 681.8 ft-k

331.3 ft-k

= 653.0 ft-k

316.6 ft-k

= 348.1 ft-k

171.0 ft-k

= 313.0 ft-k

149.2 ft-k

= 303.4 ft-k

144.3 ft-k

= 268.1 ft-k

130.3 ft-k

= 653.0 ft-k

316.6 ft-k

= 269.6 ft-k

131.1 ft-k

= 303.4 ft-k