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Loe _{O}
ASSUMPTIONS
DATE: 9/22/2000
I. ASSUMPTIONS
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
Basic Tank Data:
Tank inside diameter = 107.0 ft
Water depth near wall = 30.00 ft (above floor)
Maximum water depth for overload = 31.00 ft (above floor)
Roof placed on top of wall
Distance from floor to top of wall = 31.00 ft
Centertocenter distance between interior roof supports = 21.00 feet
Superimposed roof load = 50.00 psf live load + 200.0 psf soil load + H2O truck loading
The corewall is of uniform thickness and poured in place.
Poured in place wall thickness = t _{w}_{a}_{l}_{l} = 10.00 in
Wall edge condition: neoprene pad supports
Prestressing Information:
Circumferential prestressing system: 0.3750" diameter galvanized strand.
Circumferential prestressing machine tolerance = 1.500%
Minimum ultimate strength of circumferential prestressing steel = 240.0 ksi
Prestressing stress loss = 25.00 ksi
Final shotcrete cover depth over prestressing = 1.500 in
Centertocenter distance between layers of prestressing = 0.7500 in
Minimum final circumferential compression for differential temperature and dryness:
Above grade = 200.0 psi
50.0 psi
Below grade =
Prestressing will taper from 200.0 psi to 50.00 psi over 6.000 ft beginning at the minimum backfill elevation
Vertical prestressing system: Dywidag threadbars
Minimum final vertical compression in corewall = 200.0 psi
Minimum ultimate strength of vertical prestressing steel = 150.0 ksi
Vertical prestressing stress tolerance = 1.500%
Maximum spacing of vertical prestressing = 50.00 in
Soil Information:
Backfill height = h _{b}_{a}_{c}_{k}_{f}_{i}_{l}_{l} = 33.54 ft max. to 31.00 ft. min. (above floor)
Static equivalent liquid backfill pressure = 1192. psf (trapezoidal distribution)
Seismic equivalent liquid backfill pressure = 36.00 psf (inverted triangular distribution)
Backfill soil density = 130.0 pcf
Soil bearing capacity = 6000 psf (Gross) for Columns = 7000 psf (Gross) for Walls
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 1
ASSUMPTIONS
DATE: 9/22/2000
Misc. Information:
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
Concrete strength: 
corewall 
= 4000 psi 
shotcrete 
= 4000 psi 

columns 
= 4000 psi 

roof slab 
= 4000 psi 

footings 
= 3500 psi 

floor slab 
= 3500 psi 

sump 
= 3500 psi 
Slopes: center of floor to wall center of roof to wall
Thickness of floor slab = 6.000 in
Steel reinforcement required in floor slab for temperature and drying shrinkage = 0.5000%
Steel reinforcement required in wall footing for temperature and drying shrinkage = 0.5000%
Friction factor between floor and subgrade = 1.500
UBC 97 SEISMIC DESIGN
Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = C _{v} x I
= 1.500% (+ = down,  = up) = 1.500% (+ = down,  = up)
^{R} horiz ^{x} ^{T}
Effective seismic vertical acceleration
=
C _{v} x I x B
R ver x T
T=[(4 x (W _{S} +W _{R} +W _{I} ))/grk] ^{1}^{/}^{2}
Where,
W _{S} = Weight of wall
= 1610. k (See Seismic Cable Design)
AWWA D11095, Eq 48
W _{R} = Weight of roof
= 3662. k (See Seismic Cable Design)
W _{I} = Weight of water
= 1.686e+04 k (See Seismic Cable Design)
g 
= acceleration due to gravity 

= 
32.20 ft/sec ^{2} 

r 
= radius of tank at midheight of wall 

= 
53.50 ft 

k 
= spring stiffness 
Where,
k = 144 [A x E Cos ^{2} " + 2 x G x W x L _{p} ]
L _{c} x S _{c}
A = area of strand
t x S _{p}
AWWA D11095, Eq 49
= 0.8900 in ^{2}
E = modulus of elasticity
= 26 x 10 ^{6} psi
" = angle of strand
= 45 ^{0}
L _{c} = length of strand
= 27.13 in
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 2
REFERENCES
REVISED: 11/02/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
S _{c} = spacing between stands
= 46.19 in
G 
= shear modulus 

= 
52.00 psi 

W 
= width of bearing pad 
= 6.000 in
L _{P} = length of bearing pad
= 1.000 in
t = thickness of bearing pad
= 1.250 in
S _{P} = spacing of bearing pad
= 1.000 in
k=
144 [0.08900 in ^{2} x 26 x 10 ^{6} psi x Cos ^{2} 45 ^{0} + 2 x 52.00 psi x 6.000 in x 1.000 in]
27.13 in x 46.19 in
1.000 in x 1.000 in
k= 222.8 k
T=[(4 x (1610. k + 3662. k + 1.686e+04 k)] ^{1}^{/}^{2} 32.2 ft/s ^{2} x 53.50 ft x 222.8 k
T= 0.8512
Soil Profile = S _{B}
Seismic Source Type = A/B
Z 
= 0.40 

Ca 
= 0.40 

Cv 
= 0.60 

I 
= 1.25 

R _{h}_{o}_{r} = 4.500 

R _{v}_{e}_{r}_{t} = 3.00 

Nv = 1.0 

Na = 1.0 

B = 2/3 

U 
_{o} 
= 0.1958 g 
V 
_{o} 
= 0.1958 g 
AWWA SEISMIC DESIGN
Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = (Z _{H} x I x C)/R _{H}
Effective seismic vertical acceleration = (Z _{V} x I x C)/R _{V}
Where,
Z _{H} = 0.4000 Z _{V} = 0.2667
I = 1.000
C = 2.750 (conservative) R _{H} = 4.500 R _{V} = 3.000
U _{o} = 0.2444 g V _{o} = 0.2444 g
Adopt: Effective seismic horizontal acceleration = 0.2444g
Adopt: Effective seismic vertical acceleration = 0.2444g
Seismic spectral velocity = 1.250 ft/sec (at a convective period of 6.792 sec.)
II. REFERENCES
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 3
REFERENCES
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
A. Heins, C.P., and Firmage, D.A., Design of Modern Steel Highway Bridges . John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York (1979).
B. Park, R., and Gamble, W.L., Reinforced Concrete Slabs. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York (1980).
C. Nuclear Reactors and Earthquakes , Chap. 6 and Appendix F. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission publication, Division of Technical Information, TID7024, National Technical Information Service (1963).
D. Wang, ChuKia, and Salmon, Charles G., Reinforced Concrete Design, third edition. Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc., New York, New York (1979).
E. Peck, Ralph B., Hanson, Walter E., and Thornburn, Thomas H., Foundation Engineering, second edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, New York
(1974).
F. Manual of Steel Construction, Eighth Edition, Chap. 5. American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc., Chicago, Illinois (1980).
G. PostTensioning Manual, Fifth Edition, Chap. 3. PostTensioning Institute, Phoenix, Arizona (1990).
H. ACI Manual of Concrete Practice, Part II. American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan (1983).
I. Jacobsen, Lydik S., "Impulsive Hydrodynamics of Fluid Inside a Cylindrical Tank and of Fluid Surrounding a Cylindrical Pier", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 39:189 (1949).
J. Handbook of Molded and Extruded Rubber, Second Edition. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio (1959).
K. AWWA Standard for WireWound Circular PrestressedConcrete Water Tanks, American Water Works Association, Denver, Colorado (1995).
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 4
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
III. TANK DESIGN NOMENCLATURE
a side of square area loaded by tire (ft).
a height of Whitney's stress block (in).
A _{b}
A' _{b} maximum area of the portion of the concrete anchorage surface for the vertical prestressing that is geometrically similar to and concentric with the area of the anchorage (in ^{2} ).
a
a
alpha
ratio of flexural stiffness of equivalent column to flexural stiffness of slab
alpha
bearing area of vertical prestressing anchorage (in ^{2} ).
plan area of one interior roof bay (ft ^{2} ).
area of reinforcing bar or prestressing tendon (in ^{2} ).
ratio of the flexural stiffness of column to flexural stiffness of slab (1).
(1).
_{b}_{a}_{y}
_{b}_{a}_{r}
_{c}
_{e}_{c}
alpha
A
_{m}_{i}_{n}
minimum alpha _{c} to satisfy 1994 UBC, Section (1913.6.10(a)) (1).
area of concrete in compression for minimum eccentricity (in ^{2} ), area of core concrete column (in ^{2} ).
area of concrete in compression for balanced condition (in ^{2} ).
area of concrete in compression for maximum eccentricity (in ^{2} ).
area of column footing (ft ^{2} ).
gross crosssectional area (in ^{2} ).
gross crosssectional area of column strip (in ^{2} ).
gross crosssectional area of middle strip (in ^{2} ).
area of tank roof supported entirely by interior columns (ft ^{2} ).
plan area one exterior roof bay at the longest end span (ft ^{2} ).
area of tank roof (ft ^{2} ).
plan area one exterior roof bay at the shortest end span (ft ^{2} ).
_{c}
_{c}_{,}_{b}
_{c}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x}
A
A
A
A
Ag
Ag
A
A
A
A
As area of reinforcing (in ^{2} ).
As
As
As
_{f}_{o}_{o}_{t}_{i}_{n}_{g}
_{g}
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
_{m}_{i}_{d}_{d}_{l}_{e}
_{i}_{n}_{t}
_{l}_{o}_{n}_{g}
_{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}
_{s}_{h}_{o}_{r}_{t}
_{d}_{r}_{a}_{g}
_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{m}_{i}_{n}
A _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r}
As
As
_{s}_{e}_{i}_{s}_{m}_{i}_{c}
_{t}_{e}_{m}_{p}
A _{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{n}_{d}
As _{w}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{r}
required area of reinforcing from ACI drag resistance formula (in ^{2} ).
maximum amount of reinforcing allowed (in ^{2} ).
minimum amount of reinforcing allowed (in ^{2} ).
web area of structural tubing resisting shear (in ^{2} ).
required area of reinforcing for seismic loads (in ^{2} ).
required area of reinforcing for temperature effects (in ^{2} ).
area of circumferential prestressing strand (in ^{2} ).
required area of reinforcing for water loads (in ^{2} ).
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 5
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
A 
_{t} 

A 
_{v} 

b 

BD 

B _{d} 

beta _{1} 

beta _{a} 

b 
_{f} 

b 
_{w} 

C 

C 
_{c} 

C 
_{c}_{,}_{b} 

C 
_{c}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} 

C 
_{m} 

Cs _{i}_{n}_{i}_{t}_{i}_{a}_{l} 

Cs _{b}_{,}_{e} 

Cs _{b}_{,}_{s} 

Cs _{p} 

d 
_{f} 

d 
_{v} 

d 
_{b}_{a}_{r} 

d 
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} 

delta 

delta 
_{c}_{o}_{m}_{p} 

delta 
_{b} 

delta 
_{r}_{a}_{d}_{i}_{a}_{l} 

delta 
_{s} 

DL 

d 
_{t}_{a}_{n}_{k} 

e 

E 

E 
_{b}_{a}_{r} 

e 
_{b} 

e 
_{i}_{n}_{i}_{t}_{i}_{a}_{l} 

e 
_{m}_{a}_{x} 

e 
_{m}_{i}_{n} 
tributary area of roof (kips/lineal foot of wall).
required area of structural tubing for roof shear connection (in ^{2} ).
width of compression area of concrete section (in).
downward drag of backfill on tank wall (plf).
ratio of maximum factored axial dead load to maximum total factored axial load
(1).
factor defined in 1994 UBC, Section (1910.2.7.3).
ratio of distributed dead load to distributed live load on roof (1).
width of flange of structural tubing (in).
width of compression area for section in bending (in).
stiffness constant (in ^{4} ).
compressive force in concrete at minimum eccentricity (kips).
compressive force in concrete for balanced condition (kips).
compressive force in concrete at maximum eccentricity (kips).
column design constant (1).
initial compressive stress in tank wall (psi).
compressive stress due to seismic backfill pressure
compressive stress in wall due to static backfill pressure (psi).
compressive stress in wall due to circumferential prestressing (psi).
depth to tensile reinforcing for flexure (in).
depth to tensile reinforcing for shear (in).
diameter of reinforcing bar (in).
diameter of column (in).
initial deflection of column (in).
compressive deflection of bearing pad (%).
design moment magnification factor (1).
maximum inward wall movement (in).
positive moment magnification factor (1).
dead load (units as noted).
diameter of tank at mid height of wall (ft).
eccentricity of column axial load (in).
Modulus of Elasticity (psi).
Modulus of Elasticity of prestressing tendon (psi).
eccentricity of the axial load on the column which corresponds to the point of transition between the compression controls region and the tension controls region (in).
radial strain in bearing pad due to prestressing (1).
maximum radial strain in bearing pad (1).
eccentricity of the axial load on the column which corresponds to the point of transition between the maximum axial compressive strength controls region and the compression controls region (in).
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 6
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
e _{t}_{e}_{m}_{p}
radial strain in bearing pad due to temperature effects (1).
EL earthquake load (units as noted).
fa allowable tensile force in reinforcing (psi).
F friction factor between floor and subgrade (1).
f'c compressive stress of concrete (psi).
f
permissible compressive stress in concrete at vertical prestressing anchorage (psi).
force in reinforcing steel (kips).
allowable shear stress in structural tubing
_{c}_{p}
_{s}
_{v}
F
F
fy yield strength of floor reinforcing (psi).
Fy summation of forces in the "Y" direction (lb).
fy yield strength of reinforcing or structural steel (psi).
gamma _{b}_{a}_{c}_{k}_{f}_{i}_{l}_{l} weight density of soil backfill material (pcf).
gamma _{c}_{o}_{n}_{c}_{r}_{e}_{t}_{e} weight density of concrete (pcf).
gamma _{e}_{q}_{u}_{i}_{v}_{a}_{l}_{e}_{n}_{t} _{b}_{a}_{c}_{k}_{f}_{i}_{l}_{l}
equivalent liquid density of soil backfill material (pcf).
gamma
gamma
gamma
h
h
H
fraction of column moment transferred to roof slab through flexure (1).
weight density of fluid (pcf).
fraction of column moment transferred to roof slab through shear (1).
height of backfill above wall footing (ft).
side dimension of equivalent square column (in).
hoop force in wall from convective component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).
elevation of center of impulsive water mass above top of wall footing (ft).
hoop force in wall from impulsive component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).
hoop force in wall from vertical component of water during seismic excitation (k/ft).
height of tank wall (ft).
height of normal fluid level above tank floor at wall (ft).
moment of inertia of gross cross section (in ^{4} ).
section property analogous to the polar moment of inertia
_{f}
_{f}_{l}_{u}_{i}_{d}
_{v}
_{b}_{a}_{c}_{k}_{f}_{i}_{l}_{l}
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
h
H
H
_{c}
_{o}
_{i}
_{v}
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}
_{w}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{r}
_{g}_{r}_{o}_{s}_{s}
_{c}
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
_{e}_{c}
_{s}_{l}_{a}_{b}
h
h
I
J
k stability factor for frame member (1).
K
K
K
flexural stiffness of column (kft).
flexural stiffness of equivalent column (kft).
stiffness of slab section (kft).
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 7
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
K
L
_{t}
2
L
_{2} '
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
LL
L
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
_{d}
_{d}_{b}
_{d}_{e}_{v}_{e}_{l}_{o}_{p}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t}
_{d}_{h}
_{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}
_{e}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{e}_{,}_{m}_{i}_{n}
_{f}_{o}_{o}_{t}_{i}_{n}_{g}
_{h}_{b}
_{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{n}
L
_{n} '
L
L
Ls
L
M
_{n}_{,}_{e}
_{n}_{,}_{i}
_{s}_{p}_{l}_{i}_{c}_{e}
_{2}_{b}
M
M
M
M
M
Mn
M
M
M
M
M
_{c}
_{d}
_{f}
_{f}_{o}_{o}_{t}_{i}_{n}_{g}
_{i}
_{n}_{,}_{b}
_{n}_{,}_{m}_{i}_{n}
_{o}
_{o}_{,}_{c}
_{o}_{,}_{e}
torsional stiffness of slab section (kft).
longer span length from center to center of supports in direction transverse from direction in which moments are being determined (ft).
shorter span length from center to center of supports in direction transverse from direction in which moments are being determined (ft).
length of column from top of footing to bottom of drop panel (ft).
basic tensile development length of reinforcing steel (in).
basic development length for reinforcing in compression (in).
required development length of column reinforcing in footing (in).
modified tensile or compression development length for standard hooks (in).
length of side of square drop panel (ft).
maximum exterior span length from center of column to center of wall (ft).
minimum exterior span length from center of column to center of wall (ft).
length of side of square column footing (ft).
basic development length for standard hook in tension (in).
maximum interior span length from center to center of column supports (ft).
live load (units as noted).
length of longer clear span in direction in which moments are being determined (ft).
length of shorter clear span in direction in which moments are being determined (ft).
maximum exterior clear span (ft).
maximum interior clear span (ft).
maximum dimension of floor slab (ft).
required length of splice for vertical column reinforcing (in).
required bending capacity of column due to distributed loads on roof, from ACI 318R89, Section 13.6.3.3 (kft).
total required bending capacity of column due to all loads (kft).
required bending capacity of column due to initial deflection (kft).
moment transferred from column to roof slab through flexure (kft).
design bending moment in wall footing (lbft/ft).
moment in column due to inertia of the column under seismic loads (kft).
nominal bending capacity of section (kft/ft).
nominal bending capacity of the column at balanced condition (kft).
nominal bending capacity of the column at minimum eccentricity (kft).
nominal bending capacity of the column at maximum eccentricity (kft).
total factored static moment in roof slab in a cantilever span (kft).
total factored static moment in roof slab in an exterior span (kft).
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 8
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
M _{o}_{,}_{i}
total factored static moment in roof slab in an interior span (kft).
Mu factored design moment (kft/ft).
MUS minimum ultimate stress (psi).
M
moment in column due to inertia of the water around the column under seismic loads (kft).
n number of seismic cables required per set (ea).
Na
Na
Na
overhang distance from the exterior face of the corewall to the edge of the roof slab (in).
M
moment transferred from column to roof slab through shear (kft).
_{v}
_{w}
neutral axis location for column at balanced condition (in).
neutral axis location for column at maximum eccentricity (in).
neutral axis location for column at minimum eccentricity (in).
_{b}
_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{m}_{i}_{n}
P 
_{c} 
P 
_{d}_{t} 
P 
_{d}_{y}_{n}_{a}_{m}_{i}_{c} 
critical buckling load on column (kft).
prestressing force in tank wall for differential temperature and dryness effects (k/ft).
prestressing force in the tank wall for hydrodynamic hoop forces (k/ft).
PL point load on roof slab (lbs).
P 
_{n}_{,}_{b} 
P 
_{o}_{l} 
P 
_{p}_{a}_{d}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{a}_{t}_{i}_{c} 
P 
_{p}_{a}_{d}_{,}_{s}_{e}_{i}_{s}_{m}_{i}_{c} 
P 
_{s}_{e}_{r}_{v}_{i}_{c}_{e} 
_{s}_{l}
_{s}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{a}_{t}_{i}_{c}
_{t}_{o}_{t}_{a}_{l}
_{u}
_{u}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{a}_{t}_{i}_{c}
_{v}
_{w}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{a}_{t}_{i}_{c}
nominal axial capacity of column at balanced condition (kips).
prestressing force for hydrostatic overload (k/ft).
static vertical load on bearing pad (plf).
seismic vertical load on bearing pad (plf).
total unfactored service load on column footing (kips).
prestressing force for hydrostatic service load (k/ft).
static soil load on wall footing (psf).
total prestressing force required (kips).
factored axial demand on column (kips).
static structure load on wall footing (psf).
required vertical prestressing force (k/ft).
static water load on wall footing (psf).
P
P
P
P
P
P
P
r radius of gyration of column (in).
rho reinforcing ratio (1).
rho
rho
rho
rho
rho
R _{u}
s length of prospective failure plane (ft).
S shape factor of bearing pad (1).
stress
stress
reinforcing ratio which produces a balanced strain condition (1).
maximum reinforcing ratio (1).
minimum reinforcing ratio (1).
column spiral reinforcing ratio (1).
density of fluid in tank (pcf).
coefficient of resistance (psi).
_{b}
_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{m}_{i}_{n}
_{s}
_{w}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{r}
allowable compressive stress in bearing pad (psi).
compressive stress in bearing pad (psi).
_{a}_{l}_{l}_{o}_{w}
_{p}_{a}_{d}
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Page 9
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
S 
_{s} 
S 
_{y} 
t 
_{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} 
t 
_{f} 
t _{f}_{l}_{a}_{s}_{h} _{c}_{o}_{a}_{t} 

t 
_{f}_{l}_{o}_{o}_{r} 
t 
_{f}_{o}_{o}_{t}_{i}_{n}_{g} 
t 
_{p}_{a}_{d} 
t 
_{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} 
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} _{p}_{a}_{d} 

t 
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l} 
t 
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}_{,}_{a}_{v}_{e}_{r}_{a}_{g}_{e} 
t 
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}_{,}_{b}_{a}_{s}_{e} 
t 
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}_{,}_{m}_{i}_{d} 
t 
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}_{,}_{t}_{o}_{p} 
U 

u 
_{o} 
v 

V 

v 
_{1}_{,}_{2} 
V 
_{c} 
Vc
^{V}^{c}
Vc
Vc
^{V}^{c}
Vc
_{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
e,square
_{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
i,square
_{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
v
V
_{c}_{o}_{n}_{n}_{e}_{c}_{t}_{i}_{o}_{n}
_{c}_{o}_{n}_{v}_{e}_{c}_{t}_{i}_{v}_{e}
strain in reinforcing steel (in/in).
yield strain of reinforcing steel (in/in).
thickness of drop panel slab (in).
thickness of flange of structural tubing (in).
thickness of initial coating of shotcrete placed over corewall prior to wrapping (in).
thickness of floor slab (in).
thickness of footing (in).
thickness of bearing pad (in).
thickness of roof slab (in).
thickness of bearing pad between wall and roof (in).
thickness of the tank wall (in).
average thickness of the tank wall (in).
thickness of the castinplace corewall at the base (in).
thickness of the tank wall at midheight (in).
thickness of the castinplace corewall at the top (in).
total factored load on tank roof (units as noted).
horizontal acceleration of ground due to seismic excitation (ft/sec ^{2} ).
roof shear per lineal foot of tank wall (kips/ft).
total roof shear (kips).
maximum and minimum shear stress in roof slab due to column moment transfer (psi).
nominal capacity of concrete section in shear neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under circular twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in exterior bay under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under circular twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
nominal shear capacity of roof slab in interior bay under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (kips).
roof shear per connection (kips).
base shear due to weight of fluid acting convectively on the tank wall (kips).
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Page 10
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
v
nominal shear capacity of footing under square twoway action neglecting reinforcing (psi).
nominal shear capacity of footing under oneway action neglecting reinforcing (psi).
design shear in wall footing (lb).
base shear due to weight of fluid acting impulsively on the tank wall (kips).
_{c}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
v
_{c}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{f}_{o}_{o}_{t}_{i}_{n}_{g}
_{i}_{m}_{p}_{u}_{l}_{s}_{i}_{v}_{e}
_{o}
_{s}
_{s}_{e}_{t}
_{s}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
_{s}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
Vu
Vu
Vu
Vu
_{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
_{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
_{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
_{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{u}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
_{u}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
_{u}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{u}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
_{p}_{a}_{d}
_{d}
_{l}
_{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
_{d}_{e}_{a}_{d}
_{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}
_{l}_{i}_{v}_{e}
_{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}
_{s}_{l}_{a}_{b}
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}
_{w}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{r}
V
V
Vn nominal shear capacity of section (kips/ft).
v
V
v
V
V
Vu factored design shear (kips/ft).
Vu
vertical acceleration of ground due to seismic excitation (ft/sec ^{2} ).
volume of spiral reinforcing (in ^{3} /in).
required capacity of one set of seismic cables (ft).
nominal shear capacity of reinforcing under square twoway action (kips)
nominal shear capacity of reinforcing under oneway action (kips)
factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to circular twoway action (kips).
factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to square twoway action (kips).
factored shear force on roof slab in exterior bay due to oneway action (kips).
factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to circular twoway action (kips).
factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to square twoway action (kips).
factored shear force on roof slab in interior bay due to oneway action (kips).
factored shear stress on footing due to square twoway action (psi).
factored shear force on footing due to square twoway action (kips).
factored shear stress on footing due to oneway action (psi).
factored shear force on footing due to oneway action (kips).
Vu
v
V
v
V
w circular frequency of oscillation of fluid surface (rad/sec).
w
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
W
total width of bearing pads (in).
factored distributed dead load on roof for column design (psf).
factored distributed live load on roof for column design (psf).
effective weight of columns which is transferred to the roof diaphragm (kips).
total dead weight on tank roof (kips).
total weight of drop panels (kips).
total live weight on tank roof (kips).
total weight resisted by roof diaphragm (kips).
weight of roof slab excluding drop panels (kips).
total weight of tank wall (kips).
total weight of tank contents (kips).
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Page 11
NOMENCLATURE
DATE: 9/22/2000
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
X smaller dimension of rectangular area (in).
X
distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area at minimum eccentricity (in).
distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area for balanced condition (in).
distance from column centerline to centroid of compression area at maximum eccentricity (in).
location of centroid of roof mass above top of wall footing (ft).
sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression at minimum eccentricity (in).
sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression for balanced condition (in).
sum of moment arms for reinforcing in compression at maximum eccentricity (in).
location of centroid of wall mass above top of wall footing (ft).
_{c}
X
_{c}_{,}_{b}
X
_{c}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}
_{s}
_{s}_{,}_{b}
_{s}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x}
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}
_{s}_{o}_{i}_{l}
_{w}_{a}_{l}_{l}
_{w}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{r}
X
X
X
X
X
Y larger dimension of rectangular area (in).
Y
Y
Y
Y" distance from the base of the wall to the point of investigation (ft).
/0 shear angle of bearing pad (1).
/0 strength reduction factor for concrete design (1).
/0h angular amplitude of free oscillation at the water surface
/0M
relative location of center of soil pressure from toe of wall footing (1).
relative location of center of bearing pad from toe of wall footing (1).
relative location of center of water pressure from toe of wall footing (1).
_{o}_{(}_{m}_{a}_{x}_{)}
_{n}_{(}_{m}_{a}_{x}_{)}
maximum nominal bending capacity of the column with no axial load and reduced by the ACI capacity reduction factor (kft).
maximum nominal axial capacity of the column with no bending moment and reduced by the ACI capacity reduction factor (kips).
/0P
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Page 12
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
IV. FLAT SLAB DESIGN
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
The flat slab roof and column designs satisfy as a minimum the requirements of the ACI 31895 and ACI 35089. The Direct Design Method as outlined in the ACI 31895, Chapter 19, is utilized for these designs.
A. Assumptions
Live Loads  Case [1]:
snow 
= 0.0000 psf 

peagravel 
= 0.0000 psf 

soil 
= 100.0 
psf 
people 
= 0.0000 psf 
other misc. = 50.00
Live Load
psf
= 150.00 psf
Superimposed Dead Loads  Case [1]:
peagravel 
= 0.0000 psf 

soil 
= 100.0 
psf 
other misc. = 0.0000 psf
Dead load
psf
= 100.0
Roof slab thickness
Drop panel thickness  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = 7.500 in
Drop panel size  L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = 7.750 ft x 7.750 ft
Column diameters  d _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n}
 t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} = 12.00 in
= 24.00 in (Interior)
= 24.00 in (Exterior)
Equivalent square column sizes  h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} = 21.27 in (Interior)
= 21.27 in (Exterior)
Concrete weight = 150.0 pcf
All reinforcing bars are Grade 60.
Maximum span from centertocenter of supports:
interior bay  L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
exterior bay  L _{e}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 15.70 ft (to centerline of wall)
Minimum span from centertocenter of supports:
exterior bay  L _{e}_{,}_{m}_{i}_{n} = 10.16 ft (to centerline of wall)
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Page 13
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
B. Deflection Requirements
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO,CALIFORNIA
The minimum thickness of the twoway flat slab with drop panels will be investigated for interior and exterior spans as computed from ACI 31895, Section 9.5.3.2.
basic minimum thickness for exterior span:
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}_{(}_{m}_{i}_{n}_{i}_{m}_{u}_{m}_{)} = L _{n}_{,}_{e} /33
where,
L n,e = L e,max  (h column )/2
L _{n}_{,}_{e} = 15.70 ft  (21.27 in x 1 ft) = 14.81 ft 2 x 12 in
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}_{(}_{m}_{i}_{n}_{i}_{m}_{u}_{m}_{)} = 14.81 ft x 12 in/ft = 5.387 in
33
ACI 31895, Table 9.5(c)
basic minimum thickness for interior span:
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}_{(}_{m}_{i}_{n}_{i}_{m}_{u}_{m}_{)} = L _{n}_{,}_{i} /36
^{w}^{h}^{e}^{r}^{e}^{,}
^{L} n,i ^{=} ^{L} i,max ^{} ^{h} column
L _{n}_{,}_{i} = 21.00 ft  (21.27 in x 1 ft) = 19.23 ft 12 in
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f}_{(}_{m}_{i}_{n}_{i}_{m}_{u}_{m}_{)} = 19.23 ft x 12 in/ft = 6.409 in
36
ACI 31895, Table 9.5 (c)
In order to reduce the reinforcing requirements and provide a more ductile slab, a thicker slab will be provided.
ADOPT:
t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} = 12.00 in
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Page 14
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
C.
Factored Loads  Load Case [1]
The required capacity of the slab will be calculated in accordance with ACI 35089, Sect.(2.6.5) and ACI 31895, Section (9.2).
The shear load will be carried
Environmental Durability Factor per ACI 350.
U1 = 1.40 x DL + 1.70 x LL
ACI 350R89, Sect. (2.6.5)
U2 = 1.05 x DL + 1.28 x LL + 1.40 x EL
ACI 350R89, Sect. (2.6.5)
U3 = 0.90 x DL + 1.43 x EL
ACI 350R89, Sect. (2.6.5)
by
the
concrete only and does
not require the
1. Dead load:
DL
= t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} x 150 pcf + superimposed dead load
= (12.00 in/12 in/ft) x 150.0 pcf + 100.0 psf
= 250.0 psf
ADOPT:
DL = 250.0 psf
DL _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = additional dead load at drop panels
= t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x 150.0 pcf
= (7.500 in/12 in/ft) x 150.0 pcf
= 
93.75 psf 
ADOPT: 
DL _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = 93.75 psf 
2. Earthquake load:
EL 
= v _{o} x (DL + LL _{s}_{o}_{i}_{l} ) 
EL 
= 0.2444 x (250.0 + 100.0) psf = 85.54 psf 
ADOPT:
EL = 85.54 psf
3. ACI Factored Load
U1 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.40 x 250.0 psf + 1.70 x 150.0 psf = 605.0 psf
U2 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.05 x 250.0 psf + 1.28 x 150.0 psf + 1.40 x 85.54 psf = 574.3 psf
U3 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.90 x 250.0 psf + 1.43 x 85.54 psf = 347.3 psf
ADOPT:
U1 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.40 x 93.75 psf = 131.3 psf
U2 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.05 x 93.75 psf + 1.40 x (0.2444 x 93.75 psf) = 130.5 psf
U3 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.90 x 93.75 psf + 1.43 x (0.2444 x 93.75 psf) = 117.1 psf
ADOPT:
U = 605.0 psf (load case U1)
U _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = 131.3 psf (load case U1 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 15
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
4. Vehicle Load
The vehicle loads will be calculated based on the load factors from ACI 31895. Fo
a moving vehicle, the static load will also be scaled with an impact factor (I).
From Reference 1, the impact factors will be 1.0 and 1.3 for stationary and moving vehicles respectively.
Vehicle #1: 3.200e+04 lbs
I = 1.300
VL1
Ref. 1, EQ. (3.1)
_{u}_{1}
= 1.7 x I x vehicle weight
= 1.7 x 1.300 x 3.200e+04 lbs = 7.072e+04 lbs
= 1.28 x vehicle weight + 1.40 x (v _{o} x vehicle weight)
= 1.28 x 3.200e+04 lbs + 1.40 x (0.2444 x 3.200e+04 lbs)
= 5.191e+04 lbs
VL = VL1 = 7.072e+04 lbs
VL1
_{u}_{2}
ADOPT:
5. Wheel Load
Rear wheel loads will be distributed as per AASHTO design vehicle loads (see Figure 3.1, Reference 1).
VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r}
= 0.4 x VL1
= 0.4 x 7.072e+04 lbs
= 2.829e+04 lbs
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 16
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
D. Shear Requirements  Load Case [1]
The shear strength under widebeam action inside the drop panel and under twoway action inside and outside the drop panel will be investigated.
MECHANISM: An interior bay with a straight potential failure surface along the full width of the bay and located a distance d from the edge of the equivalent square column
^{V}^{u} i,straight ^{=} ^{U} ^{x} ^{L} i,max ^{x} ^{s} 1 ^{+} ^{U} drop ^{x} ^{L} drop ^{x} ^{s}^{'} 1 ^{+} ^{V}^{1}
where, s _{1}
= (L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} )/2  (h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} /2 + d)
= (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )/2  (h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} /2 + d)
s' _{1}
d = t _{r}_{o}_{o}_{f} + t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}  cover  1.5 x d _{b}_{a}_{r}
ACI 31895 Sect. (11.1.3.1)
= 12.00 in + 7.500 in  2.000 in  1.5 x 0.8750 in
= 16.19 in
s _{1} = 21.00 ft/2  (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 8.265 ft
s' _{1} = 7.750 ft/2  (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 1.640 ft
Vu _{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = (605.0psf x 21.00ft x 8.265ft + 131.1psf x 7.750ft x 1.640ft + 7.072e+04
lbs)/(1000lbs/k)
= 177.4 k
Vc _{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = 2 x %(f'c) x b _{w} x (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )
where, b _{w} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
ACI 31895, EQ. (113)
Vc _{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = (2 x %(4000psi) x 21.00ft x (16.19in  7.500in) x 12in/ft)/(1000lb/k)
= 276.9 k
/OVc = 0.8500 x 276.9 k = 235.4 k > Vu _{i}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
therefore, O.K.
MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a straight potential failure surface along the full width of the bay and located a distance d from the edge of the equivalent square column
The shear force in an exterior bay will be scaled by an additional factor for end effects
Vu e,straight = 1.15 x [U x L i,max x s 2 + U drop x L drop x s' 1 ] + V1
where, s _{2} = L _{e}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} /2  (h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} /2 + d)
d = 16.19 in
s _{2} = 15.70 ft/2  (21.27 in/2 + 16.19 in)/12 = 5.615 ft
ACI 31895, Sect. (11.1.3.1)
Vu _{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = (1.15 x [605.0 psf x 21.00 ft x 5.615 ft + 131.3 psf x 7.750 ft x
1.640 
ft] + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k) 

= 
154.7 
k 
Vc _{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = 2 x %(f'c) x b _{w} x (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )
b _{w} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
ACI 31889, EQ. (113)
Vc _{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} = (2 x %(4000psi) x 21.00ft x (16.19in  7.500in) x 12in/ft)/(1000lb/k)
= 276.9 k
/OVc = 0.8500 x 276.9 k = 235.4 k > Vu _{e}_{,}_{s}_{t}_{r}_{a}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t}
therefore, O.K.
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 17
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
MECHANISM: An interior bay with a circular potential failure surface located a distance d/2 from the face of the column:
Vu _{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = U x [L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} ^{2}  x (s _{3} /2) ^{2} ] + U _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x [L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} ^{2}  B x (s _{3} /2) ^{2} ] + V1 ACI 31895, Sect. (11.12)
where, s 3 = d column + d
= (24.00 in + 16.19 in)/(12 in/ft) = 3.349 ft
Vu _{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = (605.0 psf x [(21.00 ft) ^{2}  B x (3.349 ft/2) ^{2} ] + 131.1 psf x [(7.750 ft) ^{2}  B x (3.349 ft/2) ^{2} ] + 7.072e+04lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)
= 338.9 k
Vc _{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = 4 x %(f'c) x b _{o} x d
where, b _{o} = B x s _{3} = x 3.349 ft = 10.52 ft
ACI 31895, EQ. (1138)
Vc _{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 10.52 ft x 16.19 in x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)
= 517.0 k
/OVc = 0.8500 x 517.0 k = 439.5 k > Vu _{i}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
therefore, O.K.
MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a circular potential failure surface located a distance d/2 from the face of an edge column:
Vu _{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = 1.15 x [U x [L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} x (L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} + L _{e}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} )/2
[L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} ^{2}  B x (s _{3} /2) ^{2} ]] + V1
 B x (s _{3} /2) ^{2} ] + U _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x
ACI 31895, Sect. (11.12)
Vu _{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} =
(1.15 x [605.0 psf x [21.00 ft x(21.00 ft + 16.19 ft)/2  B x(3.349 ft/2) ^{2} ] + 131.3 psf x [(7.750 ft) ^{2}  B x (3.349 ft/2) ^{2} ]] + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)
= 340.4 k
Vc _{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = 4 x %(f'c) x b _{o} x d
where, b _{o} = B x s _{4} = B x 3.349 ft = 10.52 ft
ACI 31895, EQ. (1138)
Vc _{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e} = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 10.52 ft x 16.19 in x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)
= 517.0 k
/OVc = 0.8500 x 517.0 k = 439.5 k > Vu _{e}_{,}_{c}_{i}_{r}_{c}_{l}_{e}
therefore, O.K.
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 18
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
MECHANISM: An interior bay with a square potential failure surface located a distance
(d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )/2 from the edge of the drop panel
Vu _{i}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = U x (L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} ^{2}  (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} + d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} ) ^{2} ) + V1
ACI 31895, Sect. (11.12)
(605.0 psf x ((21.00 ft) ^{2}  (7.750 ft + (16.19 in  7.500 in)/ (12 in/ft)) ^{2} ] + 7.072e+04 lbs) x 0.001 k/lb
= 294.1 k
Vc _{i}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = 4 x %(f'c) x b _{o} x (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )
where, b _{o} = 4 x (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} + (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )/12)
ACI 31895, EQ. (1138)
= 4 x (7.750 ft + (16.19 in  7.500 in)/(12 in/ft))
= 33.90 ft
Vc _{i}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 33.90 ft x (16.19 in  7.500 in) x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)
= 893.9 k
/OVc = 0.8500 x 893.9 k = 759.9 k > Vu _{i}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
therefore, O.K.
MECHANISM: An exterior bay with a square potential failure surface located a distance
(d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )/2 from the edge of the drop panel
Vu e,square = 1.15 x U x [L i,max x (L e,max + L i,max )/2 
(L drop + d  t drop ) ^{2} ) + V1 ACI 31895, Sect. (11.12)
= ((1.15 x 605.0 psf x [21.00 ft x (16.19 ft + 21.00 ft)/2  (7.750 ft + (16.19 in  7.500 in)/(12 in/ft)) ^{2} ]) + 7.072e+04 lbs)/(1000 lbs/k)
= 288.9 k
Vc _{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = 4 x %(f'c) x b _{o} x (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )
where, b _{o} = 4 x (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} + (d  t _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} )/12)
ACI 31895, EQ. (1138)
= 4 x (7.750 ft + (16.19 in  7.500 in)/(12 in/ft))
= 33.90 ft
Vc _{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = 4 x %(4000 psi) x 33.90 ft x (16.19 in  7.500 in) x 12 in/ft/(1000 lbs/k)
= 893.9 k
/OVc _{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e} = 0.8500 x 893.9 k = 759.9 k > Vu _{e}_{,}_{s}_{q}_{u}_{a}_{r}_{e}
therefore O.K.
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 19
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
E.
Moments in Roof Slab  Load Case [1]
The moments in the roof slab will be due to distributed loads and point loads. The design for bending due to distributed loads will be based on the ACI 31895 Direct Design Method and ACI 35089, Section 2.6.5.a. The moments caused by point loads (if required) will be calculated separately and superimposed upon the distributed load moments.
1. Factored load moments due to distributed loads:
U1 _{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U1 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 605.0 psf = 786.5 psf
U2 _{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U2 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 574.3 psf = 746.5 psf
U3 _{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U3 _{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 347.3 psf = 451.5 psf
ADOPT:
U1 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U1 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 131.3 psf = 170.6 psf
U2 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U2 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 130.5 psf = 169.7 psf
U3 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{m}_{o}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t} = 1.30 x U3 _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}_{,}_{s}_{h}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 1.30 x 117.2 psf = 152.3 psf
U = 786.5 psf (load case 1)
ADOPT:
U _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} = 170.6 psf (load case 1)
M _{o}_{,}_{i} = total factored static moment in an interior span per ACI 35089,
Sect.2.6.5.a.
^{M} o,i ^{=} ^{(}^{U} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{x} ^{L} n,i 2 ^{)}^{/}^{8} ^{+} ^{U} drop ^{x} ^{L} drop ^{x} ^{(}^{L} drop ^{} ^{h} column ^{)} 2 ^{/}^{8}
where, L _{2} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
ACI 31895, EQ. (133) CRSI Handbook82, Sect. 10
M _{o}_{,}_{i} = 786.5 psf x 21.00 ft x (19.23 ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k) + 170.6 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft  21.27 in/12 in/ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
= 769.2 kft
M _{o}_{,}_{e} = total factored static moment in an exterior span
^{M} o,e ^{=} ^{(}^{U} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{x} ^{L} n,e 2 ^{)}^{/}^{8} ^{+} ^{U} drop ^{x} ^{L} drop ^{x} ^{(}^{L} drop ^{} ^{h} column ^{)} 2 ^{/}^{8}
where, L _{2} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
ACI 31895, EQ. (133) CRSI Handbook82, Sect. 10
M _{o}_{,}_{e} = (786.5 psf x 21.00 ft x (14.81 ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k) + 170.6 psf x 7.750 ft x(7.750 ft  21.27 in/12 in/ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
= 459.0 kft
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 20
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE RESERVOIR
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
2. Service load moments due to distributed loads:
M _{o}_{,}_{i} = total service load static moment in an interior span
M _{o}_{,}_{i} = ((DL + LL) x L _{2} x L _{n}_{,}_{i} ^{2} )/8 + DL _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}  h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} ) ^{2} /8 ACI 31895, EQ. (133)
where, L _{2} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
CRSI Handbook82, Sect. 10
M _{o}_{,}_{i} = (250.0 psf + 150.0 psf) x 21.00 ft x (19.23 ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
+
93.75 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft  21.27 in/12 in/ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
= 391.4 kft
M _{o}_{,}_{e} = total service load static moment in an exterior span
M _{o}_{,}_{e} = ((DL + LL) x L _{2} x L _{n}_{,}_{e} ^{2} )/8 + DL _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p} x (L _{d}_{r}_{o}_{p}  h _{c}_{o}_{l}_{u}_{m}_{n} ) ^{2} /8 ACI 31895, EQ. (133)
where, L _{2} = L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 21.00 ft
CRSI Handbook82, Sect. 10
M _{o}_{,}_{e} = (250.0 psf + 150.0 psf) x 21.00 ft x (14.81 ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
+
93.75 psf x 7.750 ft x (7.750 ft  21.27 in/12 in/ft) ^{2} /(8 x 1000 lb/k)
= 233.5 kft
Longitudinal Distribution of Total Factored Static Moment:
The total factored static moment in an INTERIOR span shall be distributed longitudinally based on ACI 31895, Sect. (13.6.3.2).
Based on the ACI 31895, Sect. (13.6.3.3), the total factored static moment in an EXTERIOR span shall be distributed longitudinally based on the support condition at the exterior edge of the slab. Due to the fact that the length of the end span varies depending on which column line is analyzed, the support condition will fall under one of two categories. For moderate to long end spans, the support condition for the exterior span is most accurately represented by Column (1) of Sect. 13.6.3.3. For short end spans, the support condition for the first interior span is most accurately represented by Column (3) of Sect. 13.6.3.3. Both cases will be completely investigated in the calculations which follow.
Transverse Distribution of Factored Moment:
The transverse distribution of the negative moment in interior spans, negative moment in exterior spans, and positive moment shall be as prescribed by the ACI 31895, Sect. (13.6.4).
LeslieLane.wpf
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FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
3. Moments due to vehicle load:
The moments due to the wheel load on the slab will be calculated based on the discussion in Reference 2, Sect. 3.5.2, concerning concentrated loads on slabs. Reference 2 applies specifically to one load applied to the slab. It is assumed that the one wheel load is applied at the point which causes maximum moment in the slab for positive or negative moments. These points are 0.50L and 0.25L respectively.
Based on this assumption, the second wheel should be at least 7 ft from the first. The fact that the second wheel will be located no less than 7 ft from the point which causes maximum positive moment will effectively reduce the positive moment caused by the second wheel to aproximately one third of that caused by the wheel which is located at 0.50L.
The negative moment will not be effected nearly as much by the location of the wheel load. Therefore, the conservative way to analize for the negative moment caused by two wheel loads will be to double the moment caused by one wheel load.
M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an interior span
M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} = negative moment caused by vehicle load on middle strip in an interior span
M _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} = positive moment caused by vehicle load on any strip in an interior span
M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span
M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} = negative moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span
M _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} = positive moment caused by vehicle load on column strip in an exterior span
a. Vehicle #1
a1 = %(VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} /(tire pressure))
a1 = %(2.829e+04 lbs/40.00 psi) x 1 ft/12 in = 2.216 ft
For an Interior span:
a1/L _{i}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 2.216 ft/21.00 ft = 0.1055
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = 0,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.360
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)
^{M}^{1}
v,c,i,neg
^{=} ^{2} ^{x} ^{(}^{M}^{1} v,c,i,neg ^{/}^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{x} ^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{)} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{/}^{2}
= 2 x (0.360 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 213.9 kft
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = infinity,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.231
^{M}^{1}
v,m,i,neg
^{=} ^{2} ^{x} ^{(}^{M}^{1} v,m,i,neg ^{/}^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{x} ^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{)} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{/}^{2}
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)
= 2 x (0.231 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 137.2 kft
LeslieLane.wpf
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FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = 0,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.210
M1
v,i,pos
= 1.333 x (M1 v,i,pos /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.43)
= 1.333 x (0.210 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 83.15 kft
For an Exterior span:
a1/L _{e}_{,}_{m}_{a}_{x} = 2.216 ft/15.70 = 0.1412
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = 0,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.350
^{M}^{1}
v,c,e,neg
^{=} ^{2} ^{x} ^{(}^{M}^{1} v,c,e,neg ^{/}^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{x} ^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{)} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{/}^{2}
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)
= 2 x (0.350 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 207.9 kft
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = infinity,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.230
^{M}^{1}
v,m,e,neg
^{=} ^{2} ^{x} ^{(}^{M}^{1} v,m,e,neg ^{/}^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{x} ^{V}^{L}^{1} rear ^{)} ^{x} ^{L} 2 ^{/}^{2}
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.44)
= 2 x (0.230 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 136.6 kft
assuming alpha _{1} = beta _{t} = 0,
M1 _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} /VL1 _{r}_{e}_{a}_{r} = 0.185
M1
= 1.333 x (M1 v,e,pos /VL1 rear x VL1 rear ) x L 2 /2
v,e,pos
Ref. 2, Fig. (3.43)
= 1.333 x (0.185 x 2.829e+04 lb) x 21.00 ft/2 x 0.001 k/lb
= 73.25 kft
b. TABLE 1. Summary of Moments due to vehicle load:
Location
Factored Load Moment (kft)
Service Load
Moment
^{M}
^{M}
v,c,e,neg
v,m,e,neg
^{M} _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
^{M}
^{M}
v,c,i,neg
v,m,i,neg
^{M} _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
^{M}^{1} v,c,e,neg ^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{2}^{6}^{6}^{.}^{4}
^{M}^{1} v,m.e,neg ^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{1}^{7}^{3}^{.}^{8}
^{M}^{1} _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{8}^{7}^{.}^{5}^{0}
^{M}^{1} v,c,i,neg ^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{2}^{7}^{8}^{.}^{1}
^{M}^{1} v,m,i,neg ^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{1}^{7}^{8}^{.}^{1}
^{M}^{1} _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
^{x} ^{1}^{.}^{3} ^{=} ^{1}^{0}^{8}^{.}^{1}
^{M}^{1} v,c,e,neg ^{/}^{1}^{.}^{7} ^{=} ^{1}^{2}^{2}^{.}^{3}
^{M}^{1} v,m.e,neg ^{/}^{1}^{.}^{7} ^{=} ^{8}^{0}^{.}^{3}^{5}
M1 _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} /1.7 = 43.09
^{M}^{1} v,c,i,neg ^{/}^{1}^{.}^{7} ^{=} ^{1}^{2}^{5}^{.}^{8}
^{M}^{1} v,m,i,neg ^{/}^{1}^{.}^{7} ^{=} ^{8}^{0}^{.}^{7}^{1}
M1 _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s} /1.7 = 48.92
LeslieLane.wpf
Page 23
FLAT SLAB
REVISED: 02/02/2001
2.0 MG LESLIE LANE
ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA
F. Moment Summary
TABLE 2. Summary of Moments in Slab (worst case)
Factored Load
Service Load
Location
Equation for Moment
Moment
Moment
Exterior Column Strip  Top
or
Exterior Column Strip  Bottom
Exterior Middle Strip  Top
or
Exterior Middle Strip  Bottom
First Interior Column Strip  Top
First Interior Column Strip  Bottom
First Interior Middle Strip  Top
or
First Interior Middle Strip  Bottom
Interior Column Strip  Top
Interior Column Strip  Bottom
Interior Middle Strip  Top
Interior Middle Strip  Bottom
0.75 x 0.75 x M _{o}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} 0.26 x 1.00 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.63 x 0.60 x M _{o}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
0.75 x 0.25 x M _{o}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} 0.26 x 0.00 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.63 x 0.40 x M _{o}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{e}_{x}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{e}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
0.70 x 0.75 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} 0.65 x 0.75 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.52 x 0.60 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
0.70 x 0.25 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g} 0.65 x 0.25 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.52 x 0.40 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
0.65 x 0.75 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{c}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.35 x 0.60 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
0.65 x 0.25 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{m}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{n}_{e}_{g}
0.35 x 0.40 x M _{o}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{i}_{n}_{t}_{e}_{r}_{i}_{o}_{r} + M _{v}_{,}_{i}_{,}_{p}_{o}_{s}
= 528.5 ftk 
253.6 ftk 
= 470.3 ftk 
224.0 ftk 
= 268.7 ftk 
131.3 ftk 
= 263.7 ftk 
124.2 ftk 
= 177.6 ftk 
80.37 ftk 
= 210.9 ftk 
101.9 ftk 
= 681.8 ftk 
331.3 ftk 
= 653.0 ftk 
316.6 ftk 
= 348.1 ftk 
171.0 ftk 
= 313.0 ftk 
149.2 ftk 
= 303.4 ftk 
144.3 ftk 
= 268.1 ftk 
130.3 ftk 
= 653.0 ftk 
316.6 ftk 
= 269.6 ftk 
131.1 ftk 
= 303.4 ftk 

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