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MATERIALS ON THE WAR OF THE SPANISH

SUCCESSION
1701 - 1714

The Emperors Cuirassiers and Dragoons
1701 - 1714

(Uniforms and standards of the Austrian cavalry)

Part 18















August Khn - Robert Hall


Robert Hall 2001


The Emperors Cuirassiers and Dragoons

The heavy cavalry or cuirassiers are strongly reminiscent of the heavy cavalry of the 30 Years War.
Mounted on picked riding heavy horses that were difficult to find in wartime. The troopers were armoured,
that is, wore breast- and back-plates. Regiments that had fought against the Turkish cavalry were also
equipped with Kasketts, i.e. helmets with nose-, cheek- and lobster tail neck-plates and the Biberschwanz
(Beavertail), a neck-protection. When the helmet was not worn, on marches, or in the course of the war
and ever more rarely in battle with western European cavalry, an iron Hutkreuz (hat cross) was worn under
the crown of the tricorn to protect the wearer against saber blows on the head. The cuirassier was armed with
the Palasch, a long straight cavalry sword, two pistols and a carbine, a shorter musket than that borne by the
infantry or dragoons. The name Karabiner came from the way it was carried, hanging on a bandoleer across
the breast (Karabiner in German). During the War of the Spanish Succession the buff leather jacket was
gradually exchanged for the pearl grey coat, with cuffs in the facing colour. Underneath was a long waistcoat
or camisole. The saddlecloths, Schabracken, and holster covers, Schabrunken, were also regimental
markings, being of cloth with various coloured edges.

Dragoons were mounted on cheaper horses and did not have the protective armour. The longer flintlock
marked them as mounted infantry although they were already used as cavalry. The coats, cut like those of the
infantry, were not the typical pearl grey but of red, blue, yellow or green ground colour. The dragoon sword
was worn attached to the waistbelt like that of the infantry. The flintlock hung from a strap or was attached
to the saddle. The ammunition was not carried in a cartouche as for the cuirassiers but in a cartridge pouch
hung over the shoulder like that of the infantry.

Cuirassier regiments had trumpeters and kettledrummers, the dragoons had, besides the trumpeter, a
drummer, which differed already in their headgear, and a coat which was usually in the facing colour, for the
cuirassiers still decorated with Trompeterflgeln, false sleeves. Cuirassier musicians wore a fez-like cap with
a plume, either taken from or inspired by Turkish booty. The dragoon musicians wore a cap with a stiff front
shield. The kettledrums were draped with richly decorated cloths while the dragoons drums had to do
without such decoration. Officers of both arms decorated their coats depending on rank and purse with more
or less lace in the button colour, plumage on their hats and fringes on the saddlecloths. The black and gold
sash worn around the waist was also a mark of the officer and they, as well as the higher non-commissioned
ranks, did without the carbine or flintlock.

The following regiments existed:

Cuirassier Regiments:
Regiment Tessin No. raised disbanded/No. in 1914
Graf Caprara 1629/1 1629 1701 => Hessen-Darmstadt
FML Hessen-Darmstadt 1629/1 1701 from Graf Caprara
Roccavione 1682/4 1682 No. 25
de Ville 1682/5 1682 No. 27
Graf Steinville 1690/1 1690 1720
von Zanthe 1682/3 1683 No. 5
Lobkowitz 1704 1717 1682/3
Palffy-Erdly 1682/2 1682 No. 4
Frst von Hohenzollern-Hechingen 1685/1 1633(?)
Commercy 1679/- 1682(?) No. 8
Leiningen-Westerburg 1636/1 1636 No. 9
Pfefferkorn 1706- 1636/1
Frst Montecuccoli 1701/1 1701 No. 10
Modena 1707- 1701/1
Anspach-Bayreuth 1702/1 1702 No. 11
Graf Cronsfeld 1682/1 1682 D. 9


Alt-Hannover 1672/2 1672 D. 2
Jung-Hannover 1663/1 1663 D. 7
La Tour Thurn und Taxis 1703- 1663/1
Viard 1711- 1663/1
Hessen-Darmstadt 1684/1 1684 D. 6
Glockelberg 1705- 1684/1
Caraffa 1706- 1684/1
Lothringen 1683/1 1683
Breuner 1705- 1683/1
Savoyen 1710- 1683/1
Graf Cusani 1657/1 1657 No. 24
Pfalz-Neuburg 1674/1 1674
Vaudemont 1682/5 1682
Martigny 1682/5
Visconti 1631/1 1631
Cordova (Spanish) 1708/4 1713 (taken over) D. 5
Morres (Spanish) 1708/5 1713 (taken over)

Dragoon Regiments:
Name Tessin No. raised disbanded/No. in 1914
Graf Rabutin 1631/16 1640
Graf Lymburg-Styrum 1672/5 1672
Sinzendorf 1704- 1672/5
Vehlen Dragoons 1672/5
Prinz Eugen v. Savoyen 1682/6 1682
Graf Sodenau (Saurau?) (1682/7?) 1682
von Batte 1682/8 1682
von Herbeville 1683/2 1683
Jorge de Tollet 1683/2 1683 (double!)
Colonna 1688/2 1683(?)
Graf Fels 1705- 1688/2
Serenyi 1709- 1688/2
Wrttemberg 1710- 1688/2
Vaubonne 1688/3 1687
Lwenfeld 1688/1 1688
Altenhann 1688/1
(aka. Lwenburger or Schlick) 1688/1
Brandenburg-Bayreuth 1701/2 1701
Frst Schnborn 1710/1 1706 from Kurfrst von Mainz
Bolbes (Spanish)
Saint Amour 1682/7 1682 (see above)
Trautmannsdorf 1682/7
Reisig 1682/7
Dietrichstein 1682/7
Hauben 1705/2 1705
Prinz Ferd. Max. von Bayern 1719
Anspach 1718



Uniforms

Cuirassier Regiments

1629/1 Caprara - man 1701: coat buff, cuffs, lining, breeches red, neckcloth white, buttons yellow,
saddlecloth red, border yellow piped light yellow.

1684/2 Roccavione - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat, breeches dark red, neckcloth white, buttons
white, saddlecloth red, border white piped red, from 1695 a letter R embroidered on it.
Trumpeter: coat dark red, lace white, cap brown, with white/red plumes.

1682/5 de Ville - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, neckcloth red, waistcoat, breeches buff, buttons white,
saddlecloth red, border striped white/blue piped red.

1690/1 Steinville - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, breeches red, waistcoat buff, neckcloth white, buttons
yellow, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped blue on the outside edge.

1682/3 Lobkowitz - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, breeches red, neckcloth white, buttons yellow, saddlecloth
red, border yellow/blue diagonal stripes, piped blue on the outside edge, cloak red.
Trumpeter: coat blue, lace yellow, cap dark brown, with white/blue plumes.

1682/2 Palffy - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, breeches, waistcoat red, neckcloth white (sometimes black),
buttons white, saddlecloth red, border white with a red stripe in the middle and red piping on the
outside. Cloak red.
Trumpeter: coat red, lace white, cap brown with white/blue plume, false sleeves red with silver
borders.
Officer: broad silver lace on the coat seams, cuffs, and pockets, saddlecloth red with silver border,
piped red on the outside and yellow on the inside.
Kettledrummer: coat blue, cuffs red, lace silver, false sleeves red with silver lace, black cap with
silver lace and plume blue at top, white at bottom, drum banners red with black double-eagle, edges
striped white/red/white/red/white all round.

1685/1 Hohenzollern-Hechingen - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat, breeches red, neckcloth white,
buttons yellow, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red and divided into triangles with blue and
red stripes. (Before 1700 the cuffs were black.)

1679/- Commercy - man: coat and waistcoat buff, cuffs, lining, yellow, breeches and neckcloth red, buttons
yellow, saddlecloth red, border yellow piped red on the outside edge, holster covers red. with an
all-yellow border.
1702 (Falkenstein): Trumpeter: coat yellow, lace dark red, cap brown, with white/yellow plumes.
1710: Coat pearl grey, cuffs, linings dark red, neckcloth white, breeches and waistcoat straw
colour, saddlecloth red, edge yellow with cipher JC in yellow under a crown in the corner.

1636/1 Leiningen-Westerburg - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, breeches red, waistcoat buff, neckcloth white,
buttons?, saddlecloth red, border blue triangles on the inside, white on the outside, piped red.
1710: coat pearl grey, cuffs, lining orange, buttons white, breeches and waistcoat straw colour,
saddlecloth red, border white with black zigzag line, piped red.

1701/1 Montecuccoli - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, blue, waistcoat, breeches buff, neckcloth white, buttons
white, saddlecloth blue, border white with blue triangles on the inside, piped red.
1710: coat pearl grey, buttons white, breeches and waistcoat straw colour, saddlecloth red, border
yellow with white middle stripe, piped white and in the corner JC and crown in yellow
embroidery.



1682/1 Cronsfeld - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining green, waistcoat buff, breeches red, neckcloth white,
buttons white, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red.
1710: coat pearl grey
1711: coat pearl grey, cuffs, lining red, breeches buff, saddlecloth as in 1700 but with JC and
crown embroidered yellow in the corner.

1672/2 Alt-Hannover - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat, breeches red, neckcloth white, buttons white,
saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red and yellow middle stripe.
Standard bandoleer: yellow, edged red with a red zigzag line in the middle.

1663/1 Jung-Hannover - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat, breeches red, neckcloth white, buttons
white, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red.
1710: coat pearl grey, waistcoat and breeches buff, saddlecloth as in 1700 but with but with JC
and crown embroidered white in the corner.
Trumpeter: coat dark red, lace white, cap brown with white and red plumes.

1684/1 Hessen-Darmstadt - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining and waistcoat blue, breeches red, neckcloth red,
buttons white, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped blue on the in- and outside.
Trumpeter: coat light blue, cuffs, lining, waistcoat light blue, lace silver, cap black with light blue
plumes. Trumpet banner red with black double eagle.

1683/1 Breuner- man: coat buff, cuffs, lining and breeches red, waistcoat buff, neckcloth black, buttons
white, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red.
Trumpeter: coat crimson blue, cuffs, lining, waistcoat red, lace white, cap brown with red and white
plumes.

1657/1 Cusani - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining and waistcoat dark red, breeches red, neckcloth red, buttons
yellow, saddlecloth red, border yellow, piped red.
Trumpeter: coat dark red, lace yellow, cap brown with white and red plumes.

1674/1 Pfalz-Neuburg - man: coat buff, cuffs red with light blue edging, lining light blue, waistcoat and
breeches red, neckcloth black, buttons white.
Trumpeter: coat, cuffs, lining, waistcoat and breeches light blue, lace golden, and cap brown with
silver lace and plumes light blue on top, white below.
1700: Saddlecloth and holster covers red border light blue piped yellow outside
1710: border white with blue zigzag edges, piped red.

1682/5 Vaudemont - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat and breeches red, neckcloth red, buttons white,
but hat border yellow! Saddlecloth red border white, blue zigzag inside, piped red outside, from
1701 red saddlebag.
1704: border on saddlecloth blue/white checkers.
Trumpeter: coat, cuffs, lining, red, lace white/blue, cap black with white/blue plumes.

1631/1 Visconti - man: coat buff, cuffs, lining, waistcoat, neckcloth and breeches red, buttons white.
Saddlecloth red border white with light blue ovals in the middle, piped yellow.
1704: coat pearl grey, buttons yellow, breeches and waistcoat straw colour, saddlecloth red, border
white with blue squares standing on corners, piped yellow, JC and crown embroidered yellow in
corner.
Trumpeter: coat blue, lace white, cap brown with white/blue plumes.

1708/4 Cordova - man: coat and waistcoat pearl grey, cuffs and lining dark red, neckcloth white, breeches
buff, buttons yellow, saddlecloth red, C VI and crown embroidered yellow in corner.



1708/5 Morres - man: coat pearl grey, cuffs, lining and waistcoat dark red, neckcloth white, breeches buff,
buttons yellow, Saddlecloth red, C VI and crown embroidered yellow in corner. Cloak pearl grey
with blue collar.

General:

Where not specifically mentioned the cloak behind the saddle was pearl grey with a red collar, whereby
Pfalz-Neuburg and Modena had blue collars. The boots are always black, as is the cartridge pouch, other
leather belts being buff.
The cuirasses are either blackened or blank. Ones can be found decorated with brass rivets but this was not
the rule. The same is true for the helmet.


Dragoon Regiments

1631/16 Rabutin - man: coat, waistcoat blue, cuffs, lining and aiguillette red, buttons white, neckcloth and
hat border white, breeches buff. Saddlecloth red border yellow, piped red/yellow.
Officer coat red, cuffs and lining blue, silver lace.
1706: Officer coat blue, cuffs, lining red, silver lace.
1709: man: buttons yellow, hat border yellow. Saddlecloth yellow with blue/red piping on both
sides. Officers lace and buttons gold.

1672/5 Styrum - man: coat red, cuffs and lining green, aiguillette white, buttons and hat border yellow,
neckcloth white, breeches and waistcoat buff. Saddlecloth red border yellow. Cloak pearl grey with
green collar.
Trumpeter: coat green, cuffs, lining waistcoat red, lace yellow, cap black with gold lace and white
plume.
1709: waistcoat red, cipher JC and crown in yellow on saddlecloth.

1682/6 E. v. Savoyen - man: coat red, cuffs and lining black, waistcoat red, breeches buff, buttons and hat
border yellow, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red, border yellow.
Grenadier: as man but with dark fur cap, red bag with yellow lace and tassel, breeches and
waistcoat buff.
1709: man: waistcoat buff, buttons brass, hat border golden. Crown and JC in yellow in corner of
saddlecloth.
Drummer: coat black, cuffs, lining red, lace silver. Cap brown with red front shield, which had
golden lace, and a golden shield on it. The drum was decorated with black flames coming from the
bottom and red flames from the top, the tires having red/black diagonal stripes.
1709: drummer: lace golden,

1682/7 Saurau - man: coat blue, cuffs, lining and waistcoat red, breeches blue, buttons white, neckcloth and
hat border white. Saddlecloth red, border yellow.

1682/8 Batt - man: coat blue, cuffs, lining, aiguillette and waistcoat red, breeches blue, buttons yellow,
neckcloth white, hat border yellow. Saddlecloth red, border blue, piped yellow on both sides.
1709: cuffs and linings blue, aiguillette white. Saddlecloth with yellow JC and crown.

1683/2 Herbeville - man: coat and waistcoat medium blue, cuffs and lining yellow, breeches buff, buttons
and hat border yellow, neckcloth white, aiguillette red. Saddlecloth red border yellow.
1709 as Jrger de Tollet: coat red, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining black, buttons and hat border
white, neckcloth white. Grenadier with silver lace on hat. Cloak white with black collar.
Saddlecloth red with yellow border.
Officers: as for men but with silver lace on coat and waistcoat. Saddlecloths had gold lace and
JTO in gold under an open crown.


Trumpeter: coat light grey, cuffs and lining red, buttons and lace silver, swallows nests red with
silver, cap brown with red front shield, edged silver and little silver arms on it. Drum bandoleer red
with silver lace. Drum black (bottom) and red (top) flames. Tires red/white/black triangles.
(NOTE: on the colour plate the uniforms before/after 1709 have been reversed!)

1688/2 Colonna - coat yellow, waistcoat black, cuffs and lining black, breeches buff, buttons yellow, hat
border white, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red with yellow border.
Grenadiers as above but fur caps with black bag, yellow tassel and lace.
1709: coat red, waistcoat red, aiguillette white, hat border yellow (grenadiers golden), grenadier
cap red bag with white tassel and border. Saddlecloth red with yellow border.


1688/3 de Vaubonne - man: coat blue, waistcoat blue, cuffs and lining red, buttons and hat border yellow,
neckcloth white, breeches buff. Saddlecloth red with yellow border.
1709: red aiguillette. Saddlecloth red with blue border piped blue on both sides, JC and crown in
yellow in the corner.
Other sources give blue breeches after 1709.

1688/1 Lwenfeld - man: coat green, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining red, breeches red, buttons yellow, hat
border yellow, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red with yellow border.
Drummer: coat red, cuffs and lining green, cap brown, front shield green with gold lace also on the
top of the hat crown.
1709: coat red, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining green, breeches buff, aiguillette white. Saddlecloth
red with yellow border, JC and crown in yellow in the corner.
1709 drummer: coat green, cuffs and lining red, cap brown with red front shield and gold lace.

1701/2 Brandenburg-Bayreuth - man: coat blue, waistcoat blue, cuffs and lining red, breeches red, buttons
white, hat border white, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red with yellow border, decorated with black
Xs.
1713: coat dark blue, waistcoat dark blue, breeches buff, aiguillette red, buttons and hat border
yellow. Saddlecloth red with yellow border, piped black on both sides, C VI and crown in
yellow.

1710/1 Kurfrst von Mainz - man 1706: coat blue, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining red, breeches blue, buttons
white, hat border white, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red with yellow border. Cloak white with red
collar.
1709: coat red, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining blue, breeches straw colour, buttons and hat border
white. Saddlecloth red with blue border, JC and crown in yellow. Cloak white with blue collar.
Drummer according to Kntel: coat blue, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining red, lace yellow, cap all
blue with yellow lace, plumage yellow/white/red. Saddlecloth blue with yellow border. Drums
yellow with double eagle, tires red/white stripes.

1708/8 Galbes - man: coat red, waistcoat straw colour, cuffs and lining red, yellow lace on edges of cuffs,
breeches straw colour, buttons yellow, cap brown with red front shield edged yellow (Spanish
style), neckcloth white. Saddlecloth red with yellow border.
Drummer: coat yellow with golden lace and swallows nests, cuffs red with edging, lining red,
waistcoat and breeches straw colour, buttons and lace golden, neckcloth white, aiguillette golden,
cap brown, front shield yellow with red border. (Lace in drawing is incorrect.)
Grenadiers fur caps with yellow bags and a brass grenade at the front.
Officers hats with gold lace and red plumage.

1682/7 Saint Amour - man: coat blue, waistcoat blue, cuffs and lining red, breeches straw colour, buttons
yellow, hat border yellow, neckcloth white, aiguillette yellow. Saddlecloth red with yellow border,
JC and crown in yellow.



1705/2 Hauben - man: coat blue, waistcoat blue, cuffs and lining red, breeches straw colour, buttons yellow,
hat border yellow, neckcloth white, aiguillette red. Saddlecloth red with white border, piped blue
on both sides, JC and crown in yellow.

1719/- Pr. Ferdinand Max. v. Bayern - man: coat red, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining blue, breeches straw
colour, buttons white, hat border white, neckcloth white, aiguillette yellow. Saddlecloth red with
white border, piped blue on both sides, CVI and crown in yellow.

1718/- Ansbach/Anspach - man: coat red, waistcoat red, cuffs and lining blue, breeches straw colour, buttons
yellow, hat border yellow, neckcloth white. Saddlecloth green with yellow border, C VI and
crown in yellow.

General:

The black boots of the dragoons were more lightly made than those of the cuirassiers. Gaiters were often
worn instead, especially by the grenadiers. The sword had no basket, only a brass hand guard and ring. The
waistbelt carried the bayonet sheath and the sword hung vertically. Grenadiers had an additional little
cartridge pouch at the front for ammunition as well as the large grenade pouch hung over the shoulder. The
cloaks were pearl grey with a red collar where not explicitly given. Belts were buff.

Additional remarks:

In the pilgrimage church of Maria-Loreto in Angerbach, Bavaria, there is a very carefully painted votive
plate with an illustration of three Austrian cavalrymen. The year of the events on the plate was 1705 and in
that year only the 400 men of the cuirassier regiment of Barthels was stationed in Bavaria. Therefore the
painting can only refer to this regiment, which is not described in any list of the period. It can hardly
represent the Bavarian remount commandos of the other regiments stationed there since these are known to
have worn other uniforms.

Amongst the standards in the Heeresgeschichtlichen Museum in Vienna there are several examples of those
of the regiment of Bamberg. Peter-Philipp von Dernbach, Bishop of Bamberg (1672-1683) and Wrzburg
(from 1675) made parts of this regiment available to the Emperor already in 1674. With a contract dated 24
th

October 1685 it passed into Imperial service under the name of its colonel, Johann-Eitel Freiherr Truchsess
von Wetzhausen. Under this standard it fought in the army of Prince Eugene in 1697 at Zenta, 1704 in
Bavaria, 1716 at Temesvr and 1717 at Belgrade. In 1775 the regiment was converted into dragoons and
disbanded in 1801. (Note: These standard belonged to the regiment, which later became Hohenzollern-
Hechingen. Their good condition would tend to indicate that they were taken out of service fairly early
probably on entering Imperial service in 1685. R.H.)

Based on the above it can only be the regiment of Barthels.
Uniform (after the votive plate): coat pearl grey, cuffs and linings red, buttons yellow, hat border white,
waistcoat and breeches buff. Saddlecloth red with yellow border. Boots black, belts buff. Since the men
appear to be foraging or similar, they are not wearing cuirasses, but are mounted on dark brown horses,
which would indicate cuirassiers.
(The regiment of Barthels was raised in Bavaria in 1705 largely from elements of the disbanded Bavarian
cavalry, and disbanded already in 1707.)

Organisation

A regiment of cuirassiers consisted of about 1000 men and 800 horses, divided into 12 ordinre
Kompanien. Under Carl VI in 1713 (not at the same time in all regiments) an elite unit of carabineers in the
strength of a company of 94 men was added. The regiment was commanded by a colonel-owner or a colonel
commander (angesetzter Oberst titularis ) named by the owner and confirmed by the Hofkriegsrat (Imperial
War Council). He commanded the Leibeskadron. The others were commanded by the Oberstleutnant (lt.-


colonel), the Obristwachtmeister (major) and the ordinary squadrons by Rittmeister (captains). The company
was an administrative unit consisting of:
1 Rittmeister captain
1 Leutnant Lieutenant
1 Kornett cornet as officer,
1 Wachtmeister sergeant
1 Fourier quartermaster
1 Feldscher surgeon/barber
1 Musterschreiber clerk
1 Trompeter trumpeter,
1 Sattler saddler
1 Schmied smith
1 Plattner armourer
3 Korporale corporals
60-70 Gefreite & Gemeine lance corporals and privates

The combat formation was the squadron, which was made up of two companies. Correspondingly the
squadron would have carried two standards as shown in the formation diagram.

The regiment of dragoons consisted of about 1700 men divided into 12 companies with an additional
grenadier company added in 1713 to all regiments. In addition to a prima plana like that of the cuirassiers,
the dragoon company had 4 corporals and 60-84 dragoons. The standard-bearer was titled Fhnrich (ensign,
as for infantry), the captain was a Hauptmann, and the drummer took the place of the trumpeter.

On foot the regiment formed into 3 ranks, the middle being the corps de bataille and both wings similarly, as
for the infantry battalion. On riding forward to form up on foot the odd rows dragoons always formed up
in three rows and each group of three dragoons was a row rode forward and dismounted. The horses
were tied together with the reins within the ranks and platoons. The dragoons marched forward through the
lanes between the horses and formed up as a platoon. The Obristwachtmeister and the adjutant
(Wachtmeister-Leutnant) remained on horse.

Standards and Guidons

Cuirassier Standards

The Leibeskadron both in the cuirassiers and the dragoons carried a white standard (* see below R.H.) The
standards of the cuirassiers were about 48cm square. Dragoon guidons were larger and swallow-tailed with a
length of 252cm, 184cm in the cutout and a height of 157cm.
The ground colour of the standards were:

Regiment ground fringes embroidery
Caprara light blue red silver
Roccavione red none silver
Lobkowitz red golden golden
Palffy red silver silver
Commercy yellow silver silver
Ansbach-Bay. crimson black/silver silver
Cronsfeld red none silver
Alt-Hannover red black/gold silver
Jung-Hannover yellow black/gold silver
Caraffa light blue red gold
Breuner crimson gold gold
Cusani dark red gold gold
Pfalz-Neuberg light blue silver silver


Martigny crimson silver golden
Visconti blue none silver
Bamberg white gold gold

(* Notes on standards/guidons: the examples shown in the plates are taken after the Triomphes de Louis
XIV as published by Belaubre or are drawn from existing examples in the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum,
Vienna. Although several standards exist for some regiments, there is no evidence of any white standards
that could belong to the colonels company. The example of Bamberg does not contradict this, since at that
time it was not an Imperial regiment. As far as the dragoons are concerned, all evidence points to them
having red guidons. There is no existing guidon or painting showing a guidon of another colour. There are
no existing guidons or any illustrations of Imperial guidons in white. While the infantry did indeed have
white colonels flags, it would appear that the cavalry only received these much later probably after the
reign of Carl VI. -R.H.)


Example of a reconstruction of a cuirassier Leibstandarte (see note above). Ground white, fringes,
embroidery and the halo of the Madonna and the eagles, the sceptre and the chain of the order all gold.
Double eagle black with red/white/red breast shield. Madonna with blue cloak and red dress, sword silver
with golden hilt. The claws and beaks of the eagle are also golden, as is the crown, lined blue.

















Squadron standard of the cuirassier regiment Herzog v. Lothringen und Bar (1698-1705), GFWM Ferdinand
Graf Breuner (1705-1710), FML Thomas E. Prinz von Savoyen (1710-1735). Cloth crimson, fringes,
embroidery, sceptre golden. Base under the mortar green/golden. Mortar, sword, motto, grenade silver.
Flames mixed red/gold, black eagle with red/white/red breast shield. Crown golden with blue lining. Motto
NON INVITA CADAM in black. This standard was carried already in 1683 when the regiment belonged to
Bernhard Freiherr von Coneberg und Dupigny.

Squadron standard of the cuirassier regiment Vaudemont (-1704 then Martigny). Ground crimson. Fringes,
clouds, lightning trees and embroidery golden. Edging silver, as are the medallions around the crosses of
Lorraine. The medallions are framed in gold. Thomas von Lothringen, Frst von Vaudemont (Thomas of


Lorraine, Prince of Vaudmont) was owner of the regiment from 1691 till 1704. On the other side is the
double eagle.



Squadron standard of the cuirassier regiment Glckelsberg (-1693 then Caraffa, then Hessen-Darmstadt).
Ground light blue, fringes, embroidery, pillars and base, crowns all golden. Motto white ribbon with the
motto Qui legitime cera in black. (Belaubre completed the motto to QUI LEGITIME CERTAVERIT and
below: CORONABITUR) On the other side the usual double eagle.




Squadron standard of the cuirassier regiment Caprara (-1701). Ground light blue with red fringes. The
obverse with silver embroidery. Shield holder lions blue/gold, coat of arms red at the top, the half-lion
growing out of the lower field is golden. The lower half is blue with six golden stars arranged 3/2/1. Over
the shield an open crown and silver ribbon. The motto is no longer legible.




Standard of the cuirassier regiment Bamberg. Leibstandarte white ground and fringes white/golden,
squadron standard red, and fringes red/golden. On the oval within a baroque cartouche the arms of the
Prince Bishop Peter Philipp von Dernbach: quartered with a middle shield the fields outlined in gold; 1 and
4: a black lion on gold, overlaid with a silver band; 2: the Franconian three-pointed field of red and silver; 3:
the golden lance of Wrzburg lying diagonally on a blue field and with a red/silver quartered flag. Around
the cartouche is a golden laurel wreath, tied with ribbons at top and bottom. Above the motto CVM DEO
PRO CAESARE ET PATRIA in gold. On the reverse the black Imperial double eagle on gold holding the
sceptre and orb in its claws. Below the year of foundation, 1676 in golden letters. The description from the
museum asserts under this flag the regiment fought at Zenta in 1697 and in Bavaria in 1704. (Unlikely,
judging by the good condition of the standards.)




Standard of the cuirassier regiment Hallwyl (?) 1711. Reverse: red ground, fringes red/gold, silver cross on
a red field, surrounded by silver clouds, beneath it a green meadow and above the motto on a silver ribbon
IN HOC VINCES. Surrounded by silver/gold laurel branches. The obverse has a silver (!) double eagle with
the Imperial crown and the cipher IAI (=Josephus Imperator Augustus) surrounded by the order of the
Golden Fleece. Otherwise as for the reverse.

Several other examples of the standards of this regiment still exist:
2
nd
example: Reverse an armoured arm carrying a lance and coming out of clouds. Above the motto on
silver TOLLE MORAS.
3
rd
example: Reverse a one-headed black eagle over the clouds flying towards the sun. Above the motto on
silver: SALUTI PUBLICAE.
4
th
example: Obverse with a black double eagle drawn in silver. Reverse a one-headed black eagle without
crown or accessories. Above the motto on silver IN HOSTES PARITER ET ............ (illegible).

The cipher IAI (=Josephus Imperator Augustus) indicates the standards as belonging to the reign of Joseph
I. Since the lance points contain the cipher of his brother and successor Carl VI (CVI) it may be assumed the
standards were made during the lifetime of Joseph but were delivered and dedicated afterwards under Carl
(after the 12
th
October 1711). This would indicate that they belong to a regiment that had a change of owner
at this period. Two regiments fulfil this condition: Jung-Hannover and Hallwyl, whereby the latter is to be
preferred since there is the following description for the standard of the other regiment:
Standard of the cuirassier regiment of Jung-Hannover
Yellow ground, on both sides the silver Imperial crown with flying ribbons, beneath it a silver I, in the
corners silver laurel twigs, seam black/yellow and black/golden fringes. (Gilardone, Zf., 3. Jahrgang, page
235)



Cuirassier regiment Graf Leiningen-Westerburg, after 1706 Graf Pfefferkorn (illustration below),
Leibstandarte white ground, obverse black double eagle with sword and sceptre, Imperial crown and
red/white/red shield surrounded by the order of the Golden Fleece, silver embroidery, fringes red/blue/silver.
Reverse a silver pelican with its young ones, on its breast a red (blood-) mark, the motto DVRATA LABORE
EST on a silver ribbon. (Note: It is unclear where the white standard came from. I know only the one from
the Triomphes which has a green ground colour. R.H.)





Dragoon Guidons

Squadron standard of the regiment Eugen Prinz von Savoyen: ground red, fringes red/golden, obverse
initials CRI (Carolus Romanorum Imperator), corner flames and foliage golden, palm branches
green/golden. Reverse the usual black double eagle with the order of the Golden Fleece. Embroidery as for
the obverse. (drawings R. Hall.)





Illustration 2: Guidon of the regiment Lobkowitz (probably from around 1770), here to illustrate the arms of
the family Lobkowitz with regard to the earlier regiment of that name.


Sources and Literature:

1. Friedrich von Muelwerth-Gaertner. Beitrge zur Geschichte der sterreichischen Kavallerie,
Wien 1882.
2. Ausstellungskatalog Prinz Eugen des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums, Wien 1963
3. Dr. Hermann Meynert. Geschichte der k.k. sterreichischen Armee seit der Errichtung der
stehenden Kriegsheere bis auf die neueste Zeit, 2 vols. Prag 1845.
4. Dr. Hermann Meynert. Geschichte der k.k. sterreichischen Armee, ihre Heranbildung und
Organisation sowie Schicksale, Thaten und Feldzge 4 Bd., Wien 1852-54.
5. Richard Ottenfeld. Die sterreichische Armee 1700 1867 Wien 1895.
6. Herbert Kntel. Bildbeitrge zur Heereskunde und zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der
militrischen Tracht, Hamburg 1936.
7. Richard Kntel. Uniformtafeln in Verlag max Babenzien, Rathenow und Verlag
DiepenboickGrther, Nachdruck ab 1981, Berlin-Hamburg.
8. R. Kntel/Sieg. Handbuch fr Uniformkunde, Hamburg 1936, Nachdruck in Farbe (sptere
Kolorierung) Stuttgart 1985.
9. Alphons von Wrede Geschichte der k. und k. Wehrmacht, 5 vols., Wien 1898-1905
10. Unser Heer, 300 Jahre sterreichische Soldatentum in Krieg und Frieden, Wien-Mnchen-
Zrich 1963.


11. Rudolf Donath. Uniformen der kaiserlichen Armee unter Prinz Eugen (Manuskriptdruck),
Simbach/Inn 1965-67.
12. Jean Belaubre. "Les Triomphes des Louis le Grand Paris, 1970.
13. Archivmaterialien der Albertina-Sammlung und des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums Wien.