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Chemical Bonding - Multiple Choice Questions

1. The ion that isoelectronic with CO is



a. CN
-

b. O2
+

c. O2
-

d. N2
+

(JEE 1982)

ans: (a)

isoelectronic means same number of electrons

2. carbon tetrachloride has no net dipole moment because of

a. its planar structure
b. its regular tetrahedral structure
c. similar sizes of carbon and chlorine atoms
d. similar electron affinities of carbon and chlorine
(JEE 1983)

ans (b)

3. which one among the following does not have the hydrogen bond?

a. phenol
b. liquid NH3
c. water
d. liquid HCl
(JEE 1983)

Ans: (d)

4. the types of bonds present in CuSO4.5H2O are only

a. electrovalent and covalent
b. electrovalent and coordinate covalent
c. electrovalent, covalent and coordinate covalent
d. covalent and coordinate covalent

5. On hybridization of one s and one p orbitals we get:

a.two mutually perpendicular orbitals
b. two orbital at 180
c. four orbitals directed tetrahedrally
d. three orbital in a plane
(JEE 1984)

Answer: (b)

6. the molecule having one unpaired electron is:

a. NO
b. CO
c. CN
-

d. O2
(JEE 1985)

Ans: (a)

7. The bond between two identical non-metal atoms has a pair of electrons:

a. unequally shared between the two.
b.transferred fully from one atom to another
c. with identical spins
d. equally shared between them
(JEE 1986)

Ans: (d)

8. the hydrogen bond is strongest in:

a. O-HS
b. S-HO
c. F-HS
d. F-H...O
(JEE 1986)

Answer: ( c )

9. The hybridization of sulphur dioxide is:

a. sp
b. sp
c. dsp
d. sp
(JEE 1986)

answer (b)

10. The bonds present in N2O5 are ______

a. only ionic
b. covalent and coordinate
c. only covalent
d. covalent and ionic
(JEE 1986)

ans: (b)









1. Which one of the following is not a form of chemical bonding?

covalent bonding
hydrogen bonding
ionic bonding
metallic bonding
2. Which one of the following statements about positive ions is incorrect?

they are also known as cations
they are formed when electrons are removed from atoms
they are larger than the atom from which they were formed
they are smaller than the atom from which they were formed
3. Which one of the following statements about negative ions is incorrect?

they are also known as anions
they are formed when atoms gain electrons
they are larger than the atom from which they were formed
they are smaller than the atom from which they were formed
4. Which of the following equations represents the 1st Ionisation Energy of
sodium?

Na(s) ---> Na
+
(g) + e
-

Na(g) ---> Na
+
(g) + e
-

Na(s) ---> Na
+
(s) + e
-

Na(s) + e
-
---> Na
+
(g)


5. Which of the following equations represents the 2nd Ionisation Energy of
sodium?

Na(g) ---> Na
2+
(g) + 2e
-

Na(s) ---> Na
2+
(g) + 2e
-

Na
+
(s) ---> Na
2+
(g) + e
-

Na
+
(g) ---> Na
2+
(g) + e
-

6. Which of the following successive ionisation energies belong to a Group II
element?

320, 600, 1110, 1700, 5650
577, 1820, 2740, 11600, 14800
428, 3070, 4600, 5860, 7990
736, 1451, 7740, 10500, 13600
7. Which one of the following pairs atoms is most likely to form an ionic bond?

Na and F
C and F
N and F
O and F
8. Aluminium is in Group III. Its oxide will have the formula...

AlO
AlO
2

Al
2
O
3

Al
3
O
2



9. Which of the following statements about sodium chloride is incorrect?

it has a high melting point
it conducts electricity at room temperature
it is soluble in water
it is brittle

10. The structure normally associated with ionic bonding is...

a giant lattice
a simple molecule
a giant molecule
a regular arrangement of ions surrounded by a sea, or cloud, of electrons
11. Covalent bonds are least likely to be formed...

between atoms of the same element
between atoms of different elements on the right of the periodic table
by head of the group elements with high ionisation energies
between an element in Group I and an element in Group VII
12. In which one of the following does the central atom not possess an 'octet' in
its outer shell?

BH
3

CH
4

NH
3

H
2
O


13. Instantaneous dipole-induced dipole forces are also known as...

dipole-dipole interactions
hydrogen bonds
covalent bonds
van der Waals forces
14. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

the greater the number of electrons in a molecule, the greater the van der
Waals forces
the layers in graphite are held together by van der Waals forces
the boiling point of noble gases increases down the group
water has a higher than expected boiling point because of intermolecular van
der Waals forces



15. The correct order of increasing attractive strength for weak intermolecular
forces is...

dipole-dipole interaction, hydrogen bonding, van der Waals forces
van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole interaction, hydrogen bonding
hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole interaction, van der Waals forces
hydrogen bonding, van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole interaction



16. Which one of the following correctly describes the trend in electronegativity?

increases across a period and decreases down a group
decreases across a period and decreases down a group
increases across a period and increases down a group
decreases across a period and increases down a group



17. Which of the following molecules has no net dipole moment?

HCl
H
2
O
CCl
4

CH
3
Cl



18. Which one of the following exhibits intermolecular hydrogen bonding?

HF
HCl
HBr
HI



19. Which one of the following is not true of water?

in ice each water molecule is bonded to four others
water molecules have a high boiling point due to intermolecular hydrogen
bonding
ice has a structure similar to that of diamond
water has a maximum density at 1C



20. Which of the following is not a macromolecule?

diamond
graphite
iodine
silica



21. Which of the following statements about graphite is not true?

the coordination number of carbon atoms is 4
the carbon atoms are arranged layers
the layers in graphite are attracted to each other by weak forces
the carbon atoms use only three of their four outer electrons for covalent
bonding



22. Which one of the following statements about diamond is not true?

the coordination number of carbon atoms is 4
diamond is an isotope of graphite
diamond has a high melting point
diamond has a rigid, tetrahedral structure



23. Which of the following pairs do not form a dative covalent bond to each
other?

NH
3
and H
+

H
2
O and H
+

NH
3
and BF
3

CH
4
and AlCl
3




24. A Lewis base is a...

lone pair acceptor
lone pair donor
proton acceptor
proton donor



25. A compound is more likely to be covalent if the...

cation has a small size and a high charge
anion has a small size and a high charge
cation has a large size and a small charge
anion has a small size and a small charge


26. Which of the following has the greatest covalent character?

NaCl
MgCl
2

AlCl
3

SiCl
4



27. Which of the following has the greatest covalent character?

LiCl
NaCl
KCl
RbCl


28. Which one of the following is not true of metallic bonding?

it gives rise to excellent electrical conductivity
electrons are free to move throughout the structure
the strength of metallic bonds increases down a group
the strength of metallic bonding affects the boiling point of metals


29. Which one of the following statements about the melting point of metals is
true?

sodium has a lower melting point than potassium
sodium has a higher melting point than magnesium
potassium has a higher melting point than rubidium
lithium has a lower melting point than sodium


30. Which one of the following statements about the three states of matter is
incorrect?

in solids the particles vibrate about fixed positions
energy is released when a gas turns back to a liquid
particles in gases move in a random manner
the closer particles are together, the smaller the force of attraction between
them

Chemistry: Multiple Choice Questions in Chemical bonding
1. Which substance has a polar covalent bond between its atoms?
(A) K3N
(B) Ca3N2
(C) NaCl
(D) F2
(E) NH3

2. Which kinds of bonding can be found in a sample of H2O(l)?
(A) Hydrogen bonds only
(B) Nonpolar covalent bonds only
(C) Ionic and nonpolar hydrogen bonds
(D) Both polar covalent and hydrogen bonds
(E) Metallic and ionic bonds

3. When an ionic compound is dissolved in water, the ions in solution can best be described
as
(A) hydrated molecules only
(B) dehydrated ions and molecules
(C) both hydrated molecules and hydrated ions
(D) neither hydrated ions nor hydrated molecules
(E) hydrated ions only

4. Which substance represents a molecule that can combine with a proton (H1+)?
(A) NH3
(B) Na1+
(C) HCl
(D) H3O1+
(E) H

5. Which compound contains no ionic character?
(A) NH4Cl
(B) CaO
(C) K2O
(D) Li2O
(E) CO

6. The forces of attraction that exist between nonpolar molecules are called
(A) Van der Waals / dispersion forces
(B) ionic bonds
(C) covalent bonds
(D) electrovalent bonds
(E) metallic bonds

7. Which substance is a network solid?
(A) Li2O
(B) SiO2
(C) H2O
(D) CO2
(E) NaCl

8. Which molecule is a polar molecule?
(A) N2
(B) H2O
(C) CH4
(D) CO2
(E) KCl

9. Which is the chemical formula for iron(III)sulfate?
(A) Fe2SO4
(B) Fe3SO4
(C) Fe(SO4)3
(D) Fe2(SO4)3
(E) Fe2S3

10. In which of the following compounds are hydrogen bonds between molecules the
strongest?
(A) HF
(B) HCl
(C) HBr
(D) HI
(E) HAt

Answer
1. (E) 2. (D) 3. (E)4. (A) 5. (E) 6. (A)7. (B) 8. (B) 9. (D) 10. (A)