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PART 1:


1.0 three different types of
expository essays.





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1.1 PROCESS ESSAY

HOW TO MAKE CHOCOLATE

Making chocolate from the bean isn't easy. Chocolate companies invest millions
of dollars into tools and machinery to turn bitter cacao beans into delicious chocolate
bars. But with many hours or possibly days of hard work and dedication to detail, along
with some equipment of your own, you can turn your kitchen into a miniature chocolate
factory. By following these instructions and techniques, you'll be able to make your very
own brand of chocolate.
Roast the cocoa beans. The process is similar to roasting coffee beans, except
with gentler requirements: 5-35 minutes at temperatures between 120-160 degrees
C(250-325 degrees F). You must generally expose the beans to an initial high
temperature, lower the temperature gradually, and stop roasting when the beans start to
crack (but not burn). The first image shows the cocoa beans before roasting, and the
second image shows the after-result. You can accomplish this in your oven or by using
a store-bought roaster.
Crack and winnow the beans. After roasting, the beans must be cracked into nibs
and winnowed, whereby the husks (chaff) are removed. You can crack the beans with a
hammer and remove the husks (which should be loose after proper roasting) by hand if
you are working with a small batch. For larger batches, you can use a very coarse,
Corona type mill or purchase a specialized mill (shown here, also see Citations below)
to crack the beans into nibs. (In case you were wondering, a meat grinder doesn't work.)





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Grind the nibs into a cocoa liqueur. You will need equipment strong enough to
liquefy the nibs and separate the remaining husks. General food processors, Vita-Mix,
coffee grinders (burr and blade), meat grinders (manual and electric) mortar and
pestles, and most juicers will not work. Feed the nibs into the juicer one handful at a
time, being sure to push them in gently (not forcefully) or else the motor may overheat.
Cocoa liqueur will come through the screen and a mixture of husks and liqueur will find
its way through the spout. Feed this mixture through the juicer again until only the husk
comes through the spout.
Conch and refine the chocolate. By definition, conching affects the characteristic
taste, smell and texture of the chocolate, while refining reduces the size of the cocoa
solids and sugar crystals. Both processes can be applied at the same time with a
powerful wet grinder (success has been reported with a Spectra 10 melanger, also
called the "Stone Chocolate Melanger"; see Citations below).
Lastly, mold the chocolate while it is still at about 90 degrees F. Pour the
chocolate into the molds, careful not to spill. Some people find it effective to use a large
syringe to place chocolate in the mold, but it is all about personal preference. When all
of the chocolate has been added to the molds, you may either freeze, refrigerate, or let
them harden at room temperature. Again, it's all about personal preference, and there is
no right way to do it.







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1.2 CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY

EFFECT OF SMOKING

Every year million of Americans seek treatment from smoking related illnesses
and the number is increasing each year according to some statistics. As smoking is one
of the socially accepted evils, it is considered to be one of the hardest addictions to
cure. Studies have revealed that short term effects of smoking like instant stimulation is
what causes people to get addicted. It has also been suggested that cigarette smoking
has physiological and psychological effect to our body.

People say that smoking helps when they are stressed, this is partly because of
the fact that cigarette smoke has an effect on the neurotransmitters that control the
release of hormones like serotonin. This hormone is responsible for stress relief and
when people smoke, the pseudo stimulation causes the release of this hormone. Hence
people develop a psychological dependency on smoking whenever they feel they are
stressed.

Other psychological short term effects of smoking cigarettes are an increased
sense of awareness caused due to certain chemicals stimulating the visual cortex.
Adrenalin is also one of the hormones released when people smoke and this gives an
energetic feeling to the smoker. This causes psychological dependence on smoking for
stimulation in many people. Many people continuing smoking because they think one of
the effects of cigarette smoking is increased levels of concentration.






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Perhaps the most significant effects of smoking during pregnancy is increased
nausea and vomiting. A large number of people will experience light dizziness when
they have a smoke, especially their first cigarette of the day. Probably one of the most
significant side effect of smoking is loss of appetite. People who have existing allergies
will experience more irritation when they smoke, some will also experience an itching
sensation in some parts of the body. Nicotine addiction is also known to cause
headaches and irritation in the eyes which can be really discomforting.

Most people ignore the short term effects of smoking as they can recover quickly
from these while some people have selective memory, meaning they only remember the
good times and not the problems. If you planning to quit smoking due to its adverse
effects you could try nicotine patches or chewing gum available in the market to control
nicotine addiction.














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1.3 COMPARISON AND CONTRAST ESSAY

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER OR ADMINISTORS?

One of the most important decisions of your life is choosing a career. When you
have two main options to study you can compare them in order to see the advantages
and disadvantages. The purpose of this essay is to examine the differences between
being an Industrial Engineer and being an Administrator. These are two similar careers,
but each of them offers you different opportunities as a student and as a professional.
Three main aspects comparing these two careers are the job opportunities, the specific
skills you acquire and the work areas.
One of the main aspects you should consider in selecting a career is the job
opportunities. As an Industrial Engineer you have a very wide open field. You can work
in many different areas. Industrial Engineers can work as administrators, manufacturers,
and in departments such as human resources. As an Administrator you are more
specialized, and the work field is more reduced. You can only work in departments such
as human resources and economics but not in manufacturing or productivity
departments.
Another very important differences the knowledge you acquire. As an Industrial
Engineer you will obtain more objective and specialized reasoning abilities. You will
have to study subjects such as Physics and Mathematics and other kinds of subjects
such as Human Resources and Administration. As an Engineer you will obtain both a
social and a mathematical perspective. As an Administrator you have subjects such as
Finance and Private Rights. You will obtain a better social perspective, but not a very
critical or specialized mathematical reasoning.



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A third aspect to consider is what would you like to do after graduating. Both
careers are good to be an entrepreneur. Engineers are able to work in the
manufacturing process in order to offer good quality. Administrators are able to work
checking the economic and material resources in order to produce. An Administrator is
specialized in the financial aspects, and the Engineer is specialized in the productivity. It
depends which area you like the most.
Definitely, both careers are great options. Both are needed in industry and
business. It is very important to analyze if you are more into business or if you are more
into manufacturing. Engineers use a very high level of critical thinking and analysis
talking about productivity. Administrators use a very specialized reasoning talking about
economics and resources. Both are similar, but they focus on different aspects within
the enterprise. It is a matter of knowing yourself and finding out what kind of student and
professional you want to be.















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PART 1:


2.0 analysis structures of
each essays








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2.1 STRUCTURE OF HOW TO MAKE CHOCOLATE

Title: How to Make Chocolate
Source: Book
Type of essay: Process Essay

Structures in each of the paragraph:

i) Paragraph 1
Thesis statement
The instruction to make a chocolate at home

ii) Paragraph 2
Topic sentence
Roast the cocoa beans
Supporting details
- Roast between 5-35 minutes at temperatures between 120-160 degrees C.
- Expose the beans to an initial high temperature, lower the temperature gradually.
- stop roasting when the beans start to crack .
- Can roast the cocoa beans use oven or store-bought roaster





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Cohesive device
1. repetition:
-cocoa beans
2. synonymy:
- the process
3. pronoun:
- this

iii) Paragraph 3:
Topic sentence
Crack and winnow the beans
Supporting details
- the beans must be cracked into nibs and winnowed, whereby the husks (chaff)
are removed.
- Crack the beans with a hammer and remove the husks by hand if working with a
small batch.
- For larger batches, use a very coarse, corona type mill or specialized mill to
crack the beans into nibs.
Cohesive devices
1. repetition
- the beans




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iv) Paragraph 4
Topic sentence
Grind the nibs into a cocoa liqueur
Supporting details
- Need equipment strong enough to liquefy the nibs and separate the remaining
husks.
- Push the grind nibs in gently or else the motor may overheat.
- Cocoa liqueur will come through the screen and a mixture of husks and liqueur
will find its way through the spout.
- This mixture will feed again through the juicer until only the husk comes through
the spout.
Cohesive devices
1. repetition
- the nibs
- the juicer
- husk
- the spout
2. synonymy
- liqueur
3. Pronoun
- This mixture




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v) Paragraph 5
Topic sentence
Conch and refine the chocolate
Supporting details
- Conching affects the characteristic taste, smell and texture of the chocolate
- Refining reduces the size of the cocoa solids and sugar crystals.
- Both processes can be applied at the same time with a powerful wet grinder
Cohesive devices
1. repetition
- the chocolate
- refine
3. synonymy
- both process











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vi) Paragraph 6
Topic sentence
Mold the chocolate while it is still at about 90 degrees F
Supporting details
-Pour the chocolate into the molds with careful
-Some people use a large syringe to place chocolate in the mold.
-You may either freeze, refrigerate, or let them harden at room temperature after
it place in the mold.
Cohesive device
1. repetition
- the chocolate
- the mold- repetition













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2.2 STRUCTURE OF EFFECT OF SMOKING

Title: effect of smoking
Source: internet
Type of essay: cause and effect essay

Structure in each of the paragraph
i) Paragraph 1
Thesis statement
Psychological and physiological effects of smoking cigarettes

ii) Paragraph 2
Topic sentence
Helps release stress
Supporting details
- cigarette smoke has an effect on the neurotransmitters that control the
release of hormones like serotonin.
- This hormone is responsible for stress relief and when people smoke, the
pseudo stimulation causes the release of this hormone.
- People develop a psychological dependency on smoking whenever they feel
they are stressed.




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Cohesive device
1. repetition:
- hormones
2. pronoun:
- they

iii) Paragraph 3
Topic sentence
An increased sense of awareness caused due to certain chemicals stimulating the
visual cortex.
Supporting details
- Adrenalin is also one of the hormones released when people smoke and this
gives an energetic feeling to the smoker.
- This causes psychological dependence on smoking for stimulation in many
people.
- Many people continuing smoking because they think one of the effects of
cigarette smoking is increased levels of concentration.
Cohesive devices
1. Pronoun:
- this
- they
2. Repetition:
- many people


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iv) Paragraph 4
Topic sentence
Significant effects of smoking during pregnancy is increased nausea and vomiting.
Supporting details
- A large number of people will experience light dizziness when they have a
smoke, especially their first cigarette of the day.
- Probably one of the most significant side effect of smoking is loss of appetite.
- People who have existing allergies will experience more irritation when they
smoke, some will also experience an itching sensation in some parts of the
body.
- Nicotine addiction is also known to cause headaches and irritation in the eyes
which can be really discomforting.
Cohesive device
-none-












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2.3 STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEER OR ADMINISTOR ?

Title: Industrial Engineer or Administor?
Source: Book
Type of essay: Comparison and contrast essay

Structure of each paragraph
i) Paragraph 1
Thesis statement
Three main aspects comparing career of Industrial Engineer and Administor

ii) Paragraph 2
Topic sentence
the main aspects you should consider in selecting a career is the job opportunities
Supporting details
- Industrial Engineers can work as administrators, manufacturers, and in
departments such as human resources.
- As an Administrator you are more specialized, and the work field is more
reduced.
- You can only work in departments such as human resources and economics
but not in manufacturing or productivity departments.




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Cohesive devices
1. repetition
- industrial engineer

iii) Paragraph 3
Topic sentence
The knowledge you acquire
Supporting details
- As an Industrial Engineer you will obtain more objective and specialized
reasoning abilities.
- You will have to study subjects such as Physics and Mathematics and other
kinds of subjects such as Human Resources and Administration.
- As an Engineer you will obtain both a social and a mathematical perspective.
- As an Administrator you have subjects such as Finance and Private Rights
that will obtain a better social perspective, but not a very critical or specialized
mathematical reasoning.
Cohesive devices:
1. Synonymy
- an engineer







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iv) Paragraph 4
Topic sentence
A third aspect to consider is what would you like to do after graduating
Supporting details
- Engineers are able to work in the manufacturing process in order to offer
good quality.
- Administrators are able to work checking the economic and material
resources in order to produce.
- An Administrator is specialized in the financial aspects, and the Engineer is
specialized in the productivity.
Cohesive device
1. synonymy:
- both career
-area
2. repetition:
- an administor
- engineer
3. pronoun:
- it






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PART 1:


3.0 Graphic organizer of
choosen essay






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3.1 GRAPHIC ORGANIZER OF HOW TO MAKE CHOCOLATE

























First, Roast the
cocoa beans
Grind the nibs into a
cocoa liqueur

Crack and winnow
the beans

Conch and refine the
chocolate

the husks (chaff) are removed.
Crack the beans with a hammer and remove the
husks by hand if working with a small batch
For larger batches, use a very coarse, corona type
mill or specialized mill to crack the beans into nibs.
Roast between 5-35 minutes at temperatures
between 120-160 degrees C.
lower the temperature gradually from
initial temperature
stop roasting when the beans start to
crack
Can roast the cocoa beans use oven or
store-bought roaster
Need equipment strong enough to liquefy
the nibs and separate the remaining
husks.
Push the grind nibs in gently
Cocoa liqueur will come through the
screen and a mixture of husks and
liqueur will find its way through the spout.
This mixture will feed again through the
juicer until only the husk comes through
the spout.



conching affects the characteristic taste,
smell and texture of the chocolate
Refining reduces the size of the cocoa
solids and sugar crystals.
Both processes can be applied at the same
time with a powerful wet grinder

Mold the chocolate
while it is still at
about 90 degrees F
Pour the chocolate into the
molds with careful
Some people use a large
syringe to place chocolate in the
mold.
You may either freeze,
refrigerate, or let them harden at
room temperature after it place
in the mold.

1
2
4
5
3

HOW TO
MAKE
CHOCOLATE


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PART 2:


4.0 Draft of essay in graphic
organizer





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4.1 : DRAFT OF ESSAY: HEALTH AND NUTRITION















Carbohydrates are used as
energy for the body.
source: fruit, vegetables, whole
grains and beans over refined
carbohydrates such as sugar,
white flour or prepackaged foods.
Problems should be
handled properly to
avoid negative emotion
dominate us
Vitamins and minerals use foods
as fuel, destroy free radicals,
fight off illnesses, and keep
tissues healthy and other
important functions.
source: Fruits and vegetables
Various type of
exercise:
i) Jogging
ii) Cycling
iii) Walking
Keeps stress low
to keeps the
immune system in
good condition
Benefit of exercise:
-stimulates the organs like the heart and
joints
-activates the whole body, giving vitality
even to the farthest cell
-increases the oxygen intake per day
-increases the rate of blood circulation
-reducing carbon dioxide emissions.
-increases our stamina to work

Stress tenses neck and back
muscles which causes some
vertebras in the spinal column
to move and dislocate
provoking a series of
disorders.

tips to keep
our body
healthy
Exercising daily
get an adequate
nutrition
avoiding stress


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PART 2:


5.0 Complete essay based
on the draft





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5.1 EXPOSITORY ESSAY: HEALTH AND NUTRITION

TITLE: HOW TO KEEP YOURSELF HEALTHY

Health must be maintained every day. However, many people ignore the health
esspecially teenagers, particularly because changes of comfortable environment and
improved facilities from the effects of rapid development. It is necessary to keep healthy
, especially when we reach adolescence. This is because in this age, teenagers need to
focus to work, study and other things as their responsibility also increasing with age.
Every aspect must be maintained to ensure that our bodies stay healthy. Thus, some
tips can be applied to keep our body healthy and energetic.
First, we should always get an adequate nutrition, it is necessary to have a
balanced combination of the following elements such as minerals, Vitamins,
Carbohydrates, and Water to keep us healthy. Carbohydrates are used as energy for
the body. Choose carbohydrates such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains and beans over
refined carbohydrates such as sugar, white flour or prepackaged foods. Vitamins and
minerals assist in reactions and processes that use foods as fuel, destroy free radicals,
fight off illnesses, and keep tissues healthy and other important functions. Vitamins and
minerals are found in a variety of foods, and a balanced diet can provide the essentials.
Fruits and vegetables are high in most vitamins such as A, C and folic acid.
The second tip is avoiding stress. Problems should be handled properly.
Emotional control is important in addressing any problems to prevent emotions
dominate us. If we let emotions dominate ourselves, we easily get stress. It is essential
to keep stress low. These keeps the immune system in good condition which produces
as a consequence, good health. Stress, on the other hand, tenses neck and back
muscles which causes some vertebras in the spinal column to move and dislocate
provoking a series of disorders.



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Exercising daily is also an essential factor for good health, Exercise stimulates
the organs like the heart and joints, and in general, activates the whole body, giving
vitality even to the farthest cell. In addition, exercise increases the oxygen intake per
day in addition to reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Much oxygen increases the rate
of blood circulation in body. Exercise also increases our stamina everyday. Therefore,
exercise everyday can increase the productivity of work to do any work without feeling
tired and exhausted in the short term. Various activities can be done every day, such as
jogging, cycling and walking in the evening for 10 minutes.
The above tips are simple tips to keep our bodies stay healthy. A healthy body
ensures a better life and improves our life. These simple tips will not only can be
practice by young people, but also can be practice by all people. Every aspect should
be maintained from nutrition needs until emotional health for optimal health. A healthy
lifestyle will result avoid increasing of disease every year and save the cost of
medicines in our country.













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6.0 REFLECTION

I have received a coursework for this semester for subject English
Language Proficiency that will be a responsible to me to finish it as a duty for this
semester. The coursework is regarding the writing skill and identification of structure
based on example of essays found. The process to finish the coursework increases my
knowledge, experience and also I got a few problems at the same time.
This coursework teach us how to identify the structure of expository essay
regarding issue given. This knowledge is a new thing for me as a teacher trainee that
will used this skill to teach a student how to write an essay well. If I replay back my past
time, I only learn how to write simple essay and had given the format to revised on.
Now, I can understand very clearly the format of expository essay and identify well the
structure of essay and use suitable format of writing especially when I became a
teacher after graduate.
Besides, many problems also I got on the short period to finish this coursework. I
face many problems to write the contents of this coursework. First of all, I cannot
understand properly the question of this task. That problem waste my time to
understand the task given. Alhamdulillah, with my lecturer help, Madam Normah binti
Ismail, I can understand what the task that I must do is. She give a clear guide line how
to write the coursework and how to identify the structure of an essay. She is very kind
because he did not angry if I want to ask her how to do the coursework. With her help, I
can finish this coursework on time.
The second problem is to find the suitable example of essay for my coursework.
These essay are very important thing and the first things to find to do the coursework. At
first, after lecturer gives this task, I confused to find suitable expository essay for my
coursework because the task is general. Then, I try solve the problem by ask for a help
from my classmate and Madam Normah too. Finally my entire problem solved and with
help from all kind people, I finished my coursework on time.



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Lastly, as a student in this institute, I hope, lecturer will give good marks for my
coursework and my coursework were answering all the questions given and follows the
criterias needed in this task. I hope, with this new knowledge I have learnt in the period
to finish the coursework can improve my ability as a good teacher after graduate.
Thank you.
















Faizal
(MUHAMMAD FAIZAL MUHAMAD NOR)
PISMP KAJIAN SOSIAL SEM 1


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7.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY

Angelina Subrayan, Matilda Xavier (2006). Extreme PMR Buster English Form 3. PMR
Practice. Petaling Jaya, Selangor: Sasbadi Sdn Bhd.
Harbans Kaur, Leena James (2006). Effective Practice MUET. Shah Alam, Selangor:
Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn Bhd
Joyce M. Hwakins (2003). Kamus Dwibahasa Oxford Fajar. Kuala Lumpur.
Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn Bhd.




















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