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Andrej Bjelaković Savremeni engleski jezik G2 Izgovor

Most of the recordings are available on YouTube. Also check out Paul Meier’s http://www.dialectsarchive.com and http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/wells/accentsanddialects/ where John Wells uploaded the recordings originally published on cassettes to accompany his 1982 Accents of English. IPA symbols and sounds: www.phonetics.ucla.edu/course/chapter1/chapter1.html

Old RP

Speakers: William Henry Beveridge, John Maynard Keynes, Edith Sitwell, Alec Douglas- Home amd Bertrand Russell. Additional speakers: King George V and Queen Mary, Christabel Harriette Pankhurst, Herbert Beerbohm Tree, Virginia Woolf, John Gielgud, Vivien Leigh, Laurence Olivier, Patricia Hughes, as well as many of the interviewees on this page:

Features:

GOOSE is fully back [] (today [ʉː])

TRAP [ɛ] ~ [ɛ ə ] (with a certain degree of pharyngealization, making it sound “bleated”)

DRESS [e]

happY [ɪ] ~ [e]

PRICE [aɪ] (today [ ɪ])

FACE [eɪ] ~ [eː ɪ ] (today [ɛɪ])

LOT [ɒ] ~ [ɒ] (today closer to [ɔ]) THOUGHT [ɔː] (today [])

Intervocalic /r/ alveolar tap [ɾ]

Final schwa usually pretty open [ʌ]

(short front vowels are closer than in contemporary RP)

(both more open than in contemporary RP)

Unstressed syllables often have KIT rather than schwa (cruellest, intellectual etc.)

Andrej Bjelaković Savremeni engleski jezik G2 Izgovor

Cockney

Speakers: Steve Harris, Vinnie Jones and Adele Additional speakers: Ray Winstone, Mickey Flanegan, Ian Dury etc.

Features:

Diphthong shift: FACE ɪ] ~ [aɪ]

ɪ] ~ [ɒɪ]

PRICE[

FLEECE [ɪi] ~ [əi], GOOSE [ʊʉ] ~[əʉ]

MOUTH ʊ] ~ [æ:]

L-vocalization: [ɫ] > [o]

TH-fronting: [θ] > [f], [ð] > [v]

T-glottalling ubiquitous (present even intervocalically in word-medial positions)

H-dropping

Short non-back vowels more similar to Old RP than to Modern RP, i.e DRESS and TRAP are closer, and STRUT is more front than in Contemporary RP.

Estuary English the middle ground between Cockney and RP

Andrej Bjelaković Savremeni engleski jezik G2 Izgovor

Australia/New Zealand

Speakers: Steve Irwin, Julia Gillard and Georgina Ball

Features:

Diphthong shift: FACE ɪ] ~ [aɪ] PRICE[ ɪ] ~ [ɒɪ] FLEECE [ɪi] ~ [əi], GOOSE [ʊʉ] ~[əʉ]

MOUTH ʊ] ~ [ɛʊ]

Dark /l/ throughout (velarized or pharyngealized)

No T-Glottalling, H-Dropping or TH-Fronting

T-voicing widespread (intervocalic, syllable-final /t/ is [ɾ])

Short front vowels closer, similar to Old RP and Cockney

TRAP [ɛ]

DRESS [e]

KIT AU [i], NZ [ɪ]~[ə]

START fronted [] ~ [ɐː]

NZ: SQUARE and NEAR are merged to [eː] ~ [iː]

Andrej Bjelaković Savremeni engleski jezik G2 Izgovor

Andrej Bjelakovi ć Savremeni engleski jezik G2 – Izgovor