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PV Elite

Quick Start


Version 2013 (15.0)

November 2012

DICAS-PE-200134A










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Contents
PV Elite Quick Start ..................................................................................................................................... 5
A Quick Look Around .............................................................................................................................. 6
Component Buttons ................................................................................................................................ 7
Building the Vessel from the Bottom Up ................................................................................................. 8
Dimensions ............................................................................................................................................. 9
Material Specification ............................................................................................................................ 13
Updating the Other Components in the Vessel .................................................................................... 15
The Status Bar at the Bottom of the Screen ......................................................................................... 17
The Output Processor ........................................................................................................................... 18
Generating and Printing the Final Pressure Vessel Report .................................................................. 19
Data Input Other information .............................................................................................................. 21
Design Constraints (Global Settings in PV Elite) .................................................................................. 22
Inserting a Component .......................................................................................................................... 26
Deleting a Component .......................................................................................................................... 27
Node Numbers ...................................................................................................................................... 27
Adding a Nozzle to the Model ............................................................................................................... 28
Nozzle Orientation Around the Vessel .................................................................................................. 29
Flip Model Orientation ........................................................................................................................... 30

Contents


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S E C T I O N 1
This quick start shows you the most important features of the new interface, and shows the
step-by-step procedures required to build a model. Not every aspect of the data entry is
covered, but this guide gives you enough information to understand the basic principles. Refer
to the documentation for more information about the different fields in the interface.
In This Section
A Quick Look Around ..................................................................... 6
Component Buttons ....................................................................... 7
Building the Vessel from the Bottom Up ........................................ 8
Dimensions .................................................................................... 9
Material Specification ..................................................................... 13
Updating the Other Components in the Vessel ............................. 15
The Status Bar at the Bottom of the Screen .................................. 17
The Output Processor .................................................................... 18
Generating and Printing the Final Pressure Vessel Report ........... 19
Data Input Other information ...................................................... 21
Design Constraints (Global Settings in PV Elite) ........................... 22
Inserting a Component .................................................................. 26
Deleting a Component ................................................................... 27
Node Numbers ............................................................................... 27
Adding a Nozzle to the Model ........................................................ 28
Nozzle Orientation Around the Vessel ........................................... 29
Flip Model Orientation .................................................................... 30

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A Quick Look Around
After you have PV Elite running, you will see this screen:

Before getting into any details, let us build a simple vertical vessel. Our first vessel has three
parts as shown below:

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The vessel is built in PV Elite from the bottom to the top; or, the case of a horizontal vessel, from
left to right. We will build a horizontal vessel later. This shows how the vessel is built:

Component Buttons
Near the top of the main window on the Home tab, there is a row of buttons called Element
panel:

Working from left to right, the components referred are:

Cylindrical Shell

Hemispherical Head

Ellipse Head (Ellipsoidal Head)

Torispherical Head (F & D Head)

Conical Head or Transition

Welded Flat Head
We will talk about the remaining commands later as I am sure you are anxious to start building
your first vessel. Before we leave this subject however, if you let your mouse cursor hover over
any of the buttons, you will get a tool tip, which briefly describes the function of the button:

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Building the Vessel from the Bottom Up
1. Click Ellipse to place the bottom head.
2. Click Cylinder to place the main shell.
3. Click Ellipse again to place the top head.
If you look at the window to the right, your 3D model should look like this.

4. You can switch to the 3D view by selecting the 3D View tab under the model representation.

5. If you want to go back to the 2D view, click the 2D View tab.


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Dimensions
PV Elite populates the height and other dimensions for your vessel with sample data, which you
can alter to your vessel specifics. PV Elite made certain assumptions as you built the model,
including diameter, thicknesses, lengths, and materials.
1. Before we look at the dimensions, select the bottom head in either the 2D or 3D model. This
will select the bottom head as the current component.
If you look at the 2D model, you will see that the bottom head is a lighter color.

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2. Let us look at the dimensions PV Elite chose for the current component (the lighter color in
the illustration above). The details will look like this:

Here are the major assumptions for this example:
Inside Diameter: 96 inches
Straight Flange: 0.1667 feet (which is 2 inches)
Finished Thickness: 0.25 inches
Internal Corrosion: 0.125 inches
External Corrosion: 0
Internal Pressure: 100 psi
External Pressure: 15 psi
Temperatures: 100 F
Head Aspect Ratio: 2 (Head Factor)
There is other information, but let us make some changes to suit our vessel. First we change the
dimensions and the pressure:
New Values:
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Inside Diameter: 60 inches
Finished Thickness: 0.5 inches
Internal Corrosion: 0.0625 inches
External Corrosion: 0.0625 inches
Internal Pressure: 120 psi
Temperatures: 200 F
Your screen might look different, but follow along, and it will become clear. If you are
accustomed to working in the metric system, we shall address that situation shortly.
1. Click on the left side of the Inside Diameter field:

2. Now, enter the new diameter by typing 60:

3. Next, press the Enter key on your keyboard twice to move the cursor down to the next field:

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4. If you do not want to change the straight flange, press Enter again, and it will move to the
next field. You should be able to complete the entries for your new dimensions:



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Material Specification
Now we are going to change the material from SA-516 70 to SA 240 316L.
1. In the Material Name field, type SA240316L. Don't worry about spaces or dashes.
A new dialog displays.

2. Select the first entry in the list.
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The Material Properties dialog displays.

This screen gives you information about the material you have chosen.
3. Click Select and the material for your bottom head will change as follows:

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Updating the Other Components in the Vessel
So far, we have entered the new data for the bottom head element. Also, if you look at the
screen you will see the geometry difference of your bottom head to the rest of the elements:

The vessel looks like this because we have not updated the remaining components (main shell
and top head) data fields. We are going to use a shortcut to copy the values for the bottom to
the remaining components.
1. Click Share Information located in the Utility panel of the Home tab.
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The Data Share Dialog displays.

Notice the boxes that have been checked. The checked items will be shared with all the
other upper components. Make sure you have checked only the boxes shown in this
example.
2. Click OK.
PV Elite updates all the components with the new data.
Your model now looks more realistic. You can see that at least the diameter of the bottom head
has been shared with the main shell and top head.


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The Status Bar at the Bottom of the Screen
So far we have only entered the data relevant to our vessel, and produced the model on the
screen. In this section, you'll understand the Status Bar fields.
1. Select the main shell in either the 2D or 3D view.
The main shell element is highlighted.
2. Look at the bottom of the screen to the status bar:

The status bar gives us a lot of information for the selected component. Let us consider the
fields from left to right:
El# 2 of 3 : Component number 2 of 3 components (from the bottom)
Fr: 0.00 To: 4.00 ft : Element spans from 0.00 ft to 4.00 ft from the datum line
Up: : Element orientation
Tr: 0.3420 : Computed thickness for the internal pressure (120 psi)
Mawp: 206.8 : MAWP for this element (206.8 psi)
MAPnc: 275.6 : Maximum allowable pressure new and cold (275.6 psi)
Trext: 0.328 : Computed thickness for the external pressure
Slen: 22.7 ft : Maximum unsupported length for the external pressure
Let us now see what happens when there is a problem with an element.
3. Go to Finished Thickness field, and change the thickness from 0.5 inches to 0.2 inches.
4. Now look at the status bar at the bottom of the screen:

The required thickness for the internal and external pressures now appears in red, indicating
that there is a problem. In our case, the problem is the thickness.
5. Change the thickness back to 0.5 inches to fix the problem.
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The Output Processor
Now that we have built our simple model, we need to get the complete details of the calculations
performed by PV Elite.
Click Save and save your model using the name My Vertical Vessel.
1. Click Analyze .
When the analysis finishes, the Output Processor displays.

Your screen may look different, but it can easily be changed to look like the illustration
above.
The left window has the heading Report List. In the right window is the prompt Select one or
more reports from the Report List to view or print.
2. Click Internal Pressure Calculations from the list.
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The right pane now shows the results of the item you selected in the left window pane. The
output window now looks as shown below.

3. You can scroll up and down to look at the complete calculation for the internal pressure
computations.
Generating and Printing the Final Pressure Vessel
Report
Now that we have looked at the output for the Internal Pressure Calculations, we will learn how
to include different items in your final report.
1. While holding down the CTRL key on your keyboard, click on the items that you want
included from the Report List (left) window.

2. After you select the items, we are ready to generate the report.
3. If you want to send the output to a printer, then click Print . This prints the report
immediately with page numbers and headings on each page.
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There are other options. For example, you might find it convenient to send the output to
Microsoft Word

if you have it installed on your computer. This feature allows you to edit the
results and add your own notes or comments.
You can also send the output to a text file by selecting Print to file. You are prompted for a file
name. This will be a text file with a filename extension of .txt. You will be able to access this file
with any text editor such as Notepad, or Microsoft Word. When you send the output to a text file,
all the colored text will be lost, and will simply be in black font color.


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Data Input Other information
If you look at the bottom of the Data Input screen, you will see a series of tabs:

Notice that the General Input tab is selected. This tab refers to the basic dimensional, pressure,
temperature, and material selection for the currently selected element. You can show and hide
tabs as needed using Input on the Home tab.
1. Click Input , and then select Heading.
2. Select the Heading tab.

3. Enter information for Line 1, Line 2, and Line 3 that you want to appear at the top of each
and every page of the report.

4. Click Browse at the end of the Title Page field.
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5. In the Title Page Text dialog, enter any information that you want to appear on the Title
Page when sent to the printer or to a file. This will overwrite the information PV Elite would
otherwise print by default:

Design Constraints (Global Settings in PV Elite)
Use the Design Constraints tab to set the default values for the entire vessel. By entering the
pressures and temperatures in these first four fields, PV Elite will use these values as the default
values for the whole vessel. This saves time later.

Some of the other design constraints that you might what to consider are discussed below.
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Datum Line Options
1. Click the 3D View tab.

PV Elite has located the datum line at the tangent line of the bottom head. We can change
the location of the datum line at any time to move it to a more convenient location.
2. Click Browse at the end of the Datum Line Options field.
3. Type 3 for the Vertical Vessels offset, and then click OK. This sets the datum line to 3 feet
up from its current location.

After you have a skirt attached to the bottom of the vessel, you might want to move the
datum line to the bottom of the skirt.
Hydrotest Type and Position of the Hydrotest
Select the type of hydrotest. For Division 1, the software provides three different methods to
determine hydrotest pressure. For Division 2, the program provides two hydrotest methods.
Select one of the following:
UG-99b - ASME UG-99 (b), Division 1. The hydrotest pressure is 1.3 times (1.5 for pre-99
addenda) the maximum allowable working pressure for the vessel multiplied by the lowest
ratio of the stress value S for the test temperature to the stress value S for the design
temperature. This type of hydrotest is normally used for non-carbon steel vessels where the
allowable stress changes with temperature, starting even at a somewhat low temperature.
UG-99c - ASME UG-99(c), Division 1. The hydrotest pressure is determined by multiplying
the minimum MAP by 1.3 (1.5 for pre-99 addenda) and reducing this value by the hydrostatic
head on that part. The hydrostatic head is calculated based on the dimensions of the vessel
and by values for Projection from Top, Projection from Bottom, and Projection from
Bottom Oper. In addition, Hydrotest Position is used to determine the head pressure.
UG-99b(34) - ASME UG-99(b), footnote 34, Division 1. The hydrotest pressure is 1.3 times
(1.5 for pre-99 addenda) the design pressure for the entire vessel, multiplied by the lowest
ratio of the stress value Sa for the test temperature to the stress value S for the design
temperature.
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UG-100 - ASME UG-100 pneumatic test. The test pressure is 1.1 times (1.25 for pre-99
addenda) the stated design pressure for the entire vessel, multiplied by the lowest ratio of
the stress value Sa for the test temperature to the stress value S for the design temperature.
The stress ratio mentioned above includes bolt allowable stresses for flanges that are
designed according to Appendix 2. This will usually result in a ratio of 1. See ASME
Interpretation VIII-1-83-260 for more information. Click Tools > Configuration to turn off
this option, resulting in a ratio greater than one in cases where the operating and ambient
stresses for the vessel parts are not the same.
AT-300 - ASME AT-300, Division 2, based on vessel design pressure. The hydrotest
pressure is 1.25 times the design pressure to be marked on the vessel, multiplied by the
lowest ratio of the stress intensity value Sm for the test temperature to the stress intensity
value Sm for the design temperature. This type of hydrotest is normally used for non-carbon
steel vessels where the allowable stress changes with temperature starting even at a
somewhat low temperature.
AT-301 - ASME AT-301, Division 2, based on calculated pressure. A hydrostatic test based
on a calculated pressure may be used by agreement between the user and the
manufacturer. The hydrostatic test pressure at the top of the vessel is the minimum of the
test pressures calculated by multiplying the basis for calculated test pressure for each
element by 1.25 and reducing this value by the hydrostatic head on that element.
No Hydro - No hydrotest pressure.
User Entered Pressure
1.43 * MAWP (PED)
The next box lets you specify which position the vessel will be during the hydrotest:
Select a hydrotest position. This input is required so that the total static head can be determined
and subtracted when UG-99c is selected for Hydrotest Type. This value is used in conjunction
with Projection from Top, Projection from Bottom, and Flange Distance to Top to determine
the total static head. Select from the following:
Vertical - The vessel is tested in the upright or vertical position. This is not common.
Horizontal - The vessel is tested in the horizontal position. This is common for most
vessels. The vessel is on its side (in the case of a vertical vessel) or in its normal position
(for a horizontal vessel).
Tall towers for example, are usually hydrotested in the horizontal position. PV Elite has to
compute the hydrostatic pressure from the water in the vessel at hydrotest time. If the vessel is
tested in the vertical positions, the pressure at the bottom of the vessel will be greater than if the
vessel is tested in the horizontal position. Give careful consideration to the position that is
appropriate to your situation.
Miscellaneous Weight %
Enter a percentage value to include additional weight to account for vessel attachments and
internal items not otherwise included in the vessel. Typical values are 3.0 or 5.0. The software
multiplies the total weight of the vessel by 1.0 plus this value converted to a decimal (such as
1.03 or 1.05). Enter 0 if no additional weight is needed.
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Design Code
PV Elite allows the user to perform vessel calculations in several pressure vessel codes. Use
the Design Code field on the Home tab in the Units/Code panel to change the design code.

PV Elite supports the following design codes:
ASME Section VIII, Division 1
ASME Section VIII, Division 2
British Code PD 5500
European Code EN 13445
After you select a code, you will have to re-select the materials because each code has its own
design stress tables.
Is this a Heat Exchanger
If the Dimensional Solutions 3D file interface button is selected, also select this option to write
geometry and loading information for this vessel design to the <jobname>.ini file created in the
current working directory. See Dimensional Solutions http://www.Dimsoln.com for more
information about the Dimensional Solutions product line. This entry is optional.
To completely define an exchanger it is necessary to enter in the required information
regarding the tubes, tubesheets and the floating head (if any). With the exchanger data, PV Elite
can then compute the weights and required thicknesses of the exchanger components. For
more information, see Tubesheet.
This check box is optional.
ASME Steel Stack
Select to perform an ASME steel stack analysis, based on the ASME recommended guidelines
for Steel Stacks STS-2000 with addenda. This analysis is for circular stacks that meet the
design requirements in the steel stack guidelines. The results are shown in the ASME STS
Stack Calculations report. If Design Code is not set to Division 1 (ASME VIII-1), the stack
analysis is not performed.
Also select this option if you are analyzing a steel stack and want to check it against
ANSI/ASME STS-2000/STS-1a-2003. After the software completes the calculation, the program
generates the Stress Due to Combined Loads report with a listing of the stack calculations.
Compressive allowables in the report are calculated based on Section 4.4.
When selected, expand ASME Steel Stack and enter values for ASCE Wind Exposure, Factor
of Safety, Mean Hourly Wind Speed, Is the Stack Lined?, and Importance Factor.
Read and understand the ASME stack guidelines. This is not a code like ASME
Division 1 or 2, but a set of design guidelines for designers and engineers.
The following paragraphs from the stack guidelines are addressed:
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4.4 Allowable Stresses
4.4.1 Longitudinal Compression, equations 4.7,4.8 and 4.9
4.4.2 Longitudinal Compression and Bending
4.4.3 Circumferential Stresses
4.4.4 Combined Longitudinal and Circumferential Compressive Stresses
4.4.5 Circumferential Compression in Stiffeners, equations 4.14, 4.15, 4.16
4.4.7 Minimum Structural Plate Thickness
5.2.2 Wind Responses, equations 5.3, 5.4 and (1),(2) and (3), (b) equations 5.5, 5.6 and 5.7
Design Modification

If any of the modifications is set to yes, PV Elite will correct the item should it fail in the analysis.
For example, if Select Wall Thickness for Internal Pressure was set to Yes, PV Elite will
automatically increase the thickness of a component should it not be thick enough.
Inserting a Component
1. In the 2D View, select the component below or above where you want to insert the new
component.
2. Click Insert Element on the Home tab.
The Insert New Element dialog displays.

3. Select the type of element you want to insert.
4. Select Before or After as needed.
5. Click OK.

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Deleting a Component
1. In the 2D View, select the component to delete.
Make sure there are no nozzles on this component.
2. Click Delete on the Home tab.
3. Click Yes to confirm that you want to delete the component.


Node Numbers
All elements that make up a vessel exist between nodes. On the top part of the General Input
tab are two fields that indicate From Node and To Node:

Every main element (not attachments such as nozzles) has two nodes. Consider these two
vessels shown below:

Notice that every element from the bottom to the top or from the left to the right exists between
two node numbers. There is a From Node, and there is a To Node. In the case of the bottom
(or left) head, the nodes are situated at the tangent line and the weld line.


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Adding a Nozzle to the Model
1. Switch to the 2D View.
2. Select the component into which you want to add the nozzle.
3. Click Nozzle Input on the Home tab.
The Nozzle Input/Analysis dialog box displays.
Different nozzle configurations can be considered. The choices are basically nozzles without
pads, nozzles with pads, protruding nozzles without pads, and protruding nozzles with pads.
There are also special forged nozzles available for analysis.
4. Select the default nozzle attachment.

5. Click on the nozzle description field and change the description name of your nozzle to N1.
6. Select the next fields or press ENTER on your keyboard past the Diameter field to run your
nozzle calculation. If your inputs fail the design code, you will notice the red warnings on the
status bar at the bottom of the dialog box.

Also at the bottom of the Nozzle Analysis dialog box, you will see a calculator button below
the status bar.

7. Click the calculator button to open the Quick Results Dialog. This screen will give you a
quick calculation report of your current nozzle:


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Nozzle Orientation Around the Vessel
Let's look at the orientation of the nozzle around the vessel.

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From the example shown above, the 0 position is at the top (North) and the nozzle at position
90 is to the right. Therefore, the angles of the nozzle increase in the clockwise direction.
However the zero position can occupy the North, West or East position as you need. The angle
can increase in the clockwise or the counter-clockwise direction. The controls are on the
Configuration dialog screen. To get the Configuration dialog screen, go to the Tools tab, click
Set Configuration Parameters, and then select the Set Default Values tab.

Flip Model Orientation
If a new model is built in the vertical position and it needs to change orientation to the horizontal
position for different analysis purposes; PV Elite is able to flip the model with a single button
found on the Tools tab, Flip Model Orientation .