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Page xxi
Most of the material in the present Volume appeared in print in collected form
for the first time in 1936, when it was published by Rider !o" in #ondon, under the
title of $he !omplete %or&s of '" P" (la)ats&y" *s was the case with the original
Volumes +, ++, and +++ of the ,eries, a considerable portion of the stoc& of Volume +V
perished in the #ondon -blit.- during the second %orld %ar" *s a result of this, these
earlier Volumes ha)e been unobtainable for many years"
/isco)ery of hitherto un&nown writings from '"P"("0s pen re1uired that the
material be somewhat differently distributed, as far as the four original Volumes are
concerned" $he present Volume is made up of '"P"("0s writings during the years of
1223 and 1223" +t contains therefore some of the material of the original Volume +++
and most of the material of the original Volume +V"
$he text contained now in Volume +V has been chec&ed with the original
sources of publication, and most of the 1uoted matter compared with the originals
and corrected whene)er necessary" * number of explanatory notes and comments
ha)e been added by the !ompiler to clarify points of $heosophical history"
(iographical and (ibliographical information has been collected in the *ppendix, as
is the case with all the Volumes of this ,eries, and a copious +ndex has been prepared"
$he !ompiler wishes to express his gratitude to all those who ha)e helped in the
preparation of this Volume" $heir continued interest and helpful assistance are
gratefully ac&nowledged" $heir names, as gi)en in the 4oreword to Vol" ++, apply to
the present Volume as well"
(5R+, /6 7+R8544"
#5, *9:6#6, !*#+45R9+*, ;","*"
May 2, 1969
Page xxiii
54 $'6 !'+64 6V69$, +9 $'6 #+46 54 '" P" (#*V*$,8< *9/
!5# '69R< ," 5#!5$$,
4R5M M*R!', 1223, $5 =;96, 1223, +9!#;,+V6"
>the period to which the material in the present )olume belongs?
1 2 2 3
March >middle?@*pproximate time when %m" A" =udge went to !arupano,
,outh *merica, on mining business >'R, 3B? "
March 33C3D@/ates of the ,, Vega incident, in)ol)ing %illiam 6glinton and
Master 8"'" >5/#, ++, 3DBE #(,, #etters 9os" ++, FC(, FC!E 'ints, +, pp" 1G3CH9, in
3nd ed"E Vania, 133?"
March 36@,wImi /ayInanda ,aras)atJ lectures in (ombay and launches an
attac& denouncing the 4ounders and the $"," >Ransom, 169?"
March 31@'"P"(" indicates she is to lea)e on that date for *llahabad and
!alcutta >#(,, pp" 13, 1D?"
*pril G@!ol" 5lcott lectures in !alcutta on K$heosophy, the ,cientific (asis of
Religion,L with (aba Piari !hand Mitra in the !hair >Ransom, 169? "
*pril 6C'"P"(" arri)es in !alcutta by the early mail train" :oes directly to
'owrah to !ol" and Mrs" :ordon, but transfers her residence the same day to the
MahIrIMI0s palace at his express in)itation" 5n the e)ening of the same day the
(engal $heosophical ,ociety is organi.ed at the palace, with (IbN Piari !hand Mitra
as President >5/#", ++, 3DBCD1E Ransom, 169E $heos", +++, ,uppl" to May, 1223? "
*pril 19C$he 4ounders sail for Madras on board the ,, +ndia, arri)ing the 33rd"
Meet for the first time $" ,ubba Row and :" ,oobiah !hetty >5/#", ++, 3D3CD3E
RansomE 1HBE #(,, p" 1D3E $heos", +++, ,uppl, to =une, 1223, p" 1E :" ," !hetty0s
recollections in $heos", Vol" F#V++, Meh", 1936, p" HD1?"
Page xxi)
*pril 36@'","5" deli)ers his lecture on K$he !ommon 4oundation of *ll
Religions,L at Pachiappas 'all, Madras" *ce" to '"P"(", parts of it had been dictated
by one of the $eachers >5/#", ++, 3DDE :" ," !hetty0s recoll" as abo)e?"
*pril 3H@Madras $heosophical ,ociety founded, with /i)In (ahIdur R"
RagunIth RIo as President, and $" ,ubba Row as !orr" ,ec0y >5/#", ++, 3D3CDDE
$heos", +++, ,uppl" to =une, 1223, p" 3?"
*pril 3B@$he 4ounders in company of some of the newlyCadmitted 4ellows go
by rail to $iru)allam, near *rcot, to )isit one of the oldest temples of ,outhern +ndia"
+t is li&ely that '"P"(" saw somewhere in the )icinity one of the *depts said to li)e
there" Return to Madras next day >5/#", ++, 3DDE $heos", +++, ,uppl" to =une, 1223, p"
3E :" ," !hetty0s recoll" as abo)e, p" HD3?"
*pril@*" 5" 'ume publishes 'ints on 6soteric $heosophy, 9o" 1 >Vania, 11B?"
*pril@$he ,innetts go to ,imla and ta&e up residence at a house called the
$endrillsE they are Moined after a time by the :ordons >*utobiogr"?"
May 3@'"P"(" and '","5" start in the e)ening on their trip up (uc&ingham
!anal in a houseboat, on their way to 9ellore and :untur" $hey are accompanied by
se)eral of the newlyCinitiated 4ellows sailing in a second boat" $hey reach 9ellore on
the e)ening of the third day >5/#", ++, 3DHE Ransom, 1HBE $heos", +++, ,uppl" to =une,
1223, pp" 3C3E :" ," !hetty0s recoll" as abo)e, pp" HD3CDG? "
May 1B@$he 4ounders and their party, after the 9ellore (ranch, reC
embar& on the same boatsE they disembar& at Padagangam, after an unusually fast trip
due to fa)orable windsE from here they tra)el G G miles to :untur, carried in
palan1uins through some of the most difficult and dangerous terrain, fording streams
and e)ading cobras in a temperature of 1BBO 4ahrenheit" $hey reach destination at
nightfall on the 1Gth" *fter an unprecedented reception on the part of the whole
population, and the founding of a (ranch, the 4ounders lea)e :untur on the e)ening
of the 12th and retrace their way to the (uc&ingham !anal and 9ellore" *fter a stay
of three days, they lea)e May 3Hth by bulloc&Ccarriages for $irupati, the nearest
railway station some se)enty miles off, and return to Madras by rail on May 3Bth
>Vi)id description in 5/#, ++, 3DGC6B, and $heos", +++, ,upplements to =une and =uly,
Page xx)
May 31@/ate on which the property of 'uddlestone0s :ardens was found, to
be used as a new 'ead1uarters for the $heosophical ,ociety" $he idea of mo)ing the
'ead1uarters from (ombay to Madras had been suggested by ,oobiah !hetty and
had already been discussed at a meeting of the Madras (ranch >5/#", ++, 36BE :" ,"
!hetty in $heos", Vol" F#V++, Mch, 1936, pp" HDGCD6? " $he 4ounders )isit the
property in company with ," !hetty and his brother" '"P"(" gets an intimation from
her $eacher to secure the property >+bid"E $heos", Vol" #, May, 1939, pp" 11HC19?"
=une@(eginning of strained relations between ,innett and his employer, Mr"
Rattegan, of the Pioneer >*utobiogr"?"
=une@'","5" prepares the /efense Material against ,wami /ayInanda0s attac&,
and has it published as an 6xtra ,upplement to the =uly $heosophist"
=une 2@$he 4ounders return to (ombay >5/#, ++, 361?"
=une@$he 4ounders accept an in)itation to )isit (aroda, the capital of '" '" the
:ae&war" $hey also )isit their friend, the reigning $ha&ur ,ahib of %adhwan, and
then return to (ombay >5/#", ++, 363C62? "
=ulyC6xtra ,upplement to $he $heosophist, Vol" +++, contains a full documentary
account of the relations between the 4ounders and ,wami /ayInanda ,araswatJ
=uly@Re)" *" $heophilus reads before a /iocesan !lerical !onference at
Madras a paper on Khe $heosophical ,ociety, its 5bMects and !reed, its *ttitude
towards !hrist, and its %or& in +ndiaL >Ransom, 1H3?"
=uly 1G@'","5" sails from (ombay to !eylon >5/#", ++, 362C69E Ransom,
1H3?" +t is on this trip that '","5", acting on the direct order of his Master, does his
first healing by mesmeric power >Ransom, 1H3CH3E '"P"R" in footnote in $heos", +V,
*pril, 1223, p" 1G3? "
*ugust@!" !" Massey elected President of the $"," in 6ngland, succeeding /r"
:eorge %yld"
*ugust@/Imodar goes for a month or so to rest and recuperate at Poona,
staying with *" /" 6.e&iel who offered him the hospitality of his houseE his health
had become )ery delicate, owing to persecutions and o)erwor& >$heos", +++, ,uppl" to
*ug", 1223, p" 6? "
,eptember@'"P"("0s health ta&es a turn for the worseE she suffers from (right0s
diseaseE she spea&s of her blood being Ktransformed into waterLE yearns to go and see
the Masters >#(,", 9o" FV+++, p" 3HE Path, F, ,ept", 129G, p" 169? "
,eptember@$hird installment of K4ragments of 5ccult $ruthL published in $he
$heosophist, Vol" +++" Mildly critical remar&s by Master M" concerning this essay
result in great irritation on the part of *" B" 'ume, its author >M#", 9o" F#+++, p" 3G9?
Page xx)i
,eptember >end?@'"P"(" lea)es (ombay for ,i&&im" :oes through (enaresE
thence )ia !alcutta and !handernagore to !ooch (ehar, where she is laid up for three
days with fe)er" ,he is accompanied by a do.en nati)e $heosophists from !alcutta
and four or fi)e (uddhists from !eylon and (urma" Most of them fell ill, and only
the (uddhists followed her to ,i&&im" $he 4oreign 5ffice refuses to gi)e her a pass
to ,i&&im" *s it was too late in the season to go to ,higatse, though it seems to ha)e
been her intention to do so, '"P"(" decides to go to the K#ama MonasteryL some four
days from /arMeelingE she goes on foot accompanied by a few of her original
tra)elling companions, and ta&es eight days to ma&e the Mourney" *t the frontier
between (hutan and ,i&&im, which is a fastCflowing stream, some 6nglishmen and
+ndians were waiting for admission but were refused entry" $he !hief #ama of the
Monastery across the frontier, howe)er, ordered '"P"(" together with three ,inhalese
to be brought o)er, and they stayed there three days >'"P"(" to Prince /ondu&o)C
8orsa&o), in 'P(, ++, pp" 96C1BB?"
5ctober 1@'"P"(" is at :hum, staying apparently at the monastery, some 33
miles from /arMeeling" +t is on this trip that '"P"(" spent two or three days in ,i&&im
in the company of the Masters and was restored to much better health" ,he was told
to go to /arMeeling and to stay there for two months >Path, F, ,ept", 129G, pp" 169C
HBE (lech, 13HC32E #(,", 9o" F+F, p" 32E M#", 9o" #+V, pp" 313C1DE '"P"(" to Prince
/ondu&o)C8orsa&o), as abo)e?"
5ctober 6@," Ramaswamier meets Master M" in ,i&&im >$heos", +V,
/ecember, 1223, pp" 6HC69?"
5ctober@'"P"(" is at $indharia, near /arMeeling, most of the month >M#", 9o"
!F, p" DDGE Path, F, ,ept", 129G, p" 1HBE #(,", 9o" F+F, p" 32? "
5ctober@*pproximate time when two !helas, /arbhagiri 9Ith and !handra
!usho, )isit ,innett at ,imla >*utobiogr"E M#", 9o" !F+, p" DD6? "
5ctober >end?@$he ,innetts lea)e ,imla for *llahabad >*utobiogr"?"
9o)ember@,innett ad)ised by Mr" Rattegan of $he Pioneer that his ser)ices
are no longer re1uired >*utobiogr"E Ransom, 1H3?"
9o)" 1@'","5" sails from !eylon for (ombayE arri)es three days later >5/#",
++, 39B? "
9o)ember >middle?@'"P"(" goes from /arMeeling to *llIhIbId to stay with the
,innetts >6/", 3HC32E 5%", 136C32E *utobiogr"?"
9o)" 1H@(alance of Rs" H,BBB paid by ," !hetty0s father to secure the property
of 'uddlestone0s :ardens and complete its purchase >," !hetty0s recollections in
$heos", Vol" F#V++, Mch", 1936, pp" HD6CDH? "
Page xx)ii
9o)" 3G@'"P"(" returns to (ombay with ," Ramaswamier and se)eral others
who come as delegates to the forthcoming !on)ention >5/#", ++, 391E Ransom, 1H3C
HDE #M%", +, 131?"
/ecember@*pproximate time when %" A" =udge goes to Mexico on sil)er
mining business >$heos", +V, ,uppl" to /ec", 1223, p" 2?"
/ec" 6@#arge gathering at 'ead1uarters in (ombay, at which ," Ramaswamier
tells of his meeting with Master M", and '","5" spea&s of his wor& in !eylon and
shows early portraits of M" and 8"'" >Ransom, 1HD?"
/ec" H@*nni)ersary !elebration of the $"," held at the 4ramMi !owasMi
+nstitute, (ombayE ,innett in the !hair >$heos", +V, ,uppl" to =an", 1223E 5/#", ++,
391E Ransom, 1HD?"
/ec" 1H@$he 4ounders lea)e by train for *dyarE accompanied by the
!oulombs, /Imodar, KMr" /eb,L /ora ,wami 9aidu, and fi)e 'indN ser)ants
>$heos", +V, ,uppl" to =an", 1223, p" 6E =ournal, +, =an", 122D, p" 11E 5/#", ++, 391?"
*rri)e on the 19th >Path, F, ,ept", 129G, pp" 1HBCH1? "1223
1 2 2 3
=anuary@'"P"("0s serial story, 4rom the !a)es and =ungles of 'indostan
originally running in the Mos&o)s&iya Vedomosti >Moscow !hronicle?, begins to be
reprinted in the Russ&iy Vestni& >Russian Messenger?" +t runs through *ugust, 1223,
before being temporarily interrupted"
=an" H@*nnual election of officers at the #ondon (ranch $"," /r" *nna (onus
8ingsford elected PresidentE 6dward Maitland and /r" :eo" %yld >exCpresident?
elected ViceCPresidents" *t the time, /r" 8ingsford is still in Paris >$heos", +V, ,uppl"
to Mch", 1223, pp" DCG E *8", ++, 1B6? "
=anuary >first wee&?@$he 4ounders settle the household at *dyar, buy furniture
>5/#", ++, 393?"
=an" 1D@!ircular issued by '","5" regarding how *dyar was bought and paid
for >$heos", Vol" #FV++, *ug", 19D6, p" 393, fnoteE $heos", Vol" #, May, 1939, pp"
116C12? "
=an" 16@Public reception gi)en to the 4ounders by the Madras nati)e public at
Pachiappa0s 'all" '","5" broaches the idea of a 'indu ,unday ,chool
;nion for regular religious instruction of children and as an impetus to the study of
,ans&ritE he proposes that a series of !atechisms and reading boo&s should be
compiled, embodying the fundamental principles of 'indu moral and religious
systems, and containing translations from ,ans&rit classics" Proposal is unanimously
carried >5/#", ++, 39GE $heos", +V, ,uppl" to 4eb", 1223, p" 1? "
Page xx)iii
=an" 3BC4eb" 2@'" '" /aMi RIMI !handra ,inghMee, the young reigning $hI&ur
of the 8IthiIwar ,tate of %adhwIn, )isits *dyar, ha)ing Moined the $"," some time
before >5/#", ++, 39HE $heos", +V, ,uppl" to Mch", 1223, p" G?"
=anuary >P?@$he soCcalled K5ccult RoomL is built, and a wooden cupboard
later called the K,hrineL is hung in it >Vanaa, 1G3?"
=anuary >P?@%" A" =udge meets Mrs" #aura #angford 'olloway in 9ew <or&,
from which results her association with the $"," >'olloway M,, destroyed some
years ago?"
4ebruary@$he $heosophist >Vol" +V, 9o" G? begins to appear from Madras
instead of (ombay"
4eb" 1@*nnouncement in the Pioneer regarding *" P" ,innett0s retirement
>,crapboo& +F?"
4eb" 13@%hile '","5" and the !oulombs wor& in the K5ccult Room,L there
falls a note from Master 8"'" with Rs" 1GB, and the plan of a sanctuary for a statue of
the (uddha with orders to ha)e it constructed >Ransom, 1HHE /iaries, entry of 4eb"
1D, 1223?"
4eb" 1G@!ommandant /" *" !ourmes arri)es in !eylon" 'as an inter)iew with
the 'igh Priest '" ,umangala and is present at the festi)al at 8otahena" 'e is
translating the K4ragments of 5ccult $ruthL into 4rench >$heos", +V, ,uppl" to May,
1223, p" H?"
4eb" 1H@'","5" embar&s for !alcutta on the 4rench mail steamer ,, $ibre, for
a tour of (engal" Reaches destination on the 3Bth, staying at the Palace as the guest of
MahIrIMI ,ir =otendro Mohun $agore >5/#", ++, 392E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to Mch",
1223, p" 1?"
4ebruary >late?@$he ,innetts lea)e *llIhIbId for 6ngland" 4irst to Madras
>6/", 39? "
March 3@$he ,innetts arri)e at Madras on the ,, Verona and are welcomed on
the pier by '"P"(" and others >*utobiogr"E 6/", 39E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to *pril, 1223,
p" H?"
March@4irst traceable use of the K,hrineL for occult purposes, namely by Mrs"
,innett during her stay at *dyar >6/", 39CDB?E *utobiogr"E Vania, 1GD?"
March 9@%hile in !alcutta, '","5" is shown exceptional honors by Pandit
$aranath $ar&a Vachaspati, a (rahmana and !ompiler of a famous ,ans&rit
/ictionary, who coo&ed food and ga)e it to '","5", and then initiated him into his
own gotra and ga)e him the (rahmanical sacred thread and his mantram >5/#", ++,
D1B? "
Page xxix
March 11@4irst religious ,unday ,chool opened by '","5" in !alcutta, with
Mohini Mohun !hatterMi as chief teacher >5/#", ++, D11E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to *pril,
1223, p" H?"
March 13C3B@'","5" tra)els in (engal, heals the sic& and lectures" Visits
8rishnager, /acca>16th?, /arMeeling >33ndC3Dth?, where he meets one of the senior
disciples of the Masters, =essore >32thC39th?, 9arail>3Bth?" 'as )ery large audiences
e)erywhere >5/#", ++, D11"C1HE $heos", +V, ,uppl" to May, 1223, pp" 1C3?"
March@%hile at *dyar, ,innett is engaged writing his 6soteric (uddhismE
sends 1uestions to the $eachers )ia '"P"(" and the K,hrineLE recei)es immediate
reply" 'e is planning to return to +ndia to publish a new =ournal, $he Phoenix, as soon
as capital has been made a)ailable >+nc", 3GHE 6/", 39CDBE Ransom, 1H9?"
March 3B@$he ,innetts sail for 6urope on the P" 5" steamer ,, Peshawar
>#M%", ++, 1D9E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to *pril, 1223, p" H? "
March@+n an article entitled K;nder the ,hadow of :reat 9ames,L published in
$he $heosophist >Vol" +V, p" 13H?, '"P"(" and '","5" declare that under no
circumstances will they communicate with trance mediums after they pass on" '","5"
repeats this some years later >$heos", Vol" F+V, ,uppl" to /ec", 1293, p" xxi)?"
March@$he #adiesQ $heosophical ,ociety formed at !alcutta, with Mrs" *lice
:ordon as President, and Mrs" 8umari /e)i :hosal, daughter of /e)endro 9ath
$agore, as ,ecretary" $he outcome of this mo)ement was the foundation of the
newspaper (hIratJ >5/#", ++, D11E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to *pril, 1223, p" 6?"
*pril 3@'","5" returns to !alcutta for a 3Cday rest >5/#", ++, D1H?"
*pril D@'","5" resumes tra)elling" Visits (erhampur >Gth?, )isiting the 9awab of the #ower Pro)inces in his Palace at MurshidIbId, then (hIgalpur >9th?,
=amIlpur >11th?, /umraon >1Gth1Hth?, (uddha :ayI, *rrah, and (In&ipur >19thC
3Bth?" #ectures widely >5/#", ++, D1HC33E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to May and =une, 1223?"
*pril 33C3B@'","5" )isits /arbhangI, RInJganM, ,earsole and (In&urI >5/#",
++, D33C3GE $heos", ,uppl" to =une, 1223?E he is at (urdwIn, !ha&dighi and !hinsura,
May 3C6 >ibid"?"
*pril 36@$he ,innetts reach 6ngland, after stopping at Venice, and going )ia
(asel and !alais >6/", D1E *wtobiogr"?"
May 2@'","5" returns to !alcutta, staying there until 1DthE then goes to
Midnapore >1Hth?, ;lubIria and (hIwInipur >3Bth?" /oes a good deal of healing
>5/#", ++, D3GC36E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to =une, 1223, p" 6? "
Page xxx
May 1H@,innett writes a letter to the #ondon $imes, entitled KPublic 4eeling in
+ndiaL >publ" ,at", May 19th?, which the Master considers most unfortunate >M"#",
9o" #FFF+, p" 32GE #(,", 9o" FFV, p" D2? "
May 3B@/r" *nna (" 8ingsford and 6dward Maitland return to 6ngland, after
a stay in ,wit.erland, to commence their duties in connection with the $"," Mrs" 8"
,uggests that name of the ,ociety be changed to K#ondon #odge of the $heos"
,ocietyL >*8", ++, 119?"
May 31@'","5" returns to !alcuttaE celebrates the first anni)ersary of the
(engal $heos" ,oc", with a large gathering at the $own 'allE lectures on /r" =ames
6sdaile >5/#", ++, D36C32E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to =uly, 1223, pp" 1C1B? "
May 33@'","5" sails for MadrasE arri)es the 3Gth >5/#", ++, D32E $heos", ibid",
p" 13?"
May 36@'","5" recei)es in the 5ccult Room two )ases and a letter from the
Master >M#", 9o" #FV++, p" 3H1E Vania, 1GH, 3D9?"
May@*pproximate time when was published * !ollection of #ectures on
$heosophy and *rchaic Religions deli)ered in +ndia and !eylon, by '" ," 5lcott"
MadrasR *" $heyaga RaMier, 4"$",", 1223 >$heos", +V, ,uppl" to May, 1223, p" 1? " $his
was later expanded into $heosophy, Religion and 5ccult ,cience >#ondonR :eo"
Redway, 122G?"
=une 3@*t a meeting held at 1, *lbert Mansions, Victoria ,t", #ondon, ,"%",
the 6nglish 4ellows decide, at /r" *nna 8insford0s wish, seconded by *" P" ,innett, to
change their name from the (ritish $heos" ,oc", to the #ondon #odge of the $heos"
,ociety" 4rederic& Myers is elected 4ellow >6/", D3E $heos", +V, ,uppl" to *ug",
1223, p" D? "
=une 11 >approx"? @6soteric (uddhism published by $rilbner !o", #ondon
>6/", D3?"
=une 3H@'","5" sails for !olombo, !eylon, on the ,, /orunda, reaching
destination on the 3Bth" %hile in !eylon, sees the :o)ernor and other 5fficials, and
prepares *ppeals for the 'ome :o)ernment and 'ouse of !ommons, in the cause of
defence of the (uddhists against Roman !atholics >5/#", ++, DD1CD3E $heos", +V,
,uppl" to =uly, 1223, p" 13?"
=une 32@#a ,ociStS $hSosophi1ue d05rient et d05ccident founded in Paris, with
#ady Marie, !ountess of !aithness, /uchesse de Pomar, as President >(lech, 1D3E
$heos", +V, ,uppl" to *ug", 1223E '"P"(" to !omm" !ourmes, =uly 1H, 1223, in (lech,
3BC31? "
=uneC#a ,ociStS des 5ccultistes de 4rance chartered in Paris, with /r" 4ortin as
President >as abo)e?"
Page xxxi
86< $5 *((R6V+*$+59,
*8@*nna 8ingsford" 'er #ife, #etters, /iary and %or&, by 6dward Maitland"
3 )ols" +llus" #ondonR :eorge Redway, 1296" 3rd ed", =" M" %at&ins, 1913"
*utobiogr"@ *n *utobiography of *" P" ,innett, dated =une 3rd, 1913, with
additions dated May, 1916, and =an" 3, 193B, which exists in the form of a typewritten
M,," in the *rchi)es of the Mahatma #etters $rust in #ondon"
(lech@!ontribution T l0'istoire de la ,ociStS $hSosophi1ue en 4rance, by
!harles (lech" ParisR 6ditions *dyar, 1933"
/iaries@$he /iaries of !ol" '" ," 5lcott in the *dyar *rchi)es"
6/@$he 6arly /ays o f $heosophy in 6urope, by *" P" ,innett" #ondonR $heos"
Publ" 'ouse, #td", 1933" 136 pp"
'ints@'ints on 6soteric $heosophy, 9o" +, Published *nonymously by *llan
5" 'ume in *pril, 1223E another edition is of 19B9"
'ist" Retr"@* 'istorical Retrospect of $he $heosophical ,ociety, 12HGC1296,
by !ol" '" ," 5lcott, Madras, 1296"
'P(, ++@'"P"(" ,pea&s, Vol" ++" 6dited by !" =inarIMadIsa" *dyar, MadrasR
$heos" Publ" 'ouse, 19G1" x)i, 121 pp"
+nc"@ +ncidents in the #ife o f Madame (la)ats&y, by *" P" ,innett" #ondonR
:eorge RedwayE 9ew <or&R =" %" (outon, 1226"
=ournal@=ournal of $he $heosophical ,ociety, Madras, +ndia" $itle for the
,upplement to $he $heosophist, from =anuary to /ecember, 122D" $wel)e issues, pp"
#(,@$he #etters o f '" P" (la)ats&y to *" P" ,innett, and 5ther Miscellaneous
#etters" $ranscribed, !ompiled, and with an +ntrod" by *" $" (ar&er" 9ew <or&R
4rederic& *" ,to&es !o", 193D" x)i, DBD pp"
Page xxxii
#M% +@#etters from the Masters of the %isdom, 1221C1222" $rancribed and
!ompiled by !" =" 4irst ,eries" %ith a 4oreword by *nnie (esant" *dyar, MadrasR
$heos" Publ" 'ouse, 1919" 13D pp"E 3nd ed", 1933E 3rd ed", 19DGE Dth ed", with new
and additional #etters, cowering period 12HBC19BB, publ" in 19D2"C,econd ,eries"
*dyarR $heos" Publ" 'ouse, 193GE !hicagoR $he $heos" Press, 1936" 3BG pp", fats"
M#@$he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett >from the Mahatmas M" and 8"'" ? "
$ranscribed, !ompiled and with an +ntrod" by *" $" (ar&er" #ondonR $" 4isher ;nwin,
/ecember, 1933E 9ew <or&R 4rederic& *" ,to&es !o", 1933" xxx), D93 pp"E 3nd re)"
ed", #ondonR Rider !o", 1936E 3rd re)" ed", *dyar, $heos" Publ" 'ouse, 1963"
5/#@5ld /iary #ea)es, by 'enry ,teel 5lcott" ,econd ,eries, 12H2C23"
*dyarR $heos" Publ" 'ouse, 19BB" $he original edition contains nine illustrations, all
of them being )iews of the $heos" ,ociety0s 6state at *dyar" (eing too faded for
further reproductions, eight of these ha)e been eliminated from the 3nd ed, of 1932"
Path@$he Path" Published and 6dited in 9ew <or& by %" A" =udge" Vols" +CF,
*pril, 1226CMarch, 1296 incl"
Ransom@* ,hort 'istory of $he $heosophical ,ociety" !ompiled by =osephine
Ransom" %ith a Preface by :" ," *rundale" *dyar, MadrasR $heos" Publ" 'ouse,
1932" xii, G91 pp"
,crapboo&@'"P"("0s ,crapboo&s in the *dyar *rchi)es"
$heos@ $he $heosophist" !onducted by '" P" (la)ats&y" (ombay >later
Madras? R $he $heos" ,ociety, 5ctober, 12H9@, in progress >Volumes run from
5ctober to ,eptember incl" ? "
Vania@Madame '" P" (la)ats&y, 'er 5ccult Phenomena and the ,ociety for
Psychical Research, by 8" 4" Vania" (ombay, +ndiaR,at Publ" !o", 19G1" xi), D22 pp"
Page 1
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, p" 139V
* )alued friend and correspondent in ;pper +ndia writesR
%e ha)e not had the pleasure of hearing from you since your return to (ombay"
%e do not want to trespass upon your most )aluable time, but we do earnestly pray
that you will be pleased to write to us once a month, should you find leisure"
$his is from the President of one of our +ndian branch ,ocieties, and we print
the extract that we may thus answer many of li&e tenor that are recei)ed by the
4ounders" ,ince the $heosophical ,ociety was established we two ha)e had to do all
its more important wor&E not because our colleagues ha)e been at all unwilling to
share the burden, but because en1uirers ha)e seemed, li&e the patients of a popular
doctor, or the clients of a leading lawyer@reluctant to ta&e ad)ice or instructions
from any one in the ,ociety, but oursel)es" $his was well enough in the infancy of
our mo)ement, and by wor&ing late in the night, sometimes all night long, the year
round, we managed for the first three years to &eep up with our official duties" (ut
our coming to +ndia doubled, perhaps trebled, the calls upon our time" %e were not
relie)ed from our %estern correspondence, while at the same time the whole )olume
of en1uiries, naturally pro)o&ed among the people of *sia by our coming, poured in
upon us besides" ,o our maga.ine was determined upon, and in the Prospectus issued
at (ombay, in =uly 12H9, it was stated that Kthe rapid growth of the ,ociety and of the
correspondence between the 6xecuti)e and the ,ocietyQs branches in )arious
6uropean countries, and with the *ryan, (uddhist, Parsi and =ain scholars who ta&e a
deep interest in its wor& " " " has made necessary the publication of the present
Page 3
$here is a limit both to physical endurance and to the number of hours in a day"
%ith the most bene)olent wishes to oblige, the 4ounders cannot engage to regularly
correspond with anybody, whether in or outside the ,ociety" $hey will do their best,
but our friends will &indly remember that neither !ol" 5lcott, with lecturing
engagements enough to brea& down a man of less iron endurance, nor the 6ditor of
$he $heosophist with the cares of its management and her indispensable Mourneys
about +ndia for se)eral months each year, can in fairness be reproached for failure to
&eep up pri)ate correspondence e)en with relati)es or nearest personal friends" $he
more so, when they reflect that much of the guidance and instruction as&ed, can be
found in the pages of our Maga.ine"
Page 3
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 139C1DB V
K" " " " %e of the secret &nowledge do wrap oursel)es in mystery, to a)oid the
obMurgation and importunity or )iolence of those who concei)e that we cannot be
philosophers unless we put our &nowledge to some ordinary worldly use" $here is
scarcely one who thin&s about us who does not belie)e that our society has no
existenceE because, as he truly declares, he ne)er met any of us " " " %e do not come,
as he assuredly expects, to that conspicuous stage upon which, li&e himself, as he
desires the ga.e of the )ulgar, e)ery fool may enterE winning wonder, if the manQs
appetite be that empty wayE and when he has obtained it, crying outR X#o, this is also
)anityYQ L
/r" 6dmund /ic&inson, physician to 8ing !harles the ,econd a professed
see&er of the hermetic &nowledge, produced a boo& entitled, /e Auintessentia
PhilosophorumR which was printed at 5xford in 1626, and a second time in 1HBG" " " "
+n correspondence with a 4rench adept, the latter explains the reasons why the
(rothers of the Rosy !ross concealed themsel)es" *s to the uni)ersal medicine,
6lixir Vitae, or potable form of the preternatural menstruum, he positi)ely asserts that
it is in the hands of the K+lluminated,L but that, by the time they disco)er it, they ha)e
ceased to desire its uses, being far abo)e themE and as to life for centuries, being
wishful for other things, they decline a)ailing themsel)es of it" 'e adds, that the
adepts are obliged to conceal themsel)es for the sa&e of safety, because they would
be abandoned in the consolations of the intercourse of this world >if they were not,
indeed, exposed to worse ris&s? supposing that their gifts were pro)en to the
con)iction of the bystanders as more than humanE when they would become simply
intolerable and abhorrent"
Z 6xtracted from $he Rosicrucians by 'argra)e =ennings, pp" 3DC3G >=ohn !amden 'otten,
Piccadilly, %" #ondon"? 4urther on, we gi)e a re)iew by this able writer of Mr" ,innettQs $he 5ccult
%orld" $hese passages, as the author tells us, Koccur in a letter published by some anonymous
members of the RoseC!roix, and are adduced in a translation from the #atin by one of the most
famous men of the order, who addressed from the ;ni)ersity of 5xford about the period of 5li)er
!romwellE to which ;ni)ersity the great 6nglish Rosicrucian, Robertus /e 4luctibus >Robert
4lood? also belonged, in the time of =ames the 4irst and !harles the 4irst"L
Page D
$hus, there are excellent reasons for their conduct, they proceed with the utmost
caution, and instead of ma&ing a display of their powers, as )ainglory is the least
distinguishing characteristic of these great men, they studiously e)ade the idea that
they possess any extraordinary or separate &nowledge" $hey li)e simply as mere
spectators in the world, and they desire to ma&e no disciples, con)erts, nor
confidants" $hey submit to the obligations of life, and to relationshipsZ@enMoying the
fellowship of none, admiring none, following none, but themsel)es" $hey obey all
codes, are excellent citi.ens, and only preser)e silence in regard to their own pri)ate
con)ictions, gi)ing the world the benefit of their ac1uirements up to a certain pointR
see&ing only sympathy at some angles of their multiform character, but shutting out
curiosity wholly where they do not wish its imperati)e eyes"
$his is the reason that the Rosicrucians pass through the world mostly
unnoticed, and that people generally disbelie)e that there e)er were such persons or
belie)e that, if there were, their pretensions are an imposition" +t is easy to discredit
things which we do not understand" " " "
%e came across the abo)e, the other day, in the course of reading, and copy it to
show that the difficulty which our sceptical public feels in crediting the existence of
the transC'imalayan recluses is no new thing" $he Meering pleasantry of *rchdeacon
(aly, who told the !hurch Missionary !on)ention that K$heosophy was a new
religion based on Muggling tric&sL is but the echo of the sneers of the generations in
which $homas Vaughan, Robert 4ludd, !ount de ,aintC:ermain, $heophrastus
Paracelsus and other K'ermeticL philosophers li)ed and studied" 5ur $heosophical
,ociety pays the penalty of its reaffirmation of the $ruth of 'ermetic ,cience, not
merely in recei)ing the worldQs ridicule, but also in ha)ing it try to ignore a deal of
honest wor& of the practical sort, which we ha)e done, and are doing"
+t is cheering, therefore, to find a bit of sound sense in, at least, one +ndian
paper" ,ays our excellent *mrita (a.aar Patri&aR
Z 9ot at all in e)ery instanceR it depends upon the degree of their ad)ancement, their earthly ties
snapping one after the other as their new spiritual ones are formed" U'"P"("V
Page G
%e hail the appearance of the =anuary number of $he $heosophist with more
than ordinary pleasure" +t is as usual replete with interesting matter, but the chief
interest of the number is centered in an account of the doings of !olonel 5lcott in
!eylon published in the ,upplement" %e are sorry we ha)e not space enough to
record all that he has done there, but this we say, that the !olonel may fairly claim
that, whether there be K'imalayan (rothersL or not, there is at least one white man
who is acting li&e a brother to the ,inhalese and will, as occasion permits it, act
similarly to the 'indus" +f it be not as&ing too much, we would re1uest the !olonel to
come to the city of Palaces and enlighten the !alcutta public on subMects with which
he is so familiar and which are calculated to do so much good to the 'indu nation@
subMects of which most of our educated young men are so lamentably ignorant"
#et this be our sufficient answer to the silly though, as alleged, Kmostly
inspirationalL article by the author of #ife beyond the :ra)e >,piritualist of =an" 13?
entitled K,piritual ,elfishness"L $he writer affirms that the K'imalayan (rothers " " "
wrap themsel)es in mystery and pretend to ha)e a mission to perform, but they ma&e
no sign of accomplishing itL and further that KMadame (la)ats&y " " " cannot show
that any practical good comes of being a $heosophist" %e ha)e not heard that she has
benefitted humanity by being a $heosophist"L " " " Perhaps, some members of our
)arious (ranches throughout +ndia and !eylon, who ha)e participated in our practical
wor&, may also feel KinspiredL to correct the rather unfortunate KinspirationL of the
author of #ife beyond the :ra)e"
Page 6
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, p" 1D3V
+n a recent issue of the !hina Mail appears an account of the destruction of the
K$emple of #onge)ity,L one of the richest and most famous (uddhist Viharas at
!anton, !hina, by an infuriated mob of (uddhist laymen" 4or some time past
complaints ha)e been made of the immoral li)es of the priests of this temple, but they
appear to ha)e neglected paying attention e)en to warnings from the 9amChoi, !hief
Magistrate" *t last three women were seen to enter the building, an outcry was made,
the populace rushed in, but the women had escaped by the bac& door" $he mob,
howe)er, found KladiesQ toiletCboxes, ornaments and embroidered shoes,L and
thereupon beat and dro)e out the priests, and tore the ancient building stone from
stone until not a )estige remained" 6)en this did not satisfy their outraged sense of
propriety, for, the Mail tells us, they set fire to the ruins and consumed the last stic&
of its roof timbers that lay in the wrec&" +t is said that the >*bbot? !hief Priest fell
upon his &nees before the 9amChoi, and implored his help, but was made to feel the
force of his %orshipQs toe after being reminded that Ktimely warnings had been
disregarded"L $he Magistrate, on the 1Gth 9o)ember last, issued an official
proclamation beginning as followsR K%hereas the priests of the !hQeungC,hau
monastery ha)e disobeyed the official proclamation by allowing women to enter the
temple and detaining them there, and the people of the neighbourhood ha)e suddenly
surrounded and set fire to the building, the superior authorities ha)e now ordered a
detachment of o)er a thousand soldiers to be stationed along the streets to extinguish
what fire there be still remaining,L etc"
Page H
$he proclamation contains not one word in censure of the act of retributionE
from which it is to be inferred that it met with official appro)al"
$urning to (ishop (igandetQs excellent wor& on (urmese (uddhism, $he #ife,
or #egend, of :audama, etc", we find >pp" 39B, 391? thatR
KPopular opinion Uin (urmaV is inflexible and inexorable on the point of
celibacy, which is considered as essential to e)ery one that has a pretension to be
called a Rahan Uin !eylon termed Rahat, or *rahatV" $he people can ne)er be brought
to loo& upon any person as a priest or minister of religion unless he li)es in that state"
*ny infringement of this most essential regulation on the part of a $alapoin, is )isited
with an immediate punishment" $he people of the place assemble at the 8iaong
UVihara, templeV of the offender, sometimes dri)ing him out with stones" 'e is
stripped of his clothes@and often public punishment, e)en that of death, is inflicted
upon him by order of :o)ernment" $he poor wretch is loo&ed upon as an outcast, and
the woman whom he has seduced shares in his shame, confusion, and disgrace" ,uch
an extraordinary opinion, so deeply rooted in the mind of a people rather noted for
the licentiousness of their manners, certainly deser)es the attention of e)ery diligent
obser)er of human nature"LZ
$he sociologist will be struc& with the stern regard here seen to be felt both
among the !hinese and (urmese (uddhists for the reputation of their priests" $he
same feeling pre)ails in $ibet, where one who is included in the sacerdotal order,
whether as lama or ordained priest, is punished with death for breach of the rule of
chastity" 'e and the woman are either bound together with ropes and flung into the
nearest stream or pond to drown, or buried to the chin in the ground and left to die by
inches" $he la)ish honour shown to the (uddhist priesthood in all (uddhistic
countries, is the popular tribute to the supposed high moral excellence of a class of
men who profess to imitate the character, and follow the precepts of #ord (uddha"
Z UPages 36GC66 in the Rangoon, 12G2 ed" ,1uare brac&ets are '"P"("Qs@!ompiler"V
Page 2
*nd candour will compel e)ery fair man to say with the Romish (ishop of
Rangoon, that their moral characters are, as a rule, blameless" #a.y they are beyond
doubt and too often selfish and ignorantE but the cases of sexual indulgence among
members of the ,angha are comparati)ely )ery rare" !ol" 5lcottQs experience, in
!eylon, tallies with (ishop (igandetQs, in (urma" $he )engeance ta&en upon recreant
priests in !hina and (urma is the more impressi)e since we can recall no instance
among !hristians of religious houses ha)ing been demolished by mobs, because of
the immoralities of clergymen or priests" *nd yet there has been pro)ocation of that
sort often enough gi)en, unless rumour has belied some worldCfamous Re)erends and
some thousands more of their profession in 6urope and *merica"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 1D6C1D2V
,o little is &nown by 6uropeans of what is going on in $ibet, and e)en in the
more accessible (hutan, that an *ngloC+ndian paper@one of those which pretend to
&now, and certainly discuss e)ery blessed subMect, whether they really &now anything
of it or not@actually came out with the following bit of )aluable informationR
+t may not be generally &nown that the /eb RaMa of (hutan, who died in =une
last, but whose decease has been &ept dar& till the present moment, probably to
pre)ent disturbances, is our old and successful opponent of 126C6G" " " " " $he (hutan
:o)ernment consists of a spiritual chief called the /hurm RaMa, an incarnation of
(uddha UP Y YV who ne)er dies@and a ci)il ruler called the /eb RaMa in whom is
supposed to centre all authority"
Page 9
* more ignorant assertion could hardly ha)e been made" +t may be argued that
K!hristianL writers belie)e e)en less in (uddhaQs reincarnations than the (uddhists of
!eylon, and, therefore, trouble themsel)es )ery little, whether or not they are
accurate in their statements" (ut, in such a case, why touch a subMect at allP #arge
sums are annually spent by :o)ernments to secure old *siatic manuscripts and learn
the truth about old religions and peoples, and it is not showing respect for either
science or truth to mislead people interested in them by a flippant and contemptuous
treatment of facts"
5n the authority of direct information recei)ed at our 'ead1uarters, we will try
to gi)e a more correct )iew of the situation than has hitherto been had from boo&s"
5ur informants are firstly@some )ery learned lamasE secondly@a 6uropean
gentleman and tra)eller, who prefers not to gi)e his nameE and thirdly@a highly
educated young !hinaman, brought up in *merica, who has since preferred to the
luxuries of worldly life and the pleasures of %estern ci)ili.ation, the comparati)e
pri)ations of a religious and contemplati)e life in $ibet" (oth of the two lastCnamed
gentlemen are 4ellows of our ,ociety, and the latter@our K!elestialL (rother, losing,
moreo)er, no opportunity of corresponding with us" * message from him has been
Must recei)ed )ia /arMeeling"
+n the present article, it is not much that we will ha)e to say" (eyond
contradicting the 1ueer notion of the (hutanese /harma RaMa being Kan incarnation
of (uddha,L we will only point out a few absurdities, in which some preMudiced
writers ha)e indulged"
+t certainly was ne)er &nown@least of all in $ibet@that the spiritual chief of
the (hutanese was Kan incarnation of (uddha, who ne)er dies"L $he K/ugCpaZ or
Red !apsL belong to the old [ingmapa sect, who resisted the religious reform
introduced by $songC8haCpa between the latter part of the fourteenth and the
beginning of the fifteenth centuries"
Z $he term K/ugCpaL in $ibet is deprecatory" $hey themsel)es pronounce it K/\gCpaL from the root
Kto bindL >religious binders to the old faith?E while the paramount sect@the :elu&pas >yellow caps?
@and the people, use the word in the sense of /ugCpa mischiefCma&ers, sorcerers" $he (hutanese
are generally called /ugCpa throughout $ibet and e)en in some parts of 9orthern +ndia"
Page 1B
+t was only after a lama coming to them from $ibet in the tenth century had
con)erted them from the old (uddhist faith@so strongly mixed up with the (\n
practices of the aborigines@into the ,hammar sect, that, in opposition to the
reformed K:elu&pas,L the (hutanese set up a regular system of reincarnations" +t is
not (uddha though, or K,angCgyasL@as he is called by the $ibetans@who incarnates
himself in the /harma RaMa, but 1uite another personageE one of whom we will spea&
later on"
9ow what do the 5rientalists &now of $ibet, its ci)il administration, and
especially its religion and its ritesP $hat, which they ha)e learned from the
contradictory, and in e)ery case imperfect statements of a few Roman !atholic
mon&s, and of two or three daring lay tra)ellers, who, ignorant of the language, could
scarcely be expected to gi)e us e)en a birdQsCeye )iew of the country" $he
missionaries, who introduced themsel)es in 1H19 stealthily into #hasa,Z were
suffered to remain there but a short time and were finally forcibly expelled from
$ibet" $he letters of the =esuits, /esideri, and =ohann :rueber, and especially that of
4ra della Penna, teem with the greatest absurdities"] !ertainly as superstitious, and
apparently far more so than the ignorant $ibetans themsel)es, on whom they father
e)ery ini1uity, one has but to read these letters to recogni.e in them that spirit or
odium theologicum felt by e)ery !hristian, and especially !atholic missionary, for
the KheathenL and their creedsE a spirit which blinds one entirely to the sense of
Mustice" *nd when could ha)e been found any better opportunity to )entilate their
mon&ish illChumour and )indicti)eness than in the matter of $ibet, the )ery land of
mystery, mysticism and seclusionP
Z 5ut of twel)e !apuchin friars who, under the leadership of 4ather della Penna, established a
mission at #hasa nine died shortly after, and only three returned home to tell the tale" >,ee
9arrati)es of the Mission of :eorge (ogle to $ibet, etc", by !lements R" Mar&ham !"(",
4"R","E#ondonR $r^bner !o", 12H6, pp" #ixClx" ?
] ,ee *ppendix to 9arrati)es, etc", by !" R" Mar&ham"
Page 11
(eside these few preMudiced Khistorians,L but fi)e more men of 6urope e)er
stepped into $ibet" 5f these, three@(ogle, 'amilton and $urner@penetrated no
farther than its borderlandsE Manning@the only 6uropean who is &nown to ha)e set
his foot into #hasaZ@died without re)ealing its secrets, for reasons suspected,
though ne)er admitted, by his only sur)i)ing nephew@a clergymanE and !soma de
8\r\s, who ne)er went beyond 7ans&ar, and the lamasery of Ph_gCdal"]
$he regular system of the #ama`c incarnations of K,anggyasL >or (uddha?
began with $songC8haCpa" $his reformer is not the incarnation of one of the fi)e
celestial /hyanis, or hea)enly (uddhas, as is generally supposed, said to ha)e been
created by ,a&ya Muni after he had risen to 9ir)ana, but that of K*mita,L one of the
!hinese names for (uddha" $he records preser)ed in the :ompa >lamasery? of
K$ashiC#h^npoL >spelt by the 6nglish $eshu #umbo? show that ,angCgyas incarnated
himself in $songC8hapa in conse1uence of the great degradation his doctrines had
fallen into" ;ntil then, there had been no other incarnations than those of the fi)e
celestial (uddhas and of their (odhisatt)as, each of the former ha)ing created >read,
o)ershadowed with his spiritual wisdom? fi)e of the lastCnamed@there were, and
now are in all but thirty incarnations@fi)e /hyanis and twentyCfi)e (odhisatt)as"
Z %e spea& of the present century" +t is )ery dubious whether the two missionaries 'uc and :abet
e)er entered #hasa" $he #amas deny it"
] %e are well aware that the name is generally written Pugdal, but it is erroneous to do so" KPugdalL
means nothing, and the $ibetans do not gi)e meaningless names to their sacred buildings" %e do not
&now how !soma de 8\r\s spells it, but, as in the case of PhoCtaCla of #hasa loosely spelt
KPotalaL@the lamasery of Ph_gCdal deri)es its name from Ph_gCpa >ph_g@eminent in holiness,
(uddhaCli&e, spiritualE and pa@man, father?, the title of K*)alo&ite[)ara,L the (odhisatt)a who
incarnates himself in the $aleyC#ama of #hasa" $he )alley of the :anges where (uddha preached
and li)ed is also called KPh_gCyul,L the holy, spiritual landE the word ph_g coming from the one root
@Ph_ or Ph\ being the corruption of 4o >or (uddha?, as the $ibetan alphabet contains no letter 4"
Page 13
+t was because, among many other reforms, $songC8haCpa forbade necromancy
>which is practiced to this day with the most disgusting rites, by the (\ns@the
aborigines of $ibet@with whom the Red !aps, or ,hammars, had always
fraterni.ed?, that the latter resisted his authority" $his act was followed by a split
between the two sects" ,eparating entirely from the :elu&pas, the /ugpas >Red !aps?
@from the first in a great minority@settled in )arious parts of $ibet, chiefly its
borderlands, and principally in 9epal and (hutan" (ut, while they retained a sort of
independence at the monastery of ,I&yaC=ong, the $ibetan residence of their spiritual
>P? chief :ongCsso Rinpoche, the (hutanese ha)e been from their beginning the
tributaries and )assals of the $aleyC#amas" +n his letter to %arren 'astings in 1HHD,
the $ashiC#ama, who calls the (hutanese Ka rude and ignorant race,L whose K/eb
RaMa is dependent upon the $aleyC#ama,L omits to say that they are also the
tributaries of his own ,tate and ha)e been now for o)er three centuries and a half"
$he $ashiC#amas were always more powerful and more highly considered than the
$aleyC#amas" $he latter are the creation of the $ashiC#ama, 9abangC#ob ,ang, the
sixth incarnation of $songC8haCpa@himself an incarnation of *mitabha, or (uddha"Z
Z U$he official lists of the $aleyC#amas and the $ashiC#amas, printed and published by the $ashiC
#h^npo monastery in $ibet, record that the first $aleyC#ama was instituted in 1D19, following the
passing of $songC8haCpa" 4urthermore, 9abangC#obC,ang >in $ibetan spelling 9agCdbangCb#oC
b,angE underlined letters not being pronounced? was the fifth $aleyC#ama >he may be termed the
sixth when $songC8haCpa is included, although the latter is not included in the $ashiC#h^npo
printing?" Moreo)er, it was the $aleyC#ama 9abangC#obC,ang who instituted his re)ered teacher,
b#oCbsang chQosC&yi rhyalCmtsQan >1G69C1663? as the first :rand #ama of $ashiC#h^npo, thus
establishing the $ashiC#ama 'ierarchy, according to the official listing" ,ince both :rand #amas
had the name of #obC,ang, the confusion is easily accounted for" >!f" $he (uddhism of $ibet, or
#amaism, #" *" %addell, compiler, pp" 333C36"?
Page 13
$his hierarchy was regularly installed at #hasa, but it originated only in the latter half
of the se)enteenth century"Z
+n Mr" !" R" Mar&hamQs highly interesting wor& abo)e noticed, the author has
gathered e)ery scrap of information that was e)er brought to 6urope about that terra
incognita" +t contains one passage, which, to our mind, sums up in a few words the
erroneous )iews ta&en by the 5rientalists of #amaism in general, and of its system of
perpetual reincarnation especially"
" " " +t was, indeed, at about the period of 'iuenC$hsangQs Mourney that (uddhism
first began to find its way into $ibet, both from the direction of !hina and that of
+ndiaE but it came in a )ery different form from that in which it reached !eylon
se)eral centuries earlier" $raditions, metaphysical speculations, and new dogmas had
o)erlaid the original ,criptures with an enormous collection of more recent
re)elation" $hus $ibet recei)ed a )ast body of truth, and could only assimilate a
portion for the establishment of a popular belief" ,ince the original ,criptures had
been con)eyed into !eylon by the son of *[o&a, it had been re)ealed to the de)out
(uddhists of +ndia that their #ord had created the fi)e /hyani or celestial (uddhas,
and that each of these had created fi)e (odhisattwas, or beings in the course of
attaining (uddhaChood" $he $ibetans too& firm hold of this phase of the (uddhistic
creed, and their distincti)e belief is that the (odhisattwas continue to remain in
existence for the good of man&ind by passing through a succession of human beings
from the cradle to the gra)e"
Z ,ays Mr" Mar&ham in $ibet >Preface, p" xl)ii?R K:edunCtubpa U:anden $ruppaV, another great
reformer, was contemporary with $songC8haCpa, ha)ing been born in 1339, and dying in 1DHD
Uha)ing thus li)ed 13G yearsV" 'e built the monastery at $eshu #umbo U$ashiC#hunpoV in 1DDG, and
it was in the person of this perfect #ama, as he was called, that the system of perpetual incarnation
commenced" 'e was himself the incarnation of (odhisatt)a Padma Pani, and on his death he
relin1uished the attainment of (uddhahood that he might be born again and again for the benefit of
man&ind" %hen he died, his successor was found as an infant, by the possession of certain di)ine
U:anden $ruppa was the grandnephew of $songC8haCpa and the first $aleyC#amaE the 5fficial #ist
of the $aleyC#amas state that his birth too& place in 1391 and his death in 1DHG"@!ompiler"V
Page 1D
$his characteristic of their faith was gradually de)eloped, and it was long before
it recei)ed its present formEZ but the succession of incarnate (odhisattwas was the
idea towards which the $ibetan mind tended from the first" *t the same time, as Max
M^ller saysR K$he most important element of the (uddhist reform has always been its
social and moral code, not its metaphysical theories" $hat moral code, ta&en by itself,
is one of the most perfect which the world has e)er &nownLE and it was this blessing
that the introduction of (uddhism brought into $ibet" >+ntroduction, pp" xl)Cxl)i"?
$he KblessingL has remained and spread all o)er the country, there being no
&inder, purerCminded, more simple or sinCfearing nation than the $ibetans, missionary
slanders notwithstanding"]
Z +ts KpresentL is its earliest form, as we will try to show further on" * correct analysis of any
religion )iewed but from its popular aspect, becomes impossible@least of all #amaism, or esoteric
(uddhism as disfigured by the untutored imaginati)e fer)our of the populace" $here is a )aster
difference between the K#amaismL of the learned classes of the clergy and the ignorant masses of
their parishioners, than there is between the !hristianity of a (ishop (er&eley and that of a modern
+rish peasant" 'itherto 5rientalists ha)e made themsel)es superficially ac1uainted but with the
beliefs and rites of popular (uddhism in $ibet, chiefly through the distorting glasses of missionaries
which throw out of focus e)ery religion but their own" $he same course has been followed in
respect to ,inhalese (uddhism, the missionaries ha)ing, as !ol" 5lcott obser)es in the too brief
Preface to his (uddhist !atechism, for many years been taunting the ,inhalese with the Kpuerility
and absurdity of their religionL when, in point of fact, what they ma&e UfunV of is not orthodox
(uddhism at all" (uddhist fol&lore and fairy stories are the accretions of twentyCsix centuries"
] $he reader has but to compare in Mr" Mar&hamQs $ibet the warm, impartial and fran& praises
bestowed by (ogle and $urner on the $ibetan character and moral standing and the enthusiastic
eulogies of $homas Manning to the address of the $aleyC#ama and his people, with the three letters
of the three =esuits in the *ppendix, to enable himself to form a decisi)e opinion" %hile the former
three gentlemen, impartial narrators, ha)ing no obMect to distort truth, hardly find sufficient
adMecti)es to express their satisfaction with the $ibetans, the three Kmen of :odL pic& no better
terms for the $aleyC#amas and the $ibetans than Ktheir de)ilish :od the 4atherL " " " K)indicti)e
de)ilsL Kfiends who &now how to dissemble,L who are Kcowardly, arrogant, and proudL " " " Kdirty
and immoral,L etc", etc", etc", all in the same strain for the sa&e of truth and !hristian charityY
Page 1G
(ut yet, for all that, the popular #amaism, when compared with the real esoteric,
or *rahat (uddhism of $ibet, offers a contrast as great as the snow trodden along a
road in the )alley, to the pure and undefiled mass which glitters on the top of a high
mountain pea&"Z * few of such mista&en notions about the latter, we will now
endea)our to correct as far as it is compatible to do so"
(efore it can be clearly shown how the (hutanese were forcibly brought into
subMection, and their /harma RaMa made to accept the KincarnationsL only after these
had been examined into, and recogni.ed at #hasa, we ha)e to throw a retrospecti)e
glance at the state of the $ibetan religion during the se)en centuries which preceded
the reform" *s said before, a #ama had come to (hutan from 8ham@that pro)ince
which had always been the stronghold and the hotCbed of the K,hammarL or (\n
rites]@between the ninth and tenth centuries, and had con)erted them into what he
called (uddhism" (ut in those days, the pure religion of ,a&ya Muni had already
commenced degenerating into that #amaism, or rather fetishism, against which four
centuries later, $songC8haCpa rose with all his might" $hough three centuries had only
passed since $ibet had been con)erted >with the exception of a handful of ,hammars
and (\ns?, yet esoteric (uddhism had crept far earlier into the country" +t had begun
superseding the ancient popular rites e)er since the time when the (rahmins of +ndia,
getting again the upper hand o)er *[o&aQs (uddhism, were silently preparing to
oppose it, an opposition which culminated in their finally and entirely dri)ing the
new faith out of the country"
Z *s 4ather /esideri has it in one of his )ery few correct remar&s about the lamas of $ibet, Kthough
many may &now how to read their mysterious boo&s, not one can explain themL@an obser)ation
byCtheCby, which might be applied with as much Mustice to the !hristian as to the $ibetan clergy"
>,ee *pp", $ibet, p" 3B6"?
] $he ,hammar sect is not, as wrongly supposed, a &ind of corrupted (uddhism" but an offshoot of
the (\n religion@itself a degenerated remnant of the !haldean mysteries of old, now a religion
entirely based upon necromancy, sorcery and soothCsaying" $he introduction of (uddhaQs name in it
means nothing"
Page 16
$he brotherhood or community of the ascetics &nown as the (yangCtsiub@the
K*ccomplishedL and the KPerfectL existed before (uddhism spread in $ibet, and was
&nown, and so mentioned in the preC(uddhistic boo&s of !hina as the fraternity of the
Kgreat teachers of the snowy mountains"L
(uddhism was introduced into (odCyul in the beginning of the se)enth century
by a pious !hinese Princess, who had married a $ibetan 8ing,Z who was con)erted
by her from the (\n religion into (uddhism, and had become since then a pillar of
the faith in $ibet, as *[o&a had been nine centuries earlier in +ndia" +t was he who
sent his minister@according to 6uropean 5rientalistsE his own brother, the first #ama
in the country@according to $ibetan historical records@to +ndia" $his brother
minister returned Kwith the great body of truth contained in the (uddhist canonical
,criptures, framed the $ibetan alphabet from the /e)anagari of +ndia, and
commenced the translation of the canon from ,ans&rit@it had pre)iously been
translated from Pali, the old language of Magadha into ,ans&rit@into the language of
the country"L >,ee Mar&hamQs $ibet, p" xl)i"?]
;nder the old rule and before the reformation, the high #amas were often
permitted to marry, so as to incarnate themsel)es in their own direct descendants@a
custom which $songC8haCpa abolished, strictly enMoining celibacy on the #amas"
Z * widely spread tradition tells us that after ten years of married life, with her husbandQs consent,
she renounced it, and in the garb of a nun@a :elongCma, or K*ni,L she preached (uddhism all o)er
the country, as, se)eral centuries earlier, the Princess ,anghamitta, *[o&aQs daughter, had preached
it in +ndia and !eylon"
] (ut, what he does not say >for none of the writers, he deri)es his information from, &new it? is
that this Princess is the one, who is belie)ed to ha)e reincarnated herself since then in a succession
of female #amas or Rim ani@precious nuns" /urMiay PanCmo of whom (ogle spea&s@his $ashi
#amaQs halfCsister@and the superior of the nunnery on the #a&e <am dogCtso or Palti #a&e, was one
of such reincarnations"
Page 1H
$he #ama 6nlightener of (hutan had a son whom he had brought with him" +n
this sonQs first male child born after his death the #ama had promised the people to
reincarnate himself" *bout a year after the e)ent@so goes the religious legend@the
son was blessed by his (hutanese wife with triplets, all the three boysY ;nder this
embarrassing circumstance, which would ha)e floored any other casuists, the *siatic
metaphysical acuteness was fully exhibited" $he spirit of the deceased #ama@the
people were told@incarnated himself in all the three boys" 5ne had his 5m, the other
his 'an, the third@his 'oong" 5r >,ans&rit?R (uddha@di)ine mind, /harma@
matter or animal soul, and ,angha@the union of the former two in our phenomenal
world" +t is this pure (uddhist tenet which was degraded by the cunning (hutanese
clergy to ser)e the better their ends" $hus their first #ama became a triple incarnation,
three #amas, one of whom@they say@got his Kbody,L the other, his KheartL and the
third, his@word or wisdom" $his hierarchy lasted with power undi)ided until the
fifteenth century, when a #ama named /ugpa ,habCtung, who had been defeated by
the :elu&pas of :anden $ruppa,Z in)aded (hutan at the head of his army of mon&s"
!on1uering the whole country, he proclaimed himself their first /harma RaMa, or
#ama Rinpoche@ thus starting a third K:emL in opposition to the two :elu&pa
K:ems"L (ut this K:emL ne)er rose to the eminence of a MaMesty, least of all was he
e)er considered a K:em of #earningL or wisdom" 'e was defeated )ery soon after his
proclamation by $ibetan soldiers, aided by !hinese troops of the <ellow ,ect, and
forced to come to terms" 5ne of the clauses was the permission to reign spiritually
o)er the Red !aps in (hutan, pro)ided he consented to reincarnate himself in #hasa
after his death, and ma&e the law hold good for e)er"
Z $he builder and founder of $ashiC#h^npo >$eshuClumbo? in 1DDGE called the KPerfect #ama,L or
Panchhen@the precious Mewel, from the wordsR Panchhen, great teacher, and KRimpoche,L precious
Mewel" %hile the $aleyC#ama is only :yalpo Rimpoche, or Kgem of &ingly maMesty,L the $ashiC
#ama of ,higatse is Panchhen Rimpoche or the :em of %isdom and #earning"
Page 12
9o /harma RaMa since then was e)er proclaimed or recogni.ed, unless he was
born either at #hasa or on the $ashiC#h^npo territory" *nother clause was to the effect
that the /harma RaMas should ne)er permit public exhibitions of their rites of sorcery
and necromancy, and the third that a sum of money should be paid yearly for the
maintenance of a lamasery, with a school attached where the orphans of Red !aps,
and the con)erted ,hammars should be instructed in the K:ood /octrineL of the
:elu&pas" $hat the latter must ha)e had some secret power o)er the (hutanese, who
are among the most inimical and irreconcilable of their RedCcapped enemies, is
pro)ed by the fact that #ama /ugpa ,habCtung was reborn at #hasa, and that to this
day the reincamated /harma RaMas are sent and installed at (hutan by the #hasa and
,higatse authorities" $he latter ha)e no concern in the administration sa)e their
spiritual authority, and lea)e the temporal go)ernment entirely in the hands of the
/ebCRaMa and the four PanClobs, called in +ndian official papers Penlows, who in their
turn are under the immediate authority of the #hasa officials"
4rom the abo)e it will be easily understood that no K/harma RaMaL was e)er
considered as an incarnation of (uddha" $he expression that the latter Kne)er diesL
applies but to the two great incarnations of e1ual ran&@the $aley and the $ashiC
#amas" (oth are incarnations of (uddha, though the former is generally designated as
that of *)alo&ite[wara, the highest celestial /hyani" 4or him who understands the
pu..ling mystery by ha)ing obtained a &ey to it, the :ordian &not of these successi)e
reincarnations is easy to untie" 'e &nows that *)alo&ite[wara and (uddha are one as
*mitaCphoZ >pronounced 4o? or Ksaintly menL >adepts? teaches upon this subMect, is
not to be re)ealed to the world at large"
Z +n $ibetan pho and pha@pronounced with a soft labial breathCli&e sound@means at the same
time Kman, father"L ,o phaCyul is nati)e landE phoCnya, angel, messenger of good newsE phaCme,
ancestors, etc"
Page 19
*mitaC(uddha is identical with the former" %hat the mystic doctrine of the
initiated KPh_gCpaL or $he little that can be gi)en out will be found in a paper on the
K'oly #haL which we hope to publish in our next"Z
Z U9o such paper, essay or article has e)er been identified or located, although there is a certain
amount of information on the subMect in )arious miscellaneous material from '" P" ("Qs pen"@
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, p" 1D9V
5ur friend Mr" $erry, of Melbourne, is fortunate in ha)ing access to a
clair)oyante of exceptionally good lucidity, as he informs us" Auite recently she
claims to ha)ing seen in her trances the 8amaCrupa >double? of a li)ing man, who is
thus described by Mr" $erry in a letter recei)ed by us by the last *ustralian mail"
*n intelligence clothed in human form, wearing an 6astern costume, and ha)ing
a dar& complexion, but not so dar& as the a)erage 'indoo, professing to be 8ootC
'oomi, presented himself to my clair)oyante, and + con)ersed with him" $hough
there was nothing in the con)ersation inconsistent with the character assumed, there
were still no proofs of identity" + will experiment further" + must ha)e e)idence as a
basis of belief"
$he description is )ague and may suit any one of some thousands of 8ashmiris
and (rahmins of )arious families 8ootC'oomi is, in fact, of a light complexion"
'a)ing as&ed his attention to the foregoing, we are authori.ed to say on his behalf
that he will not yet affirm or deny the truth of this )ision" Mr" $erry promises to ma&e
further experiments, the issue of which he will await" %e will say howe)er, that 8" '"
has before now both been seen by clair)oyants, and KcontrolledL a medium, as we are
Page 3B
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, p" 16BV
4or if the truth of :od hath more abounded through my lie unto his gloryE yet
am + also Mudged as a sinnerPL
@Romans, iii, H"
Mr" =oseph !oo&, in one of his ex1uisite lectures at (ombay @ namely, that of
=anuary 19 @ de)oted generally to the enlightenment of the benighted nati)es of this
city, on the beatific truths of missionary !hristianity, and especially to the demolition
of ,piritualism and $heosophy@came down )ery hard upon the former" K$hat
wretched mo)ement,L he said >,piritualism?, which had supporters only Kamong the
halfCeducated populations in the great *merican towns " " " had been doing immense
mischief in the ;nited ,tates " " " ,piritualism was composed of se)enCtenths of fraudE
twoCtenths of ner)ous delusion, and in the remaining oneCtenth " " " nothing was in it,
or ,atan was in it " " "L Personally, he had not Kthe honour of a distant ac1uaintance
with ten of the ,piritualists who deser)ed to be called men of any intellectual breadth
and culture " " "L
+t may, therefore, interest our readers to &now that this great lecturer who
thundered against the ,piritualists and oursel)es, was at one time unintellectual
enough to attend a ,piritualistic sSance at (oston to test the )eracity of ,piritualistic
phenomenaE and also truthful enough, for once, to put his name and autograph
signature to the little letter we reproduce for the benefit of our readers" +t is needless
to say where all rightCminded +ndians ha)e to see& for truthR whether in the present
ranting speeches of Mr" !oo& or in the modest letter which he has deigned to sign"
Page 31
9ow that Mr" !oo& has put himself at a safe distance from the $heosophists, and
has again ta&en to the pleasant tas& of slandering us in the city of !alcutta, we may as
well show him in his true colours" %e draw, therefore, the attention of those of our
friends in the K!ity of PalacesL who may not ha)e seen the (ombay :a.ette of
4ebruary 1H, to a letter which appeared on that date in that paper" %e 1uote it
)erbatim with a re1uest to put it side by side with his lecture of =anuary 19 and to
Mudge for themsel)es of the reliability of the statements of the Re)" gentleman" %e
would say nothing further than this, that Mr" !oo& seems to ta&e scrupulously for his
guidance in life the )erse from the Romans placed as a motto at the head of our
>4rom the (ombay :a.ette of the 1Hth 4ebruary, 1223?
MR" =5,6P' !558 *9/ $'6 ,P+R+$;*#+,$,"
$o the 6ditor of the (ombay :a.ette"
,ir,@Mr" =oseph !oo&, when recently lecturing here, expressed himself )ery
scornfully of ,piritualism and all its wor&s"
+f you will refer to page 3G of a wor&, $he ,cientific (asis of ,piritualism
published in (oston by !olby and Rich, 1221, you will see Mr" =oseph !oo&Qs
signature to an account of certain phenomena which he )ouches for as not explicable
by any theory of fraud" 'ere is the whole extractR@
Report of the 5bser)ers of the ,argent experiment in Psychography in (oston,
13th March, 122B"
*t the house of 6pes ,argent, on the e)ening of ,aturday, March 13, the
undersigned saw two clean slates placed face to face, with a bit of slate pencil
between them" %e all held our hands clasped around the edges of the two slates" $he
hands of Mr" %at&ins, the psychic, also clasped the slates" +n this position we all
distinctly heard the pencil mo)ing, and, on opening the slates, found an intelligent
message in a strong masculine hand, in answer to a 1uestion as&ed by one of the
*fterwards, two slates were clamped together with strong brass fixtures, and held at
armQs length by Mr" !oo&, while the rest of the company and the psychic had their
hands in full )iew on the tableY
*fter a moment of waiting, the slates were opened, and a message in a feminine
hand was found on one of the inner surfaces" $here were fi)e lighted gas burners in
the room at the time"
Page 33
%e cannot apply to these facts any theory of fraud, and we do not see how the
writing can be explained unless matter, in the slate pencil, was mo)ed without
>,igned"? 4" 6" (;9/<, M"/"
/o" 6P6, ,*R:69$"
/o" =5'9 !" 8+996<"
/o" '69R< :" %'+$6"
/o" =5,6P' !558"
(oston, March 13, 122B"
+t is further mentioned in the boo& in 1uestion that KMr" !oo& was well abused
by the religious Mournals for testifying to what he saw"L $he abuse has e)idently not
been thrown away upon Mr" !oo&E it has con)erted him from the error of his ways,
and he now see&s to con)ert others by abusing them in his
[part of this page is lost...]
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 161C163V
* wise and Must interpretation of the main obMects of our ,ociety was gi)en by
our esteemed contemporary the Mahratta of Poona in its issue of =anuary 33" ,ays the
%hen we reduce the definition of $heosophy to the simplest form, we find that
$heosophy is nothing but wa&ing up nati)es to &now and to feel that they are nati)es"
+f we are right, in defining $hesophy, and we hope we are $heosophy appears to
approach nearer the future religion of +ndia, than does !hristianity or any other
foreign religion" $heosophy, so far as we ha)e been able to &now, tries to create
nothing new, casts no slur upon any religion of +ndia, and abo)e all, is intended to
&eep the fire of nationality ali)e in the breast of e)ery nati)e" 5neQs religion, caste
and creed are e)er dear to him, and, if any attempts are desirable to create anything
li&e an +ndian nation made of one people, professing the same caste, spea&ing the
same language, fired by the same lo)e of their country, han&ering after the same goal
of ambition, ha)ing the same li&es and same disli&es, in short, it can only be done by
infusing a feeling of ;ni)ersal (rotherhood"
Page 33
$heosophy, unli&e !hristianity, tries to bring about the consummation, de)outly
to be wished, not by destroying but by constructing the materials at present existing
in +ndia" !olonel 5lcott, Madame (la)ats&y, and their brother $heosophists,
naturally, therefore, resent any insult gi)en to us, our ancient religions and
%e heartily than& our colleagues of the Mahratta for these &ind and profoundly
true words" $hey are rightE and that paper is thus one of the first, though we sincerely
hope it will not be the last, to appreciate, at their correct )alue, our humble but
unselfish and untiring efforts toward the reali.ation >howe)er partial? of that which
has hitherto been always regarded by the pessimists as a )ain UbutV glorious utopia"
$hat our labour@a labour of lo)e though it be, yet one which had, since its )ery
beginning, to be carried on by its pioneers through thorny and roc&y paths@begins to
be appreciated by the nati)es, is our best reward" 6)idently our *ryan (rothers
commence percei)ing that our ,ociety is not 1uite the dar& plotting centre full of
manCtraps and threatening secret moti)es it is usually represented to be, by our
cruelest enemiesE nor is its wor& confined to, or solely bent upon, bringing the nati)es
bac& to Kdegrading beliefs and superstitions in an anthropomorphic and now long
exploded supernaturalismL@as some other less cruel, still uncompromising
opponents of ours would maintain, ignorantly pronouncing both the $heosophical
mo)ement and our occult experiments >the latter indeed but a )ery small part of its
wor&? no better than a delusion and a snare"
$hen, there is another of our friendly and patriotic contemporaries, *mrita
(a.aar Patri&a, also noticing the ,ociety and showing as &ind an appreciation of our
wor& as we can e)er hope for, by saying thatR K$he society has done one great good,
and we feel that e)en here, in (engal" People ha)e learnt to respect their forefathers,
and their philosophy, their ci)ili.ation and religion"L *nd K$he anni)ersary ceremony
of the $heosophical ,ociety was a )ery successful one this year"
Page 3D
%e wish our educated men would lay to heart the sage counsels of !olonel
5lcott, the PresidentC4ounder of the ,ociety"L
$hus, to refute the ignorant and male)olent insinuations of the Materialists, and
the no less ignorant, and perchance, still more male)olent accusations of some
,piritualists, we ha)e but to refer them to some nati)e papers in +ndia and to the
hundreds of letters we recei)e from all parts of the great Peninsula, than&ing us@
some enthusiastically@for the Kgreat wor& of national regenerationL we ha)e
underta&en" ,o strong is the animus of the ,piritualists against us whom they ought to
regard@were they wise@and treat as their (rothers, that seldom do we recei)e our
wee&ly number of the ,piritualist without finding in it half a do.en malicious flings
at the $heosophists" $hus the ,piritualist of =anuary 13@a number nearly entirely
de)oted to !olonel 5lcott and Madame (la)ats&y, the former being ta&en to tas& for
his K6lementaries,L and the latter for her Kspiritual selfishnessLZ@opens with an
editorial K* (lot in (uddhaQs #ife"L %e ha)e rarely come across a column in which
the subMect treated was made so transparently subser)ient to the animus of the author,
directed against the obMect of his attac&" $he great (uddha, and the alleged desertion
of his young wife are used as a weapon to hit our President with" K!olonel 5lcott,
formerly a ,piritualist, afterwards a $heosophist, seems now to ha)e turned a
(uddhist, for he has been establishing (uddhist schools in !eylon, and has written a
(uddhist !atechism which is circulating extensi)ely in +ndia " " "L 'ence@the fling
at (uddha@Lthe great religious teacher of 6astern nationsL from no admirer of
whom@Kha)e we e)er heard any comment upon a dar& feature of (uddhaQs life,
assuming for the moment that he e)er li)ed at all and that his supposed career is not a
Z $o ma&e his point a little clearer, and our K,elfishnessL the more apparent, the KinspiredL writer
ought to ha)e used at least the word K$heosophicalL instead of K,piritual"L $he title of his article
pays bac& the compliment in the same coin to the ,piritualists themsel)es"
Page 3G
$hus, rather assume utter ignorance of an historical factZ than miss an
opportunity of hitting >as he hopes but fails to? !olonel 5lcott, who from a
,piritualist and a $heosophist has Kturned (uddhist"L %e pity the writer, capable of
exhibiting such a spirit of narrowCminded )indicti)eness, that it crowds out entirely,
e)en to an appearance of logical reasoning in him" =ust as though a (uddhist could
not be at the same time a $heosophist and e)en a ,piritualistY $he writer is cordially
in)ited to add to the abo)e three appellations those of a (rahmin and a Parsi, as
!olonel 5lcott, notwithstanding his (uddhist religion, wor&s with as much fer)our
for the regeneration and purification of dying (rahminism and 7oroastrianism as he
does for his coCreligionists" 'a)ing laid the foundation of a national (uddhist 4und
for the spread of education in !eylon, he is preparing to do the same for the 'indus
and Parsis" %e are a K;ni)ersal (rotherhood,L let it be remembered" 5ur ,ociety
represents no one faith or race, but e)ery faith as e)ery raceE and each of those
KheathenL who Moin us,] because of their mystical and religious inclinations, do so
with an ardent obMect of understanding the hidden beauties of their ancient and
respecti)e creeds the betterE with a hope of fathoming@by brea&ing through the thic&
crust of bigoted dogma@the depths of true religious and spiritual thought" *nd, as
each of them di)es into the apparently fathomless abyss of metaphysical abstractions
and 6astern symbology, and clears away the accumulated rubbish of the ages, he
disco)ers that one and the same $R;$' underlies them all" +n what other religion of
our day can be found the noble uni)ersal tolerance for all other faiths such as taught
in (uddhismP
Z %e ad)ise the writer of the editorial to turn to Prof" Max M^llerQs !hips, Vol" +, p" 319, *rt"
K(uddhism,L in which the learned ,ans&ritist established Kthe true historical characterL of the
4ounder of (uddhism and ta&es to tas& e)en ,ir %" =ones for his identifying (uddha with mythical
] Many are those who Moin for 1uite different and )arious obMects" %e spea& here but of the mystics"
Page 36
%hat other creed enforces such practical proofs of brotherly lo)e and mutual
toleration better or more effectually than does the godless faith preached by the 'oly
Master ,a&yaCMuniP $ruly might we repeat with Professor Max M^ller, that there are
sentences in the inscriptions of 8ing *[o&a Kwhich might be read with ad)antage by
our own missionaries, though they are now more than 3BBB years old"L ,uch
inscriptions on the roc&s of :irnar, /hauli and 8apurdigiri as@
KPiyadasi, the &ing belo)ed of the gods, desires that the ascetics of all creeds
might reside in all places" *ll these ascetics profess ali&e the command which people
should exercise o)er themsel)es and the purity of the soul" (ut people ha)e different
opinions and different inclinations"L *nd againR
K* man ought to honour his faith onlyE but he should ne)er abuse the faith of
others " " " $here are e)en circumstances where the religion of others ought to be
honoured" *nd in acting thus, a man fortifies his own faith and assists the faith of
'ad our President found in !hristianity and ,piritualism the same precepts
practically exemplified, he might, perhaps, at this hour, ha)e remained as he was"
'a)ing found in both, howe)er, nought but dogmatism, bigotry and an unrelenting
spirit of persecution, he turned to that which to him appears the consummation of the
ideal of brotherly lo)e and of freedom of thought for all"
%e regret then to find the spirit of such dogmatic intolerance in a leading
spiritual paper ad)ocating a mo)ement which professes to be an impro)ement upon
sectarian !hristianity" +t throws no additional lustre upon the writerE but repeating his
wordsR KRather the re)erse"L
Z U+talics are by '" P" ("@!ompiler"V
Page 3H
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++ 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 163C163V
$o the 6ditor of $he $heosophist"
5n the last page of 9o" D of Psychic 9otes, a correspondent is made to state that
he, together with a few friends, Kout of mere curiosity and for the fun of the thing,L
arranged a series of sSances" $he first was unsuccessful, but the remaining ones were
producti)e of proofs innumerable" *nd yet none of the parties present was a
KconMurer, mesmerist, medium or spiritualistLY
+s this possibleP + always thought that the presence of a medium at seances was
a necessary condition of manifestations" 5r can it be that some one at the sSances in
1uestion was@if that were possible@an unconscious mediumP
<our opinion will be highly )alued by
<ours obediently,
$he possible explanation of such manifestations can be found only in one of the
following three hypothesesR
>1? $he presence of a medium@either conscious or unconscious,
>3? $he presence of an adept, or his influenceE although no adept would trouble
himself with such@>what to him are?@trifles" 5r@which is the most probable@
>3? $he combined result of the magnetic aura of the persons present, forming a
strong battery" $his would be )ery li&ely to produce such manifestations, whether
there were a medium present or not"
9o fourth hypothesis we can thin& of would answer"
Page 32
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 163C16DV
%hen the 'eliocentric system was finally and irretrie)ably established, and no
escape from it was found possible, the !hurch, letting go the K=oshua stopping the
sunL miracle, passed the word among the faithful, and the@K%e ha)e always said
soL@policy was swiftly adopted" %hen, after denying pointblan& occult phenomena,
denouncing them from first to last as an outCandCout Mugglery, and calling names all
those who belie)ed in them, the !i)il and Military :a.ette of #ahore found itself
badly cornered by the determined testimony of a cle)er, professional conMurer, who,
refusing to ma&e his good faith subser)ient to public preMudice, confessed to Mr"
6glintonQs phenomena being Kgenuine,L it forthwith turned round and declared that it
is all as it should be, and that the :a.ette had ne)er denied it" #i&e the Kfi)e foolish
)irginsL of the parable, who forgot their oil and fell asleep o)er their lamps, it now
&noc&s at the door, and tries to assure the public that it has always &ept Kwide awa&eL
o)er the subMect, and that it has ne)er been caught nodding or &ic&ing in its beatific
sleep of blan& denial" 5f course notR it was but collecting its thoughts" *nd now that
the K(ridegroomL in the shape of an undeniable phenomenon is there, the outcome of
the :a.etteQs profound meditations may be found in the following ungraceful
admission, and the still more clumsy attempt at an explanation"
Mr" 8ellar, the conMurer Usays the :a.etteV, is )ery much surprised by what he
experienced at a spiritualist sSance held recently at 9o" 1, !ommercial (uildings,
!alcutta" Mr" 8ellar has himself been doing some )ery surprising things in the way of
ri)alling the spiritualist feats but what he saw on this occasion in the matter of flying,
or floating, as he terms it, beats anything that could be achie)ed, he says, e)en by
Page 39
Mas&elyne and !oo&" *mong other things, he describes how he held on to a Mr"
6glinton, who, rising into the air, actually lifted Mr" 8ellar se)eral inches off his feetY
$his case of the conMurer outCconMured, has occurred before in the ancient times, as no
doubt our readers may remember ha)ing read, and when such a one finds himself
beaten at his own weapons, we can understand his feeling surprised and
o)ercrowded" *s far as we can gather from his description of the sSance in the +ndian
/aily 9ews, the position of these floating gentlemen is not so safe as it might be" 4or
instance, Mr" 6glinton, while high in air, Kfell hea)ily on the tableL owing to another
gentleman who held Mr" 8ellarQs left hand ha)ing let go" 9or, indeed, ha)e the
neophytes 1uite a pleasant time of it, for Mr" 8ellar says that at one time his chair was
Mer&ed from under him with great force, a rude practical Mo&e which shows that the
spirits ha)e not, at any rate, learned manners in their disembodied state" %e cannot
understand that, in the present stage of scientific progress, a man li&e Mr" 8ellar,
presumably familiar with all the actual and possible de)elopments of han&yCpan&y,
should be surprised at anything" 'e has probably seen and heard a good deal of
mesmerism and electroCbiology" 'e no doubt can himself practice that familiar feat of
the power of will called forcing a card" 'e &nows that we are at present in the *" ("
!" of the science of 6lectricity and Magnetism, of which one of the lessC&nown
de)elopments is called odyllic force" +f the magnetic power of some men can be
supposed to actually mould li)ing beings to their will, and act at pleasure on all their
ner)es and senses, ma&ing them smell, taste, see feel, spea&, mo)e@actually thin&@
at the fantasy of the operator, there should be nothing wonderful in another
de)elopment of the same gal)anic power, mo)ing tables and chairs, carrying pianos
through the air, or playing )iolins" %hen Mr" 6glinton has disco)ered the means of
applying the magnetic current of many Moined hands and many subdued wills to
o)ercome the power of gra)ity on his own person, before many years are out,
doubtless, this de)elopment of gal)anic science will be applied to some useful
purpose, instead of being merely an instrument of han&ypan&y" *t present it is
doubtless in the aw&wardness of its extreme infancy, for it exposes the operator to the
ris& of brea&ing his nec&, and it is applied in such an exhausting and inartistic way as
to lea)e those who exercise it, utterly prostrate, at the end of an exhibition, li&e an
exhausted /ufaure box" $he human mind appears unable to reali.e that there are as
good fish in the sea of nature as e)er came out of it" 5ne would ha)e supposed that,
at the present stage of scientific disco)ery, our minds would ha)e been in a recepti)e
state, ready to admit any wonder sufficiently pro)ed by e)idence@ say by the same
amount of e)idence on which we would hang a man" (ut no" * says to ( K+ ha)e
ne)er seen a sea serpent, ha)e youPL
Page 3B
K9o,L says ( Kand no more has !@Lso the rest of the alphabet, all gra)e, discreet,
respectable letters may swear to the sea serpent, of whose existence they ha)e been
eyewitnessesE but * and ( Kwho would belie)e them in a matter of murderL will not
belie)e them regarding the existence of a monster conger eel" %e only say this by
way of example" 4ar be it from us to assert the existence of this eel, though MaMor
,enior, the 'umane ,ociety Medallist, saw, described, and drew it in the :ulf of
*den" (ut incredulity, be it remembered, existed in the case of the 8ra&en, till two
fishermen one day cut off and brought to the ,a)ants eighteen feet of one of that
disagreeable !alameryQs tentacles" *nd so it is, and will be, in the matter of the
floating and banMoCplaying of Mr" 6glinton and his brother spiritualists, till some fine
day one of the scientific electricians ta&es out a patent for charging human beings
with gal)anic power, after the same manner that a /ufaure box is charged with
$his is what we should call Ka turnCcoat policyL effected with the dexterity of a
K/a)enport (rother"L $o hear the !i)il and Military :a.ette reproaching other people
for not &eeping their minds Kin a recepti)e state, ready to admit any wonder
sufficiently pro)ed on e)idenceL is as amusing as to read of the con)erted wolf in the
:olden #egend preaching !hristianity in the /esert" 9ot later bac& than in =uly last,
the :a.ette sweepingly proclaimed e)ery experimenter in occult science and medium
@an impostor and a Muggler, as e)ery $heosophist and ,piritualist@a deluded fool"
*nd now it admits that the world is Kin the *"("! of the ,cience of 6lectricity and
MagnetismLY@ a fact enounced and repeated in our Mournal ad nauseam us1ue@and,
falls bac& upon Kthe lessC&nown de)elopments of odyllic forceL@we spell it odylic@
with a readiness 1uite proportionate to its denial of that force but a few months bac&"
+n the cases of le)itation, howe)er, we suspect the :a.etteQs scientifically trained
mind would find itself at sea altogetherE and our bene)olent contemporary would
ha)e to see&, in its great perplexity, counsel with the $heosophical ,ociety" $he
le)itation phenomenon has nought to do with the odylic frea&s of the electricity
&nown to orthodox science, but e)erything with the mystery of the interchange of
correlati)e forces" %e published the &ey to it four years ago in +sis ;n)eiled >Vol" +,
pp" xxiiiCxxi), *rt" K*ethrobasyL?"
Page 31
#et any manQs body be charged >whether consciously or otherwise? with the
polarity of the spot which supports him >be it a natural soil, or a floor of whate)er
description? and the similar polarity will shoot his body off in the air li&e a childQs
balloon" +t is no reason because the possibility of such a polaric assimilation has not
yet come under the obser)ation of the Royal ,ociety, why some descendants of those
whose forefathers ha)e experimented for numberless ages upon the hidden powers of
the human body@should not ha)e cogni.ance of it" 9aturally@the power manifests
itself, but in extremely rare cases@in some ner)ous diseases of that &ind which baffle
science in all its phasesE to produce it artificially, the person who guides it must be
partially, if not wholly, ac1uainted with that which, in the ,ans&rit wor&s on
5ccultism, is called the K9a)a 9idhiL or the nine Mewels of RaMaC<oga"Z $he most
perfect K,amadhi,L the highest of the K,iddhisL of K'athaC<ogaL can at best guide the
subMect to the threshold of the world of in)isible matter, not to those of the world of
spirit, where the hidden and subtler potencies of nature lie dormant until disturbed " " "
(ut as this will pro)e :ree& to the !i)il and Military :a.ette, we ha)e to spea& to it
in its own language" (y saying that the day may come when human beings will be
charged with gal)anic power@Lafter the same manner that a /ufaure box is charged
with 6lectricity,L@it enounces a piece of news which is one but to itself" (esides
which, it sounds li&e prophesying the disco)ery of gunpowder during the middle
ages" $he K,cientific electriciansL will come a cycle too late" $he Kcharging of human
beingsL with a power of which the !i)il and Military :a.ette has not e)en dreamt of,
was disco)ered ages ago, though the disco)erers thereof ha)e ne)er claimed
recognition at the KPatent 5ffice"L
Z $he student of <oga philosophy must not confound these nine degrees of +nitiation with the
K*shta ,iddhisL or the minor eight degrees of K'athaC<oga"L +n &nowledge and powers, the latter
stand in the same proportion to the former as rudiments of *rithmetic to the highest degrees of
Page 33
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, March, 1223, pp" 1G6,166V
U+n connection with a disco)ery by /r" Vincent Richards that permanganate of
potash was a good antidote against cobra poison"V
*nd should /r" Richards be pre)ailed upon to disco)er as )aluable an antidote
to the far more )irulent poison of the slanderCtongued *ngloC+ndian missionary, the
$heosophists and the KheathenL would )ote him a statue@at the top of K!rowQs
U+n connection with )arious emotional outbursts on the part of the ,al)ation
*rmy in +ndia, and the unsa)ory reputation of some of its fanatical missionaries"V
$he correspondent laughs at thisE we do not, for we ha)e studied history and
belie)e in cycles and recurring e)ents" $o buy the right of caricaturing the =esuits,
society had to spend the li)es of fifty millions of human beings burnt ali)e, tortured
to death, and otherwise &illed during that period of !hristianity when the !hurch
reigned supreme"
Z U$he name of the 4oundersQ residence in (ombay"@!ompiler"V
Page 33

$he ancestors of K/on (asilio,L RosinaQs music teacher, ha)e a bloody record,
which oceans of witty Mo&es can hardly obliterate"Z !ruelty is the child of fanaticism,
and history is full of examples of the children of martyrs of one &ind or another
ha)ing become oppressors and tyrants" 9ay, the )ery martyrs of a maMority
themsel)es, ha)e often been &nown to turn around when the smart of their own
sufferings had been forgotten in the flush of subse1uent triumph, and to bully, wrong,
or torture a new generation of heterodox" 5f all cruel bigots, the ,panish !atholics
ha)e, perhaps, earned the most shameful reputation" $heir sa)agery towards the =ews
and heretics in ,pain, and the wild +ndians of their newCfound *mericas, ma&es a
dar& blot upon the history of the race"
UPertinent 1uote from MaMor =" %" Powell, ;","*", explorer of the !olorado
Ri)er, regarding ,panish cruelty"V
'ow much less ready to do so, are they of the K,al)ation *rmyPL %ere not the
strong hand of modern law efficient to repress these KredChot, bloodCandCfire
soldiers,L they would not only menacingly hiss but might also burn"
Z U$his is apparently a reference to K(asilL or K(asile,L and K/on (a.ile,L in (eaumarchais0
comedies, #e (arbier de ,S)ille and #e Mariage de 4igaro" +n the former, Rosina is a !ountess, and
in the latter she is a young girl, the ward of don (artolo" /on (a.ile taught her singing in both
plays" 'e is the personification of a calumniating, niggardly bigot, and a clerical humbug dealing
largely in calumny and slander"WW!ompiler"V
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, ,upplement, March, 1223, p" 3V
U!ommenting on a correspondentQs letter which called attention to a )iolent
attac& on !olonel 5lcott in the Parsi =ournal Rast :oftar, '" P" (la)ats&y wroteRV
%e feel deeply grateful to our correspondent for the expression of his good
feelings on behalf of our President" (ut, as we suspect that in the long run it is the
KdissatisfiedL editor of the Rast :oftar who will find himself the best >as the most
Mustly? abused of the two, we express beforehand our feeling of profound and
sympathetic pity for him"
Page 3D
5ur :reat Master ,I&ya Muni has be1ueathed and commanded us to lo)e and
commiserate all animals" *nd Plato, by classifying biped M*9 among the latter,
forces us to include in their number the wrathful editor of the Rast :oftarE hence, to
lo)e and commiserate him also" May his powers of speech ne)er diminish and good
sense de)elop accordinglyY
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, ,upplement, March 1223, pp"3CGV
* letter signed by a Mr" R" (arnes *ustin of 'eathfield, 6ngland, addressed to
the editor of $he $heosophist, has been lying for two months, on our writing table,
waiting for publication" %e do not fancy any apology would be necessary, had we
e)en thrown it under our table into the wastebas&et and without gi)ing it a second
thought, as its language is as far from that of a drawing room, as the smells of
'ungerford Mar&et are from those of ,t" =amesQ Palace" (ut the points ta&en by the
writer in defense of the new 7anoni K=" 8",L are too amusing not to be noticed" $hus,
after gra)ely assuring us, that@ K$he en1uiry into 5ccult Philosophy in 6ngland is
far more extensi)e, although secretly, than is generally &nownL@that gentleman
aggrie)es us profoundly by declaring pointCblan& that neither KMadame (la)ats&y
nor !olonel 5lcott, do what they willL@will e)er be admitted into such company"
K$heyL >we?@Kmust remain outsiders to all true occult societies, both in 6ngland and
in +ndia, as well as $ibetLYYY
$he news would be stunning indeed, were it made less impressi)e by the fancy
addition to it of the last sentence" %e underline it as it would seem that our irate
contributor &nows all about the land of (od <ul of which no one else in 6ngland
&nows one iota, beyond, perhaps, what he may ha)e found in the )ery meagre
accounts in Mr" Mar&hamQs $ibet"@>,ee supra, art" KReincarnations in $ibet"L?
Page 3G
,o now, our fondest hopes are dashed for e)er" Repelled by the ingrate ,piritualists@
for whom we ha)e e)er entertained the tenderest feelingsE denounced by %estern
5ccultists@for presuming to &now what they do notE scorned by the iconoclastic
scientists@who generally brea& today the axiomatic idols they were worshipping but
yesterdayE re)iled on general principles by the orthodox !hristians of all shades@
who yet are creeping with e)ery hour that drops into eternity, nearer and nearer to us
and the ,piritualistsE loathed by the theists@who will mirror themsel)es in e)ery
passing ri)ulet, and on seeing their own figure exclaim@KQtis X:odQPL and
straightway despise their godless (rethrenE laughed at by *theists@for our belie)ing
e)en in conditional immortality and in spirits of any shape or colourE stared at by the
*gnostics and@contemptuously ignored by the 6sthetics@what can the hapless
$heosophists doY %e had always belie)ed and prayed that in $ibet we may find, at
last, eternal Rest in the fatherly lap of our 8ooCsoongs, and merge into 9ipang
between a dish of salted tea and a /ugpa@>ten miles off? ripping open his own )ile
stomach " " " (ut loY the &nell of our doom rings out from@'eathfield, 6ngland, and
@there is no more hope" K$here are,L sternly goes on our merciless Mudge@Kas +
&now secret societies holding the study and practice of the 5ccult as the main obMect
of their existence, in direct communication with the highest li)ing adepts Uwith K="
8"LPV into whose portals Madame (la)ats&y and !olonel 5lcott would in )ain see&
an entrance"L
%e can assure our respected correspondent >for we still hope that he may be
both respectable and respected, albeit defending such a bad case? that neither the one
nor the other of the abo)eCnamed personages has the slightest desire whate)er to
&noc& at any such KportalLE least of all at one they are not in)ited to" (ut why should
he not be satisfied with becoming the mouthpiece of only such societies, in 6ngland,
and allow us to ta&e our chances with those of +ndia, and especially $ibetP
Page 36
%hy should he hunt us across the 'imalayasP %e suspect we will be able to
ta&e care of oursel)es among our 'indu and $ibetan (rothers" *nd pray, why such a
cruel edictP (ecause@as we are informed by Mr" (arnes *ustin@we are hated by
K,piritualists and 5ccultists ali&e"L 9ow that is indeed inexpressibly sadY %e are not
gi)en the plain and direct reasons why, as our correspondent is too much of a
gentleman to ma&e use of abusi)e and insulting epithetsE but we are allowed a
suspicion of the terrible truth"
K+t is well &nown,L he tells us, Kthere is no society of true 5ccultists which
would admit within its fold $'6,6 $%5 PR6$69/6R,"
$he two KpretendersL >to whatP? are, of course, !ol" 5lcott and Madame
(la)ats&y, who are yet expected to print all this in their Mournal conducted, according
to Mr" (arnes *ustinQs further &ind and wittily expressed opinion@on the principle of
K<an&ee Re)ol)er Mournalism"L Really our estimable correspondent must ha)e a
higher idea of our gentle and obliging &indness, than we can e)er entertain of his,
especially when he tries to add insult to inMury by notifying us that Kthe soCcalled
$heosophical ,ociety whose obscure existence is barely ac&nowledged among usL
>the 5ccultistsP? draws upon itself KcontemptL by such articles, as that in our
9o)ember number" $he article referred to is on K%estern *depts and 6astern
$heosophists,L in which no worse insult is offered to the great 5ccult + *M than that
he is therein called by his own nameE and that e)en was done by us@se defendendo"
(ut@Veritas odium parit" 5nce more, we recogni.e the wisdom of the old saying"
(ut we expect Mr" (arnes *ustin to recogni.e in his turn that he was not
mista&en in his notions of our forgi)ing disposition" 9ow, that he sees that we ha)e
pic&ed out the gems from his letter to us, and publish them, pro)ing to him thereby
that no amount of gratuitous impertinence can ma&e us forget our duty to one, who
seems to be on such intimate terms with our K$ibetan adeptsL@we hope he will
pro)e magnanimous, and abstain from ma&ing us lose our character entirely in their
Page 3H
*nd why should we not publish the aforesaid Kgems,L and e)en ha)e them followed
au besoin by those of the K*deptL himself@gems far more precious and more
refined" 5nly those who feel they ha)e merited the castigation will turn round,
snarling and attempting to bite li&e a cur on whose tail one has inad)ertently stepped"
5nly those who ha)e sores, fear the accidental touch" %e are not so troubled" (y this
time our innocent Ks&eletonsL@the few at least we may ha)e had, and which li&e
other people we preferred &eeping in our Kfamily closetsL@ha)e all been so
completely dragged out before the public ga.e@than&s to the slanders of worldC
famous mediums and the mee& !hristian missionary, the )indicti)e bigot and the
sensationChungry press@that cle)er would be that enemy who could frighten us by
any new threatY
(ut Mr" (arnes *ustin does not threaten, he but &indly warns" 'is strongest
point against us@at least the one placed foremost@is to be found, as we understand,
in his claim on behalf of the K*deptL to the intimate friendship of some occultists
whose Ksocial standingL is K1uite e1ual, if not superiorL to any to which >we two?
Kcan e)er lay claim"L %e fail to understand the possible relations that titles and
aristocracy can ha)e to great or small occult &nowledge" $he greatest worldC
renowned philosophers and sages were no 6arls or Princes, but often men who had
sprung from the lowest grades of society@or, as our correspondent himself puts it
@K=esus was a carpenter, *mmonius ,accas a porter of sac&s, (\hme a shoema&er,
and ,pino.a a spectaclesCgrinder"L $rue, (uddha was the son of a &ing, but he
became the %orldC,a)iour and the highest +nitiate only after ha)ing, for forty years,
begged his daily bread" 5ur opinion of K=" 8"L was ne)er founded upon the >to us?
immaterial fact whether he be the direct descendant of 8ing #ouis the ,aint, or of
,hyloc&, or e)en that of the impenitent robber crucified on the left hand of =esus" 'is
fury at being called@as he imagines@a K=ewL is entirely gratuitous, for we ne)er
ha)e called him one"
Page 32
%e said he was a KPhariseeL and that is 1uite a different thing" #et him learn@
the omniscient initiate@that the first, the best, the dearest as the most re)ered of the
friends of our youth, one with whom we corresponded to the day of his death, and
whose portrait we treasure as a relic, the learned Rabbi, in short, with whom we
studied the 8abala@was a =ew" #et him in1uire, and he will find that we ha)e a
number of =ews in our ,ociety, both in *merica, 6urope and hereE and that many of
our )alued and most intelligent friends are =ews" 'ence, we ha)e ne)er found fault
with, least of all reproached, him with being a =ew, but only a Pharisee, of which
class there are as many among the !hristians as among his own race" 9or do we
doubt, in the least, his being an K5ccultistL@as 1uestioning the bra)ery and
competency of a soldier, does not mean denial of the fact that he belongs to the army"
*nd, we are ready to admit that theoretically he may ha)e obtained a pretty fair >not
thorough? Kmastery of the occult system,L and is a )ery ad)anced 8abalist, in
possession of genuine and sterling learning in the =ewish 8abalistic and %estern
alchemical lore" *ll this we are prepared to admit, as it is clearly shown in much of
what is said in his K*deptship of =esus !hrist,L howe)er strongly it smac&s of what
others ha)e said before him" $hic&ly interlarded with paragraphs utterly irrele)ant to
the main 1uestionE the whole breathing a spirit of )indicti)e narrowCmindedness@a
&ind of 8abalistic odium theologicum@peppered throughout with )ulgar epithets to
the address of all those who cross his path, and loo&ing li&e patches of mud upon a
white garment, yet, the essay is not de)oid of a certain merit" (ut it is this strange
mixture of lofty ideas with a most uncharitable and ungentlemanly abuse of language
whene)er attac&ing those he hates@especially the $heosophists, that gi)es us the
right to deny him pointCblan& the title of an adept, and to maintain that a man of that
sort cannot ha)e been initiated into the true mysteries" * real adept will either conceal
fore)er his adeptship from the worldQs ga.e, or, if forced to li)e among the common
herd, will pro)e far abo)e it, by his moral grandeur, the loftiness of his culti)ated
mind, his di)ine charity and his allCforgi)eness of inMury"
Page 39
'e will correct the faults of those who stri)e@as he himself has once stri)en@
after initiation, with polite &indness, not by using (illingsgate language" * true adept
is abo)e any petty feeling of personal resentment@least of all of ridiculous )anity"
'e cares not whether he is physically handsome or plain, but e)er shows the moral
beauty of his spotless nature in e)ery act of life" 4inally we say, it is not enough to be
a learned 8abalist, a successful, a great alchemist or e)en a commentator
upon 5ccult ,cience@what one would call a KtheoreticalL occultist@to deser)e the
name of an *dept in the real sense of that word"Z $hough we ha)e ne)er claimed
oursel)es *deptship or a K)ery high degree of +nitiation,L yet we claim to &now
something of real *depts and +nitiates, and are pretty certain of what they loo& li&e@
the whole host of 6nglish 5ccultists notwithstanding" *nd we maintain that, at the
present moment, and e)er since the spring of 1221, there is no more in the
membership of the $heosophical ,ocieties, than among the whole concla)e of Ksecret
societiesL of 6nglish and other 5ccultists@Mr" (arnes *ustin spea&s about@one
single *dept, let alone Kan ad)anced +nitiate into the highest degrees"L $he true
mysteries of the genuine *ryan and !haldean lore, are receding with e)ery day more
from the %estern candidates" $here are yet in 6urope and *merica some ad)anced
students, some neophytes of the third and perchance of the second ,ection, and a few
KnaturalCborn seers"L
Z $he title of adept, messenger and Messiah has become a cheap commodity in our days@at least in
#ondon@we see" *nd, the claims e)en of a K="8"L become less extraordinary, when one finds in
respectable ,piritual newspapers such letters as signed by Mr" !harles %" 'illyear" +n this letter no
less than twel)e messengers, angels or Messiahs, are mentioned by the writer@the twelfth of whom
is the late Mr" 8enealy, the author of 6noch and the *pocalypseY 'e is spo&en of as Kdi)ine
Messenger,L and the sentence@Ksuch Masters as 4o >(uddha?, =esus, and /r" 8enealyL >who
defended the $ichborne case? @is applied directly to that wellC&nown, modern gentlemanYY *fter
this we better close fore)er our columns to the term@K*dept"L
Page DB
(ut li&e a gallant ship sin&ing under the weight of barnacles attached to it, e)en
they lose ground daily, owing to the indiscretions of hundreds of selfCdeluded
parasites, who would ha)e people belie)e each of them brings to humanity a new
Re)elation from hea)enY +t is the adherents of the KadeptsL of this latter class, who
belie)e in and unwisely defend them, but who, deluding themsel)es, but delude
others, who thus create all the mischief" *nd these, we say, are but an impediment to
the progress of $'6 ,cience" $hey only pre)ent the few true adepts, that remain, to
come out and publicly assert the sur)i)al of the ancient &nowledge and@their own
%e will try to pro)e what we say some day" Meanwhile, ha)ing on hand an
article@ K$he X*deptQ Re)ealedL@composed of choice paragraphs selected from a
paper by =" 8", headed K;nder which X*deptQ $heosophistPL and sent to us by the
abo)eCnamed K+nitiateL for publication, we proposed >had the !ouncil of the
$heosophical ,ociety under whose auspices this =ournal is issued, permitted it? to
publish the immortal production in the ,upplement of our next issue@there being no
room in this one" 'a)ing de)oted our labour and time to fathoming all &ind of occult
and psychological problems, we intended to present our readers with a s&etch >drawn
by his own hand? of a modern K*deptLE to point out to the uninitiated, the
combination of 1ualities that seem to be re1uired in our age, to ma&e up the Khighest
adeptL in 6uropeE and, to ac1uaint the 'indu reader, whose unsophisticated
experience has hitherto permitted him to get ac1uainted but with the characteristics of
his own un&empt and unwashed KMelaC<ogin,L also with those of a 6uropean
+lluminated who hungers to be regarded as a K7anoni,L lin&ed with K!hrist and
,pino.a"L $he extracts would ha)e shown better than any criticism, to what a degree
of forbearance, soulCgrandeur and purity of heart, a modern KadeptL can reach"
9e)ertheless, from the first of the K*nswers to !orrespondentsL which follow, it will
be shown that if Mr" (arnes *ustinQs KclientL whose KsoulL is so large that he Kcarries
the 'imalayas always about himL@has e)er followed in the footsteps of any KadeptL
at all, it must be in those of the alchemist 6ugenius Philalethes >$homas Vaughan?"
Page D1
#et him who doubts our statement turn to his Magia *damica and read his low
abuse of his contemporary, /r" 'enry More, the Platonic philosopher, than whom no
6nglishman e)er left a nobler name" 9ot only we did not hesitate to publish the
personal )ilifications to our address by K=" 8",L if the !ouncil of the ,ociety had
permitted it, but we felt proud to thin& that we shared the fate of 'enry More, one of
the saintliest characters of his period"
5wing to all the abo)e considerations, we most emphatically deny the sacred
title of KadeptL to one who, while unblushingly declaring himself an K+nitiate,L
ha)ing reached the K!hristCstate,L acts at the same time li&e a )ulgar bully" *s our
maga.ine is not intended for the constant parading of our genealogical trees and the
list of our family connections, we will, with Mr" (arnes *ustinQs permission, refrain
from again discussing either social standing, or high or low birth in connection with
adeptship or K=" 8"L 5ur answer to all the exceptions ta&en to what we said of him
and others in our 9o)ember article is found by whomsoe)er is interested in the
1uarrel, in our K*nswers to !orrespondents"L $here being no room for )entilating
discussions about the worth of our ,ociety, its members and its founders@which
ne)er interest anyone but the parties concerned@we generally settle all such affairs
in these extra pages which we added at our own expense for the accommodation of
the )arious business of our ,ociety" 'ence, our correspondentQs fling that, as K=" 8"L
does not intrude his pri)ate affairs upon us >the 6nglish 5ccultists? why does the
editor of $he $heosophist presume to drag them out@is as gratuitous as it is )ague"
$he abo)eCnamed editor would ne)er ha)e presumed to gi)e one momentQs thought
to other peopleQs Kpri)ate affairsL had she not to defend herself and her ,ociety from
wee&ly attac&s and public insults offered themE attac&s and insults as unpro)o&ed as
they were brutal, and which lasted for about se)en months in both the #ondon
,piritualist and the Medium and /aybrea&" *nd if we occupied se)eral columns, to
our regret, in the unco)ering of the enemy so securely hiding himself, as he thought,
behind his =" and his 8", it was only to show him in his true character and point out
the e)ident moti)es for the slurs upon people, many of whom are far higher,
intellectually as well as morally, than he e)er will be himself"
Page D3
*s to the space for that exposure, it found room in our own ,upplement@not in
the columns which belong to our subscribers"
$o concludeR +f, as we suppose@notwithstanding the )ery rude tone of his letter,
our stern Mudge who demeans us but to raise K=" 8"L the higher@is a gentleman, then
we can assure him, his esteem for that indi)idual will be put sorely to the test when
he reads the reasons why his paper was reMected by the !ouncil" #et him but read
those few sentences copied )erbatim from a paper the writer had re1uested us to
publish in full >as though we had no more regard for our members and readers than to
print more than we can help of such indecenciesY?" *nd if, after reading it, Mr" (arnes
*ustin still Mustifies K=" 8"L then we would ha)e to reconsider our long held theory
that an 6nglish gentleman is at heart chi)alrous to a fault"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 6, ,upplement, March, 1223, pp" 6C2V
K="8"L @ <our letter headed K;nder which XadeptQ $heosophistPL will not be
published, for the following reasonsR
>1? Personal abuse to the address of the editor, howe)er amusing to the latter,
does not interest the general reader"
>3? 5ur Mournal is not concerned with, and carefully a)oids e)erything of a
political character" $herefore, such )ilifications as contained in the said article,
namely, a low and )ulgar abuse of Russia, its Kbarbarian mouMi&L and the Kworthy
countrywoman of +gnatieffLE and especially the mention of the Kred coc&L crowing
o)er Kthe =ewQs houseL@cannot find room in its columns"
Z U+n #etter F#V++, p" 3H3, of $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, Master M" specifically states
that these K*nswersL were written by himself" $hey are reprinted here for the sa&e of completeness"
Page D3
(ut such matter would be recei)ed, most li&ely, with cheerful welcome in those
of a thirdCclass =ewish, Russophobic organ in :ermany"
>3? 4or that same reason we must decline to allow the author of K$he *deptship
of =esus !hrist,L to soothe his ruffled feelings by expatiating upon Kthe political
obMectL of the $heosophical ,ocietyE Kwhich is to place the 6nglish under the
'indoos, and to bring the 'indoos under the Russian ruleL >YYY?, as the absurd
accusation comes two years too late and would not interest e)en our *ngloC+ndian
>D? * lady medium respected and belo)ed by all who &now her, is called in it our
Kspy,L and Kgeneral informantL which is a gratuitous calumny and a glaring untruth"
>G? (ritish and *merican laws ha)ing pro)ided against the )iolation of the
postal enactments intended to secure the purity of the mails, the =ournal would ris& to
pay the penalty for sending indecent matter by boo& post" $he coarse paragraph in the
said article, which relates to the proposed )isit of the Khandsome widowQs sonL to the
+ndian Ktheosophical do)ecotL and the supposed Kflutter in it,L among the fair and
dar& sisters Kwhom the writer proposes to initiateL into the higher mysteries, etc", etc",
comes directly under that law"
>6? $he $heosophist de)oted to 5riental Philosophy *rt, #iterature, 5ccultism,
Mesmerism, ,piritualism and other sciences, has not pledged itself to reproduce
burles1ue parodies, or circusCclown poetry" $herefore, such grotes1ue bits of prose
and poetry asR
K,tay your all answering horse laugh, ye nati)es and *ngloC+ndians, remember
he laughs best who laughs last YL UorV
K$hen tremble, pretenders, in the midst of your glee,
4or you ha)e not seen the last of =" %" nor me"LZ
@are not fit to appear in a serious article"
>H? $he $heosophist publishes only articles written and sent by gentlemen"
Z =" %" is Mr" %allace, whom we ha)e the honour to answer further on"
Page DD
@9o names@but one ha)ing been mentioned in the article K%estern X*deptsQ
and 6astern $heosophistsLE and positi)ely not one word of an insulting character
directly relating to the KhierophantL or the K#ady MagnetistL ha)ing found room in it,
or the writerQs thought@unless, indeed, to 1uestion the fitness of blending the study
of di)ine mysteries, with a whis&eyCdistilling apparatus, and ad)ertisements of a
commercial character, becomes synonymous with defaming characters@we do not
&now that we ought to apologi.e to Mr" %allace at all" #east of all to the extent of
inflicting upon our subscribers and members nearly 3BBB words or four columns of
prose of an unexceptionably unrefined character, peppered, in addition to it, with
glaring misconceptions and most ridiculously incorrect statements" $hat sentence
alone in his letter which openly taxes us with beingR
:lad indeed to exchange the commercial standing of your >our? =ournal which
does not e)en inculcate teetotalism for that of my still
@would be sufficient to call forth protests and indignant answers from a
number of our members" 5ur correspondent, though a KhierophantL himself@one
who de)elops seership and initiates others into the mysteries of spiritual clair)oyance
@has failed, we see, to disco)er that the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety are
strict and uncompromising teetotalersE and that, with the exception of a few
6nglishmen, all of its members are pledged to total abstinence from anything li&e
wine or e)en beer, let alone li1uorE and that they are most of them, strict )egetarians"
%e regret to find him committing such a serious blunder"
Page DG
*nother Must as amusing a mista&e, considering it comes to us from that part of
#ondon which professes itself, and pretends to be regarded as the )ery hot bed of
clair)oyance, mysticism, intuitional perception and K,oulL and K!hristC,tatesL@
whate)er the latter may mean@and which, ne)ertheless, shows clearly its professors
failing to comprehend correctly the meaning of e)en that which any profane mortal
would see, is disco)ered in the following passage of our correspondentQs letterR
" " " K=" 8"L whom you charge in the ,piritualist@under the idea that he belonged
to your own secret 4raternity UPYV@with being a traitor to his $heosophical 5ath in
writing so openly that which you till then considered was sacred and &nown only to
the $heosophic sworn members UY Y YV, was not accused then of &nowing little on
occult matters, but rather as &nowing too much" $here was e)idence then of
K'omeric laughterLE but now he is credited by you as &nowing the *" (" !" of the
subMect, etc" etc"
$ruly@rem acu tetigistiY 6)ery word in the abo)e is a misconcei)ed and
disfigured notion" %e ne)er, for one moment@since the appearance of K=" 8"QsL first
article, K*n *dept on the 5ccult (rothers,L in the ,piritualist >=une 3D?, and directed
against our ,ociety@mistoo& him for a member of our Ksecret 4raternityLE nor could
we so mista&e him, as the same mail that brought that article brought us letters from
se)eral $heosophists informing us what and who he was@that )ery Kpretentious
writer"L #et any man with a sufficiently clear head, on a forenoon, turning to our only
letter in the ,piritualist in 1221 >namely, that of *ugust 13?, read the lines, which
ha)e now led Mr" %allace into such a funny blunder, and then Mudge whether there is
one word in it which could lead to such a supposition" 9ot only has K=" 8"L e)er
failed to show to us any sign of K&nowing too muchL on 5ccult matters >with which
we are concerned? but he has constantly pro)ed to the whole of our ,ociety that he
&new nothing whate)er of either its obMects and aims, its organi.ation or its studies"
*nd it is precisely such an assurance on our part, that made us reply in answer to his
ignorant assertion that Kthe )ery first psychical and physical principles of true
$heosophy and 5ccult science are 1uite un&nown to and unpracticed by its
members,L the followingR
Page D6
K'ow does he &nowP /id the $heosophists ta&e him into their confidenceP *nd
if he &nows something of the (ritish $heosophical ,ociety >does this imply that he
belongs to their ,ocietyP? what can he &now of those in +ndiaP +f he belongs to any of
them, then does he play false to the whole body and is a traitorP *nd if he does not,
what has he to say of its practitioners, since they >the (ranch ,ocieties? are secret
*nd it would be sufficient, we should say, to glance at the reasons gi)en by us
further on, in the same article, for our reMecting him absolutely as an initiated Kadept,L
to pre)ent anyone, let alone a K'ierophant,L from being led into such an absurd
mista&e" *s to there being Kno e)idence then of 'omeric laughterL at =" 8"Qs letters,
Mr" %allace errs )ery sorely again" 4rom the first to the last, those articles pro)o&ed
the greatest merriment among the *ngloC+ndians" 9o one could read them@
especially the one entitled K+nformation for $heosophists, from an adeptL in which he
so na`)ely boasts of his Khigh calibreL as a KliteraryL man and mixes up in such an
absurdly ridiculous way the *rya ,amaM and the $heosophical ,ociety >another proof
of his clair)oyant powers?@without being sei.ed with a fit of inextinguishable
laughter" ,o much so, indeed, that during Kthe X=" 8"Q period in the ,piritualist,L >as
somebody called it? a gentleman of ,imla, of high official standing, and of as high
and uni)ersally recogni.ed ability, offered to bet that those letters of K=" 8"QsL would
turn out some day a mere Khoax,L a purposely putCup humoristic Mo&e, to find out
whether any $heosophist would be fool enough to accept them seriouslyE for, he
added, Kit is absolutely incredible that any man in his right senses should so boast, or
write about himself such absurdly panegyrical and bombastic eulogies"L
$he third mista&e@and a )ery serious one@in Mr" %allaceQs letter, is what he
pleases to )iew as Kan unfounded and unwarranted insinuation"L
Z U,ee p" 36G in Volume +++ of the present series"@!ompiler"V
Page DH
$he KinsinuationL is alleged to be contained in the following sentence in our
article K%estern X*deptsQ and 6astern $heosophistsL >9o)ember $heosophist? @ K*
gifted lady magnetistQs wor& @ the legitimate wife, we are told, of his >=" 8"Qs?
'ierophantC+nitiator, though we ne)er heard yet of a practising 'ierophantCMagician
who was married, etc"L $his is all that we ha)e Kdared to pen"L %ere we wrongly
informed, or is it a crime to mention legitimate wi)esP %ho, but a man capable of
disco)ering filth where there is positi)ely none, would e)er imagine that anything but
that which was clearly stated, was meantP $o hint at any other implication or the least
intention on our part to throw doubt on the legality of the said marriage, is to utter an
outrageous lie" %e doubted, and now doubt, and will doubt fore)er, and not only
doubt, but positi)ely deny, that one married and the father of a family, can e)er be a
practical adept, least of all a K'ierophant,L all the 4lammels and (\hmes and !o",
notwithstanding" Mr" %allace belie)es in, practices to a certain point, and teaches
%estern occultism" %e belie)e in, practice also to a certain point, and learn, ne)er
ha)ing pretended to KteachL 6astern 5ccultism" 5ur paths di)erge widely and we
need not be elbowing each other on our way to the *(,5#;$6" #et %estern *depts
and 'ierophants lea)e us strictly alone, and not pretend to spea& of, and insult what
they do not &now, and we will ne)er pronounce their names whether orally or in
$herefore, we refuse room to Mr" %allaceQs letter li&ewise" *lthough far more
decent than that of his pupil, it is yet sufficiently rude to authori.e us to refuse it
space" $he said gentleman is at liberty to publish his denunciations in a pamphlet
form or otherwise and gi)e them as wide a circulation as he thin&s properE or, better
still, he might incorporate it within the forthcoming grand wor& by the modern
K*deptL to be called * 'istory of Mystic Philosophy, a boo&@as he modestly tells us
@which is sure Kto stand the criticism of ages"L *s the author thereof is sure to use in
it the same refined phraseology as we find in his language whene)er directed against
K,piritual ,nobbery,L and the Ktal&ing $heosophists,L Mr" %allaceQs article will find
itself in good company" $he more so, as we are threateningly promised in it by K=" 8"L
a chapter Kspecially pro)idedL for our KnonCtotal obli)ion,L and that of our
Kunwashed +sis in rags"L
Page D2
%e part with Mr" %allace, without the slightest illCfeeling on our part as he has
e)idently misconcei)ed the situation from first to last" %e only regret to find a
gentleman apparently so full of sterling learning and &nowledge so e)idently destitute
of good education and manners, as to ha)e actually written the letter under re)iew"
$o M+,, !'*9/5, #6+:' ';9$ >Mrs" %allace?L"@%e beg to con)ey our
respectful regards to this lady and to ac&nowledge receipt of a )oluminous paper
from her pen, purporting to be a reply to Kthose sentences, which refer to her,
contained in the article entitled X%estern K*deptsL and 6astern $heosophistsQ"L %e
ha)e read the reply with pleasure and found it as dignified, ladyli&e, goodCnatured
and witty, as the three abo)e noticed, are undignified, and )indicti)e, and in one case
@indecent and silly" $herefore, and notwithstanding the rather misconcei)ed attitude
adopted by Mrs" %allace, considering we ha)e not named her in our article, and
referred but to what was@in our mind and to the maMority of our readers@a pure
abstraction@we are ready, now that we do &now her, to offer her our sincere apology
and to express regret at ha)ing included in it Kthose sentences which refer to herL
since they seem to ha)e gi)en her offense though none at all was meant to be offered
by the writer, to either Miss !handos #eigh 'unt, or Mrs" %allace" %e regret the
more to find her unac1uainted with the Mahayana philosophy" 4or, were she but as
familiar with it as she seems to be with 6pictetus@Kafter whom she has named her
boyL@and had she made of the former as well as of the latter her Ktextboo&,L owing
to the lucid exposition in that philosophy, of the close connection which exists
between e)ery cause and effect, she might apprehend our meaning at once"
Page D9
*s such is not the case though@>unless indeed the omniscient K="8"L rushes
into explaining and teaching the public this philosophy as well as he does esoteric
(uddhism?@we will add a few words more Must to explain to Mrs" %allace why we
do not gi)e room to her reply"
Maintaining still, as we do, our undeniable right to ha)e published our
9o)ember article as an elucidation of the unpro)o&ed and incessant attac&s of her
husbandQs pupil upon us@though the said article may ha)e contained unnecessary
personalities pro)o&ed by indignation@we would yet be glad, in atonement for the
latter, to publish her paper in extenso" +t was already in the hands of the printer, when
in addition to her husbandQs and his K6P5P$Q,L letters we recei)ed four more papers
as lengthy and as explicit as her own" +t would appear as if the tornado of indignation
raised by our article was happily limited to@with one solitary exception, namely, Mr"
(arnes *ustin@and raged entirely within the family circle of the persons alluded to
in our article" *s if in answer to the threats and denunciations contained in Mr"
%allaceQs and his pupilQs letters, both of whom expatiate in them upon the K)arious
scandalous storiesL@slanders and malicious in)entions set afloat about us by
numerous &nown and un&nown enemies >whose utterances our correspondents show
themsel)es but too ready to accept as gospel truths?, we ha)e before us no less than
four lengthy papers from #ondon appro)ing our article, and full of 1uite the re)erse
of what one might be inclined to )iew as complimentary to either the K'ierophant,L
or the K*dept"L *pparently there is a latet anguis in herba for e)ery hapless occultist,
not for the $heosophists alone" * far less charitable )iew is ta&en of, and worse
slanders repeated in them about the abo)eCnamed persons than were e)er in)ented for
the personal and special annihilation of our humble self" 'ence, in Mustice to
oursel)es, were we to publish Mr" and Mrs" %allaceQs articles, we would ha)e to
publish side by side those of their detractorsE and this is what we would ne)er do"
%hate)er the indecent means other people may resort to, we at least, will ne)er use
such base weapons@not e)en against our enemies"
Page GB
%e may become guilty@we are not perfect@of a desire to wound them in their
)anity, ne)er in their honourE and, while freely using ridicule as our weapon to
silence them, whene)er they see& to destroy us with their insults and denunciations,
we would blush to repeat e)en to a friend@let alone to threaten to publish them in a
boo& or a Mournal@that which, so long as it is not positi)ely pro)ed to be the truth
and nothing but the truth, we regard as a shameful and scandalous gossip, the
)enomous spittle of the Ksna&e hidden in the grass " " "L
$hus reiterating our expressions of regret personally to Miss !handos #eigh
'unt >Mrs" %allace? of whom we ha)e ne)er heard the slightest e)il report from any
trustworthy 1uarters, but the re)erse from our two friends, we close the subMect
altogether" %e mean no more to allow our columns to be disgraced with such
polemics" 5ur esteemed contemporary, the Psychological Re)iew, recently protested
against our prolonging the Kcastigation,L as Kthere is more serious wor& to be done"L
%e concurE and were but the insignificant indi)iduals K=" 8"L and Madame (la)ats&y
alone concerned, it would be an impertinence to &eep them at the front" (ut as the
defense of our ,ociety, which represents@howe)er imperfectly@+ndia, or rather the
5rient, was and is a Kserious wor&LE and as silence is often mista&en for wea&ness@
we had to find room for the abo)e K*nswers to our !orrespondents"L $hey need
trouble themsel)es no moreR we ha)e settled our accounts"
Page G1
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 16HC162V
+n #ight >of 4ebruary 11? K!" !" M",L in the article K!ommunicating ,pirits,L
says the followingR
+t will thus be seen >1? that only the first, or earthCbound class, and the third@
Uthe third according to (\hme"@6d"V@the perfected spirits, ha)e power )oluntarily
to communicate with us and to interfere in human affairs, and this by reason of the
body >though of )ery different sort? which ser)es as the medium of communicationE
and >3? that the KearthCboundL condition supposes the continuance of the KastralL
body" $his, according to occultist teaching, is in process of disintegration@the
communication becoming more and more incoherent as that process ad)ances"
*ccording to the recent teaching in $he $heosophist, the #ingaC,arira is dissol)ed
with the external body at the death of the latter" $his is 1uite opposed to what we are
told by bliphas #S)i and many other authorities, and does not appear probable"
K!" !" M"L errs )ery seriouslyR >a? in accepting (\hme as an authorityE >b? in
ta&ing no exception to his crude classification of souls@which ma&es him place the
Kperfected spiritL in the Kthird classLE >c? in rendering the term Khea)enly
6ssentialityL by Kdi)ine embodimentLE >d? by terming the doctrine about the #ingaC
,arira in $he $heosophist Ka recent teachingL and showing it K1uite opposed to what
we are told by bliphas #S)i and many other authorities,L whereas, most of those
KauthoritiesL sin only in adopting a terminology, which, while sufficient for their
generalisations, is utterly deficient as soon as they touch upon detailsE hence, sorely
pu..ling to the uninitiated reader"
%ith the permission of our friend K!" !" M",L we will try to demonstrate
wherein lie hidden his se)eral mista&es"
Page G3
%e will not stop to pro)e (\hme the re)erse of an authorityR this is a 1uestion of
personal opinion entirely depending upon the degree of faith that may be reposed in
him by his admirers" (ut by noticing the >b? and >c? errors we will show in a few
words how utterly unmetaphysical, hence illogical, from the occultistQs standpoint, is
(\hmeQs classification and definition of the Kperfected spirit"L 'ad the :\rlit. seer
said KsoulL instead, there would be more probability of ma&ing his )arious teachings
agree than there seems to be now" $he term KspiritL coupled with the idea of
KembodimentL becomes as incorrect, and as great a fallacy as to represent the nonC
conditioned, or the +nfinite K*##L >the one Reality? by a limited and conditioned
portion of a finite obMect, one of the e)anescent mirages e)er flic&ering and
disappearing in our phenomenal world" $he KperfectedL or rather KPerfect ,piritL@
since the *bsolute, or limitless ;9+$< and perfection can neither be di)ided, nor can
it be in)ested with attributes and degrees in)ol)ing gradual perfectibility@can
become the ;nity or ,pirit but after ha)ing lost e)ery form and shape@>hence body?,
which would necessarily ma&e of it a /;*#+$<" +t can ha)e no relation to, or
concern with, any obMect of consciousness in our illusionary world, as this alone
would in)ol)e dualism, which must exist where)er there is any relation at all" 'ence
@if under the name of KPerfected ,piritL@*(,5#;$6 consciousness is meant,
then the latter, incapable of either internal or external cognition, must necessarily be
)iewed as incapable also of a )oluntary communication with us mortals" *nd, since
we underta&e to di)ide KsoulsL or Kspiritual entitiesL into classes and degrees, how
can we presume, whate)er be our authority, to limit those so flippantly but to three
classesP ,urely, the careful study of the doctrine of the se)en principles of li)ing
mortal man, as taught by the *rahat esotericism, each of which principles is
subdi)ided in its turn into se)en more, would ser)e at least one useful purpose,
namely, to bring something li&e order into this infinite chaos and confusion of terms
and things"
Page G3
*s a proof of this, we now find our esteemed friend K!" !" M"L confusing the
,ans&rit term K#ingaC,ariraL with the Maya)i or 8amaCRupa@the Kastral soul,L and
calling the doctrine of its dissolution with the body@a Krecent teaching"L +f he but
turns to the bac& )olumes of $he $heosophist he will find in the 9o)ember issue of
12H9 >*rt" K<oga VidyaL? a correct definition of the term in that sentence which says
>p" DD, col" 3? that the #ingaC,arira K" " " is the subtile, ethereal element of the ego of
an organism Uwhether human or animal or )egetableVE inseparably united to " " " the
latterE it ne)er lea)es it but at death"L *nd if so, how could the Kastral bodyL of man,
if we call it #ingaC,arira, lea)e him during his lifetime and appear as his double, as
we &now, is repeatedly the case with mediums and other peculiarly endowed personsP
$he answer is simpleR that which appears, or the Kdouble,L is called Maya)iCRupa
>illusionary form? when acting blindlyE and@8amaCRupa, KwillL or KdesireCformL
when compelled into an obMecti)e shape by the conscious will and desire of its
possessor" $he =i)atma >)ital principle? and #ingaC,arira >,exCbody?Z are inner
principlesE while the Maya)iCRupa is the outside KsoulL so to sayR one which
en)elops the physical body, as in a filmy ethereal casing" +t is a perfect counterpart of
the man and e)en of the clothing which he happens to wear"] *nd this principle is
liable to become condensed into opacity, compelled to it, either by the law of
intermagnetic action, or by the potentiality of <ogaCballu or KadeptCpower"L
$hus, the K#ingaC,ariraL is Kdissol)ed with the external body at the death of the
latter"L +t dissol)es slowly and gradually, its adhesion to the body becoming wea&er,
as the particles disintegrate" /uring the process of decay, it may, on sultry nights, be
sometimes seen o)er the gra)e" 5wing to the dry and electric atmosphere it manifests
itself and stands as a bluish flame, often as a luminous pillar, of Kodyle,L bearing a
more or less )ague resemblance to the outward form of the body laid under the sod"
Z +n this esoteric sense linga means neither KphallusL as translated by some, nor K&nowledge,L as
done by othersE but rather KmaleL or Ksex"L (Idarayana, calls it in his /ar[ana >system of
philosophy? &ritsita carira,@the Kcontemptible body,L as it is but the turbaCstirring principle within
man resulting in animal emanations"
] ,ee in this connection $he ,oul of $hings by Prof" /enton"
Page GD
Popular superstition, ignorant of the nature of these postCmortem gaseous
emanations, mista&es them for the presence of the KsufferingL soul, the personal spirit
of the deceased, ho)ering o)er his bodyQs tomb" <et, when the wor& of destruction
has been completed, and nature has bro&en entirely the cohesion of corporeal
particles, the #ingaC,arira is dispersed with the body of which it was but an
+t is high time then, that we should thin& of ma&ing a KmetaphysicoCspiritual
)ocabulary"L +f we adopt 6astern beliefs and accept their system of thought under
whate)er name@we must ta&e care that they be not disfigured through our
carelessness and misunderstanding of the real meaning of the terms" $he sooner we
do it, the better for the ,piritualists and oursel)esE lest, as we see, it should lead our
best friends@those who tra)el along a parallel, if not 1uite identical, path with us,
and are pursuing the same and one &nowledge@to a se)ere conflict of shadows" *
battle, based upon a misconception of words ele)ated to the dignity of dogmas and an
ignorance of synonyms for what is but one and the same thing, would be something
to be extremely regretted" $he more so as many of our enemies show themsel)es but
too eager to con)ert such simple misconceptions of terms into irreconcilable heresies
as to facts and axioms"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, p" 1HDV
" " " *n 6nglish gentleman, a 4ellow of the (ritish $heosophical ,ociety, writing
to a 'indu (rother $heosophist of (ombay, says the followingR
K*s to the absolutely shoc&ing state at which ,piritualism has arri)ed in
#ondon, you can scarcely form a conceptionR it has degenerated, in many cases, into
the grossest and most immoral forms of the (#*!8 M*:+!@this is a fact" Physical
mediums, materiali.ed spirits, and circles, are often descending to the )ery lowest
depths of " " " moral depra)ity >we substitute a less offensi)e term?"
Page GG
,uch a disgusting state of matters, that + e)en forbear from writing" " " " (ut you
will be able to Mudge when they >mediums, ,pirits, and ,piritualists? familiarly tal& of
their materiali.ed X,pirit wi)es,Q and Xhusbands"Q " " " + can assure you this is no
misstatement of the case"L
$his is no news, though a sad confirmation of a state of things we ha)e found
growing among the *merican ,piritualists some years ago" 5f course, it is needless to
say that highly educated and refined ,piritualists will e)er a)oid such sSanceCrooms
and circles" <et we are afraid these are the small minority, while the maMority will do
e)erything in their power to attract the %estern Pi[achas" ,urely no KspiritualL
minded ,piritualist will e)er ta&e us to tas& for saying that neither the generic K=ohn
8ing,L who descends from Kthe spheres of lightL to drin& tea with brandy and eat
toast in the mediumQs cabinet, nor yet the disembodied clown KPeter,L crac&ing his
)ulgar and hea)y Mo&es, can be )iewed as Kangels"L $hat both are male Pi[achas, we
ha)e the assurance from an *merican lady mediumQs own lips"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, M" 1HDC1HGV
5ur Masonic readers, of whom )ery respectable numbers are scattered
throughout +ndia, ought to be on the loo&out for recent publications against their
4raternity" %e find 1uite an interesting little libel upon their organi.ation 1uietly
running through the columns of the Roman !atholic $ablet in its 9o)ember issue of
1221" $he two 9estors of Patriotism, :iuseppe Ma..ini and :aribaldi come in for a
)ery fair share of )enomous abuse in the said 6popSe headed@ KRome as a !apital
of +talyLE but fortunately they ha)e to largely share their honours in the ecclesiastical
)ilification with the KRoyal ,ardinian usurpers"L
* few extracts from the short slanderCpeppered chapters, published in the
columns of the $ablet and offered to us as an historical record, may pro)e of interest
to some of our 'indu readers"
Page G6
$hey are well calculated to enhance the importance of that respectable and
1uiet, yet withal mysteriousCloo&ing building to be met with in almost e)ery town of
+ndia, the obMect of a superstitious awe to the unsophisticated coolie, who designates
it as a K=adu&hanaL >sorceryChouse?, while the guideboo& introduces it to the tra)eller
as a Masonic #odge" 'ow little does the wellCmeaning nati)e, who, dying for the
honour of admission into the craft, is ready to be laying out any amount of money
yearly and monthly, if he can but get himself recogni.ed as one more Masonic cipher
in the numberless !hapters, ,enates and !ouncils@suspect the true amount of
ini1uity fathered upon his :rand Masters and 4ellowCapprenticesY %ell may, indeed,
the uninitiated (abu, who so readily swallows the tales spread about the K(ara
,ahibsL of Masonry, feel an extra thrill of horror creeping down his bac&, while
reading the accusations fulminated against the K+llustriousL (rethren by their
irreconcilable enemy@the !hurch of Rome" $he widespread legend about the
s&eleton, stealthily 1uitting during Masonic meetings his hiding place@a secret tomb
under the tessellated floor of the =adu&hana@and creeping from under the ban1uet
table to appear in his ominously cluttering bones, and drin& the health of the :rand
Master@will recei)e an additional colour of )erisimilitude, when it compares notes
with these additional accusations" +ndeed, the charges brought out in the $ablet
against the K4reemasonCpoetL and Khis hymn to ,*$*9,L published, as alleged in the
K(olletino of the :rand 5rient of +taly,L is worthy of perusal" +n this preCeminently
interesting exposS we are told, to begin with, that the unity of +taly Kfor which
torrents of blood were shed, was but a pretext to destroy the Papacy, and especially
!hristian@!atholic Rome"L $his design originated with the K*ntiC!hristian ,ects,L
>P? who thus promoted Kthe ambition of one particular ,tate"L
+t was a necessity for the sects to stri)e to eradicate certain principles out of
+taly, and especially the Papacy" $hey needed Rome as a capital to destroy !atholic
Rome" $he ,tate needed accomplices in order to carry out her old ambition of eating
up the +talian articho&e leaf by leaf"
Page GH
*nd so it happened, one fair day, that the sects offered a hand to the ,tate to
help her to eat up the articho&e" *nd the ,tate ate it up, promising in return to lead the
sects to Rome"
$he abo)e is but an entrSe en matidre, indispensable to throw sufficient light
upon other and far dar&er passages that will follow" 9o need of reminding the reader
that our attention was not turned to them on account of their political fla)our" %e are
thin&ing more of the priest than of the politician" 4or@adds the writerR@
$his is no parable" +t is a true story, and not only true but undeniably pro)ed by
/uring the first centuries of !hristianity, a law was enacted@and we do not
&now it was e)er abrogated@under which a priest who di)ulges the secrets of the
confessional, e)en in a case of the greatest crime@is sentenced to ha)e his tongue cut
out" ,ince then, the apostles seem to ha)e grown in wisdomE !hristian religion has
become the handmaid and the secret agent of worldly ambition, its mysteries being
made subser)ient to political espionage" ,uch a public confession in print is really
)aluable, inasmuch as it contains a useful warning to those of our members who,
ha)ing remained good !hristians, though only nominal Roman !atholics, may ha)e a
mind of going some day to confession" +t is unnecessary to remind the reader that by
K*ntiC!hristian sectsL the $ablet writer means the 4reemasons" $hus@
!ertain things which ha)e been written lately by the more imprudent of those
,ectarians in the praises which they ha)e la)ished on their Pietro !ossa, " " " the poet
of this new Rome who ascribes e)ery new glory to M*R$+9 #;$'6R " " " the
:erman foreigner and an apostate friar, " " " ha)e re)ealed a good deal more than " " "
they intended, of the real obMect they had in )iew in snatching Rome from the Pope " "
" in ruining the Papacy and restoring Pagan Rome"
5ne of the principal writers Kof these sectsL@ K=;#+;,,L is 1uoted, as he
clearly pro)ed the true obMect by sayingR@
Rome, ancient Rome, ci)il and Pagan, Rome rises from the mortal lethargy in
which ,acerdotalism had buried her" " " " #et us tear from the breast of ci)il Rome,
,acerdotal Rome" " " " :+;,6PP6 M*77+9+ " " " said openlyR K* re)olution may
bring about the era of a new faith, a new free !hurch " " " for all this we must ha)e
Rome in our hands"L *nd the K(olletinoL of the :reat 5rient of +talian 4reemasonry,
in its )ery first number writes@Las long as +taly permits the Papacy to continue " " "
the world will groan under an intolerable yo&e"L
Page G2
*nd still more clearly, later on, it saysR@ K$he world at this moment begins to
breathe, seeing +taly prepared to dri)e away the Roman Pontificate" " " " 4oreign
countries recogni.e the right of the +talians to exist as a nation now that they ha)e
confided to them the highest mission, i"e", that of freeing them from the yo&e of
!atholic Rome"L
Many good !hristians of whom we &now@and no friends of 4reemasonry, nor
of sectarian Protestantism either@may nourish, we suspect, a feeling of gratitude to
the Masons, could they but seriously belie)e that the +talian craft is doing e)en so
much toward the liberation of the world from the tyrannical, narrowCminded
,*!6R/5$*#+,M" Mo)ed by the sincerest philanthropic feelings, we fer)ently
hope that the abo)e will pro)e less of a calumny than the construction put in the said
article upon one of the most honest, and certainly the most patriotic, of +talian
popular poets, whose name closes the following paragraphR@
$he wor& of the sects >*ntiC!hristian Masons? and the wor& of the propagators
of +talian unity are oneE and in )ain do they try to deny this union when the names of
their chiefs, their Ministers, their deputies, their senators, and the prefects who
go)ern +taly, are all to be found in the registers of the sects, which anyone may see
who has in his hand the 4reemason *lmanac&" $heir watchword is, to destroy the
!atholic !hurch and !atholic Rome" $his is the confession of the =ournal of the
:reat 5rientR S il fine che la Massoneria si propone" U$his is the end which
4reemasonry proposes to itselfV and for which it has laboured Kfor centuries"L +t was
to carry out this intention that it occurred to the 4reemasons to depri)e the Pope of
RomeE and Rome was, in conse1uence, torn from the Pope" *nd the 4reemason poet
in his hymn to ,*$*9, which was published in this same K(olletinoL of the :reat
5rient of +taly, writesR@
K$u spiri, 5 ,atana,
9el )erso mio,
,e dal sen rompemi
,fidando il /io
/eQ rei pontefici"LZ
Z K+t is thou, 5 ,atan, %ho inspirest my
)erse, +f it brea&s forth from my breast
/efying the :od 5f the PontiffC8ings"L
U4rom the poem entitled K*U4rom
the poem entitled K,atanaL by
:iosud !arducci" @!ompiler"V
Page G9
6nding the poem with this triumphant Masonic )owR@
K,alute, 5 ,atanaY
" " " " " "
'ai )into il :eo)a
/e i sacerdoti"LZ
K%ar to the :od of !atholics and to the Pope as Vicar of =esus !hrist, that war
to promote which the Masonic Mournal has an apposite rubric, this is the true end and
aim of Rome, !apital of +taly"L
4reemasonry has declared war on the PapacyE has profited by the ambitions, the
passion, the )ices of all parties, and made use of the arm of a !atholic ,tate to
complete its preparations, by ma&ing Rome the capital of the antiCPapal mo)ement"
+n her official bulletin it is said, without any attempt at concealment, by a writer
named ,$64*95 /+ R5R*+R@
K4reemasonry will ha)e the glory, of subduing the terrible 'ydra of the Papacy,
planting on its ruins the secular standard, )erita, amore"L >$ruth and #o)e"?
46R*R+ had already saidR K%e cannot ad)ance one step without stri&ing down
the !ross"L
,(*R(*R5, in his boo& on #iberty, confessedR K*ll #iberals are agreed that
we ne)er shall ha)e national liberty till we ha)e freed consciences from the sla)ery of
Rome " " " which penetrates into families, schools, and all social life"L *nd elsewhere
he saidR K%e are in the midst of a serious struggle, not only of social interests, but of
religious principles, and he must be blind who does not percei)e it"L 4reemasonry, as
,(*R(*R5 has o)er and o)er again repeated, and as all its leaders ha)e declared,
Kmust ta&e the place of the !hurch"L *nd for this reason alone she has stolen Rome
from the Popes to ma&e it her proper centre, under the plea of ma&ing her the capital
of +taly" $his was the real reason for the choice of Rome as a capitalE which was not
necessary or desirable, either historically or politicallyE neither for military nor for
national reasonsE and still less for the ad)antage of the +talian people"
(ut this end, this real scope of the whole mo)ement, K+t is premature to
mention,L wrote :+;,6PP6 M*77+9+, and must be only preached to a redeemed
Z K*ll 'ailE 5 ,atanY $hou hast con1uered the =eho)ah of the priests"L
Page 6B
4or, before this KredemptionL of +taly, it was necessary to blind their eyes and
ears with big words about nationality, and liberty, and the necessity of Rome for
;nited +taly" $oday 4reemasonry, thin&ing it has sufficiently KredeemedL the unhappy
+talian people, throws off the mas& and cries without reser)e what *#(6R$5
M*R+5 had said a short time before the coming of +taly to RomeR
K$o disarm the !hurch is not to &ill her"
%e must decapitate her in Rome"L
6tc", 6tc" %e wonder whether the innocent Parsi and the KmildL 'indu of the
nati)e K=adu&hanasL ha)e e)er gi)en one single thought to the abo)e" /o they e)er
ha)e their dreams disturbed by the uncomfortable thought that, notwithstanding their
enforced rupture with the K:rand 5rientL whose chapters wic&edly refuse@do what
their (rethren of the K5rthodoxL !raft masonry may@to bow to the K=eho)ah of the
Priests,L but will ha)e their KPrincipe !rSateurL@ that they, too, are part and parcel
with that depra)ed (ody &nown as the K:rand 5rient of 4rance and +talyL@that so
unblushingly confesses to an inspiration Kfrom ,atanLP
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 1H9C12BV
!hronicles of the Photographs of ,piritual (eings and
Phenomena +n)isible to the Material 6ye, by M+,, :"
'5;:'$59" #ondonR 6" %" *llen, 1223"
* neat and curious )olume, K+llustrated by six Plates containing fiftyCfour
Miniature Reproductions from the 5riginal Photographs"L $he boo& is full of
)aluable testimony" +t comes from some of the most eminent men of science and
literature of the day, who all testify to the fact that photographs ha)e been, and are,
ta&en from K,pirit (eings,L their more or less shadowy forms appearing on the
negati)e near or about the sitters in )isible flesh and blood" K'is Most ,erene
'ighness, :eorge, Prince de ,olms,L is one of the witnesses to the phenomena" +n a
letter incorporated in the Preface he remar&sR@
+ ha)e examined the )arious explanations which ha)e been offered of imitating
the spiritCphotographs, but certainly none that + ha)e seen are sufficient to account for
the phenomena " " " + am not aware of any possible explanation of photographs of this
description, of which the figure is displayed partly before and partly behind the
person sitting" Up" )ii"V
Page 61
*nother eminent witness, Mr" *" R" %allace, the 9aturalist, also gi)es his
testimony" 'e saysR@
+f a person with a &nowledge of photography ta&es his own glass plates,
examines the camera used and all the accessories, and watches the whole process of
ta&ing a picture, then, if any definite form appears on the negati)e besides the sitter, it
is a proof that some obMect was present capable of reflecting or emitting the actinic
rays, although in" )isible to those present " " " the fact that any figures so clear and
unmista&ably human in appearance as these should appear on plates ta&en in UaV
pri)ate studio by an experienced optician and amateur photographer, who ma&es all
his apparatus himself, and with no one present " " " is a real mar)el" Upp" 3BGCBH"V
Auite soE and the e)idence is so strong in fa)our of the genuineness of the
interesting phenomenon, that to doubt its possibility would be paramount to
proclaiming oneself a bigoted ignoramus" 9or is it the fact of the phenomenon we
doubt" %e are thin&ing rather of the causes underlying it" $he more we study the
clear, perfectly logical and connected e)idence of the eyewitnesses gathered in Miss
'oughtonQs interesting )olume, the more we compare it with her own testimony, and
then turn to the illustrations gi)en in the boo&, the less we feel ready to recogni.e in
the latter the direct wor& of ,pirits, i"e", of disembodied 6gos" $his is no sophistical
ca)il of preMudice or predetermined negation, as some of our critics may thin&E but the
sincere expression of honest truth" %e do not e)en attribute the appearance of the
figures, so mysteriously appearing without any seemingly physical cause for it, to the
wor& of the elementary or the elementals@so odious to the orthodox ,piritualist" %e
simply )enture to as& why such photographs, without being a fraudulent imitation@
and e)en though one day recogni.ed as phenomenal by the Royal ,ociety@should be
necessarily K,pirit picturesL@and not something elseP %hy should the forms so
appearing@often no forms at all, but patches of formless light, in which it is as easy
to detect figures and faces and li&enesses, as it is in a passing cloud, or e)en in a spot
of dirt upon a wall@why should they be rather ta&en for the pictures from original
human or any other ,pirits than for the reflection of what is already impressed as
images of men and things photographed on the in)isible space around usP
Page 63
* more or less successful reproduction >the photographer remaining
unconscious of it?@of a deceased personQs features from an image already impressed
in the aura of the li)ing medium, or the persons present, would not be a dishonest
attempt to impose upon the credulous, but a bona fide phenomenon" #et us once grant
for the sa&e of argument this hypothesis, and it would account perfectly for the
Kfigure displayed partly before and partly behind the person sitting"L Moreo)er, the
theory would co)er the ground and explain e)ery unsatisfactory feature in such
photographs, features hitherto unaccountable but on the theory of fraud" $he
Kdaughter of =airusL would not appear in the aura of a 'indu medium, not if he were
to sit for a thousand years before a camera" (ut the said biblical personage is a )ery
natural reproduction in the presence of a Protestant, an intensely pious medium,
whose thoughts are wholly absorbed with the (ibleE whose mind is full of the
miracles of =esus !hristE and who gi)es than&s, after e)ery successful KspiritC
photograph,L to the Kwisdom of :odL by blessing and praising his name" * 'indu or
a (uddhist medium would e)o&e no KspoonL emerging from a ray of celestial light
abo)e his head@but rather his fingers with which he eats his food" (ut the biblical
interpretation gi)en by the author >pp" H2 and H9? to explain the apparition of the
spoon after she had placed a mar&er in the (ible >the passage referring to the twel)e
spoons of gold, the offering of the Princes of +srael?, is Must as we should expect it"
9or would an orthodox heathen cause to appear on the photograph, surrounded by a
cluster of clouds, pictures Kfound to be a representation of the 'oly 4amilyL@for the
simple reason that ha)ing ne)er gi)en a thought to the latter family, no such picture
could be created by his mind, whether conscious or unconsciousE hence none being
found in)isibly impressed around him, none could be caught in the focus" %ere, on
the other hand, a picture of a boar or a fish to appear instead, or that of a blue
gentleman playing on the fluteE and were a 'indu medium to recogni.e in the former
the two *)atars of Vishnu, and in the latter 8rishna, we doubt whether any !hristian
,piritualist would be fair enough to admit of the correctness of the symbolical
interpretation, or e)en of the genuineness of the K,pirits,L since no !hristian sensiti)e
belie)es in either such *)atars, or in a ceruleanCcoloured god"
Page 63
$he most remar&able feature, in the boo& under re)iew, is its illustrated plates" +n
their intrinsic )alue, the miniature photographs are perfect" $hey do the greatest
honour to both the talent of the artist and the perse)erance and patience of the author
re1uired of her, before she could achie)e such fine results" *s K,piritL photographs,
howe)er, they allow a large margin for criticism, as they lea)e e)erything
unexplained, and the figures are by no means satisfactory" 4rom Plate + to Plate V+,
with one or two exceptions, the figures of the ,pirits exhibit a strange sameness and
rigidness" (eginning with KMamma extending her hand towards meL and ending with
K$ommyQs grandmotherL >Plate +?, nine groups in nine different attitudes represent to
our profane eye but two and the same persons in each pictureR the author and a
shrouded ghost@with features in)isible" +n each case, the ,pirit is wrapped up in the
traditional white shroud, )ery pertinently called by some correspondent in the wor&
the Kcon)entional whiteCsheeted ghost"L %hy it should be so, is not sufficiently
explained on the theory gi)en >p" 3BH? that Kthe human form is more difficult to
materiali.e than drapery"L +f it is a K,pirit Power, " " " used in :odQs %isdom to
promote the )isible appearance of spirit forms,L as we are told >p" 31?, then both the
power and wisdom fall )ery wide of the mar& that should be expected from them"
*nd if not, then why such a ser)ile copy of the con)entional ghosts in theatricalsP
$here are many )aluable, interesting and highly scientific attempts at
explanation found scattered throughout the wor&, and e)idence gi)en by wellC&nown
writers of ability and learning" (ut the opinion we agree with the most, is contained
in the extracts gi)en from Mr" =ohn (eattieQs paper@published in the ,piritual
Maga.ine for =anuary, 12H3@on the KPhilosophy of ,piritCPhotography"L %e will
1uote a few linesR@
*ll our most competent thin&ers in the great schools of physical science " " " are
forced to the conclusion that there exists an infinite ocean of ether, in which all
material substance floats, and through which are transmitted all the forces in the
physical uni)erse" " " "
Page 6D
+n photography we ha)e to deal with purely physical conditions" +s there any
proof that in the production of these pictures any other than physical conditions ha)e
had playP " " " +n the spiritCphotographs ta&en under my obser)ation, + had
considerable proof that spiritCsubstance was not photographed" $he forms were
)ague, but as photographs extremely well defined " " " these forms are such, and are so
singularly related to one another that, e)en to the superficial, it is impossible not to
see that such a series of forms could ne)er ha)e been concei)ed of by any one who
would ha)e had a mind to decei)e" " " " %e daily hear of spiritCphotographs being
made, many of them said to be recogni.ed as li&enesses of friends" " " " 9ow are these
photographs any other than material resemblances, moulded by spiritual beings, of
substances capable, when so condensed, of throwing off energy )ery acti)ely"""" +
ha)e seen many of the photographs said to be li&enesses" + ha)e two before me nowR
the same gentleman in both" +n one there is with him a sitting figure half under the
carpet, clearly from an etching of a face with a profile type exactly li&e his ownE in
the other there is a standing figure extremely tall and illCdefined" +n both cases it is
said to be his mother " " " " 9o li&eness could be discerned between the two" $he
sitting figure e)idently had been ta&en from some drawing"
+ mention all this to combat the notion that the actual spirit can be photographed"
+ ha)e seen a large number of them which + belie)e to be genuine, but in no case ha)e
+ seen them indicating the free play of true life" (esides, we cannot belie)e spiritual
light to depend upon physical laws such as reflection, absorption, etc", but rather on
states of the percei)ing mind" +f + am right, within the range of psychological
phenomena, spiritCphotography must ta&e a high place in usefulness, if mar&ed by
suitable e)idence without which all manifestations are worthless"
%e heartily concur with all that is said abo)e, but we disagree entirely with one
of the conclusions and deductions drawn therefrom by Mr" (eattie" ,o far the
genuineness of the phenomenon, called KspiritCphotography,L is sufficiently pro)ed"
(ut before we dogmati.e upon the agency or rather the causes producing the
phenomenal effects, we ha)e to consider three theories, and choose the one which not
only co)ers most of the ground, but explains, in the most satisfactory way, the e)ident
defects in the results so far obtained" 9ow the ,piritualists maintain that these
pictures are the photographs of spirits" Men more cautious, those of Mr" (eattieQs turn
of mind, would rather thin& that they are KPhotographs by ,pirits,L the form of the
obMect ha)ing been gi)en from plastic in)isible substance Kby intelligent beings
outside of it and moulded into shape for their purpose"
Page 6G
L *nd we >the 5ccultists? say, that they are obMecti)e copies from subMecti)e
photographs impressed upon the ether of space, and constantly thrown out by our
thoughts, words, and deeds" " " "
$he final )erdict as to who of us is right and who wrong, can be brought out by
the Mury of reason only after a better and more reliable e)idence is obtained of the
facts, and, upon a profounder ac1uaintance with the +n)isible ;ni)erse and
PsychologyE both, moreo)er, ha)e first to become entirely separated from, and
independent of, anything li&e preconcei)ed notions, or a sectarian colouring" ,o long
as K,piritCPhotography,L instead of being regarded as a science, is presented to the
public as a new Re)elation from the :od of +srael and =acob, )ery few sober men of
science, will care to submit to a microscopic inspection KMary the Virgin, Mother of
our #ord,L or e)en K,t" =ohn with a do)e and three stars in the niche abo)e him"L
THE "R#"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 121C123V
$he *rya, Ka Monthly =ournal de)oted to *ryan Philosophy, *rt, #iterature,
,cience, and Religion, as well as to %estern Modern PhilosophyL conducted by R" !"
(ary, at #ahore" +t is published in the interests of the *rya ,amaM, founded by our
friend and ally, ,wami /ayanand ,araswati" $he March number, the first of the new
publication Must started, is before us" !onducted by a (rother of ours, his ability, we
doubt not, will guide it safely through the dangerous passes of literature, the
$hermopylae, where so many new Mournals find an untimely death" $he first number
contains some )ery interesting informationE among other matter, a learned and
comprehensi)e article, K$he $heory of 6)olution from an *ryan Point of View,L by
one 4" $" ,"
Page 66
+f the initials mean K4ellow, $heosophical ,ociety,L then the latter ought to feel
doubly proudE first, of the member who wrote itE and then of the laudable feeling of
modesty which made him conceal a name of which, as a writer, he need ne)er be
ashamed" $he article is so good, that we hope it will be continued" K* !hoba and his
=uMman,L by #alla ,obha Ram, is a satirical /ialogue between an old orthodox
(rahman and an *rya ,amaMist, who is &ind enough to mention in it and thus gi)e
some prominence to the humble labours of the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety"
K+nfantQs 'ome 6ducation,L by F", contains some excellent ad)ice to nati)e parents"
K* :uide to :ree& 9omenclature,L a learned article by /aya Rama Varma, of
Mooltan, an old contributor of ours, who shows in a )ery satisfactory way that the
8ings of Magadha, or the Magadanians, who were Klords paramount and emperors of
+ndia for abo)e 3BBB years,L and whose country was Kthe seat of learning, ci)ili.ation
and trade,L were the forefathers of the :ree& Macedonians" $his is a )ery ingenuous
theory and the authorQs nomenclature of ancient names deser)es to be more widely
&nown" 'ymn 4irst, of the Rig Veda ,amhita, and the KPrinciples of the *rya ,amaM,L
with an explanation of the obMects of that body, are also gi)en" 'a)ing on the first
page Kdeplored the factL that the *rya ,amaMists are Ktal&ed of as the blind followers
of ,wami /ayanand ,araswati,L denounced by KselfCstyled Pandits " " " as *theists,L
and regarded by some of their best friends Kas a religious sect,L the true position is
explained further on, in an article signed R" !" %e confess, we ha)e oursel)es always
laboured under the impression that the *rya ,amaM was a sect" 9otwithstanding all
denial, we could hardly be blamed for it, since the *rya ,amaM is a ,ociety answering
perfectly to the definition of the word KsectL as gi)en by /ictionaries" * sect is a
body of persons who ha)e separated from others in )irtue of some special doctrine or
doctrinesE a religious or philosophical school, which has deserted the established
church, or Kwhich holds tenets different from those of the pre)ailing denomination in
a 8ingdom or ,tate"L
Page 6H
$he *rya ,amaM then, since it is a body of men who follow the teachings of
,wami /ayanand, whose school has separated itself from orthodox, or established
(rahmanism and 'induism, must be a sect as much as is the (rahmo ,amaM, or any
other body composed merely of coreligionists" 5ur ,ociety is not a sect, for it is
composed of men of all sects and religions, as of e)ery school of thought" (ut we
belie)e no Mohammedan or (uddhist would be recei)ed into the ,amaM of our
respected friend, the ,wamiMee, unless he ga)e up, one@his re)erence for his
prophet, the other@for (uddha" More o)er, he would ha)e to renounce the tenets and
dogmas of his religion, and accept those of the Vedas, as the only re)ealed boo&sE and
the interpretation of the latter by ,wami /ayanand as the only infallible one, though,
to interpret an infallible re)elation, re1uires an infallible re)ealer" #et it not be
understood that we ta&e our friends, the *rya ,amaMists, to tas& for itE or, least of all,
that we see& to under)alue, in any way whatsoe)er, the teachings of Pandit
/ayanand" %e only expect to call correct things by their correct names, as it would
be beyond our power to 1uarrel with e)ery wellCestablished definition" (ut the
obMects as defined in the article signed KR" !",L are excellentR@
$he *rya ,amaM is a society established with the obMect of dispelling from
among humanity ignorance with all the superstitions which it has bred, and which
unfortunately still bind in iron chains the people of +ndia and, to some extent, the
people of the %est, as well as to reform all religious rites and ceremonies by the light
of the doctrines of the Vedas" " " " * pious and righteous person who has correctly read
and understood the Vedas and who ne)er de)iates from their teachings in his practice
is a (rahman, be he or she the nati)e of *merica, 6urope or *rya)art itself"
$he *rya ,amaM holds the Vedas as a Re)elation )ouchsafed to man at his
introduction into the world, and this Re)elation as ha)ing a counterpart in nature,
)i.", the whole creation" * religion that conflicts with science does not deser)e that
name" $he laws of nature are uni)ersal and irre)ocable and no man or woman can
infringe any one of them with impunity, and so is the case with the doctrines of the
Vedas which teach us that our thoughts, words and deeds are the authors of our fate
and of our future state" $here is no stern deity punishing innocents or an o)ermerciful
one forgi)ing sinners"
$his last doctrine is highly philosophicalE and, ha)ing a true (uddhist ring about
it, appears to us perfectly logical" 5nly in such a case what is the acti)e part, if any,
allotted to :od in the *rya systemP
Page 62
%ill our esteemed colleague and brother &indly enlighten us on this subMectP $his is
no idle criticism, but an earnest en1uiry which we would fain settle seriously with the
*ryas" +n the KPrinciples of the *" ,",L we are told that, among many other things,
:od is KMust and merciful"L 9ow, if his Mustice and mercy are simply nominal
attributes since there is no deity to punish or to forgi)e, why such attributes, or e)en
such a deity at allP ,cience, commonCsense and experience teach us that by the disuse
of any organ, when the functions are suspended in it, the limb becomes atrophied, the
same law holding good in the case of mental 1ualities" +f the K*llCwise, the ,upport
and the #ord of all,L the omniscient :od, is no better than a constitutional so)ereign,
the supreme power being )ested in him but nominally, while the real power remains
in the hands of his Parliament >represented in our case by manQs Kthoughts, words,
and deeds,L or 8arma?, and that thus the K#ord of *llL becomes simply ornamental,
why ha)e him at allP %e hope the *rya will not refuse to enlighten us upon the
subMect" Meanwhile we wish it sincerely long life and success"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 123C12DV
* pretty story comes to us from Madras about the *merican lecturer, now
starring in +ndia" $he (ombay :a.ette once wittily remar&ed of him that Kthere is one
thing greater than his ability, and that is his bumptiousness"L $o this adMecti)e it might
ha)e pertinently added@had Mr" =oe !oo& un)eiled himself as fully here as he has
done in !alcutta and Madras@those of his snobbishness and malice" +n the lastC
named city@we are told in a letter@Khis public )ilifications of the celebrated
infidels and heretics of the day, became so indecent, that e)en the Madras Mail@the
only paper that noticed his lectures@had to prudently suppress them"L
Page 69
'is !hristian utterances must ha)e been superb, indeed" %e tender our
congratulations to his #ordship, the (ishop of Madras, who, we are told, occupied the
chair during !oo&Qs pious deli)eries" +t behoo)ed well the chief pastor of a floc&
entrusted to him by one who said, K(lessed are the mee&,L and the successor of that
other, who declared that, K(eing re)iled, we blessL >+ !or", i), 13?, to preside o)er
such an assembly" (ut perhaps, as the apostle assures us, that Kno re)iler shall inherit
the &ingdom of :odL@his #ordship &indly intended to gi)e Mr" !oo& the benefit of
his intercession and prayersP
Mr" =oseph !oo&Qs policy seems to be well ta&en from a #oyolian point of )iew"
'e first re)iles and slanders those whom he may well fear, and then, whene)er
challenged to substantiate his calumnies, basing himself on the slanders in)ented and
circulated by himself, he refuses pointCblan& to meet themY $his bra)e champion of
Kmodern religious thoughtL acts prudently" 'is great intellect@which may well be
li&ened to those brilliant toy balloons which burst at the first hard touch of a finger@
could ne)er resist the mighty palm of a (radlaugh, or e)en that of a less intellectual
person" $hus, when in #ondon, he hastened to slander Mrs" (esant and Mr"
(radlaugh, and then refused to meet them on the ground of his own )illainous
calumnies" +n (ombay he pursued the same policy with regard to !olonel 5lcott and
Mr" (ennettE in Poona he impertinently refused to ha)e anything to say to !aptain
(anon for the same weighty reasons, etc", etc" *nd thus he acted now at Madras, only
slightly )arying his programme, as will be seen, and adding thereby to his immortal
wreath of oratorical bumptiousness one more unfading leaf@that of snobbishness"
%e ha)e the delightful story from the )ictimQs own penR he being a wellCeducated,
respectable and highly culti)ated, young man of Madras, the editor of the Philosophic
+n1uirer and a wellC&nown 4reethin&erR Mr" P" Murugessa Mudaliar@in short"
Page HB
$here is not a man or woman in +ndia, we presume, but &nows that neither the
social nor moral standing, nor yet the birth, education or intellect of a young nati)e,
can be e)er measured by his salary or the official position he is made to occupy" *nd,
we are not the only one to &now that there are poor cler&s at a most infinitesimal
salary in this country who might gi)e points to the best 6uropean metaphysician of
the day and yet remain the )ictors in the wranglership" Mr" !oo& had certainly time
enough to be posted about this fact by his numerous padriCsatellites" *nd so he was,
we ha)e no doubtE but that was the )ery reason why he had the )ulgarity and bad
taste to resort to a mean stratagem instead" /reading to meet in public debate our
correspondent@who is also employed in the (an& of Madras @he put openly
forward the excuse that he was only an humble cler& on a )ery small salaryY 'e had
)olunteered to answer publicly e)ery 1uestion and obMection put forward by educated
nonC!hristiansE and when the hour of the trial had come, he actually had the
disgusting snobbery of answering from the platformR K+ cannot deal with a man who
is only a writing cler& in the (an&, on Rs" 3B"LYY
$his obMection@as coming from a public lecturer of *merica, a country which
hardly e)er had a President but had begun life as a poor )illage stableboy, a farmerQs
labourer, or had, before mo)ing into the K%hite 'ouse,L to put away his tailorQs
scissors with a pair of unfinished pants@is the most refreshingly ludicrous anecdote
we ha)e e)er heard of" $his fact of the people of *merica, electing for the highest
honours men, according to their personal worth and merit, and regardless of their
birth and social standing@which is the noblest and grandest feature in the *merican
Republic and its !onstitution@seems to ha)e entirely escaped the memory of our
aristocratic preacher" %e would li&e to &now who may possibly be the ancestors of
Mr" =oseph !oo& himselfP *nd, we would be as glad to learn the name of that
*merican@e)en of one, out of the forty millions of its citi.ens@who is able to boast
of a genealogical table e1ual to that of the humblest nati)e cler& in +ndia"
Page H1
/oes this KoratorL want us to belie)e he descends from %illiam the !on1ueror
or perchance, li&e PallasC*thena, from =upiterQs brain, his wisdom being e1ual to his
warli&e propensities, if not to his bra)eryP *n *merican going by the )ery plebeian
name of !oo&, refusing to lower his dignity by meeting in a discussion a cler& is
curious news, indeedY +t is really more than we expected e)en from that )ery high
caste (rahmin of the city of (oston"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 12DC126V
$he *siatic nations ha)e often been accused of holding obstinately to their old
routine and customs, and of being the least progressi)e indi)iduals in the whole
world" :radual ci)ili.ation alone, it is urged, has the needed potentiality in it, to
destroy unreasoned preMudices" 6ducation, only, can force upon the mind of a
re)i)ing nation, the con)iction that the world and e)erything in it has to mo)e on, lest
that people which should fall asleep o)er its old ways and customs be outrun by its
neighbours, and left in its motionless condition to die the death of stagnation"
*ll this and much more is preached by the moralists of 6urope and *merica"
;nfortunately, for the practical good of humanity, while imitating theoretically that
:erman preacher, who ma&ing his na`)e declaration to the parishioners, enMoined
them to K/o as + tell you and not as + do,L most of those pioneers of progress
themsel)es, the press and others, ne)er fail to practically rap on the &nuc&les of those
who follow out the second part of the wise ad)ice" 9either law, nor educated society,
nor yet the maMority of the people, e)er go apace with the progress of ci)ili.ationE
ne)er at least, so far, as to pro)e its good results by helping to demonstrate the benefit
of an inno)ation in its practical applications"
Page H3
5ld and mouldy laws are allowed to remain without re)ision or amendmentE
fetish worshipping society is permitted and e)en encouraged to fall foul of anyone
who disregards those grim old idols of hers, called KPublic PreMudiceL and
K!on)entional RespectabilityLE while the common herd, the plebs, whose innate
feature seems to be modelled by the law of ata)ism upon that of their forefathers the
sheep, will follow ser)ilely and blindly its leader@the maMority@and try to hoot out
of his life any inno)ator that society condemns as an iconoclast of their cherished
,uch thoughts naturally suggest themsel)es to one who reads the news of another
recent prosecution and trial of an honest and a good man" $he )ictim, this time, is one
among the most worthy members of our ,ocietyR a true brother of the great
K(rotherhood of 'umanityL@!harles 6" $aylor, M"/", a wellC&nown boo&seller and
a )ery successful magnetic and homeopathic healer of ,t" $homas, %est +ndies" *
few years bac&, /r" 'enry ,lade, a 1uiet unobtrusi)e man, a thorough gentleman in
his ways and manners, and an honest and sincere ,piritualist, was prosecuted and
barely escaped imprisonment with hard labour, for the sole crime of being a
wonderful medium and for pro)ing it most effecti)ely to anyone who had a mind to
in)estigate for himself the claim" *n old law, which growing ci)ili.ation had left in
disuse to moulder in its archi)es for o)er a century, the law against soothsaying and
palmistry, was dragged out from its hidingCplace for the greater shame of the (ritish
code, and made to ser)e as a weapon to brea& the mediumQs head with" #aw is but too
often made a con)enient mantle, under the co)er of which bigotry in all its protean
forms re)els and chuc&les in its triumph o)er truth" +n the case of /r" ,lade, it was the
bigotry of dogmatic materialism, under the guise of orthodox science that floored for
a short time factE and /r" ,lade was sentenced under the pro)ision of the wise old
law" $his once, it is the bigotry of professional rapacity, the en)y of a mercenary
apothecary that triumphs" +n /ecember last, our brother, Mr" !harles 6" $aylor, was
sentenced at the $own !ourt of ,t" $homas, Kfor ha)ing practised animal magnetism
and dispensed homeopathic medicine"L
Page H3
$rue, he had practiced the former for years gratisE he had relie)ed and cured
hundreds of poor patients, to whom, were they to die at the door of the drugstore of
the said apothecary, the complainant would not ha)e gi)en his allopathic drugs and
pills without being paid for them, while the defendant dispensed to rich and poor his
homeopathic medicine free from any charge" 'is treatment, moreo)er, as was legally
shown, had ne)er pro)ed detrimental to those treated by him" (ut what does it all
matterY $he apothecary is a legally licensed leech for bleeding men and their poc&ets,
while Mr" $aylor is but an unselfish practical benefactor of his fellow creatures $he
apothecary relie)es his clients of the weight of their species, while Mr" $aylor
relie)ed them but of their pains and aches@if not as legally at least as effectually" (ut
#aw has to countenance licensed robbery, though it has no pro)ision made to force
KorthodoxL physicians and druggists to refund their money to those whom they do not
cure, let alone bring bac& to life those whom they may legally &ill in the course of
their legal practice" 5n the other hand, ha)ing once pro)ided for the safety of its
monopolists, it is forced to put a chec& on all those who may be in their wayE e)en
though, they do pro)e, as in the case in hand, that they ha)e alle)iated the sufferings
of hundreds and thousands of men, rescued more than one life precious to a number
of friends and relati)es, and thereby as a natural result sa)ed the latter from months
and years of cruel mental torture" *ll this, of course, in the eyes of the allCwise law
and social preMudice counts for nothing" !hristian law and !hristian societies in their
preCeminently !hristian lands may con)eniently forget in the nineteenth century that
the practice of healing by Klaying on of hands,L and the KmiraclesL of mesmerism lie
at the )ery bottom, and are the )ery cornerstone in the foundation of their faith@as it
originated during the first century" $rained in, and accustomed to, as it is, to wallow
in the mire of hypocrisy and false pretences, it would be useless to try and ha)e
society admit that, were there anything li&e logic and consistency in the laws of its
respecti)e countries, once that such a mode of healing is shown illegal, and mesmeric
KmiraclesL pro)ed no better than a moonshine, their creed, based upon such practices,
would crumble down the first, li&e an edifice pul)eri.ed hollow by the white ants"
Page HD
$his glaring contradiction between their profession of faith and their bitter
opposition, coupled with an insurmountable preMudice to that old mode of healing@
hence to ,piritualism and $heosophy@as shown by !hristian ,ociety and !hristian
#aw are the legitimate outcome of fifteen centuries of cant and hypocrisy" $hese facts
alone, that while society finds it superlati)ely respectable to belie)e in, and accepts
theoretically and upon blind faith that which it scoffs at and reMects when shown its
possibilities practicallyE and that law@one of whose duties it is to enforce and protect
its state religion@shows ne)ertheless the most superb contempt for, and practical
disbelief in, the efficacy of that which constitutes the )ery basis of the KmiraclesL
claimed to ha)e been wor&ed by their !hrist@would be preposterously ludicrous,
were not its daily results so sad and so hurtful to humanity" $he pointed remar& in a
sermon preached by 'enry %ard (eecher, that could =esus come bac& and beha)e in
the streets of 9ew <or&, as he did in those of =erusalem, he would find himself
confined in a Mail and forced by the city authorities to ta&e a MugglerQs license@holds
now as good as e)er" #aw and ,ociety with their boasted ci)ili.ation become with
e)ery day more Kli&e unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward,
but are within full of dead menQs bones and of all uncleanness"LZ $he paradox that we
now find practical !hristians but among the atheists, the materialists and the infidel
heretics, is rapidly becoming an indisputable theorem" 'ence one more )ictim of
disgraceful bigotry supported by the hand of !hristian #aw"
K5nly allopaths, belonging to some recogni.ed uni)ersity are allowed to
practice in these +slandsL >of %est +ndies?, writes to us Mr" $aylor" K4ormerly not
e)en an allopath was allowed here, unless he had passed an examination before the
(oard of !openhagen"
Z UMatt", xxiii, 3H"V
Page HG
$he 'omeopathic 6clectic or magnetic physicians@not e)en when diplomaed
@if + may use the term@are permitted to practice hereE nor does the apothecary >the
complainant? &eep homeopathic medicines" $hus, the old fable of the X/og in the
MangerQ is repeated " " " + am not un&indly disposed towards him@but there is a
limit " " "L
$his pro)es that the laws of !openhagen need as careful a re)ision as those of
nearly e)ery other country nowE and, that /enmar&, if it expects to &eep apace with
progress and ci)ili.ation, may be as sorely in need of a new codification as it was in
the days of its Prince 'amlet" 6)en Russia abolished the law forbidding the
homeopathic physicians to prepare their own medicines, so far bac& as in 12D3" +n
nearly e)ery large town, the world o)er, there are homeopathic societies" +n 6urope
alone in 12GB there were already o)er 3,BBB practicing homeopathists, twoCthirds of
whom belonged to :ermany, 4rance and :reat (ritainE and there are numerous
dispensaries, hospitals and wealthy curati)e establishments appropriated to this
method of treatment in e)ery large town, e)en in !openhagen itself" *t this )ery day,
a re)olution is ta&ing place in science, owing to the proofs gi)en by the famous
Professor =aeger of ,tuttgart of the mar)ellous efficacy of the infinitesimal
homeopathic doses" 'omeopathy is on the e)e of being demonstrated as the most
potent of curati)e agents" 4igures cannot lie" %e send the ,t" $homas fogies to the
newly in)ented application by Professor =aeger@a most eminent physiologist@of
the instrument called chronoscope by which his neuralCanalyses are produced"
*t the incipient stage of e)ery useful inno)ation, its success only increases the
enmity of the opponents" +n 1213, when after the withdrawal of the allied armies the
typhus patients became so numerous in #eip.ig that it was found necessary to di)ide
them among the physicians of that city, of the H3 allotted to /r" 'ahnemann, the
founder of the homeopathic system of medicine, and by him treated on that method,
all reco)ered except one, a )ery old manE while the patients under the care of the
allopaths died in the proportion of 2 men in 1B"
Page H6
$o show their appreciation of the ser)ices rendered, the authorities, at the
instigation of the apothecaries, who conspired to ma&e the former re)i)e against /r"
'ahnemann an old law@exiled the doctor who was forced to see& refuge in 8\then
in the dominions of the /u&e of *nhalt" #et us hope that /r" !" 6" $aylor will find his
reward for his in)aluable and disinterested ser)ices in the end, e)en as /r"
'ahnemann did for his wor&" 4or, after ha)ing been the obMect of ceaseless attac&s for
o)er thirty years from those whose pecuniary interests were opposed to the beneficent
inno)ation@as those of our modern allopaths are opposed now to mesmerism in
addition to homeopathy@he li)ed to see #eip.ig atoning for its sins and repairing the
inMury done to his reputation by erecting a statue to him in one of the city s1uares"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 12HC122V
K$hou shalt not raise a false reportR put not thine hand with the wic&ed to be an
unrighteous %+$96,,L >6xodus, xxiii, + ? "
$he +ndian %itness is our old Methodist friend@the #uc&now %itness@in
disguise" %hy the godly creature should ha)e cast off its s&in, is a problem to be set
aside with the other ways of Pro)idence 1uite as mysterious and pu..ling to the :odC
fearing !hristian as they are to the infidel $heosophist" %hether it suddenly felt the
need of pro)ing its ubi1uity as one of the K%itnessesL to the :od of *braham and
=acob, and so )olunteered its inestimable ser)icesE or, that it was subpoenaed, and,
with the KpeopleQs dollarL in its poc&et, had to enlarge its field of operation, in order
to gi)e e)idence on a broader scaleE or, again, that it found (engal a fitter locality@
from a climatic point of )iew@to threaten the obstinate heathen with damnation, are
all delicate points which we need not raise at present, nor lose our time to discuss"
Page HH
'owe)er it may be, it has 1uietly shifted its head1uarters from pro)incial
modest #uc&now, and we find it in the )ery centre of religious fermentation@the
proud capital of (engal@!alcutta" 5ur prying, psalmCcroa&ing wellCwisher and
colleague was right" +ts choice was certainly Mudicious, as it has now before its
prophetic and inspired eye a far broader hori.on, a far wider scope for religious
reflection and critical obser)ation than it could e)er hope for in Mussulman 5udh"
*ll the specialists agree in saying that the K!ity of PalacesL is the best manured spot
with the theological guano of stray birds of prey of e)ery feather, in all +ndia" 'ence,
it is the most fertile land for missionary KplantL and for raising reformers and
K!hristian witnessesL on it, of e)ery colour and species" !alcutta, as we all &now, is
the )ery hotbed of brilliant oratory and worldCfamous preachers, from the mellifluous
(abu 8eshub !hunder ,en@preaching !hrist and /urga@down to the mealyC
mouthed dissenters on the editorial staff of our %esleyan contemporary, gushing o)er
the departure and )irtues of another K!hristian %itness,L as they call MaMorC:eneral
!rofton, whosoe)er that gallant warrior may be *nyhow, the #uc&nowC+ndian
%itness, ha)ing placed itself in an excellent position, from whence to spy and
encourage the )ariegated specimens of con)erted preachers running amuc& for their
heathen brothersQ scalps, we had fondly hoped that, as an eyewitness, it might ha)e
now amended its e)il waysE that it had become a trifle more truthful in its
denunciations of the ini1uities perpetrated by all the nonC!hristian sects and societiesE
and less exaggerated in the e)idence brought to bear upon the moral beauty and
sanctity of e)ery stray !hristian lecturer" *las, we were once more disappointedY $he
+ndian %itness is as false and untruthful, as slandering and gushing as was its
#uc&now ,osia@no mean compliment, by the way, to the latter" *cting on a different
policy than the missionary papers generally do, we mean to substantiate our charges"
Page H2
+n its issues of 4ebruary 3Gth and March Dth, we find oursel)es, )ery
unexpectedly, recei)ing high honours, and a prominent place in the editorial
paragraphs of that organ of deep Methodist thought" +ts mee& editors chuc&le with
suppressed delightE and their large, apostolic hearts seem o)erflowing with !hristian
lo)e and charity@the )ery essence of !hristism@as they couple our humble names
with that of the KgreatL #ecturer, and still greater libeller and ca)iller, Mr" =oe !oo&,
of the bac&biting *rmy of the #ord" +t is no doubt, from that most trustworthy
personage, that the no less trustworthy Methodist Mournal got the following bits of
reliable informationP ,ays the +ndian %itness in its issue of March DthR
/efections from the ran&s of infidelity are becoming somewhat fre1uent of late"
!olonel 5lcott recently named /" M" (ennett, !olonel +ngersoll, and Mr" (radlaugh,
as the three most worthy KmartyrsL of the age, and now the *merican papers tell us
that +ngersoll begins to show signs of receding from his extreme positions" 'e no
longer denies the existence of the soul after death, although he uses an KifL in
spea&ing on the subMect" +ntimate friends say this is only one of many indications of a
change that has been coming o)er him recentlyE meanwhile, Mr" 4rothingham, the
strongest, and perhaps the most influential, of the a)owed disbelie)ers in *merica has
confessed that his system of infidelity has pro)ed a failure, while Mr" *bbott, a wellC
&nown leader of the extreme school, has Must written a letter, saying that he had
withdrawn from the 4ree Religious *ssociation, because he could not induce the
body with which he acted to say a single word in repudiation of the identical charges
which Mr" =oseph !oo& brought against (ennett and his friends in (ombay" >P? $he
same charges had been made by Mr" !oo& in *merica, and Mr" *bbott, himself an
a)owed infidel, was the only man in the *ssociation who was willing to wash his
hands of the accusation" $ruly, our $heosophists seem ready to open a cage of )ery
unclean birds in our +ndian cities"
%e ha)e italici.ed the fi)e glaring misstatements composing the fi)e sentences,
contained in about two do.en of lines" $hey are all represented as facts, but, as the
reader will see, consist of three s&illful misrepresentations, of one clumsy falsehood,
and of one calumny of the &ind so be lo)ed by, and so constantly resorted to, in the
missionary organs, de)oted to pro)ing the superiority of the !hristian morality o)er
that of the false religions of the 'indu systems" %e will enumerate the misstatements"
Page H9
1" !olonel 5lcott has ne)er either published or named Mr" /" M" (ennett,
!olonel +ngersoll, and Mr" (radlaugh as Kthe three most worthy martyrs of the age"L
5ur President ha)ing nothing to do with the %estern materialistic 4reeCthought, and
being well ac1uainted with the li)es of the three gentlemen abo)e named, has respect
and sympathy for them personally, but none whate)er for their extreme )iews"
8nowing, therefore, >a? !olonel +ngersoll, as a )ery happy, prosperous man,
successful throughout his lecturing career, always coming out triumphant from his
s1uabbles with the bigots who attac& him, and one who probably ne)er had one
hourQs KmartyrdomL in his lifeE and >b? Mr" (radlaugh as rather the re)erse of a
martyr, inasmuch as he certainly gi)es more trouble to his persecutors than they can
e)er gi)e to him@he could not ha)e uttered such an absurdity" %hat he said and
maintains is, that those three gentlemen had done more to upset dogmatic !hristianity
in 6ngland and *merica, and to arrest its progress e)en here, than any other three
men li)ing" *nd hence, that they had to suffer for it in their reputations torn to pieces
by )ile calumny and the efforts of untruthful and unprincipled !hristian .ealots"
*s for Mr" (ennett, though this sentiment has ne)er found room in !olonel
5lcottQs public utterances, for there was no need for it, yet the editor of the $ruthC
,ee&er may Mustly be regarded by all those who &now him personally as a Kmartyr,L
and the )ictim of a gigantic and the most shameful conspiracy e)er resorted to, in
order to get rid of a dangerous opponent" %e, who &now something of his pri)ate life,
and belie)e in the impartial Mudgment of some of our best friends in *merica, who
&new him for years, maintain that he was made a martyr to, and has suffered for, that
cause of freedom for which e)ery rightCminded man in *merica will stand up and
will die for, if necessary" %e certainly do not include in the latter category the
maMority of *merican clergymen and missionaries, nor yet the fools and bigots who
become their blind tools"
Page 2B
*nd &nowing so much, notwithstanding, and to the face of Mr" =oseph !oo&,
and his pharisaical supporters, we proclaim Mr" (ennett a &ind, truthful, 1uiet, rightC
minded man, imperfect and liable to err, as e)ery other mortal, but, at the same time
scrupulously honest, and as incapable of spreading false reports e)en against his
bitterest enemies, as the latter are incapable of doing anything else" +mpenetrable as
they are to any decent feeling of Mustice, forgi)eness or charity, most of them carry,
under their blac& gowns and white ties, a bladder full of gall instead of a heart"
3" !olonel +ngersoll has not shown the slightest sign of recanting, or of
Kreceding from his extreme positions"L $o our &nowledge, and ha)ing heard him
lecture years bac&, he has ne)er denied the principle of immortality, but had only
1uestioned the possibility for any man of obtaining any certainty to that effect" +s it
his latest pamphlet, K%hat shall + /5 to be sa)edPL or his sharp reMoinder to =udge
=ere ," (lac&, on the subMect of the !hristian religion >see 9o)ember number of the
9orth *merican Re)iew? that shows any such sign of KrecedingLP
3" $he news spread by other *merican false %+$96,,6, to the effect that Mr"
4rothingham Khas confessed that his system of infidelity has pro)ed a failure,L is
denied by that eminent gentleman himself, in the papers" $his is what the Re)erend
M" =" ,a)age, the personal friend of Mr" 4rothingham, said in his /iscourse deli)ered
Kupon authority from Mr" 4rothingham himself, to explain more fully the latter
gentlemanQs present position, and remo)e certain misconceptions of that position
made by the press, especially by the e)angelical religious press of the country"L $he
latter, of course, being as prompt as e)er to catch at a straw, and to spread false
reports in order to maintain its reputation for disseminating the truth of :od" +f the
+ndian %itness is eager to &now the exact position of Mr" 4rothingham, the most
intellectual and broadCminded of those 4reethin&ers who are called the K4ree
Religionists,L it may learn it now"
+n a letter republished in the (oston (anner of #ight, =anuary H, 1223, and other
papers, Mr" 4red" #" '" %illis informs us thatR
Page 21
4rom Mr" ,a)ageQs explanation of Mr" 4rothinghamQs position, if we may so
term it, we learn that the representati)e of the press who inter)iewed the latter
gentleman and elicited from him the statements that ha)e called forth such wide
spread comments, instead of ta&ing notes of what was said, trusted to his memory,
and conse1uently misstated " " " some of Mr" 4rothinghamQs positions"
4or exampleR Mr" 4" does not thin& that Kunbridled freethought leads to a dreary
negation called materialism"L K5n the contrary,L says Mr" ,a)age, Khe holds that no
science worthy the name of a science can possibly tend that way"L 9or does he
belie)e that re)ealed religion is stronger today than it was twenty years ago, as has
been so triumphantly asserted" >(y Mr" !oo& for one"?
'e would limit thought in no direction" 'e would go bac& to no past church
statement or creed" 'e belie)es that the wor& of the iconoclast is not yet finished, and
denies that he has any disposition to recall one word that he has spo&en or published"
$hat settles the 1uestion" +f this is Kconfessing that the system of infidelity >in
the sense of the sectarians and dogmatists? has pro)ed a failure, then we can expect
the +ndian %itness to say one of these days that we ha)e confessed to the missionary
papers as to the most truthful organs in the world" (ut what is Mr" 4rothinghamQs real
positionP Mr" ,a)age tells us that in so many wordsR
K4or many years,L says Mr" 4rothingham to his friends, K+ ha)e been inclined to
try to pro)e that e)erything comes out of the earth below, that religion is purely
earthly in its origin, something made by man in his effort to perfect himself, and +
ha)e not ta&en account enough of the wor&ing in the world of a di)ine power@a
power abo)e man wor&ing on and through him to lift and lead"L
+ hope that new light will brea& out, not of :odQs words in the sense of a boo&,
but of :odQs uni)erse through new manifestations, through natural methods in the
human soul"
$his is the expression of pure theosophy, and the )ery essence of it" $herefore,
Mr" 4rothingham is merging with e)ery day more into ,piritualism and $heosophyE
and reMecting the (ible, which he contemptuously styles a Kboo&,L he Kwould go
bac&,L he says Kto no past church statement or creed"L 'ow does this tally with the
+ndian %itnessQ truthful statementsP
D" %e ne)er &new a Mr" *bbott, nor do we &now of any Mr" *bott, who &nows
us, least of all one, who would feel obliged to come out as our champion"
Page 23
9or has our ,ociety, nor ha)e we oursel)es anything to do, or in common with
the K4ree Religious *ssociation"L $herefore, the statement gi)en out that a Mr" *bott
withdraws from that ,ociety, because he could not induce that body to repudiate Kthe
identical charges which Mr" !oo& brought against (ennett and his friends in
(ombayL is a deliberate and impudent falsehood, whoe)er may be its author" 4or all
we &now, its first part >regarding Mr" (ennett? may be trueE ne)ertheless, it is utterly
false in its concluding words" $o begin with, no one had >not e)en oursel)es?, nor was
any one expected to repudiate any charge brought against us by =" !oo&, since with
the exception of the insane and ridiculous charge against the K$'65,5P'+,$,L@
i"e", !olonel 5lcott and Madame (la)ats&y@ha)ing come to +ndia to learn sorcery
and then to teach it in their turn, Kto the mediums already exposedL@no charge was
e)er preferred $here was plenty of direct and )ulgar abuse, and, perhapsE ha.y hints
and suggestions which made people laugh more at the lecturer than at what he had
said, and that is all" (ut so far neither the noisy !oo&, nor its ser)ile admirer@the
+ndian %itness@ha)e e)er substantiated any charge worthy of being noticed"
K$ruly our $heosophists seem ready to open a cage of )ery unclean birds in our
+ndian citiesL is the concluding stri&e of the little Methodist )iper %e do not &now of
any uncleaner birds in +ndia than the crows and )ultures, of the genus maleficus of
the $heologus familyE unless it be the *merican bustard, which began to emigrate
here in masses of late" *ll such feed on the heathen refuse, and boast of it as of a
dainty dish" *s for the $heosophists, their KcageL has ne)er yet contained an unclean
bird, but it found itself immediately expelled and pec&ed out of the society as e)ery
other element that pollutes it" #et the +ndian %itness read our Rules and ,tatutes
carefully before it )entures on any more such calumnies as the one 1uotedE and let its
editors beware of what they say, lest they find themsel)es one day compelled by law,
to publish a full retractation and an apology to the $heosophistsR as e)en were the
editors of the /nyanodaya and of the !alcutta ,tatesman"
Page 23
5f course, in offering this salutary ad)ice we bear in mind the wise pro)erb of
,olomon, the 8ing of the HBB wi)es and the 3BB concubines, that saithR K*n ungodly
%+$96,, scorneth MudgmentE and the mouth of the wic&ed de)oureth ini1uity"LZ
<et, we deri)e some hope and consolation from the )erse that directly follows, since
it promises that@L=udgments are prepared for scorners and stripes for the bac& of
Z UPro)erbs, xxix, 32"V
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, pp" 122C129V
$he enemies of ,piritualism and $heosophy can reMoice and triumph, and the
!alcutta bigoted and dyspeptic fogies@old or young@are in)ited to render than&s to
their respecti)e gods" Mr" 6glinton is gone ha)ing left for 6ngland on the ,"," Vega
on the 16th ult" *nd now, for some time to come at least, they are allowed a respite
and can draw a long breath of relief" 9ewspaper accounts of le)itations, of
materiali.ation and direct writing, of instantaneous transfer of articles and letters
through distances of thousands of miles, and many other weird and inexplicable
phenomena may trouble their dreams no longer" $he nightmare of a new religious
belief@with its genuine, palpable, demonstrated KmiraclesL to support its claimsE a
belief arresting the progress, if not entirely superseding the religions based upon blind
faith and un)erifiable traditions no better than fairy tales, has )anished and dissol)ed
behind the great ocean mists, li&e one of MacbethQs unclean witches" " " "
Page 2D
%ell, time alone will show which of the two now pre)ailing superstitions is
calculated to sur)i)e" %hether it is occult phenomena@based upon actual, though yet
undisco)ered, correlations of natural forcesE or@belief in /i)ine and ,atanic
Kmiracles"L Methin&s, faith in the KmiraclesL of an +nfinite, personal 95(5/<, and
in those of his hereditary foe@the clo)enCfooted, horned, and caudated gentleman,
the #ord of the hot regions@is more calculated to disgrace our age of agnosticism
and blan& denial, than belief in the spiritual agencies" Meanwhile, Mr" 6glinton is
gone, and with him the best opportunity that was e)er offered to +ndia to in)estigate
and )indicate the claims of her old worldCrenowned sages and philosophers@is also
gone" $hus for some time at least, will the assertions of the 'indu ,hastras, the
(uddhist and 7oroastrian boo&s of wisdom, to the effect that there exist occult
powers in man as well as in nature@ be still held as the unscientific )agaries of the
ancient sa)ages"
,ince the appearance of the editorial, K* Medium %antedL >$he $heosophist,
May, 1221?, in which Mr" 6glinton was mentioned for the first time, and our readers
shown that the wonderful phenomena produced through him were attested to o)er the
signature of such witnesses as Mr" *" R" %allace, ,ir :arnet %olseley, :eneral
(rewster, Mr" Robert ," %yld, ##"/", 6din", M" :usta)e )on Vay, and a host of
others@from that day to this one we ne)er met him personally, nor e)en held a
correspondence with him" %e refused going to !alcutta to meet him, and felt obliged
to deny oursel)es and our numerous members the instructi)e pleasure of seeing him
here, as was se)eral times proposed" %e ha)e done so intentionally" 4eeling that we
had no right to subMect him to insulting suspicions@such as we had oursel)es to
suffer from, and which once we were brought together would be sure to follow in our
trail@we abstained from seeing him, and spo&e e)en of his wor& but casually, once
or twice in this Mournal and only for the purpose of gi)ing publicity to some
wonderful phenomena of his" 5ur cautious policy inspired by a natural feeling of
delicacy@more for his sa&e than our own@was misunderstood and misinterpreted
by our best friends, who attributed it to a spirit of opposition to e)erything connected
with ,piritualism or its phenomena"
Page 2G
9o greater mista&e was e)er made, no more erroneous misconception e)er set
afloat" 4or now that Mr" 6glinton is gone, and with him e)ery danger from malicious
slanders has disappeared, we gi)e our reasons publicly for such a Kpolicy of
noninterference,L on our part, and gladly publish a full recognition of the good that
gentleman has achie)ed in +ndia" +f he has failed to con)ince the general public and
the masses, it is because, &nowing of him, they yet &new nothing of his wonderful
gifts, ha)ing ne)er had an opportunity of witnessing his phenomena" $he sSances
gi)en were limited to a small fraction of the *ngloC+ndian ,ociety, to educated ladies
and gentlemen@worth con)incing" *nd so much Mr" 6glinton has most undoubtedly
achie)ed with great success" /uring the se)eral months he passed in !alcutta, and
notwithstanding the determined and ferocious opposition coming from ingrained
sceptics as much as from religious 7ealots, no one who came to his sSances e)er went
away with a shadow of doubt but that what he had seen was pa&&I genuine
phenomena, which to whatsoe)er agency it might be attributable was no sleight of
hand or cle)er conMuring" $he life of a medium@especially that of a genuine and
honest medium, born with the instincts of a gentleman@is a hard and a bitter one" +t
is one of daily mental tortures, of deepCfelt and e)erlasting anxiety, lest through the
brutal interference and precipitation of the first dissatisfied sceptic, who imagines he
detects fraud where there is but the manifestation of a weird genuine phenomenon,
his hardCwon reputation for honesty should be ruined in a few moments" $his is an
agony that few of the in)estigators, e)en among the ,piritualists are able to fully
reali.e" $here are so few genuine, honest mediums among the professionals of that
class, that accustomed to the feigned agitation@as easily soothed as exhibited@and
to the feigned indifference, manifested at the first symptoms of suspicion by the
mediums of the tric&y crew, the ,piritualists themsel)es become insensible to the
degree of mental suffering inflicted upon the true sensiti)e who feels he is unMustly
Page 26
*nd such an insufferable state of mind, we suspect, must ha)e fallen to the lot
of Mr" 6glinton during his stay in +ndia" 9otwithstanding that he li)ed under the
strong protection of de)oted friends, we ha)e reasons to belie)e that it was that,
which made him hasten the day of his departure" *t all e)ents, it would ha)e been in
store for him had he remained much longer in !alcutta" %hile disgusting intrigues
were set on foot by the public enemies of truth, who plotting secretly, as they always
do, wrote unguarded letters to (ombay >which we ha)e seen and read?E in !alcutta,
peremptory clamouring for sSances more open to the public than was thought
ad)isable, was becoming with e)ery day louder, and all his watchful friends could do
was to &eep the curious mob at armQs length" $hey ha)e done wellE for that mob@
which in many cases may include soCcalled ladies and gentlemen@would ha)e surely
brought in with the tide !alcutta #an&esters, /r" (eards, and other li&e benefactors of
KdeludedL humanity" $herefore, for Mr" 6glintonQs sa&e, we are glad he has left Must at
the right time" 9o greater misfortune could ha)e befallen the $heosophical ,ociety,
and with it ,piritualism, in the present psychologically unde)eloped state of mind of
the *ngloC+ndian ,ociety, were its ignorant, but wouldCbe allCwise areopagus to ta&e
it into its cle)er head that a medium was exposed, when de facto he would be perhaps
only suspected, and )ery unMustly too" ,ad experience has taught us in the past that it
is not sufficient that a medium should be all that is honest and fair, but that he had yet
to so appear" $he supposed cheating of /r" ,lade owing to the undoubted one of Mr"
#an&ester and !o" has now crystali.ed itself in +ndia into an axiomatic truth" $he fact
that the great *merican medium, has ne)er yet been pro)ed guilty on any
incontro)ertible testimony, disappears from the memory of the scoffer, the fool and
the sceptic, to lea)e instead but the one )i)id recollection@that of his unMust trial and
disgraceful sentence in #ondon"
*li)e to the abo)e, we would ne)er ad)ise a professional medium, unless he is a
coarseCfibered charlatan, to bring to +ndia his KangelCguides"L 9o gentleman ought to
e)er run such a ris&"
Page 2H
<et we must say that in the case in hand the loss is decidedly +ndiaQs, and not
Mr" 6glintonQs" ,ome hope to see him bac& in =une, but we doubt whether it will be
so" Many will be those who will regret his departure, and the opportunities lost unless
he returns" (ut it is too late in the day for useless regrets" +f his friends are really
worthy of that name, and if they are anxious to show themsel)es abo)e mere
phenomenaChunters, who regard the medium in no better light than an instrument
they ha)e hired at so much per hour, let them now use their influence to get Mr"
6glinton into a position which would place him abo)e e)ery ris& and peril of
professional mediumship" *mong his proselytes we ha)e heard of many an
'onourable, and of more than one official in high and influential position, for whom
it would be an easy tas& to underta&e"@+t now remains to be seen whether any one of
them will lift up a finger for the sa&e of ,!+69!6, $R;$' and 4*!$"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 95" H, ,upplement to *pril, 1223, p" DV
$o M" */6#(6R$' /6 (5;R(59, 4"$",",
,ecretary of the KPost 9ubila #ux $heos" ,ocQy"L
/6*R ,+R *9/ (R5$'6R,
+t is with deep regret and a profound and respectful sympathy for the widow and
children of our lamented (rother, Mr" $homas )on ,tol&, that e)ery member of our
,ociety will hear of the sad news from $he 'ague" Meanwhile, the Parent (ody and
the $heosophical ,ociety of (ombay beg to send, through me, the expression of their
heartfelt regrets and warm sympathies for their respected ,ister and 4ellowCMember,
Mrs" )on ,tol&" May she and her halfCorphaned children gather strength and
consolation in the con)iction that the memory of the good husband and &ind father
they ha)e lost, will ne)er die in the grateful hearts of those who &new him"
Page 22
Pray to con)ey to Mrs" )on ,tol& on behalf of our President, !olonel '" ," 5lcott,
and myself, the assurance of our personal condolence and regrets" $o many of us, the
late Mr" )on ,tol& is not dead, but only gone to a better and brighter existence"
(elie)e me, yours fraternally, and in profound sympathy,
'" P" (#*V*$,8<,
!orresponding ,ecQy, Parent $heos" ,ociety"
(ombay, March 1G,1223"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, ,upplement to *pril, 1223, p" GV
%hen the great poet and writer, !oleridge, tried to establish his %atchman@a
periodical in prose and )erse, intended to ad)ocate liberal opinions@owing partly to
its too learned and philosophical contents, and partly to the fact that its )iews were
not those which its supporters had expected, $he %atchman was dropped at the tenth
number" %ithout presuming to compare, in any way, our humble wor& and ability to
those of the most )ersatile genius of 6ngland, we may yet remar& that, luc&ier than
the poet, inasmuch as we had not yet to drop our publication, ne)ertheless we are
)ery often threatened to lose subscribers on the ground that the Mournal is too
profound for them to understand, and its matter too abstruse for the general reader"
$he obMection is an unreasonable one, since for one metaphysical article there are ten,
which are 1uite understandable by any one of general &nowledge, and we often
publish papers, which, as far e)en as nonspecialists are concerned, are li&ely to
awa&en their interest, if not to entirely meet their approbation"
Page 29
$hus, since the first appearance of $he $heosophist, we had to labour under a
)ariety of difficulties in order to please all our readers" ,ome wanted it less
philosophicalE others clamoured for more metaphysicsE many too& exception to the
spiritualistic or phenomenal element in itE while still more complained of being
unable to come to a definite conclusion in regard to the KbeliefsL and Kcreed of the
$heosophical ,ociety,L whose organ it was" *ll this is, as it should beE the )arious
complaints being a perfect test that our Mournal has hitherto carried out faithfully its
original programmeR namely, an impartial hearing to allE no dogmatism or
sectarianismE but a constant and patient wor& of in)estigation into, and comparing
notes with all and e)ery claim, which is held in common by either small or large
bodies of our fellowmen" $hat these claims, once laid down, were not always
followed by ade1uate explanations, and sometimes failed entirely in gi)ing their
raison dQetre, is no fault of ours, and no one could reasonably ta&e us to tas& for it" +t
certainly is not our pro)ince@e)en though we do defend the right of e)ery man to
hold to his particular )iew or )iews@to explain, least of all to support the )iews so
expressed" +n the first place, it would necessitate a uni)ersal &nowledge of things@an
omniscience we were ne)er so foolish and conceited as to lay claim toE and secondly,
e)en admitting the capability of the editor, in a few cases, to express her opinion
thereon, the explanation would pro)e worthless, since passing but through one side of
the lens of our personal opinion@it would naturally modify the whole aspect of the
thing" 'a)ing first of all to satisfy the Kthousand and oneL creeds, beliefs and )iews
of the members of the ,ociety, who belong to the greatest )ariety of creeds, beliefs
and )iews, $he $heosophist has to ma&e, as far as it can, room for all, and ha)ing
done so, to remain as impartial as possible under the circumstances" ,o narrowC
minded and bigoted is the maMority of the public that the person, liberal enough to
afford to his brother and fellowman the opportunity he loudly exacts for himself, is a
rara a)is indeed" 5ur =ournal@we say so with a Must pride@is the only one in the
whole world, which offers such opportunities to the adherents of e)ery religion and
philosophical system, or e)en ideas"
Page 9B
+t is for them to ma&e the best of the chance so offered, and we can do no more"
" " " " " " " " " " " "
%e draw the attention of our members to a new publication Must out@a small
pamphlet reprinted from the Missionary /nyInodaya, and headed Re)iew of a Report
of the Public *nni)ersary of the $heosophical ,ociety held in (ombay on =anuary
13, 1223" $hat our friends, the padris, are anxious to spread this newly published
misrepresentation of what was said during the Public *nni)ersary, is e)ident, since
e)eryone is in)ited to get copies of this pamphlet on application to the *ngloC
Vernacular Press in (ombay" %e Moin our )oice to that of our wellCwishersE we
cordially ad)ise e)eryone who reads $he $heosophist, and the ,ubodha Patri&a >see
/ecember D, 1221?, to secure a copy of the precious pamphlet, as therein he will find
once more how unreliable, cunning and shameless are some missionary organs, and
their supporters" 5ne of them, the ,atthia)artamans starts a falsehood in 5ctober or
so" +t is to the effect that, when the cocoanut was planted by our President in the
,i)ite temple at $inne)elly, Ka few days after, when the nati)e community began to
ta&e in the situation, the cocoanut had to be pulled up, and the temple had to be
purified of $heosophy and !olonel 5lcottL@a lie from first to last"@$he statement
was contradicted, dispro)ed, and shown what it was@a gratuitous calumny@on
/ecember D in $he $heosophist and yet, two months later, the editor of /nyInodaya
not only republishes and gi)es it a wide circulation, but actually en1uires in it with a
superb contempt for truthfulness, how it is that the President of our ,ociety did not
mention the fact, in his #ecture of =anuary 13thY K'e must ha)e &nown the final act
in that comedy, and it stri&es us as exceedingly disingenuous that he should ha)e
spo&en only of the first act and not of the finaleL@the pamphlet remar&s" 'ow this
obser)ation will stri&e e)ery honest reader@whether !hristian or heathen@
ac1uainted with the affair, need not be enlarged upon here" *n epithet ready to
characteri.e such a policy, will not fail to escape the readerQs lips as soon as he reads
the abo)e =esuitical obser)ation"
Page 91
*gain, the writer of the pamphlet catching at a straw, would ma&e his readers belie)e
that the ,ociety, or rather K$heosophy,L is trying to ma&e real the doctrine of the
4atherhood of :od >YY?, the Ksum of the religious opinion of the ,ociety,L and is,
therefore, Kbut what !hristianity itself teaches"L 9eedless to say that the K,ociety,L as
a body, neither teaches, nor Ktries to ma&e realL anything of the &ind" $his expression,
moreo)er, found no utterance during the meeting of the 13th of =anuaryE and neither
!olonel 5lcott, nor Mr" Mir.a, ha)ing e)er announced anything of the sort, it falls to
the ground and disco)ers in itself another untruth" 9or is the substance of what Mr"
Mir.a said on that day in 4ramMee 'all, to be understood to mean K*nything@true or
false@anything but !hristianity"L ,pea&ing for the Mohammedan section of our
,ociety, not for the whole (ody, what he said wasR K%e decline to admit the second
god which the !hristians would force on us " " " %e refuse to accept the /emiurge
=eho)ah, the tribal deity of an obscure ,hemite tribe, in preference to the
Mohammedan X*llah,Q the Prime)al /eity " " " %e refuse to accept semidar&ness
instead of such light, perfect or imperfect, as we may se)erally ha)e " " "L %e in)ite
the readers of the /nyInodaya pamphlet to read also the pamphlet >now being
distributed gratis to the amount of G,BBB copies by our (ombay ,ociety?, K$he %hole
$ruth about the $heosophical ,ociety and its 4ounders,L and the Report of the
,ociety with Mr" Mir.aQs speech in it@and compare" ,uch a deliberate misstatement
of facts and the assumption of that which is &nown to be false, by the writer, is utterly
contemptible" $he motto of the sons of #oyola to the effect that Kthe end Mustifies the
meansL has become that of the Protestant missionariesE and they ha)e no more the
right to thrust it into the teeth of the =esuits" *pplying to the truth and facts of the
/nyInodaya and other padris, the words which concluded Mr" Mir.aQs speech in
reference to !hristianity, we now sayR K%e will not ha)e them bac& torn, twisted, and
defiled" $a&e them awayYL
Page 93
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, *pril, 1223, ,upplement , pp" GC6V
$he Philosophic +n1uirer, of Madras, a wee&ly *ngloC$amil 4reethought
=ournal, has sent us its issue of March 19 with two editorials, and an article in it for
republication" %e thin& it but fair to our bra)e Madras colleague, to help him to
circulate the truth about that most disagreeable person@the perstreperous and
perspirati)e orator flung to us o)er the *tlantic by the (ostonians, who had enough of
him" ;nless we do so, and, by helping the fearless little /ra)idian champion help
truth to come to light, )ery soon all *merica and 6urope would be deluged with
missionary tracts spreading broadcast his shameless falsehoods, and still falser
reports about his imaginary triumphs in +ndia" +t is not because we would a)enge our
own wrongs@as, on the whole, that poor =" !oo& has done us more good than harm
@but, as it is useless to expect the soCstyled respectable secular *ngloC+ndian papers
the religious organs being out of 1uestion@to come out with a true account of
anything that is li&ely to be distasteful to some of their subscribers, we range
oursel)es@as we always do@on the side of the minority and of the wea&est" %ith
the exception of the Pioneer and the (ombay :a.ette, no other 6nglish paper in +ndia
we &now of, howe)er much itself Kfreethin&ingL >sub rosa, of course?, has hitherto
had the courage to pronounce Mr" !oo& what he really is@a brutal, coarse, and
)ulgar lecturer" $herefore, we gladly ma&e room in our =ournal for the honest, though
rather too outspo&en editorials of our esteemed colleague of Madras" May his
subscribers increase at the rate of his enemies"
Page 93
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" H, ,upplement, *pril, 1223, p" 2V
5wing to misrepresentations and conse1uent misunderstandings caused by our
mutual ignorance of each otherQs language, the learned Pandit /ayanand ,araswati
was pre)ailed upon, by our enemies, to deli)er a public lecture denouncing us
personally and our ,ociety collecti)ely, without e)en gi)ing us any notice of his
intentions" +n addition to this, he caused his statements to be printed, accusing us of
ha)ing KsoldL him and of ha)ing been unfaithful to our promises" 'e charges the
4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety with ha)ing first belie)ed in the +[)ara
preached by himE ac&nowledging him >the Pandit? as their spiritual guideE and with
ha)ing subse1uently become (uddhists and@finally 7oroastriansYYY
,uch extraordinary accusations need no comment" $he 4ounders ne)er belie)ed
in +[)ara as a personal godE they are (uddhists for many years and were so long
before they &new of ,wami or e)en before his *rya ,amaM had come into existenceE
and@he &new all this well %e had accepted and formed an alliance with him, not for
his religious doctrines, but, because@belie)ing him able to teach our members what
we thought he &new far better than we did >since he was a (rahmin <ogi for eight
years?, namely, <ogaCVidya@we had hoped to secure for our ,ociety perfect
instruction in the ancient (rahminical esoteric doctrine" +f any one was Ksold,L it was
the 4ounders, not the esteemed ,wami" 4or reasons best &nown to himself, howe)er,
while telling us pri)ately that <ogaCVidya must not be taught promiscuously as it was
a sacred mystery, he laughed at the ,piritualists, denounced e)ery spiritual and occult
phenomenon as a tamasha, a Muggling tric&, and poohCpoohed publicly that which we
all &now to be undoubted and genuine facts, capable of demonstration and
Page 9D
$hus we were laid under the necessity of accepting one of these two
conclusionsR either >1? he did not himself &now practical <ogaE or >3? he had
determined to &eep it secret from the present generation" *s we cannot persuade
oursel)es to belie)e the former, we shall submit to the latter alternati)e" 'enceforth
we will be content with our *rhat or (uddhist esotericism"
%ell, things ha)e now gone too far to be mended" %e had been repeatedly
warned by the orthodox Pandits as to the ,wamiQs true character, but@did not heed
them" $hough we ne)er agreed with his teachings from the )ery beginning, we ha)e
yet been faithful and true to him for three long years" %e respected him as a great
,ans&rit scholar and a useful ReformerE and, notwithstanding the difference in our
religious opinions, we ha)e supported him through thic& and thin" %e regret to be
unable to record as much of him" *s a conse1uence of all this, we declare the alliance
between the $heosophical ,ociety and the *rya ,amaM bro&en" 9ot for all the
alliances in the world shall we renounce what we consider to be $'6 $R;$'@or
pretend belief in that which we &now to be 4*#,6"
U$he (ombay :a.ette, *pril 3, 1223, p" 3V
$o the 6ditor of $he (ombay :a.etteR
,ince you refuse publishing my long letter, will you &indly insert this one@
merely to correct two gra)e mista&es + find in your todayQs editorial@unless it is
indeed your determined obMect to ma&e the K)eneratedL ,wami turn still more fiercely
upon usP
Page 9G
+ ne)er said that the *rya ,amaM Kbecame a branch of the $heosophical ,ociety,L
but only that, among se)eral other branches of our ,ociety, we had one established
solely for those $heosophists who were already *ryaC,amaMists, or desired to
recogni.e the Pandit as their ,piritual :uru" $his branch we called the K$heosophical
,ociety of the *ryaC,amaM of *rya)arta"L 9either the *ryaC,amaM nor the
$heosophical ,ociety, as a body, was e)er a branch of the other" $his incorrect notion
that the *ryaC,amaM may ha)e been ta&en as a branch of the $heosophical ,ociety,
was the )ery thorn in ,wamiQs side (oth the societies, as bodies, were perfectly
independent of each other, the K$heosophical section of the *ryaC,amaML being a
branch of both"
,till more do you err in saying that we ha)e been (uddhists Kfor a good many
months"L *s a body we belong to no religion" + myself am a (uddhist for many years,
and !olonel 5lcott has also been for se)eral years" $he )arious members, as
indi)iduals, ha)e a perfect right to &eep to their own particular faiths and creeds, but,
as theosophists, they belong to none"
<ours, etc",
'" P" (#*V*$,8<"
(ombay, March 31
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, pp" 191C193V
5ur respected contemporary, #ight, catches at an expression in a recent letter,
from one of the ,ecretaries of our ,ociety, to its 6ditor, transmitting a copy of a
(ombay paper for his information, and lectures us in a fatherly way upon our
bitterness towards !hristianity" +n a circular letter, addressed, by order of our
,ocietyQs !ouncil, to se)eral ,piritualistic newspapers, a loose expression was used
by the writer@a 'indu@namely, K!hristianity,L instead of Kdogmatic or exoteric
!hristianity,L which would ha)e been better"
Page 96
$his omission of adMecti)es is made the occasion for a se)ere admonition" %ell,
had a !hristian, in writing to #ight, said that it seemed a pity that %estern
,piritualists could not " " " reali.e that they >the !hristians? are their natural allies
against Korthodox (uddhism or (rahmanism, or any other heathenismL@we doubt
whether the expression would ha)e pro)o&ed such rebu&e" 5ur se)ere critic disli&es
the idea that men of the Re)" !oo& stamp should be ta&en as representati)es of that
religion" KMen of this type,L he says, Kdo no inMury except to the cause which they
may elect for the moment to ad)ocate" $he only surprising thing is that so discerning
a man as 6pes ,argent should ha)e ta&en any trouble about him" !olonel 5lcott says
that he is going to answer him, which, on the whole, is a pity" ,uch persons li)e and
gain notoriety by misrepresenting the answers of those who are indiscreet enough to
notice them"L $his is )ery sensible as a generali.ation, but scarcely applies to the
present case" Mr" !oo& had been not only adopted as the champion of !hristianity,
but heralded as such throughout all +ndia and !eylonE his lectures were loo&ed for as
the longCexpected death stro&e to 'induism and &indred superstitionsE the !hristian
community turned out en masse to hear himE eminently respectable *ngloC+ndian
officials ser)ed as his !hairmenE and his coarse and false diatribes against the
$heosophical ,ociety and its 4ounders were applauded )ociferously by his !hristian
friends" +f we had &ept silence, we should ha)e done great inMury to our standing
throughout *sia, and the imploring appeal of the Re)" ,paar to :od to send the
roaring and plan&Ccrushing !oo& to shut our mouths would ha)e been regarded as
answered" *nother reason why we could not treat this contemptible coward with the
scornful silence he deser)ed, was that he laid his impious hand upon the religions of
our *siatic brothers, tal&ed of ha)ing the :o)ernment force !hristianity upon the
pupils in the :o)ernment schoolsE and used the strongest expressions to signify his
personal loathing for the Vedas and other *siatic sacred boo&s" $his was so gross an
insult to the feelings of people whose interests are our interests, whose cause is our
cause, that we too& up the challenge on their behalf 1uite as much as our own"
Page 9H
*nd now let this wretched agitator pass out into the obli)ion he deser)es"
5ne word in this connection must be said" %e &now 1uite as well as #ight that,
in point of fact, the !oo&s and $almadges of !hristendom do not represent the sweet
doctrine of the Master they audaciously pretend to follow" +f our contemporary will
honour us by reading the preface to the second )olume of +sis ;n)eiled, he will see
our real sentiment expressed upon this point" %e &now hundreds, no doubt, of men
and women whose lo)ely li)es reflect a charming beauty upon their professed faith"
(ut these no more represent the a)erage@or what may be called the practical,
executi)e and real !hristianityC@than an *)erroes or a =alIl alCdJn reflects the tone
of executi)e and popular Mohammedanism" +f our contemporary were to put his
fingers in the missionary )ice along with ours, he would &now how it was himself,
and perhaps not lecture us in so paternal a tone" $he test of Philosophy is always best
made under circumstances which Ktry menQs soulsLE one can be charmingly serene
when far away from the field of battle" #et anyone, who aspires to the martyrQs
crown, come to +ndia and !eylon, and help us in trying to establish a society on the
basis of $olerance and (rotherhood" 'e would then find of what stuff the a)erage
!hristian is made, and might well be pardoned if, in the rush of his righteous
indignation, he should e)en tal& as though a religion that had hatched such )ermin
and begotten a $or1uemada, were itself an enemy of the whole human family"
!ertainly it is not that, and most assuredly it is far better than the general run of its
professors" %e do accept !hristians as members of our ,ociety, and, in fact, a
!hristian clergyman was one of its 4ounders" %e do belie)e that a !hristian is as
much entitled@though no more entitled@to the undisturbed enMoyment of his belief,
as any otherE and, as !olonel 5lcott )ery emphatically said in his address at our
recent *nni)ersary Meeting at (ombay@K4rom the day when the !hristians will li)e
up to their soCcalled X:olden Rule " " "Q you will ne)er hear a word spo&en or see a
line written by us against the missionaries or their religion"
Page 92
L %e do not need any prophet to tell us that we are getting no more than was in the
contractE and that theoretically we ha)e no right to e)en wince when the missionary
party calls us ad)enturers, liars, and all that sort of thing" %e try to be humble, but
our humanity is )olcanic and rebelliousE still, we are not without hope that, in time,
we may be able to rather enMoy a run through the Kupper and nether millstonesL of the
Padris" Meanwhile, we implore our e1uanimous friend of #ight, who holds the torch
amid the #ondon fogs, to remember that ,ha&espeare wroteR
K#et the galled Made wince, 5ur withers are unwrungLZ
@and draw the ob)ious moral therefrom"
5ur circular letter was written in the most friendly spirit" +n our innocence, we
had belie)ed that we were doing our duty in warning the ,piritualists of the
)ilifications poured on their and our heads by a common enemy@the sophomoric
!oo& who was shouting through +ndia as a !hristian champion" %e did not e)en
dream that our letter would ha)e pro)o&ed such a )ery unfriendly answer" $o one
portion of that answer particularly we must positi)ely ta&e exception" %hat we said
se)en years ago in regard to ,piritualism, we say now" %e ne)er described
,piritualism Kin terms of almost un1ualified reprobation,L nor, are we li&ely to
modify our terms e)en temporarily on Kremonstrance"L (ut we always regarded
mediumship as a peril" *part from this, it is all well and good" 5ur alliance and
friendly o)ertures may not be needed, but why brea& chairs o)er our headsP
Z U'amlet, *ct +++, ,c" ii, 3G6CGH"V
Page 99
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, pp" 193C196V
U$he article is a re)iew by ,ubba Row of %illiam 5xleyQs wor& $he Philosophy
of ,pirit, which the re)iewer examines Kfrom the 6soteric and (rahmanical
,tandpoint"L '" P" (" has appended footnotes to certain sentences or words of the
UMan)antaraV $he period of Regeneration, or the acti)e life of the uni)erse
between two Pralayas or uni)ersal /estructionsR the former being called the KdayL
and the latter the KnightL of (rahmI"
U<a&shaV $he earthCspirit or :nome"
U:andhar)aV *&in to the !hristian cherub or singing seraph" $here are, says
*thar)a Veda >(&" F+, 'ymn V, 3?, 6333 :andhar)as in their #o&a"
U5rdinary initiateV *n initiate of the preliminary degrees"
U*hamatmaV $he K+ *M, $'*$ + *ML of the (iblical =eho)ah, the K+ *M %'5
+ *M,L or KMa.daoL of *hurama.da in the 7end *)esta, etc" *ll these are names for
the Hth principle in man"
U8rishna " " " spea&s of K*diC(uddhaL@the state or condition represented by
Prana)a@in the succeeding )erses"V
'ence, the great )eneration of the (uddhists for (haga)adgita"
UK" " " " he spea&s of *diC(uddha, as if it were merely a state or condition"LV
K*diC(uddhaL creates the four celestial (uddhas or K/hyans,L in our esoteric
Page 1BB
+t is but the gross misinterpretation of 6uropean 5rientalists, entirely ignorant of
the *rhat doctrine, that ga)e birth to the absurd idea that the #ord :autama (uddha is
alleged to ha)e created the fi)e /hyanis or celestial (uddhas" *diC(uddha, or, in one
sense, 9ir)ana, KcreatingL the four (uddhas or degrees of perfection@is pregnant
with meaning to him who has studied e)en the fundamental principles of the
(rahmanical and *rhat esoteric doctrines"
UK$he ancient Rishis of *rya)arta ha)e ta&en considerable pains to impress
upon the minds of their followers that the human spirit >Hth principle? has a dignity,
power and sacredness which cannot be claimed by any other :od, /e)a or angel of
the 'indu Pantheon"LV
+n )iew of this, :autama (uddha, after his initiation into the mysteries by the
old (rahman, 'is :uru, renouncing gods, /e)as and personal deity, feeling that the
path to sal)ation lay not in )ainglorious dogmas, and the recognition of a deity
outside of oneself, renounced e)ery form of theism and@became (uddha, the one
enlightened" K*ham e)a param (rahma,L + am myself a (rahma >a god?, is the motto
of e)ery +nitiate"
UKVyasa does not exactly mean a recorderE but " " " one who expands or
+n no case can the term be translated as KRecorder,L we should say" Rather a
KRe)ealer,L who explains the mysteries to the neophyte or candidate for initiation by
expanding and amplifying to him the meaning"
UK$his term >Vyasa? was applied to the 'ighest :uru in +ndia in ancient timeE
and the author will be able to find in the #inga Purana that the author of the
Mahabharata was the 32th Vyasa in the order of succession" + shall not now attempt to
explain the real meaning of the 32 incarnations therein mentioned" " " "LV
$o one, who has e)en a )ague notion how the mysteries of old were conducted,
and of the present *rhat system in $ibet )aguely termed the KReincarnation ,ystemL
of the $aleyC#amas, the meaning will be clear" $he chief 'ierophant who imparted
the KwordL to his successor had to die bodily"
'"P" (#*V*$,8<
Portrait ta&en by 6dsall Photographic ,tudio in 9ew <or& most
#i&ely about the time she went to +ndia in 12H2"

M*=5RC:696R*# '69R< R'5/6, M5R:*9
'e and his wife, 6llen 'enrietta, were faithful friends of the
4ounders and helped them in )arious ways during their early years in
+ndia" $hey resided at 5otacamund, in the 9Jlgiri 'ills, where all
their ten children were born"
Page 1B1
6)en Moses dies after ha)ing laid his hands upon =oshua, who thus became Kfull of
the spirit of wisdom of Moses,L and@it is the K#ordL who is said to ha)e buried him"
$he reason why Kno man &noweth of his sepulchre unto this day,L is plain to an
5ccultist who &nows anything of the supreme initiation" $here cannot be two
K'ighestL :urus or 'ierophants on earth, li)ing at the same time"
UMahatmasV K:rand ,oulsL in literal translationE a name gi)en to the great
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, pp" 19HC192V
U$he author of this article, identified only by three stars, in the course of his
explanation of the difference between yogis and mediums, saysR K*s the magnetic
power is directed to any particular faculty, so that faculty at once forms a direct line
of communication with the spirit, which, recei)ing the impressions, con)eys them
bac& to the physical body"L $o this '" P" (la)ats&y remar&sRV
,ixth principle@spiritual soul"
+n the normal or natural state, the sensations are transmitted from the lowest
physical to the highest spiritual body, i"e", from the first to the 6th principle >the Hth
being no organi.ed or conditioned body, but an infinite, hence unconditioned
principle or state?, the faculties of each body ha)ing to awa&en the faculties of the
next higher one, to transmit the message in succession, until they reach the last,
when, ha)ing recei)ed the impression, the latter >the spiritual soul? sends it bac& in an
in)erse order to the body"
Page 1B3
'ence, the faculties of some of the KbodiesL >we use this word for want of a
better term? being less de)eloped, they fail to transmit the message correctly to the
highest principle, and thus also fail to produce the right impression upon the physical
senses, as a telegram may ha)e started for the place of its destination faultless, and
ha)e been bungled up and misinterpreted by the telegraph operator at some
intermediate station" $his is why some people, otherwise endowed with great
intellectual powers and percepti)e faculties, are often utterly unable to appreciate@
say, the beauties of nature, or some particular moral 1ualityE as, howe)er perfect their
physical intellect@unless the original, material or rough physical impression
con)eyed has passed in a circuit through the sie)e of e)ery KprincipleL@>from 1, 3,
3, D, G, 6, up to H, and down again from H, 6, G, D, 3, 3, to 9o" 1?@and that e)ery
Ksie)eL is in good order@the spiritual perception will always be imperfect" $he <ogi,
who, by a constant training and incessant watchfulness, &eeps his septenary
instrument in good tune and whose spirit has obtained a perfect control o)er all, can,
at will, and by paralysing the functions of the four intermediate principles,
communicate from body to spirit and )ice )ersa@direct"
U$he author saysR K$he <ogi forms a direct connection between his spiritual soul
and any faculty, and, by the power of his trained will, that is by magnetic influence,
concentrates all his powers in the soul, which enables him to grasp the subMect of his
en1uiry and con)ey it bac& to the physical organs, through the )arious channels of
communication"L '"P"(" addsRV
5r@direct, which is oftener the case, we belie)e"
U$he author also saysR K+f he desires to tra)erse space in spirit, this is easily done
by him by transferring the faculty of will" " " "L '"P"(" addsRV
4rom the physical to the ,piritual body and concentrating it there, as we
understand it"
Page 1B3
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, p" 199V
U,e)eral accounts are gi)en of the phenomenal feats of the remar&able
Mohammedan sorcerer, 'assan 8han, nic&named K=inniL from his alleged power
o)er some of the 6lemental ,pirits, which go under that name among the
Mohammedans" $hese testimonies were collected by !olonel 5lcott while on a )isit
to #uc&now" $he stories recount )arious phenomena produced by 'assan 8han, such
as the falling of bric&s and sandCshowers" $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
$his highly interesting particular should recall to the reader the article on
K,toneC,howersL which appeared in $he $heosophist for *ugust, 1221" +n that
connection we protested against the theory of the ,piritualists that this class of
phenomena is due to the agency of disembodied human spirits, and suggested that
they went to pro)e the existence of pran&ish natureCelementals" $he =innat or =inn of
the 5riental demonology are of this class, as the reader of the *rabian 9ights will
remember" $hey can be made subser)ient to one who has learned the secret of their
subMugation by occult means" 5nly those who would belie)e that we consider them as
beings of any sort@least of all intelligent beings@will be )ery much mista&en"
Page 1BD
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, p" 3B3V
U,pea&ing of the triune nature of man, the writer explains the relation between
spirit, soul, and body, and says that Kman, too, has the trinity within himself"L $o this
'" P" (" remar&s thatRV
$he se)enC&notted bambooCstaff of the <ogi is also a Ktrinity,L since, li&e
e)erything else, it has two poles or ends and one middle part, yet the stic& is a unity,
so is matter, whether we call its upper subMecti)e end spirit or its lower end@
crystalli.ed spirit"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, May, 1223, p" 311V
5ur old friend, $he ,piritualist, died of inanition, but has resurrected under the
'ellenic alias of Psyche" +n short, it might be said that, out of the inanimate corpse of
Mr" 'arrisonQs first lo)e, has sprung a new soul to woo the fic&le public bac& to its
allegiance" $he ,piritualist, on the whole, treated us harshly, too often laying the
truncheon o)er our editorial head" %e wanted to please it, but could notE and, Must
when things were seemingly at the worst, our censor died the Mournalistic death, and
cut off fore)er our chance for a good place in its boo&s"
Page 1BG
%e may now start afresh and, warned by experience, must deport oursel)es so
as to command the amity, if not the alliance, of Psyche" $he new Mournal is
handsomely printed on good paper, and, with its )ermilion columnCrules and initials,
ma&es a gay, not to say Maunty, appearance for an organ of transcendental science" $he
contents of the first number are interesting, a paper on the ,phygmographic >pulseC
measuring? 6xperiments of /r" Purdon on Kspiritual mediumsL leading us decidedly
in the right direction" Mediumship, in truth, lac&s nothing so much as thorough
scientific in)estigationE for, until the pathological and psychical conditions of the
medium are perfectly &nown, ,piritualists will not be in a way to &now what may or
may not be ascribed to intracorporeal agency, in the phenomena of the sSance room"
Psyche starts with our good wishes for its prosperity"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 2, ,upplement, May, 1223, pp" GC6V
'ow little the Kbeliefs and creedsL of the $heosophical ,ociety@which has no
belief or creed@are understood by the a)erage public in +ndia after three years of
constant explanations, may be inferred by the letter that follows" !rude and childish
as it is, yet, finding in it the echo of the public bigotry and blindness to facts and
practical proofs, we gi)e it room in our ,upplement" ;nless we are greatly mista&en,
it was written under the direct inspiration@than which there is not a more bigoted or
more intolerant one the world o)er@we mean that of a Protestant missionary"
U$hen follows the letter abo)e mentioned" $he sentences to which '" P" ("
replied in footnotes appear below in small type, immediately followed by her
Page 1B6
+s K$heosophyL a religion, or a beliefP /oes the $heosophical ,ociety propagate
any &ind of belief >directly or indirectly?P
;seless to repeat that which was asserted o)er and o)er again@namely, that the
$heosophical ,ociety, as a body, has no religion"
$he $heosophical ,ociety comprises three sections, and each section comprises
three classes" + as& whether there is a single member recogni.ed as of the first or
second section who is permitted >according to the rules of those sections? to retain his
orthodox religious )iewsP
Most undoubtedly e)ery one of them is allowed to do so if he li&esE but whether,
after learning the truth, he will do so and persist in his dogmatic )iews, is another
K5ccultismL dispro)es the truth of miracles >superhuman powers ?"
Most undoubtedly it does" +t reMects the )ery idea of there being anything
supernatural >i"e", abo)e, below, or outside of nature? in this infinite ;ni)erse@as a
stupendous fallacy"
K5ccultism,L then, affects all the popular faiths of this planet, which claim to be
of di)ine origin >i"e", re)ealed by :od to man miraculously through some prophet?"
$o KclaimL is one thing, and Kto beL@and pro)e it@is 1uite another"
+n short K5ccultismL teaches that Paul, Moses, !onfucius, Mahomet, 7oroaster,
and (uddha were liars and decei)ers when they said that they recei)ed /i)ine
%e would ad)ise our young friend to study a subMect before he presumes to
spea& of it" (uddha ne)er claimed to ha)e recei)ed K/i)ine +nspiration,L since
(uddha reMected the )ery idea of a god, whether personal or impersonal" $herefore,
5ccultism does not teach that he was a Kliar,L nor does it gi)e that abusi)e epithet@
so generously bestowed by the !hristian padris on all and e)ery other prophet but
their own@any more to Moses, than to Mahomet, or 7oroaster, least of all to
!onfucius, since, no more than :autama (uddha, has that great sage e)er claimed
Kdi)ineL inspiration"
Page 1BH
K,enexL goes on to say that K$heosophyL is a speculation of certain )isionaries
who pretend to be able to hold direct communication with the /eity and to direct and
combat the influence of the /eity >the ,upreme K#ightL? by the medium of :enii,
>spirits?, or demons, or by the agency of stars or fluids >as electricity?"
+f our correspondent is unable to appreciate Mournalistic humour and wit, and
ta&es the definition copied out by K,enexL from %ebsterQs /ictionary as :ospel
$ruth, we cannot help him to more intuiti)e perceptions than he is endowed with"
+ see no difference between K5ccultismL of the $heosophists and K,piritualismL
as professed by 7\llner, Mrs" 'auffe, 6glinton, ,lade, and a score of other mediums
in the ;nited ,tates"
$his is to be deplored, but so long as our correspondent will rush into print to
discuss subMects he &nows nothing about, he is sure to commit such ridiculous
(ishop ,argent informs us that the &ingCcocoanut, planted by !olonel 5lcott
and the $inne)elly (rothers in the templeCyard of the :reat Pagoda of $inne)elly,
was soon after remo)ed, and that the whole templeCyard had to be ceremonially
purified of the contamination it had thus contracted by the intrusion of the foreigner"
%hich only pro)es that (ishop ,argent also spea&s of what he &nows nothing
about, or gladly repeats unpro)ed missionary calumnies" >,ee the remar&s under the
heading KMil& for (abes and ,trong Meat for Men"L?Z
<et !olonel 5lcott ma&es no mention of this in his address at the 4ramMee
!owasMee +nstitute"
Pleading KguiltyL to ne)er reading or paying attention to missionary and other
pious organs, and not being endowed with omniscient clair)oyance to help him to
follow the constant intrigues of their editors and their in)entions against our ,ociety
and its 4ounders, !olonel 5lcott could not KmentionL that which he was not aware of,
namely that, after the calumny had been well spread by our mee& and humble
missionaries and as effecti)ely shown to be false, no less a personage than a K(ishopL
would ta&e it up, and circulate what he &new was a malicious falsehood"
Z Upp" 22C91 of the present Volume"@!ompiler"V
Page 1B2
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 31GC316V
5ld readers will recollect our desire, long ago expressed, that some respectable
(rahmo would underta&e, in these columns, a candid exposition of the )iews of his
,amaM" 4riends, in both 6urope and *merica, ha)e as&ed for some authoritati)e
statement of (rahmoism, that the %est might intelligently study the present drift of
*siatic thought in the channel opened, half a century ago >*"/" 123B?, by the
religious fer)our and bright genius of Ram Mohun Roy" $heir desire, and ours, is at
last gratified" +n the present number is printed the first instalment of a discourse upon
K'indu $heism,L by a man whose spotless pri)ate character and pious sincerity ha)e
won the respect and confidence of multitudes of his countrymen, e)en of those who
do not at all sympathi.e with his )iews, or his sectQs, upon religious 1uestions" $he
(rahmic !hurch of +ndia was, as is &nown, founded by the late RaMa Ram Mohun
Roy on the lines of a pure $heism, though not announced as a sect" 9o country can
boast a purer or holier son than was this +ndian reformer" $he RaMa died in 6ngland in
1231, and, for the next few years, his mo)ement languished under the leadership of a
)ery nobleChearted man, Pandit Ramchandra Vidyabagish" +n 1232, the leadership fell
into the hands of (abu /ebendra 9ath $agore, a (engali gentleman of high family,
and of a sweetness of character and loftiness of aim e1ual to that of the late RaMa" +n
e)ery respect he was worthy to wear the mantle of the 4ounder and able to ta&e upon
himself the chief burden of the 'erculean wor& he had begun" 5f the bright minds
who clustered about them, the most conspicious and promising were (abus, RaM
9arain (ose, 8eshab !hander ,en, and ,i)anath ,hastri"
Page 1B9
4or years they wor&ed together for the common cause without discord, and the
(rahmic !hurch was a unit" (ut the infirmities of human nature by degrees opened
breaches which resulted in the setting up of schismatic ,amaMis, and the primiti)e
(rahmoism was first split into two and, later, into three churches" $he first and, as
claimed, original one is &nown as the *di (rahmo ,amaM, of which the now
)enerable and always e1ually re)ered (abu /ebendra 9ath $agore is theoretically,
but (abu RaM 9arain (ose practically@owing to the retirement of the former to a life
of religious seclusion at Mussooree@the chief" $he latter gentleman may also be
almost said to be in retirement, since he li)es at /eoghur, (engal, an almost
exclusi)ely contemplati)e life" $he second ,amaM comprises a small group which has
followed the lead of (abu 8eshab !hander ,en out of his K(rahmo ,amaM of
+ndiaL@as his first schism was called@down the slippery road to the 1uagmire of
+nfallibility, /irect Re)elation, and *postolic ,uccession, where he has planted the
gaudy sil&en flag of his 9ew /ispensation, beside the pontifical banner of the Pope
of Rome" *t !alcutta, we were told that of actual disciples he can scarcely count
more than fiftyCfi)e, though his mar)ellous elo1uence always commands large
audiences of interested hearers" +t was also the unanimous testimony to us of his
friends, as well as foes, that (abu 8eshabQs influence is rapidly dying out, and that,
after his death, not e)en the mar&ed ability of his cousin and chief assistant, (abu
Protab !handra Mo.umdar, is li&ely to hold the ,amaM together" $he third branch of
the original (rahmo ,amaM of Ram Mohun Roy is called the ,adharan (rahmo
,amaM, and headed by Pandit ,i)anath ,hastri, who is a gentleman of unblemished
character, modest disposition, a wellCread ,ans&ritist, and a good, though not
exceptional, orator"
%e ha)e had 1uite recently the great pleasure of reading a pamphlet by Pandit
,i)anath ,hastri, in which the history of the (rahmic mo)ement is clearly and ably
s&etched, and which the reader would do well to procure from the author"
Page 11B
5ur %estern friends, especially who ha)e such incorrect ideas of (abu 8eshabQs
character and relationship with contemporary (rahmoism, will be startled and
shoc&ed to read Pandit ,i)anathQs Mudicially calm analysis of the career of his
1uondam colleague towards the worst abomination@from Ram Mohun RoyQs point
of )iew@of personal leadership and rec&less egoism" *nd one thing, as bad as bad
can be, is not gi)en in this pamphlet, )i.", that on the day of the last annual
celebration of an idolatrous festi)al at !alcutta, (abu 8eshab allowed his disciples to
bathe his person, bedec& it with garlands, and put him in a swing as the 'indus put
their idols, and swing him as though he were a di)ine being" (eyond this, there is
scarcely any extra)agance of childish )anity to be guilty of" $he intelligent reader
will easily deduce from it what fate is in store for this branch of a once noble tree"
$he discourse of (abu RaM 9arain (ose, now to be gi)en in these columns,
though deli)ered in (engali in the year 12H3, has ne)er until now appeared in an
6nglish dress" $he learned and most esteemed author has re)ised his translation and
generously placed it at our disposal" *s the portions successi)ely appear, they will be
put into type at the ,amaM Press, in (engal, and when our last instalment is printed,
the author will publish the entire lecture in pamphlet form" $he *di (rahmo ,amaM is
nearest of the three to being orthodox, and least re)olutionary as regards 'induism"
+ts managers wisely &eep a good deal of what is excellent in their national religion,
instead of flinging, so to say, the family treasures out of the windows and clamouring
for new lamps" $hey find 'induism to be a pure and essential $heism, and ha)e laid
down their new church on that foundation" +t is not our pro)ince to express an outside
opinion upon a subMect whose exegesis, we concei)e, should be left to its own
authori.ed teachers" $he $heosophist was originally announced as a tribune from
which all religions might be expounded by their best menE and so it will e)er be"
Page 111
+n conclusion, we must note the coincidence that, upon the )ery heel of the
,wamiQs defection, comes a most cordial greeting from (abu RaM 9arain (ose, leader
of another 'indu society, and a man whose approbation and friendship is worth
ha)ing" +n a letter >of date *pril 3rd? to !olonel 5lcott, he saysR K+t is the mar)el of
mar)els that a stranger should come to +ndia from the far, far %est to rouse her from
the sleep of ages, and wor& as a 'indu with 'indus for the regeneration of the 'indu
nation" 'ad the system of Purana writing been still in )ogue this strange e)ent would
ha)e been narrated in stri&ing allegoriesYL
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, p" 312V
%e copy the following letter from the (ombay :a.ette of *pril Dth, not for its
bearing upon the recent Kunpleasantness,L but to preser)e, in our record, the e)idence
of an act of true unselfish loyalty to the cause of $heosophy" $he public position of
the writer of the letter might well ha)e been made a pretext to &eep silence@if
silence could, in any such case, be e)er excusable" (ut chi)alrous natures li&e this do
what is right first, and then only thin& what expediency might ha)e demanded" $hese
are the men to ma&e a good cause succeedR the strength of our ,ociety lies in their
5n the day following the unexpected denunciation of us, at a public lecture, by our
exCfriend and ally@whom we had always in *merica, 6ngland and +ndia defended
against his enemies@when, li&e ,capin in the play, he, so to say, rolled us up in a
sac& and laid on lustily, the (ombay :a.ette, in a long editorial upon the unpleasant
e)ent, innocently remar&edR K$he assurance that the $heosophists Uread K!olonel
5lcott and Madame (la)ats&yLV &now nothing of occult science is depressing" %hat
will Mr" ,innett sayP %as not his )aluable wor& on the X5ccult %orldQ founded
wholly on the occult information he obtained from themPL
Page 113
$he gentleman, so unexpectedly dragged into the treacherous Kplay,L made at once
the following answerR
U4ollows Mr" *" P" ,innettQs letter, in which he defends the $heosophical ,ociety
and its 4ounders, and )ouches for the genuineness of the occult phenomena that he
had witnessed"V
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 333C333V
*n *ngloC+ndian paper of Madras spea&s thus of the telephoneR
$he wonders of science bid fair to grow more wonderful" $he latest addition, to
the mar)els of electricity, is a telephone which ma&es a con)ersation distinctly
audible e)en when it is not connected with any wire" *ll that is necessary is that this
mar)ellous instrument should be held within a few feet of the end of a wire connected
at its other end with a transmitter" $hen, when the ear is applied to the telephone, the
words, which are being spo&en far away, instantly become audible, and, as if by
magic, the silent room is filled with the sound of distant )oices" $he fact that the
telephone can thus, without any immediate connection with the electric wire, bring to
life again, as it were, the wa)es of sound which ha)e died away into silence, is a
remar&able one, and seems to suggest that we are merely at the beginning of the
achie)ements of this mar)ellous little instrument" +t ought certainly, we should thin&,
be easy for a person pro)ided with a telephone of this &ind to hear a spea&er at a
much greater distance in any public room than is possible now"
%ere we to remar& to this that there are other and still less bul&y and obMecti)e
apparatuses in existence as yet un&nown to science, which enable a person to hear
any spea&er he li&es to choose and at any distance, and e)en to see him@the Madras
,tandard would scoff at the idea" *nd yet, hardly ten years bac&, the bare mention of
the possibilities of the telephone and the phonograph@both bringing bac& to life
again Kthe wa)es of sound which ha)e died away into silenceL@would ha)e been
regarded as the fiction of a lunaticY
Page 113
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 333C33DV
$o the 6ditor of $he $heosophist"
Madame,@4rom time to time + ha)e been grie)ed to notice, in $he $heosophist,
notes, and e)en articles, that appeared to me 1uite inconsistent with the fundamental
principles of our ,ociety" (ut of late, in connection with Mr" !oo&Qs idle strictures on
us, passages ha)e appeared, ali&e in $he $heosophist and in other publications issued
by the ,ociety, so utterly at )ariance with that spirit of uni)ersal charity and
brotherhood, which is the soul of $heosophy, that + feel constrained to draw your
attention to the serious inMury that such )iolations of our principles are inflicting on
the best interests of our ,ociety"
+ Moined the ,ociety fully bent upon carrying out those principles in their
integrity@determined to loo& henceforth upon all men as friends and brothers and to
forgi)e, nay, to ignore all e)il said of or done to me, and though + ha)e had to mourn
o)er lapses >for though the spirit be willing, the flesh is e)er wea&? still + ha)e, on the
whole, been enabled to li)e up to my aspirations"
+n this calmer, purer life, + ha)e found peace and happiness, and + ha)e, of late,
been anxiously endea)ouring to extend to others the blessing + enMoy" (ut, alasY this
affair of Mr" !oo&, or rather the spirit in which it has been dealt with by the 4ounders
of the ,ociety and those acting with them, seems destined to pro)e an almost
hopeless barrier to any attempts to proselyti.e" 5n all sides + am met by the reply@
K;ni)ersal brotherhood, lo)e and charityP 4iddlestic&sY +s thisL >pointing to a letter
republished in a pamphlet issued by the ,ociety? Kbreathing insult and )iolence, your
)aunted ;ni)ersal (rotherhoodP +s thisL >pointing to a long article reprinted in the
Philosophic +n1uirer in the *pril number of $he $heosophist? Kinstinct with hatred,
malice, and contempt, this tissue of (illingsgate, your idea of uni)ersal #o)e and
!harityP %hy man, + donQt set up for a saint@+ donQt profess to forgi)e my enemies,
but + do hope and belie)e that + could ne)er disgrace myself by dealing in this strain,
with any ad)ersary, howe)er unworthy, howe)er bitter"L
Page 11D
%hat can + replyP %e all reali.e that, suddenly attac&ed, the best may, on the spur of
the moment, stung by some shameful calumny, some biting falsehood, reply in angry
terms" ,uch temporary departures from the golden rule, all can understand and
forgi)e@6rrare est humanum@and caught at a disad)antage thus, a momentary
transgression will not affect any Must manQs belief in the general good intentions of the
transgressor" (ut what defence can be offered for the deliberate publication, in cold
blood, of expressions, nay sentences, nay entire articles, redolent with hatred, malice
and all uncharitablenessPZ
+s it for us, who enMoy the blessed light, to imitate a poor unenlightened creature
>whom we should pity and pray for? in the use of )iolent languageP *re we, who
profess to ha)e sacrificed the demons of pride and self upon the *ltar of $ruth and
#o)e, to turn and ra)e, and stri)e to rend e)ery poor rudimentary who, unable to
reali.e our )iews and aspirations, misrepresents these and )ilifies usP +s this the
lesson $heosophy teaches usP *re these the fruits her di)ine precepts are to bring
6)en though we, one and all, li)ed in all ways strictly in accordance with the
principles of the ,ociety, we should find it hard to win our brothers in the world to
Moin us in the rugged path" (ut what hope is there of winning e)en one stray soul, if
the )ery mouthpiece of the ,ociety is to trumpet out a defiance of the cardinal tenet
of the associationP
+t has only been by acting consistently up to his own teachings, by himself
li)ing the life he preached, that any of the worldQs great religious reformers has e)er
won the hearts of his fellows"
Z 5ur esteemed critic, in his desire to ha)e us forgi)e our enemies, and so come up to the true
$heosophic standard, unconsciously wrongs us, his friends and brothers" Most undeniably, there is
great uncharitableness of spirit running through our defence of the ,ociety and our pri)ate
reputations against the aspersions of Mr" !oo&" (ut we deny that there has been any inspiration in
us from the e)il demons of KhatredL and Kmalice"L $he most, that can be charged against us, is that
we lost our tempers, and tried to retaliate upon our calumniator in his own language@and that is
1uite bad enough to ma&e us deser)e a part of our friendQs castigation"@>,ee our reply to
Page 11G
$hin&, now, if the (lessed (uddha, assailed, as he passed, with a handful of dirt
by some naughty little urchin wallowing in a gutter, had turned and cursed, or &ic&ed
the miserable little imp, where would ha)e been the religion of #o)e and PeaceP %ith
such a demonstration of his precepts before them, (uddha might ha)e preached, not
through one, but through se)enty times se)en li)es, and the world would ha)e
remained unmo)ed"
(ut this is the &ind of demonstration of (uddhaQs precepts that the 4ounders of
our ,ociety persist in gi)ing to the world" #et any poor creature, ignorant of the
higher truths, blind to the brighter light, abuse or insult, nay, e)en find fault with
them@and lo, in place of lo)ing pity, in lieu of returning good for e)il, straightway
they fume and rage, and hurl bac& imprecations and anathemas, which e)en the
maMority of educated gentlemen, howe)er worldly, howe)er ignorant of spiritual
truths, would shrin& from employing"
$hat the message of $heosophy is a di)ine one, none more fully than
myself, but this message might as well ha)e remained unspo&en, if those, who bear it,
so disregard its purport as to con)ince the world that they ha)e no faith in it"
+t is not by words, by sermons or lectures, that true con)iction is to be brought
home to our brothersQ hearts around us, but by actions and li)es in harmony with our
precepts" +f +, or other humble disciples, stumble at times, the cause may ne)ertheless
prosper, but if the ,ociety, which should sail under the RedCcrossed snowy flag of
those who succour the )ictims of the fray, is, on the slightest pro)ocation, to run up at
the masthead >and that is what $he $heosophist is to us? the (lac& 4lag with sanguine
bla.onry, Public 5pinion, will, and rightly so, sin& us with one broadside without
further parley"
+ enclose my card and remain
<ours obediently,
*pril 3H, 1223"
%6 R6P#<
%e )ery willingly publish this epistle >though it most unceremoniously ta&es us
to tas& and, while inculcating charity, scarcely ta&es a charitable )iew of our
position?, first, because, our desire is that e)ery section of the ,ociety should be
represented, and there are other members of it, we &now, who agree with our
correspondentE and secondly, because, though we must hold his complaints to be
greatly exaggerated, we are ready at once to own that there may ha)e been, at times,
)ery good grounds for *#6$'6+*Q, protest"
Page 116
(ut he o)erdoes it" 'e ta&es the part not of Mudge, but of the counsel for the
prosecutionE and he puts e)erything in the worst light and ignores e)erything that can
be ad)anced for the defence" %e &now that he is sincere@we &now that to him
$heosophy has become a sacred reality@but with Kthe fiery .eal that con)erts feel,L
he ta&es an exaggerated )iew of the gra)ity of the situation" 'e seems to forget that
as he himself says Kto err is human,L and that we do not pretend to be wiser or better
than other mortals" 5)erloo&ing all that has been well and wisely done, fixing his
eyes solely >surely this is not charity? on e)ery shadow of an error, he denounces us
as if we were the worst enemies of that cause for which, be our shortcomings what
they may, we ha)e at least sacrificed e)erything"
#et it be conceded that we ga)e too much notice to Mr" !oo&@that we
admitted, to our columns, letters and articles, that we had better ha)e suppressed"
%ell, he was aggra)ating, and we were angry@he made faces at us and we boxed his
ears" Very shoc&ing no doubt@we are not going to defend it@and we hope not to be
ta&en unawares and off our guard again" (ut surely this does not in)ol)e Khatred,
malice and uncharitableness"L %e can truly say that, ha)ing let off the steam, we do
not bear the poor deluded man any grudge@nay, we wish him all possible good in
the future, and abo)e all things, Kmore light"L +f he will turn o)er a new leaf and be
honest and truthful, we will admit him into our ,ociety tomorrow and forget, in
brotherly lo)e, that he has e)er been what he has been"
$he fact is *#6$'6+* ta&es trifles too much au sSrieux, and is@doubtless with
the best intentions@most unMust and uncharitable to us" #et us test a little his
anathemasY 'e tells us that, if anyone e)en so much as finds fault with us, we
straightway fume and rage, and hurl bac& imprecations and anathemas, etc"Y 9ow, we
put it to our readers whether *#6$'6+*Q, letter does not find fault with us@why we
ha)e ne)er been so magisterially rebu&ed since we left the schoolroom, yet >it may be
so without our &nowing it?, we do not thin& we are either fuming or raging, nor do we
disco)er in oursel)es the smallest inclination to hurl any thing, tangible or intangible,
at our selfCconstituted father confessor, spiritual pastor and masterY

/R*%+9: 54 '"," 5#!5$$ (< '"P"("
!rayon drawing made by '"P"(" around 12HH, the original of which
is in the *dyar *rchi)es" KMoloneyL was '"P"("Qs nic&name for !ol"
5lcott, while his nic&name for her was KMrs" Mulligan"L Reproduced
from $he $heosophist, Vol" #++, *ugust, 1931"
M5'+9+ M5';9 !'*$$6R=66
4rom a photograph ta&en in #ondon about 122D"
>!onsult *ppendix for biographical s&etch"?
Page 11H
%e most of us remember #eechQs charming picture@the old gentleman inside the
omnibus, anxious to get on, saying mildly to the guard, KMr" !onductor, + am so
pressed for time@if you could &indly go on + should be so grateful,L etc"@the
conductor retailing this to the dri)er thus, K:o on, (ill, hereQs an old gent in here
aQcussinQ and swearinQ li&e"L Really we thin& that, in his denunciations of our
unfortunate infirmities of temper >and we donQt altogether deny these?, *#6$'6+*
has been ta&ing a leaf out of that conductorQs boo&"
'owe)er, we are 1uite sure that, li&e that conductor, *#6$'6+* means well,
his only fault being in the use of somewhat exaggerated and rather too forcible
language, and as we hold that fas est et ab hoste doceri,Z and a fortiori, that it is our
bounden duty to profit by the ad)ice of friends, we gladly publish his letter by way of
penance for our transgressions and promise not to offend again similarly >at any rate
not till next time?, only entreating him to bear in mind the old pro)erb that Ka slip of
the tongue is no fault of the heart,L and that the use of a little strong language, when
one is exasperated, does not necessarily in)ol)e either hatred, malice or e)en
$o close this little unpleasantness, we would say that our most serious plea in
extenuation is that a cause most dear, nay, most sacred to us@that of $heosophy@
was being re)iled all o)er +ndia, and publicly denounced as K)ile and contemptibleL
>see !oo&Qs !alcutta #ecture and the +ndian %itness of 4ebruary 19? by one whom
the missionary party has put forward as their champion, and so made his utterances
official for them" %e wish, with all our hearts, that $heosophy had worthier and more
consistent champions"
Z UK+t is right to be taught e)en by an enemy,L 5)id, Metam", +V, D32"CC!ompiler"V
Page 112
%e confess, again, we &now that our ill tempers are most unseemly from the
standpoint of true $heosophy" <et, while a (uddhaCli&e@that is to say, truly
$heosophical@character has the perfect right to chide us >and one, at least, of our
K(rothersL has done so?, other religionists ha)e hardly such a right" 9ot !hristians, at
all e)entsE for if though nominal, yet such must be our critics, the wouldCbe con)erts
referred to in *#6$'6+*Q, letter" $hey, at least, ought not to forget that, howe)er
great our shortcomings, their own =esus@mee&est and most forgi)ing of men,
according to his own *postlesQ records@in a righteous rage lashed and dro)e away
those comparati)ely innocent traders who were defiling his templeE that he cursed a
fig tree for no fault of its ownE called Peter K,atanLE and cast daily, in his indignation,
upon the Pharisees of his day, epithets e)en more opprobrious than those we plead
guilty to" $hey >the critics? should not be Kmore catholic than the Pope"L *nd if the
language of e)en their K:odCmanL was scarcely free from abusi)e epithets, with such
an example of human infirmity before them, they should scarcely demand such a
superhuman, di)ine forbearance from us" +s it not positi)ely absurd that we should be
expected by !hristians to e)en so much as e1ual, not to say surpass, in humility, such
an ideal type of mee&ness and forgi)eness as that of =6,;,P
Page 119
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 33GC336"V
$o the 6ditor of $he $heosophist"
+ ha)e lately been engaged in de)oting a few e)eningsQ study to your admirable
article, K4ragments of 5ccult $ruth,L which deser)es far more attention than a mere
casual reading" +t is therein stated that the translated 6go cannot span the abyss
separating its state from ours, or that it cannot descend into our atmosphere and reach
usE that it attracts but cannot be attracted, or, in short, that no departed ,P+R+$ can
)isit us"
+n Vol" +, page 6H, of +sis, + find it said that many of the spirits, subMecti)ely
controlling mediums, are human disembodied spirits, that their being bene)olent or
wic&ed in 1uality largely depends upon the mediumQs pri)ate morality, that they
cannot materiali.e, but only KproMect their aetherial reflection on the atmospheric
wa)es"L 5n page 69R K9ot e)ery one can attract human spirits, who li&es" 5ne of the
most powerful attractions of our departed ones is their strong affection for those
whom they ha)e left on earth" +t draws them irresistibly, by degrees, into the current
of the *stral #ight )ibrating between the person sympathetic to them and the
;ni)ersal ,oul"L 5n page 33GR K,ometimes, but rarely, the planetary spirits " " "
produce them UsubMecti)e manifestationsVE sometimes the spirits of our translated and
belo)ed friends, etc"L
4rom the foregoing it would appear as if both teachings were not uniform, but it
may be that souls, instead of spirits, are implied, or that + ha)e misunderstood the
,uch difficult subMects are rather pu..ling to %estern students, especially to one
who, li&e myself, is a mere tyro, though always grateful to recei)e &nowledge from
those who are in a position to impart such"
<ours, etc",
9th =anuary, 1223"
!*#6/59+*9 $'65,5P'+,$"
Page 13B
6ditorQs 9ote"@+t is to be feared that our )alued (rother has both
misunderstood our meaning in +sis and that of the K4ragments of 5ccult $ruth"L Read
in their correct sense, the statements in the latter do not offer the slightest discrepancy
with the passages 1uoted from +sis but both teachings are uniform"
5ur K!aledonianL (rother belie)es that, because it is stated in +sis,Z that
Kmany " " " among those who control the medium subMecti)ely " " " are human,
disembodied spirits,L and in the K4ragments,L in the words of our critic, that Kthe 6go
cannot span the abyss separating its state from ours " " " cannot descend into our
atmosphere, " " " or, in short, that no departed ,P+R+$ can )isit usL@ there is a
contradiction between the two teachings" %e answer@K9one at all"L %e reiterate
both statements, and will defend the proposition" $hroughout +sis@although an
attempt was made in the +ntroductory !hapter to show the great difference that exists
between the terms KsoulL and KspiritL@one the reli1uiae of the personal 6:5, the
other the pure essence of the spiritual +9/+V+/;*#+$<@the term KspiritL had to be
often used in the sense gi)en to it by the ,piritualists, as well as other similar
con)entional terms, as, otherwise, a still greater confusion would ha)e been caused"
$herefore, the meaning of the three sentences, cited by our friend, should be thus
5n page sixtyCse)en wherein it is stated that many of the spirits, subMecti)ely
controlling mediums, are Khuman disembodied spirits,L etc", the word KcontrollingL
must not be understood in the sense of a KspiritL possessing himself of the organism
of a mediumE nor that, in each case, it is a KspiritLE for often it is but a shell in its
preliminary stage of dissolution, when most of the physical intelligence and faculties
are yet fresh and ha)e not begun to disintegrate, or fade out" * Kspirit,L or the spiritual
6go, cannot descend to the medium, but it can attract the spirit of the latter to itself,
and it can do this only during the two inter)als@before and after its Kgestation
Z UVol" +, p" 6H"V
Page 131
+nter)al the first is that period between the physical death and the merging of the
spiritual 6go into that state which is &nown in the *rhat esoteric doctrine as K(arC
do"L %e ha)e translated this as the KgestationL period, and it lasts from a few days to
se)eral years, according to the e)idence of the adepts" +nter)al the second lasts so
long as the merits of the old 6go entitle the being to reap the fruit of its reward in its
new regenerated 6goship" +t occurs after the gestation period is o)er, and the new
spiritual 6go is reborn@li&e the fabled Phfnix from its ashes@from the old one"
$he locality, which the former inhabits, is called by the northern (uddhist 5ccultists
K/e)aCchan,L the word answering, perhaps, to Paradise or the 8ingdom of 'ea)en of
the !hristian elect" 'a)ing enMoyed a time of bliss, proportionate to his deserts, the
new personal 6go gets reincarnated into a personality when the remembrance of his
pre)ious 6goship, of course, fades out, and he can KcommunicateL no longer with his
fellowmen on the planet he has left fore)er, as the indi)idual he was there &nown to
be" *fter numberless reincarnations, and on numerous planets and in )arious spheres,
a time will come, at the end of the MahaC<ug or great cycle, when each indi)iduality
will ha)e become so spirituali.ed that, before its final absorption into the 5ne *ll, its
series of past personal existences will marshal themsel)es before him in a
retrospecti)e order li&e the many days of some period of a manQs existence"
$he words@Ktheir being bene)olent or wic&ed in 1uality largely depends upon
the mediumQs pri)ate moralityL@which conclude the first 1uoted sentence mean
simply thisR a pure mediumQs 6go can be drawn to and made, for an instant, to unite
in a magnetic >P? relation with a real disembodied spirit, whereas the soul of an
impure medium can only confabulate with the astral soul, or Kshell,L of the deceased"
$he former possibility explains those extremely rare cases of direct writing in
recogni.ed autographs, and of messages from the higher class of disembodied
intelligences" %e should say then that the personal morality of the medium would be
a fair test of the genuineness of the manifestation"
Page 133
*s 1uoted by our friend, Kaffection to those whom they ha)e left on earthL is
Kone of the most powerful attractionsL between two lo)ing spirits@the embodied and
the disembodied one"
%hence the idea, then, that the two teachings are Knot uniformLP %e may well
be taxed with too loose and careless a mode of expression, with a misuse of the
foreign language in which we write, with lea)ing too much unsaid and depending
unwarrantably upon the imperfectly de)eloped intuition of the reader" (ut there ne)er
was, nor can there be, any radical discrepancy between the teachings in +sis and those
of the later period, as both proceed from one and the same source@the */6P$
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 33HC332V
9o 'indu needs to be told the meaning of the term *ngInta <ene" +t is the
action of a bhNta, who enters into or possesses itself of the body of a sensiti)e, to act
and spea& through his organism" +n +ndia such a possession or obsession is as dreaded
now as it was fi)e thousand years bac&E and, li&e the =ews of old, the nati)es
compassionately say of such a )ictim@K'e hath a de)il"L 9o 'indu, $ibetan, or
,inhalese, unless of the lowest caste and intelligence, can see, without a shudder of
horror, the signs of KmediumshipL manifest themsel)es in a member of his family"
$his Kgift,L Kblessing,L and Kholy mission,L as it is )ariously styled in 6urope and
*merica is, among the older peoples, in the cradlelands of our race@where,
presumably, longer experience than ours has taught them more wisdom@regarded as
a direful misfortune, and this applies to both, what %esterns call physical and
inspirational mediumship" 9ot so in the %est" " " "
Page 133
$he extracts that follow are ta&en from an Kinspirational discourseL of a )ery
celebrated *merican ladyCmedium, deli)ered 9o)ember 3D, 12H2" $hose who are
familiar with the literature of ,piritualism, will instantly recogni.e the style" $he
prophecy, uttered in this oration, purports to come from K*n *ncient *strologer,L
who, returning to earth as a spirit, KcontrolledL the spea&er" %e republish these
extracts to gi)e our *siatic friends a specimen of the weird elo1uence that often
mar&s the mediumistic utterances of this gifted lady" 5ther tranceCspea&ers are also
elo1uent, but none of them so famous as this medium" Personally we ha)e always
admired that rare talent of hers to come almost night after night, for years
successi)ely, upon the rostrum, and hold her audience spellbound, some with
re)erential awe at hearing, as they belie)e, the )oice of KcontrollingL angels, others
by surprise" $oo often this latter feeling first awa&ened by her wonderful fluency of
language, has become confirmed by finding, after the flush of the first wonder had
passed and the oration has been put into cold printerQs type, that hardly a sentence is
there which could not ha)e been uttered by her apart from any theory" 'er personal
idiosyncrasies of thought and language constantly obtrude themsel)es, whether the
Kcontrolling spiritL be the late Professor Mapes of 9ew <or&, the lamented 5siris of
6gypt, or any intermediate notability who may ha)e flourished between their
respecti)e epochs" $hose who ha)e followed her tranceCspeeches, since her debut in
12G3, as a girl orator of fourteen, until now, notice the stri&ing sameness in them" $he
mode of deli)ery is always hersE the style is her styleE and the flow of language,
though spar&ling as a pellucid mountain broo&, seems yet to be always the same
familiar flow, fed at the same source" $he constant recurrence of familiar rhetorical
figures, and flowers of speech in this intellectual current, recalls to mind the bubbling
Met of clear crystalline water in a parlourCa1uarium, which brings around, in the swirl
of its eddy, always the same bits of detached moss and lea)es" $he 'indu will
naturally as&, why the names of different KspiritsL should be gi)en to a series of
orations, any twoof which resemble each other li&e two beads on the same string,
when, intrinsically, they show so little e)idence of separate authorship, and such
constant mar&s of strong indi)idualityP
Page 13D
*nother lady orator, of deser)edly great fame, both for elo1uence and learning
@the good Mrs" *nnie (esant@without belie)ing in controlling spirits, or, for that
matter, in her own spirit, yet spea&s and writes such sensible and wise things that we
might almost say that one of her speeches or chapters contains more matter to benefit
humanity, than would e1uip a modern tranceCspea&er for an entire oratorical career"
$here are, of course, great differences between these tranceCspea&ers, and at least one
@Mrs" 6mma 'ardingeC(ritten, one of the founders of our ,ociety@always spea&s
with power and to the point" (ut e)en in her case, is the tranceCdiscourse abo)e the
capacity of her own large mindP
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, p" 33BV
U$o this article treating of the teachings contained in the :JtI, and of the
difference between these teachings and those of the Vedas, '" P" (" appends the
following footnoteRV
$he idea that the :ita may after all be one of the ancient boo&s of initiations@
now most of them lost@has ne)er occurred to them" <et@li&e the (oo& of =ob )ery
wrongly incorporated into the (ible, since it is the allegorical and double record of
>1? the 6gyptian sacred mysteries in the temples and >3? of the disembodied ,oul
appearing before 5siris, and the 'all of *menti, to be Mudged according to its 8arma
@the :ita is a record of the ancient teachings during the Mystery of +nitiation"
Page 13G
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, p" 333V
U$he medium is described as a young woman who was terrified by a demon
>Pi[acha? which constantly haunted her" ,he would sometimes rush into the house in
terror, Kwhereupon there would immediately come rattling against the sides and roof
of the building a storm of bric&s, stones and pebbles"L 9o one was e)er struc&" K$he
strangest fact was that we could not see the stone until it was within a couple of feet
or so of the ground,L says the narrator" $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
* most interesting fact" %e ha)e here a practical testimony going to support the
theory@long since put forth by us@that, in the transport of inert substances, the
atoms are disintegrated, and suddenly reformed at the point of deposit"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, =une, 1223, pp" 336C33HV
UMr" 9" !hidambaram +yer, ("*", ha)ing critici.ed certain words used by '" P"
(" as fa)ouring (uddhism at the expense of 'induism, '" P" (" appended to his
article the following footnote and comment" $o the writerQs wordsR K" " " in a spirit of
indignation " " " you say that, Xfor all the alliances in the world,Q you will not renounce
what you Xconsider to be the truth,Q or pretend belief in that which you X&now to be
falseQ " " " you would ha)e done well if you had omitted the latter clause" " " "L@she
Page 136
* clear misconception, we regret to see" 5ur correspondent has e)idently failed
to comprehend our meaning" %e referred to soCcalled K,piritualism,L and ne)er ga)e
one thought to (uddhismY %e were accused li&ewise by Pundit /ayanand of ha)ing
turned K7oroastrians"L %hy, then, should our correspondent ha)e understood us to
mean only (uddhism as being Ktrue,L and paid no attention to the religion of the
ParsisP Read 6ditorQs 9ote which follows"
+t is our intelligent correspondent, rather than oursel)es, who has Ko)ershotL his
mar&" 'e totally misconcei)es our meaning in the 1uoted sentences" %e had in mind
neither 'induism nor (uddhism, but truth in general, and the truth of *siatic
psychology in particular" %e maintain that the phenomena of ,piritualism are trueE
,wami /ayanand insists >though he &nows better? that they are all false and
Ktamasha"L %e defend the truth of manQs latent and@when de)eloped@phenomenal
powers to produce the most mar)ellous manifestationsE the ,wami tells his public
that to insist that phenomena can be produced by will power alone Kis to say a lie,L
and forthwith derides )ery unphilosophically all phenomenaE thus contradicting what
he had maintained and admitted himself orally and in print, before he got Kout of
patienceL with us for our eclecticism and uni)ersal religious toleration" $hat is what
we meant by KtrueL and Kfalse,L and nothing more"
+f we were disposed to imitate the sectarian bigots of whatsoe)er creed, our
ad)ocacy of the superior merits of (uddhism would not ha)e ta&en the form of a
casual sentence or two in an article upon a totally different subMect, but would ha)e
been boldly and openly made" 5ur friend is but Must when he says that, since
beginning our +ndian wor&, we ha)e ne)er publicly preached our pri)ate religious
)iews" +t would be well if this fact were ne)er lost sight of" !olonel 5lcott, in
addressing audiences of )arious religious faiths, has always tried to put himself, for
the moment, in the mental attitude of a belie)er in that faith which his audience
represented, and to bring prominently before their minds the highest standard of
morals and attainable wisdom which it contains"
Page 13H
$hus, he has, to the Parsis, shown the magnificence of ancient Ma.dasnianismE
to the 'indus, the splendours of *ryan philosophy, etc" *nd this, not from a poor
desire to indiscriminately please, but from the deep con)iction, shared by us both,
that there is truth in e)ery religion, and that e)ery sincere de)otee of any faith should
be respected in that de)otion, and helped to see whate)er of good his faith contains"
$he rupture of the ,wami with us resulted, not because of our holding to one religion
or the other, but because of the strict policy of eclectic tolerance for men of all creeds
upon which the $heosophical ,ociety was founded and has since been building itself
-THE "R#".
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 9, ,upplement, =une, 1223, p" 2V
5ur late friends of the *rya maga.ine ha)e performed the difficult intellectual
feat of Mumping down their own Mournalistic throats" $his was to be fearedE and now,
upon reading the complimentary notice of us in their *pril number in connection with
the one of an opposite character in the one of May, we are left in doubt as to which
expresses their real sentiments" 'owe)er, their action must be left for their 8arma to
settle, which it will do all in good time" %e should not thin& it worthwhile to ta&e any
further notice of the affair, but for the fact that they ha)e badly misrepresented our
relations with their *rya ,amaM and its 6ccentric !hief" *t the (ombay 'ead1uarters
are all the necessary documents for our reply, and upon the return of the 4ounders,
!olonel 5lcott will prepare the brief statement, which the unwise course of the *rya
has made necessary"
Page 132
UMadras $imes, Madras, =une 9, 1223V
/ewan (ahadur Ragunath Row, 4"$","
My /ear ,ir,@+ ha)e not made a study of 'indu law, but + do &now something
of the principles of 'indu religions, or rather ethics, and of those of its glorious
founders" + regard the former almost the embodiment of Mustice, and the latter as
ideals of spiritual perfectibility" %hen then, anyone points out to me in the existing
canon any text, line or word that )iolates oneQs sense of perfect Mustice, + instincti)ely
&now it must be a later per)ersion of the original ,mriti" +n my Mudgment, the 'indus
are now patiently enduring many outrageous wrongs that were cunningly introduced
into the canon as opportunity offered, by selfish and unscrupulous priests for their
personal benefit, as it was in the case of suttee, the burning of widows" $he marriage
laws are another example" $o marry a girl without her &nowledge or consent, to enter
the sacred state and then doom her to the awful, because unnatural fate of enforced
celibacy, if the boyCchild to whom she was betrothed should die >and one half of the
human race do die before coming of age? is something actually brutal, de)ilish" +t is
the 1uintessence of inMustice and cruelty, and + would sooner doubt the stars of hea)en
than belie)e that either one of those starCbright human souls called Rishis had e)er
consented to such a base and idiotic cruelty" +f a female has entered a marital relation,
she should, in my opinion, remain a chaste widow if her husband should die"
Page 139
(ut if a betrothed boyChusband of a nonCconsenting and irresponsible childCwife
should die, or if, upon coming to age, either of them should be a)erse from
matrimony, and prefer to ta&e up the religious life, to de)ote themsel)es to charitable
occupation, to study, or for other good reason wish to remain celibate, then they
ought to be allowed to do so" %e personally &now of se)eral cases where the male or
female are so bent upon becoming chelas that they prefer death rather than to enter or
continue in@as the cases se)erally may be@the married state" My womanQs instinct
always told me that for such there was comfort and protection in 'indu #aw@the
only true #aw@of the Rishis which was based upon their spiritual perceptions, hence
upon the perfect law of harmony and Mustice which per)ades all nature" *nd now,
upon reading your excellent pamphlet, + percei)e that my instincts had not decei)ed
%ishing e)ery possible success, in your noble and highly philanthropical
(elie)e me, dear ,ir, with respect,
<ours fraternally,
'" P" (#*V*$,8<
Mylapore, 3rd =une, 1223"
Page 13B
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 339V
+t has been widely felt that the present is an opportune time for ma&ing an
organi.ed and systematic attempt to in)estigate that large group of debatable
phenomena designated by such terms as mesmeric, psychical, and spiritualistic"
4rom the recorded testimony of many competent witnesses, past and present,
including obser)ations recently made by scientific men of eminence in )arious
countries, there appears to be, amidst much illusion and deception, an important body
of remar&able phenomena, which are prima facie inexplicable on any generally
recogni.ed hypothesis, and which, if incontestably established, would be of the
highest possible )alue"
$he tas& of examining such residual phenomena has often been underta&en by
indi)idual effort, but ne)er hitherto by a scientific society organi.ed on a sufficiently
broad basis" *s a preliminary step towards this end, a !onference was held in
#ondon, on =anuary 6th, 1223, and a ,ociety for Psychical Research was proMected"
$he ,ociety was definitely constituted on 4ebruary 3Bth, 1223, and its !ouncil, then
appointed, ha)e s&etched out a programme for future wor&" $he following subMects
ha)e been entrusted to special !ommitteesR
1" *n examination of the nature and extent of any influence which may be
exerted by one mind upon another, apart from any generally recogni.ed mode of
3" $he study of hypnotism, and the forms of soCcalled mesmeric trance, with its
alleged insensibility to painE clair)oyance, and other allied phenomena"
3" * critical re)ision of ReichenbachQs researches with certain organi.ations
called sensiti)e, and an in1uiry whether such organi.ations possess any power of
perception beyond a highly exalted sensibility of the recogni.ed sensory organs"
D" * careful in)estigation of any reports, resting on strong testimony regarding
apparitions at the moment of death, or otherwise, or regarding disturbances in houses
reputed to be haunted"
Page 131
G" *n in1uiry into the )arious physical phenomena commonly called
,piritualisticE with an attempt to disco)er their causes and general laws"
6" $he collection and collation of existing materials bearing on the history of
these subMects"
$he aim of the ,ociety will be to approach these )arious problems without
preMudice or prepossession of any &ind, and in the same spirit of exact and
unimpassioned in1uiry which has enabled science to sol)e so many problems, once
not less obscure nor less hotly debated" $he founders of this ,ociety fully recogni.e
the exceptional difficulties which surround this branch of researchE but they
ne)ertheless hope that by patient and systematic effort some results of permanent
)alue may be attained"
#etters of in1uiry or application for membership may be addressed to the 'on"
,ecretary, 6dward $" (ennett, $he Mansion, Richmond 'ill, near #ondon"
+t was intended, in founding the (ritish $heosophical ,ociety, our #ondon
(ranch, to co)er this exact ground, adding to it the hope of being able to wor& up to a
direct personal intercourse with those K:reat Masters of the ,nowy Range of the
'ima)at,L whose existence has been amply pro)en to some of our 4ellows, and,
according to the Re)" Mr" (eale@Kis &nown throughout all $ibet and !hina"L %hile
something has, certainly, been done in that direction, yet for lac& of the help of
scientific men, li&e those who ha)e Moined to found this new ,ociety, the progress has
been relati)ely slow" +n all our (ranches there is more of a tendency to de)ote time to
reading boo&s and papers and propounding theories, than to experimental research in
the departments of Mesmerism, Psychometry, 5dyle >ReichenbachQs new 4orce?, and
Mediumism" $his should be changed, for the subMects abo)eCnamed are the &eys to all
the worldQs Psychological ,cience from the remotest anti1uity down to our time" $he
new Psychical Research ,ociety, then, has our best wishes, and may count upon the
assistance of our thirtyCse)en *siatic (ranches in carrying out their in)estigations, if
our help is not disdained" %e will be only too happy to enlist in this mo)ement,
which is for the worldQs good, the friendly ser)ices of a body of 'indu, Parsi and
,inhalese gentlemen of education, who ha)e access to the )ernacular, ,ans&rit, and
Pali literature of their respecti)e countries, and who were ne)er yet brought, either by
go)ernmental or any pri)ate agency, into collaboration with 6uropean students of
Page 133
#et the #ondon sa)ants but tell us what they want done, and we will ta&e care of
the rest" +n the same connection we would suggest that the Psychical Research
,ociety and our #ondon and Paris (ranches should open relations with the
!ommittee of the *cademy of 4rance, Must formed, or forming, to ma&e a serious
study of these )ery subMects, as the result of the recent experiments of /rs" !harcot,
!he)illard, (ur1, and other 4rench biologists" #et us, by all means, ha)e an
international, rather than a local, in)estigation of the most important of all subMects of
human study@P,<!'5#5:<"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, pp" 3D3C3DDV
%hen, in answer to a direct challenge, the author of $he 5ccult %orld wrote to
the (ombay :a.ette >*pril D, 1223?, he began his letter with the following profession
of faithR K+ was already sure, when + wrote $he 5ccult %orld, that the $heosophical
,ociety was connected, through Madame (la)ats&y, with the great (rotherhood of
*depts + described" + now &now this to be the case, with much greater amplitude of
&nowledge"L #ittle did our loyal friend fancy, when he was penning these lines, that
his assertion would one day be capable of corroboration by the testimony of
thousands" (ut such is now the state of the case" ,ceptics and preMudiced or interested
witnesses in general may scoff as they li&e, the fact cannot be gainsaid" 5ur friends@
and we ha)e some who regard us neither as lunatics nor impostors@will at least be
glad to read the statement which follows"
Page 133
%hile at Madras, we were told that a wellC&nown $amil scholar, a Pandit in the
Presidency !ollege, desired to ha)e a pri)ate con)ersation with us" $he inter)iew
occurred in the presence of Mr" ,ingara)elu, President of the 8rishna $heosophical
,ociety, and of another trustworthy $heosophist, Mr" !" *ra)amudu *yangar, a
,ans&ritist, of 9ellore" %e are no more at liberty to repeat here all the 1uestions put
to us by the inter)iewer than we are to di)ulge certain other facts which would still
more strongly corroborate , our repeated assertions that >1? our ,ociety was founded
at the direct suggestion of +ndian and $ibetan *deptsE and >3? that in coming to this
country we but obeyed their wishes" (ut we shall lea)e our friends to draw their own
inferences from all the facts" %e are glad to &now that the learned Pandit is now
engaged in writing, in the $amil and $elugu languages, a more amplified narrati)e
than he has gi)en hereE and that he is ta&ing steps to obtain certificates of respectable
li)ing witnesses who heard his :uru preCfigure the e)ents which ha)e had so
complete a fulfilment"
,$*$6M69$ 54 $'5#;V5R6 V6#*<;/'*M M;/*#+*R, ,6!59/
$*M+# P*9/+$ 54 $'6 PR6,+/69!< !5##6:6, M*/R*,"
$o the *uthorZ of 'ints on 6soteric $heosophyR
,ir,@+ beg to inform you that + was a !hela of the late K*rulpra&asa Vallalare,L
otherwise &nown as !hidambaram Ramalinga Pillai *)ergal, the celebrated <ogi of
,outhern +ndia" 'a)ing come to &now that the 6nglish community, as well as some
'indus, entertained doubts as to the existence of the Mahatmas >adepts?, and, as to
the fact of the $heosophical ,ociety ha)ing been formed under their special ordersE
and ha)ing heard, moreo)er, of your recent wor&, in which much pains are ta&en to
present the e)idence about these Mahatmas pro and con@+ wish to ma&e public
certain facts in connection with my late re)ered :uru" My belief is, that they ought
effectually to remo)e all such doubts, and pro)e that $heosophy is no empty
delusion, nor the ,ociety in 1uestion founded on an insecure basis"
#et me premise with a brief description of the personality of and the doctrines
taught by the abo)eCmentioned ascetic, Ramalingam Pillai"
Z U*" 5" 'ume"V
Page 13D
'e was born at Maruthur, !hidambaram $alu1, ,outh *rcot, Madras Presidency"
'e came to li)e at Madras at an early period of his career, and dwelt there for a long
time" *t the age of nine, without any reading, Ramalingam is certified by
eyewitnesses to ha)e been able to recite the contents of the wor&s of *gastia and
other Munis e1ually respected by /ra)idians and *ryans" +n 12D9, + became his
disciple, and, though no one e)er &new where he had been initiated, some years after,
he gathered a number of disciples around him" 'e was a great *lchemist" 'e had a
strange faculty about him, witnessed )ery often, of changing a carni)orous person
into a )egetarianE a mere glance from him seemed enough to destroy the desire for
animal food" 'e had also the wonderful faculty of reading other menQs minds" +n the
year 12GG, he left Madras for !hidambaram, and thence to Vadulur and 8aringooli,
where he remained a number of years" Many a time, during his stay there, he used to
lea)e his followers, disappearing to go no one &new whither, and remaining absent
for more or less prolonged periods of time" +n personal appearance, Ramalingam was
a moderately tall, spare man@so spare, indeed, as to )irtually appear a s&eleton@yet
withal a strong man, erect in stature, and wal&ing )ery rapidlyE with a face of a clear
brown complexion, a straight, thin nose, )ery large fiery eyes, and with a loo& of
constant sorrow on his face" $oward the end he let his hair grow long, and, what is
rather unusual with <ogis, he wore shoes" 'is garments consisted but of two pieces of
white cloth" 'is habits were excessi)ely abstemious" 'e was &nown to hardly e)er
ta&e any rest" * strict )egetarian, he ate but once in two or three days, and was then
satisfied with a few mouthfuls of rice" (ut when fasting for a period of two or three
months at a time, he literally ate nothing, li)ing merely on warm water with a little
sugar dissol)ed in it"
*s he preached against caste, he was not )ery popular" (ut still people of all
castes gathered in large numbers around him" $hey came not so much for his
teachings, as in the hope of witnessing and learning phenomena, or Kmiracles"L with
the power of producing which he was generally creditedE though he himself
discredited the idea of anything supernatural, asserting constantly that his was a
religion based on pure science" *mong many other things he preached thatR
>1? $hough the 'indu people listened not to him, nor ga)e ear to his counsels,
yet the esoteric meaning of the Vedas and other sacred boo&s of the 6ast would be
re)ealed by the custodians of the secret@the Mahatmas@to foreigners, who would
recei)e it with MoyE
>3? $hat the fatal influence of the 8alipurusha !ycle, which now rules the
world, will be neutrali.ed in about ten yearsE
>3? $hat the use of animal food would be gradually relin1uishedE
Page 13G
>D? $hat the distinction between races and castes would e)entually cease, and
the principle of ;ni)ersal (rotherhood be e)entually accepted, and a ;ni)ersal
(rotherhood be established in +ndiaE
>G? $hat what men call K:odL is, in fact, the principle of ;ni)ersal #o)e@
which produces and sustains perfect 'armony and 61uilibrium throughout all natureE
>6? $hat men, once they ha)e ascertained the di)ine power latent in them, would
ac1uire such wonderful powers as to be able to change the ordinary operations of the
law of gra)ity, etc", etc"
+n the year 126H, he founded a ,ociety, under the name of K,umarasa Veda
,anmarga ,ungham,L which means a society based on the principle of ;ni)ersal
(rotherhood, and for the propagation of the true Vedic doctrine" + need hardly remar&
that these principles are identically those of the $heosophical ,ociety" 5ur ,ociety
was in existence but for fi)e or six years, during which time a )ery large number of
poor and infirm persons were fed at the expense of its members"
%hen he had attained his GDth year >12H3?, he began to prepare his disciples for
his departure from the world" 'e announced his intention of going into ,amadhi"
/uring the first half of 12H3 he preached most forcibly his )iews upon 'uman
(rotherhood" (ut, during the last 1uarter of the year, he ga)e up lecturing entirely
and maintained an almost unbro&en silence" 'e resumed speech in the last days of
=anuary, 12HD, and reiterated his prophecies@hereinafter narrated" 5n the 3Bth of
that month, at Metucuppam, we saw our master for the last time" ,electing a small
building, he entered its solitary room after ta&ing an affectionate farewell of his
!helas, stretched himself on the carpet, and then, by his orders, the door was loc&ed
and the only opening walled up" (ut when, a year later, the place was opened and
examined, there was nothing to be seen but a )acant room" 'e left with us a promise
to reappear some day but would gi)e us no intimation as to the time, place, or
circumstances" ;ntil then, howe)er, he said that he would be wor&ing not in +ndia
alone, but also in 6urope and *merica and all other countries, to influence the minds
of the right men to assist in preparing for the regeneration of the world"
,uch, in short" is the history of this great man" $he facts + ha)e referred to abo)e are
within the &nowledge of thousands of people" 'is whole occupation was the
preaching of the sublime moral doctrines contained in the 'indu ,hastras, and the
instilling into the masses of the principles of ;ni)ersal (rotherhood, bene)olence and
charity" (ut to his great disappointment he found among his large congregations but
few who could appreciate his lofty ethics" /uring the latter part of his )isible earthly
career, he often expressed his bitter sorrow for this sad state of things, and repeatedly
K<ou are not fit to become members of this ,ociety of ;ni)ersal (rotherhood"
$he real members of that (rotherhood are li)ing far away, towards the 9orth of
+ndia" <ou do not listen to me"
Page 136
<ou do not follow the principles of my teachings" <ou seem to be determined
not to be con)inced by me" <6$ $'6 $+M6 +, 95$ 4*R 544, %'69 P6R,59,
4R5M R;,,+*, *M6R+!* >these two countries were always named?, and other
foreign lands %+## !5M6 $5 +9/+* *9/ PR6*!' $5 <5; $'+, ,*M6
/5!$R+96 54 ;9+V6R,*# (R5$'6R'55/" $hen only, will you &now and
appreciate the grand truths that + am now )ainly trying to ma&e you accept" <ou will
soon find that $'6 (R5$'6R, %'5 #+V6 +9 $'6 4*R 95R$' will wor& a
great many wonders in +ndia, and thus confer incalculable benefits upon this our
$his prophecy has, in my opinion, Must been literally fulfilled" $he fact, that the
Mahatmas in the 9orth exist, is no new idea to us, 'indusE and the strange fact that
the ad)ent of Madame (la)ats&y and !olonel 5lcott from Russia and *merica was
foretold se)eral years before they came to +ndia, is an incontro)ertible proof that my
:uru was in communication with those Mahatmas under whose directions the
$heosophical ,ociety was subse1uently founded"
$'5#;V5R6 V6#*<;/'*M M;/*#+*R, 4"$","
%itnessesR g
M;9=*!;PP;M ,+9:*R*V6#; M;/*#+*R,
President of the 8rishna $heosophical ,ociety"
!5M(*!59*M *R*V*M;/; *<*9:*R,
4ellow of the 9ellore $heosophical ,ociety"
K$he official position of Vellayu Pandit as one of the Pandits of the Presidency
!ollegeCis an ample guarantee of his respectability and trustworthiness"L
:" M;$$;,%*M< !'6$$<,
=udge of the ,mall !ause !ourt, Madras,
ViceCPresident of the Madras $heosophical ,ocy"
$his is one of those cases of pre)ious foretelling of a coming e)ent, which is
least of all open to suspicion of bad faith"
Page 13H
$he honourable character of the witness, the wide publicity of his :uruQs
announcements, and the impossibility that he could ha)e got from public rumour, or
the Mournals of the day, any intimation that the $heosophical ,ociety would be formed
and would operate in +ndia@all these conspire to support the inference that
Ramalingam <ogi was )erily in the counsels of those who ordered us to found the
,ociety" +n March, 12H3, we were directed to proceed from Russia to Paris" +n =une,
we were told to proceed to the ;nited ,tates, where we arri)ed =uly 6th"Z $his was
the )ery time when Ramalingam was most forcibly prefiguring the e)ents which
should happen" +n 5ctober, 12HD, we recei)ed an intimation to go to !hittenden,
Vermont, where, at the famous homestead of the 6ddy family, !olonel 5lcott was
engaged in ma&ing his in)estigations@now so celebrated in the annals of
,piritualism@of the soCcalled Kmateriali.ation of ,pirits"L 9o)ember, 12HG, the
$heosophical ,ociety was founded, and it was not until 12H2, that the correspondence
began with friends in +ndia, which resulted in the transfer of the ,ocietyQs
'ead1uarters to (ombay in 4ebruary, 12H9"
Z U*" P" ,innet in his +ncidents in the #ife of '" P" (la)ats&y, p" 1HG, gi)es the date of =uly Hth, and
this latter date is supported by '" P" (" herself in one of her letters to her Russian relati)es >$he
Path, +F, 4eb", 129G, p" 32G?" $his uncertainty may ne)er be fully cleared up"@!ompiler"V
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 3D9V
U+n reply to a correspondentQs 1uestions about omens, '" P" (" wroteRV
+t cannot be denied that there are correspondences, relationships, and mutual
attractions and repulsions in 9ature, the existence of which scientific research is
constantly ma&ing more apparent" 9or can it be contradicted that, under this law, the
theory of omens and portents has some basis of truth" (ut the credulity of the
superstitious has carried the matter to absurd lengths" $he subMect is too )ast to enter
upon until we ha)e exhausted the more important branches of 5ccultism"
Page 132
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, pp" 3D9C3GBV
%e print elsewhere letters from two estimable ladies@members of the (ritish
$heosophical ,ociety@protesting against a short article@K* ,ad #oo&outL@printed
in our *pril number" %e ma&e room for them most willingly to pro)e that we are e)er
ready to gi)e a fair hearing to both sides of a 1uestion" *s the testimony of two
witnesses outweighs that of one, we might perhaps hang our harp on the willow, and
say no more of it, only that the few lines of pri)ate opinion, 1uoted from a pri)ate
letter >and this is the only indiscretion we plead guilty to? has raised such a pother as
to necessitate a reply" * storm in a teacup we should ha)e called it, but for the gra)e
interference of no less a personage than our &ind and esteemed friend, the President
of the (ritish $heosophical ,ociety in his proper person and official capacity, and the
indignant protests of se)eral other prominent $heosophists and ,piritualists" *nd,
now, what is the magnitude of our offenceP
+ndeed, /r" %yld, while condemning the opinion of the 4ellow who expressed
it, as a Kgross exaggerationL and an Kindiscriminate libel,L repeats in substance the
)ery allegation in our short editorial remar&, not one word of which do we feel ready
to retract" +f we are 1uite prepared to regard the denunciation of our (rother
$heosophist as a Kgross exaggeration,L we are not at all sure that it is a Klibel"L %hat
he says is that Kin many casesL ,piritualism has degenerated Kinto the grossest and
most immoral forms of (lac& Magic"L
Page 139
9ow, many cases are not KallL cases, and the educated and pureCminded
,piritualists, who ha)e KoutCgrownL the crude incipient stage of phenomenaCcra)ing,
can hardly be prepared to answer for what ta&es place in the homes and pri)ate
circles of the masses of less ad)anced ,piriutalists" 'a)ing been personally
ac1uainted in *merica with a number of nonprofessional mediums of all classes and
stations in life, who ha)e sought our ad)ice and help to escape from obsession by
Kmateriali.ed ,piritChusbands and wi)es,L and others who were delighted with, and
felt 1uite proud of such an intercourse, as regards *merica we spea&@to our regret@
a)ec connaissance de cause" $hus, while we may concede that, so far as the use of the
word KmaMorityL may be ta&en exception to as an exaggeration when applied to those
who fa)our or tolerate immorality, yet it is ne)ertheless true that until the actual
maMority of recogni.ed ,piritualists unite to dri)e out and show up those who are
gi)en o)er to the highly dangerous practices@positi)ely identical with those of
K(lac& MagicL@denounced by our (ritish member, the taint must co)er e)en the
innocent" Pure minds such as those of the late 6pes ,argent, of /r" %yld, and others,
ha)e felt this for years" ,o bad were things once in *merica@and our editorial
remar&, in its first sentence applied but to the *merican ,piritualists >please see *pril
number of $he $heosophist, p" 1HD, col" 1? Z@that some of the best ,piritualists
shran& from openly admitting their adherence to the mo)ement, especially when the
now happily dying out foul heresy of K4ree #o)eL was in )ogue" 5ur friends may
pic& and choose their circles as carefully as may be, yet except when a few
trustworthy and highly pure and moral mediums are employed, they will ne)er be
safe from the in)asion of K%estern Pi[achas"L]
Z UK* ,ad #oo&out,L *pril, 1223, in the present Volume" @!ompiler"V
] U%hat are the lying K,piritsL described by =" P" $" in #ight in K;ncertainties of ,pirit +dentityL but
full blown Pi[achasP
Page 1DB
9or can they protect themsel)es from the hearing of monstrous sentiments from or
through the mediums, until a closer study has been made of intermundane
$herefore, we refuse to plead guilty for saying, in $he $heosophist, that which
is repeated with )ery little )ariation by /r" %yld in #ight" %e as& any unpreMudiced
reader to decide whether we ha)e said, or e)en implied, in our do.en of editorial
lines, any more than what /r" %yld admits and confesses in the followingR
+ ha)e always held that mediumship, and especially physical mediumship Uand
who e)er spo&e of subMecti)e mediumship in the article that ga)e offenceP@6d" $he
$heosophistV, was beset by such dangers to health and morals, that none except the
most unselfish could practise it without inMury to themsel)es and others"
+ ha)e also held that not only has much falsehood been spo&en by mediums, but
that no high spiritual truths ha)e been for the first time re)ealed to us by modern
mediums " " "
*nd againR
$hat many abominations ha)e infected the selfish practitioners of ,piritualism is
1uite well &nown, but " " )ery many modern ,piritualists in #ondon are and always
ha)e been examples of all which is good and true"
*nd who e)er said to the contraryP *mong other ,piritualists who ha)e
protested, M"*" >5xon? hopes that K$he $heosophist will disa)ow the stupid libel on
honourable, reputable, and able persons, whose sole care is the search of truth"L %e
are sorry to be unable to Kdisa)owL that to which we do not plead guilty" $he
$heosophist is e)er ready to honestly disa)ow any false accusation imprudently
published in its pages either with conscious intent or unconsciously" (ut, then, we
must be shown that a libel has been uttered, and that is what in the present case we
emphatically deny" $hough no ,piritualist organ has e)er yet retracted a single one of
the many gratuitous and dishonouring calumnies, nor one of the )ile and real libels so
repeatedly published by their correspondents against the editor of $he $heosophist
Page 1D1
>not e)en #ight, since in the lame excuse, called forth from its 6ditor by K!" !" M"QsL
gentle reproof in its issue of May 13th, we certainly see no retraction whate)er?, the
organ of the $heosophists would most assuredly ha)e made e)ery amende honorable,
had it by intent or otherwise e)er KlibelledL any of the Khonourable, reputable, and
able personsL in #ondon" *nd, since the words of our editorial article, )i."R K5f
course, it is needless to say, that highly educated and refined ,piritualists will e)er
a)oid such sSance rooms,L etc"@co)er entirely the ground, and thus disa)ow in
anticipation any such implication as is made against us, it is useless to say any more"
+n remar&ing as we did that Kthe maMority of ,piritualists will do e)erything in their
power to attract the %estern Pi[achas,L i"e", the K=ohn 8ingsL and the KPeters,L we
ha)e accused them of no immorality, but only of that, which no ,piritualist will e)er
deny, since their papers are full of tales of the prowess of these illustrious personages,
whose generic names are but mas&s concealing some unmista&able Pi[achas" $o
attract these it is sufficient to fre1uent the circles which the creatures grace with their
Meanwhile, let those who would learn something about the doings of the
+ncubus and ,uccubus forms of Pi[acha obsession, consult some of our 'indu
$heosophists, and read the highly interesting wor&s of the !he)alier :ougenot des
Mousseaux >Mfurs et Prati1ues des /SmonsE #a Magie au /ixCneu)idme ,idcle,
etc", etc"?" $hough a bigoted !atholic whose sole aim is to bolster up the de)il theory
of his !hurch, this authorQs facts are none the less )aluable to ,piritualists and others"
+f Kthe search of truthL is the sole or main care of Khonourable, reputable and
ableL ,piritualists, there are 1uite as honourable, reputable and able $heosophists
who claim the same pri)ilege" *nd, ha)ing found out that portion of it which
identifies some >not all of course? of the %estern KguidesL and materiali.ed KangelsL
with the Kunclean spirits,L &nown for many centuries in +ndia as the Pi[achas, they
fearlessly proclaim it and utter the word of warning, as in duty bound"
Page 1D3
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 3GlV
UReplying to a correspondentQs letter on this subMect '"P"(" wroteRV
+t ne)er, for one moment, entered our thoughts to imply that the KmaMority of
#ondon ,piritualistsL were either depra)ed or immoral" %e deny it" %hat we wrote in
so many words was that this KmaMorityL in their dangerous blindness and
o)erconfidence in the powers controlling mediums, would be always attracting
Pi[achas, and that unconsciously, since they are ignorant of their true nature" 9ot all
of these Pi[achas are necessarily bad K,pirits,L nor are they all +ncubi and ,uccubi"
(ut of what nature, we as&, can be, for instance, a K,pirit,L who Kemits such a
cada)erous offensi)e smellL as to ma&e e)ery person present at the sSance Ksic& at
stomachLP %e ha)e it from Miss 6mily 8islingbury > a lady whose )eracity no one
would e)er doubt? who often told us about this #ondon female Pi[acha,
through a lady medium who must remain unnamed" %e ha)e ne)er been present at a sSance in #ondonE therefore, we &now nothing of suchE yet we ha)e a
right to Mudge by analogy, since we are thoroughly well ac1uainted with *merican
mediums and their sSance rooms, and that a great percentage of the most celebrated
mediums in #ondon are *mericans"
%hat we ha)e said in our leading editorial UK* ,torm in a $eacupL abo)eV is
1uite sufficient to define our position and exonerate us from any such )ile thought in
connection with the educated #ondon ,piritualists" (ut as regards *merica hardly
three years ago, it is 1uite another affair, and we maintain our denunciation at the ris&
of, and notwithstanding all the protests and filth that is sure to be poured on our heads
for it, by some spiritual organs of that country"
Page 1D3
%e spea& but the truth, and feel ready to suffer, and are prepared for itE aye,
ready e)en for something more terrible than the cheap abuse and numerous libellous
stories told about us by some amiable *merican contemporaries"
+f, thereby, we can warn and sa)e but one honest sincere ,piritualist, out of the
alleged twenty millions or more of belie)ers of 6urope and *merica, that abuse will
do us good" *nd that@as concerns the ;nited ,tates at least@we ha)e said nothing
but the truth, facts and history are there to support our statements" $here were, and
still are >unless we ha)e been misinformed? communities in 9ew <or& which bear
fancy :ree& names@as, for example, that of ,tephen Pearl *ndrews@the
KPantarch,L whose members are mediums and whose moral code is based upon the
filthy doctrine of 4ree #o)e" 5f this school Mrs" %oodhull and Miss !laflin were
chief female apostlesE and it is not only a common rumour, but a fact@corroborated
by numerous publications in the %oodhull and !laflinQs %ee&ly, a Mournal conducted
by these two famous sisters for se)eral consecuti)e years@that their pernicious
doctrines were deri)ed, as alleged by themsel)es, from spiritual Kcontrols"L $hese had
wide acceptance among, and were largely put into practice by the ,piritualists" *nd
there were, as we were informed, secret lodges, or *gapae, where the genuine (lac&
Magic of *sia was taught by the late P" (" Randolph, and sensuality was at least
preached and ad)ocated@as e)eryone can see by reading any one of the numerous
wor&s of this man of genius finally dri)en by his Pi[achas@to suicide" *lso there
were and are male and female mediums@public and pri)ate who boasted publicly
and in our hearing of marital relationships with materiali.ed ,pirits, and@in the case
of the Re)" $" #" 'arris, the great poet, mystic and ,piritualist@alleged parentage is
claimed of children begotten by him in a re)olting union with his K,piritCwife"L *ll
this is 'istory" +f we &new as much about 6uropean ,piritualists, we would not shrin&
from saying so" (ut as we do not &now it and ne)er said so, we deny the imputation
Page 1DD
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly 1223, pp" 3GGC3GHV
U'" P" (" comments on a re)iew of /r" !he)illardQs wor& on ner)ous phenomena
and the rational of spiritistic manifestations in a brief introduction and some
$he readers of this maga.ine, and especially the 4ellows of our ,ociety, will
remember that we ha)e always maintained that the mediumistic rapping is produced
by a correlation of )ital force, emitted from the person of the rapper, with the
potential energy of the ether >a&a[a?" $his theory seems to be fully corroborated by
the disco)eries of Professor !he)illard"
5ne of the best and most intelligent mediums in the world once told us that she
ne)er &new a medium, who could be called perfectly healthy, each usually ha)ing a
scrofulous, phthisical, or other blood taint"
%e only &now /r" !he)illardQs wor& through Mr" RouherQs re)iew, and so are
not in a position to express an independent opinion as to its merits" (ut we see no
mention in the abo)e article about that most stri&ing of all the mediumistic
phenomena, Kmateriali.ationL@the apparition of mo)ing, and often spea&ing, forms
belie)ed to be those of dead persons"
Z U/r" *" !he)illard, btudes expSrimentales sur le fluide ner)eux et solution dSfiniti)e du probldme
spirite" ParisR !orbeil, 1269" 2)o"V
Page 1DG
9or is there any indication that either author or re)iewer has e)er seen the
proMection of the KdoubleL or Maya)i rupa, of a li)ing man" * )ast unexplored field
in)ites the researches of the 6uropean men of science, and we trust that the
announced intention of the great 4rench *cademy to ta&e up the wor&, may not end
in promises" *nyhow, our *siatic readers now see that 5ccult ,cience is beginning to
ha)e from %estern biologists the attention it deser)es"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 3GHV
*mong the pleasantest memories of our late )isit to (engal is the recollection of
the number of delightful friends whom we were fortunate enough to ma&e" Many of
these Moined our ,ociety, and are now gi)ing it their full sympathy and coCoperation"
%e found among the (engalis some whom we would be glad to introduce into
6uropean social circles as types of the true 'indu gentleman, and whom we would
not be afraid to match with their best men for intelligence, graciousness of manner,
and purity of character" ;nhappily for +ndia this side of nati)e character is seldom
seen by the go)erning class" $hrough distrust and class preMudice, they ha)e fixed a
social gulf between the two races which few ha)e had the boldness to cross" %e hear
and read from them much about the defects of character in the (engali (abu, but
seldom see Mustice done to their sterling traits of character" K(abudomL@(abusthan
would be the better word, perhaps, if they wanted to in)ent one@is to most
6uropeans a synonym of contempt for an +ndian nation, which can probably boast
among its fiftyCfi)e millions >G1h3 &otis? as great a percentage of intellectual power as
any nation of the %estE and which, if deficient in the )irile courage that ma&es the
warrior, is ne)ertheless endowed in a large degree with those milder and higher traits
which ma&e the philosopher, the poet, and the religious de)otee"
Page 1D6
+f these )iews should stri&e *ngloC+ndians with some surprise they ha)e only to
reali.e that we ha)e met the (engalis on the footing of e1uality and fraternity, and
ha)e thus been gi)en a deeper insight into their natures than they" (ut our present
purpose is not to enter upon a subMect so general, but to introduce to nati)e notice a
new maga.ine Must started by a (engali gentleman of the abo)e type, a 4ellow of our
,ociety, for whom we ha)e a sentiment of affectionate esteem" +t is called the 4ellow
%or&er, and is published as the 6nglish organ of the *diC(rahmo ,amaM" +t is a wellC
printed maga.ine, and, if the contents of the succeeding numbers shall come up to the
standard of the present one, it is li&ely to ha)e a prosperous and useful career" %e
bespea& for it liberal patronage" 9ext month we will copy from the May number an
article on (uddhism and (rahmanism, which will interest our friends in !eylon"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, pp" 3GHCG2V
*t the time of Mr" (ennettQs )isit to (ombay it was made &nown that he was on
a )oyage around the world at the re1uest of the subscribers to his Mournal, the $ruthC
,ee&er, and at their expense" $his latter fact at once attests the popularity of Mr"
(ennett in *merica among the freethin&ing classes, and their probable numerical
strengthE for unless the number were large" no fund so considerable as this Mourney
re1uires could ha)e been raised by a popular subscription of fi)e dollars from each
Z * $ruthC,ee&er *round the %orldR a ,eries of #etters written while ma&ing a $our of the :lobe"
(y /" M" (ennett" Vol" 1" 4rom 9ew <or& to /amascus" 9ew <or&, 1221C23"
Page 1DH
Mr" (ennettQs obser)ations of tra)el ha)e been regularly published in his Mournal
in the form of letters, and the portion of the trip between 9ew <or& and /amascus
has Must appeared in a thic& )olume of 236 pages, profusely illustrated, and ha)ing a
wellCengra)ed portrait on steel of the author" Mr" (ennett is a type of a class )ery
numerous in the ;nited ,tates, and which has recruited some of the ablest men in
*merican public life@that of the selfCmade" (y dint of strong natural endowments of
mind, bac&ed by a store of bodily )igour, they ha)e forced their way into public
notice and popular leadership, often despite obstacles fit to crush all hope out of
wea&er characters" * representati)e man of this class was the late distinguished
*merican Mournalist and politician, 'orace :reeley, founder and editor of the 9ew
<or& $ribuneE and one cannot turn o)er a leaf of *merican history without seeing the
traces of similar minds ha)ing been at wor&" Mr" (ennettQs path to authorship and
leaderhip in the %estern 4reethought mo)ement did not run through the drowsy
recitation rooms of the college, nor o)er the soft carpets of aristocratic drawing
rooms" %hen his thoughts upon religion filled his head to o)erflowing, he dropped
merchandising and e)oluted into editorship with a cool selfCconfidence that is
thoroughly characteristic of the *merican disposition, and scarcely e)er loo&ed for in
any other race" K$he *mericans in)ented the mon&ey and shod the mos1uitoL@is a
Russian pro)erb expressi)e of the popular idea in that country of the cle)erness of
their transC*tlantic friends" 5ne would naturally loo&, then, to find in a boo& by such
a man rather strength than finish, many 1uaint original )iews of foreign people and
countries without any pretence of that polish which mar&s the literary productions of
the uni)ersity graduate" *nd such, indeed, is what one sees in the )olume under
notice" $he authorQs mission was the uni1ue one of studying and reporting upon the
religious state of the world from the freethin&erQs point of )iew" +t may be described
as an antiCmissionary or antiCreligious pilgrimageE a commission to disco)er not alone
how little or much good the missionaries are doing to the K'eathen,L nor how good
or bad are the )arious other !hristian nations, but also whether !hristian *merica can
draw any good lessons in morals or religion from the hoary ci)ili.ations of *sia"
Page 1D2
$his duty Mr" (ennett has performed to the extent possible within the brief time
allowed him in each country to loo& o)er his ground" 'e ma&es many shrewd
obser)ations, more particularly in 6urope and the 'oly #and, where his long
pre)ious study of !hristianity fitted him to grasp its relations with the state of things
he witnessed" 'is is not a boo& to be read with either pleasure or patience by the
professed !hristian, but it is admirably adapted to his audienceE and the popular
receptions which, in the latest ad)ices from *merica, are reported as being gi)en to
him by crowds of sympathi.ers all along the line of the Pacific Railway, show that he
has largely added to his influence with that rapidlyCgrowing party which is assailing
!hristian theology Kfrom e)ery coign of )antage"L $hree )olumes are to complete the
wor&, and the three are ad)ertised at the remar&ably low cost of fi)e dollars, or about
Rs" 13C3CB"Z
Z U!onsult the *ppendix of the present Volume for biographical data about /" M" (ennett"@
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 3G2V
>* Pamphlet published by a good and 'oly Man"?
%e ha)e been &indly fa)oured with a copy of a little pamphlet entitledR K$'6
$'65,5P'+!*# ,5!+6$< *9/ +$, 45;9/6R,E an honest 6n1uiry into their
*ims and Proceedings"L M*:9* 6,$ V6R+$*, >YY?"
%e ha)e no doubt that the compiler is a good, simple man, )ery modest@since
his compilation is published anonymously@and means well, as his production is sold
by the !hristian $ract ,ociety, e)idently under the auspices of the good missionaries"
Page 1D9
(ut good intentions alone will not unfortunately suffice to produce a useful, or
e)en a readable, pamphletE some mental capacity is re1uisite to understand the points
at issue, and some Mudgment to a)oid reproducing, under the belief that they are facts,
fictions, and forgeries, put forward by less wellCintentioned persons than himself and
patrons" $hat the compiler is well intentioned >to his own party? no one can doubt" 'e
is well intentioned@for, he writes pro bono publicoE that his character is saintly, may
be inferred from the holy horror he shows at the undeniable deceit, per)ersity, and
ungodliness of the heroes of his exposS@the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ocietyE
and that he is a man of culture@who can doubt@since he calls Madame (la)ats&y
Ka liarLP ,he is a liar, he says, since she publicly denies in print that Kthe
$heosophical ,ociety was e)er a (ranch of the *rya ,amaM"L *nd yet her abo)eC
gi)en statement is pro)ed by documentary e)idence o)er the signature of ,wami
/ayanand himself in the 6xtra ,upplement to this issue >which please read?" *mong
the many truthful statements in this K'onest 6n1uiryL into the proceedings of the
leading $heosophists, we find such sensational news as the followingR
KMr" ,innett before bringing out his boo&, entitled $he 5ccult %orld, had se)eral
pri)ate inter)iews with the Pandit >/ayanand? from whom he borrowed many ideas
respecting X<og VidyaQ >i"e" 5ccult ,cience?" *ccordingly, Mr" ,innett cannot lay
claim to the originality of the wor&LYY +f the good compiler, who winds up by begging
>)ain prayer, we fearY? that the world may hear no more of $heosophy, could only
reali.e the number and extent of the misstatements that he has succeeded in
embodying in his little pamphlet, we fear that his remorse would pre)ent him from
underta&ing any such literary wor& in the future, which@would be a pity"
Page 1GB
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, pp" 3G9C36BV
4or o)er two years e)er since the now exploded cra.e of suspecting Madame
(la)ats&y of being a KRussian spy,L was blushingly consigned to the limbo of dead
delusions by the gentlemen of the 4oreign 5ffice@public opinion has been as
changeful as a monsoon s&y regarding its duty to recogni.e the rights of $heosophy
to a hearing" <et hardly any ha)e )iewed it as anything worse than a mild lunacy of
its two modern 4ounders and their de)otees@an abnormal mental state which might
ma&e people stand on their heads, and gra)ely speculate whether the moon is, or is
not made of green cheese" (ut the cry of KwolfL is raised once more, and, this time by
an 6ditor who, metaphorically, shows his teeth" !olonel 5lcottQs farewell lecture at
Madras seems to ha)e depri)ed the &een and farCseeing alarmist of the +ndian /aily
9ews of his sleep and appetite" +n the laudable and philanthropic appeal of our
President to the nati)e graduates of the ;ni)ersities of +ndia to employ their talents
and education for a holier and more patriotic obMect than that of aping 6uropean
)ices, or turning themsel)es into caricatures of (radlaugh and +ngersollE in the wise
and wellCmeaning ad)ice to form into societies for the ele)ation of public morals, the
dissemination of &nowledge throughout the land, the study of ,ans&rit >thereby to dig
out of their ancient wor&s the inexhaustible lore of archaic +ndian wisdom?, the
=eremiah of !alcutta detects a blac& cloud of threatening political omen" 'e sees the
rat in the air"
Page 1G1
$here is, for him, in !olonel 5lcottQs language, a mystic meaning, a &abalistic
portent, a smell of blood" +ndeed, blind must be that man who could fail to percei)e
that Kthe formation throughout +ndia of affiliated >literary? societies, the members of
which should recogni.e the necessity for the strictest discipline, and the most perfect
subordination to their leaders,L would become pregnant with potencies of political
cataclysmsY $he implication@in the present case, howe)er, being from premises
spontaneously generated in the substrata of the editorial consciousness, with no
colour whate)er from anything !olonel 5lcott has e)er said@can ha)e but one of
two raisons dQetreR >a? a rich exuberance of postprandial fancyE or >b? a determined
purpose to harm a ,ociety, which must ine)itably do good to the future generations of
+ndians, if it fail to do as much for the present one" %e wonder that the sagacious
editor, in his hatred for Madame (la)ats&yQs nationality, has failed to pounce upon
!olonel 5lcottQs lecture on K7oroastrianism,L at (ombay, since his appeal to the
Parsees to form into a sacred and national league to sa)e their 7end *)estas and
/esatirs from utter obli)ion, or desecration at the hands of the oneCsided, preMudiced
5rientalists, was as ardent UasV and far more clearly defined than the similar ad)ice
gi)en to the ("*"Qs and M"*"Qs of Madras" %hat else than red re)olution can such
language mean as this, which he addressed to the ;ni)ersity graduates, when urging
them to form a Knational union for the propagation and defence of 'indu nationality,
if not 4aithRL K+f,L said he, Kyou could but organi.e into one grand union throughout
the three presidencies, first, for selfCcultureE and, then, for the impro)ement of 'indu
morals and spirituality, and the re)i)al of *ryan science and literatureE if you would
encourage the foundation of ,ans&rit schools, etc", etc"LE the other suggested obMects
being support of Pandits, printing )ernacular translations from the ,ans&rit, the
writing and circulation of religious tracts, catechisms, etc", the setting their
countrymen an example of )irtue, and the suppression of )ice" !learly, all this
cleansing of 'indu morals and re)i)al of *ryan learning, needs loo&ing afterE and it
would not surprise us to hear that ,ir 4ran& ,outer had been as&ed by the 9ews editor
to watch our 'ead1uarters for dynamite done up in catechism co)ersY
Page 1G3
(ut if the ad)ent of two foreigners >a RussoC*merican and a fullCblown *merican? to
+ndia Kwho preach up the lo)e of learningL may, and ought to be construed into their
Kreally preaching a political mo)ement,L how is it that +ndian ;ni)ersities, left for
years in the sole care of Kforeigners,L of :erman and other PrincipalsE =esuit colleges,
entirely in the hands of :erman Roman !atholicsE and Mission ,chools conducted by
an army of *merican padris, pro)o&e no such political fearP %here, we as&, is the
Kstrictest discipline and the most perfect subordination to their leadersL more
demanded and enforced than in such sectarian bodiesP $he farseeing editor is right in
his pessimistic remar&s upon Mr" *" 5" 'umeQs &ind letter in answer to his cry of
alarm" 9either the President of the 6clectic $heosophical ,ociety, nor yet the
K6nglish section of the $heosophical ,ociety,L can &now from their ,imla heights
Kthe whole of the purposes of the two leadersLE for instance, their present determined
purpose of pro)ing, by their deeds and their wal& in life, that some editors must be no
better than Kwindbags"L *nd he is also as right in remar&ing that since the words of
!olonel 5lcott ha)e been literally reported@scripta manet as he says@that will
allow the public to ac1uaint themsel)es with the exact words of the lecturer, and so
turn the laugh on the doughty editor" *nd since he started with the half of a #atin
pro)erb @to his scripta manet >it is singular that he did not use the plural?@we retort
the other half )erba )olent, and consign his words to the winds" <et, not altogetherE
for we &eep a special scrapboo& where are gummed for the instruction of the coming
race of $heosophists the records of fatuous attac&s upon oursel)es and our cause"
Page 1G3
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 36BV
,ceptics often taunt the ,piritualists with the fact that their mediums, though
claiming to be inspired and KcontrolledL by the spirits of the great men of the past,
including the most eminent philosophers, historians, scientists, and religious teachers,
rarely tell us anything of any )alue" %orse still, that they utter too often the merest
trash and try to father it upon some great man, who is not here to protest against such
tric&ery" $he point is but too well ta&en, as e)ery candid ,piritualist is ready to
confess, and, though there is an increasing disposition to loo& more to the matter
uttered by the medium than the alleged source, yet there are still hosts of credulous
de)otees who swallow the dose for the sa&e of the label" %e were personally
ac1uainted, in *merica, with se)eral worthy ,piritualists of both sexes, and ha)e
heard of others in 6urope, who innocently claim to &now and be personally guided by
=esus !hristE some going so far as to a)er that he has appeared to them as a
Kmateriali.edL form in mediumistic circles, and one@a wellC&nown public lecturer
on ,piritualism@ha)ing the hardihood to say that =esus had thus stood before one of
the lecturerQs audiences in a public hall, and Knodded appro)inglyL to indicate his
$hese reminiscences are called up by a letter to the 'erald of Progress, from a
sensible correspondent, who shows up the stupid ignorance displayed by a Kspea&ing
mediumL@a platform lecturer who pretends to be controlled or inspired by some
spirit@at Manchester recently"
Page 1GD
*t a public meeting the audience was gi)en permission to name the subMects of
discourse" $he one chosen was KRigCVedaR what is itP how long has it existedP and in
what form was it gi)en to the worldPL * good subMect in any case, and an especially
good one to let the KspiritsL try their hand at" $hey triedE and@here is the resultR $he
Vedas@the audience were told@is Kthe sacred boo& of the (uddhistE it was written
on the ban&s of the :angesE it dated bac& HBB years before the birth of =esusYL ,hades
of VedaCVyasa and all the glorious company of the Rishis and MunisY %hat nextP
*nd to thin& that Manchester is but a few miles comparati)ely from 5xford, where
Professor Max M^ller is at wor& on his Vedic translations, and Professor Monier
%illiams and his protSgS Pandit ,hamMi 8rishna)arma, 4"$",",Z are laying the
foundations of the +ndian +nstituteY /eath is an ugly thing to face at best, but a tenfold
pang is added to it when one thin&s how humbugging Ktrance spea&ersL will be free
to play duc&s and dra&es with oneQs reputation and oneQs writings, after oneQs death if
they chooseE and how some will be sure so to choose"
Z U,ee Vol" +, p" D3H, for pertinent data about this )ery remar&able scholar and his relation with the
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 1B, =uly, 1223, p" 363V
$he editor of the ReligioCPhilosophical =ournal has microscopic intuitions, it
seems" +n a recent number he saysR K$here are animalcules, we ha)e no doubt, that
ha)e a )oice as sweet and melodious as the morning songsters as they welcome the
opening day with their loud acclaims"L $his is the farthest stretch of fancy within our
Page 1GG
%e ha)e heard of singing mice, and only the other day science has disco)ered
through the person of one of her learned :erman .oologists that the li.ard, hitherto
belie)ed )oiceless, was li&ewise a candidate for the opera, would that pretty KinsectL
but consent to open its larynx a little wider" (ut fancy a concert of animalculae in a
drop of editorial in&Y %e can now well imagine, why some of our contemporaries
write so sweetly about us" %hen the editor of the ReligioCPhilosophical =ournal called
us such sour names@as he often indulged in, and as he did but the other day in his
paper@the animalcular orchestra must ha)e been playing discords" Perhaps the
conductor had gone to an adMacent globule to hear some new 7oophyte soprano, and
the sweet songsters had no one to guide themP
U$he Philosophic +n1uirer, Madras, =uly 33, 1223V
$o the 6ditor, Philosophic +n1uirer"
My dear ,ir and (rother,@+ send you the enclosed letter from !olonel 5lcott@
who has Must left for !eylon@to be inserted in your Mournal" +t is addressed to
K$heosophists,L and + hope sincerely may do you good, were it but by showing them
the sympathy their President feels for you@the latest )ictim of the 6xpurgatorial (ull
of the 4reethought ;nionQs Pope" + also trust that our numerous 4ellows of Madras
and other parts of +ndia, will not, after reading it, remain indifferent to the appeal, but
will endea)our to show that our ,ociety is a real, not a nominal K;nionLE and that it
stands on too high a moral platform for them to permit to any of its members
expressions and acts so redolent of sectarian intolerance and wretched bigotry as
those we find in the aborti)e little stranger, called $hin&er, the organ of the Madras
K4reethought ;nion"L
Page 1G6
<es, as free@+ fear, as Roman !atholics are to Moin a Masonic #odge or ta&e
communion in the Methodist !hurch" 6n)iable freedom indeedY 4ree to mo)e, and
thin& and ha)e their being, within the narrow circle of that mar)ellous ;nionQs (yC
#aws and RulesE but forthwith excommunicated, the moment they dare to step
outside that circle, to thin& for themsel)es, or forget their sla)ish allegiance to these
great champions of mental freedom" 5h, poor sheep of the Panurgean floc&E docile
animals, obediently trotting in the trac& of their leading ramY *nd now your
benighted Madras can fairly claim to ha)e made itself a ri)al to old proud Venice, for
it also has its K/ra)idianL !ouncil of $en" 4ancy only, a !ouncil of hardly bearded
+n1uisitors and ,enators, of lads mas1uerading as stern Mudges, inexorable as 4ate
itself, sitting in midnight !ouncil and refusing to accept Kthe resignation,L but
Kremo)ingL@li&e a cancer from a healthy body >P? @the resigners" ,uch delin1uents
as Mr" P" Murugesa Mudaliar, our (rother, who ha)e profaned the sanctity of the
Madras '"4";" by adding to the appelation of 4reethin&ers that of 4"$",", i"e", who
ha)e become real, broad !atholic freethin&ers, instead of remaining the humble
Kpersonal attendantsL@a &ind of secularistic Ma)an@of a KV"V"9",L ought to feel
more proud than grie)ed at such a Kremo)ing"L $he word remo)ing is good, and
really ought to be adopted by all the freethin&ing K("*"QsL of the '"4";" %e ha)e
se)eral real not bogus 4reethin&ers in our ,ociety at (ombay@the most inexorable
among whom, as regards KghostsL and Kspirits,L is /r" /udley of *merica, now its
ViceCPresident and for two years its President" ;pon reading that we were Kdubbed
with the significant appellation of XPseudoCMesmeristsQL@KsignificantL in its
insignificance, of course@they laughed o)er the '"4";" to their heartQs contentE but
doubted whether our *merican 4reethin&ing 4"$",", some of the most prominent
among whom ha)e been 4ellows of our ,ociety from the beginning, would feel )ery
proud of their Madras colleagues"
Page 1GH
$hus, + hope, Mr" P" Murugesa Mudaliar will sur)i)e the shoc&, and console
himself with the thought that there are e)en more KpseudoL freethin&ers than pseudoC
mesmerists in this world of MayaE for the true ,ecularist has ne)er yet aped the ways
of the Romish !hurch" *nd the 4reeCthin&ing editor of the Philosophic +n1uirer may
well ta&e example from such nobleCminded, liberal freethin&ers as Mr" '" :"
*t&inson, notwithstanding his utter disbelief in :hosts, and spiritual communications
@a disbelief in which the 4ounders of the $"," follow suit, and concur entirely with
him@this broadCminded gentleman, sent to Mr" %" '" 'arrison, the editor of the
#ondon ,piritualist, who does belie)e in :hosts@the following which we copy from
Psyche, formerly the ,piritualist"
Mr" *t&inson, the author of #etters to Miss Martineau, writes for publicationR
My dear 'arrison,@<ou are 1uite welcome to use my nameE it may indicate
that nonCspiritists are your friends, and appreciate your scientific purpose and
philosophical freedom" + ha)e always said that your conduct in editing $he
,piritualist was almost fair, enlightened and praiseworthy" %ishing you all success"
Very truly yours,
'69R< :" *$8+9,59"
(oulogneCsurCMer, May, 1223"
5ur firm belief is that Mrs" *nnie (esant and Mr" !harles (radlaugh, one@
whose great intellect and remar&able steadfastness of purpose has made her respected
e)en by her enemies, and the other@himself the )ictim of unprecedented bigotry@
would rather side with Mr" *t&inson than the KV"V"9"QsL and his coadMutors of the
<ours fraternally,
'" P" (#*V*$,8<
!orresponding ,ecretary, $heosophical ,ociety"
(ombay, =uly 1Dth, 1223"
Page 1G2
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, p" 363V
$he end of the third year of publication has come >Volume +++ ends with the
,eptember number?, and still $he $heosophist exists and thri)es, despite its enemies"
* large number who subscribed for it at the beginning are still its patrons, and, better
yet, its friends" +ts healthy influence upon *siatic thought is greater than at any
pre)ious time, as the responses from all parts of +ndia to the PresidentQs !ircular,
which appeared in the =uly number, plainly show" $ime, which has torn the mas&s
from so many false friends, has but made more e)ident the fact that $he $heosophist
and its founders are the staunch champions of e)ery man and e)ery mo)ement whose
obMect is to impro)e the intellectual, moral, and spiritual condition of the *ryan and
+ranian races" $he broad eclectic policy, promised for the maga.ine, has been rigidly
adhered to, and to the extent of our ability we ha)e tried to lay the truth about the
worldQs archaic religions before an impartial world" $his has been done at the hea)y
cost of a series of public attac&s upon our good faith, and ungenerous
misrepresentations of our moti)es, which, foreseeing, we might ha)e easily a)oided
if we had been false to our con)ictions" $he *siatic public has gi)en us the proofs of
its sympathy in a support of the maga.ine as generous as perhaps we could ha)e
expected under the circumstances" 4ar more might ha)e been done if our warmest
friends had exerted themsel)es as a body to get new subscribersE but still the
publication has more than paid its way as it is, and the entire profits ha)e been gi)en
by the Proprietors towards the expenses of the $heosophical ,ociety, as they will be,
no doubt, in future"
Page 1G9
%e ne)er set oursel)es up as teachers of *ryan philosophy and science, but
promised to gi)e out, for the benefit of this in1uiring age, such facts of interest as
might come under our notice" 5ur great desire has been to foster a school of nati)e
students of, and writers upon, those maMestic themes, and to arouse into )ital acti)ity
the latent talent which abounds in the +ndian race especially" ,uch will continue to be
our endea)our, and as time runs on, this de)elopment must of necessity ta&e place"
*lready it is most apparent that the seed we ha)e sown is germinatingE ,ans&rit
schools are springing up, the longCneeded !atechism of 'indu 6thics is being
ad)ertised for publication, the esoteric meaning of the ancient religious boo&s and
ceremonial rites is being en1uired into, societies to promote national culture are being
organi.ed, both as (ranches of our Parent ,ociety and independentlyE translations
and commentaries multiply, and there is a larger demand for wor&s by nati)e authors
than there e)er was before" $here is also noted an impro)ed moral tone among +ndian
youth, and a warm and unprecedented interest among ;ni)ersity graduates in their
ancestral literature" *ll this is most cheering to the proMectors of this maga.ine, and
they assume the publication of its 4ourth Volume with the greatest pleasure, seeing
the happy results of past labour"
$he Proprietors of $he $heosophist ha)e ne)er touted for it, nor adopted the
usual commercial expedients to secure for it a large circulation" $hey will not do so
nowR the merits of the publication must ser)e as its sole recommendation" +f its
friends, and especially the 4ellows of our ,ociety, can reconcile with their sense of
duty to abstain from helping it, we shall not reproach them" *ll that need be said is,
that the wider its circulation, the more will be done for the moral regeneration of
+ndia, and the more liberal will be our donations to the ,ociety of our creation and
our lo)e" +t would also be a &indly act if Mournals, friendly to us, were to announce
our new Volume"
Page 16B
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, *ugust, 1223, p" 36DV
U!aptain *" (anon gi)es an interesting account of his tra)els in the :ungotri
Valley and his )isit to $huling, in $ibet, where there is a lamasery belonging to the
redCcap mon&s" 'e saysR K$he $huling #amas are great sorcerersE and can &ill people
at a distance by simply willing it"L '" P" (" comments on thisRV
$hat they are possessed of great mesmeric powers is a fact" * month passed in
their edifying company is conduci)e neither to spiritual enlightenment, nor
purification of morality"
U$he writerQs reference to Kmiracles performed by the #amasL is commented
upon by '" P" ("RV
9ot by the high #amas, or K<ellowC!aps,L who will ne)er perform anything
before a promiscuous crowd" (ut there will be Kreligious mysteriesL in e)ery great
and small #amasery, and the KPanchhen RimpocheL or the 'igh #ama of $ashiC
#h^npo, with all his genCdun >clergy?, will be in)esting newlyCinitiated gelungs with
ngoCdh^b, or spiritual powersR for this year mar&s the end of an important cycle" (ut
this is ne)er performed publicly, but only behind the impassable barrier of the pri)ate
sanctuaries of the #amaseries, the #haC&hang, or inner temple"
UK$he people of $ibet are much oppressed, as the eldest son in e)ery family is
made a #ama"LV
5ur friend and correspondent was misinformed" $his custom is a religious one,
and weighs upon the $ibetans less than that of the 'indus in the performance of their
caste and religious duties" $hey would not gi)e it up, if they could"
Page 161
U$he writer states that it is the habit of officials, while passing through the
country, to loot the people"V
$rueE but only in regard to !hinese officials, not to $ibetans"
UK+n spite of the miraculous powers of the #amas, the country is misgo)erned,
and they seem a helpless lotLV
'ow does our correspondent &nowP +s it by relying on the information of a few
illiterate nati)e traders he might ha)e tal&ed withP
UK*t the beginning of the present century, they could not pre)ent the 9epaulese
army sac&ing and pillaging the great #amasery of $ashiC#h^npo"LV
*gain, an error based upon the 6uropean ignorance about the real state of affairs
in $ibet" +n the first place, the :elu&pas, or <ellowC!aps, would rather submit to any
sacrifice than to &ill people@e)en their greatest enemiesE such brutality is left to the
/ugCpa sorcerers" $hen it was not Kat the beginning of the present century,L that the
9epaulese army sac&ed and pillaged the great #amasery of $ashiC#h^npo, but in
1H93E and in that year the $ashiC#ama was a child hardly ten years old, and his
Regent, !hanCtyu 8usho, the brother of the late $ashiC#ama, was no KmiracleC
producingL #ama, but a laymanE and, in the presence of a KReincarnation,L or a
reincarnated (odhisatt)a >such as was the $ashiC#amaQs successor?, no subordinate
#ama, howe)er high may be his powers, can, under their laws, ta&e the responsibility
of any initiatory step in a difficult political medley, unless the $ashiC#ama gi)es
personally his orders@and the little #ama did not gi)e any" $he details are well
&nown" and the reasons plain"
UK* year or two ago, three !hinese #amas came to 9ilang, and, after being well
treated, commenced to &ill and eat the cattle, and ended up by ra)ishing some =ad
*gain, these #amas were probably of the /ugCpa sects and were not $ibetans,
since they were !hinese, and our belief is that it would be difficult to find any
K<ellowC!apL guilty of such a crime" $herefore, this is no case in point"
Page 163
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223 p" 366V
U+n this paper, written in 1211 and treating of Mohammedan mysticism, the
statement is made that Kthe ,ufi has no religion"L 5n this '" P" (" remar&sRV
$hat is to say, no external, ritualistic, and dogmatic religion" $he same may be
said of e)ery Mahatma, or any one who seriously stri)es to become one" 'e is a
$heosophist and must stri)e after Kdi)ine,L not human, wisdom"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 362 369V
+n the =une number of $he $heosophist, (abu Purno !handra Mu&erMee
enumerates certain processes resorted to by persons practicing $harana, in their
treatment of sic& patients" + adopt a certain method of curing persons suffering from
sprain, and + wish to &now whether the cure thus effected can be regarded as effected
by mesmerism"
+ cause the patient to be seated at some distance before me, and on learning what
part of his body is affected, + simply rub with my hand the corresponding part of my
own body, pronouncing a mantram at the same time"
Z U$his communication is from 9" !hidambaram +yer, ("*", and is followed by '" P" ("Qs 6ditorial
Page 163
$his rubbing + continue for less than fi)e minutes" $he patient finds himself perfectly
cured in less than six hours after he lea)es me" +t is now four years since l learned the
mantram and, if + may trust my memory, + thin& + ha)e successfully treated about
twenty cases, ha)ing failed in only one instance, in which + ha)e had reasons to
suspect that there had been some serious inMury to the part affected" ,ome of the cases
treated by me ha)e been rather acute ones, and, in some, the patients had suffered for
o)er a fortnight before they came to me" +n only two cases, ha)e + had to treat the
patients for two or three consecuti)e days"
+f any credit is due to me for possessing any innate &nowledge of mesmerism,
the following will show that + ne)er for a moment sat down to practice the art to
become successful in it"
4our years ago, a (rahman offered to teach me the mantram if + would teach
him in return a mantram for the cure of scorpion bite, in which + was considered an
adept" + agreed to do soE but when the (rahman said that + should not expect to
achie)e anything li&e success if + did not, as a preliminary measure, repeat the
mantram a hundred thousand times, + told him that + should li&e to learn it only if he
would &indly ma&e o)er to me the effect of a hundred thousand of his own
repetitions" $his he did by pouring into my hand a 1uantity of water@a process by
which, according to the 'indus, gifts are effected" 4rom this time forth + ha)e been
successful in curing persons suffering from sprains without touching or e)en
approaching them"
9ow two 1uestions will naturally occur to the readerR firstly, whether + may be
considered to ha)e ac1uired any &nowledge of mesmerism in the case stated abo)eE
and secondly, whether the effect or the power which one ac1uires by practicing
mantras is really transferable"
*ll that + ha)e stated is perfectly correct, and + ma&e no secret of the affair, but
am perfectly willing to teach the mantram to anyone wishing to learn it"
+n one place you say that, when a cure is effected by a mantram, what really
effects the cure is what you call the Kwill power"L + wish to &now whether, in the
described case, + exercise any Kwill powerL un&nown to me, and whether + can at all
be considered to exercise such power, when it has not been ac1uired, but only
transferred to me by another person" %ill you &indly consider the subMect and render
some explanation as to what has ta&en place"
(efore pronouncing an offChand denunciation against the possibility, or
concei)ability, of a connection between cause and effect in cases li&e the abo)e,
sceptics will do well to gi)e the matter a trial themsel)es by learning some mantram
and obser)ing its effect on patients"
Page 16D
6ditorQs 9ote"@
+t is extremely difficult to say, after hearing, for the first time, and so
superficially, a case li&e the one in hand, whether it is, or is not, Kmesmerism,L and
Kwill power"L +t is a wellCascertained fact that, by means of the former, hundreds of
thousands ha)e been cured, and by using the latter, people, gi)en up for years by
physicians as incurable, ha)e gone on li)ing, despite professional prognostications"
*s to the recitation of mantrams producing an immediate relief, this is 1uite a
different thing" %e cannot call their effect KmesmerismL@since the curati)e agency
in that is an animal aura, force, or fluid in one person, by means of which a peculiar
action is set up in the physical system of another@whether without or with direct
contact" %e confess, we do not see, how anything of that &ind@we mean a ner)ous
fluid or force@can be said to reside in a mantram, e)en as a potentiality, since a
mantram is simply a recitation of certain )erses held sacred among the 'indus" <et, if
repeated loudly and after a certain rule of phonetics, i"e", chanted in a peculiar way,
we do not &now why the resultant sound could not possess as curati)e a power in
itself as a mesmeric Kforce"L $he latter is neither more ponderable, nor more )isible,
than the former, and is certainly not audible, which sound is" +f the dulcet tones of a
flute ha)e been &nown to soothe, and in many instances to arrest for a considerable
time the throbbings of the ner)es in fits of sciatica@why not the rhythmic sounds of
a ,ans&rit mantramP $he forefathers of many (rahmans@if not the latter the
themsel)es@must ha)e certainly &nown more of the mystery of sound than Professor
$yndall, e)en though that learned gentleman has succeeded in drawing musical
sounds from fire and imponderable gases" +t is the :od cabda (rahmI called also
8ala (rahmI :ouri@one of the mystic names for *8*c*, which gi)es rise to occult
sound@the initiates say" *nd the ancient :ree& mystics, e1ually with the %estern
occultists and the adept (rahmans, all agreed in teaching that sound emanated from
the *stral #ight, or *&a[a, in its purest essence"
Page 16G
$he 'indu occultist, or de)otee, while practising RaMa <oga, hears the occult
sounds as emanating from his own MNlIdhIra@the first of the series of six centres of
force in the human body >fed at the inexhaustible source of the se)enth or the ;9+$<,
as the sum total of all? and &nows that it emanates from there, and from nowhere else"
(ut, before our correspondent can reali.e fully our meaning, he will ha)e to learn the
important difference between *stral 4ire and *stral #ight" /oes he &now itP 'as he
assured himself personally of this differenceP +t is not sufficient to &now a thing
theoretically, as it will be only leading to eternal confusion, e)en Kby learning some
mantram, and trying its effects on patients,L unless one &nows the philosophy@so to
say, the rationale of the cure" 6)en success is no proof that it may not turn out )ery
inMurious some day" $herefore, before one becomes a practitioner, he ought to become
a student"
*nd now arises the 1uestionR /id the (rahman@who transferred the gift of
curing by a certain mantram to our correspondent@&now himself anything of the
power he was so transferring, or did he simply do that mechanicallyP
+f he was an initiate@well and goodE but, in such case, how happened it that he
as&ed one, who was not an adept, to teach him in returnP ,uch are not the ways of
initiates" *n adept, ac1uainted with one !69$R6, &nows them all, since there is but
one centre, of 5ccult 4orce in nature" 'e &nows that in the centre of the *stral 4ire
must he search in nature for the origin of e)ery sound@and it is sound@the Vach@
that is the curati)e agent in a mantram" ,uch a man &nows that it is from this centre
alone, ne)er from the circumference of the ,'*$8595 !'*8R*,Z that the sounds
transmitted >e)en by the external currents of *stral #ight or 6ther? proceed, while the
six di)erging points >which represent the radiations of this central point? but con)ey
and echo them from within without, and )ice )ersa, in e)ery occult process of nature"
Z $he hexagonal wheel, or sixCpointed star@the wheel of Vishnu with the 'indusE ,olomonQs seal
@with the %estern 8abalists" +t is, in this ease, the representation of the *stral 4ire, the se)enth
being represented by the central point" +n this connection, one would do well to study the article on
the fi)e and sixCpointed star in the 36th number of $he $heosophist, 9o)ember, 1221
U$he article referred to may be found in Volume +++ of the present ,eries"@!ompiler"V
Page 166
+t is within and from a gi)en point in space >which must always be central,
whereCsoe)er it is placed? that the force which is at the basis of any phenomena, in
whatsoe)er element, proceedsE for this centre is the KseatL of the unmanifested deity
@says the esoteric (rahmanical doctrine@of the K*)ya&tabrahm,L and stands for the
se)enth principle within the six points of the cha&ra" *ll the forces in nature, whether
great or small, are trinities completed by 1uaternariesE all@except the 596, the
!R5%9 of the *stral #ight" +f we say that nature has in reality se)en, not fi)e or
e)en four, elements, some of our readers may laugh at our ignorance, but an initiate
would ne)er do so, since he &nows )ery well what we mean" 'e &nows that, in the
case in point >the power of a mantram?, it is through occult sounds that the adept
commands the elemental forces of nature" ,*(/* R(*'MiQ, )ehicle is called
,hadMa, and the latter is the basic tone in the 'indu musical scale" +t is only after
reaching the stage called $ribeni and passing through the study of preliminary
sounds, that a <ogi begins to see 8ala (rahmI, i"e", percei)es things in the *stral
#ight" %hen our correspondent will ha)e mastered the nadis and niddhis of the RaMaC
<oga, and reached at least the abo)eCnamed stage, then will he comprehend what we
mean in saying that a gradual de)elopment of the mental and physical occult faculties
is the method used by the true adept in studying the RaMaC<oga" $he practice of
blindly KtransferringL and Krecei)ingL@is that of sorcerers, whether they are so
consciously or unconsciously" Moreo)er, the ignorant practice of 'athaC<oga leads
one in)ariably into that undesirable ac1uisition" $he 'athaC<ogi either becomes a
sorcerer, or learns practically nothingE or more fre1uently yet, &ills himself by such
an inMudicious practice" $he mantram ignorantly employed may, and often has,
pro)ed a treacherous weapon, whose mystical power has caused it to turn and stab the
Page 16H
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, p" 3HBV
UProfessor #ionel (eale, in an address before the members of the Victoria
Philosophical +nstitute, #ondon, referred to the opinions existing among scientific
men as to the worth of the Kphysical doctrine of life"L 'e saidR Kno form of the
hypothesis which attributes the phenomena of the li)ing world to mere matter and its
properties has been, or can be, Mustified by reason" " " " + belie)e all materialistic
doctrines " " " will be found to agree in accepting as a truth " " " the monstrous
assumption that the li)ing and the nonCli)ing are one" " " "L '" P" (" commentsRV
$he assumption is KmonstrousL indeed, as presented to us by modern
materialism which reMects with the idea of a personal creator, e)ery other intelligent
principle in nature" (ut is it more KmonstrousL or less illogical to attribute the
creation of a boundless uni)erse out of nothing and to father the same upon a finite
and conditioned personal deityP $here is much to say on both sidesE and )ery soon it
will be said"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 3H1C3H3V
U$he writer of the article, %" R" 4rin&, ha)ing been much interested in the
accounts gi)en in $he $heosophist of the powers of the 'indu <ogis to assume at will
a cataleptic condition, to proMect the astral, to wal& upon the surface of water or
le)itate themsel)es, as&s whether the flight of the birds and the swimming of the
fishes is produced at will, as in the case of the <ogis" $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
Page 162
%e would fain answer the friendly )oice from the Mormon metropolis to the full
satisfaction of the writer, did he but deal with problems demanding less elaborate
explanation" +n )iew of the fact that occult science explains the mysteries of birdC
flying and fishCswimming on principles entirely opposed to the accepted scientific
theory of the day, one might well hesitate before putting out the true explanation"
'owe)er, since we already stand so low in the fa)our of the orthodox scientists, we
will say a few words upon the subMectE but they must be few indeed" K+f,L writes our
correspondent, Kwe ta&e the position that birds ha)e the power to ma&e themsel)es
light or hea)y at will, the phenomenon of their flight becomes easy to comprehend"L
*nd why not ta&e up such a positionP %hether by instinct or will, whether an
effect identical with another is produced consciously or unconsciously, by animal or
man, the cause underlying that in)ariable and identical result must be one and the
same, barring di)ersity of conditions and exceptions as to unimportant details" $he
action of certain fishes which, by swallowing large draughts of air, distend an internal
bag and thereby, becoming specifically lighter, float abo)e the surface of the water,
does not militate against the scientific theory of swimming, when it concerns such
fish, man or a bladder filled with air" (ut we are left as wise as e)er when it is a
1uestion of rapid sin&ing, to the bottom, whether by man or whale" +n the former case
such sin&ing might be ascribed to )olition" (ut manQs inability to sin& as rapidly and
to such a depth, e)en though a most experienced di)er@who has to sin& himself by a
stone@pro)es that there must be something more than blind instinct or conscious
)olition" %hat is itP 5ccult science tells us the wordR it is Ka change of polarity and of
normal gra)ity,L not yet admissible by science" %ith birds and animals@as
instincti)e a mechanical action as any other they executeR with man, when he thus
defies the familiar conditions of gra)ity, it is something he can ac1uire, in his training
as a <ogi" $hough the former act unconsciously, and he changes his polarity at will,
the same cause is made operati)e, and both produce an identical effect"
Page 169
$here are certainly alternating changes of polarity going on in the bird while
ascending or dropping, and a maintenance of the same polarity while sailing at any
gi)en altitude"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, p" 3H3V
* !alcutta correspondent as&sR
>a? +s 5ccultism a science a&in to ,piritualismP
>b? %hat are the principal points in which the $heosophists and the ,piritualists
>c? !an a ,piritualist call himself a $heosophist without altering his faithP *nd
)ice )ersaP
>d? + understand you do not belie)e in ,piritualism@then how is it that a
,piritualist has been elected President for the (engal (ranch of the $heosophical
$o which we answerR
>a? $hat $heosophy is a )ery ancient science, while ,piritualism is a )ery
modern manifestation of psychical phenomena" +t has not yet passed the stage of
experimental research"
>b? $he difference is in our theories to account for the phenomena" %e say they
are mainly, though not always, due to the action of other influences than that of the
disembodied conscious spirits of the dead" $he ,piritualists affirm the contrary"
>c? <esE many excellent persons are both, and none need alter his faith"
>d? %e do belie)e in the phenomena, but not as to their cause@as abo)e
Page 1HB
$here being no religious or other test other than that of good moral character
and sympathy with the obMects of our ,ociety, applied by us to those who see& for
admission, the election of the )enerable (abu Peary !hund Mitra, as President of our
(engal (ranch, was not only most proper, but )ery desirable" 'e is certainly the most
spiritual $heosophist and most theosophic ,piritualist we ha)e e)er met"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, p" 3H3V
UReplying to a correspondentQs 1uestions about the doctrines inculcated in the
pamphlet 'ints on 6soteric $heosophy, '" P" (" wroteRV
5ur correspondent need not trouble himself as to what might be the
conse1uences, if all the world should turn ascetics and chelas and train for adeptship"
$here are enough realities in this life for us to loo& into, without concocting such
wild contingencies to )ex oursel)es withal" $here was ne)er a time yet, nor e)er will
be, while this human race lasts, when anything more than a small minority would
de)ote themsel)es to the mighty tas& of selfCcon1uest and spiritual e)olution" $he
adept is as rare as the flower of the Vogay tree, which, the $amil pro)erb says, is most
difficult to see" ,o what our friend read in 'ints on 6soteric $heosophy referred to
the ideal man, the li)ing@and most necessary@type of human perfectibility" $he
mere certainty that such rare powers@psychical and intellectual@and such moral
grandeur, as he exemplifies, are within human reach, gi)es dignity to our common
nature and a worthy model to loo& up to, and, in some degree, pattern after" $he
organs of our body were not Kgi)enL to us at all@if we may credit modern scienceE
they de)eloped themsel)es as occasion re1uiredE and, when disused, they gradually
diminish and disappearR which they would not if Kgi)en"L
Page 1H1
K%hat manQs mission upon earth would be if all were good,L is more than we can say"
$o merely imagine such a state of things is beyond the limited range of our mental
powers" (ut if they were not too good they might, perhaps, try to become better"
$here is no K$heosophical religion,L and e)ery member professes the one he prefers"
%e regret our inability to concur in the suggestion to suppress discussion of the
occult powers of nature, since that is the only thing most needed to extinguish
superstition and sweep away false religions from the face of the earth" 5ur
correspondent does well not to show to any persons who are Kgood !hristians >not
only professing, but beha)ing as such?L any copy of our maga.ine, which may
contain an attac& upon professed !hristians, who do not at all beha)e as suchR our
strictures are not meant for the former, and it would only gi)e them pain to see how
the bad conduct of the others pro)o&es reprisal, and brings disgrace upon the faith
they misrepresent"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 3H2CH9V
$he first numbers of our iconoclastic Madras contemporary in its new 6nglish
garb are on our table" %e confess with pleasure that it has greatly gained by the
change" 9ot only has it impro)ed in its external appearance, but also in the choice of
the matter gi)en" 6specially interesting for us are the contents of its issue of =uly
16th" $he editorial@a re)iew of KMrs" *nnie (esant on the $heosophical ,ocietyL@
is an able and dignified reply to a strange manifesto issued by that lady@we doubt
not@while labouring under entirely misconcei)ed notions about the real nature of
our ,ociety"
Page 1H3
4or one so highly intellectual and &een an obser)er as that renowned writer, to
dogmati.e and issue autocratic u& after she has herself suffered so cruelly and
undeser)edly at the hands of blind bigotry and social preMudice in her lifelong
struggle for freedom of thought, seems, to say the least, absurdly inconsistentY $hat
she must ha)e been labouring under some strange mista&e, is fully pro)ed by her
writing the followingR
=udging by an address from the President of the ,ociety, !olonel 5lcott, it does
hold to some strange theory of KapparitionsL of the dead"""" + trust that 'indu
4reethin&ers will not be led away by his >!olonel 5lcottQs? appeal, for, while
,ecularists would ha)e no right to refuse to enroll $heosophists, if they desired it,
among their members " " " consistent members of our body cannot Moin a society
which professes belief therein Ui"e", in the apparitionsV"
;ntil proofs to the contrary, we prefer to belie)e that the abo)e lines were
dictated to Mrs" (esant by some crafty misrepresentations from Madras, inspired by a
mean, personal re)enge, rather than a desire to remain consistent with the principles
of Kthe scientific materialism of ,ecularism"L %e beg to assure the Radical editors of
the 9ational Reformer, that they were both )ery strangely misled by false reports
about the as radical editors of $he $heosophist" $he term K,upernaturalistsL can no
more apply to the latter than to Mrs" *" (esant or Mr" !" (radlaugh" 5ur ,ociety is
neither a sect of Mumping ,ha&ers who in)ite Kthe ,pirit to mo)e them,L nor a band of
,piritualists who long to hold communion with the KspiritsL of the deadE and that is
precisely why we are held in as poor esteem by the ,piritualists, as they too by the
!hristians" Most of our members decline to belie)e on secondChand testimony, e)en
in the wellCpro)en phenomena of mesmerism" 9or are they in any way bound so to
belie)e, unless they find good cause for it" 4or that )ery reason we are now
compelled to point out the se)eral errors that the editor of the Philosophic +n1uirer@
though himself a K4ellowL of our ,ociety@has constantly been falling into since he
Moined us" ,ome of those mista&es are )ery curious" 4or instance, he saysR
Page 1H3
+t is a matter of fact that both Madame (la)ats&y and !olonel 5lcott are
professed (uddhists, and as (uddhists consistently belie)e in a future state of
existence, and ad)ocate the doctrine of 8arma, which is simply unmeaning to us, as
material atheists, Mudging from our own rational conception, that 1ualities or
characteristics apart from organi.ations cannot be generators of this or that birth,
good or bad"
%hile willingly conceding that, as a Kmaterial atheist,L the editor of the
Philosophic +n1uirer cannot be reasonably expected to &now much of any other KismL
but Kmaterialism,L ne)ertheless, he ought to &now enough of (uddhism to remember
that Kprofessed (uddhistsL would Kconsistently >dis? belie)e and not belie)e in a
future state of existence,L as the ,piritualists do" $he (uddhist belie)es in a future
rebirth, and rebirths innumerable in the K!ycle of 9ecessityLE but no (uddhist,
whether southern or northern, belie)es in a K,oulL as a distinct selfCexisting entity"
'ence he reMects the modern theory about the Kspirits of the dead"L #east of all does
he belie)e in :od as a !reator" $he heresies of K*tta)adaL >belief in soul or self? and
that of ,a&&ayaditthi >the delusion of indi)iduality or personality, i"e", belief in a K+
amL apart from ;ni)ersal 6xistence@together with the belief in the efficacy of rites
and mummeries? are regarded by him as Kprimary delusions,L the direct result of
ignorance or Maya" $he (uddhist ad)ocates 8arma, because, while a)oiding the
superstitious extreme of *tta)ada of the theists, he is firmly confident of the
existence of a law of uni)ersal Moral =ustice, or Retribution" 'e &nows that no
exterior power can obliterate the result of a manQs deeds, and that they must wor& out
to the end, since e)erything in nature is subMect to the law of !ause and 6ffect, and
that science herself is showing us how e)erything is constantly changing" %e doubt
whether the Kscientific materialism of secularismL can e)er hope to reach, let alone
surpass, the Kscientific materialismL of (uddhism" 5nly, while the former feeling
diffident of its own powers of obser)ation and in)estigation, cautiously prefers to
ta&e its ultimate facts of existence in the material )isible uni)erse, scientific
(uddhism carries matter into the in)isible, and ma&es it subMect to the law of cause
and effect in regions, so far, undreamt of by modern material science"
Page 1HD
$here are worlds besides our own@spiritual but in the sight of the short sightedE
still material in that of the fearless pioneers of thoughtR worlds Kwhere de)as li)e and
die, and are again reborn"L $hus, when the editor of the Philosophic +n1uirer assures
his readers that K!olonel 5lcott proclaims his belief in the apparitions of the dead,L
he errs, and leads others into error, since the !olonel proclaims nothing of the &ind@
only his belief in the existence of )arious phenomena, and in that of psychoC
physiological Maya, the latter being with e)ery day more corroborated by science"
%e hope our much persecuted colleague and (rother will fall no more into such
misconceptions, but will remain for e)er true and loyal to his principles of a
4reethin&er and@a 4ellow of the $heosophical ,ociety"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, p" 32BV
+n connection with the highly interesting narrati)e of $" ViMiaragha)a !harlu
>$heosophist for =une? about the stoneCdroppings by Pi[achas in the presence of
Meenatche *mmal, the following memorandum, recently found by !olonel 5lcott
among his old *merican papers, will be )aluable for comparisonR
/6*R ,+R,
Please add to what you ha)e already published, the fact that, at a KcircleL held in
the sitting room of the 6ddy 'omestead, on the e)ening of *ugust 3H, 12H3, the
doors and windows being closed and sealed, a stone, weighing 6D lbs", was suddenly
dropped at my feet" + had noticed the same stone lying outside the house during the
>,igned? :65R:6 R*#P'"
Page 1HG
*pparently, no phenomenon is capable of more conclusi)e demonstration than
that of the disintegrability of stones, and their reCintegrability, by the power of certain
forces clustering about the mediums, and in +ndia called Pi[achas and (huts" $he new
!ommittee of the *cademy of 4rance would do well to in)estigate it as an important
fact in physical science"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 321C323V
Mr" Peter /a)idson, 4"$",", of ,cotland, has sent us the following official report
of a KtestingL of the worldCfamous spirit 'afed, the KcontrolL or KguideL of Mr" /a)id
/uguid, of :lasgow, through whose mediumship the world has been presented with a
boo& called 'afed, Prince of PersiaE of K=an ,teen,L the alleged spirit of the famous
painter of that nameE and of another intelligence which pretends to be a Klearned
(rahman"QQ %e will lea)e it to the Mudgment of our learned 'indu readers, ac1uainted
with their religion, to decide how far he is learned and how much there is of the
(rahman in him" 4rom the Moint replies to Mr" /a)idsonQs 1uestions, there would
seem to be )ery little of either" 5ne would thin& that a transfer of a (rahmara&shasaQs
acti)ity to the cold !aledonian climate, is fatal to his memory and destructi)e to his
learning upon e)en the most familiar +ndian subMects" +f our friends at :lasgow long
for communication with a genuine (rahmara&shasa or (hut, they should send their
mediums here to Ksit for de)elopmentL by an abandoned well or under an
umbrageous haunted treeY
Page 1H6
U$he substance of the report is a series of answers in response to 1uestions put to
the Kspirits"L $o the 1uestionR K%hat power is placed by 5riental occultists in the
9abhacha&ram regionPL the KspiritL of =an ,teen is supposed to replyR K+ ta&e it that
word has reference to one who has power o)er the body, power o)er spirits, and
power also to lea)e the material body" >YY? (ut + will lea)e other 1uestions to some of
our 6astern friends" " " "L $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
$he sceptical public should, perhaps, also Kta&e itL that =an ,teen, the K=olly
/utch painter,L as he is called, was the last Kof all the spiritsL in the whole
,ummerland to dip into occult <og philosophy" 5ne, as addicted as he to good li)ing,
during his lifetime >he is e)en said to ha)e opened a public ta)ernP? a boon
companion, a drin&er of deep potationsE one solely interested@as his biography and
pictures show@in cardCplaying and merryma&ing, would hardly, e)en after 193 years
of bleaching out in the Kambient ether,L ha)e become so spiritually cleansed as to mix
in a company of KspiritsL who &now anything of the K9abhacha&ram regionsLY <et
since the great painter, who, as the :erman critic, 8ugler, has it in his 'andboo& of
the 'istory of Painting, had all the Kelements of genuine low comedyL in him, he may
ha)e put on the philosopherQs robe in Mo&e, as, in the Molly old days, he would ha)e
wrapped himself in a mon&Qs cowl Must Kfor the fun of the thingYL
U$o some mista&en notion of K'afedL regarding (uddhist doctrines '" P" ("
,hadows of the great *rhats and ,wabha)i&as, pray do not feel disturbedY
'afed, an ancient Persian, may be )ery well ac1uainted with the old tenets of
7oroastrianism >Mr" P" /a)idson ought to try him in that department?, but what can
the spirit of a KPrince of PersiaL be expected to &now about 9ir)ana and the Kgood
U+t is also said that some ha)e belie)ed the (rothers or high adepts to be able to
transport themsel)es bodily from one place to another" $hey themsel)es, howe)er,
deny this" '" P" (" saysRV
%e should say, they did" +t is gi)en only to mediums to be transported from one
part of #ondon to another part instantaneously and without feeling the worse for it"
Page 1HH
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 323C32DV
$he old pro)erb, that K$ruth is stranger than fiction,L is again exemplified" *n
6nglish scientist@Professor %illiam Ramsay, of ;ni)ersity !ollege, (ristol@has
Must communicated to 9ature >see number for =une 33? a theory to account for the
sense of smell which is li&ely to attract much attention" *s the result of obser)ation
and experiment, he propounds the idea that smell is due to )ibrations similar to, but
of a lower period than those which gi)e rise to the sense of light and heat" $he
sensation of smell, he explains, is pro)o&ed by the contact of substances with the
terminal organs of the olfactory ner)es, which are spread as a networ& o)er a mucous
membrane lining the upper part of the nasal ca)ity" $he proximate cause of smell is
the minute hairlets of the nasal membrane which connect with the ner)es through
spindleCshaped cells" $he sensation is not excited by contact with a li1uid or solid,
but always with a gas" 6)en in the case of smelling metals, such as brass, copper, tin,
etc", there is a subtle gas or pungent )apour gi)en off by them at ordinary
atmospheric temperatures" $he )arying intensities of smells depend upon their
relati)e molecular weight, the smell growing stronger as the gases rise in molecular
Z U!onsult $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, p" 1B3, which seems to con)ey the meaning that
Master 8"'" contributed at least some ideas in connection with the writing of this article"@
Page 1H2
*s to the 1uality of smell, that he thin&s may depend upon the harmonics of the
$hus, the 1uality of tone in a )iolin differs from that of a flute by the different
harmonics or o)ertones, peculiar to each instrument" + would ascribe to harmonics the
1uality of smell possessed by different substances" " " " ,mell, then, may resemble
sound in ha)ing its 1uality influenced by harmonics" *nd Must as a piccolo has the
same 1uality as a flute, although some of its harmonics are so high as to be beyond
the range of the ear, so smells owe their 1uality to harmonics, which, if occurring
alone, would be beyond the sense"
$wo sounds, heard simultaneously, he remar&s, gi)e a discord or a concord, yet
the ear may distinguish them separately" $wo colours, on the other hand, produce a
single impression on the eye, and it is doubtful whether we can analy.e them" K(ut
smell resembles sound and not light in this particular" 4or in a mixture of smells, it is
possible, by practice, to distinguish each ingredient,L and@in a laboratory
experiment@Lto match the sensation by a mixture of different ingredients"L
*pparently astonished at his own audacity, he brings forward Kthe theory adduced
with great diffidence"L Poor disco)erer, the elephantine foot of the Royal ,ociety may
crush his toesY $he problem, he says, is to be sol)ed Kby a careful measurement of the
XlinesQ in the spectrum of heat rays, and the calculation of the fundamentals, which
this theory supposes to be the cause of smell"L
+t may be a comfort to Professor Ramsay to &now that he is not the first to tra)el
the path he suddenly has found winding from his laboratory door up the hill of fame"
$wenty or more years ago, a no)el, entitled 8aloolah, was published in *merica by
one /r" Mayo, a wellC&nown writer" +t pretended, among other things, to describe a
strange city, situate in the heart of *frica, where, in many respects, the people were
more ci)ili.ed and perfected than contemporary 6uropeans" *s regards smell, for
instance" $he Prince of that country, for the entertainment of his )isitors@the hero of
the story and his party@seats himself at a large instrument li&e an organ, with tubes,
stops, pedals and &eys@and plays an intricate composition@of which the harmonics
are in odours, instead of in sounds as with a musical instrument"

Page 1H9
*nd he explains that his people ha)e brought their olfactory sense, by practice,
to such an ex1uisite point of sensiti)eness as to afford them, by combinations and
contrasts of smells, as high enMoyment as the 6uropean deri)es from a Kconcourse of
sweet sounds"L +t is but too plain, therefore, that /r" Mayo had, if not a scientific, yet
at least an intuiti)e cognition of this )ibratory theory of odours, and that his smell
harmonicon was not so much the baseless image of a romancerQs fancy as the no)elC
readers too& it for when they laughed so heartily at the conceit" $he fact is@as has
been so often obser)ed@the dream of one generation becomes the experience of the
next" +f our poor )oice might without profanation in)ade so sacred a place as the
laboratory of ;ni)ersity !ollege, (ristol, we would as& Mr" Ramsay to ta&e a glance
@Must one furti)e peep, with closed doors, and when he finds himself alone@at >it
re1uires courage to say the wordY? at " " " at " " " at 5ccult ,cience" >%e scarcely dared
spea& the dreadful word, but it is out at last, and the Professor must hear it"? 'e will
then find that his )ibratory theory is older than e)en /r" Mayo, since it was &nown to
the *ryans and is included in their philosophy of the harmonics of nature" $hey
taught that there is a perfect correspondence, or mutual compensation between all the
)ibrations of 9ature, and a most intimate relation between the set of )ibrations which
gi)e us the impression of sound, and that other set of )ibrations which gi)e us the
impression of colour" $his subMect is treated at some length in +sis ;n)eiled"Z $he
5riental adept applies this )ery &nowledge practically when he transforms any
disagreeable odour into any delicious perfume he may thin& ofE *nd thus modern
science, after so long enMoying its Mo&e o)er the puerile credulity of the *siatics in
belie)ing such fairy stories about the powers of their ,adhus, is now ending by being
forced to demonstrate the scientific possibility of those )ery powers by actual
laboratory experimentation" K'e laughs best who laughs lastLE@an adage that the
graduates of +ndia would do well to remember"
Z UVol" +, p" G1D"V
Page 12B
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 32HC322V
*t a number of his lectures !olonel 5lcott has exhibited a crystal from the
:astein Mountains, which was &indly sent him by our )ery esteemed friend and
fellow, the (aroness *delma )on Vay, which has curious properties" +f a person,
naturally endowed with a certain amount of clair)oyant power, for a while into
the crystal, he will see a succession of )isions coming into its heart@landscapes,
scenes by sea and land, faces of li)ing and dead persons, and sometimes messages
written on scrolls which unwind of themsel)es, or printed in boo&s, that appear and
then fade away" $he experiment was tried with do.ens of people, and in many cases
succeeded" 5ne 'indu gentleman saw, besides )arious scenes, the face of his
deceased father and was deeply agitated by the )ision" $hese sights cannot be seen by
e)eryone, nor e1ually well by all who ha)e the conscious clair)oyant power in some
degree" $here is 1uite an extensi)e literature on the subMect of crystal and mirror
)isions, and some seers among whom the historical name of /r" /ee will be recalled
@ha)e aroused great public interest by their real or pretended re)elation" +n this
connection a letter recei)ed by !olonel 5lcott from an old +ndian officer of the army
will be read with interestR
M< /6*R !5#596#,
*fter you left, + held the glass in my hand without any result for some time" *t
last it gradually became so heated, that + thought + should ha)e to relin1uish my hold
of it" *ll this time + remar&ed )ery strange filmy appearances forming in the crystal"
$he temperature of the latter grew less, and as it did so, a ner)ous tremor affected my
hand and arm" + still had the mirror >the crystal? in hand and percei)ed colours of
)aried hues, all )ery brilliant and seeming to mingle with one another in 1uic&
succession, and ma&ing the most beautiful phantasmagoriaY
Page 121
*fter the colours had died away, the same cloudy appearances affected the
mirror, and its temperature again rose@this time, to such a degree that + had to drop it
upon the table" *fter a few seconds + again too& it in my hand and then, to my
astonishment, + saw in it the image of a man whose face is 1uite familiar to me, but
where + ha)e seen him + cannot at present bring myself to recollect" *fter this had
disappeared there came up the image of the little child which + had seen before you
left, and, last of all, there came, as pale shadows, the heads of a woman and a child,
both of which, + thought, + recogni.ed" *t this Muncture my hand and arm were
ner)ously affected again, and the crystal landed with a bounce upon the table"
%ith the recollection of these short, but stri&ing, experiences of the magic
crystal, with which you left me to pass away an hour, allow me to say, my dear
!olonel, that there is more in its crystalline philosophy than + was prepared to creditE
and if the de)il is not in that glass, + am sadly mista&en"
+ may add that, upon loo&ing up from the table to resume my pipe, + percei)ed a
figure standing close to the almirah" $he figure was that of an old man, and bore a
stri&ing resemblance to the one + had seen in " " " three years before" 'e ga.ed intently
upon me for some time, and as + rose from my chair, he wa)ed his hand, and at the
same moment + felt something apparently stri&e me, and + fell bac& in the chair" 5n
reco)ering myself and loo&ing around the room, + could disco)er nothing, but that +
was alone with my own thoughts, and on the table the crystal, and the writing
apparatus wherewith you as&ed me to Mot down what + might see in the e)idently
spirituali.ed atmosphere of your chamber"
<ours )ery sincerely,
6" %" #"
$his is something more than a mere case of clair)oyanceR the element of
mediumship is mingled with it" $he )isions that the officer saw in the crystal were
subMecti)e@the effects of imaginationE while the figure of the old man was probably
that of a Pi[acha" +t is not at all uncommon for those, who see such apparitions, to
recei)e a blowR a case of the &ind, in which se)eral persons were hit, occurred only
the other day at (ombay" %e would not at all recommend persons of the sensiti)e
temperament of our friend, the officer, to pursue researches with crystals or mirrors,
or to sit with others for the spiritualistic phenomena" 4or they are natural mediums,
and our opinion with respect to the dangers of mediumship practised without any
&nowledge of 6astern philosophy has been heretofore so fully set forth that it is
unnecessary to repeat it in this instance"
Page 123
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 11, *ugust, 1223, pp" 322C329V
+n #ight >=uly 2? !" !" M" 1uotes from $he $heosophist >=une, 1223? a sentence
which appeared in the 6ditorQs 9ote at the foot of an article headed K,eeming
/iscrepancies"L $hen, turning to the re)iew of $he Perfect %ay in the same number,
he 1uotes at length from Kan authoritati)e teaching of the later period,L as he adds
rather sarcastically" $hen, again, a long paragraph from +sis" $he three 1uotations and
the remar&s of our friend run thusR
" " " there ne)er was, nor can there be, any radical discrepancy between the
teachings in U+sis ;n)eiledV and those of this later period, as both proceed from one
and the same source@the */6P$ (R5$'6R," >6ditorQs 9ote in K,eeming
'a)ing drawn the attention of his readers to the abo)e assertion !" !" M"
proceeds to show@as he thin&s@its fallacyR
$o begin with, reincarnation@if other worlds besides this are ta&en into account
@is the regular routine of 9ature" (ut reincarnation, in the next higher obMecti)e
world, is one thingE reincarnation on this earth is another" 6)en that ta&es place o)er
and o)er again till the highest condition of humanity, as &nown at present on this
earth, is attained, but not afterwards, and here is the clue to the mystery" " " " (ut once
let a man be as far perfected by successi)e reincarnations as the conditions of the
present race will permit, and then his next reincarnation will be among the early
growths of the next higher world@where the earliest growths are far higher than the
highest here"
Z U!onsult $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, pp" 1H3CH3, and $he #etters of '" P" (la)ats&y to
*" P" ,innett, p" 36, from which it is e)ident that this article was dictated to '"P"(" by Master 8"'"
@ !ompiler"V
Page 123
$he ghastly mista&e, that the modern reincarnationists ma&e, is in supposing
that there can be a return on this earth to lower bodily forms" 9ot, therefore, that man
is reincarnated as man again and again upon this earth, for that is laid down as truth
in the abo)e cited passages in the most positi)e and explicit form" >Re)iew of $he
Perfect %ay in $he $heosophist"?
*nd now for +sisR
K%e will now present a few fragments of this mysterious doctrine of
reincarnation@as distinct from metempsychosis@which we ha)e from an authority"
Reincarnation, i"e", the appearance of the same indi)idual, or rather of his astral
monad, twice on the same planet, is not a rule in natureE it is an exception, li&e the
teratological phenomenon of a twoCheaded infant" +t is preceded by a )iolation of the
laws of harmony of nature, and happens only when the latter, see&ing to restore its
disturbed e1uilibrium, )iolently throws bac& into earthClife the astral monad which
has been tossed out of the circle of necessity by crime or accident" $hus, in cases of
abortion, of infants dying before a certain age, and of congenital and incurable idiocy,
natureQs original design to produce a perfect human being, has been interrupted"
$herefore, while the gross matter of each of these se)eral entities is suffered to
disperse itself at death, through the )ast realm of being, the immortal spirit and astral
monal of the indi)idual@the latter ha)ing been set apart to animate a frame and the
former to shed its di)ine light on the corporeal organi.ation@must try a second time
to carry out the purpose of the creati)e intelligence"
K+f reason has been so far de)eloped as to become acti)e and discriminati)e,
there is no reincarnation on this earth,Z for the three parts of the triune man ha)e been
united together, and he is capable of running the race" (ut when the new being has
not passed beyond the condition of monad, or when, as in the idiot, the trinity has not
been completed, the immortal spar& which illuminates it, has to reenter on the earthly
plane, as it was frustrated in its first attempt" " " " 4urther, the same occult doctrine another possibilityE albeit so rare and so )ague that it is really useless to
mention it" 6)en the modern 5ccidental occultists deny it, though it is uni)ersally
accepted in 6astern countries"L $his is the occasional return of the terribly depra)ed
human ,pirits which ha)e fallen to the eighth sphere@it is unnecessary to 1uote the
passage at length" 6xclusi)e of that rare and doubtful possibility, then, +sis@+ ha)e
1uoted from Volume +, pp" 3G1C3@allows only three cases@abortion, )ery early
death, and idiocy@in which reincarnation on this earth occurs"
+ am a longCsuffering student of the mysterious, more apt to accuse my own
stupidity than to ma&e Kseeming discrepanciesL an occasion for scoffing"
Z U+talics are not '"P"("Qs"@!omp"V
Page 12D
(ut, after all, two and three will not ma&e Must fourE blac& is not white, nor, in
reference to plain and definite statements, is K<esL e1ui)alent to K9o"L +f there is one
thing which + ardently desire to be taught, it is the truth about this same 1uestion of
reincarnation" + hope + am not, as a dutiful $heosophist, expected to reconcile the
statement of +sis with that of this authoritati)e Re)iewer" (ut there is one consolation"
$he accomplished authoress of +sis cannot ha)e totally forgotten the teaching on this
subMect therein contained" ,he, therefore, certainly did not dictate the statements of
the Re)iewer" +f + may conMecture that 8oot 'oomi stands close behind the latter, then
assuredly 8oot 'oomi is not, as has been maliciously suggested, an alias for Madame
!" !" M"
%e hope not@for 8oot 'oomiQs sa&e" Mme (" would become too )ain and too
proud, could she but dream of such an honour" (ut how true the remar& of the 4rench
classicR #a criti1ue est aisSe, mais lQart est difficile@though we feel more inclined to
hang our diminished head in sincere sorrow and exclaimR 6t tu (ruteY@than to 1uote
old truisms" 5nly, where that >e)en? Kseeming discrepancyL is to be found between
the two passages except by those who are entirely ignorant of the occult doctrine@
will be certainly a mystery to e)ery 6astern 5ccultist who reads the abo)e and who
studies at the same school as the re)iewer of $he Perfect %ay" 9e)ertheless the latter
is chosen as the weapon to brea& our head with" +t is sufficient to read 9o" + of the
K4ragments of 5ccult $ruth,L and ponder o)er the septenary constitution of man into
which the triple human entity is di)ided by the occultists, to percei)e that the KastralL
monad is not the K,piritualL monad and )ice )ersa" $hat there is no discrepancy
whatsoe)er between the two statements, may be easily shown, and we hope will be
shown, by our friend the Kre)iewer"L $he most that can be said of the passage 1uoted
from +sis is, that it is incomplete, chaotic, )ague perhaps@clumsy, as many more
passages in that wor&, the first literary production of a foreigner, who e)en now can
hardly boast of her &nowledge of the 6nglish language" $herefore, in the face of the
statement from the )ery correct and excellent re)iew of $he Perfect %ay@we say
again that KReincarnation, i"e", the appearance of the same indi)idual, or rather, of his
astral monad Uor the personality as claimed by the modern ReincarnationistsV, twice
on the same planet, is not a rule in natureL and that Kit is an exception"L
Page 12G
#et us try once more to explain our meaning" $he re)iewer spea&s of the
K,piritual +ndi)idualityL or the +mmortal Monad as it is called, i"e", the se)enth and
sixth Principles in the K4ragments"L +n +sis we refer to the personality or the finite
astral monad, a compound of imponderable elements composed of the fifth and fourth
principles" $he former as an emanation of the 596 absolute is indestructibleE the
latter as an elementary compound is finite and doomed sooner or later to destruction
with the exception of the more spirituali.ed portions of the fifth principle >the Manas
or mind? which are assimilated by the sixth principle when it follows the se)enth to
its Kgestation stateL to be reborn or not reborn, as the case may be, in the *rupa #o&a
>the 4ormless %orld?" $he se)en principles, forming, so to say, a triad and a
1uaternary, or, as some ha)e it a K!ompound $rinity,L subdi)ided into a triad and two
duads, may be better understood in the following groups of PrinciplesR
:R5;P +"
H" *tma@ KPure ,pirit"L
6" (uddhi@ K,piritual ,oul or
,piritual Monad or
K+ndi)idualityL @ and its
)ehicle" 6ternal and
:R5;P ++"
G" Manas@ KMind or *nimal
D" 8amaCrupa@ K/esireL or
KPassionL 4orm"
*stral Monad@or the personal
6go and its )ehicle"
,ur)i)es :roup +++" and is
destroyed after a time, unless
reincarnated, as said, under
exceptional circumstances"
:R5;P +++"
3" #ingaC[arira@ K*stral or Vital
3" =i)a@ K#ife Principle"L
1" ,thulaC[arira@ K(ody"L
(5/< "
!ompound Physical, or the
K6arthly 6go"L $he three die
together in)ariably"

Page 126
*nd now we as&,@where is the KdiscrepancyL or contradictionP %hether man
was good, bad, or indifferent, :roup ++ has to become either a Kshell,L or be once or
se)eral times more reincarnated under Kexceptional circumstances"L $here is a
mighty difference in our 5ccult doctrine between an impersonal +ndi)iduality, and an
indi)idual Personality" !" !" M" will not be reincarnatedE nor will he in his next
rebirth be !" !" M", but 1uite a new being, born of the thoughts and deeds of !" !"
M"R his own creation, the child and fruit of his present life, the effect of the causes he
is now producing" ,hall we say then with the ,piritists that !" !" M", the man we
&now, will be reborn againP 9oE but that his di)ine Monad will be clothed thousands
of times yet before the end of the :rand !ycle, in )arious human forms, e)ery one of
them a new personality" #i&e a mighty tree that clothes itself e)ery spring with a new
foliage, to see it wither and die towards autumn, so the eternal Monad pre)ails
through the series of smaller cycles, e)er the same, yet e)er changing and putting on,
at each birth, a new garment" $he bud, that failed to open one year, will reappear in
the nextE the leaf that reached its maturity and died a natural death@can ne)er be
reborn on the same tree again" %hile writing +sis, we were not permitted to enter into
detailsE hence@the )ague generalities" %e are told to do so now@and we do as we
are commanded"
*nd thus, it seems, after all, that Ktwo and threeL will Kma&e Must four,L if the
KthreeL was only mista&en for that number" *nd, we ha)e heard of cases when that,
which was uni)ersally regarded and denounced as something )ery Kblac&L@
shoc&ingly so@suddenly reCbecame Kwhite,L as soon as an additional light was
permitted to shine upon it" %ell, the day may yet come when e)en the much
misunderstood occultists will appear in such a light" Vaut mieux tard 1ue MamaisY
Meanwhile we will wait and see whether !" !" M" will 1uote again from our
present answer@in #ight"
Page 12H
U+ndian Mirror, *ugust 33, 1223V
,+R@9otwithstanding our protest that there is no $heosophical ,ociety at
:ha.ipore, + am surprised to find that, in your issue of the 1Bth instant, you ha)e,
without a single comment, allowed the following paragraph in your :ha.ipore
correspondentQs letter of the 1Hth ultimo, to appearR
KMonsieur '" Ropan, a 4renchman and a good :erman scholar, induced by the
examples of Madame (la)ats&y and !olonel 5lcott, has founded a $heosophical
,ociety at the premises of (abu #" 9" ,en"L
+t has already been explained that no charter was granted, nor was any regular
application for it recei)ed by us, for the formation of a (ranch ,ociety at :ha.ipore"
*nd no ,ociety can assume the title which exclusi)ely belongs to us" *ccording to
the laws of e)ery ci)ili.ed country, no one has a right to assume the title or name of
any society of scientific or philosophical research, without the consent of the original
promoters" * letter to this effect was sent to Mr" Ropan as soon as the protest was
forwarded to you" $he President and ,ecretary of the alleged ,ociety ha)e since sent
a letter of apology begging for a charter, and the matter will formally be placed for
consideration before the PresidentC4ounder in !ouncil of our ,ociety" (ut until we
send you an intimation of the formation of a (ranch ,ociety at :ha.ipore, we ha)e to
re1uest you will be &ind enough not to publish any such paragraphs, as the one abo)e
referred to, without first ascertaining whether the information contained therein is
correct or not"
Page 122
+t was not, + belie)e, too much for us to expect that the ,ecretary of the !alcutta
$heosophical ,ociety, at least who does, if not the 6ditor of the +ndian Mirror, who
perhaps does not, &now the facts of the case@should ha)e protested against such an
unceremonious intrusion of an un&nown party of men into the pri)acy of our ,ociety"
9ot only is its name usurped by them, but, as we find to our astonishment, our byeC
laws, regulations, aims, obMects, in fact, e)erything is copied )erbally, to a comma,
from our pamphlets, and@a notification is sent to our head1uarters that, since a
charter was not issued to them, they had, at the first opportunity, established a
$heosophical ,ociety, entirely independent of our *ssociationY
;nless the PresidentC4ounder, who is now at !eylon, consents to charter it, and
the now bogus $heosophical ,ociety waits patiently for legal admission, + am afraid
we shall ha)e to as& for the protection of the law" $here is some consolation,
howe)er, to &now that not one of the selfCmade :ha.ipore $heosophists has e)er
been initiated, and that, since none of them &nows either the grips, signs, or
passwords of our ,ociety, there is little chance for them to be e)er recogni.ed and
accepted by a regular $heosophist"
<ours, etc",
'" P" (#*V*$,8<,
!orresponding ,ecretary, Parent $heosophical ,ociety"
(ombay, 16th *ugust, 1223"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, p" 39GV
U$he following footnote may ha)e been written by '" P" (", although it is not
signed by her as 6ditor of $he $heosophist" $he writer spea&s of the +ncubi and
,uccubi of mediae)al writings, and of elementaries, in connection with his
description of the afterCdeath states" $he footnote is as followsRV
$he )ariety of states after death is greater, if possible, than the )ariety of human
li)es upon this earth"
Page 129
*s remar&ed further on, not all, by any means, become pi[achas, nor are they all
6arthCwal&ers" $he )ictims of accident are generally exempt from this curse, only
those falling into the current of attraction who die full of some engrossing earthly
passionE the ,6#4+,' who ha)e ne)er gi)en a thought to anyone but their own
sel)es" 5)erta&en by death in the consummation@whether real or imaginary@of
some masterCpassion of their life, the desire remaining unsatisfied e)en after a full
reali.ation, and they still cra)ing after more, such can ne)er pass beyond the earthQs
attraction to wait for the hour of deli)erance in happy ignorance and full obli)ion"
*mong the KsuicidesL those to whom the statement of the writer applies in full are
that class who commit the act in conse1uence of a crime, to escape the penalty of
human law, or of their own remorse" 9atural law cannot be bro&en with impunityE the
inexorable causal relation between action and result has its full sway, but in the world
of effects@the 8amaClo&aE and e)ery case is met there by an ade1uate punishment,
and in a thousand ways which would re1uire )olumes to describe them e)en
superficially" +n one of the future numbers of this maga.ine will be gi)en 1uotations
from the (uddhist ,criptures, and the 'indu ,hastras concerning this subMect with
)olume, page, and )erse for easier )erification"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, p" 396V
UReplying to a re)iew of their wor&, the authors of $he Perfect %ay raise certain
obMections to )arious statements by the re)iewer, and conclude by sayingR
K" " " May it not well be that the issue of the wor& of the $heosophical ,ociety in +ndia
may pro)e not only that which its respected 4ounders contemplated, but more@the
sending forth of X6ireniconQ to the religious worldE and that by the union of the
6astern and %estern minds effected through them, may be brought to birth a new and
nobler !hurch than any before it@ a !hurch ha)ing, indeed, X(uddhaQ and (uddhist
philosophy for its circumference, but X=esusQ and !hristian aspiration for its central
point@the two essential to each other, and interpreting the whole nature of ManPL $o
this '" P" (" remar&sRV
Page 19B
%e must be permitted respectfully to suggest to the esteemed authors of $he
Perfect %ay that the philosophy and the *rhat doctrine left to us by the #ord
$athagata (uddha is 1uite broad enough to co)er both the circumference and the
!entral Point of whate)er !hurch" $he rays of light radiating from that !entral Point
stretch far enough to co)er and illuminate the whole area of the inhabitable worlds"
,uch is the opinion of (;//'+,$,, at least"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, p" 39HV
%e gi)e room in this number to an interminably long paper@entitled K$'6
P'+#5,5P'< 54 ,P+R+$@'ierosophy, $heosophy, and Psychosophy,L from the
pen of Mr" %" 5xley@solely out of personal regard for the author" 'ighly instructi)e
and interesting though it may pro)e to many we feel ne)ertheless compelled to
seriously as& our correspondents@if they would see their contributions in print@to
be more brief in future" +ndeed, it is simply impossible for us at least as regards those
articles that will not yield either to abridgment or di)ision@to ma&e room for such
endless discussions" %e are e)er ready to allow our opponents the chance of being
heard, and to present their side of the 1uestion before the impartial public in our
maga.ine, but we ha)e neither space nor means to insert )oluminous articles" $he
more so, as in the present case, it is 1uite e)ident that Mr" 5xley has entirely
misconcei)ed not only Mr" ,ubba RowQs real position, but also based himself upon as
mista&en a )iew of what he is pleased to term the KdoctrinesL and Kteaching of the
$heosophical ,ociety"L
Z U* name which %" 5xley used in his wor& in connection with a X,piritL who allegedly was the
author of the MahIbhIrata" $here is no historical e)idence of this"@!ompiler"V
Page 191
'e addresses his KRe)iewer,L as though he were an Korthodox (rahmin,L an
intolerant bigot 1uite unac1uainted with his forefathersQ esoteric )iews" %hereas, the
truth, is that our (rother, Mr" ,ubba Row, although undeniably a (rahmin, is a
V6/*9$+9 */V*+$66, of the esoteric *ryan school@one of the least fa)oured by
orthodox bigoted (rahminism, a highly ad)anced !hela and one, whose thorough
&nowledge of the real esoteric significance of the sacred boo&s of his country@
especially of the ('*:*V*/C:+$*@no one who &nows him, or of him, can e)er
doubt" (ut we will lea)e Mr" ,ubba Row to answer for himself in our next number"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, pp" 392C3B3V
U$he article is a reply of %illiam 5xley to ,ubba RowQs re)iew of his wor&, $he
Philosophy of ,pirit" %" 5xley saysR K'owe)er this may be, as Mudged from the
modern orthodox (rahminical standpoint, + )enture to thin& that XenlightenedQ
(uddhists would hardly express so se)ere a Mudgment"L $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
*s already stated in our editorial, Mr" ,ubba Row is not an KorthodoxL (rahmin
in the sense Mr" 5xley uses the word as with him it means bigotry" *nd we are
moreo)er obliged to declare that Kenlightened (uddhistsL will hardly e)er disagree
with such an enlightened (rahmin as Mr" ,ubba Row"
U,pea&ing of the authorship of the Vedas, the MahIbhIrata and the (haga)adC
:JtI, %" 5xley saysR K+ am not going beyond the truth in saying, no man li)ing &nows
who were the authors of these Records, or writings, or when and where they were
written, and first published"L '" P" (" comments on thisRV
%e belie)e Mr" 5xley is again mista&en in his denial" +t does not at all stand to
reason, that because Professor Monier %illiams says so, no one in +ndia should &now
anything on the subMect" Many of the initiated (rahmans claim to, and we firmly
belie)e, they do &now, when the Vedas, the Mahabharata, and especially the
(haga)adC:ita, were written, and by whom"
Page 193
U%" 5xley further writesR K,pea&ing of 5ccultism and ,piritualismR $heosophy
seems anxious to impress upon ,piritualists, that the phenomena they witness are due
to the Xinter)ention of enlightened li)ing men and not disembodied spiritsQLV
%e deny most emphatically to ha)e e)er said any such absurdity" %ho are the
Kenlightened li)ing menL mas1uerading in the guise of spirits, is really more than we
can e)er imagineY
U+n the course of his article, %illiam 5xley writesR K" " " + ha)e had three )isits
by the astral form of the )enerable 8oot 'oomi through a sensiti)e, whose linguistic
organism was used by the astral form to spea& to me, first in (engali, and afterwards
in my own language " " " $he statement may come that Xthis was the wor& of some
)agrant spoo&, or elementalQE and e)en 8oot 'oomi himself may, or may not, gi)e a
denial" " " "L $o this statement '"P"(" has appended the following footnoteEV
%e feel extremely sorry to ac&nowledge that Mr" 5xley was right in his
foreboding" 4ar from pretending to be informed of all the doings and actions of our
)enerated (rother 8ootC'oomi, and notwithstanding our surprise since the language
gi)en is certainly not that of the 8ootC'oomi we all &now@we were preparing to
allow the abo)e extraordinary statement to be published without comment, when we
recei)ed the following from our (R5$'6RQ, fa)orite !helaR@
K+ am commanded by my belo)ed Master, &nown in +ndia and in the %estern
lands as 8ootC'oomi #al ,ingh, to ma&e in his name the following declaration, in
answer to a certain statement made by Mr" %" 5xley, and sent by him for publication"
+t is claimed by the said gentleman that my Master 8ootC'oomi >a? has thrice )isited
him Xby the astral formQE and >b? that he had a con)ersation with Mr" 5xley when, as
alleged, he ga)e the latter certain explanations in reference to astral bodies in general,
and the incompetency of his own Maya)iCrupa to preser)e its consciousness
simultaneously with the body Xat both ends of the line"Q $herefore, my Master
K1" %homsoe)er Mr" 5xley may ha)e seen and con)ersed with at the time
described, it was not with 8ootC'oomi, the writer of the letters published in the
5ccult %orld"
Page 193
K3" 9otwithstanding that my Master &nows the gentleman in 1uestion who once
honoured him with an autograph letter, thereby gi)ing him the means of ma&ing his
>Mr" 5xleyQs? ac1uaintance, and of sincerely admiring his intuitional powers and
%estern learning@yet he has ne)er approached him whether astrally or otherwiseE
nor has he e)er had any con)ersation with Mr" 5xleyE nor could he under any
circumstances, e)en had there been any such con)ersation, ha)e expressed himself in
the terms now imputed to him"
K$o guard against all possible misapprehension of this &ind in the future, my
Master will underta&e to hold no communication henceforward with any medium or
seer without authenticating that communication by means of three passwords which
shall be made &nown to Messrs" *" 5" 'ume, President, and *" P" ,innett, ViceC
President, of the ,imla K6clectic $heosophical ,ociety,L so that they may be enabled
to declare explicitly that my Master cannot be the author of any statement attributed
to him in which they do not find these words"L
(y 5rder,
:=;*#C8'55# M"ZZZ
U!onsult $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, #etter !FFV, where the text of
this communication differs somewhat from the abo)e and is longer" $he original,
either handwritten or precipitated, is actually signed as K:MualC8hool,L although the
usual spelling is K/MualC8hool"L@!ompiler"V
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, p" 3B6V
U$he author, (" R" 9aidu, finds many contradictions among philosophers as to
the causes of suffering and misery among men, and expresses his opinion that Kthis is
a mystery to the most wise"L Referring to the doctrine of 8arma, as gi)en in the
Puranas, he saysR K%e are also taught that we are reborn in the forms of irrational
beings and sometimes e)en of inanimate obMects"L '" P" (" commentsRV
Page 19D
%e confess here our ignorance" %hat is the religion which teaches such an
absurdity as rebirth in an Kinanimate formLP
U$he writer continues" K+f so, we will ha)e to trace the causes for all these
)ariations from the )ery beginning of the soCcalled creation " " " it is an absurdity to
say that there were human or any other beings before the worldQs creation"LV
%e do not belie)e in creation, or that the uni)erse had e)er a beginning" *ll
changes form in it@itself was e)er and will ne)er pass" $hose who understand what
they read will find an explanation e)en in the 'indu ,criptures" 9or is there any
absurdity to say that there were KbeingsL before the worldQs creation, since our world
is certainly not the only one of its &ind in the )ast uni)erse"
UK$he Vedantists and some others are of this opinion, that the soCcalled /eity is
diffused in and out of the uni)erseE or, in other words, the uni)erse itself is :od, and
:od is the uni)erse"LV
#ess learned than our correspondent@who strongly insisted to ha)e the abo)e
1uestions published@we confess again our ignorance" 9one of the Vedantin sects, as
far as we are ac1uainted with them, ha)e e)er taught that :od was diffused Kin and
out of the uni)erse,L or that he per)aded it beyond its limits" 4irst of all, the
Vedantists cannot belie)e in an extraCcosmic deity, since they teach that the uni)erse
is limitless and Parabrahm@infinite" %e in)ite Vedantin Pandits to answer these
U+f such is the case, what other thing is there which can be regarded as 1uite
distinct from that which is all in all in things animate and inanimate that can do good
or bad, so as to create according to its deed a 8arma"LV
9othing, of course" $he uni)erse is not only the outward garment, the Maya, or
illusionary clothing of the deity@which, ne)ertheless is present, as we understand it,
in e)ery atom of it@but the deity itselfR Parabrahm plus Maya or +[)ara"
UK$he doctrine of 8arma is 1uite current among most of the PanditsE and this is
another pu..le for many"LV
Page 19G
+t is not the absolute that creates 8arma, but the finite and sentient being
e)oluted out of it, or the )isible proMection of a finite portion of this absolute" +n other
words, it is man, or matter in its highest state of perfection on earth@matter plus
(rahm or the absolute" +f we are wrong we hope some learned Pandit will &indly
correct us" 'alfClearned are not re1uired"
U+n connection with 8arma, 9aidu as&s to be enlightened as to the mystery of
the differences of treatment meted out to the animals and e)en to inanimate obMects,
and saysR K*bandoned deserts and hilly places are for a time turned into populous
cities with splendid palaces and temples, and then again abandoned and left to reC
become deserts, forests and dunghills" %hat &ind of good or bad actions these pieces
of stones, etc", could ha)e committed to be treated so differently by men" " " "LV
%ith our best wishes and desire to help our esteemed correspondent in his dire
perplexity, we are utterly unable to understand what he is dri)ing at" %hat ha)e the
KdesertsL and Kdunghills,L Kpalaces,L and KforestsL to do with 8arma, or the destiny
of man except as necessary accessoriesP +t is the eternal fitness or unfitness of things,
we should say, that turns the desert into a city, and )ice )ersa" +f he obMects to the idea
that the deity is e)erywhere, i"e", omnipresentE and that, notwithstanding such a
presence, men and things are not all ali&e honoured, happy, and miserableE then
surely he cannot hope to recei)e an answer to such exhausti)e a subMect@the most
abstruse and incomprehensible of pu..les for the philosophers of all and e)ery age,
namely, the origin of good and e)il@in a few editorial linesP #et him study occult
philosophy, and perhaps, he may be then satisfied" +t is not the Puranas alone, when
read in their deadCletter sense, that will yield nonsense" +n the (ible we find the same
incongruities" =eho)ah curses the ground for the sa&e >sin? of *dam >:enesis, iii, 1H?
and the earth since then@suffersY *nd yet the Mosaic (ible yields out of its secret
meaning the 8abala, the 5ccult ,cience of the %estern Philosophers"
UKMoreo)er we are taught to regard the soCcalled :od as all good, all wise,
omnipresent, etc" +f so, why should some men be poorE others sic&ly " " " etc"LV
$he %estern 8abalists call /e)il Kthe :od re)ersed,L /emon est /eus in)ersus"
$he 6astern occultists do betterR they reMect such a god altogether"
Page 196
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, pp" 31GC312V
$'6 $'65,5P'+!*# ,5!+6$<, its 5bMects and !reedE its *ttitude towards
!hristianity and its %or& in +ndiaR being a Paper in an enlarged form read before the
Madras /iocesan !lerical !onference on =uly Dth, 1223E by the Re)" *rthur
*s regular as the new moon, one or another pamphlet modestly clothed in grey,
li&e our own Rules, and generally so decepti)e in its appearance, as to be easily
mista&en by any $heosophist for one of our own publications, ma&es periodically its
appearance on the hori.on of *ngloC+ndian literature, to )anish and disappear as
1uietly as it came" $he fortunes of such pamphlets are )arious and many" 9o less
numerous and, we may add, cunning, are the ways and modes de)ised for their
circulation among those classes that would in)ariably consign them to the
wastebas&et, were they not ta&en in by the outward appearances of the little shams"
$he one before us is a curious exception to the ruleR it does not contain one single
word of personal abuse" 9or does it bear any internal resemblance to its predecessors"
+t can hardly be )iewed as a cobweb of misrepresentations thrown ner)ously and
hastily from the pen of an unscrupulous and anonymous foe, but seems rather to be
laboriously wrought, and only after a careful perusal of all the data calculated to
incriminate the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety 6)idently the Re)" *rthur
$heophilus does not belong to the class of our opponents represented by the garrulous
and gossiping *merican missionaries, who ha)e about as much of the mee&ness of a
ser)ant of :od in them, as the 'ungerfordCmar&et dame when her fruit stall is upset
by some gambling boy"
Page 19H
$he author of the pamphlet is to all appearances an educated man, who tries to be
accurate" %ere he to write upon any other subMect, his accuracy, no doubt, would
hardly ha)e to be disputed" %hy is it then, that as soon as the 1uestion touches upon
the $heosophical ,ociety, its aims, wor&, and especially upon its much
misrepresented 4ounders, the best regulated clerical brain seems to begin labouring
under a mysterious obscuration, a regular eclipse of common senseP 'ere he is, the
author of our pamphlet, uttering in a courteous and )ery guarded manner statements
far more inaccurate and easy of refutation than any of those of which the heroine of
the 'ints on 6soteric $heosophy is being accused of, and o)er which Kofficial
testimonyL the Re)" $heophilus reMoices so lustily in his own 1uiet way" 'e does not
e)en stop to reflect that, if the accusation against one of the 4ounders of the ,ociety
was allowed to appear in a publication printed under the auspices of that same
,ociety, it was probably due to some )ery good reasons" 5ne of these may be that it
did not much affect her in any wayE and secondly, that if the charge was allowed to be
published at all, it was Must out of a feeling of respect >perhaps too exaggerated as we
were told? for that something which will ne)er trouble the dreams of a missionaryR
namely, the right of e)eryone to express freely his own pri)ate opinion, whether it
concerns an indi)idual or a religion" (ut the Kobscuration,L as regards this fact, is so
manifest in the case of the Re)erend lecturer that it passes our comprehension" +t is
no affectation of ignorance in him, no desire to wound the enemy by whate)er
weapon, but e)idently proceeds from the )ery conformation of his mind, from the
depths of a theologically distorted focus of intellectual perceptions" 'e cannot thin&
in any different shape of the $heosophists, and his language follows the structure of
his thoughts" %hat he says of Madame (la)ats&y may be applied with far more
Mustice to himself" 'e is e)idently a gentleman of culture, but@Lwith a decidedly
wrong mental >and purely clerical? moral twist"L
'e is preMudiced to the core and@is unable to see with his natural eye"
$he lecturer limits the expression of his opinion to a )ery few facts, drawing his
materials from the authentic reports of the ,ociety and )arious articles in our
Page 192
'e hopes to o)erturn the mo)ement if it can be shown that K$heosophy, )iewed
in the light of the public utterances of its 4ounders, is sub)ersi)e of all $heistic
faith,L in spite of their Kreiterated professions of neutrality on religious mattersLE and
@he calls $heosophy@a creedY ,tarting from such wrong premises he sets to the
tas& of 1uoting the public and published Kutterances of its two 4ounders, and
especially those of the !orresponding ,ecretary"L $o pro)e how well his position is
ta&en, and that she is an atheist from her own confessions, he 1uotes@attributing
them all to Madame (la)ats&y@from the following articlesR
1" *n editorial in the *rya" * theistic Mournal"
3" 6soteric $heosophy, page D9
6soteric $heosophy, page GB

(y a deistic $heosophist, not an
atheist certainly" >both?
3" $he 6lixir of #ife, Vol" +++ page 1H1"
(y : " " " M " " ", 4"$"," K$he italics
and capitals are Madame
(la)ats&yQsL@the Re)" lecturer
coolly informs the publicY?
D" $he $heosophist, May, 1223, page
(y K5"L
G" $he $heosophist, article K$he 6lixir
of #ife, *pril, 1223, page 169"

(y : " " " M " " ", 4"$"," >$his is called
by the Re)" $heophilus KMme"
(la)ats&yQs definition on
6" 6soteric $heosophy, page H9" 4rom !ol" 5lcottQs letter"
H" $he $heosophist, article K6lixir of
#ife,L March, 1223, page 1D3"

(y : " " " M " " ", 4"$"," >$he 1uotation
is preceded by the lecturerQs
affirmation @ KMadame (la)ats&y
teaches that,L etc"?
2" 6soteric $heosophy, page DG"
(y a deistic $heosophist"
9" 6soteric $heosophy, page 6H"
1B" 6soteric $heosophy, page GH"
11" 6soteric $heosophy, page H9"
(y !olonel 5lcott"
13" 6soteric $heosophy, page 1BH"
13" Auotations from a letter from
K*letheia"L >$heosophist for =une,

;nfortunate reference, and a most sad
blunderY K*letheiaL is identical with
the author of 'ints on 6soteric
1D" Auotations from a letter, K$he(eef
Auestion"L >$heosophist for =uly,
1223"? etc", etc", etc"

(y *" ,an&ariah, 4"$","K*s there is
no editorial comment on the article,L
the lecturer concludes that it
represents the K)iews of the
$heosophical leadersLYY

Page 199
$he only two 1uotations belonging to Madame (la)ats&y are >1? from an
editorial in $he $heosophist for May, 1223, page 191E and >3? from the same
maga.ine in May" Auotation the first affirms that Kwe accept !hristians as members
of our ,ociety, and, in fact, a !hristian clergyman was one of its original 4ounders,L
and may be now completed by our answering the lecturerQs sneer that the clergymanQs
name is not gi)en@when we tell him@that the name of that 4ounder is the Re)" =" '"
%iggin, of (oston, late 6ditor of the #iberal !hristian" Auotation number two refers
to a statement of ours about the <ogis, and has not the slightest bearing upon any
religious 1uestions" $hus to pro)e the atheism of Madame (la)ats&y, the Re)erend
lecturer resorts to fourteen 1uotations from )arious articles by different@mostly
theistic@writers, ma&ing her distinctly responsible for each of those, and fathering
e)ery one of them upon her, only, because he finds them either in $he $heosophist or
in $heosophical publications" %hen one remembers that e)ery number of our
maga.ine states on its first column that Kits 6ditor disclaims responsibility for
opinions expressed by contributors,L etc"@it becomes )ery difficult to refrain from
K'e put an enemy into his mouth
%hich stole away his brains"L
9ow we desire the reader to properly understand that personally we do not at all
deny the charge of atheism, the word being used in an orthodox theistic sense" 9or do
we feel inclined to lose our time in dispro)ing the numerous and )ery funny mista&es
of the Re)erend lecturer" %hat we aimed at was to show beyond any doubt or ca)il
that, when once upon the subMect of the $heosophical ,ociety, it is utterly impossible
e)en for the best regulated and most tolerant of missionaries, or any other Re)erend
of the !hristian persuasion, not only to be accurate in his statements, but e)en to &eep
within the broadest boundaries of fact and truth"
Page 3BB
$'6 V*!!+9*$+59 +9A;+R6R and 'ealth Re)iew, the 5rgan of the #ondon
,ociety for the *bolition of !ompulsory Vaccination, published monthly at the 5ffice
of the ,ociety, 11D Victoria ,treet, %estminster, ,"%", etc"
$he *ugust number of this Mournal@which belongs to the same class of
heterodox publications as the 'omfopathic =ournal@is on our table" $he subMect
matter of this fearless little monthly which may be )iewed if we could be brought to
belie)e a bilious admirer of Vaccination@ as Ka direct incitement to a breach of the
law,L is )ery interesting" +t does its le)el best to upset the illusions of orthodox
medicine, and to expose the legal 1uac&ery of its practitioners, and show Khow
Prestige is wor&ed"L +n its own wordsR
* fa)ourite method of recommending fancies under the name of science is to
canoni.e some noisy 1uac&, and to ha)e him represented in lands where he is
indifferently &nown as an authority, whose words are to be accepted with pious
subser)ience" $hus we ha)e paraded before us a scientific saint in *merica, another
in 4rance, another in :ermany, and so on" +n #ondon one starry 1uac& appears to be
wellCnigh extinguished, whilst another is waning, although his beams still continue to
da..le the !ontinent" +t will re1uire much shouting of hosannas to succeed in the saint, who proposes to X)accinateQ consumption into us" (ut if it is a
praiseworthy thing to do, it ought to be done openly, and not under the disguise of
cow or calf"
%ould that our great inno)ators could succeed in KinocculatingL some drops of
common good sense into themsel)es, before proposing to K)accinateL into the human
system more diseases than it is already heir toY
Page 3B1
*n artificial permanent issue in the brain of some of them, whenceforth their bigotry,
preMudice and male)olence to e)erything and e)eryone bold enough to oppose their
papal bulls would freely run out@is a desirable experiment to ma&e" %e generously
offer them our ad)ice to that effect free of charge for its publication"
K* #6!$;R6 59 $'6 P6!;#+*R+$+6, 54 '+9/; #+$6R*$;R6L@
deli)ered at the $riplicane 'indu #iterary ,ociety of Madras, by !" $" %infred, ("*"
@is a )ery thoughtful and scientific pamphlet, and shows a great erudition and
research on the part of its author" %e belie)e the lecturer labours under a
misconception though, when he see&s to show on the authority of Professor Max
M^ller, that K9ir)ana, as concei)ed by (uddha, corresponds to the state of +swara"L
Most of the ontological truths are common to the K=ewish (ible, the 'indu Veda, the
Parsi 7end *)esta, and the Mohammedan 8oran"L (ut neither the (uddhist Pita&a
nor (uddhism in its full presentation can be called religionE for (uddhism in its
esoteric sense is the grandest world philosophy, while in its popular aspects it is but
little higher than any other soCcalled religion@generally a cobweb of foolish and
unscientific fables"
Page 3B3
$herefore, (uddhism proper ought ne)er to be classified with the groups of
theistic religions, since it is a philosophy entirely apart from, and opposed to, other
religious systems" +t is an original idea in the able lecturer to refer to the (ible as the
K=ewish Veda"L $he pith of the lecture may be summari.ed in its last sentenceR
Methin&s, we see a time when a race of intellectual giants, nourished with the
solid pabulum of ontological experience, animated by the noble spirit of martyrdom
for truth, deeply )ersed in and richly experienced in the classic lore of 'indu
literature, will start out from the womb of modern ,ociety and ta&e a conspicuous
part in the great struggle, raging from the birth of creation up to the present between
this principle of 6)il and :ood, 5romasdes and *rimanes, Virtue and Vice, #ight and
/ar&ness, :race and +gnorance, and tread in the footsteps of their great ancestors"
$hose are noble words if they mean what they say" %e had barely time to glance
at the lecture, and do not pretend to gi)e it the full re)iew it would e)idently merit"
K$'6 !'R+,$+*9 '6R*#/L and K,+:9, 54 5;R $+M6,L carry in their
titleCname the gist of their subMect matter" +t is an illustrated paperE and one of the
engra)ings represents a wic&ed !hinese K(lac&smith burning his female child"L +t is a
)ery impressi)e picture" +t would hardly fail to pro)e to the infidels the e)ident
superiority of the !hristian o)er the KheathenL (uddhist and !onfucian religions, had
we not as an offset against it another engra)ing in some of the illustrated papers of
*merica, representing a pious !hristian father in Philadelphia mo)ed by the example
of the Patriarch *braham sacrificing >in common parlance murdering? his own tenC
yearCold child for the glory of the #ord :od of +srael"
Page 3B3
%e ha)e had se)eral such instances of fren.ied piety among !hristians lately"
5n the engra)ing of the !hristian 'erald >March 33nd, 1223? the newly born female
infant shows undoubted signs of desperate terror at the sight of the burning o)enE her
eyes are widely open, and her two uplifted arms are gi)ing the Ksign of distressL of
the %estern Masons" Very happily though the picture does not seem to represent a
fact, but only a hearsay" K%e ha)e e)en heard of an infant girl being burned to death,L
writes the re)erend reporter from !hina" %e are sorry to be unable to gi)e the same
benefit of doubt to the Philadelphian modern *braham, since he was tried, found
guilty and sentenced last year in *merica for his pious (iblical imitation"
* long article is gi)en by Re)" :" %" %aldon, on ,piritualism, which its author
calls Modern /emonism" 'a)ing shown the public these K,igns of our $imes,L the
editor addresses a personal re1uest to his subscribers the originality of which ought
not to be lost on our own patrons" 'oping that the latter will not fail to comply with
the modest re1uest, we reproduce it )erbatim"
$he prayers of the readers of this Mournal are re1uested for the blessing of :od
upon its 6ditors and those whose sermons, articles, or labours for !hrist are printed in
it, and that its wee&ly circulation of more than 3GB,BBB copies may be blessed by the
'oly ,pirit to the con)ersion of many sinners and the 1uic&ening of :odQs people"
K$'6 4R66 !';R!' M59$'#<L of =uly Dth, shows us K'indus 4eeling
*fter :od"L $he Re)" *" *ndrew of !hingleput spea&s )ery elo1uently of three cases
of K(rahmin see&ers after sal)ation"L ;nfortunately, the interesting case, 9o" 1 >who,
we are told, is now studying at Madras in PatcheappahQs !ollege? had hardly told his
Re)" ad)iser K+ am readyL when a meeting of his (rahman friends was con)ened and
the proposed candidate for sal)ation was carried off by his unregenerate parents
beyond the clutches of the re)erend gentleman"
Page 3BD
$he second case, also pro)ed a failure" * (rahman boy of fifteen ha)ing been
as&ed Kto belie)e at once and witness well for !hristL as&ed before gi)ing his heart to
=esus Kif he will be compelled >when a !hristian? to eat those things he disli&es"L
9otwithstanding Ka long letter in answerL the re)erend has not heard from him, since"
$he third case is that of a nonCcaste" (eing but a too easy prey for the missionary
enterprise, the Re)" *" *ndrew declines to bapti.e him, as he is Knot yet satisfied with
his &nowledge of !hristian truth"L 'is ignorance must be great indeed" Remembering
the numbers of 'indu con)erts we ha)e met at Madras and elsewhere, who continue
to wear the top&not, to adorn their dus&y brows with huge caste mar&s, to gi)e their
children in marriage in their infancy, to &eep strictly to the widow nonCremarriage
law, and e)ery other custom, and differing generally from their heathen brethren by
no external, social, or for all we &now, internal mar&, we wonder at such an unusual
discretion" *s&ed by us what he &new of =esus !hrist, one of the said nati)es, a )ery
old con)ert, bapti.ed in 12GH, as he told us, answered that <eshu was born and li)ed
and died at the 9a.areth Mission near $inne)elly" !rossCexamined further, as to who
put the ManC:od to death, the unsophisticated Madrassee innocently replied that he
Kdid not &now for certain, but that he had reasons to belie)e it was done by the order
of an 6nglish !ollector ,ahib of that placeYL %e hope the Re)" *" *ndrew will clear
the doubts >as also the reputation of the (ritish *ngloC+ndian 5fficials? of his
con)erts to that effect@before he any more of them"
Page 3BG
(< * $'65,5P'+,$
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, pp" 312C319V
+n a )ery interesting and able address on K$he !ommon 4oundation of all
Religions,L deli)ered at Madras, on *pril 36, 1223, by !olonel '" ," 5lcott,
PresidentC4ounder of the $heosophical ,ociety, the learned President, while spea&ing
of matter, has asserted that electricity is matter, li&e the air and water"
+ will 1uote his own words hereR
K%ell then, to return, is it matter, or something elseP + say matter plus something
else" *nd here stop a moment to thin& what matter is" #oose thin&ers@among whom
we must class raw lads fresh from !ollege, though they be e)er so much titled@are
apt to associate the idea of matter with the properties of density, )isibility, and
tangibility" (ut this is )ery inexcusable" $he air we breathe is in)isible, yet matter@
its e1ui)alents of oxygen, hydrogen >P?, nitrogen, and carbonic acid, are each atomic,
ponderable and demonstrable by analysis" 6lectricity cannot, except under prepared
conditions, be seen, yet it is matter" $he uni)ersal ether of science no one e)er saw,
yet it is matter in a state of extreme tenuity" $a&e the familiar example of forms of
water, and see how they rapidly run up the scale of tenuity until they elude the clutch
of scienceR stoneChard ice, melted ice, condensed steam, superheated and in)isible
steam, electricity>P? and@it is gone out of the world of effects into the world of
Z U$his article is reprinted here as it is directly related to the one which follows"WWW!ompiler"V
Page 3B6
$he familiar examples of air, water, and the uni)ersal ether gi)en by the learned
!olonel to illustrate matter, are well &nown and cannot be disputed for a moment, but
how he reconciles the idea of electricity, being also an example of matter, cannot be
concei)ed" $a&ing his own definition of matter, Katomic, ponderable, and
demonstrable,L + cannot understand how his material electricity will stand these tests"
+ will explain this further on when showing the difference between force and matter"
*ccording to the latest theories, electricity is regarded as a force, and not matter"
$he best thin&ers and best writers on physical science, as taught in 6urope, are agreed
on this point" Professor $yndall, one of the best materialistic philosophers of the
present century, while writing on KMatter and 4orce,L saysR
K#ongCthin&ing and experimenting has led philosophers to conclude that matter
is composed of atoms, from which whether separate or in combination, the whole
material world is built up" $he air we breathe, for example, is mainly a mechanical
mixture of the atoms of oxygen and nitrogen" $he water we drin& is also composed of
oxygen and hydrogen" (ut it differs from the air in this particular, that in water the
oxygen and hydrogen are not mechanically mixed, but chemically combined" $he
atoms of oxygen and those of hydrogen exert enormous attraction o)er each otherE so
that, when brought into sufficient proximity, they rush together with an almost
incredible force to form a chemical compound" (ut powerful as is the force with
which these atoms loc& themsel)es together, we ha)e the means of tearing them
asunder, and the agent by which we accomplish this may here recei)e a few
momentsQ attention"L
$hen he goes on describing the de)elopment of this force which he calls
electricity" 'ere Professor $yndall clearly shows that matter is different from force"
*gain, in the chapter on ,cientific Materialism, Professor $yndall saysR
K$he forms of the minerals resulting from this play of polar forces are )arious,
and exhibit different degrees of complexity" Men of science a)ail themsel)es of all
means of exploring their molecular structure" 4or this purpose they employ in turn as
agents of exploration, light, heat, magnetism, electricity, and sound"L
*ccording to the latest researches of modern physical science, philosophers
ha)e recogni.ed the existence of some agency, which they either call a force or
energy, and they regard the se)eral physical forces, )i.", light, sound, heat,
magnetism, and electricity as but different manifestations of the same"
Professor (alfour ,tewart regards electricity as a manifestation of energy"
Professor :anot defines electricity as a physical agent"
Professor Miller calls it a compound force"
Page 3BH
4orce, energy, and physical agent are simply different words to express the same
idea" +t will thus be seen that the modern men of science are agreed upon this point,
that electricity is a force" #et us proceed a step farther, and see whether matter and
force are interchangeable terms" $hat is whether matter is force, or force is matter"
4rom the 1uotations gi)en abo)e, it will be seen that Professor $yndall says that
matter is composed of atoms, and that which &eeps these atoms together or tears them
asunder is force" $hat is, matter is different from force" *s matter is composed of
atoms it must be ponderableE !olonel 5lcott admits this" +t can be pro)ed by
experiment that the air we breathe, and the water we drin&, ha)e each of them some
weight" $he uni)ersal ether of science, which exists in extreme tenuity, can be pro)ed
to possess some weight"Z
+s this test applicable to forceP +n whate)er form it may be manifest, as light,
sound, heat, magnetism, or electricity, it can be experimentally pro)ed that it has no
#ight, according to the latest theories in science, is the result of undulations or
)ibrations of an elastic medium or ether of inconcei)able tenuity, filling all space" (y
any scientific apparatus, yet &nown, it is not practicable to weigh a ray of light" +f we
pass se)eral rays of light through a lens or prism, it does not in any way gain in
'eat is the )ibration of the atom of a body" !an we weigh heatP + donQt thin& we
can" $he ball experiment is well &nown e)en to the beginners of science"
Magnetism or electricity are called polar forces"
* soft iron bar, after it is permanently magneti.ed, does not gain in weight"] ,o,
also, a #eyden Mar charged with electricity does not gain in weightE or a platinum wire
attached to the two poles of a gal)anic battery which will be red hot while electricity
is passing through it, will not gain in weight" +t may be urged by some that the present
science has not the means to weigh these" $he simple reply to this would be that if the
chemical balance is now capable of weighing minute bodies, there is no reason why
these agents, which are both demonstrable and appreciable, should not be weighed by
it, if they had any weight"
+t would seem that such an argument may be brought forward simply with a
)iew to e)ading the point in 1uestion"
Z ,cience would feel than&ful to our correspondent, we should say, if he could but pro)e his
assertion" U'"P"("V
] K,oft iron cannot be KpermanentlyL magnetised" 5ur correspondent confounds it probably with
steel" U'"P"("V
Page 3B2
'ence we may conclude that these se)eral manifestations of force are
imponderable" *s matter is ponderable, they cannot be matterR that is, force is not
matter" 6lectricity has been described abo)e as a forceE therefore, it is not matter"
'ow is it then that electricity is called matter, and is mentioned as an illustration of
matter along with air and waterP
*s a 1uestion of science, discussion on this subMect seems desirable, and $he
$heosophist would assist the cause of science by gi)ing publicity to this letter, and
in)iting replies to it from those including !olonel 5lcott, who maintain that
electricity is matter and not a force"
(aroda, =uly 19, 1223"
>* Reply"?
(< *95$'6R $'65,5P'+,$"Z
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, pp" 319C33DV
K*s a 1uestion of science,L@which, as such, has to be strictly &ept within the
boundaries of modern materialistic science@all Kdiscussion on this subMect,L
howe)er Kdesirable,L would pro)e, on the whole, unprofitable" 4irstly, because
science confines herself only to the physical aspects of the conser)ation of energy or
correlation of forcesE and, secondly, because, notwithstanding her own fran&
admissions of helpless ignorance of the ultimate causes of things, Mudging by the tone
of our criticQs article, + doubt whether he would be willing to admit the utter
unaptness of some of the scientific terms as appro)ed by the /)iMa, the KtwiceCbornL
of the Royal ,ociety, and obediently accepted by their easily persuaded admirers" +n
our age of freedom of thought and cheap paradox, party spirit reigns supreme, and
science has become more intolerant, if possible, than e)en theology"

Z U +n #etters of '" P" (la)ats&y to *" P" ,innett, p" 2, '"P"(" states that this answer is from the pen
of Master 8"'" +t is not &nown whether it was dictated to '"P"(", or recei)ed in some other manner"
@ !ompiler"V
Page 3B9
$he only position, therefore, that could be safely assumed by a student of
esoteric philosophy against >e)idently? a champion of the exact science, in a
discussion upon the appropriateness of certain modern scientific terms, would be to
fight the latter with his own weapons, yet without stirring an inch from oneQs own
ground" *nd this is Must what + now propose to do"
*t the first glance, there does not seem much to answer in the article@K+s
6lectricity Matter or 4orcePL * modest point of interrogation, parenthetically placed
after the word Khydrogen,L in an enumeration of the e1ui)alents of Kthe air we
breatheLE and, the 1uestion, as shown in the heading, and already seemingly settled
by a series of 1uotations ta&en from scientific authorities who ha)e been pleased to
regard electricity as Ka force,L@is all we find in it" (ut it is so only at the Kfirst
glance"L 5ne need not study our 1ueristQs article )ery profoundly, to percei)e that it
in)ol)es a 1uestion of a far more serious moment to the $heosophists, than there
appears to be in it at first" +t is neither more nor less than the followingR K+s the
President of a ,ociety, which numbers among its adherents some of the most
scientific minds and intellects of 6urope and *merica, any better than an ignoramus
who has not e)en studied, or, has forgotten, his school primers@or is he notPL $he
implication is a )ery gra)e one, and demands as serious a consideration"
9ow, it could hardly be expected that any reasonable man personally ac1uainted
with the President would lose his time o)er pro)ing that !olonel 5lcott cannot be
ignorant of that which e)ery schoolboy is taught and &nowsE to wit, that air, the
gaseous fluid, in which we li)e and breathe, consists essentially of two gasesR oxygen
and nitrogen, in a state of mechanical mixture" 9or does anyone need a Professor
$yndall to assure him of the fact" 'ence, while the sneer implied in the interrogation
mar& would seem 1uite natural if the paper emanated from an enemy, it naturally
shoc&s a $heosophist to find it proceeding from a (rother member"
Page 31B
9o 4ellow can be ignorant of the fact, that Kthe PresidentC4ounder of the
$heosophical ,ocietyL has ne)er pretended to lecture upon any specific subMect
pertaining to physical sciences@which is the pro)ince of physicists and chemistsE nor
has Kthe learned PresidentL pledged himself ne)er to depart from the orthodox
terminology of the 4ellows of the Royal ,ociety" *n expounder and ad)ocate of
occult sciences, he may be permitted to use the peculiar phraseology of the ancient
philosophers" +t is simply absurd to ha)e to point out that which is selfCe)identE
namely, that the e1ui)alents Kof the air we breathe,L enumerated by the lecturer, did
not relate to the atmospheric air pure and simple@for he would ha)e probably said in
such a case Kchemical constituents,L or its Kcompound elementsL@but to the whole
atmosphere, one of the fi)e primiti)e elements of occult philosophy composed of
)arious and many gases"
$o show the better the right we ha)e to assume an attitude of opposition against
certain arbitrary assumptions of modern science, and to hold to our own )iews, + must
be permitted to ma&e a short digression and to remind our critic of a few
unanswerable points" $he bare fact that modern science has been pleased to di)ide
and subdi)ide the atmosphere into a whole host of elements, and to call them so for
her own con)enience, is no authoritati)e reason why the 5ccultists should accept that
terminology" ,cience has ne)er yet succeeded in decomposing a single one of the
many simple bodies, miscalled Kelementary substances,L for which failure, probably,
the latter ha)e been named by her Kelementary"L *nd whether she may yet, or ne)er
may, succeed in that direction in time, and thus recogni.e her error, in the meanwhile
we, 5ccultists, permit oursel)es to maintain that the alleged KprimordialL atoms
would be better specified under any other name but that one" %ith all the respect due
to the men of science, the terms KelementL and KelementaryL applied to the ultimate
atoms and molecules of matter of which they &now nothing, do not seem in the least
Mustifiable" +t is as though the Royal ,ociety agreed to call e)ery star a K8osmos,L
because each star is supposed to be a world li&e our own planet, and then would
begin taunting the ancients with ignorance since they &new but of one 8osmos@the
boundless infinite uni)erseY
Page 311
,o far, howe)er, science admits herself that the words KelementL and
Kelementary,L unless applied to primordial principles, or selfCexisting essences out of
which the uni)erse was e)oluted, are unfortunate termsE and remar&s thereupon that
Kexperimental science deals only with legitimate deductions from the facts of
obser)ation, and has nothing to do with any &ind of essences except those which it
can see, smell, or taste"L Professor =" P" !oo&e tells us that K,cience lea)es all others
to the metaphysiciansL >9ew !hemistry, 12HH?" $his stern pronunciamento, which
shows the men of science refusing to ta&e anything on faith, is immediately followed
by a )ery curious admission made by the same author" K5ur theory, + grant, may all
be wrong,L he adds, Kand there may be no such things as molecules>Y? " " " $he new
chemistry assumes, as its fundamental postulate that the magnitudes we call
molecules are realitiesE but this is the only postulate"LZ %e are thus made to suspect
that the exact science of chemistry needs to ta&e as well as transcendental
metaphysics something on blind faith" :rant her the postulate@and her deductions
ma&e of her an exact scienceE deny it@and the Kexact scienceL falls to piecesY $hus,
in this respect, physical science does not stand higher than psychological science, and
the 5ccultists need fear but )ery little of the thunderbolts of their most exact ri)als"
(oth are, to say the least, on a par" $he chemist, though carrying his subdi)ision of
molecules further than the physicist, can no more than he experiment on indi)idual
molecules" 5ne may e)en remind both that none of them has e)er seen an indi)idual
molecule" 9e)ertheless, and while priding themsel)es upon ta&ing nothing on faith,
they admit that they cannot often follow the subdi)ision of molecules with the eye,
but Kcan discern it with the intellectL Up" 29V" %hat more, then, do they do than the
5ccultists, the alchemists, the adeptsP
Z U+talics are '"P"("Qs" $he 1uotation is on p" HG of !oo&eQs wor&"@ !ompiler"V
Page 313
%hile they discern with the Kintellect,L the adept, as he maintains, can as easily
discern the subdi)isibility ad infinitum of that, which his ri)al of the exact methods
pleases to call an Kelementary body,L and he follows it@with the spiritual in addition
to his physical intellect"
+n )iew then of all that precedes, + maintain that the President of the
$heosophical ,ociety had a perfect right to use the language of the 5ccultists in
preference to that of modern science" 'owe)er, e)en were we to admit that the
Ke1ui)alentsL under re)iew referred simply to the air we breathe, as specified by that
science, + still fail to percei)e why the lecturer should not ha)e mentioned
KhydrogenL along with the other gases" $hough air consists properly but of two gases,
yet with these are always present a certain proportion of carbonic acid gas and
a1ueous )apour" *nd with the presence of the latter, how can KhydrogenL be
excludedP +s our learned (rother prepared to maintain that we ne)er breathe anything
but oxygen and nitrogenP $he &ind assurance we ha)e from science that the presence
of any gas in the atmosphere, besides oxygen and nitrogen, ought to be regarded
simply as accidental impuritiesE and that the proportions of the two elements of the
air hardly )ary, whether ta&en from thic&ly populated cities or o)ercrowded hospitals,
is one of those scientific fictions which is hardly borne out by facts" +n e)ery closely
confined place, in e)ery locality exposed to putrescent exhalations, in crowded
suburbs and hospitals@as our critic ought to &now@the proportion of oxygen
diminishes to ma&e room for mephitic gases"Z
(ut we must pass to the more important 1uestion, now, and see, how far science
is Mustified in regarding electricity as a force, and !olonel 5lcott@with all the other
6astern 5ccultists@in maintaining that it is Kstill matter"L
Z +n Paris@the centre of ci)ili.ation@the air collected in one of its suburbs, was found, when
analysed, a few years ago, to contain only 13"H9 per cent Uof oxygenV instead of 33, its usual
proportionE nitrogen was present to the amount of 21"3D per cent, carbonic acid 3"B1, and
sulphuretted hydrogen 3"99 per cent"
Page 313
(efore we open the discussion, + must be allowed to remar&, that since Ka
$heosophistL wants to be scientifically accurate, he ought to remember that science
does not call electricity a force, but only one of the many manifestations of the sameE
a mode of action or motion" 'er list of the )arious &inds of energy which occur in
nature is long, and many are the names she uses to distinguish them" %ith all that,
one of her most eminent adepts, Professor (alfour ,tewart@one of the authorities he
1uotes against our President@warns his readers >see K$he 4orces and 6nergies of
9atureL?Z that their enumeration has nothing absolute, or complete about it,
Krepresenting, as it does, not so much the present state of our &nowledge as of our
want of &nowledge, or rather profound ignorance of the ultimate constitution of
matter"L ,o great is that ignorance, indeed, that treating upon heat, E mode of motion
far less mysterious and better understood than electricity, that scientist confesses that
Kif heat be not a species of motion, it must necessarily be a species of matter,L and
adds that the men of science Kha)e preferred to consider heat as a species of motion
to the alternati)e of supposing the creation of a peculiar &ind of matter"L
*nd if so, what is there to warrant us that science will not yet find out her
mista&e some day, and recogni.e and call electricity in agreement with the 5ccultists
Ka species of a peculiar &ind of matterLP
$hus, before the too dogmatic admirers of modern science ta&e the 5ccultists to
tas& for )iewing electricity under one of its aspects@and for maintaining that its
basic principle@M*$$6R, they ought at first to demonstrate that science errs when
she herself, through the mouthpiece of her recogni.ed high priests, confesses her
ignorance as to what is properly 4orce and what is Matter" 4or instance, the same
Professor of 9atural Philosophy, Mr" (alfour ,tewart, ##"/", 4"R",", in his lectures
on $he !onser)ation of 6nergy, tells us as followsR
" " " we &now nothing, or next to nothing, of the ultimate structure and properties
of matter, whether organic or inorganic, UandV " " " it is in truth, only a con)enient
classification, and nothing more" Upp" 3, H2"V
Z U3rd chapter of $he !onser)ation of 6nergy, 12HD"@!ompiler"V
Page 31D
4urthermore, one and all, the men of science admit that, though they possess a
definite &nowledge of the general laws, yet they Kha)e no &nowledge of indi)iduals
in the domains of physical science"L 4or example, they suspect Ka large number of
our diseases to be caused by organic germs,L but they ha)e to a)ow that their
Kignorance about these germs is most complete"L *nd in the chapter K%hat is
6nergyPL the same great naturalist staggers the too confiding profane by the
following admissionR
" " " if our &nowledge of the nature and habits of organi.ed molecules be so
small, our &nowledge of the ultimate molecules of inorganic matter is, if possible,
still smaller" " " " +t thus appears, that we &now little or nothing about the shape or si.e
of molecules, or about the forces which actuate them " " " the )ery largest masses of
the uni)erse share with the )ery smallest this property of being beyond the scrutiny of
the human senses" " " " Upp" GC6"V
5f physical Khuman sensesL he must mean, since he &nows little, if anything, of
any other senses" (ut let us ta&e note of some further admissionsE this time by
Professor #e !onte in his lecture on the !orrelation of Vital with !hemical and
Physical 4orcesR
" " " ,ince the distinction between force and energy is imperfectly or not at all
defined in the higher forms of force, and especially in the domain of life " " " our
language cannot be more precise until our ideas in this department are far clearer than
6)en as regards the familiar li1uid@water@science is at a loss to decide
whether the oxygen and hydrogen exist, as such, in water, or whether they are
produced by some un&nown and unconcei)ed transformation of its substances" K+t is a
1uestion,L says Mr" =" P" !oo&e, Professor of !hemistry, Kabout which we may
speculate, but in regard to which we ha)e no &nowledge" (etween the 1ualities of
water and the 1ualities of these gases there is not the most distant resemblance"L *ll
they &now is that water can be decomposed by an electrical currentE but why it is so
decomposed, and then again recombined, or what is the nature of that they call
electricity, etc", they do not &now"
Z Vide (alfour ,tewart, $he !onser)ation of 6nergy, 9"<", 12HD, *ppendix, pp" 1H3CH3"
Page 31G
'ydrogen, more o)er, was till )ery lately one of the )ery few substances, which
was &nown only in its aeriform condition" +t is the lightest form of matter &nown"Z
4or nearly sixty years, e)er since the days when /a)y li1uefied chlorine, and
$hilorier carbonic acid under a pressure of fifty atmospheres@fi)e gases had always
resisted manipulation@hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbonic oxide, and finally
bioxide of nitrogen" $heoretically they might be reduced, but no means could be
found by which they could be dealt with practically, although (erthelot had subMected
them to a pressure of 2BB atmospheres" $here, howe)er, where 4araday and /umas,
Regnault and (erthelot had failed, Mr" !ailletet, a comparati)ely un&nown student of
science, but a few years ago achie)ed a complete success" 5n /ecember 16th, 12H2,
he li1uefied oxygen in the laboratory of the bcole 9ormale, and on the 3Bth of the
same month he succeeded in reducing e)en the refractory hydrogen" Mr" Raoul Pictet,
of :ene)a, went still further" 5xygen and hydrogen were not only li1uefied, but
solidified, as the experiment@by illuminating with electric light the Met as it passed
from the tubes containing the two gases, and finding therein incontestable signs of
polari.ation which implies the suspension of solid particles in the gas pro)ed"]
$here is not an atom in nature, but contains latent or potential electricity which
manifests under &nown conditions" ,cience &nows that matter generates what it calls
force, the latter manifesting itself under )arious forms of energy@such as heat, light,
electricity, magnetism, gra)itation, etc"@yet that same science has hitherto been
unable, as we find from her own admissions as gi)en abo)e, to determine with any
certainty where matter ends and force >or spirit, as some call it? begins"
Z * cubic yard of air at the temperature of HH deg" 4ahr" weighs about two pounds, while a cubic
yard of hydrogen weighs only 31h3 ounces"
] *rticle of 'enry de Par)ille, one of the best of the 4rench populari.ers of science"@ =ournal des
Page 316
,cience, while reMecting metaphysics and relegating it through her mouthpiece,
Professor $yndall, to the domain of poetry and fiction, unbridles as often as any
metaphysician her wild fancy, and allows mere hypotheses to run races on the field of
unpro)ed speculation" *ll this she does, as in the case of the molecular theory, with
no better authority for it, than the paradoxical necessity for the philosophy of e)ery
science to arbitrarily select and assume imaginary fundamental principlesE the only
proof offered in the way of demonstrating the actual existence of the latter being a
certain harmony of these principles with obser)ed facts" $hus, when men of science
imagine themsel)es subdi)iding a grain of sand to the ultimate molecule they call
oxide of silicon, they ha)e no real, but only an imaginary and purely hypothetical
right to suppose that, if they went on di)iding it further >which, of course, they
cannot? the molecule, separating itself into its chemical constituents of silicon and
oxygen, would finally yield that which has to be regarded as two elementary bodies
@since the authorities, so regard themY 9either an atom of silicon, nor an atom of
oxygen, is capable of any further subdi)ision into something else@they say" (ut the
only good reason we can find for such a strange belief is, because they ha)e tried the
experiment and@failed" (ut how can they tell that a new disco)ery, some new
in)ention of still finer and more perfect apparatuses and instruments may not show
their error some dayP 'ow do they &now that those )ery bodies now called
Kelementary atomsL are not in their turn compound bodies or molecules, which, when
analysed with still greater minuteness, may show containing in themsel)es the real,
primordial, elementary globules, the gross encasement of the still finer atomCspar&@
the spar& of #+46, the source of 6lectricity@M*$$6R stillY $ruly has 'enry
8hunrath, the greatest of the alchemists and Rosicrucians of the middle ages, shown
spirit in man@as in e)ery atom@as a bright flame enclosed within a more or less
transparent globule, which he calls soul"
Page 31H
*nd since the men of science confessedly &now nothing of >a? the origin of
either matter or forceE >b? nor of electricity or lifeE and >c? their &nowledge of the
ultimate molecules of inorganic matter amounts to a cipherE why, + as&, should any
student of 5ccultism, whose great masters may &now, perchance, of essences which
the professors of modern materialistic school can neither Ksee, smell, nor taste,L why
should he be expected to ta&e their definitions as to what is M*$$6R and what
45R!6 as the last word of unerring, infallible scienceP
KMen of science,L our critic tells us, Kemploy in turn as agents of exploration,
light, heat, magnetism, electricity and soundLE and at the same time he enunciates the
now heretical proposition, Kthat these se)eral manifestations of force are
imponderable"L + respectfully suggest that when he spea&s of imponderable agents he
sins against the decrees of his great masters" #et him study the boo&s published upon
the newly reorgani.ed chemistry based upon what is &nown as K*)ogadroQs #awLE
and then he will learn that the term imponderable agents is now regarded as a
scientific absurdity" $he latest conclusions at which modern chemistry has arri)ed, it
seems, ha)e brought it to reMect the word imponderable, and to ma&e away with those
textboo&s of preCmodern science, which refer the phenomena of heat and electricity
to attenuated forms of matter" 9othing, they hold, can be added to, or subtracted from
bodies without altering their weight" $his was said and written in 12H6, by one of the
greatest chemists in *merica" %ith all that, ha)e they become any the wiser for itP
'a)e they been able to replace by a more scientific theory the old and tabooed
Kphlogiston theoryL of the science of ,tahl, Priestley, ,cheele, and othersP@or,
because they ha)e pro)ed, to their own satisfaction, that it is highly unscientific to
refer the phenomena of heat and electricity to attenuated forms of matter ha)e they
succeeded at the same time in pro)ing what are really, 4orce, Matter, 6nergy, 4ire,
6lectricity@#+46P $he Phlogiston of ,tahl@a theory of combustion taught by
*ristotle and the :ree& philosophers@as elaborated by ,cheele, the poor ,wedish
apothecary, a secret student of 5ccultism, who, as Professor !oo&e says of him,
Kadded more &nowledge to the stoc& of chemical science in a single year than did
#a)oisier in his lifetime,L
Page 312
was not a mere fanciful speculation, though #a)oisier was permitted to taboo and
upset it"Z (ut, indeed, were the high priests of modern science to attach more weight
to the essence of things than to mere generali.ations, then, perhaps, would they be in
a better position to tell the world more of the Kultimate structure of matterL than they
now are" #a)oisier, as it is well &nown, did not add any new fact of prime importance
by upsetting the phlogiston theory, but only added Ka grand generali.ation"L (ut the
5ccultists prefer to hold to the fundamental theories of ancient sciences" 9o more
than the authors of the old theory, do they attach to phlogiston@which has its specific
name as one of the attributes of *&a[a@the idea of weight which the uninitiated
generally associate with all matter" *nd though to us it is a principle, a wellCdefined
essence, whereas to ,tahl and others it was an undefined essence@yet, no more than
we, did they )iew it as matter in the sense it has for the present men of science" *s
one of their modern professors puts itR K$ranslate the phlogiston by energy, and in
,tahlQs wor& on !hemistry and Physics, of 1H31, put energy where he wrote
phlogiston, and you ha)e " " " our great modern doctrine of conser)ation of energy"L
Verily soE it is the Kgreat modern doctrine,L only@plus something else, let me add"
'ardly a year after these words had been pronounced, the disco)ery by Professor
!roo&es of radiant matter@of which, further on@has nigh upset again all their
pre)ious theories"
K4orce, energy, physical agent, are simply different words to express the same
idea,L obser)es our critic" + belie)e he errs"
Z U$his term is deri)ed from the :ree& phlogistos, burnt, inflammable, and phlogi.ein, to set on
fire, to burn" +t is a term used for the hypothetical principle of fire, or inflammability, regarded as a
material substance" $he term was proposed by ,tahl, who, with =" =" (echer, ad)anced the
phlogiston theory" *ccording to them, e)ery combustible substance is a compound of phlogiston,
and the phenomena of combustion are due to the phlogiston lea)ing the other constituent behind"
,imilarly, metals are produced from their calces by the union of the latter with phlogiston" %hile
abandoned now, the theory is not altogether without worth, and has occult implications"@
Page 319
$o this day the men of science are unable to agree in gi)ing to electricity a
name, which would con)ey a clear and comprehensi)e definition of this K)ery
mysterious agent,L as Professor (alfour ,tewart calls it" %hile the latter states that
electricity or Kelectrical attraction may PR5(*(#< be regarded as peculiarly allied
to that force which we call chemical affinityLE and Professor $yndall calls it Ka mode
of motion,L Professor *" (ain regards electricity as one of the fi)e chief powers or
forces in natureR K5ne mechanical or molar, the momentum of mo)ing matter,L the
others Kmolecular, or embodied in the molecules, also ,;PP5,6/>P? in motion@
these are, heat, light, chemical force, electricityL >$he !orrelations of 9er)ous and
Mental 4orces?" 9ow these three definitions would not gain, + am afraid, by being
strictly analy.ed"
9o less extraordinary appears a certain conclusion K* $heosophistL arri)es at"
'a)ing reminded us that by no Kscientific apparatus yet &nown, is it practicable to
weigh a ray of lightLE he yet assures us, that " " " Kthe uni)ersal ether of science, which
exists in extreme tenuity, can be pro)ed to possess some weight"L $his assertion made
in the face of those who regard ether as a reality, and who &now that since it per)ades
the densest solids as readily as water does a sponge, it cannot, therefore, be confined
@sounds strange indeedE nor can the assumption be supported by modern ,cience"
%hen she succeeds to weigh her purely hypothetical medium, the existence of which
is so far only a con)enient hypothesis to ser)e the ends of her undulatory theory, we
will ha)e, indeed, to bow before her magic wand" ,ince our (rother is so fond of
1uoting from authorities, let him 1uote next time the followingR
%hether there are such things as wa)es of ether or not, we represent these
dimensions to our imagination as wa)e lengths " " " and e)ery student of physics will
bear me out " " " that though our theory may only be a phantom of our scientific
dreaming, these magnitudes must be the dimensions of something" >Magnitudes of
6ther %a)es, p" 3G"?
+t becomes rather difficult, after such a public confession, to belie)e that science
can pro)e the uni)ersal ether Kto possess some weight"L
Page 33B
5n the other hand, our critic )ery correctly doubts whether there e)er was any
instrument de)ised Kto weigh a ray of lightLE though he as incorrectly persists in
calling light Ka force, or energy"L 9ow + beg to maintain that, e)en in strict
accordance with modern science, which can be shown to misname her subMects nine
times out of ten, and then to &eep on nai)ely confessing it, without ma&ing the
slightest attempt to correct her misleading terms@light was ne)er regarded as Ka
force"L +t is, says science, a Kmanifestation of energy,L a Kmode of motionL produced
by a rapid )ibration of the molecules of any lightCgi)ing body and transmitted by the
undulations of ether" $he same for heat and sound, the transmission of the latter
depending, in addition to the )ibrations of ether, on the undulations of an inter)ening
atmosphere" Professor !roo&es thought at one time that he had disco)ered light to be
a force, but found out his mista&e )ery soon" $he explanation of $homas <oung of
the undulatory theory of light holds now as good as e)er, and shows that what we call
light is simply an impression produced upon the retina of the eye by the wa)eCli&e
motion of the particles of matter" #ight, then, li&e heat@of which it is the crown@is
simply the ghost, the shadow of matter in motion, the boundless, eternal, infinite
,P*!6, M5$+59 and /;R*$+59, the trinitarian essence of that which the /eists
call :od, and we@the 5ne 6lementE ,piritCmatter, or MatterCspirit, whose septenary
properties we circumscribe under its triple abstract form in the e1uilateral triangle" +f
the mediae)al $heosophists and the modern 5ccultists, call the ,piritual ,oul@the
)ahan U)ehicleV of the se)enth, the pure, immaterial spar&@Ka fire ta&en from the
eternal ocean of light,L they also call it in the esoteric language Ka pulsation of the
6ternal MotionLE and the latter cannot certainly exist outside of matter" $he men of
science ha)e Must found out Ka fourth state of matter,L whereas the 5ccultists ha)e
penetrated ages ago beyond the sixth, and, therefore, do not infer but 895% of the
existence of the se)enth@the last" Professor (alfour ,tewart, in see&ing to show light
an energy or force, 1uotes *ristotle, and remar&s that the :ree& philosopher seems to
ha)e entertained the idea that, Klight is not a body, or the emanation of any body >for
that, *ristotle says, would be a &ind of body? and that, therefore, light is an energy or
Page 331
$o this + respectfully demur and answer, that if we cannot concei)e of
mo)ement or motion without force, we can concei)e still less of an Kenergy or actL
existing in boundless space from the eternity, or e)en manifesting, without some &ind
of body" Moreo)er, the conceptions about KbodyL and KmatterL of *ristotle and Plato,
the founders of the two great ri)al schools of anti1uity, opposed as they were in many
things to each other, are ne)ertheless still more at )ariance with the conceptions about
KbodyL and KmatterL of our modern men of science" $he $heosophists, old and
modern, the *lchemists and Rosicrucians ha)e e)er maintained that there were no
such things per se as Klight,L Kheat,L Ksound,L KelectricityLE least of all@could there
be a )acuum in nature" *nd now the results of old and modern in)estigation fully
corroborate what they had always affirmed, namely, that in reality there is no such
thing as a Kchemical ray,L a Klight ray,L or a Kheat ray"L $here is nothing but radiant
energyE or, as a man of science expresses it in the ,cientific *merican,Z radiant
energy@Kmotion of some &ind, causing )ibrations across space of something
between us and the sun@something which, without understanding fully U)erily soYV,
we call Xether,Q and which exists e)erywhere, e)en in the X)acuumQ of a radiometer"L
$he sentence UthoughV confused, is none the less, the last word of science" *gainR
K%e ha)e always one and the same cause, radiant energy, and we gi)e this one thing
different names, Xactinism,Q Xlight,Q or Xheat"QL *nd we are also told that the miscalled
chemical or actinic rays, as well as those which the eye sees as blue or green, or red,
and those which the thermometer feels@Kare all due to one thing@motion of the
9ow the sun and ether being beyond dispute material bodies, necessarily e)ery
one of their effects@light, heat, sound, electricity, etc"@must be, agreeably to the
definition of *ristotle >as accepted, though slightly misconcei)ed, by Professor
(alfour ,tewart? also Ka &ind of body,L ergo@M*$$6R"
Z K$he ,unQs Radiant 6nergy,L by Prof" ," P" #angley, ,cientific *merican, Vol" D1, =uly 36, 12H9,
p" G3"
Page 333
(ut what is in reality MatterP %e ha)e seen that it is hardly possible to call electricity
a force, and yet we are forbidden to call it matter under the penalty of being called
unscientificY 6lectricity has no weight@Ka $heosophistL teaches us@ergo it cannot
be matter" %ell, there is much to be said on both sides" MalletQs experiment, which
corroborated that of Pirani >12H2?, showed that electricity is under the influence of
gra)itation, and must ha)e, therefore, some weight" * straight copper wire@with its
ends bent downward@is suspended at the middle to one of the arms of a delicate
balance, while the bent ends dip in mercury" %hen the current of a strong battery is
passed through the wire by the inter)ention of the mercury, the arm to which the wire
is attached, although accurately balanced by a counterpoise, sensibly tends
downward, notwithstanding the resistance produced by the buoyancy of the mercury"
MalletQs opponents who tried at the time to show that gra)itation had nothing to do
with the fact of the arm of the balance tending downward, but that it was due to the
law of attraction of electric currentsE and who brought forward to that effect (arlowQs
theory of electric currents and *mpdreQs disco)ery that electric currents, running in
opposite directions, repel one another and are sometimes dri)en upward against
gra)itation@only pro)ed that men of science will rarely agree, and that the 1uestion
is so far an open one" $his, howe)er, raises a side issue as to what is Kthe law of
gra)itation"L $he scientists of the present day assume that Kgra)itationL and
KattractionL are 1uite distinct from one another" (ut the day may not be far distant
when the theory of the 5ccultists that the Klaw of gra)itationL is nothing more or less
than the Klaw of attraction and repulsion,L will be pro)ed scientifically correct"
,cience may, of course, if it so pleases her, call electricity a force" 5nly by
grouping it together with light and heat, to which the name of force is decidedly
refused, she has either to plead guilty of inconsistency, or to tacitly admit that it is a
Kspecies of matter"L
Page 333
(ut whether electricity has weight or not, no true scientist is prepared to show
that there is no matter so light as to be beyond weighing with our present instruments"
*nd this brings us directly to the latest disco)ery, one of the grandest in science, +
mean Mr" !roo&esQ Kradiant matterL or@as it is now called $'6 45;R$' ,$*$6
54 M*$$6R"
$hat the three states of matter@the solid, the li1uid and the gaseous@are but so
many stages in an unbro&en chain of physical continuity, and that the three correlate,
or are transformed one into the other by insensible gradations, needs no further
demonstration, we belie)e" (ut what is of a far greater importance for us, 5ccultists,
is the admission made by se)eral great men of science in )arious articles upon the
disco)ery of that fourth state of matter" ,ays one of them in the ,cientific *mericanR
$here is nothing any more improbable in the supposition that these three states
of matter do not exhaust the possibilities of material condition, than in supposing the
possibilities of sound to extend to aerial undulations to which our organs of hearing
are insensible, or the possibilities of )ision to ethereal undulations too rapid or too
slow to affect our eyes as light"
*nd, as Professor !roo&es has now succeeded in refining gases to a condition so
ethereal as to reach a state of matter Kfairly describable as ultraCgaseous, and
exhibiting an entirely no)el set of properties,L why should the 5ccultists be ta&en to
tas& for affirming that there are beyond that Kultra gaseousL state still other states of
matterE states, so ultra refined, e)en in their grosser manifestations@such as
electricity under all its &nown forms@as to ha)e fairly deluded the scientific senses,
and let the happy possessors thereof call electricity@a 4orceY $hey tell us that it is
ob)ious that if the tenuity of some gas is )ery greatly increased, as in the most perfect
)acua attainable, the number of molecules may be so diminished, that their collisions
under fa)ourable conditions may become so few, in comparison with the number of
masses, that they will cease to ha)e a determining effect upon the physical character
of the matter under obser)ation"
Page 33D
+n other words, they say, Kthe free flying molecules, if left to obey the laws of
&inetic force without mutual interference, will cease to exhibit the properties
characteristic of the gaseous state, and ta&e on an entirely new set of properties"L $his
is R*/+*9$ M*$$6R" *nd still beyond, lies the source of electricity@still
9ow it would be too presumptuous on our part to remind the reader, that if a fourth
state of matter was disco)ered by Professor !roo&es, and a fourth dimension of space
by Professor 7\llner, both indi)iduals standing at the )ery fountainhead of science,
there is nothing impossible that in time there will be disco)ered a fifth, sixth, and
e)en se)enth condition of matter, as well as se)en senses in man, and that all nature
will finally be found septenary, for who can assign limits to the possibilities of the
latterY ,pea&ing of his disco)ery, Professor !roo&es Mustly remar&s, that the
phenomena he has in)estigated in his exhausted tubes re)eal to physical science a
new field for exploration, a new world@
* world, wherein matter exists in a fourth state, where the corpuscular theory of
light holds good, and where light does not always mo)e in a straight line, but where
we can ne)er enter, and in which we must be content to obser)e and experiment from
$o this the 5ccultist might answer, Kif we can ne)er enter it, with the help of our
physical senses, we ha)e long since entered and e)en gone beyond it, carried thither
by our spiritual faculties and in our spiritual bodies"L
*nd now + will close the too lengthy article with the following reflection" $he
ancients ne)er in)ented their myths" 5ne, ac1uainted with the science of occult
symbology, can always detect a scientific fact under the mas& of grotes1ue fancy"
$hus one, who would go to the trouble of studying the fable of 6lectra@one of the
se)en *tlantides@in the light of occult science, would soon disco)er the real nature
of 6lectricity, and learn that it signifies little whether we call it 4orce or Matter, since
it is both, and so far, in the sense gi)en it by modern science, both terms may be
regarded as misnomers" 6lectra, we &now, is the wife and daughter of *tlas the $itan,
and the son of *sia and of Pleione, the daughter of the 5cean" " " "

Page 33G
*s Professor #e !onte well remar&sR K$here are many of the best scientists who
ridicule the use of the term )ital force, or )itality, as a remnant of superstitionE and
yet the same men use the words gra)ity, magnetic force, chemical force, physical
force, electrical force, etc"LZ and are withal unable to explain what is life, or e)en
electricityE nor are they able to assign any good reason for that wellC&nown fact that
when an animal body is &illed by lightning, after death the blood does not coagulate"
!hemistry, which shows to us e)ery atom, whether organic or inorganic in nature
susceptible to polari.ation, whether in its atomic mass or as a unit, and inert matter
allied with gra)ity, light with heat, etc"@hence as containing latent electricity@still
persists in ma&ing a difference between organic and inorganic matter, though both are
due to the same mysterious energy, e)er at wor& by her own occult processes in
natureQs laboratory, in the mineral no less than in the )egetable &ingdom" $herefore
do the 5ccultists maintain that the philosophical conception of spirit, li&e the
conception of matter, must rest on one and the same basis of phenomena, adding that
4orce and Matter, ,pirit and Matter, or /eity and 9ature, though they may be )iewed
as opposite poles in their respecti)e manifestations, yet are in essence and in truth but
one, and that life is present as much in a dead as in a li)ing body, in the organic as in
the inorganic matter" $his is why, while science is searching still and may go on
searching fore)er to sol)e the problem K%hat is lifePL the 5ccultist can afford to
refuse ta&ing the trouble, since he claims, with as much good reason as any gi)en to
the contrary, that #ife, whether in its latent or dynamical form, is e)erywhere" $hat it
is as infinite and as indestructible as matter itself, since neither can exist without the
other, and that electricity is the )ery essence and origin of@#ife itself" KPurushL is
nonCexistent without KPra&ritiLE nor, can Pra&riti, or plastic matter ha)e being or exist
without Purush, or spirit, )ital energy, #+46" Purush and Pra&riti are in short the two
poles of the one eternal element, and are synonymous and con)ertible terms"
Z U,ummari.ed from =oseph #e !onteQs 6)olution and its Relation to Religious $hought >1222?,
Part 3, chap" i), p" 399, footnote"@!ompiler"V
Page 336
5ur bodies, as organi.ed tissues, are indeed Kan unstable arrangement of
chemical forces,L plus a molecular force@as Professor (ain calls electricity@raging
in it dynamically during life, tearing asunder its particles, at death, to transform itself
into a chemical force after the process, and thence again to resurrect as an electrical
force or life in e)ery indi)idual atom" $herefore, whether it is called 4orce or Matter,
it will e)er remain the 5mnipresent Proteus of the ;ni)erse, the one element@#+46
@,pirit or 4orce at its negati)e, Matter at its positi)e poleE the former the
M*$6R+5C,P+R+$;*#, the latter, the M*$6R+5CP'<,+!*# ;ni)erse@9ature,
,)abha)at or +9/6,$R;!$+(#6 M*$$6R"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +++, 9o" 13, ,eptember, 1223, pp" 33DC36V
%e publish the following letter from K'" F",LZ under a strong personal protest"
*nother paper signed by se)eral !helas@all accepted pupils and disciples of our
MastersWWthat immediately follows it, will show to our readers that we are not alone
in feeling pain for such an ungenerous and uncalledCfor criticism, which we ha)e
e)ery right to consider as a )ery oneCsided expression of a merely personal opinion" +f
it is ne)er fair or Must in a 6uropean to Mudge of an *siatic according to his own
%estern code and criterion, how much more unfair it becomes when the same
standard is applied by him to an exceptional class of people who are@owing to their
recogni.ed learning, wondrous powers, and especially their great purity of life@
exempted from Mudgment e)en by their own people@the teeming millions of *sia, of
whate)er nation, religion or caste"
Z U*" 5" 'ume"V
Page 33H
5ur correspondent must surely be aware of the fact, &nown to e)ery child in
+ndia, )i.", that they, whom the numberless masses of *siatics call Mahatmas@-great
soulsL@and re)erentially bow to, are subMect to neither the tyranny of caste, nor that
of social or religious laws" $hat so holy are they in the eyes of e)en the most bigoted,
that for long ages they ha)e been regarded as a law within the law, e)ery ordinary and
other law losing its rights o)er such exceptional men" Vox populi, )ox /ei, is an old
pro)erb showing that the intuitions of the masses can rarely fail to instincti)ely
percei)e great truths" 9or can we really see any reason, why a hitherto un&nown and
profoundly secret 4raternity, a handful of men who ha)e strenuously a)oided coming
in contact with the outside world, who neither force themsel)es upon, nor e)en first
)olunteer their teachings to any one@least of all 6uropeans@why, we say, they
should be so unceremoniously dragged out before the ga.e of a perfectly indifferent
public >that is neither interested nor does it generally belie)e in their existence? only
to be placed in a false light >false because of its great incompleteness? and then cut up
piecemeal by one dissatisfied student for the supposed benefit of a few who are not
e)en lay chelasY 'owe)er, since it is the pleasure of our Masters themsel)es, that the
abo)e criticism should be placed before the *reopagus of a public, for whose opinion
they must care as much as the great Pyramid does for the hot wind of the /esert
sweeping o)er its hoary top@we must obey" <et, we repeat most emphatically that,
had it not been for the express orders recei)ed from our great (rothers, we should
ha)e ne)er consented to publish such a@to say the least@ungenerous document"
Perchance it may do good in one directionR it gi)es the &ey, we thin&, to the true
reason why our (rothers feel so reluctant to show fa)ours e)en to the most
intellectual among the 6uropean KwouldCbeL mystics"
Page 332
U$he letter from K'"F"L to the 6ditor comments first upon +sis ;n)eiled which,
it is said, Kfor all but the adepts and chelas@teems with what are practically errors"L
$he writerQs chief complaint is that the truth was not completely gi)en out by '" P" ("
and the MastersE he holds Kthat &nowing what they do, it is a sin on their part not to
communicate to the world all the &nowledge they possess, which would not in)ol)e
conferring on people unworthy, probably, to exercise them, occult powers"L 'e
further belie)es that K!" !" M" and other (ritish $heosophists, must be prepared to
meet constantly with all &inds of things in connection with the alleged sayings and
doings of the (R5$'6R, which to them seem 1uite inconsistent with such beings as
adepts, or more properly with their +/6*#, of what these 5;:'$ to be"L *ccording
to his ideas, Kthree courses are open to usR >1? $o accept the (R5$'6R, as they are "
" "E >3? $o gi)e up the (R5$'6R, and their painfully doled out glimpses of the
hidden higher &nowledge " " "E >3? $o cut the concern altogether as affording no
prospects of any practical results" " " "L
K'"F"L says among other thingsR K" " " in one wee& + could teach any ordinarily
intelligent man, all, that in eighteen months, we all of us ha)e succeeded in extracting
from them,L i"e", the (rothers"L $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
9o doubt, no doubt" *ny Kordinarily intelligent manL may learn in an hour, or
perhaps less, to spea& through a telephone, or a phonograph" (ut how many years
were re1uired to first disco)er the secret force, then to apply it, in)ent and perfect the
two wonderful instruments"
UK'"F"L spea&s of a perfect adept Kwhich our immediate adept masters cannot,
they tell us, claim to be"L $o this '"P"(" remar&sRV
Perfect adeptR 5ne who has successfully passed the highest degree of initiation
beyond which is perfect *diC(uddhaship, than which there is no higher one on this
May not this confession of our (R5$'6R, be partially due to one more attribute
they are found to share so KgrudginglyL and rarely with the too Keducated
6uropeans,L namely@ModestyP
U'ere follows K* ProtestL against K'"F"QsL article, signed by a number of
K*cceptedL and KProbationaryL 'indu !helas"V
Page 339
%e, the undersigned, the K*cceptedL and KProbationaryL 'indu !helas of the
'+M*#*<*9 (R5$'6R,, their disciples in +ndia, and 9orthern !ashmere,
respectfully claim our right to protest against the tone used in the abo)e article, and
the bold criticisms of '" F"@ a lay !hela" 9o one who has once offered himself as a
pupil has any right to openly criticise and blame our M*,$6R, simply upon his own
un)erified hypotheses, and thus to preMudge the situation" *nd, we respectfully
maintain that it befits ill one, to whom positi)ely exceptional fa)ours were shown, to
drag their personalities as unceremoniously before the public as he would any other
class of men"
(elonging, as we do, to the soCcalled KinferiorL *siatic race, we cannot help
ha)ing for our Masters that boundless de)otion which the 6uropean condemns as
sla)ish" $he %estern races would howe)er do well to remember that if some of the
poor *siatics arri)ed at such a height of &nowledge regarding the mysteries of nature,
it was only due to the fact that the !helas ha)e always blindly followed the dictates
of their Masters and ha)e ne)er set themsel)es higher than, or e)en as high as, their
:urus" $he result was that sooner or later they were rewarded for their de)otion,
according to their respecti)e capacities and merits by those who, owing to years of
selfCsacrifice and de)otion to their :urus, had in their turn become */6P$," %e
thin& that our blessed M*,$6R, ought to be the best Mudges how to impart
instruction" Most of us ha)e seen and &now them personally, while two of the
undersigned li)e with the )enerated M*'*$M*,, and therefore &now how much of
their powers is used for the good and wellCbeing of 'umanity" *nd if, for reasons of
their own, which we &now must be good and wise, our :urus abstain from
communicating Kto the world all the &nowledge they possessL it is no reason why
Klay !helasL who &now yet so little about them should call it Ka sinL and assume
upon themsel)es the right of remonstrating with, and teaching them publicly what
they imagine to be their duty" 9or does the fact that they are Keducated 6uropean
gentlemenL@alter the case Moreo)er our learned (rother, who complains of
recei)ing so little from our M*,$6R,, seems to lose sight of the, to him
unimportant, fact that 6uropeans, no less than nati)es, ought to feel than&ful for e)en
such Kcrumbs of &nowledgeL as they may get, since it is not our M*,$6R, who
ha)e first offered their instruction, but we oursel)es who, cra)ing, repeatedly beg for
it" $herefore, howe)er indisputably cle)er and highly able, from a literary and
intellectual standpoint, '" F"Qs letter, its writer must not feel surprised to find that,
o)erloo&ing all its cle)erness, we nati)es discern in it, foremost and abo)e all, an
imperious spirit of domineering@utterly foreign to our own natures@ a spirit that
would dictate its own laws e)en to those who can ne)er come under anyoneQs sway"
Page 33B
9o less painfully are we impressed by the utter absence in the letter, we are
now protesting against, of any grateful ac&nowledgment e)en for the little that has
confessedly been done"
+n conse1uence of the abo)e gi)en reasons, we, the undersigned, pray our
(rothers of $he $heosophist to gi)e room in their =ournal to our PR5$6,$"
/*V* M;9+ " " " " "
P*R*M*'*9,* ,';(C$;9: " " " " " " "
$" ,;((* R5%, ("*"("#", 4"$"," " " " " " "
/*R('*:+R+ 9*$', 4"$","
," R*M*,%*M+6R, ("*", 4"$","
:;*#* 8" /6(, 4"$","
95(+9 8" (*96R=66, 4"$","
$" $" :;R;/*,, 4"$","
('5#* /6V* ,*RM*, 4"$","
," $" 8 " " " " " " " !'*R<, 4"$","
:*R:<* /6V*, 4"$","
/*M5/*R 8" M*V*#*98*R, 4"$","
U$he Philosophic +n1uirer, Madras, ,eptember 3D, 1223V
$o the 6ditor of $he Philosophic +n1uirer"
My dear ,ir and (rother,@+ was )ery ill for the last two or three wee&s, and
could not therefore attend to business as + ought to" (ut + ha)e read Mr" (radlaughQs
case, and + feel unable to do Mustice to my feelings in saying only that + am
profoundly disgusted with the shameless, barefaced plot resorted to against him by
his enemies"
Page 331
+t would be sufficient to turn any honest !hristian fore)er from !hristianity and
to plunge him into the deepest KheathenismL and atheism, that bare fact that
otherwise he would ha)e to belong to the same creed that actuates such men as ,ir
'enry $yler and the tutti 1uanti" + respect and admire Mr" (radlaugh for his
fearlessness and the good he does to all who fight for the cause of intellectual
freedomE though of course, + cannot as a metaphysical *theist or (uddhist
sympathi.e with his and your extreme )iews" (ut whether as '" P" (la)ats&y + do or
do not sympathi.e with his allCdenying philosophy, as a $heosophist + am bound@as
e)ery other true $heosophist@to help him in his deadly fight against rampant
bigotry, intolerance, dogmatism, and especially against those unprincipled men who
would ma&e right of might, and disgrace the maMesty of #aw and =ustice, by ma&ing it
ser)e their own tric&y, sectarian ends" %ill you then oblige me by adding our humble
contributions to those already recei)ed for your K4undL to enable Mr" (radlaugh to
fight the K(igots"L 5ur ,ociety is poor and has no fund of its own" 5therwise had it
but the income the ,al)ation *rmy gets in one month, + can assure you, the
$heosophical ,ociety would ha)e changed e)ery pound ,terling into 1BBB"
,o far we can do but the followingR
Rs" *"
4rom '" ," 5lcott 1B B
4rom '" P" (la)ats&y 1B B
4rom /amodar 8" Ma)alan&ar G B
4rom ,e)en Poor $heists >$heosophists? 1B B
(ombay, ,eptember 1Gth, 1223"
Page 333
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 1, 5ctober, 1223, pp" 6C9V
$he ignorance which commonly pre)ails among 6nglish !hristians concerning
the history of their own religious boo&s and, it is feared, of their contents@has been
amusingly illustrated by a few letters, recently exchanged in $he Pioneer between the
supporters and the critics of the (ishop of (ombay@the contro)ersialists brea&ing
their lances o)er the pastoral concerning the di)orce and remarriage 1uestion" Much
in& was split during the correspondence, and still more saintly ignorance shown on
both sides" K5ne of the #aity,L who supports, and K$^bingen,L who criticises, close
the rather lengthy polemics" * letter from the former, framed in a style that might as
well stand for )eiled sarcasm as for religious cant >see $he Pioneer of *ugust 19?
runs as followsR
,ir,@+ ha)e read, in this and many other newspapers, articles and letters
respecting the (ishop of (ombayQs pastoral" (ut it seems to me that they all miss the
mar&, turning simply on human opinion" $he 1uestion is a )ery simple oneR 5ur
(lessed #ord whilst on earth, being *lmighty :od as well as man, and conse1uently
perfectly &nowing e)ery contro)ersy that would rage in the future o)er 'is words
>this one among others? said words plainly and distinctly" $his is, + suppose,
undeniable@at least by !hristians" 'is ser)ant, the (ishop of (ombay >+ suppose no
one will deny that the (ishop of (ombay is our #ordQs ser)ant in a more especial
sense than he is the ser)ant of the ,tate? has repeated these words plainly and
distinctly" *nd these same words will be repeated plainly and distinctly, and, to some,
with terrible emphasis, on the /ay of =udgment" $hat is all, enough@too much
perhaps" 'uman respect, public opinion, ci)il law@all these things will pass awayE
but the words of *lmighty :od will ne)er pass away"
Page 333
Personally, + am satisfied with &nowing that the !hurch, ha)ing been endowed
by our (lessed #ord with absolute and infallible authority in all 1uestions of faith and
morals, has put forth certain discipline with respect to marriageE but + &now
Protestants refuse to allow this" Perhaps a little reflection on the subMect of the /ay of
=udgment may cause them to see that the (ishop of (ombay is right in what he has
put forth" +f a person can calmly ma&e up his mind to bring forward at the /ay of
=udgment public opinion, human respect, ci)il law, as excuses for what he has done,
or not done, on earth, by all means let him@and abide the result" 'ere, on earth,
indi)iduals, good and bad, made mista&es" $here, there will be none@except those
already made on earthE and, as 4aber says, it will be an exceedingly aw&ward time for
finding them out" + do not pretend to argue against persons who do not belie)e in
re)elation, being only, as my card will show you@ 596 54 $'6 #*+$<"
$his is )ery plainE and yet can hardly be allowed to pass without comments" 4or
instance, if K5ur (lessed #ordL who was K*lmighty :odL &new beforehand Ke)ery
contro)ersy that would rage in the futureL >$he Pioneer correspondence among
others? then one cannot be )ery far from truth in supposing that he also &new of the
remar&s and criticisms in store for K5ne of the #aityL in $he $heosophistP $his is
)ery encouraging, and really dissipates the last hesitation and doubts felt about the
propriety of passing remar&s, howe)er respectful, on the (ishop of (ombayQs last
pronunciamento" 5ur logic is )ery simple" ,ince that, which we are about to say
could ne)er ha)e escaped 5ur #ordQs attention eighteen centuries ago, and that up to
date we ha)e recei)ed no intimation to the contrary >silence meaning with us@as
with e)ery other trusting mortal@consent? we feel serenely confident that this
column or two was so preordained from the beginningE hence@it can gi)e offence to
no one" (ut, before offering any personal remar&s, our readers must see what
K$^bingenL had to say in reply to K5ne of the #aity"L $he abo)eC1uoted letter elicited
the following answer in $he Pioneer of *ugust 3GR
,ir,@<our #*<M*9 correspondent, who &nows so much about our #ordQs
utterances on the subMect of di)orce, seems to forget a few points which bear on the
matter, especially that the Kcertain wordsL which he and the (ishop of (ombay rely
upon, were certainly not spo&en by our #ord, who did not express 'imself in 6nglish,
but are merely a translation of an *lexandrian :ree& translation of some documents,
the origin of which + thus find spo&en of in !hambersQ most orthodox 6ncyclopaediaR
Page 33D
$he in1uiry has been treated in an extremely technical manner by many critics"
$he obMect of these theories has been to find a common origin for the :ospels"
6ichhorn and (ishop Marsh presume an original document, differing from any of the
existing gospels, and which is supposed to pass through )arious modifications"
*nother and more probable supposition is that the :ospels sprang out of a common
oral tradition" $his theory " " " is of course widely separated from the wellC&nown
$^bingen theory, which carries the period of tradition down to the middle of the
second century, and supposes the :ospels to ha)e been then called forth by the
influence of opposing teachers"L ;nder the head K$^bingen,L in another part of the
6ncyclopaedia, + read that the place is celebrated Kas a school of historicoC
philosophical theology " " " the influence of which, on religious thought, has been )ery
great, and is li&ely to pro)e permanent"L $hus, + am afraid, your #*<M*9, though
doubtless a )ery good man, is not 1uite so accurately informed concerning our #ordQs
language, as he imagines himselfE and that, considering the unfortunate uncertainty
that attends our fragmentary records of these, the (ishop of (ombay is not so wise in
regulating his )iews of di)orce according to the exact 6nglish test of the (ible, as
Parliament has been in regulating the law according to what common sense leads us
to imagine must probably ha)e been the )iews of our #ord"
$he reply is )ery good as far as it goes, but it does not go )ery farE because, the
point made that Kour #ord did not express himself in 6nglishL does not co)er the
whole ground" 'e could ha)e expressed himself in any presumably dead or li)ing
5riental language he li&ed, and yet@since he was *lmighty :od, who &new the
tremendous weapon he was furnishing the present infidels with@he might ha)e
a)oided K5ne of the #aity,L as well as the (ishop, Khis own ser)ant,L the humiliation
of being taught their own ,criptures by the infidel $'65,5P'+,$" +ndeed, while the
former has e)idently either ne)er read or has forgotten his (ible, the latter who
cannot be held ignorant of its contents, has )ery arbitrarily made a selection of the
one that suited him the best, since there are se)eral such commands in the (ible to
pic& out from, in reference to the remarriage 1uestion" %hy did not his #ordship refer
to those alsoP *nd why should the !hristian #aity be forbidden the pri)ilege of
ma&ing their choice, since the (ible affords them the opportunity of suiting e)ery
taste, while adhering as strictly in the one case as in the other to the !ommands of
*lmighty :odP
Page 33G
+f K5ne of the #aityL is personally satisfied with &nowing Kthat the !hurch ha)ing
been endowed by our (lessed #ord with absolute and infallible authority in all
1uestions of faith and morals,L has the right to Kput forth certain discipline with
respect to marriage,L then he must &now more than anyone else &nows" 4or, if
KProtestants refuse to allow this,L it is not from excess of modesty, but simply that
such a claim on their part would be really too preposterous in the face of the (ible"
=esus !hrist, though in one sense a Protestant himself, &new nothing of
ProtestantismE and endowed@if he e)er endowed anyone with anything@Peter with
such authority, lea)ing Paul out in the cold" Protestantism, ha)ing once protested
against the dictates of the Roman !atholic !hurch, has no right to assume out of the
many alleged prerogati)es of PeterQs !hurch that which suits it and reMect that which
it finds incon)enient to follow or to enforce" Moreo)er, since Protestantism chose to
gi)e e1ual authority and infallibility to both the 5ld and the 9ew $estament, its
(ishops should not, in deciding upon social or religious 1uestions, gi)e preference
only to the latter and ignore entirely what the former has to say" $he fact that the
Protestant !hurch, acting upon the principle of Kmight is right,L is, and has always
been, in the habit of resorting to it to cut e)ery :ordian &not@is no proof that she is
acting under /i)ine authority" $he claim, then, made by K5ne of the #aity,L as
K$^bingenL will see, does not rest so much upon the correctness of the translation
made of !hristQs words, or whether it was rendered by a :ree& or a 'ebrew, as upon
the selfCcontradiction of these )ery words in the (ible@ assuming, of course, that
!hrist and *lmighty :od are one and identical" 5therwise, and if =esus of 9a.areth
was simply a man, then he can neither be accused of flagrant contradiction nor of
inciting his prophets to brea& the se)enth commandment, as done by :od in the case
of 'osea" *nd it is also, we suppose, Kundeniable at least by !hristians,L that what
was good for a prophet of the #ord :od cannot be bad for a !hristian, e)en though he
be an *ngloC+ndian !i)ilian" +n truth, as K5ne of the #aityL has it, Kthe 1uestion is a
)ery simple one"L
Page 336
+t is one of ;nitarianism and a matter of choice" K!hoose ye, this day,L might say a
modern =oshua, Kwhom you will ser)eLE whether the :od which the =ews ser)ed, and
who contradicts on e)ery page of the 5ld, the 9ew $estament@the wrathful,
re)engeful, fic&le =eho)ahE or him whom you call K!hristL@one of the noblest and
purest types of humanity" 4or there can be no mista&e about thisR if !hrist is one with
the #ord :od of +srael@all this ideal purity )anishes li&e a dream, lea)ing in its place
but bewilderment, doubt, and disgust@usually followed by blan& atheism"
$o ma&e the matter plain, if the #ord (ishop, with K5ne of the #aity,L insists
that !hrist being *lmighty :od said certain words plainly and distinctly, and he K5ur
#ordQs ser)ant " " " has repeated these words,L as gi)en in Matthew, ), 33, namely,
K%hosoe)er shall put away his wife, sa)ing for the cause of@etc", causeth her to
commit adulteryE and whosoe)er shall marry her that is di)orced committeth
adulteryL@then the soCcalled infidels and the parties concerned, ha)e a right to
respectfully insist on his #ordship showing them why he, the ser)ant of the same
:od, should not repeat certain other words pronounced far more plainly and
distinctly, in the boo& of 'osea, chapter i, )erse 3, and chapter iii, 1CGP 4or certain
good reasons@one among others that $he $heosophist, not being a holy boo&, is
neither pri)ileged, nor would it consent to publish obscenities@the said )erses in
'osea cannot be 1uoted in this maga.ine" (ut e)eryone is at liberty to turn to the first
(ible on hand, and, finding the abo)e passages, read them and Mudge for himself" *nd
then he will find that *lmighty :od commands 'osea not only to ta&e unto himself a
Kdi)orced wife,L but something unpronounceably worse" *nd if we are told by some
(ible expounders, as that class will often do, that the words must not be ta&en
literally, that they are allegorical, then the burden of proof remains with the (ishop to
show why, in such case, the words in Matthew should not be also regarded as a
parableE and why this one solitary command should be enforced literally, while nearly
e)ery other that precedes or follows it, is regarded, explained, and has to be accepted
simply as a parable"
Page 33H
+f he would be consistent with himself, the (ishop should insist that as a
conse1uence of temptation e)ery !hristian would Kpluc&L out his right eye, Kcut offL
his right hand@>and who can pretend, that neither his eye nor his hand has e)er
tempted or KoffendedL himP?@would moreo)er refuse to ta&e his oath in a !ourt of
=ustice, turn his chee& to e)ery bully who would smite his face, and present with his
cloa& the first thief who would choose to rob him of his coat" 6)ery one of these
commands has been Kexplained awayL to the satisfaction of all parties concerned@
amongst others that which commands ne)er to swear at all, i"e", to ta&e the prescribed
oath@Kneither by hea)en nor by earth,L but let the affirmation be Kyea, yeaE nay,
nay"L *nd if 'is #ordship would ha)e no one deny that he Kis 5ur #ordQs ser)ant in a
more especial sense than he is the ser)ant of the ,tate,L whose law, disregarding
!hristQs inMunction, commands e)ery one of its subMects to swear upon the (ible, then
the (ishop would perhaps but strengthen his claim and silence e)en the infidels, if,
instead of losing his time o)er di)orced wi)es, he would use his elo1uence in
supporting Mr" (radlaugh, at any rate, in his refusal to ta&e his oath in Parliament" +n
this respect, at least, the !hristian clergy should be at one with the celebrated infidel"
9o doubt, a little reflection on the subMect of the K/ay of =udgmentL may go a
good way toward explaining the inexplicableE with all this, it has to be feared, it will
ne)er account for all of the abo)e enumerated inconsistencies" 9e)ertheless@nil
desperandum" $here is a pretty story told of the present 6nglish Premier by =ames $"
(ixby, in which the obMection made to a pleasant plan of marrying the late :eneral
:aribaldi to a wealthy 6nglish lady, )i.", that the hero of !apera had already one wife
@is triumphantly met by the suggestion that Mr" :ladstone could be readily got to
explain her away" Perchance, 'is #ordship of (ombay, ha)ing heard of the story, had
an eye on the Kgrand old man,L to help him" *t any rate, he seems to be as easy a
reconciler of the irreconcilable, and manifests, to use an expression of the same
author, Ka theological dissipating power of e1ual strengthL with that of the reconcilers
of ,cience and ,cripture"
Page 332
'ad K$^bingen,L instead of getting his inspiration from K!hamberQs most orthodox
6ncyclopaedia,L turned to consult what the 4athers of the !hurch ha)e themsel)es to
say about the :ospel of Matthew in which the certain words K5ne of the #aityL and
Kthe (ishop of (ombayL rely upon, are made to appear@then he would ha)e been far
better 1ualified to upset the arguments of his opponent" 'e would ha)e learned, for
instance, that out of the four, the :ospel of Matthew is the only original one, as the
only one that was written in 'ebrew or rather in one of its corrupted forms, the
:alilean ,yriac@by whom or when it was written not being now the main point"
6piphanius tells us that it was the heretic 9a.arenes or the ,abians Kwho li)e in the
city of the (eroeans toward !oeliC,yria and in the /ecapolis towards the parts of
Pella, and in the (asantisLZ who ha)e the 6)angel of Matthew most fully, and it was
originally written@in 'ebrew lettersE and that it was ,t" =erome who translated it into
:ree&R K+n 6)angelio, 1uo utuntur 9a.araeni 6bionitae, 1uod nuper in :raecum de
'ebraeo transtulimus, et 1uod )ocatur a pleris1ue Matthaei authenticum, homo iste,
1ui aridam habet manum, caementarius scribitur"L] Matthew, the despised publican,
be it remembered, is the only identified and authenticated author of his :ospel, the
other three ha)ing to remain probably fore)er under their unidentified noms de
Z U6piphanius, Panarion, (&" +, tome ++, 'aer" FF+F, m )iiE p" 133 in Peta)iusQ ed" of 6piphanius,
Paris, 1633"V
] U$his is contained in a footnote by Peta)ius, on page 13D of his ed" of 6piphaniusQ Panarion, being
appended to (&" +, tome ++, 'aer" FF+F, m )iii, but is credited to ,t" =eromeQs !ommentarius in
6)angelium secundum Matthaeum, (&" ++, cap" xii, 13" !f" =" P" Migne, Patrologiae !ursus
!ompletus, ,eries #atina, $omus FFV+, !ol" 2BC21" Paris, :arnier frdres, 122D"
$he 6nglish translation of this passage is as followsR K" " " " +n the 6)angel which was used by the
9a.arenes and the 6bionites >which we recently translated from a 'ebrew sermon into :ree&, and
which by many has been declared to be the authentic Matthew?, the same man who had the withered
hand was a stoneCmason " " "L@!ompiler"V
Page 339
$he 6bionites and the 9a.arenes are nearly identical" +nhabiting a desert
between ,yria and 6gypt beyond =ordan called 9abathaea, they were indifferently
called ,abians, 9a.arenes, and 6bionites" 5lshausen finds it remar&able that, while
all !hurch 4athers agree in saying that Matthew wrote in 'ebrew, they all use the
:ree& text as the genuine apostolic writing without mentioning what relation the
'ebrew Matthew has to the :ree& one" K+t had many peculiar additions which are
wanting in our :ree& 6)angel,L he remar&sEZ and as many omissions, we may add"
$he fact ceases at once to be remar&able when we remember that confession made by
'ieronymus >or ,t" =erome? in his letter to (ishops !hromatius and 'eliodorus, and
in se)eral other passages in his wor&sR
Matthew who was called #e)i, and who from a publican became an *postle,
was the first one in =udea who wrote an 6)angel of !hrist, in 'ebrew language and
letters, for the sa&e of those among the circumci.ed ones who had belie)ed" +t is not
sufficiently certain as to who afterwards translated it into :ree&" $he 'ebrew original
could be found to this day in the library diligently collected at !aesarea by the Martyr
Pamphilus" +t was possible e)en for me to ha)e access to this )olume which the
9a.arenes had been using in (eroea UVeriaV, a city in ,yria"]
+n the 6)angel according to the 'ebrews, which, indeed, was written in the !haldean
and ,yrian language >lingua !haldaica 1uam )ocat hic ,yriacam?, but with 'ebrew
letters, which the 9a.arenes use today according to the apostles, or as most suppose
according to Matthew, which also is contained in the library at !aesarea, the history
Z 'ermann 5lshausen, 9achweis der 6chtheit der s_mtlichen ,chriften des 9euen $estaments, p"
U(y consulting this paragraph from 5lshausenQs wor&, the last sentence, the only one actually
1uoted by '"P"(", could not be located"@!ompiler"V
] ,t" =erome, /e )iris illustribus liber, cap" 3" U!f" =" P" Migne, Patr" !" !ompl", $" FF+++, !ol" 613,
Paris, 1223"V
Page 3DB
K#o the mother of the #ord and his brothers said to him, =ohn the (aptist unto remission of sinsE let us go and be bapti.ed by him" (ut he >+asous? said
to themR what sin ha)e + committed that + should go and be bapti.ed by himPLZ
$he :ospel we ha)e of Matthew tells 1uite a different storyE and yet =erome,
spea&ing of the e)angel which 9a.arenes and 6bionites use, mentions it as the one
Kwhich we recently translated from a 'ebrew sermon into :ree& and which by many
has been declared to be the authentic MatthewL >!omm" to Matthew, ++, xii, 13?" (ut
the whole truth dawns at once on him, who reads =eromeQs letter and remembers that
this famous /almatian !hristian had been before his full con)ersion a no less famous
barrister, well ac1uainted with both ecclesiastical and legal casuistryE and that,
therefore, he must ha)e transformed the genuine 'ebrew :ospel into something 1uite
different from what it originally was" *nd such, indeed, is his own confession" 'ear
him sayingR
*n arduous tas& has been enMoined on me by <our 4elicities U(ishops
!hromatius and 'eliodorusV, namely what ,t" Matthew, *postle and 6)angelist, did
not wish to be openly written" 4or if it had not been rather secret, he would ha)e
added it to the 6)angel which he ga)e forth as his ownE but he wrote this boo& sealed
up in 'ebrew charactersE and he did not pro)ide until now for its publication, in such
a way that this boo&, written in 'ebrew script and by his own hand, is today
possessed by the most religious men, who, in the succession of time, recei)ed it from
those who preceded them" $hough they Uthe most religious, the initiatesV ne)er ga)e
this boo& to anyone to be transcribed, they transmitted its text some in one way and
some in another >aliter aliter1ue?" *nd so it happened that this boo& Uthe original
:ospel of MatthewV, published by a disciple of Manichaeus, named ,eleucus, who
also wrote falsely the *cts of the *postles, contained matter not for edification, but
for destructionE and that being such it was appro)ed in a synod which the ears of the
!hurch properly refused to listen to" " " "]
Z ,t" =erome, /ialogi contra Pelagianos, +++, 3"
] U$his passage may be found in the =ohannes Martianay edition of ,t" =eromeQs 5pera, published in
4i)e Volumes in Paris, by #udo)icus Roulland, 1693C1HB6" $he date of Vol" V is 1HB6, and in
column DDG occurs the passage under discussion, in its original #atin" $he student is referred to the
long !ompilerQs 9ote 9o" 6B, pp" 333C36, in Vol" V+++ of the !ollected %ritings, where there is a
discussion of this matter and of the authenticity of the letter itself"@!ompiler"V
Page 3D1
*nd, to suit the ears of the !hurch who Kproperly refused to listenL to the
original :ospel, ,t" =erome candidly tells usR
+ am now spea&ing of the 9ew $estament" $his was undoubtedly composed in
:ree&, with the exception of the wor& of Matthew the *postle, who was the first to
commit to writing the :ospel of the *nointed, and who published his wor& in =udea
in 'ebrew characters" %e must confess that as we ha)e it in our language it is mar&ed
by discrepancies, and now that the stream is distributed into different channels >et
di)ersos ri)ulorum tramites ducit? we must go bac& to the fountainhead" + pass o)er
those manuscripts which are associated with the names of #ucian and 'esychius, and
the authority of which is per)ersely maintained by a handful of disputatious persons" "
" " "Z
+n other words, the )enerable compiler of the #atin )ersion of the ,criptures@
the basis of the present Vulgate@in what is called by *lban (utler Khis famous
critical labours on the 'oly ,criptures,L distorted the original :ospel of Matthew
beyond recognition" *nd it is such sentences as now stand in the :ospel of Matthew,
and which ought to be properly called the K:ospel according to ,t" =erome,L that the
(ishop of (ombay and K5ne of the #aityL would ha)e anyone but the !hristians
regard and accept as words of *lmighty :od, that Kwill ne)er pass away"L Pro pudorY
%ords copied with all &ind of omissions and additions, out of notes, ta&en from
)arious oral renderings of the original text@Ka boo& they Uits possessorsV ne)er ga)e
to anyone to be transcribed,L as ,t" =erome himself tells us@still claiming a di)ine
originY +f the orthodox exponents of KhistoricoCphilosophical theologyL in 6urope
ha)e hitherto handled all these 1uestions which relate to the authenticity of the (ible
with a )ery timid hand, it has not in the least Upre)entedV others to examine them as
critically as they would 'omerQs +liad" *nd, ha)ing done so, they found embodied in
that heterogeneous literature the production of a hundred anonymous scribes" +ts )ery
:ree& plural name of ta (iblia, meaning Kthe (oo&s,L or a collection of small
pamphlets, shows it to be a regular hotchpotch of stories ha)ing a meaning but for the
Z U$his passage is from =eromeQs Preface to the translation of the 4our :ospels, in his Vulgate,
namely in the )ersion thereof made at Rome between the years 323 and 32G, the Preface being
addressed to Pope /amasus" !f" 9icene and PostC9icene 4athers, Vol" 6 of the ,econd ,eries"@
Page 3D3
6)ery child will )ery soon be taught that e)en the 6pistles ha)e been regarded
as sacred and authoritati)e a great deal earlier than the :ospelsE and that for two
centuries at least, the 9ew $estament was ne)er loo&ed upon by the !hristians as UsoV
sacred as the old one" *nd, as we can learn from ,t" =eromeQs writings Must 1uoted
abo)e, at the end of the fourth century >he died in D3B? there was no 9ew $estament
canon as we now ha)e it, since it was not e)en agreed upon which of the :ospels
should be included in it and regarded as sacred and which should be reMected" *s well
may we, $heosophists, claim >and perhaps with far better reasons? that some of the
words as occasionally found in our Mournal, K%+## 96V6R P*,, *%*<" L
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 1, 5ctober, 1223, p" 33V
U$he writer, a Parsi 4"$",", discusses the septenary di)ision of manQs
constitution, as contained in the ancient 7oroastrian ,criptures" '" P" (" appends to
his article the following footnoteRV
5ur (rother has but to loo& into the oldest sacred boo&s of !hina@namely the
<i 8ing, or (oo& of !hanges >translated by =ames #egge? written 13BB ("!", to find
that same ,eptenary di)ision of man mentioned in that system of /i)ination" 7ing,
which is translated correctly enough Kessence,L is the more subtle and pure part of
matter@the grosser form of the elementary etherE 8hien, or Kspirit,L is the breath,
still material but purer than the 7ing and is made of the finer and more acti)e form of
ether" +n the 'wIn, or soul >animus?, the 8hien predominates, and the 7ing in the Pho
or animal soul"
Page 3D3
*t death the 'wIn >or spiritual soul? wanders away, ascending, and the Pho >the
root of the $ibetan word PhoChat?, descends and is changed into a ghostly shade >the
shell?" /r" Medhurst thin&s that Kthe 8wei ,hinsL >,ee * /issertation on the
$heology of the !hinese, pp" 1BC11? are Kthe expanding and contracting principles of
human lifeLY $he 8wei ,hins are brought about by the dissolution of the human
frame, and consist of the expanding and ascending ,hin which rambles about in
space, and of the contracted and shri)elled 8wei, which re)erts to earth and
nonentity" $herefore, the 8wei is the physical bodyE the ,hin is the )ital principleE the
8weiC,hin the lingaC[arira, or the )ital soulE 7ing the fourth principle or 8amaCRupa,
the essence of willE Pho >the animal soul?E 8hien the spiritual soulE and 'wIn the
pure spirit@ the se)en principles of our occult doctrineY
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 1, 5ctober, 1223, pp" 33C3GV
U* correspondent who signed himself K* Perplexed $heosophistL wrote
describing some premonitory dreams and apparitions which had occurred in
connection with the death of a niece, and as&ing for an explanation" '" P" (" replied
as followsRV
$he strict adherence to our duty as an 5ccultist, while it satisfies a few of our
fellow students, materially detracts, in the opinion of our spiritualisticallyCinclined
friends, from the )alue of our editorial notes and explanations" $he latter find that our
theories will not bear comparison with those upon similar phenomena of the
,piritualists" $hey charge us with the double crime of being not only personally
unsatisfied with their explanations about spiritual communications, and with refusing
to infer the KspiritL presence from the many wonderful phenomena we ac&nowledge
as genuine, but also with leading our readers into heresy and error, regarding such"
Page 3DD
%e are not content, they reproachfully tell us, to humbly ac&nowledge facts, and
accept the testimony of the agents at wor& behind the phenomenal effects which
crowd the records of modern spiritualism, but in our pride we see& to penetrate into
unfathomable mysteries, to not only ascertain the nature of the relations between
cause and effect, or, in other words@between medium and phenomena@but e)en to
fathom mysteries that spirits themsel)es confess their inability to explain" $oo much
speculation on certain subMects leads the mind into a sea of error@thin& our 6uropean
and *merican spiritualistic friends@and it is sure to land us Kin regions of 4alsity"L +f
men would lea)e off speculating, and would simply stic& to fact, truth would be more
readily attained in each and e)ery case"
4or the sa&e of those of our friends who ha)e made of spiritualism a new
KRe)elation,L a Kglorious faith,L as they call it, we feel really sorry to be forced to
hurt their feelings by our Kblan& denial"L (ut truth stands higher in our opinion than
any earthly consideration e)er willE and, it is truth@at least we so regard it@that
compels us to answer those, who come to us for an explanation, according to the
teachings of occultism, instead of telling them, as ,piritualists would, that such
phenomena are all produced by disembodied mortals, or spirits" $o ascertain the laws
according to which psychoCphysiological manifestations ta&e place from a
spiritualistic standpoint is, no doubt, a gratifying &ind of &nowledgeE but we,
5ccultists, are not satisfied with only this" %e see& to learn primal, as well as
secondary, causesE to fathom the real, not apparent, nature of that power that performs
such strange, seemingly supernatural operationsE and, we thin&, we ha)e succeeded in
unra)elling some of its mysteries and in explaining much of the hitherto unexplained"
'ence our con)iction that the 4orce which the ,piritualists )iew as a thin&ing,
intelligent Principle, a power, that can ne)er be manifested outside the magnetic aura
of a sensiti)e, is oftener a blind energy than the conscious production of any beings
or spiritsE and, also, that this 4orce can be replaced by the conscious will of a li)ing
man, one of those initiates, as a few may yet be found in the 6ast" %e cannot be
content with the easygoing theory of returning spirits"
Page 3DG
%e ha)e seen too much of it" *nd, since we are thoroughly con)inced that nearly
e)erything in connection with this mysterious agent@the K*stral ,erpentL of bliphas
#S)i@had been disco)ered ages ago, howe)er little &nowledge of it we may claim
personally, yet we &now sufficiently, we thin&, to Mudge on the whole correctly of its
influence upon, and direct relations with, the corporeal machines called mediumsE as
also of its intercorrelations with the aura of e)ery person present in the sSanceCroom"
Moreo)er, we maintain that it loo&s far more reasonable to follow the uniform
teaching upon this subMect of one school, than to be hopelessly groping for truth in the
dar&, with our intellects literally rent asunder by the thousand and one conflicting
KteachingsL of the supposed deni.ens of the K,piritC%orld"L
'ad our correspondent as&ed@for an explanation of the weird phenomena that
ha)e Must occurred in his family@one possessed practically of that &nowledge, he
would, no doubt, ha)e recei)ed perfectly correct information as to what really too&
place, and how the phenomena ha)e come to pass >that is to say, if the adept had
found UitV worth his while to undergo a mentally painful process, and safe to di)ulge
the whole truth to the public?" %hile now, he has to be content with a few
generalities" %e can tell him for a certainty what it was not, but we cannot underta&e
to say what it really was, since similar effects may be produced by a hundred )arious
%e will not touch upon the 1uestion of foreboding dreams, since the existence
of such is pro)ed to all but incurable sceptics, and is easily accounted for by e)eryone
who belie)es and &nows that inside his body of flesh, the gross en)elope, there is the
real, generally in)isible, body of ethereal elements, the 6go, that watches and ne)er
sleeps" $he facts as described seem certainly as though they belonged to that class of
phenomena which are regarded as Kspiritual,L and which occur, under ordinary
circumstances, only where there are one or more mediums in the family"
Page 3D6
$he regular and periodic tranceCfits, which our correspondentQs relati)e had suddenly
become subMect to for se)eral consecuti)e nights, would point to that lady as being
the cause, the principal generator of the phenomena" (ut, since we &now nothing of
her pre)ious state of health, and lac& further details that might gi)e an additional clue
to the mystery, our explanation must be regarded as a simple suggestion" $hough the
5ccultists reMect, on the whole, the theory of disembodied 6gos manifesting after
death, yet they admit of certain possibilities of a real spiritQs presence, either
preceding or directly following physical death, especially when the latter was sudden
as in the case of the writerQs niece" %e are taught by those in whom we ha)e full
confidence, that, in such rapid cases of dissolution, the body may be 1uite dead, and
buried, and yet the brain@though its functions are stopped@may preser)e a latent
spar& of will or desire, connected with some predominating feeling in life which will
ha)e the effect of throwing into obMecti)ity, of thrusting, so to say, into a certain
magnetic current of attraction the astral 6go, or doppelg_nger, of the dead body"
%hene)er, we are told, death is brought on by suffocation, apoplexy, concussion of
the brain, haemorrhage, or some such change, Kthe tripod of lifeL@as the :ree&s
called it@the heart, the lungs and the brain, the fundamental basis upon which animal
life is erected@is simultaneously affected in its three partsE the lungs and heart, the
organs the most intimately associated in the circulation of the blood, becoming
inacti)e, and the blood not being sufficiently aarated on account of this inacti)ity, the
latter often becomes the cause of putting a sudden stop to the functions of the brain,
and so terminates life"
$herefore, before pronouncing upon the )alue of an apparition, an 5ccultist has
always to ascertain whether complete death was brought on by, or primarily due to
the death of the lungs, the heart, or the brain" (ut of all these the latter@on account
of its double functions@the spiritual and the physical@is the most tenacious"
Page 3DH
*s cessation of breathing and of the pulse, stoppage of the heart, coldness and
paleness of the surface, a film on the eye, and the rigidity of the Moints are no sure
indications of real physical deathE and, as the facies 'ippocratica has decei)ed more
than one experienced practitionerE so, e)en complete physical death is no indication
that the innermost spiritual life of the brain is e1ually dead" $he acti)ity of the mind
remains to the lastE and the final physical function of the brain in connection with
some feeling, or passion may impart, for all our physiologists can say to the contrary,
a &ind of postCmortem energy to the bewildered astral 6go, and thus cause it to
continue its dynamic, seemingly conscious action e)en for a few days after death"
$he impulse imparted by the still li)ing brain dies out long after that brain has ceased
its functions fore)er" /uring life the astral 6go is dependent on, and 1uite subser)ient
to, the will of the physical brain" +t acts automatically, and according to how the wires
are being pulled by either our trained or untrained thought" (ut after death@which is
the birth of the spiritual entity into the world or condition of effects, the latter ha)ing
now become for it a world of causes@the astral entity must be gi)en time to e)olute
and mature a shadowy brain of its own before it can begin to act independently"
%hate)er its subse1uent fate, and whate)er happens in the meanwhile, no action of it
can be regarded as a result of a conscious, intelligent will, no more than we would
hold any gestures of a newlyCborn infant for actions resulting from a determined and
conscious desire"
$hus, since the deceased young lady lost all consciousness some time before
death, and that, being so young and so belo)ed in her family, she could hardly, when
dying, ha)e her thoughts occupied by anything but those around her@thoughts
in)oluntary, and perhaps unconnected, as those of a dream, but still in a direct
se1uence to her habitual thoughts and feelings@e)ery faculty of hers, paraly.ed so
suddenly, and se)ered, during its full )igour and acti)ity, from its natural medium@
the body, must ha)e left its astral impress in e)ery noo& and corner of the house
where she had li)ed so long and where she died"
Page 3D2
'ence, it may ha)e been but the KastralL echo of her )oice, directed by her last
thought and drawn magnetically to her uncle, the writer, that sounded in his Kright
ear, as though some one was whisperingL or trying to spea& to himE and the same
astral echo of Kher natural )oiceL that told his mother Kto turn round"L 'er appearance
to her grandfather Kin her usual dressL shows us that it was her astral reflection on the
atmospheric wa)es that he sawE otherwise he would ha)e hardly seen a real Must
disembodied spirit in such an attire" $he presence of the Kusual dressL forming part of
an apparition@were the latter a )oluntary, conscious act of the liberated 6go@would
ha)e naturally necessitated a pre)ious conception in the plans of the latter, the
creation, so to say, of that garment by the spirit@unless we ha)e also to belie)e in
conscious ghosts and independent apparitions of wearing apparel@before it could
appear along with its owner" *nd this would be a predetermined act of )olition
difficult to suppose in a still da.ed human KsoulL Must escaped from its prison" 6)en
many of the more ad)anced ,piritualists admit today that, whate)er its subse1uent
career, the freed spirit can ne)er reali.e the great change, at least for se)eral
terrestrial days" 9otwithstanding the abo)e, we &now well that we shall be not only
laughed to scorn by scientific men as by all the unscientific sceptics, but also gi)e
again offence to ,piritualists" $hey would ha)e us sayR K+t was the spirit of your
departed niece, her )oice, and real presence, etc"LE and then rest on our laurels
without any further attempt at anything li&e a proof or an explanation" +f the present
one is found insufficient, let the ,piritualists and sceptics offer a better one and let
impartial Mudges decide" Meanwhile, we would as& the former@if it was all produced
by the conscious spirit of the deceased, why ha)e all such manifestations stopped, as
soon as the family had left the station and come to *llahabadP +s it that the spirit
determined to come no more, or that the mediums in the family had suddenly lost
their power, or is it simply because, as the writer puts it, Kthe effects then wore off,
and nothing has happened sincePL
Page 3D9
%ith regard to sceptics our answer is still more easy" +t is no longer a 1uestion
with any sane man whether such things do and do not happenE but only what is the
real cause that underlies such abnormal effects" 'ere is a case, which no sceptic@
unless he denies the occurrence of the whole story a priori@will be e)er able to
explain otherwise but on one of the two theories@that of the 5ccultists and
,piritualists" * case in which a whole family of respectable persons of )arious ages
testifies as eyewitnesses" $his can no longer be attributed to a case of isolated
hallucination" *nd in the presence of the fre1uent occurrence of such cases, e)ery
sober man ought to protest against the irrational proceedings of those who condemn
without seeing, deny without hearing, and abuse those who ha)e both seen and heard,
for putting faith in their own eyes and ears" %e ha)e thousands upon thousands of
testimonies coming from intelligent, )alid persons, that such things do occur and@
)ery fre1uently" +f the senses of those persons are not to be trusted, then what else can
be trustedP %hat better test of truth ha)e weP 'ow can we be sure of anything we
hear, or e)en oursel)es seeP 'ow are the most ordinary affairs of life to be conducted
and relied uponP *s a remar&ed to a scepticR K+f the rule, which the
obMectors to mesmeric phenomena persist in applying to them, were to be enforced
uni)ersally, all the business of life must come to a stand"L +ndeed no man could put
faith in any assertion of any other manE the administration of Mustice itself must fail,
because e)idence would become impossible, and the whole world would go upside
down" $herefore, and since science will ha)e nothing to do with such abnormal
phenomena, the great battle in conse1uence of the dispute as to the causes underlying
them, between natural and unnatural theories, must be fought out between the
5ccultists and the ,piritualists alone" #et each of us show our facts and gi)e our
explanationsE and let those@who are neither 5ccultists, ,piritualists, nor sceptics@
decide between the contestant parties" +t is not enough that all should &now that such
things do happen" $he world must learn at last@under the penalty of falling bac& to
superstitious beliefs in the archenemy of man@the biblical de)il@why such
phenomena do so happen, and to what cause or causes they are to be attributed"
Page 3GB
%e call for en1uiry, not for blind credence" *nd@until en1uiry has established
scientifically, and beyond any doubt that the producing cause at wor& behind the )eil
of obMecti)e matter is what the ,piritualists proclaim it to be, namely, disembodied,
human spirits, we beg to assert the right of the $heosophists, whether they be
5ccultists, sceptics, or neither, but simply searchers after truth@to maintain their
attitude of neutrality and e)en of modest scepticism, without ris&ing for it to find
themsel)es crucified by both parties"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, pp" 32C3BV
$he following letter states an embarrassment which may )ery li&ely ha)e
occurred to other readers of the passages 1uoted, besides our correspondent"
5!!;#$ 4R*:M69$, *9/ $'6 (558 54 8'+;C$+
$o the 6ditor of $he $heosophist"
+n the article on K/eathL by the late bliphas #S)i, printed in the 5ctober number
of $he $heosophist, Vol" +++,Z the writer says that Kto be immortal in good, one must
identify oneself with :odE to be immortal in e)il, with ,atan" $hese are the two poles
of the world of soulsE between these two poles )egetate and die without remembrance
the useless portion of man&ind"L +n your explanatory note on this passage you 1uote
the boo& of 8hiuCti, which says that Kto force oneself upon the current of immortality,
or rather to secure for oneself an endless series of rebirths as conscious
indi)idualities, one must become a coCwor&er with nature, either for good or for bad,
in her wor& of creation and reproduction, or in that of destruction" +t is but the useless
drones, which she gets rid of, )iolently eMecting and ma&ing them perish by the
millions as selfCconscious entities"
Z U5ctober, 1221, pp" 13C1D ,ee Vol" +++, pp" 393 ff" in the present ,eries"V
Page 3G1
$hus, while the good and the pure stri)e to reach 9ir)ana " " " the wic&ed will see&,
on the contrary, series of li)es as conscious, definite existences or beings, preferring
to be e)er suffering under the law of retributi)e Mustice rather than gi)e up their li)es
as portions of the integral uni)ersal whole" (eing well aware that they can ne)er hope
to reach the final rest in pure spirit, or 9ir)ana, they cling to life in any form, rather
than gi)e up that Xdesire for life,Q or $anha which causes a new aggregation of
,&andhas or indi)iduality to be reborn" " " " $here are thoroughly wic&ed or depra)ed
men, yet as highly intellectual and acutely spiritual for e)il, as those who are spiritual
for good" $he 6gos of these may escape the law of final destruction or annihilation
for ages to come" " " " 'eat and cold are the two Xpoles,Q i"e", good and e)il, spirit and
matter" 9ature spews the Xlu&ewarmQ or Xuseless portion of man&indQ out of her
mouth, i"e", annihilates them"L +n the )ery same number in which these lines occur we
ha)e the K4ragments of 5ccult $ruth,L and we learn thence that there are se)en
entities or principles constituting a human being" %hen death occurs, the first three
principles >i"e", the body, the )ital energy, and astral body? are dissipatedE and with
regard to the remaining four principles Kone of two things occurs"L +f the ,piritual
6go >sixth principle? has been in life material in its tendencies, then at death it
continues to cling blindly to the lower elements of its late combination, and the true
spirit se)ers itself from these and passes away elsewhere, when the ,piritual 6go is
also dissipated and ceases to exist" ;nder such circumstances only two entities >the
fourth and fifth, i e", 8ama Rupa and Physical 6go? are left, and the shells ta&e long
periods to disintegrate"
5n the other hand, if the tendencies of the ego ha)e been towards things
spiritual, it will cling to the spirit, and with this pass into the adMoining %orld of
6ffects, and there e)ol)e out of itself by the spiritQs aid a new ego, to be reborn >after
a brief period of freedom and enMoyment? in the next higher obMecti)e world of
$he K4ragmentsL teach that, apart from the cases of the higher adepts, there are
two conditionsR 4irst, that in which the ,pirit is obliged to se)er its connectionE and,
secondly, that in which the ,pirit is able to continue its connection with the fourth,
fifth and sixth principles" +n either case the fourth and fifth principles are dissipated
after a longer or a shorter period, and, in the case of the spiritualCminded, the
,piritual 6go undergoes a series of ascending births, while in the case of the depra)ed
no ,piritual 6go remains and there is simply disintegration of the fourth and fifth
principles after immense periods of time" $he K4ragmentsL do not seem to admit of a
third or intermediary case which could explain the condition of bliphas #S)iQs
Kuseless portionL of man&ind after death" +t appears to me also that there could be
only two casesR >1? either the spirit continues its connection, or >3? it se)ers its
Page 3G3
%hat, then, is meant by the Kuseless portion of man&indL who, you suggest, are
annihilated by the millionsP *re they a combination of less than se)en principlesP
$hat cannot be, for e)en the )ery wic&ed and depra)ed ha)e them all" %hat, then,
becomes of the fourth, fifth, sixth and se)enth principles in the case of the soCcalled
Kuseless portion of man&indLP
$he K4ragmentsL again tell us that, in the case of the wic&ed, the fourth and fifth
principles are simply disintegrated after long ages, while in your abo)e 1uoted note
you say that the Kwic&ed will see& a series of li)es as conscious, definite existences
or beings,L and again in the note to the word K'ellL you write that it is Ka world of
nearly absolute matter and one preceding the last one in the Xcircle of necessityQ from
which Xthere is no redemption, for there reigns absolute spiritual dar&nessQ"L $hese
two notes seem to suggest that, in the case of the depra)ed, the fourth and fifth
principles are born again in inferior worlds and ha)e a series of conscious existences"
$he K4ragmentsL are admittedly the production of the K(rothers,L and what +
could gather from them after a careful perusal seems apparently not to accord with
your notes 1uoted abo)e" 6)idently there is a gap somewhere, and, as the Kuseless
portion of man&indL ha)e been so far noticed, a more exhausti)e explanation of them
after the method of the se)en principles is needed to ma&e your otherwise learned
note accord with the K4ragments"L + might mention again that at e)ery step the words
KmatterL and KspiritL confound the maMority of your readers, and it is highly important
and necessary that these two words be satisfactorily explained so that the a)erage
reader might understand wherein lies the difference between the twoE what is meant
by matter emanating from spirit, and whether spirit does not become limited to that
extent by the emanation of matter therefrom"
<ours faithfully and fraternally,
9" /" 8@@, 4"$","Z
ZZZ $he apparent discrepancy between the two statements, that our
correspondent 1uotes, does not in)ol)e any real contradiction at all, nor is there a
KgapL in the explanation" $he confusion arises from the unfamiliarity of ordinary
thin&ers, unused to 5ccult ideas, with the distinction between the personal and
indi)idual entities in Man"
Z U$hese initials stand for 9a)roMi /orabMi 8handala)ala, Pres" of the Poona $heosophical ,ociety"
+t would appear from $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, pp" 129C9B, that Master 8" '"
contributed some of the material which is contained in the reply to 8handala)alaQs letter"@
Page 3G3
Reference has been made to this distinction in modern 5ccult writing )ery
fre1uently, and in +sis itself where the explanations of a hundred mysteries lie but
halfCburied@they were altogether buried in earlier wor&s on 5ccult philosophy@
only waiting for the application of intelligence guided by a little 5ccult &nowledge to
come out into the light of day" %hen +sis was written, it was concei)ed by those from
whom the impulse, which directed its preparation, came, that the time was not ripe
for the explicit declaration of a great many truths which they are now willing to
impart in plain language" ,o the readers of that boo& were supplied rather with hints,
s&etches, and adumbrations of the philosophy to which it related, than with
methodical expositions" $hus in reference to the present idea, the difference between
personal and indi)idual identity is suggested, if not fully set forth at page 31G, Vol" +"
$here it is stated as the )iew of certain philosophers, with whom, it is easy to see, the
writer concursR KMan and ,oul had to con1uer their immortality by ascending
towards the ;nity with which, if successful, they were finally lin&ed" " " " $he
indi)idualisation of man after death depended on the spirit, not on his soul and body"
*lthough the word Xpersonality,Q in the sense in which it is usually understood, is an
absurdity, if applied literally to our immortal essence, still the latter is a distinct
entity, immortal and eternal per se"L *nd a little later onR K* person may ha)e won his
immortal life, and remain the same innerCself he was on earth, throughout eternityE
but this does not imply necessarily that he must either remain the Mr" ,mith or Mr"
(rown he was on earth" " " "L Up" 316"V
* full consideration of these ideas will sol)e the embarrassment in which our
correspondent is placed" bliphas #S)i is tal&ing about personalities@the K4ragmentsL
about indi)idualities" 9ow, as regards the personalities, the Kuseless portion of
man&indL to which bliphas #S)i refers, is the great bul& thereof" $he permanent
preser)ation of a personal identity beyond death is a )ery rare achie)ement,
accomplished only by those who wrest her secrets from 9ature, and control their own
superCmaterial de)elopment" +n his fa)ourite symbolical way bliphas #S)i indicates
the people who contri)e to do this as those who are immortal in good by
identification with :od, or immortal in e)il by identification with ,atan"
Page 3GD
$hat is to say, the preser)ation of personal identity beyond death >or rather, let
us say, far beyond death, reser)ing for the moment an explanation of the distinction?
is accomplished only by adepts and sorcerers@the one class ha)ing ac1uired the
supreme secret &nowledge by holy methods, and with bene)olent moti)esE the other
ha)ing ac1uired it by unholy methods, and for base moti)es" (ut that which
constitutes the inner self, the purer portions of the earthly personal soul united with
the spiritual principles and constituting the essential indi)iduality, is ensured a
perpetuation of life in new births, whether the person, whose earthly surroundings are
its present habitat, becomes endued with the higher &nowledge, or remains a plain
ordinary man all his life"
$his doctrine cannot be treated as one which falls in at once with the )iew of
things entertained by people whose conceptions of immortality ha)e been corrupted
by the ignoble teaching of modern churches" 4ew exoteric religions as& their de)otees
to lift their imaginations abo)e the conception that life beyond the gra)e is a sort of
prolongation of life on this side of it" $hey are encouraged to belie)e that through
Keternity,L if they are good in this life, they will li)e on in some luxurious 'ea)en
Must as they would be li)ing if transported to some distant country, miraculously
protected there from disease and decay, and continuing for e)er the KMr" ,mithL or
KMr" (rownL they may ha)e been pre)ious to emigration" $he conception is Must as
absurd, when closely thought out, as the conception that for the merits or the sins of
this brief life@but a moment in the course of eternity@they will be able to secure
infinite bliss, or incur the utmost horrors of perpetual punishment" 6nds and means,
causes and effects, must be &ept in due proportion to one another in the worlds of
spirit as in the worlds of flesh" +t is nonsense for a man who has not first rendered his
personality something altogether abnormal to concei)e that it can be rationally
thought of as sur)i)ing fore)er"
Page 3GG
+t would be folly to wish e)en that it could be so perpetuated, for, how could
human beings of ignoble, miserable life, whose personality is merely a congeries of
wretched and sordid memories, be happy in finding their misery stereotyped for all
coming time, and in perpetual contrast with the superior personalities of other such
stereotypes" $he memory of e)ery personal life, indeed, is imperishably preser)ed in
the mysterious records of each existence, and the immortal indi)idual spiritual entity
will one day@but in a future so remote that it is hardly worth thin&ing about much at
present@be able to loo& bac& upon it, as upon one of the pages in the )ast boo& of
li)es which he will by that time ha)e compiled" (ut let us come bac& from these )ery
transcendental reflections to the destinies more immediately impending o)er the great
maMority of us whom bliphas #S)i so unci)illy spea&s of as Kthe useless portion of
man&indL@useless only, be it remembered, as regards our special present congeries
of earthly circumstance@not as regards the inner self which is destined to acti)e
enMoyment of life and experience )ery often in the future among better circumstances,
both on this earth and in superior planets"
9ow, most people will be but too apt to feel that unsatisfactory as the
circumstances may be, which constitute their present personalities, these are after all
themsel)es@ Ka poor thing, ,ir, but mine ownL@and that the inner spiritual monads,
of which they are but )ery dimly conscious, by the time they are united with entirely
different sets of circumstances in new births, will be other people altogether in whose
fate they cannot ta&e any interest" +n truth when the time comes they will find the fate
of those people profoundly interesting, as much so as they find their own fates now"
(ut passing o)er this branch of the subMect, there is still some consolation for wea&
brethren who find the notion of 1uitting their present personality at the end of their
present li)es too gloomy to be borne" bliphas #S)iQs exposition of the doctrines is a
)ery brief one@as regards the passage 1uoted@and it passes o)er a great deal which,
from the point of )iew we are now engaged with, is of )ery great importance" +n
tal&ing about immortality the great 5ccultist is thin&ing of the )ast stretches of time
o)er which the personality of the adept and the sorcerer may be made to extend"
Page 3G6
%hen he spea&s of annihilation after this life, he ignores a certain inter)al,
which may perhaps be not worth considering in reference to the enormous whole of
existence, but which none the less is )ery well worth the attention of people who
cling to the little fragment of their life experience which embodies the personality of
which we ha)e been tal&ing"
+t has been explained, in more than one paper published in this maga.ine during
the last few months, that the passage of the spiritual monad into a rebirth does not
immediately follow its release from the fleshly body last inhabited here" +n the 8amaC
lo&a, or atmosphere of this earth, the separation of the two groups of ethereal
principles ta&es place, and in the )ast maMority of cases in which the late personality
@the fifth principle@yields up something which is susceptible of perpetuation and
of union with the sixth, the spiritual monad, thus retaining consciousness of its late
personality for the time being, passes into the state described as /e)achan, where it
leads, for )ery long periods indeed as compared with those of life on this earth, an
existence of the most unalloyed satisfaction and conscious enMoyment" 5f course this
state is not one of acti)ity nor of exciting contrasts between pain and pleasure, pursuit
and achie)ement, li&e the state of physical life, but it is one in which the personality
of which we are spea&ing is perpetuated, as far as that is compatible with the
nonperpetuation of that which has been painful in its experience" +t is from this state
that the spiritual monad is reborn into the next acti)e life, and from the date of that
rebirth the old personality is done with" (ut for any imagination, which finds the
conception of rebirth and new personality uncomfortable, the doctrine of /e)achan@
and these Kdoctrines,L be it remembered, are statements of scientific fact which
*depts ha)e ascertained to be as real as the stars though as far out of reach for most
of us@the doctrine of /e)achan, we say, will furnish people who cannot gi)e up
their earthClife memories all at once@with a soft place to fall upon"
Page 3GH
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, pp" 31C33V
$he writer in the #ondon ,piritualist for 9o)ember, who calls the K4ragments of
5ccult $ruthL speculationCspinning, can hardly, + thin&, apply that epithet to
4ragment 9o" 3, so cautiously is the hypothesis concerning suicide ad)anced
therein"Z Viewed in its general aspect, the hypothesis seems sound enough, satisfies
our instincts of the Moral #aw of the ;ni)erse, and fits in with our ordinary ideas as
well as with those we ha)e deri)ed from science" $he inference drawn from the two
cases cited, )i.", that of the selfish suicide on the one hand, and of the unselfish
suicide on the other, is that, although the afterstates may )ary, the result is in)ariably
bad, the )ariation consisting only in the degree of punishment" +t appears to me that,
in arri)ing at this conclusion, the writer could not ha)e had in his mindQs eye all the
possible cases of suicide, which do or may occur" 4or + maintain that in some cases
selfCsacrifice is not only Mustifiable, but also morally desirable, and that the result of
such selfCsacrifice cannot possibly be bad" + will put one case, perhaps the rarest of all
rare cases, but not necessarily on that account a purely hypothetical one, for + 895%
at least one man, in whom + am interested, who is actuated with feelings, not
dissimilar to these + shall now describe, and who would be deeply than&ful for any
additional light that could be thrown on this dar&ly mysterious subMect >1?"
,uppose, then, that an indi)idual, whom + shall call M", ta&es to thin&ing long
and deep on the )exed 1uestions of the mysteries of earthly existence, its aims, and
the highest duties of man" $o assist his thoughts, he turns to philosophical wor&sR
notably those dealing with the sublime teachings of (uddha" ;ltimately he arri)es at
the conclusion that the 4+R,$ and 59#< aim of existence is to be useful to our
fellow menE that failure in this constitutes his own worthlessness as a sentient human
being, and that by continuing a life of worthlessness he simply dissipates the energy
which he holds in trust, and which, so holding, he has no right to fritter away"
Z U,ee $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, p" 3G2, for comments on this"@!ompiler"V
Page 3G2
'e tries to be useful, but@miserably and deplorably fails" %hat, then, is his
remedyP Remember there is here Kno sea of troublesL to Kta&e arms against,L no
outraged human law to dread, no deser)ed earthly punishment to escapeE in fact, there
is no moral cowardice whate)er in)ol)ed in the selfCsacrifice" M" simply puts an end
to an existence which is useless, and which therefore fails of its own primary
purpose" +s his act not MustifiableP 5r must he also be the )ictim of that
transformation into spoo& and pi[acha, against which 4ragment 9o" 3 utters its dread
warningP >3?
Perhaps, M" may secure at the next birth more fa)ourable conditions, and thus
be better able to wor& out the purpose of (eing" %ell, he can scarcely be worseE for,
in addition to his being inspired by a laudable moti)e to ma&e way for one who might
be more ser)iceable, he has not, in this particular case, been guilty of any moral
turpitude >3?"
(ut + ha)e not done" + go a step further and say that M" is not only useless, but
positi)ely mischie)ous" $o his incapacity to do good, he finds that he adds a
somewhat restless disposition which is perpetually urging him on to ma&e an effort to
do good" M" ma&es the effort@he would be utterly unworthy the name of man if he
did not ma&e it@and disco)ers that his incapacity most generally leads him into
errors which con)ert the possible good into actual e)ilE that, on account of his nature,
birth, and education, a )ery large number of men become in)ol)ed in the effects of
his mista&en .eal, and that the world at large suffers more from his existence than
otherwise" 9ow, if, after arri)ing at such results, M" see&s to carry out their logical
conclusions, )i.", that being morally bound to diminish the woes to which sentient
beings on earth are subMect, he should destroy himself, and by that means do the only
good he is capable ofE is there, + as&, any moral guilt in)ol)ed in the act of
anticipating death in such a caseP +, for one, should certainly say not" 9ay, more, +
maintain, subMect of course to correction by superior &nowledge, that M" is not only
Mustified in ma&ing away with himself, but that he would be a )illain if he did not, at
once and unhesitatingly, put an end to a life, not only useless, but positi)ely
pernicious >D?"
M" may be in errorE but supposing he dies cherishing the happy delusion that in
death is all the good, in life all the e)il he is capable of, are there in his case no
extenuating circumstances to plead strongly in his fa)our, and help to a)ert a fall into
that horrible abyss with which your readers ha)e been frightenedP >G? " " "
*9 +9A;+R6R
>1? K+n1uirerL is not an 5ccultist, hence his assertion that in some cases suicide
Kis not only Mustifiable, but also morally desirable"L 9o more than murder, is it e)er
Mustifiable, howe)er desirable it may sometimes appear"
Page 3G9
$he 5ccultist, who loo&s at the origin and the ultimate end of things, teaches
that the indi)idual, who affirms that any man, under whatsoe)er circumstances, is
called to put an end to his life, is guilty of as great an offence and of as pernicious a
piece of sophistry, as the nation that assumes a right to &ill in war thousands of
innocent people under the pretext of a)enging the wrong done to one" *ll such
reasonings are the fruits of *)idya mista&en for philosophy and wisdom" 5ur friend is
certainly wrong in thin&ing that the writer of K4ragmentsL arri)ed at his conclusions
only because he failed to &eep before his mindQs eye all the possible cases of suicides"
$he result, in one sense, is certainly in)ariableE and there is but one general law or
rule for all suicides" (ut, it is Must because Kthe afterstatesL )ary ad infinitum, that it is
erroneous to infer that this )ariation consists only in the degree of punishment" +f the
result will be in e)ery case the necessity of li)ing out the appointed period of sentient
existence, we do not see whence K+n1uirerL has deri)ed his notion that Kthe result is
in)ariably bad"L $he result is full of dangersE but there is hope for certain suicides,
and e)en in many cases * R6%*R/, if life was sacrificed to sa)e other li)es and that
there was no other alternati)e for it" #et him read paragraph H, page 313, in the
,eptember $heosophist, and reflect 5f course, the 1uestion is simply generali.ed by
the writer" $o treat exhausti)ely of all and e)ery case of suicide and their afterstates
would re1uire a shelf of )olumes from the (ritish MuseumQs #ibrary, not our
>3? 9o man, we repeat, has a right to put an end to his existence simply because
it is useless" *s well argue the necessity of inciting to suicide all the incurable
in)alids and cripples who are a constant source of misery to their familiesE and preach
the moral beauty of that law among some of the sa)age tribes of the ,outh ,ea
+slanders, in obedience to which they put to death, with warli&e honours, their old
men and women" $he instance chosen by K+n1uirerL is not a happy one"
Page 36B
$here is a )ast difference between the man who parts with his life in sheer
disgust at constant failure to do good, out of despair of e)er being useful, or e)en out
of dread to do inMury to his fellow men by remaining ali)eE and one who gi)es it up
)oluntarily to sa)e the li)es either committed to his charge or dear to him" 5ne is a
halfCinsane misanthrope@the other, a hero and a martyr" 5ne ta&es away his life, the
other offers it in sacrifice to philanthropy and to his duty" $he captain who remains
alone on board of a sin&ing shipE the man who gi)es up his place in a boat that will
not hold all, in fa)our of younger and wea&er beingsE the physician, the sister of
charity and nurse who stir not from the bedside of patients dying of an infectious
fe)erE the man of science who wastes his life in brain wor& and fatigue and &nows he
is so wasting it and yet is offering it day after day and night after night in order to
disco)er some great law of the uni)erse, the disco)ery of which may bring in its
results some great boon to man&indE the mother who throws herself before the wild
beast that attac&s her children to screen and gi)e them the time to fleeE all these are
not suicides" $he impulse which prompts them thus to contra)ene the first great law
of animated nature@the first instincti)e impulse of which is to preser)e life@is
grand and noble" *nd, though all these will ha)e to li)e in the 8amaC#o&a their
appointed life term, they are yet admired by all, and their memory will li)e honoured
among the li)ing for a still longer period" %e all wish that, upon similar occasions,
we may ha)e courage so to die" 9ot so, surely in the case of the man instanced by
K+n1uirer"L 9otwithstanding his assertion that Kthere is no moral cowardice whate)er
in)ol)edL in such selfCsacrifice@we call it Kmoral cowardiceL and refuse it the name
of sacrifice"
>3 and D? $here is far more courage to li)e than to die in most cases" +f KM"L
feels that he is Kpositi)ely mischie)ous,L let him retire to a Mungle, a desert islandE or,
what is still better, to a ca)e or hut near some big cityE and then, while li)ing the life
of a hermit, a life which would preclude the )ery possibility of doing mischief to
anyone, wor&, in one way or the other, for the poor, the star)ing, the afflicted"
Page 361
+f he does that, no one can Kbecome in)ol)ed in the effects of his mista&en .eal,L
whereas, if he has the slightest talent, he can benefit many by simple manual labour
carried on in as complete a solitude and Xsilence as can be commanded under the
circumstances" *nything is better@e)en being called a cra.y philanthropist@than
committing suicide, the most dastardly and cowardly of all actions, unless the felo de
se is resorted to in a fit of insanity"
>G? K+n1uirerL as&s whether his KM"L must also be )ictim of that transformation
into spoo& and pi[achaY =udging by the delineation gi)en of his character by his
friend, we should say that, of all suicides, he is the most li&ely to become a sSanceC
room spoo&" :uiltless Kof any moral turpitude,L he may well be" (ut, since he is
afflicted with a Krestless disposition which is perpetually urging him on to ma&e an
effort to do goodL@here, on earth, there is no reason we &now of, why he should lose
that unfortunate disposition >unfortunate because of the constant failure?@in the
8amaC#o&a" * Kmista&en .ealL is sure to lead him on toward )arious mediums"
*ttracted by the strong magnetic desire of sensiti)es and spiritualists, KM"L will
probably feel Kmorally bound to diminish the woes to which these sentient beings
>mediums and belie)ers? are subMect on earth,L and shall once more destroy not only
himself, but his Kaffinities,L the mediums"
Page 363
455$95$6, $5 K:#6*9+9:, 4R5M b#+P'*, #bV+LZ
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, pp" 36C32V
(rilliant and epigrammatic a writer, and profound an 5ccultist, as was the *bbS
!onstant >better &nown by his nomCdeCplume of bliphas #S)i?, the great bul& of his
writings would, we fear, do little either to interest or instruct our readers" ,till there
are passages in his writings so pregnant with a higher meaning that it seems to us that
it might be well to reproduce, from time to time, in $he $heosophist, translations of
some of these" $o +ndian readers at any rate, they will open an entirely new )ista"
,ee PlatoQs !ritias, on the 'istory of *tlantis, as gi)en by the priests of ,ais to
his great ancestor ,olon, the *thenian lawgi)er"
*tlantis, the submerged continent, and the land of the K8nowledge of :ood and
6)ilL >especially the latter? par excellence, and inhabited by the fourth race of men
>we are the fifth? who are credited in the PopolCVuh >the boo& of the :uatemalans?
with sight unlimited and Kwho &new all things at once"L bliphas #S)i refers to the
secret tradition, among 5ccultists, about the great struggle that too& place, in those
far away prehistoric days of *tlantis, between the K,ons of :odL@the initiated
*depts of ,ambhala >once a fair island in the inland ,ea of the $ibetan plateau, now
as fair a land, an oasis surrounded by barren deserts and salt la&es?@and the
*tlanteans, the wic&ed magicians of $he)etat" >,ee +sis ;n)eiled, Vol" +, pp" G29C9D?"
Z U+n $he Mahatma #etters to *" P" ,innett, p" 1G6, it is said that the translation of certain excerpts
from bliphas #S)iQs /ogme et Rituel de la 'aute Magie, to which these footnotes were appended,
was made by *" 5" 'ume"@!ompiler"V
Page 363
+t is a wellCestablished belief among the 6astern, and especially the Mongolian and
$ibetan, 5ccultists that toward the end of e)ery race, when man&ind reaches its apex
of &nowledge in that cycle, di)iding into two distinct classes, it branches off@one as
the K,ons of #ightL and the other as the K,ons of /ar&ness,L or initiated *depts and
naturalCborn magicians or@mediums" $oward the )ery close of the race, as their
mixed progeny furnishes the first pioneers of a new and a higher race, there comes
the last and supreme struggle during which the K,ons of /ar&nessL are usually
exterminated by some great cataclysm of nature@by either fire or water" *tlantis was
submerged, hence the inference that that portion of the man&ind of the fifth race
which will be composed of KnaturalCborn magiciansL will be exterminated at the
future great cataclysm by@fire"
%hat was in reality that much maligned and still more dreaded goat Uthe
'ermaphrodite goat of MendesV, that (aphomet regarded e)en now by the Roman
!atholics as ,atan, the :rand Master of the K%itches ,abbath,L the central figure of
their nocturnal orgiesP %hy, simply Pan or 9ature"
(y Kthe dogma of elementary forcesL bliphas #S)i means KspiritL and Kmatter,L
allegori.ed by 7oroaster, for the common herd, into 5rma.d and *hriman, the
prototype of the !hristian K:odL and K/e)ilLE and epitomi.ed and summed up by the
philosophy of 5ccult ,cience in the K'uman $riadL >(ody, ,oul, ,pirit@the two
poles and the Kmiddle natureL of man?, the perfect microcosm of the 596 ;ni)ersal
Macrocosm or ;ni)erse"
Page 36D
+n the 8hordahC*)esta the 7oroastrian dualism is contradictedR K%ho art thou,
5 fair beingPL in1uires the disembodied soul of one who stands at the gates of its
Paradise" K+ am, 5 ,oul, thy good and pure actions " " " thy law, thy angel, and thy
UK$he *.ot of the sages"LV $he ,e)enth ,tate of matter@#ife" $he 4ire and
#ight of the K*stral VirginL may be studied by the 'indus in the 4ire and #ight of
" " " Kto a)oid seeing what :od isL@i"e", seeing that :od is but man and )ice
)ersa@when he is not the KliningL of :od@the /e)il" %e &now of many who prefer
)oluntary and lifelong blindness to plain, sober truth and fact"
!upid, the god, is the se)enth principle or the (rahm of the Vedantin, and
Psyche is its )ehicle, the sixth or spiritual soul" *s soon as she feels herself distinct
from her KconsortL@and sees him@she loses him" ,tudy the K'eresy of
+ndi)idualityL@and you will understand"
+n the !hristian legend, the KRedeemerL is the K+nitiatorL who offers his life in
sacrifice for the pri)ilege of teaching his disciples some great truths" 'e, who
unriddles the !hristian sphinx, Kbecomes the Master of the *bsoluteL for the simple
reason that the greatest mystery of all the ancient initiations@past, present, and
future@is made plain and di)ulged to him" $hose who accept the allegory literally,
will remain blind all their life and those, who di)ulge it to the ignorant masses,
deser)e punishment for their want of discretion in see&ing to Kfeed pigs with pearls"L
Page 36G
$he $heosophist@read but by the intelligent who, when they understand it,
pro)e that they deser)e as much of the secret &nowledge as can be gi)en them@is
permitted to throw out a hint" #et him, who would fathom the mystery of the allegory
of both ,phinx and !ross, study the modes of initiation of the 6gyptians, !haldeans,
ancient =ews, 'indus, etc" *nd then he will find what the word K*tonementL@far
older than !hristianity@meant, as also Kthe (aptism of (lood"L *t the last moment
of the ,upreme +nitiation, when the +nitiator had di)ulged the last mysterious word,
either the 'ierophant or the Knewly born,L the worthier of the two, had to die, since
two *depts of e1ual power must not li)e, and he, who is perfect, has no room on
earth" bliphas #S)i hints at the mystery in his )olumes without explaining it" <et he
spea&s of Moses who dies mysteriously, disappears from the top of Mount Pisgah
after he had Klaid his handsL upon the initiated *aronE of =esus who dies for the
disciple Kwhom he lo)ed,L =ohn the author of the *pocalypse, and of =ohn the (aptist
@the last of the real 9a.ars of the 5ld $estament >see +sis, Vol" ++, p" 133?, who, in
the incomplete, contradictory, and tortured :ospel accounts, is made to die later
through 'erodiasQ whim, and, in the secret 8abalistic documents of the 9abathaeans,
to offer himself as an expiatory )ictim after Kbapti.ingL >i"e", initiating? his chosen
successor in the mystic =ordan" +n these documents, after the initiation *ba, the
4ather, becomes the ,on, and the ,on succeeds the 4ather and becomes 4ather and
,on at the same time, inspired by ,ophia *chamoth >secret wisdom? transformed
later on into the 'oly :host" (ut this successor of =ohn the (aptist was not =esus, the
9a.arenes say" (ut of this anon" $o this day, the initiation beyond the 'imalayas is
followed by temporary death >from three to six months? of the disciple, often that of
the +nitiatorE but the (uddhists do not spill blood, for they ha)e a horror of it,
&nowing that blood attracts Ke)il powers"L *t the initiation of the !hhinnamasta
$antri&as >from chhinna Kse)eredL and masta KheadLQ@the :oddess !hhinnamasta
being represented with a decapitated head?, the $antri& ,hastras say that, as soon as
the *dept has reached the highest degree of perfection, he has to initiate his successor
and@die, offering his blood as an atonement for the sins of his brothers"
Page 366
'e must Kcut off his own head with the right hand, holding it in the left"L $hree
streams of blood gush out from the headless trun&" 5ne of these is directed into the
mouth of the decapitated head >K" " " my blood is drin& indeedL@the inMunction in
=ohn that so shoc&ed the disciples?E the other is directed toward the earth as an
offering of the pure, sinless blood to mother 6arthE and the third gushes toward
hea)en as a witness for the sacrifice of KselfCimmolation"L 9ow, this has a profound
5ccult significance which is &nown only to the initiatedE nothing li&e the truth is
explained by the !hristian dogma, and imperfectly as they ha)e defined it, the 1uasiC
inspired K*uthors of the Perfect %ayL re)eal the truth far nearer than any of the
!hristian commentators"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V" 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, p" 39V
U$he writer spea&s of occultists of a higher grade as being a law unto themsel)es
and says that they should not be critici.ed or imitated by the ignorant and impatient
!hela" 'e instances the case of ,ri ,am&arIchIrya who is alleged to ha)e li)ed with
a widow princessE he also mentions *rMuna who is said to ha)e married a widow, and
8rishna who had a thousand wi)es" $o this '" P" (" remar&sRV
$hese examples are KunsuitedL because these are not historical facts, but
allegorical fictions that are accepted literally but by the ignorant" 9o adept@while
one at any rate@has e)er Kli)ed with a widow >or no widow? princessLE nor has he
married anyoneE least of all, no adept had, since the worldQs e)olution, e)en one, let
alone a Kthousand wi)es"L
Page 36H
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, p" D1V
'a)ing gi)en room in our ,eptember number to a letter from a 'indu
correspondent, belonging to a Mission ,chool, who accused his ,uperintendent, the
Re)" 9@, of abuse of power, we sent a copy of that number to the party charged of
the offence, in order to gi)e him a chance of replying to the accusation" %e ha)e now
his reply and we print it )erbatim" *t the same time, we ha)e also recei)ed another
letter from the plaintiff, which we publish alongside with that of the re)erend
gentleman" %e regret our inability to comply with the re1uest of the latter" K+n case
#a&shman sends you any more coc&CandCbull stories, please fa)our me with a sight of
them before putting them into print, as they may be impro)ed by an explanation from
meL@writes to us the Re)" !" (" 9ewton" %e answerR %e ha)e no right to betray the
confidence of a correspondent, e)en though he may be pro)ed to ha)e exaggerated
the offence" %e are glad for the re)erend gentlemanQs sa&e that it should be so, and
sorry for the young man that he should ha)e found it necessary to exaggerate"Z %ith
all that, we cannot remain satisfied with the explanations gi)en by the Re)" Mr"
9ewton" $he main point is not whether he has confiscated the boo&@another
personQs property@brutally or politelyE but rather, whether he had any right to do so
at all, since #a&shman ,ingh was not a !hristianE and the Mission ,chools, especially
the *merican, ha)e no right to brea& the promises of religious neutrality gi)en to the
'indus and Mussulmans by the :o)ernment that gi)es them shelter and hospitality"
Z %ell, if he has, better let him go and defend himself"
Page 362
*nd, if #a&shman ,ingh pro)es that he has been expelled from the school for no
greater crime than appealing to public opinion to decide upon the legality of such
forced proselytism, and for refusing to sign an untruthful statement to sa)e his
prospects of education from ruin, then we doubt whether the Re)" Mr" 9ewton will
thereby strengthen much either his own case or that of the religion he would enforce
upon his pupils by means that no one would )enture to call altogether fair" *nd since
our re)erend correspondent does us the honour of ac&nowledging that we maintain
certain principles, such as truthfulness and fair play, in common with himself, we
would fain as& him in the name of that truthfulness, whether he would ha)e e)er
cared to confiscate, as promptly as he has the ,elfCcontradictions of the (ible, some
of the missionary wor&s that tear down, abuse, and re)ile the gods of the 'indus, and
the other soCcalled KheathenL religionsP *nd if not, is it not forcing the poor youths of
+ndia, who ha)e no other means of being educated, to pay rather too dearly for that
education, if they ha)e to obtain it at the price of their ancestral faith, or be turned out
for see&ing to learn the truth about a religion which they are as&ed to prefer to their
own and which yet is represented to them but from one of its aspects, namely, the
missionary sideP %e call it neither fair nor generousE nor yet charitable" $rue charity
neither as&s nor does it expect its rewardE and, )iewed from this standpoint, the free
mission schools must appear to e)ery unpreMudiced person no better than illCdisguised
traps for the unsophisticated Kheathens,L and the missionaries themsel)es as guilty all
round of false pretences" 4ar more respectable appear to us e)en the ludicrous
,al)ationists who, if they mas1uerade in 5riental costumes, do not at least disguise
their real aims and obMects, and ha)e, at any rate, the merit of sincerity, howe)er
brutally expressed" $herefore we maintain what we ha)e said beforeR the act of which
the Re)" 9ewton and the two schoolmasters stand accused of, is@*(;,6 54
Page 369
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, p" D9V
$here exists a class of men@among the great )ariety composing genus homo@
who, by their modes of thought and action, ha)e to be )iewed as a distinct group, a
specimen entirely sui generis" %e would bottle and label them as the K+ndiaCrubber,L
or K6lastic men"L $hese indi)iduals whene)er defeated, will neither hide their
diminished heads, nor will they honestly admit that which, to all others, is an
accomplished and an undeniable factR namely, that in the affray, whate)er its nature,
they ha)e come out second best" 5n the contrary, prudently allowing a certain period
of time to elapse between the e)ent and a fresh attac&@a period sufficient, as they
craftily calculate, to sweep away from peopleQs minds the correct remembrance of
details@they will pounce most unexpectedly upon their exCantagonist and try to
crac& his head" $hey will, once more, impose upon the public an absolutely false
account of facts, and feel placidly confident that they ha)e whitewashed themsel)es
in the sight of some wea&Cminded fools"
,uch is e)idently the malignant purpose of K*n 5utstation *ryan
!orrespondentL in the 5ctober number of the *rya@a purpose that could be formed
only by a mind originally and essentially elastic, and executed by an intellect
naturally narrow, and a mode of reasoning enfeebled and contracted by bad
+t is sufficient to read the first paragraph of K* ,ummary Re)iew on >P? 6xtra
,upplement >sic? to $he $heosophist for =uly,L to smile in sincere pity at the puny
efforts of that unluc&y ad)ocate of a cause perdue"
Page 3HB
%e cannot help admiring, though, the sublime coolness with which he opens the fire
from his popgun in the first paragraphR K+n reply to !olonel 5lcottQs defence against
,wamiMi /ayanand ,araswatiQs charges + Uand who are you, (abu X,ir 5racleQPV can
in no way see that in any one single instance does the !olonel pro)e that those
charges are not wellCfounded and perfectly correct"L
*nd forthwith our bra)e Volunteer for K4orlorn 'ope,L sets out@in the )ery
face of facts and ,wamiQs suicidal autographs engra)ed from his original letters and
published in the =uly ,upplement@to pro)e that white is blac& and )ice )ersa" K*
,ummary Re)iewL being, of course, unworthy of a serious re)iew, or e)en a passing
notice in $he $heosophist, we write these few lines with 1uite a different obMect than
that of answering the un&nown K+"L +ndeed, no sane man, ac1uainted with ,wamiQs
many public and emphatic denials that he had e)er belonged to or permitted his name
to be entered as a member of the $heosophical ,ociety, could underta&e, after reading
the said =uly ,upplement, to express but one )iew upon the 1uestion" +n the presence
of >a? ,wamiQs autograph letter !olonel 5lcott to represent and act for
him in e)ery meeting of the !ouncil of the ,ocietyE >b? his letter ac&nowledging the
receipt and acceptance of a /iploma from 9ew <or&, which ma&es him necessarily a
4ellow, he ha)ing &ept that /iploma for nearly two years before sending it bac&, or,
in other words, resigningE and >c? Mrs" *" :ordonQs letter testifying to the fact that
she was initiated by ,wami /ayanand ,araswati at (enares, something plainly
showing that ,wami must ha)e been himself initiated before he could initiate anyone
else, hence that he was a K4ellowLE@in the presence of these three facts alone, we
say, who but an enemy of ,wami would care to re)i)e in the public memory the
recollection of his exposure and of his fruitless attempts Kto cog the dice and sha)e
truth,L as Mr" *rtemus %ard would sayP
$hus, it is not the luc&less K5utstation !orrespondentL@who, in his lame
wouldCbe re)iew, only outwits himself, and Kshooting at a pigeon &ills but a crowL@
that we address, but the 6ditor of $he *rya"
Page 3H1
%e had always regarded him as rather a discreet, truthful, and intelligent young man"
'ence@our sincere and rather amused surprise" !onceding to him willingly the said
1ualities, we are compelled to suspect that he has suddenly turned an enemy to his
great Patron" 5therwise, how should he permit such an aw&ward and dangerous
1uestion to be re)i)ed in the columns of his monthlyP ;nwilling to suspect his own
good faith, we are )ainly see&ing for a plausible moti)e that could ha)e made him
depart from prudent policy" +t cannot be that he Mumped at the opportunity of gi)ing a
hit to a sleeping ri)al through the hand of an anonymous correspondent, for he is too
intelligent to be ignorant of the fact that abuse from certain 1uarters is the highest
praise" %e abuse and hate but what we fear"
%hat is $he $heosophist more, indeed, Kthan a series of stories of (huts, =ins,
etc"LP $his sentence alone affords us the correct standard of the intelligence of the
K5utstationL critic" %ell, we reply that, e)en were it so, $he $heosophist would ha)e
yet that great ad)antage o)er $he *rya >especially in its 5ctober garb? that it can
appear on the drawing room table of the highest and most respectable 6uropean
families, as well as in the hands of the most innocent *ryan maiden or boy, without
any fear of shoc&ing the modesty of either" %e are sorry to obser)e this new
departure in $he *rya" $he disgusting and indecent wording of the articles@K*yur
Veda on 'ealth,L and KPhysiological <oga of $antra PhilosophyL@is amply
sufficient to ma&e any Mournal lose all those subscribers who ha)e any sense of
decency, at any rate among respectable nati)e families and 6uropeans" 6)en purely
medical wor&s and Mournals, when offered to the general public, a)oid such sincere
phraseology, and, for the sa&e of that same decency, gi)e certain words in :ree& or
#atin" %e are afraid that, unless our colleague prudently )eils in future the na&ed
hideousness of his terms Kin the obscurities of some learned tongue,L the postal
authorities might be under the painful necessity of interfering with the free circulation
of his inspired organ"
Page 3H3
%hy our modest and pious friend, the 6ditor of $he *rya, should ha)e suddenly
begun )ying in obscenities and immodest terms with the )enerable prophet of +srael,
'osea@is another psychological mystery that no 5ccultist could e)er underta&e to
'" P" (#*V*$,8<"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, 9o)ember, 1223, pp" GBCG1V
+ ha)e Must recei)ed #ight@the ablest of the ,piritual periodicals of 6ngland@
of ,eptember 33, and read its K9otes by the %ay,L contributed by KM" *" >5xon? ,L
with an unusual interest" ,o great was the latter indeed, that it ma&es me depart for
once from my editorial impersonality and answer the K9otesL o)er my own signature"
9ot further bac& than a year ago, especially if + had read those notes in the
parched and scorching plains of +ndia, + might ha)e deeply resented their unfriendly
tone" (ut now from an altitude of o)er 2BBB feet abo)e the sea le)el, ha)ing Must
enMoyed the pri)ilege of passing fortyCeight hours in the company of those much
doubted (R5$'6R, of ours, and certain of our $heosophists, moreo)er, who
crossed o)er to ,i&&im and made their personal ac1uaintances, representing
additional legal e)idence in fa)our of my claims@+ am rather inclined to feel amused
than otherwise"
+ndeed, + find that neither that )ery unfriendly tone assumed for some time past
against myself in the K9otes,L nor e)en the incessant thrusts in the direction of the
(R5$'6R,, are capable of ruffling my present placidity" <et + confess that, coming
as they do from one, who neither himself, nor his K+mperatorL >for whom, + belie)e,
he must feel as much re)erence as + do for our Protectors and M*,$6R,?, has e)er
been spo&en of in a moc&ing or contemptuous tone nor e)en in an unfriendly way in
our Mournal@does seem rather startling"
Page 3H3
*t any rate, KM"*" >5xon?QsL present attitude is rather more dangerous for
himself, and the cause he represents and labours for so .ealously, than it is for the
(R5$'6R, or e)en my own humble self, since, indeed, his hearty approbation of
the inimical criticism that closes the re)iew of Mr" ,innettQs $he 5ccult %orld in a
scientific paper he 1uotes from, seems directed far more against ,piritual phenomena
in general, and mediums and K,piritsL in particular, than it is against 5ccult ,cience
and its great li)ing Professors" + will say moreR in one who claims publicly@and
ma&es no secret of being in direct and constant communication with, and the
mouthpiece of, K+mperatorL@a high ,pirit@such a policy pro)es simply suicidal"
4or, who will dare deny@not any man of science, at any rate, or the same =ournal of
,cience@that KM"*" >5xon?QsL claims are certainly no more@and strict logicians as
well as an impartial Mury may say far less@demonstrable according to the laws of
inducti)e science, or e)en Mudicial e)idence, than our claims to an ac1uaintance and
intercourse with li)ing (R5$'6R," Really our friend ought to abstain from
throwing pebbles into his nearest neighbourQs premises" +n both KM"*" >5xon?QsL and
my case, the obMect of proof@so difficult of demonstration@is the real, palpable, and
undeniable existence of K,piritsL and K(rothersLE their respecti)e claims >or rather
those made by oursel)es, their humble mouthpieces, on their behalf ? to superior
&nowledge and powers, appearing but of secondary importance in this wholesale
denial by the sceptical KPhilistinesL of their )ery being" Re)iews are interesting, not
merely because they show what our friends and enemies thin& of us, but also because
they afford us a safe estimate of what opinion our critics hold of themsel)es" ,uch is
the double benefit + deri)ed by a perusal of KM"*" >5xon?QsL note on the re)iew of
$he 5ccult %orld by the =ournal of ,cience"
Page 3HD
9ot only do + percei)e the correctness >to a certain extent? of the criticism of
orthodox exact science@though feeling as sure that neither the disco)ery of a new
planet or mineral would satisfy her sceptics but more than e)er do + learn that it is
idle to expect anything li&e fairness e)en from the most intelligent and friendly
critics, once that their minds are biased and preMudiced by a series of misconceptions"
%ith KM"*" >5xon?QsL &ind permission, + will, in my turn, re)iew his strange re)iew"
$here already appears in the present issue another letter, signed by fi)e of the !helas
of our )enerated M*,$6R,, against a series of criticisms from the same pen,
directed against them, in #ight" $hey percei)e in this attitude of hostility simply the
Keffect of mediumshipL and suspect K+mperatorL of being no better than an 6lemental
,pirit, but + protest against this misconception and would ne)er permit myself
personally to throw suspicion or slur either upon KM"*" >5xon?QsL personal good
faith or that of his Kcontrol,L as he constantly does with regard to our K(R5$'6R,,L
and the writer of the present" + will content myself, then, with simply 1uoting from
his re)iew and pointing out his strange attitude" 'e saysR
$he =ournal of ,cience has now completed a candid and temperate notice of Mr"
,innettQs 5ccult %orld" $he writer deals with the e)idences of extraordinary power,
such as the creation of the cup and saucer at ,imla by Madame (la)ats&y, fairly, and
in a Mudicial spirit" 'e considers that the narrati)e must be accepted as a record
substantially accurate of a real occurrence" 'e puts aside the supposition of an
elaborate fraud as Xliterally bristling with difficulties,Q and arri)es at the conclusion
that Xthe cup and saucer were produced in the earth where found, by an agency to us
inconcei)able"Q $his is a startling concession when it is considered from what 1uarter
it comes" %e are so accustomed to find the inexplicable or the unexplained treated by
open science as the impossible, especially in the case of psychical phenomena, that
this candid consideration of an antecedently incredible statement is as startling as it is
,o far this sounds pretty friendly, e)en though the admission of KM"*" >5xon?L
allows as good a handle against spiritualistic phenomena as it does to those of the
5ccultists" (ut soon the tone changes and the probable genuineness of the
phenomena being conceded, their nature is ta&en to tas&"
Page 3HG
+ entirely appreciate Usays KM" *" >5xon?LV the words of the Re)iewer when he points
out that such feats, so li&e mere Mugglery, are by no means the best e)idence of
superior &nowledge" ,uppose the (rotherhood were to sayR KPoint your telescope to
such and such a spot in the hea)ens, you will find a planet as yet un&nown to you,
ha)ing such and such elements,L or K/ig into the earth in such a place and you will
find a mineral containing a metal new to your scienceR its atomic weight, its specific
gra)ity, etc", are so and so"L ,uch or similar proofs, not of superior power but of
higher &nowledge, would not increase any manQs facilities for e)ilCdoing" Rather, +
may add, would they increase the store of human &nowledge, and pro)e incontestably
the presence among us of some beings wiser and more beneficient than we" (ut, as
the Re)iewer points out, we search in )ain for any such e)idence" K$ill some foothold
of this &ind is gi)en us, it is useless to bid us Moin the $heosophical ,ociety or change
our mode of life"L $eachings so indefinite we are compelled to reMect, not indeed
Ksuperciliously,L but sadly" +t is impossible to find any reasonable fault with such an
attitude" +t is true that the *dept (rothers pose as men reluctant to open the door of
&nowledge to any but the most patient and persistent appeal made by one who has
pro)ed himself a worthy postulant" $hat is an attitude incompatible with some steps
lately ta&en" $oo much or too little has been said in their name, and the result is
bewilderment and confusion"
,uch is the sentence passed on the (R5$'6R,, or rather on myself, their
humble disciple" 9ow what would the a)erage sceptic@who belie)es in neither
K+mperator,L nor the K(R5$'6R,,L and who regards Must as much KM"*" >5xon?L as
'" P" (la)ats&y in the light of a hallucinated lunatic when not a wilful impostor@
what would a sceptic say to thisP 5utside the belie)ers in ,piritualism and 5ccultism
@a handful as compared to the bul& of man&ind@any a)erage sceptic would simply
laugh at such a criticism when it emanates from a wellC&nown ,piritualist, a medium
who himself claims a personal communication with a Khigh spiritL and many minor
ones" !an the ,piritualists point to any of their phenomena of a KhigherL character
than the few trifles &indly shown to the author of $he 5ccult %orldP 'a)e their
mediums, the highest, the best of them, for the last forty and odd years of their
acti)ity, made any one single disco)ery that would benefit humanity or e)en scienceP
*re the contradictory, conflicting bits of philosophy, &aleidoscopically exhibited by
K,piritsL through mediums, one whit higher than that contained e)en in the few stray
letters published in $he 5ccult %orldP
Page 3H6
'as e)en K+mperatorL pro)ed himself in his teachings any higher or more
philosophical or learned than 8ootC'oomi, and has he e)er consented to appear
before the Ka)erage PhilistineL or to gi)e an undoubted demonstration of his personal
reality except, perhaps, in the presence of the )ery, )ery few@at any rate by far fewer
than those who personally &now our (R5$'6R,E@or finally, has e)en he,
K+mperator,L that Kgreat and wise spiritL who ought as such to be far more powerful
and learned in the mysteries of undisco)ered planets and minerals than the highest
*deptC5ccultist li)ing@if the spiritualistic theory be true@has e)en he, + as&, e)er
benefited the world of science or the profane public, or e)en his own medium, by any
great disco)ery, which, Kincreasing the store of human &nowledge,L has pro)ed him
thereby@a being Kwiser and more beneficientL than we Kand the (R5$'6R,LP
KM"*" >5xon?QsL re)iew is therefore a doubleCedged sword" %hile trying with one
side of it to hit the (R5$'6R, and the 5ccultists, he simply cuts, and )ery badly
too, himself and ,piritualism with the other" Paraphrasing the words of the Re)iewer
and of KM"*" >5xon?L + will close my remar&s with the followingR
K$ill some foothold of this &ind is gi)en us,L it is useless to extol the K,piritsL
and KMediumsL abo)e the K(R5$'6R,L and their 5ccultists" $he attitude of the
former is truly KincompatibleL with their forty years of ardent acti)ity, and no results
whate)erE and, while we all &now what the K,piritsL ha)e hitherto been capable of,
no ,piritualist is yet in a position to say what benefit may or may not befall the world
through the K(R5$'6R,,L since they ha)e but hardly appeared on the hori.on"
Patience, patience, good friends, and critics" K(ewilderment and confusionL are far
more on your side than they are on ours and@1ui )i)ra )erraY
$indharia, near /arMeeling in the 'imalayas,
5ctober 33"
,+R %+##+*M 4#6$!'6R (*RR6$$
Reproduced from the Proceedings of the ,ociety for Psychical Research,
Vol" FFFV, Pt" F!V, =uly, 193G"
>!onsult *ppendix for biographical s&etch"?

'69R< ,+/:%+!8
Reproduced from the Proceedings of the ,ociety for Psychical Research,
Vol" FV, Pt" FFF+F, being a photograph ta&en by
Mrs" 4" %" '" Myers in 129G"
>!onsult *ppendix for biographical s&etch"?
Page 3HH
U$he Philosophic +n1uirer, 9o)ember 13, 1223, p" 1GGV
$o the 6ditor of $he Philosophic +n1uirer"
My dear !olleague and (rother,@+ do not generally read $he $hin&er >an
*ngloC$amil =ournal?, the Kcrusader against superstition, custom, po)erty, and
prostitution"L 4rom the day of its first appearance, when its editor or editors offered it
in exchange for $he $heosophist, and found his, or their offer respectfully declined@
+ ha)e ne)er set my eyes on the paper, though, to my great regret, + find e)ery wee&,
undue notice gi)en it in your Mournal" (ut, upon my arri)al at !alcutta, + disco)ered
that some illCad)ised friend had sent me three numbers of itE namely, for 5ctober 1st,
2th, and 1Gth" 9umber 1@de)otes three out of its eight columns to cheap abuse of
$heosophy, its ,ociety, and 4oundersE number 3@has six columns full of the sameE
and number 3@threeCandCaChalf columns out of the eight" 'ad the same amount of
attention been bestowed upon us by any Mournal of@say@fifth or sixthCrate
respectability and importance, no better or cheaper ad)ertisement could ha)e been
desired" 6manating from the poor, struggling, bumptious little $hin&er, it filled my
womanly, theosophic heart with sincere pity for its young wouldCbe editors" K%hat
paucity of printing matter must be theirsL@ + thought" K'ow little original stuff
proceeding direct from the editorial brains >if any found? they ha)e at their commandE
since, in order to fill their columns e)en with such poor abuse they ha)e to turn to the
*rya, a theistic, pious organ, and to 1uote from it whole columns of exploded
charges" " " "
Page 3H2
%ill not its hapless editor or editors ha)e to resort )ery soon, to still more ample
1uotations from missionary organs, than which, no columns the world o)er offer
more abundant har)est for personal abuse of, and slander directed against, the
theosophists"L ,uch were my thoughtsE when, after the perusal of the following
%e are surrounded by frauds and cheats " " " be watchful, and the $heosophists
will find it hard to dupe youE and " " " no healthy brain ought to belie)e in all and
e)ery filth >P? that !olonel 5lcott throws before his audience " " " and in his organ $he
+ came across the following witticismR
%e are fortunate that under the (ritish rule in +ndia such barbarous practices
UduelsV are prohibitedE or else the $heosophical 6ditor will >sic? challenge us for a
duel, as he Uwhy not shePV has now exhausted all logical arguments for $heosophy"
5h, poor young editors of the helpless little $hin&er with its columns so
painfully filled up with driedCup and borrowed matter, what delusion is theirsY %hy
should they entertain such ridiculous fearsP $he editor of $he $heosophist is e)er
ready to throw her gauntlet to, or accept a challenge from, her superiors, or at least,
her e1uals in the editorial field" (ut to Kchallenge for a duelL a@$he $hin&er " " " Pro
pudor" $he editor of $he $heosophist is no female /on Auixote to fight e)ery
bro&enCdown windmill that chooses to grind nonCdeodori.ed hus&s and chaff, and
then blow the illCsmelling but harmless wind into her face" *t the worst she would
ha)e to go to the trouble of protecting her olfactory organ for a second or two and
ne)er gi)e the puff of foul air another thought" +n her wise economy, nature protects
her infinitesimally small specimens of being, while her larger )ariety has to ta&e care
of themsel)es" 'ence@the impunity with which the bite of a microscopical flea is
generally followed" +t is under the pro)iso of this generous law in nature, that the
editor or editors of the unthin&ing $hin&er escape the penalty of their 1uasiClibellous
expressions directed against !olonel 5lcott"
Page 3H9
'ow could a man@than whom, no one is more respected for his high moral 1ualities
and integrity of character in *merica as well as in 6ngland by all those who &now
him@Mr" (radlaugh, in 6ngland, for one, and a number of highly + intellectual,
educated *ngloC+ndian gentlemen amongst others here@how could such a man heed
the bite, howe)er )icious, of such a poor, insignificant, little literary insect as the
$hin&erP * Mournal li&e $he ,tatesman of !alcutta, which nearly came to grief, last
year, for defamation of the character of the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety@
had, and has cause to fear, for, it is a paper of some importance, and it has a character
to loseE hence@it has since then left us se)erely alone" (ut what has the poor little
$hin&er to fear or loseP
(efore closing, let me gi)e a salutary ad)ice to our (rothers, the editor of $he
Philosophic +n1uirer, and all, and e)ery other $heosophist who would rush into print
to the defence of his ,ociety or its 4ounders when defamed by the little *ngloC$amil
organ in 1uestion" K#i)e and let li)eL@should be our mottoE but why gi)e such an
undue prominence to the childish and impertinent prattle or rather sul&s of its wouldC
be ri)alP %e of a K;ni)ersal (rotherhoodL should extend our uni)ersal charity e)en
to $he $hin&er" (ut, although the shafts it fires from its borrowed popguns fall
harmless enough and may bring it a subscriber or two more, we should not help it to
further its obMect@that of attracting notice@by gi)ing room to replies answering its
)agaries to the crowdingCoff from the columns of $he Philosophic +n1uirer of other
and more interesting matter" #et the poor $hin&er li)e" #et its editors fill its columns
with abuse collected from papers as inimical to us as they are to itself, from theistic
and missionary organs, lest it dies from star)ation" +t is e)ident from the abo)e three
specimen numbers that it cannot shine with any other but a borrowed light@unless
li&e certain pieces of rotten wood it emits a phosphoric lustre of decay" +ts only
editorial >5ctober 2? M*$$6R *9/ 45R!6 is ta&en bodily from an article of the
same name from $he $heosophist of ,eptember without any ac&nowledgment of the
same" +n this editorial it childishly and as clumsily pretends to answer an in)isible
and un&nown opponent, and repeat parrotCli&e some of the arguments of the article in
$he $heosophist" #et it li)e by all means"
Page 32B
<et, + feel pained for Mr" (radlaugh and his ,ecular ,ociety" $o thin& that a man of
such remar&able intellect and of such uni)ersally recogni.ed ability should ha)e a
representati)e and champion of that sort in +ndia is@sad indeedY + hope + may not
turn a prophetE yet, it is to be feared that the ser)ices rendered by that Madras pigmy
to the 6nglish colossus may pro)e in the long run of the same nature as those
rendered by the ,al)ation *rmy to !hristianity" ;nless some (ritish secularist ta&es
pity upon $he $hin&er and sends it matter enough to fill its empty columns, the last
prestige of the secular mo)ement in +ndia will be destroyed" *s the %ar !ry of the
,al)ationists fights an imaginary Mr" /e)il, so $he $hin&er fences with a mythical
Mr" $heosophist of its own creation whom it tries to show off as an arch enemy of
<ours fraternally,
'" P" (#*V*$,8<,
6ditor of $he $heosophist"
3Bth 5ctober, 1223"
%e say *men o)er the K)ery indecent,L little $hin&er"@6ditor, Philosophic
Page 321
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, /ecember, 1223, p" GDV
KQ$were all as good to ease one beast of grief,
*s sit and watch the sorrows of the world,
+n yonder ca)erns with the priests who pray"
" " " " " "
K;nto the dumb lips of his floc& he lent
,ad pleading words, showing how man, who prays
4or mercy to the gods, is merciless,
(eing as gods to thoseE " " "L
@,ir 6dwin *rnold, #ight of *sia"
* certain 4ellow and !ouncillor of our ,ociety and member of the (ombay
(ranch is engaged in a noble wor&, which reflects honour upon us all" Mr" 8a)asMi M"
,hroff, a Parsi gentleman among the most publicCspirited and intelligent of his
indefatigable race, is &nown in 6ngland as a colleague and friend of the late
philanthropic Miss Mary !arpenter, and in *merica as a lecturer upon 4ire %orship"
*t (ombay his name has been long identified with mo)ements of public importance,
among them that of Pre)ention of !ruelty to *nimals, of the local ,ociety de)oted to
which wor& he is ,ecretary" $here ha)e long been such praiseworthy bodies in
6urope and *merica, but, curiously enough, our Parsi colleague has de)ised a new
feature in their administration ne)er yet thought of by the more experienced %estern
philanthropists, and which )astly enlarges the scope of their usefulness" $he (ombay
daily papers ha)e noticed the scheme appro)ingly, and from the :a.ette of =uly 33,
and $imes of +ndia of 9o)ember 6, we copy in full the extracts which follow, in the
hope that they may incite humanitarians elsewhere to imitate this most laudable
Page 323
;nless we mista&e, posterity will offer a more lasting homage to the names of
Mr" /inshaw Manoc&Mee, Mr" ,hroff, and their colleagues than Knosegays and
rosewater"L 4or a )ery great body of people in these *siatic countries ha)e in their
natures an inbred tender compassion for the brute creationE and long before the
#ondon ,"P"!"*" arose, there existed in a 'indu 1uarter of (ombay, a refuge for
animals called PinMraMole, where e)en the fleas and bugs are fed on the bodies of
li)ing men who hire themsel)es out for this curious ser)ice at so much per nightY +t is
a common thing for a 'indu merchant or speculator to )ow that if he succeeds in a
certain )enture he will buy so many cattle, sheep, or other animals doomed to the
shambles, and send them to PinMrapole to be &ept at feed for the rest of their natural
li)es" (ut though PinMrapole is richly endowed, ha)ing a re)enue of, we belie)e, more
than a la&h of rupees annually, its internal management lea)es much to be desired"
$his, under the intelligent super)ision of Mr" ,hroff, is most li&ely to be a)oided in
the proposed *nimal 'ospital, and as we remar&ed abo)e, it is a cause of honourable
pride to e)ery member of our ,ociety that so (uddhaCli&e a practical charity should
ha)e been set afoot by our Parsi colleague and brother" %e hope these lines may
come under the eye of Mr" 'enry (ergh, the *merican .oophile"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, /ecember, 1223, p" 61V
U;nder the abo)e title, '" P" (" comments upon certain criticisms by
!hidambaram +yer of the wor& of $he $heosophical ,ociety, and publishes a lengthy
correspondence between him and Velayudam Mudaliar, of Presidency !ollege,
including 1uestions as to the beliefs and teachings of one Ramalingam Pillay, ,he
introduces the subMect by sayingRV
Page 323
$he communication from an esteemed brother, Mr" Velayudam Mudaliar, 4"$",",
$amil Pandit in the Madras Presidency !ollege, which appeared in $he $heosophist
for =uly last, has been ta&en exception to by Mr" 9" !hidambaram +yer, of $ri)adi,
Madras Presidency, who sends his criticisms thereupon, together with a Moint reply to
certain 1uestions of his addressed to a wellC&nown chela, or pupil, of the late
Ramalingam ,wami" $he gentleman says in a pri)ate note to us, that he has Kthe
greatest respect for the *deptC(rothers, for the 4ounders of the $heosophical ,ociety,
and for Ramalingam himself, who was no doubt a great man in his own way"L 'e
fully belie)es in the existence of the (rothers, and appreciates the wor& done by our
,ociety Kin so far as it tends to awa&en in the minds of the 'indus a respect for the
wisdom and learnings of their eminent ancestors"L ,o far, wellE but ha)ing thus
wreathed his rapier with flowers he then ma&es a lunge with it at the 4oundersQ ribs"
K(ut + do not at all appro)e,L says he, Keither their indirect attempts to spread
(uddhism in the land of the 'indus, or the apathy with which the Slite of the 'indu
community )iew the e)il that threatens to seriously inMure the religion of their
forefathers"L $his@if we may be pardoned the liberty of saying so@is rhetorical
nonsense" $he public discourses and pri)ate con)ersations of !olonel 5lcott in +ndia
will be scrutini.ed in )ain for the slightest e)idence upon which the charge of
(uddhistic propagandism could be based" $hat wor& is confined to !eylon" 'is
addresses to 'indus ha)e so faithfully mirrored the religious and moral sentiments
and aspirations of the people, that they ha)e been )oluntarily translated by 'indus
into )arious +ndian )ernaculars, published by them at their own cost, and circulated
all o)er the Peninsula" $hey ha)e@ as abundant published nati)e testimony pro)es@
stimulated a fer)id lo)e for +ndia and her glorious *ryan past, and begun to re)i)e the
taste for ,ans&rit literature" *s for the tone of this maga.ine, it spea&s for itself" $a&e
the thirtyCnine numbers thus far issued, and count the articles upon (uddhism in
comparison with those upon 'induism, and it will be found that while confessedly an
esoteric (uddhist, the 6ditor has ta&en great pains to a)oid anything which might
loo& li&e an +ndian propagandism of that philosophy"
Page 32D
4or two years our !olombo (ranch has been publishing a wee&ly paper@the
,arasa)i ,andaresa@in ad)ocacy of (uddhism, yet we ha)e carefully abstained from
1uoting its articles lest we might depart from our rule of strict impartiality" 9o, this
charge must be ascribed to that orthodox preMudice which, under e)ery phase of
religion, begets intolerance and runs into persecution" +t may amuse our critic to learn
that some narrowCminded (uddhist bigots in !eylon regard !olonel 5lcott as
scheming to brea& down orthodox (uddhism by gradually introducing 'indu ideas
about the ,oul, and he was publicly called to account because we use the mystic
syllable 5M on our ,ociety documents and call oursel)es $heoCsophistsY ,o, too, an
eminent Mussulman gentleman among our 4ellows was soundly rated by his still
more distinguished brother, because he had Moined a body of persons banded together
to *ryanise +slamY
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, /ecember, 1223, pp" 69CH1V
U;nder the abo)e title '" P" (" publishes a re)iew by KM" *" >5xon"?L of a rare
wor& called $he ,tars and the 6arth, #ondonR (aillidre, $indall and !ox, 122B"
!oncerning the authorship of this boo&, she writes in a footnoteRVZ
Z U$he complete title of this wor& is $he ,tars and the 6arthE or thoughts upon space, time and
eternity" +t was published anonymously by (aillidre in #ondon in 12D6CDH, and the edition re)iewed
in $he $heosophist is the re)ised and enlarged edition with 9otes by the wellC&nown astronomer, R"
*" Proctor" +n the #istings of *nonymous wor&s, as well as in 8eyserQs (^cherC#exicon, the
original title is stated to ha)e been /ie :estirne und die %eltgeschichteR :edan&en ^ber Raum, 7eit
und 6wig&eit" $he wor& is attributed to :usta) 6berty and was published by :" P" *derhol. at
(reslau in 12DH" +t is supposed to be only a small boo& of 6B pages"@!ompiler"V
Page 32G
+ts authorship has, we belie)e, ne)er been disclosed" 4rom Mr" (allidre himself
we had, when purchasing a copy of the original edition, some thirty years ago, the
story of its publication" 5ne day Mr" (allidre recei)ed by post the M,, of this little
wor&, with a ban& note for nGB and a letter of a few lines without signature, to the
effect that this sum was sent to defray the costs of publication" Mr" R" *" Proctor, the
astronomer, spea&s most highly of it in a recent publication and, in fact, it has always
been recogni.ed as one of the ablest essays in contemporaneous literature" /oes M"*"
>5xon? suspect its authorP
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, /ecember, 1223, p" H3V
5f Mr" (ennettQs abilities as a writer we ha)e already had occasion to spea&E so
that we need only say that his present )olume is in his characteristically 1uaint,
strong, aggressi)e, and not o)erCpolished style" %e ha)e (hopa RIMIQs word for it that
Kall commentators are per)erters of the meaning of their authorsLE so, bearing that in
mind, we shall not ris& a hardCearned reputation for fairness by going into any )ery
extended notice of a wor& which is at once interesting and instructi)e beyond almost
any upon Palestine that we ha)e read" !ritics too often critici.e boo&s without ta&ing
the trouble to read them, but we ha)e read this one of Mr" (ennettQs from the first
word to the lastY 'e went to Palestine with two distinct ideas to carry out, )i.", to see
the country, and to tell the truth about it" $o do the latter without fear or fa)our, to
expose exaggerations of the old fairy stories about its ancient inhabitants, their rulers
and the momentous e)ents located there, re1uired no little solid pluc&E and our
authorQs sincerity and moral courage will not be doubted by anyone who follows his
narrati)e and ponders his suggesti)e criticisms"
Z $he (oo& of the !hronicles of the Pilgrims in the #and of <ahweh" (y /" M" (ennett >9" <",
Page 326
$he ideas of the pettiness of this so o)erClauded land, in olden times as well as
now, and the impossibility of many things ha)ing happened there that we are as&ed to
belie)e in, force themsel)es continually upon the mind" +t is a missionary boo& in the
strictest sense of being calculated to do missionary wor&@against !hristianity"
4reethin&ers, then, will pri.e it as highly as the great mass of !hristians will hate it
and loathe its author"
U$he $heosophist, Vol" +V, 9o" 3, /ecember, 1223, p" H3V
$he first number of the Mournal of this new ,ociety is full of interesting matter
and indicates that our sister association will do good wor& in a field where such
ser)ice was sorely needed" 5ur friendly interest in its operations has been already
declared >$he $heosophist, =uly? without reser)e, and we need only repeat that our
,ociety is ready and willing to carry out any line of psychic research in +ndia or
!eylon that the ,"P"R" may indicate" $he more so that some of our ablest men of the
(ritish $heosophical ,ociety ha)e become members of the new body" $he roll of its
officers and !ouncil contains some names great in scienceE such as Mr" 'enry
,idgwic&, of !ambridgeE Professor (alfour ,tewart, 4"R",", of 5wens !ollege,
ManchesterE Professor %" 4" (arrett, 4"R","6", of $rinity !ollege, /ublinEZ /r"
#ochart RobertsonE Re)" %" ,taintonCMoses, M"*" >5xon?E Mr" !" !" MasseyE /r"
%yld, etc", etc" $he present number of the Mournal is occupied with the inaugural
address of President ,idgwic&@a calm, dignified and able paper@and reports of
experiments in thought reading by Professors (" ,tewart and (arrett, Messrs"
6dmund :urney, 4" %" '" Myers, and Re)" *" M" !reeryE a list of the ,ocietyQs
members and associates and its constitution and rules" $hose who can read the
significance of coincidences will please ma&e note of the fact that the ,ocietyQs first
general meeting was held@as, se)en years earlier, that of the $heosophical ,ociety
had been@on the se)enteenth of the monthE in =uly, the se)enth month of the yearE
and that the members number se)entyCfi)e" 5men faustum"
Z U,ee important information in appendix, under (arrett"@!ompiler"V
Page 32H
U+n 1223, a wor& by !" ,taniland %a&e entitled $he 5rigin and ,ignificance of
the :reat Pyramid was published in #ondon by Ree)es and $urner" +n '"P"("Qs copy
of this wor&, now in the *dyar *rchi)es, there is a pencil note in her handwriting, on
page 2G, with reference to %a&eQs statement that