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Exercise 84 Practice with Adjectives. Translate.

1. in alto flumine

2. cum magno exercitu

3. post magnum bellum

4. cum sancta Maria

5. in longa via

6. cum hominibus bonis

7. cum magnis copiis

8. cum multis militibus

9. in magno periculo

10. in altis montibus

11. cum homine bono

12. post longum iter

13. propter multa vulnera

14. cum servo malo

Nomen:

Exercise 85

Recall Adjective Rules:

1. with many soldiers

2. in the high mountains

3. on account of the holy law of God

4. with a good man

5. large bodies

6. with the first Christians

7. bad laws

8. the deep rivers (as direct object)

9.

the long way

10. on account of a great fear of the Romans

11.

great shouting

Must agree in Gender/Number/Case

• Quantity adjectives generally precede their nouns

• Quality adjectives generally follow their nouns

• In Christian Latin, ‘sanctususually precedes its noun

Exercise 86

Nomen:

Determine which noun the adjective ís modifying by matching their Gender, Case, and Number.

1. Multi Christiani in prímá acié

2. Sancti Christiani orant

3. Longum agmen in altos montes

4. Nauta malus nón

5. Dux bonus magnam virtútem militum

6. In longo agmine multi milites et Impedímenta

Exercise 87

Nómen:

Translate these sentences into Latin. Be sure to match the adjectives in Gender, Number, and Case to their noun. Recall the Rules for Placement. If it will help you translate more accurately ~ parse!

1. On account of the great fame of Rome, many men praise the laws of the

2. We Christians are servants of Holy

3. The long column was in the forests, but the first battle line was on the high

4. The remaining part of the enemy came into the narrow

5. The Roman soldiers made an attack against the enemy in the narrow, deep

6. Good leaders praise peace

7. Christians placed hope of salvation in the holy name of Jésús

8. The bad kings killed many Christians

9. There are large mountains and deep rivers in America. 1

1. America: America, ae

Nomen:

Lesson 7.3

Hodie est:

Declining Latin Nouns

1. Decline these Nouns: Tell their gender, what declension they belong to, and their meanings.

inopia, ae

Gender:

decl?

Meaning:

 

Singular

Plural

Nominative

   

Genitive

   

Dative

   

Accusative

   

Ablative

   

dominus, i

Gender:

decl?

Meaning:

 

Singular

Plural

Nominative

   

Genitive

   

Dative

   

Accusative

   

Ablative

   

murus, i

Gender:

decl?

Meaning:

 

Singular

Plural

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

frúmentum, i

Gender:

decl?

Meaning:

Nominative

   

Genitive

   

Dative

   

Accusative

   

Ablative

   
 

What does frúmentum, i

mean in the plural?

legio, legionis

Gender:

decl?

Meaning:

Nominative

Genitive

Dative

Accusative

Ablative

Lesson 7.3 Predicate Adjectives

Nómen:

Hodie est:

Recall: When an adjective is linked to a noun by means of a linking verb (is, are, am, was, were, etc.), it is called a Predicate Adjective. It follows the same rule of agreement (Gender, Number, Case). This linking verb may sit between the two words or at the end of the sentence, which is normal placement for Latin verbs.

However, when a linking verb begins the sentence, it is often translated there ís, there are, there was, etc.

Practice here:

1. Via est

2. Longa via

3. Est longa

4. Acies erat

5. Oppidum est

6. Erat longus

7. Nautae sunt

8. Sunt Chrístiání

9. Magnum oppidum

10. Est angustum

Exercise 89. Attributive Adjectives

1. Legiónés Rómánae

(pró castrís)

Nomen:

Hodie est:

2. Sanctus Jésús (pró hominibus malís et bonís)

3. Multí Gallí (pró portís castrorum)

4. Principes

(pró múró altó)

5. Mílités Rómání ( pró múró) oppidí magní

castra

6. Chrístiání

(pró amícís)

7. (Pró rége bono)

mílités impetum

(in hostés)

8.

Erat

magna inopia frúmentí

(in

9. Reliquí mílités Chrístiání

(in prímá acié)

(pró silvís)

10.

Serví

dominum bonum

laudant

Exercise 90. Write small!

Attributive & Predicate Adjectives

1. Erat magna inopia frumenti (in castrís Rómánís)

Erat magn a inopi a frumenti (in castr ís Rómán ís ) dedérunt quod N omen:

dedérunt

quod
quod

Nomen:

Hodie est:

Gallí Rómánís copiam frumenti nón

et

2. Gallí nón erant amici

3. Itaque, Caesar (cum copiis et impedimentis) (in Galliam)

4. Agmen Caesaris longum erat

5. Via (in angustis et altís montibus)

6. Itaque, Gallí impetum (in longum agmen) fécérunt,

sed
sed

Gallós legionés Romanae

7. Itaque, (in oppidum tutum) venerunt reliqui

8. Rómání, autem, castra (pró muro alto)

9. Prímá acies Caesaris (pró castrís) erat

10. Gallí autem (propter magnum metum Caesaris) impetum (in castra Rómána) nón fécérunt

11. Itaque, Rómání impetum (in Gallós) fécérunt et Gallós vicerunt

12. Multós Gallós et magnam partem principum Galliae

13. (Post victóriam Caesaris) erat pax (in

14. Itaque, Gallí

magnam frumenti copiam

castrís Rómánís).

Rómánís dedérunt,

et
et

nón erat inopia frumenti (in

Exercise 91 Recall: Adjectives match their Nouns in: GENDER, NUMBER & CASE.

1. In front of the large camp is a deep

2. The walls of the town are

3. Caesar was a great

4. There was a great scarcity of

5. There were many legions with Caesar in

6. Holy Jesus prays for

7. Christ the Lord prays on behalf of the

8. Roman slaves do not praise the

9. There are great crops in

Nomen:

Exercise 92 Read the directions carefully.

Nomen:

Adjective Rules:

Adjectives agree with their nouns in Gender, Number, and Case. GNC Adjectives of QUANTITY generally precede their nouns. Adjectives of QUALITY generally follow their nouns.

Draw arrows from the Italicized Adjectives to the Nouns they Modify.

1. Agmen longum erat

2. Reliqui Gallí tuti nón

3. Milites Christiani pro imperatore bono impetum in hostés

4. Via angusta erat

5. Longum agmen in montes altos

6. Príma legio in acié

7. Magna frumenti inopia in reliquis gentibus erat

8. Homines mali pro reliquis hominibus nón

9. Sunt multa flumina in Galliá

10. Dominus, homó bonus et sanctus, servis frúmentum

11. Legiones Romanae in acié pro muro alto

Exercise 95

Nomen:

1. Decline these 3 rd declension adjectives in the NEUTER:

communis, fortis, gravis, and difficilis

 

Singular

Plural

Nom

   

Gen

   

Dat

   

Acc

   

Abl

   
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

   

Gen

   

Dat

   

Acc

   

Abl

   

2.

 

Singular

Plural

Nom

   

Gen

   

Dat

   

Acc

   

Abl

   
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

   

Gen

   

Dat

   

Acc

   

Abl

   

Put these phrases into the Ablative Singular, and Nominative & Genitive Plural:

a.

homó fortis

 
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

-------

 

Gen

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

b.

omnis Christianus

 
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

-------

 

Gen

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

c.

dux nobilis

 

Singular

Plural

Nom

 

-------

 

Gen

 

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

 

d.

breve iter

 
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

 

-------

 

Gen

 

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

 

e.

via difficilis

 
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

 

-------

 

Gen

 

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

 

f.

bellum grave

 
 

Singular

Plural

Nom

 

-------

 

Gen

 

-------

 

Abl

 

-------

3.

Put these phrases into the Accusative & Ablative Singular:

a.salus communis

 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

b.

omnis Galliá

 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

c.

rés gravis

 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

d. metus gravis

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

e. oppidum nobile

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

f. omnis spes

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

g. vulnus grave

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

h. via facilis

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

i. nomen nobile

 
 

Singular

Plural

Acc

 

-------

Abl

 

-------

4.

Complete and translate:

a. in via difficil

b.

cum omn

copiis

c. pro rege nobil

d. pro amico fort

e. pro duce nobil

f. post bellum grav

g. propter metum grav

h.

cum omn

equitatu

i. cum militibus fort

j. propter vulnera grav

k. propter salutem commun

l. post oppidum nobil

Exercise 97. Practice with 3 rd declension Predicate Adjectives.

Nomen:

1. The danger was serious

2. You are

3. (On account of the common salvation of men), Christ came (into the

4. They way was

5. All men praise great

6. There were strong soldiers and renowned leaders in the Roman

7. The journey was not

8. The mountains are large and

9. Every general praises courage and

10. Caesar was a great and renowned

11. The victory was not easy

12. The route was short

13. Roman swords were

14. The affair was

15. Christ is a noble lord and a brave leader;

therefore

16. The Roman laws were

17. The long and deep rivers of America 1 are

1 America: America, ae

all good and holy men praise Christ, the Lord.

Exercise 98. Practice with Adjectives that Govern Cases.

1. Gallí gloriae cupidi

2. Fílius similis patris

3. Gallí finitimi erant

4. María est gratiá

5. Galliá plena Rómánórum

6. Oppidum plenum erat militum et

7. Próvincia plena est omnium rerum

8. Caelum est plenum glóriae

9. Cupidí sumus omnium rerum

10. Finitimi Galliae

11. Sancti hominés Chrístó similes

Nomen:

Exercise 99

Complete these sentences:

1. Castra plena sunt

2. Hostés cupidi erant

3. Gentes erant finitimae

4. Gallí nón erant similes

5. Duces gentibus

6. Nauta nón est similis

Nómen:

The camp is full of swords.

The enemy was eager for victory.

The tribes were next to Gaul.

The Gauls were not like the Romans.

occiderunt. They killed the leaders of the neighboring tribes.

A sailor is not like a soldier.

Exercise 100

Nómen:

Watch cases carefully!

Hodie est:

1. Nómen Jésú est Sánctum

2. Est nómen nobile et spei

3. In nomine Jésú omnés Chrístiání órant;

4. In nomine Jésú primi Chrístiání Rómánós

5. Propter Jésúm Deus Pater primis Chrístiánís praemium victóriae dedit

6. Itaque Jésús Chrístus est et Dominus et Réx omnium

Exercise 101

Nómen:

Hodie est:

1. Chrístiání et Jésúm Chrístum et Deum Patrem

2. Róma est urbs et magna et

3. Caesar et glóriae et imperií cupidus erat

4. Prímá lúce equités fortés impetum in reliquós hostés fécérunt

5. Propter perícula gravía et multa mílitum vulnera Rómání iter breve in próvinciam)fécérunt

Exercise 102

Nómen:

This exercise is meant to be done while looking at the

Hodie est:

picture on page 89 of your Henle text book. Watch for nouns that are plural in Latin but singular in English!

Also, phrase your sentences carefully; just because a prepositional phrase begins a Latin sentence, does not mean it is best placed at the start of the English sentence.

Agmen Romanum

Quid videtis in picturá? 1 In picturá videtis agmen Romanum. Agmen longum est, sed videtis partem agminis. Videtis signa legionum et gladios militum. Pars agminis est in ponte. Equites autem non sunt in ponte. Videtis imperatorem. Primus venit. In agmine sunt impedimenta. In impedimentis est copia frumenti et omnium rerum. Videtis urbem et murum altum.

Exercise 103

If it will help you, parse the adjectives.

Case/#/Gender The first one is done for you.

1. There are

N/P/M

Ab/P/N

Ab/P/N

many bridges (on the long and deep rivers) of America. *

2. The Roman soldiers killed many Christians

on account of

the name of Jesus.

Nomen:

3. There are great and renowned cities in

4. Christians put

all hope and faith in the Lord, Jesus

5. Both

sailors

and

soldiers

6.

The city

of Rome is large and

praise

God

7. The general gave the signal at dawn,

of the

large part of the leading men

8. You see the standards of the legions

and so, the cavalry made an attack on the enemy and killed a

9. The wounds of the brave soldiers are many and

10. The enemy killed the Roman

11. They fortified the bridges

12. What do the Christians praise?

*America, Americae