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Examination ( Genetics )

1. Which of the following is an example of an X-linked recessive disorder?

A. Huntington disease C. Methemoglobinemia
B. Color blindness D. Sickle cell disease

2. Which one of the following phrases best describes the human karyotype?
A. One pair of sex chromosomes and 22 pairs of autosomes
B. X and Y chromosomes and 22 pairs of autosomes
C. Sex chromosomes along with 23 pairs of autosomes
D. 46 pairs of autosomes

3. Which of the following best defines non-disjunction?
A. Complete exchange of chromosome pieces
B. Failure of chromosome pairs to separate
C. Loss of a piece of a chromosome
D. Repetitive replications of the same piece of a chromosome

4. Which one of the following is a characterisitc of cancer cells ?
A. They 're usually either nerve cells or cardiac muscle cells
B. They result in uncontrolled growth
C. They have a specialized structure and function
D. They can't travel to other parts of the body

5. Which one of the following strands of DNA is the complement strand to C-C-A-T-C-G ?
A. G-G-T-A-G-C C. A-A-C-G-A-T
B. G-G-A-T-G-C D. T-T-G-C-T-A

6. __________ have the potential to develop and specialize into any cell type , which means they re
A. adult stem cells; multipotent C. embryonic stem cells; multipotent
B. embryonic stem cells; totipotent D. adult stem cells; totipotent

7. If a piece of DNA breaks off from the chromosome and attaches itself to a non-homologous
chromosome at another location, what type of change has occurred?
A. Inversion B. Duplication C. Translocation D. Deletion

8. The goal of _________ is to use cells and tissues to treat human illness or injuries.
A. gene therapy B. reproductive cloning C. therapeutic cloning D. clone therapy

9. Which of these is happening when translation takes place?
A. mRNA is still in the nucleus
B. rRNAs expose their anticodons
C. DNA is being replicated
D. tRNAs are bringing amino acids to the ribosomes

10. Which one of the following statements about mitosis is correct?
A. It's part of the process of oogenesis
B. It forms two identical daughter cells
C. It creates haploid nuclei
D. It consists of two parts mitosis I and mitosis II

11. The phase of cell division in which chromosomes align on the spindle equator halfway between the spindle
poles is
A. metaphase B. telophase C. anaphase D. prophase

12. A recessive allele t is responsible for a condition called distonia. A man who has this condition marries a woman
who doesn't. One of their four children has the condition. What are the possible genotypes of the man and the
woman? (Hint: To help you answer this question, create a Punnette square for each possibility. )
A. The father is Tt :the mother is TT
B. The father is tt: the mother is TT
C. Both parents are TT
D. The father is tt; the mother is Tt

13. Two organisms each with the genotypes TtGg mates. The chance of producing an offspring that has the
dominant phenotype for the height (T) and the recessive phenotype for color ( g ) is
A. 11/16 B. 7/16 C. 3/16 D. 9/16

14. How does mitosis in plant cell differ from that in animals cells?
A. Animals cell lack cyctokinesis
B. Animal cell lack a cell plate
C. Plant cells lack spindle fibers
D. Plants cells lack centrioles

15. Which of these is true of meiosis?
A. n---->n C. 2n----->n
B. n-----> 2 D. 2n------->2n

16. From the cross Aa x Aa, the probability of producing a homozygous dominant
A. 25% C. 75 %
B. 50% D. 100%

17. The two types of cell cycle genes that, if mutated, cause cancer cells to divide uncontrollably are called tumor
suppressor genes and ___________
A. proto-oncogenes B. telomeres C. growth factors D. cancer genes

18. Which of the following best defines genomics?
A. A sequence of mutant gene
B. The study of the genomes of organisms
C. The study of cellular protein structures
D. A mechanism used in DNA fingerprinting

19. If a cell has 18 chromosomes, how many chromosomes would each daughter cell have after mitosis?
A. 9 B. 18 C. 36 D. The number cant be determined

20. Which of the following processes occurs during meiosis and not mitosis?
A. Cytogenesis B. Crossing-over C. Cytokinesis D. Crossing-under