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ISLAM-Q&A FATWA ON THIS HADEETH


http://www.islam-qa.com/en/ref/11093
Are these the times which are referred to in the hadeeth of the
Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), according to
which when one of the Sahaabah asked him, What should I do when
there is too much fitnah and division?, he replied, Keep away from
the people, and sit in your house? In al-Saheeh, in Kitaab al-Fitan,
Baab Kayf al-Haal idha lam yakun khaleefah, there is a hadeeth which
)says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him
told them to withdraw from people when calamities strike, and he
said, even if you have to bite onto the root of a tree. Please

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explain this hadeeth and tell us what the scholars said about it.
Praise be to Allaah.
In al-Saheehayn and elsewhere and this version was narrated by alBukhaari it is reported from Abu Idrees al-Khawlaani that he heard
Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan say: The people used to ask the
Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
about good things, but I used to ask him about bad things, fearing
that I would live to see such things. I said, O Messenger of Allaah, we
were in a state of ignorance (jaahiliyyah) and evil, then Allaah sent us
this good (i.e., Islam). Will there be any evil after this good? He said,
Yes. I said, Will there by any good after that evil? He said, Yes, but
it will be tainted. I said, How will it be tainted? He said, (There will
be) some people who will guide others in a way that is not according
to my guidance. You will approve of some of their deeds and
disapprove of others. I said, Will there be any evil after that good?
He said, Yes, there will be people calling at the gates of Hell, and
whoever responds to their call, they will throw them into it (the Fire).
I said, O Messenger of Allaah, describe them to us. He said, They
will be from among our people, speaking our language. I said, What
do you command me to do if I live to see such a thing? He said,
Adhere to the jamaaah (group, community) of the Muslims and their
imaam (leader). I asked, What if there is no jamaaah and no leader?
He said, Then keep away from all those groups, even if you have to
bite (eat) the roots of a tree until death overtakes you whilst you are
in that state.
The time does not refer to this particular period we are living in; it is a
general idea which may refer to any time and place, from the time of
the fitnah and rebellion against Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased
with him) at the time of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with
them all), onwards.
What is meant by keeping away or withdrawing from people at the
time of division is what was mentioned by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar (may
Allaah have mercy on him) in al-Fath, narrating from al-Tabari, who

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said: when the people do not have an imaam (leader) and they split
into sects and parties, do not follow any of these groups; keep away
from all of them if possible, lest one fall into evil. When there is a
jamaaah that is truly following the Straight Path, then you have to
join them and help to increase their numbers, and cooperate with
them in truth, because in that case this group constitutes the
jamaaah of the Muslims for that man in that place.
And Allaah is the source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet
Muhammad and his family and companions and grant them them
peace.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah, 3/95

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