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TECHNOLOGY TO THE FORE

CURRENT TRANSFORMERS
FOR OUT-DOOR USE (72.5 kV TO 420 kV)
SWI TCHGEAR
C O M P L E X
TECHNOLOGY TO THE FORE
SWI TCHGEAR
C O M P L E X
1 HOOD
2 METALLIC BELLOW
3 CORE WITH SEC. WINDING
4 PRIM. TERMINAL
5 HOUSING
6 PORCELAIN INSULATOR
7 COND. BUSHING
FIG. 1
INTRODUCTION
A large quantity of Crompton Greaves Current Transformers upto 420 kV have
been put into service in various environments in many countries since 1984
where they are operating satisfactorily.
Type CT and Type IOSK CTs are of live tank type with rated voltage of 72.5 to 420 kV.
All our Current Transformers (72.5 to 420 kV) adhere to the requirements of
the quality standards and scope of supply of ISO 9001.
DESIGN
Current Transformers (CTs) are used to transform high voltage line current
to a low standard value.
In our live tank type of current transformers, the primary winding consists
of aluminium sections accommodated in the top housing. The primary
winding is rigid, concentric and distributed uniformly around the insulated
secondary winding in order to have optimum mechanical endurance against
short circuit forces. Fig. 1 shows the basic construction of a CT. The CTs can
be equi pped wi th si ngl e or mul ti pl e pri mary turns. Fi g. 2 shows a
schematic diagram of the connections. The primary windings are terminated
on the sides of the top housing with provisions for convenient primary ratio
changeover. Fig.3 shows a typical primary ratio changeover arrangement.
The cores and secondary windings are enclosed in a well contoured, rigid
aluminium shell which is fully insulated from the top housing. The secondary
leads are taken to the base of the CT through an oil impregnated paper (OIP)
i nsul ated condensor bushi ng. The i nsul ati on structure i s speci al l y
desi gned to have a uni form drop of el ectri c fi el d radi al l y as wel l as
longitudinally across the bushing. This is achieved by specially contoured
electrodes, uniform insulation around the electrodes and fine potential
grading along the bushing. High quality insulating kraft paper is used for
insulation. The paper insulation is dried under heat and vacuum and
impregnated with oil to achieve excellent insulation as well as ageing
properti es. The fully assembled CTs are dried and oil filled under vacuum in
evacuated heating chambers.
CONSTRUCTION
Brown glazed porcelain of shed profile as per IEC 815 is used. Gray porcelains
or variant shed profiles can also be supplied on order. The porcelains are
cemented to aluminium alloy flanges on both sides with portland cement for
providing optimum mechanical strength.
The top housing is made of corrosion resistant aluminium alloy, form
fitted to the internal active body. The insulated primary and secondary
wi ndi ngs are assembl ed i n the top housi ng. Pri mary termi nal s, wi th
ratio changeover arrangements are accessible on the sides. Stainless
steel bellow mounted at the top compensates for expansion / contraction of
oil due to ambient temperature variations. Thus the CT is hermetically sealed
and free from abnormal internal pressures under normal operation. The
bellow position viewed through the window on the bellow cover indicates
8 METALLIC SHELL
9 MULTI TERML. MONOBLOCK
10 SEC. TERML. BOX
11 RATING & SCHE.PLATE
12 SEC. TERMINALS
13 GLAND PLATE
14 OIL INDICATOR
1
2
3
4
P1 P2
5
6
8
14
7
9
10
11
12
13
the operational status and the oil level in the CT. An oil filling plug is provided at
the top of the bellow. The fully encapsulated CT is impervious to rain, snow and
ice and can sustain considerable temperature variations.
High quality CRGO grade silicon steel cores of wound ring type are used.
Several cor es of vari ous accuracy cl asses and bur dens can be
accommodated i n one CT to meet di fferent meteri ng and protecti on
requirements. The secondary winding is uniformly distributed over the
ci rcumf er ence of the cor e. Thi s mi ni mi ses the r eactance of the
winding and helps in obtaining accurate transformation ratio.
The CT base structure is made of hot dip galvanised steel. The secondary
terminal box, oil sampling valve and earthing pads are provided on the base.
Main lifting lugs and mounting holes are also provided on the base. To pro-
vide stability during lifting and for erecting up from prone position, two addi-
tional lugs are provided on the top housing.
TESTS AND PERFORMANCE
The performance and reliability of these Current Transformers has been verified
at renowned international testing laboratories like KEMA (Netherlands) and
CPRI (India). The CTs are type tested for short circuit performance,
temperature rise, partial discharge etc. as per IEC 44-1 - 1996 (Formerly IEC
185 - 1987).
TRANSPORT
Al l CTs shal l be transported i n hori zontal posi ti on onl y. For further
details please refer to the instruction manual.
MAINTENANCE
The pr oduct i s sel f contai ned, mai ntenance f r ee and does not
require spares. For regular and periodic checks on the equipment, please
refer the instruction manual supplied with the CTs.
FIG. 4
FIG. 3
FIG. 2
MAX.
MIN.
b1
P2
a2
a1
L2
L1
A
R
C
I
N
G

D
I
S
T
A
N
C
E
1 TURN
DESIGN
1:2 TURN
DESIGN
1:2:4 TURN
DESIGN
CX
1S1 1S2 2S1 2S2 3S1 3S2 4S1 4S2 5S1 5S2
E
P1 P2
Power Systems
A Business Unit of Crompton Greaves Ltd.
Inst. Trans. & Bushing Divn.
Switchgear Complex
A-3, MIDC, Ambad, Nashik - 422 010 India
Tel: (+91) 253 382271 Ext 107/108/110
Fax: (+91) 253 382219/381247
E-mail: exports@cglmail.com (Exports)
mktg@cglmail.com (General)
URL: www.cgswgear.com
Regd. Office : 6th Floor, CG House, Dr. Annie Besant Road, Prabhadevi, Mumbai - 400 025, India.
Data subject to change
The Thapar Group
CG-S&C/EXP/Cat.No. IT-108/3/01/2000
Quality through care. Care through quality.
1. TYPE DESIGNATION : CT 72.5/140/325 IOSK 123/230/550 IOSK 145/275/650 IOSK 170/325/750 IOSK 245/460/1050 IOSK 420/630/1425
2. HIGHEST SYSTEM VOLTAGE : kV 72.5 123 145 170 245 420
3. ONE MIN. POWER : kV 140 230 275 325 460 630
FREQUENCY WITHSTAND
VOLTAGE (DRY & WET)
4. 1.2/50 s IMPULSE
WITHSTAND VOLTAGE : kVp 325 550 650 750 1050 1425
5. 250/2500 s SWITCHING : kVp NA 1050
SURGE WITHSTAND VOLTAGE
(DRY & WET)
6. APPLICABLE STANDARD : IEC 44-1 - 1996 (Formerly IEC 185 - 1987)
7. ONE MIN. (PF) WITHSTAND
VOLTAGE ON SECONDARY
WINDINGS
- METERING CORE : kV 3
- PROTECTION CORE : kV 3
8. RATED FREQUENCY : Hz 50/60
9. RATED PRIMARY CURRENT : A 50 - 2000
10. RATED SECONDARY CURRENT : A 1 OR 5
11. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
RANGE : C -25 TO 50
12. ALTITUDE : m UPTO 1000
13. SEISMIC ACCELERATION : g 0.3
14. SHORT TIME THERMAL : kA/s 31.5 / 1 & 3 40 / 1 & 3 Sec.
WITHSTAND CURRENT /
DURATION
15. DYNAMIC WITHSTAND : kA 78.75 100
CURRENT
16. CANTILEVER LOAD : kg 300 700 600 300
17. TOTAL CREEPAGE DISTANCE : mm 1810 3075 3625 4250 6125 10500
18.ARCING DISTANCE : mm 795 1300 1400 2080 3150
19. DIMENSIONS L1 mm 1530 2070 2110 2895 4240
L2 mm 2175 2755 2780 3595 5220
20. MOUNTING DIMS A1 mm 560 560 600 600 700
A2 mm 670 645 685 685 785
B1 mm 600 665 665 765 1000
21. TOTAL WEIGHT (APPROX.) : kg 350 450 275 690 1450
22. QUANTITY OF INSULATING OIL : kg 85 100 100 165 370
23. OIL LEVEL INDICATION : STAINLESS STEEL BELLOW PROVIDED AT THE TOP
24. PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE : STAINLESS STEEL BELLOW PROVIDED AT THE TOP
25. PROVISION FOR : STAINLESS STEEL BELLOW PROVIDED AT THE TOP
COMPENSATION OF OIL
VOLUME EXPANSION
26. TYPE OF SECONDARY : CLIP ON STUD TYPE
TERMINAL BLOCKS
OPTIONALS
TYPE DESIGNATION : CT 72.5/140/325 IOSK 123/230/550 IOSK 145/275/650 IOSK 170/325/750 IOSK 245/460/1050 IOSK 420/630/1425
HIGHEST SYSTEM VOLTAGE : kV 72.5 123 145 170 245 420
1. RATED THERMAL CURRENT A UPTO 2500 (FOR k=1)
2. ALTITUDE : m UPTO 1500
3. SEISMIC ACCELERATION : g 0.3 / 0.5
4. CREEPAGE : mm/kV 25/31 25/31/35 25/31 25 31/35 25