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Green Architecture and Construction

Beyond Green Architecture (version 2010)

Green Architecture
and Construction
by
Professor Dr. Soontorn Boonyatikarn

Center of Excellence
Building & Environmental Technology
School of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University

Professor Dr. Soontorn Boonyatikarn


- 2000 Thailand Best Researcher Award
- 2004 Thailand Best Energy Conserving Person
Present Position:
- Professor of Architecture
- Director : Center of Excellence - Building and
Environmental Technology Faculty of Architecture,
Chulalongkorn University
Awards:
- ASHRAE Regional Award 2002 – 2003
- Best Practice Asian Energy Award 2003
- Gold Medal with Mention Brussels Eureka 2000
- TTF Award 2545

Prof. Dr. Soontorn Boonyatikarn 1


Green Architecture and Construction

“Bio-solar home”
A truly green architecture
[design for sustainable solution]

Bio-solar home

THE WINNER OF ASEAN ENERGY AWARD 2004


ASHRAE REGIONAL TECHNOLOGY AWARD (2002 - 2003)
ASHRAE THAILAND CHAPTER AWARD (2002 - 2003)

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Green Architecture and Construction

“Bio-solar home”
No Greenhouse gas pollution
No Heat pollution
No Noise pollution
No Visual pollution
No Air pollution
No Water pollution
No Waste pollution
No Toxic pollution
WITH all human need [comfort]

Innovation of Bio-solar home

30%

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Green Architecture and Construction

Advantage of Bio-solar home


62
62

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Green Architecture and Construction

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Green Architecture and Construction

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Green Architecture and Construction

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Green Architecture and Construction

Architectural Best Practice 1

Buildings Codes & Energy Awards 2 3 4

Research and Development in Energy Integration 5 6 7 8

The Paradigm Shift in Architecture 9 10

Bio-
Bio-solar home

3 Periods Paradigm shift

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Green Architecture and Construction

Beyond GREEN architectural concept


New
New construction
construction techniques
techniques
New
New design
design integration
integration concept
concept

Reduce
Reduce (1)
(1) cost
cost (2)
(2) time
time (3)
(3) energy
energy
Maintain
Maintain (4)
(4) good
good quality
quality of
of life
life

““Eco-home”
Eco-home”

Exterior view of Eco-home.

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Green Architecture and Construction

Reduce COST and TIME

Fl.1 (5) Ground floor [5 days]


(4) Ground beam [9 days]
(3) Ground column [5 days] 30
(2) Footing [6 days] days
(1) Pile [5 days]
Typical house

Fl.1
(2) Footing and ground
floor [5 days] 7
(1) Pile [2 days]
days
Eco-home

Reduce COST and TIME


Typical (6) Ceiling [4 days]
house (5) Roof tiles [5 days]
(4) Purlin [5 days]
(3) Steel member
Fl.2
structure [4 days]
(2) Roof beam [8 days]
33
days
(1) Column [7 days]
Fl.1
Eco-home

(2) Roof panel [2 days]


3
Fl.2
(1) Wall panel [1 days]
days
Fl.1

Reduce roof construction process from 33 to 3 days.

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Green Architecture and Construction

FL. 3

FL. 2 FL. 2

FL. 1
A FL. 1
B

Create parking space without column.

Temperature at the inside surface ceiling (April)


o
Temperature ( F) Temperature at the inside surface ceiling (April) o
Temperature ( C)
107 41.7
Typical house Eco-home
105 Typical house 40.6

103 39.4

101 38.3

99 37.2

97 36.1

95 35.0

93 33.9

91 Eco-home 32.8

89 31.7

87 30.6

85 29.4

83 28.3

81 27.2

79 26.1

77 25.0
1:00
2:00
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0:00
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Green Architecture and Construction

Reduce A/C Energy


A/C Energy reduction design concept
q = u * a * Δt………peak load (1)
Q = U * S/A * ΔT….load/area (2)

E = U * S/A* ΔT * 1/COP…energy/area (3)

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Green Architecture and Construction

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Green Architecture and Construction

Glazing material properties. Reduce U-value

Properties

Brick wall 4 inch. Cebau wall Wall panel


8 inch. 6 inch.
U-value 0.63 0.08 0.04
(Btu/h ft2 OF)
R 1.58 12.23 24.92

Heat transfer from west wall [April]


2 2
(W/m ) (Btu/hr.ft )
90 28.5

4" Brick wall


75 23.7

60 19.0

45 14.2

30 9.5
8" Cebau wall

15 6" Wall panel 4.7

0 0.0
01 03 05 07 09 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 01 03 05 07 09 11
Time
Brick 4" ทิศตะวันตก 8" Cebau wall 6" Wall panel

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Green Architecture and Construction

Selected proper glazing


Glazing material properties.

Properties

6mm Clear Green laminated Green heat stop


single glass glass glass
U-value(summer) 1.06 1.06 0.30
(Btu/h ft2 OF)
SC 0.86 0.60 0.45
L/T 0.96 0.60 1.40
STC 29 30 34
Inside surface 26 45 32
temperature (OC)
UV Transmittance 86 0.02 0.005

THE SOLAR SPECTRUM OF GLASS

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Green Architecture and Construction

Heat through different types of glass

6mm Clear
single glass

Green
laminated glass

Green heat stop


glass
Btu/hxft2
Radiation with direct sun Radiation with diffuse sky
Conduction with direct sun Conduction with diffuse sky

Reduce S/A

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Green Architecture and Construction

U1 = 0.6 Btu/hxft2x°F
U2 = 0.04 Btu/hxft2x°F
U2 = 0.04 Btu/hxft 2x°F
o 35 C 35 oC

35 oC
25 oC
25 oC

ΣUA = 0.6 x 2 + 0.04 x 2 ΣUA = 0.04 x 8

= 1.28 Btu/hx°F = 0.32 Btu/hx°F

Reduce ΔT

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Green Architecture and Construction

Reduce Energy Consumption

Q = U * S/A * ΔT * 1/COP

Typical house Eco-home


0.65 * 3 * 14(1.8)* 1/3.5 0.08 * 2 * 7(1.8)* 1/4.3
14.04 0.46

difference 30 times

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Green Architecture and Construction

Typical house Eco-home

The comparison of the cooling load of the Eco-home to a typical house.

Typical house Eco-home

The comparison of cooling load of the Eco-home to a typical house.

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Green Architecture and Construction

Maintain
Maintain good
good quality
quality of
of life
life

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Green Architecture and Construction

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Green Architecture and Construction

Conclusion
Reduce
Reduce COST
COST :: from
from 3.6
3.6 MB
MB toto 2.5
2.5 MBMB
Reduce
Reduce TIME
TIME :: from
from 256
256 to
to 56
56 days
days
Reduce
Reduce ENERGY
ENERGY :: 55 times
times
Maintain
Maintain :: good
good quality
quality of
of life
life

“Eco-home”

Beyond
Beyond green
green architecture
architecture &&
Truly
Truly sustainable
sustainable solution
solution

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Green Architecture and Construction

Cummulative ennegy consumption cost in 30 years


30,000
Bio-Solar Home Eco-home
Typical house Millenium Home
25,000

20,000
(Baht/sq.m.)

15,000

10,000

5,000

0
year-00 year-10 year-20 year-30

-5,000
Figure 15: Cumulative
Bio-Solar Home energy cost Eco-home
in 30 year.
Typical house Millenium Home

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Green Architecture and Construction

Figure 17: Diamond home at DNA resort and spa Khao Yai.

Figure 18: Igloo home at DNA resort and spa Khao Yai

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Green Architecture and Construction

Figure 19: Bio-sphere at DNA resort and spa Khao Yai.

O2

CO2

H2O

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