Sunteți pe pagina 1din 36

Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer

Angelicum College
Quezon City
Workbook in
Computer Education 1
Lesson 1
Getting to Know the Computer
Prepared by:
Ms. Kharisma F. Vicente
Computer Facilitator
1
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Hello! Welcome my dear learners!
Computers hae been part o! the "ies o! most
peop"e# they are !ound eerywhere$ %hey are becoming more
and more popu"ar in our homes# schoo"s# banks# and many
other p"aces$ &ur day to day actiities ino"e the use o!
computer$ We get in!ormation !rom computers$ 'ae you
seen a computer( )re you !ami"iar with its part( *o you
know why computer is used in schoo"# o+ce# banks and
other p"aces( *o you think it is important to "earn how
computer works(
) Computer is a machine that he"ps man does his
work easier$ ,t is run by e"ectricity$ Without e"ectricity#
computer wi"" not work$ Computers a"so wi"" not work with
e"ectricity a"one# it needs peop"e who wi"" work and operate
them$ %hat is why peop"e shou"d "earn how to take care and
make use o! computers$
,n this "esson# you are going to "earn eerything
about computers$ -earning how computers work wi"" he"p
you understand how they contribute to the conenience o!
your dai"y "i!e$ ,n one second# the computer may doub"e or
trip"e what you can do$ ."ink your eye and in that instant#
computers may hae done so many things a"ready$ /ou wi""
understand that peop"e use computers in their workp"ace so
2
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
they can 0nish their work !aster$ Knowing how to use your
computer wi"" gie you the adantage o! getting ahead$
To better understand the lesson, continue reading
the module but before proceeding to the discussion lets go
and answer the pretest.
Pretest
Directions 1atch co"umn ) with co"umn .$ Write your
answers in your notebook$
Co"umn ) Co"umn .
1$ 1ouse a$
2$ CP3 b$
4$ 1onitor c$
3
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
5$ Keyboard d$
6$ Printer e$


1$ d 2$ a 4$ c 5$ b 6$ e
Where criteria do you !a""( ,! you got:
!" #$cellent7 8ust continue reading the modu"e and answer
the rest o! the actiities the best way you can$
%"& Very 'ood! /ou hae some ideas about the "esson$
1"(elo) 'ood! 8ust continue reading the modu"e to hae
better understanding$
4
How did you fnd the pretest?
Lets see if your answers are correct.
Refer to the answers below.
Compute
r(
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Now, let us defne what a computer is.

*his is ho) a com+uter loo,s li,e

5
Com+uter
9 is an e"ectronic machine that reads data#
process data and produces in!ormation which can
be stored !or !uture use$ ,t has seera" parts and
each per!orms a speci0c !unction$
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
%here are di:erent ways on how you can use the
computers$ 'ere are some o! the things a computer can do:
1$ ) com+uter a""ows us to type "etters and
numbers $
2$ ) com+uter a""ows us to add and subtract number
!aster and simp"er$
6
ABC
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
4$ ) com+uter a""ows us to draw and paint
pictures$
5$ ) com+uter a""ows us to p"ay games$
7
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
6$ ) com+uter a""ows us to print co"or!u" materia"s "ike
books
and posters$ $
id you understand the di!erent ways of using the
computers and how they ma"e life easier for you? Lets go
answer the acti#ity that follows.
Directions ;i"" in the b"anks with the correct answer$
1$ ) computer a""ows us to type <<<<<<<<<< and
numbers$
2$ ) computer a""ows us to add and subtract <<<<<<<<<<
!aster and simp"er$
4$ ) computer a""ows us to <<<<<<<<<< and paint
pictures$
5$ ) computer a""ows us to <<<<<<<<<< games$
8
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
6$ ) computer a""ows us to print co"or!u" materia"s "ike
<<<<<<<<< and posters$
Lets fnd out if your answers are correct.
$ompare your answers with mine.
1$ "etters 2$ numbers 4$ write 5$ p"ay 6$
book
-et see where criteria you !a""$ ,! you got
!" Very 'ood! /ou !u""y understand the uses o! computers$
/ou can go on reading$
-"& 'ood! /ou =ust need to reiew !or the item you made
most o! your mistakes# then read the rest o! the actiities the
best way you can$
%"1 'ood! 8ust continue reading the modu"e to hae better
understanding$
. Fair! *on>t be discouraged$ E?ert more e:ort and "et us
"earn more$
Computers today are used in di:erent ways and in
di:erent p"aces$ 'ere are
some p"aces where
computers are being used$
1. Com+uter at
Home
9
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
;ami"ies can use the computer to p"ay games# watch moies#
or =ust "isten to the music$
%. Com+uters in /chools
-earners use computers to
study their "essons$
-. Com+uters in /ho+s
@a"espersons use
computers to scan
the prices o!
grocery items$
10
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
-. Com+uters in the Hos+itals
*octors use
computers to know
each the patient>s
i""ness$

&. Com+uters in the 0an,s
.ank te""ers use
computers to record
transactions in the
bank$
11
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions ;ind the !o""owing words in the bo?$
Words are written horizonta""y and ertica""y$ 3se a
red crayon$
1. H1M#
%. /CH11L
-. /H1P
&. H1/P2*AL
!. 0A3K
@ ' & P - . ) A K
C B Q % - W . C 8
' & @ P , % ) - W
& - 1 8 1 A / / %
& P ' - * K Q . *
- / @ ' & 1 E B C
12
id you understand the topic discussed? %ou can now
answer the acti#ity below. &n'oy(
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
id you fnd all the words? %ou may refer to my
answers below.
/ou can base your score in the criteria be"ow$ ,! you got:
!" Very 'ood! /ou reca"" the p"aces where peop"e use
computers$ /ou can go on reading$
%"& 'ood! /ou =ust need to search again !or the word that
you did not 0nd# then read the rest o! the actiities the best
way you can$
1" (elo) Fair! *on>t !ee" sad you can sti"" search !or the
other words$ ;ocus and you wi"" "earn more about computers$
@ ' & P - . ) A K
C B Q % - W . C 8
' & @ P , % ) - W
& - 1 8 1 A / / %
& P ' - * K Q . *
- / @ ' & 1 E B C
13
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions *raw and co"or the p"aces where
computers he"p peop"e do their work$
Aote: Daried )nswers
14
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
)ust li"e our body, the computers also need special
care. *e must "now the proper ways of ta"ing care of the
computers. +y reading this module, you will learn ways on
how to care for your computer.
Computers reEuire specia"
c"eaning een on the outside$
Keeping our unit !ree o! dust# dirt#
and "iEuids is the 0rst step in
caring a computer$ 'ere are some
genera" tips that you shou"d
a"ways remember in caring your
computer:
1. Kee+ it clean.



%. Do not e$+ose your com+uter to heat.
15
*on>t !orget to
c"ean your
computer$
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
-. Co4er your com+uter a5ter using it.

&. Do not eat or drin, near your com+uter.
16
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer



!. Put a)ay o(6ects )ith a magnet 5rom the
com+uter.
17
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
id you understand some of the daily dos and
donts that computer users should "now. Now answer the
acti#ities that follow.
Directions Put a check inside the bo?# i!
the statement describes correct use o! computers$
Put a
cross i! it describes wrong use o! computers$
1$ 1ake sure your hands are c"ean be!ore
using a
computer$
2$ /ou can eat and drink near the computer$
4$ Keep a"" magnets away !rom the
computer$
5$ Coer your computer a!ter using it$
6$ E?pose your computer to heat$
18
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
To fnd out how many correct answers did you get
refer
to my answers below.
1$ 2$ 4$ 5$ 6$
-et see where criteria you !a""$ ,! you got
!" Very 'ood! /ou understood the ways on how you can
take care o! your computer$ /ou can go on reading$
%"& 'ood! /ou =ust need to reiew some o! the ways on how
to keep your computer in good condition# then read the rest
o! the actiities the best way you can$
This time you will be familiari,e with the parts of the
computer. - computer has di!erent parts. These parts wor"
together as one. *ithout other parts computer cant wor"
properly. The pictures below are the parts of the computer.
19
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
&ach part of the computer is #ery important. &ach one
has an important wor" to do.
Here are the (asic +arts o5 the com+uter
Monitor
CP7 or Central Processing 7nit

Mouse
20
1onitor a""ows us to see what the
computer is doing$
%he CP3 is the brain o! a computer$
Without it# a computer wi"" not work$
1ouse "ets you point and c"ick at
things shown on the monitor$
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Key(oard
Printer
21
Keyboard is used to type "etters#
numbers# and symbo"s$
Printer a""ows you to print
numbers# "etters# symbo"s# and
pictures on paper$
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Write the missing owe"s to comp"ete
the answer$
1$ %his is used to type "etters# numbers# and symbo"s$
K 8 0 9 D
2$ %his is used to point and c"ick things shown at the
monitor$
M 1 /
4$ %his seres as the brain o! the computer$
C P
5$ %his a""ows us to see what the computer is doing$
M 3 * 9
6$ %his a""ows us to print numbers# "etters# symbo"s# and
pictures on paper$
P 9 3 * 9
22
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
id you complete the words with the correct
#owels? %ou may now compare your answers with mine$
1$ E & ) 2$ 3 E 4$ 3 5$ & , & 6$ , E
'ere are the criteria$ ,! you got:
!" Very 'ood! /ou remembered a"" the parts o! the
computer discussed$ /ou can go on reading$
-"& 'ood! /ou =ust need to reiew !or the numbers you
made most o! your mistakes# then read the rest o! the
actiities the best way you can$
%"(elo) Fair! /ou sti"" hae to reiew the numbers you
encountered di+cu"ty$ ;ocus and you can make it$
23
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Co"or the names and pictures using your
crayons$
24
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Co"or the monitor using your crayons$
25
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Co"or the mouse using your crayons$
Directions Co"or the keyboard using your crayons$
26
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Co"or the CP3 using your crayons$
27
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Directions Co"or the printer using your crayons$
28
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Aote: Daried )nswers
29
) Com+uter is a machine that he"ps man
does his work easier$ ) computer is made up o! parts
where each has assigned work to do yet it works
together as one together with the other parts$ %he
basic parts o! the computer are the 1onitor# Keyboard#
1ouse# CP3 and Printer$ 1ost peop"e use computer as
part o! their work$ ,n order to use it e:ectie"y# you
shou"d use and hand"e the computer proper"y and
aoid things which cou"d harm it$ Cemember that
computers are =ust "ike our body they a"so need
specia" care$
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Lets answer the posttest that follows to fnd out how
well did you understand the lesson. .ood luc"
Posttest
Directions Co"or the happy !ace with and a red crayon i! the
statement is correct and co"or the sad !ace with a green crayon
i! the statement is incorrect$
30
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
L
1. ) computer is a machine that he"ps man
does his work in an easier way$
L
2. ) computer is run by e"ectricity$
L
4$ ) computer a""ows us to type "etters and
numbers$
L
5$ ) computer a""ows us to add and subtract
numbers in a !aster and simp"er way$
L
6$ ) computer a""ows us to draw and paint
pictures$
L
F$ ) computer a""ows us to p"ay games$
L
G$ ) computer a""ows us to print co"or!u"
materia"s "ike books and posters$
31
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
L
H$ ) computer can take medicine$
L
I$ ) computer can ta"k and sing$
L
1J$ ) computer is a human being that can
breathe$
Aow "et>s see what your answers are# and
re!er to my answers be"ow and check i! your
answers are correct$
1. F$
2. G$
32
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
3. H$ L
4. I$ L
5. 1J$ L
Now refer your score to the criteria below/
1. #$cellent7 /ou rea""y e?erted e:ort to accomp"ish this modu"e$
Great =ob7
Aow# you may take the mastery actiities$
:"; Very good! 8ust reiew the "esson where you encountered
mistakes and
tae the master! test i" !ou are rea#!.
<"= 'ood. .ut you need to do the re9en!orcement actiities !or more
e?ercises$ %hen go back to those items you !ai"ed to answer
correct"y$
33
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
! (elo) Fair$ .ut don>t !ee" sorry because you can do better ne?t
time$ Cead the modu"e once again and you may ask he"p !rom
your !aci"itator !or discussion$ 1ore e?ercises are waiting !or you
to be mastered in the modu"e$ *oub"e your e:ort this time and
you can make it7
9e5erences
0oo,s
34
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
Children>s Com+uter Literacy Wor,(oo, Pre+aratory.
1IIF$ Quezon City: Ce? .ook @tore# ,nc$
Gorres# 1a$ 1inera 8$ 2JJG$ Com+uter Conce+ts /eries
1. Quezon City: 8emma ,nc$ Pub"ishing Group$

Aatiidad# ;ara Danessa *$ 2JJG$ Com+uter #ssentials
/eries %. Quezon City: 8emma ,nc$ Pub"ishing Group$
@ta$ ,nes# 8oce"yn G$ 2JJG$ 7sing the Com+uter /eries !$
Quezon City: 8emma ,nc$ Pub"ishing Group$
Whi?,ids Com+uter Literacy Program@ AP Ad4ance
/eries. 2JJ6$ Quezon City: Ce? .ook @tore# ,nc$
/ources 5rom the internet
http:KKwww$cybergardenkids$comK"essons$php
http:KKwebinstitute!orteachers$orgKLgammakeysK-essonK-ess
on1$htm
on"ine games !or keyboarding
35
Lesson 1: Getting to Know the Computer
http:KK!unschoo"$kaboose$comK!unb"asterKgamesKgame<type<
me$htm"
www$c"ipart$com
www$computerhope$com
www$computerimages$com
www$!otosearch$com
www$keytime$com
www$kidsdomain$com
www$webopedia$comK*idyouknow'ardware<so!twareK2JJ2;i
eGenerations$asp
www$wikipedia$com
36