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1

The rate of change of linear momentum is equal to

 

A

active force

 

B

reactive force

C

torque

 

D

work done

2

An air vessel is provided at the summit in a syphon to

 

A

Avoid interruption in the flow

B

Increase discharge

C

Increase velocity

D

Maintain pressure difference

3

A

vertical wall is subjected to a pressure due to one kind of liquid, on one of its

sides. The total pressure on the wall per unit length is (where w = Specific weight of liquid, and H = Height of liquid)

A

wH

 

B

wH/2

C

wH 2 /2

 

D

wH 2 /3

4

The length of the divergent cone in a venturimeter is convergent cone.

that of the

A

Equal to

 

B

Double

C

Three to four times

D

Five to six times

5

The coefficient of discharge for an external mouthpiece depends upon

A

velocity of liquid

B

pressure of liquid

C

area of mouthpiece

D

length of mouthpiece

6

A

vessel of 4 m 3 contains oil which weighs 30 kN. The specific weight of the oil is

A

4.5

kN/m 3

B

6 kN/m 3

C

7.5

kN/m 3

D

10 kN/m 3

7

The critical depth meter is used to measure

 

A

velocity of flow in an open channel

B

depth of flow in an open channel

C

hydraulic jump

D

depth of channel

8

two -stage compressor takes in air at 1.1bars and discharges at 20 bars. For maximum efficiency, the intermediate pressure is

A

A

10.55 bars

 

B

7.33 bars

C

5.5

bars

D

4.7 bars

9

An error of 1% in measuring head over the apex of the notch (H) will produce an

error of

 

in discharge over a triangular notch

 

A

1%

B

1.50%

 

C

2%

D

2.50%

10

The pressure of fluid due to hammer blow is

 

A

directly proportional to density of fluid

B

inversely proportional to density of fluid

 

directly proportional to

 

inversely proportional to

C

(density) 1/2 of fluid

D

(density) 1/2 of fluid

11

A body floating in a liquid is said to be in neutral equilibrium, if its metacentre

A

coincides with its centre of gravity

B

lies above its centre of gravity

C

lies below its centre of gravity

D

lies between the centre of buoyancy and centre of gravity

12

A flow through an expanding tube at constant rate is called

A

steady uniform flow

B

steady non-uniform flow

C

unsteady uniform flow

D

unsteady non-uniform flow

13

Select the wrong statement

 

A

An equivalent pipe is treated as an ordinary pipe for all calculations

B

The length of an equivalent pipe is equal to that of a compound pipe

 

The discharge through an

 

The diameter of an equivalent

C

equivalent pipe is equal to that of a compound pipe

D

pipe is equal to that of a compound pipe

14

The velocity through a channel of circular section will be maximum when the

depth of water is

the diameter of the circular channel.

A

0.34

times

B

0.67

times

C

0.81

times

D

0.95

times

15

The purpose of a surge tank is

 
 

to control the pressure variations

   

A

due to rapid changes in the pipe line flow

B

to eliminate water hammer possibilities

 

to regulate flow of water to

   

C

turbines by providing necessary retarding head of water

D

all of the above

16

The value of bulk modulus of a fluid is required to determine

A

Reynold's number

B

Froude's number

 

C

Mach number

D

Euler's number

17

A

weir, generally, used as a spillway of a dam is

 

A

narrow crested weir

B

broad crested weir

C

Ogee weir

D

submerged weir

18

The total pressure on the top of a closed cylindrical vessel competely filled up with a liquid is

A

directly proportional to (radius) 2

B

inversely proportional to (radius) 2

C

directly proportional to (radius) 4

D

inversely proportional to (radius) 4

19

When the Mach number is more than 6, the flow is called

 

A

sub-sonic flow

B

sonic flow

C

super-sonic flow

D

hyper-sonic flow

20

The discharge through a convergent mouthpiece is

the discharge

through an internal mouthpiece of the same diameter and head of water.

A

equal to

B

one-half

C

three fourth

D

double

21

In order to avoid tendency of separation at throat in a venturimeter, the ratio of the diameter at throat to the diameter of pipe should be

A

1/16 to 1/8

B

1/8 to 1/4

C

1/4 to 1/3

D

1/3 to 1/2

22

A

channel is said to be of most economical cross-section, if

 
 

it gives maximum discharge for a

   

A

given cross-sectional area and bed slope

B

it has minimum wetted perimeter

C

it involves lesser excavation for the designed amount of discharge

D

all of the above

23

The specific gravity of water is taken as

 

A

0.001

B

0.01

C

0.1

D

1

24

The magnitude of water hammer depends upon the

A

elastic properties of the pipe material

B

elastic properties of the liquid flowing through the pipe

C

speed at which the valve is closed

D

all of the above

25

The force present in a moving liquid is

 

A

inertia force

B

viscous force

C

gravity force

D

all of these

26

In

a lock gate, the reaction between two gates is (where P = Resultant pressure

on the lock gate, and α = Inclination of the gate with the normal to the side of the lock)

A

P/sinα

B

2P/sinα

C

2P/2sinα

D

P/sinα/2

27

The viscosity of water at 20°C is

 

A

one stoke

B

one centistroke

C

one poise

D

one centipoise

28

The discharge through a channel of rectangular section will be maximum, if

A

its depth is twice the breadth

B

its breadth is twice the depth

C

its depth is thrice the breadth

D

its breadth is thrice the depth

29

A

vertical wall is subjected to a pressure due to one kind of liquid, on one of its

sides. Which of the following statement is correct?

A

The pressure on the wall at the liquid level is minimum.

B

The pressure on the bottom of the wall is maximum.

 

The pressure on the wall at the

   

C

liquid level is zero, and on the bottom of the wall is maximum

D

The pressure on the bottom of the wall is zero.

30

The pressure of the liquid flowing through the divergent portion of a

venturimeter

 

A

remains constant

B

increases

C

decreases

D

depends upon mass of liquid

31

A

point, in a compressible flow where the velocity of fluid is zero, is called

 

A

critical point

B

vena contracta

C

stagnation point

D

none of these

32

In case of flow through parallel pipes,

 

A

the head loss for all the pipes is same

B

the total discharge is equal to the sum of discharges in the various

C

the total head loss is the sum of head losses in the various pipes

D

Both (A) and (B)

33

The metacentric height of a ship is 0.6 m and the radius of gyration is 4 m. The time of rolling of a ship is

A

10.4 s

B

4.1 s

C

5.2 s

D

14.1 s

34

The imaginary line drawn in the fluid in such a way that the tangent to any point gives the direction of motion at that point, is known as

A

path line

B

stream line

C

streak line

D

potential line

35

When a body is placed over a liquid, it will sink down if

A

gravitational force is equal to the upthrust of the liquid

B

gravitational force is less than the upthrust of the liquid

C

gravitational force is more than the upthrust of the liquid

D

none of the above

36

A flow whose streamline is represented by a curve, is called

A

one-dimensional flow

B

two-dimensional flow

C

three-dimensional flow

D

four-dimensional flow

37

A flow whose streamline is represented by a straight line, is called

dimensional flow.

 

A

one

B

two

C

three

D

four

38

A

venturiflume is used to measure

 

A

pressure of liquid

B

discharge of liquid

C

pressure difference between two points in a channel

D

pressure difference between two points in a pipe

39

The specific weight of sea water is

 

that of pure water.

A

same as

B

less than

C

more than

D

none of these

40

When a cylindrical vessel containing liquid is revolved, the surface of the liquid takes the shape of

A

a

triangle

B

a

paraboloid

C

an ellipse

D

none of these

 

41

In a depressed nappe

 
 

the pressure below the nappe is

 

the pressure below the nappe is

A

atmospheric

B

negative

 
 

the pressure above the nappe is

 

the pressure above the nappe is

C

atmospheric

D

negative

 

42

Which of the following is an example of laminar flow?

 

A

Under ground flow

B

Flow past tiny bodies

 

Flow of oil in measuring

     

C

instruments

D

all of these

43

The stability of a dam is checked for

 

A

tension at the base

B

overturning of the wall or dam

C

sliding of the wall or dam

D

all of these

 

44

The body will sink down if the force of buoyancy is liquid displaced.

the weight of the

A

equal to

B

less than

 

C

more than

D

none of the above

 

45

Assertion (A): In general, viscosity in liquids increases and in gases it decreases with rise in temperature. Reason (R): Viscosity is caused by intermolecular forces of cohesion and due to transfer of molecular momentum between fluid layers; of which in liquids the former and in gases the later contribute the major part towards viscosity.

A

Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of

B

Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct

C

A

is true but R is false

D

A

is false but R is true

46

The shear stress developed in lubricating oil, of viscosity 9.81 poise, filled between two parallel plates 1 cm apart and moving with relative velocity of 2 m/s is:

A

20 N/m 2

B

196.2 N/m 2

 

C

29.62 N/m 2

D

40 N/m 2

 

47

The top of the weir over which the water flows is known as

 
 

A

sill or crest

B

nappe or vein

C

orifice

D

none of these

48

When the pressure on a given mass of liquid is increased from 3.0 MPa to 3.5

MPa, the density of the liquid increases from 500 kg/m 3 to 501 kg/m 3 What is the average value of bulk modulus of the liquid over the given pressure range?

A

700 MPa

B

600MPa

C

500MPa

D

250MPa

49

The shear stress distribution for a fluid flowing in between the parallel plates, both at rest, is

     

Maximum at the mid-plane and

A

Constant over the cross-section

B

varies linearly with distance from

 

Zero at the mid-point and varies

   

C

linearly with distance from mid- plane

D

Zero at the plates and varies exponentially to mid-point

50

An imaginary curve drawn through a flowing fluid in such a way that the tangent to it at any point gives the direction of velocity of flow at that point, is known as

A

Flow-contour

B

Line of flow

C

Path line

D

Streamline

51

The losses are maximum in

 

A

Laminar flow

B

Turbulent flow

C

Critical flow

D

Transition flow

52

The equation of continuity holds good when the flow

A

Is steady

B

Is one dimensional

C

Velocity is uniform at all the cross sections

D

All of the above

53

The horizontal component of force on a curved surface is equal to the

A

Product of pressure at its centre and area

B

Weight of liquid retained by the curved area

C

Force on a vertical projection of the curved surface

D

Weight of liquid vertically above the curved surface

54

Density of water is maximum at

 

A

0°C

B

0°K

C

4°C

D

100°C

55

For very great pressures, viscosity of most gases and liquids

A

remains same

B

Increases

C

Decreases

D

Shows erratic behaviour

56

A

liquid compressed in cylinder has a volume of 0.04 m 3 at 50kg/cm 2 and a

volume of 0.039 m 3 at 150 kg/cm 2 . The bulk modulus of elasticity of liquid is

A

400 kg/cm 2

B

4000 kg/cm 2

C

40 x 10 5 kg/cm 2

D

40 x 10 6 kg/cm 2

57

Specific weight of sea water is more that of pure water because it contains

A

Dissolved air

B

Dissolved salt

C

Suspended matter

D

all of the above

58

cohesion between molecules of a fluid is greater than adhesion between fluid and glass, then the free level of fluid in a dipped glass tube will be

If

A

higher than the surface of liquid

B

the same as the surface of liquid

C

lower than the surface of liquid

D

unpredictable

59

Operation of McLeod gauge used for low pressure measurement is based on the principle of

A

Gas law

B

Boyle's law

C

Charles’s law

D

McLeod's law.

60

The speed of sound in a ideal gas varies directly as it’s

A

Absolute temperature,

B

Temperature

C

Density

D

Modulus of elasticity

61

Which of the following manometer has highest sensitivity

A

U-tube with water

B

Inclined U-tube

C

U-tube with mercury

D

micro-manometer with water

62

A piece weighing 3 kg in air was found to weigh 2.5 kg when submerged in water. Its specific gravity is

A

1

B

5

C

7

D

6

63

A

ship whose hull length is 100 m is to travel at 10 m/sec. For dynamic similarity,

at what velocity should a 1:25 model be towed through water ?

 

A

10

m/sec

B

25

m/sec

C

2 m/sec

D

50

m/sec

64

For measuring flow by a venturimeter, if should be installed in

A

Vertical line

B

Horizontal line

C

Inclined line with flow downward

D

In any direction and in any location.

65

In

a free vortex motion, the radial component of velocity everywhere is

A

Maximum

B

Minimum

C

Zero

D

Unpredictable.

66

The region between the separation streamline and the boundary surface of the solid body is known as

A

Wake

B

Drag

C

Lift

D

Boundary layer

67

Principle of similitude forms the basis of

 

A

comparing two identical equipments

B

designing models so that the result can be converted to

C

comparing similarity between design and actual equipment

D

performing acceptance tests.

68

For similarity, in addition to models being geometrically similar to prototype, the following in both cases should also be equal

A

ratio of inertial force to force due to viscosity

B

ratio of inertial force to force due to gravitation

     

all the four ratios of inertial force

C

ratio of inertial force to force due to surface tension

D

to force due to viscosity, gravitation, sur-face tension, and

69

Cavitation will begin when

 

A

The pressure at any location reaches an absolute pressure equal to the saturated vapour pressure of the liquid

B

pressure becomes more than critical pressure

C

Flow is increased

D

Pressure is increased

70

A

hydraulic press has a ram of 15 cm diameter and plunger of 1.5 cm. It is

required to lift a weight of 1 tonne. The force required on plunger is equal to

A

10

kg

B

100 kg

C

1000 kg

D

1 kg

71

Bernoulli equation deals with the law of conservation of

A

Mass

B

Momentum

C

Energy

D

Work

72

Two pipe systems can be said to be equivalent, when the following quantities are same

A

friction loss and flow

B

length and diameter

C

flow and length

D

friction factor and diameter

73

The fluid forces considered in the Navier Stokes equation are

A

gravity, pressure and viscous

B

gravity, pressure and turbulent

C

pressure, viscous and turbulent

D

gravity, viscous and turbulent

74

Reynolds number is significant in

 

A

supersonics, as with projectile and jet propulsion

B

full immersion or completely enclosed flow, as with pipes,

C

simultaneous motion through two fluids where there is a surface of

D

all of the above

75

Froude number is significant in

 
     

full immersion or completely

A

supersonics, as with projectile and jet propulsion

B

enclosed flow, as with pipes, aircraft wings, nozzles

 

simultaneous motion through two fluids where there is a surface of

   

C

dis-continuity, gravity forces, and wave making effect, as with ship's hulls

D

all of the above

76

The equation of continuity holds good when the flow

A

is steady

B

is one dimensional

C

velocity is uniform at all the cross sections

D

all of the above

77

According to Bernoulli's equation for steady ideal fluid flow

A

principle of conservation of mass holds

B

velocity and pressure are inversely proportional

     

the energy is constant along a

C

total energy is constant throughout

D

stream-line but may vary across streamlines

78

The total energy of each particle at various places in the case of perfect incompressible fluid flowing in continuous stream

 

A

Keeps on increasing

B

Keeps on decreasing

C

remains constant

D

may increase/decrease

79

Hydrometer is used to determine

 

A

specific gravity of liquids

B

specific gravity of solids

C

specific gravity of gases

D

relative humidity

80

In

a forced vortex, the velocity of flow everywhere within the fluid is

A

non-zero finite

B

minimum

C

zero

D

maximum

81

A

piece of metal of specific gravity 7 floats in mercury of specific gravity 13.6.

What fraction of its volume is under mercury ?

 

A

0.5

B

0.4

C

0.515

D

0.65

82

Flow occurring in a pipeline when a valve is being opened is

A

steady

B

unsteady

C

laminar

D

rotational

83

An ideal flow of any fluid must satisfy

 

A

Pascal law

B

Newton's law of viscosity

C

boundary layer theory

D

continuity equation

84

Flow of water in a pipe about 3 metres in diameter can be measured by

A

orifice plate

B

venturimeter

C

rotameter

D

pitot tube

85

Total pressure on a 1mx1m gate immersed vertically at a depth of 2 m below the free water surface will be

A

1000

kg

B

4000

kg

C

2000

kg

D

8000

kg

86

Select the correct statement

 
 

Local atmospheric pressure

 

Standard atmospheric pressure is

A

depends upon elevation of locality only

B

the mean local atmospheric pressure at sea level

 

Local atmospheric pressure is

 

A barometer reads the difference

C

always below standard atmospheric pressure

D

between local and standard atmospheric pressure

87

Consider the following statements pertaining to a centrifugal pump:

1.The

manometric head is the head is developed by the pump

2.The

suction pipe has, generally, a larger diameter as compared to the discharge pipe.

3. The suction pipe is provided with a foot valve and a strainer. delivery pipe is provided with a foot valve and a strainer.

4.The

A

1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct

B

1 and 2 are correct

 

C

2 and 3 are correct

D

1 and 3 are correct

 

88

The convergent divergent pipe with inlet outlet diameters of 20cm and 15cm carries oil whose specific gravity is 0.8. if the velocity of oil at entry is 2.5m/s, the velocity of oil at exit and flow rates are

A

4.42m/s, 62.8Kg/s

B

4.42m/s, 52.8 Kg/s

 

C

62.8m/s, 4.42Kg/s

D

42m/s, 52.8Kg/s

 

89

A dirty sample of water when tested was found that the volume is decreased by 1% with an increase in pressure of 180 bar. The bulk modulus of this sample is

A

1.8 bar

B

18000bar

 

C

18 bar

D

1800 bar

 

90

The rain drops are spherical because of

 

A

Surface tension of water

B

Capillarity of water

 

C

Incompressibility of water

D

None of the above

 

91

what is the pressure increase required to reduce the volume of water by 2%.

Assume modulus of elasticity for water 2.2 X 10 6 KPa

 

A

440

bar

B

480

bar

C

380

bar

D

280

bar

92

The analysis of laminar boundary layer by Blasius is based on

 

A

Exact analysis of boundary layers

B

Parabolic velocity distribution

C

Logarithmic velocity distribution

D

1/7 power of velocity distribution

93

Within boundary layer the pressure

 
 

Remains constant and has same

   

A

value as that at the edge of the boundary

B

Is atmospheric

 

C

Varies linearly with the thickness of the boundary layer

D

Is same as approaching flow

94

Aging of pipes causes

 

A

Decreases absolute roughness

B

Increases absolute roughness

C

Increases discharge for same head

D

Decreases discharge for same head

95

In

a laminar flow of liquid down an inclined plane , the surface velocity is

0.3m/s. the average velocity of flow in m/s is

 

A

 

0.2

B

0.225

C

 

0.15

D

0.1

96

The minimum value of friction factor f in a laminar flow through a circular pipe

is

A

0.025

B

0.032

C

 

0.05

D

0.064

97

A

circular pipe carrying oil at Reynolds number 100. If the discharge is tripled ,

the power input will be

 

A

3

times of original

B

9 times of original

C

d/ 3 of original

D

Increases by 100%

98

The pressure drop in 8 cm diameter and 15cm length of pipe is 75 KN/m 2 . The

shear stress at the pipe in KN/m 2

 

A

 

0.2

B

2

C

4

D

6

99

The maximum velocity in a pipe when flow is laminar occurs at

A

Top of pipe

B

Centre of the pipe

C

Bottom of the pipe

D

Somewhere at the section except at the centre

100

A

20 cm diameter pipe carries an oil of density 900Kg/m 3 . If the shear stress at

the pipe wall is 0.5 N/ m 2 , the head loss in 100m length of pipe is

A

11.35m

B

5.85m

C

8.6m

D

6.8m

101

A

nozzle of 5 cm diameter emits liquid at a velocity 20m/s making an angle 30˚

to the horizontal at the point of maximum height the jet is assumed to be

unbroken, then the diameter of jet is

 

A

5

cm

B

5.4 cm

C

2.6 cm

D

4.7cm

102

The general impulse-momentum principle can be applied if

 

Flow is in compressible or in

 

The fluid is real or ideal

A

compressible

B

C

The energy losses are unknown

D

All the above

103

Bernoulli’s equation takes into account

 

A

Friction loss

B

Loss due to change of friction

C

All type of losses

D

None of the above

104

The forces considered in the derivation of Euler’s equation of motion are

A

Pressure, inertia, and gravity

B

Pressure shear and gravity

 

Pressure, gravity and

   

C

compressibility

D

None of these

105

A

venture meter is preferable to orifice meter because

A

It is cheap

B

It is more convenient

C

Energy loss is less

D

Energy loss is less

106

The velocity at highest point on the cylinder due to uniform flow U is

A

U

B

0

C

U/2

D

2U

107

The pressure on the half body is the same as the static pressure of uniform stream approaching at a location 0 whose value is

A

113˚

B

120˚

C

90˚

D

60˚

108

The continuity equation is mathematical representation of the principle of

A

Conservation of mass

B

Conservation of momentum

C

Conservation of energy

D

All of the above

109

two dimensional flow field is represented by y=x 2 -y 2 , the velocity at point P(1,1) is

A

A

2√2

B

2

C

4

D

8

110

The depth of the centre of pressure from free surface of water in a vertical wall

is

A

2h/3

B

h/3

C

h/2

D

None of these

111

Which of the following is a possibility of dam failure?

 

A

Failure due to sliding

B

Failure due to tension or compression

 

C

Failure due to overturning

D

All of the above

112

A

wooden platform 2m X 2m and 1 m height having sp.gr. =0.5 floats in water.

When a load of 9.81 KN is kept non platform centrally, it will be submerged to a depth of

 

A

0.3m

B

0.75m

 

C

0.375m

D

0.5

113

In

a broad-crested weir, the discharge is maximum if the head of water on the

downstream side of weir is of weir.

the head of water on the upstream side

 

A

equal to

B

one-third

 

C

two-third

D

three-fourth

114

In

a free nappe,

 
 

A

the pressure below the nappe is atmospheric

B

the pressure below the nappe is negative

 

C

the pressure above the nappe is atmospheric

D

the pressure above the nappe is negative

115

1. In a pelton wheel, the bucket peripheral speed is 10m/s, the water jet velocity

is

25m/s and volumetric flow rate of jet is 0.1m/s. If the jet deflection is 120°

and flow is ideal , the power developed is

 
 

A

7.5 kW

B

15 kW

 

C

22.5 kW

D

37.5 Kw

116

A

Large hydraulic turbine is to generate 300 kW at 1000 rpm under a head of

40m. For initial testing a 1:4 scale model of the turbine operates under a head of 10 m. The power generated by model in KW will be

 

A

2.34

B

4.68

 

C

9.38

D

18.75

117

Water at 25°C is flowing through a 1.0 km long G.I pipe of 200mm diameter at

the rate of 0.07m 3 /s. If value of Darcy friction factor for this pipe is 0.02 and

density of water is 1000kg/m 3 , the pumping power (in kW) required to maintain the flow is

 

A

1.8

B

17.4

 

C

20.5

D

41

118

For a Newtonian fluid

 
 

Shear stress is proportional to

 

Rate of shear stress is

A

shear strain.

B

proportional to shear strain.

 

Shear stress is proportional to rate

 

Rate of shear stress is

C

of shear strain

D

proportional to rate of shear

strain

119

Consider an incompressible laminar boundary layer over a flat plate of length L, aligned with the direction of an oncoming uniform free stream. If F is the ratio of drag force on front of the plane to the drag force on rear half then

A

F<1/2

B

F=1/2

C

 

F=1

D

 

F>1

120

Match the following Column I

Column II 1: Axial flow 2: Surging 3: Priming 4: Pure impulse

P: Centrifugal compressor

Q:

Centrifugal pump

R:

Pelton Wheel

S:

Kaplan turbine

A

P-2,Q-3,R-4,S-1

B

P-2,Q-3,R-1,S-4

C

P-3,Q-4,R-1,S-2

D

P-1,Q-2,R-3,S-4

121

Kaplan turbine is

 

A

A high head mixed flow turbine

B

A low axial flow turbine

C

An outward flow reaction turbine

D

An impulse inward flow turbine

122

Specific speed of Kaplan turbine ranges between

 

A

30 to 60

B

60 to 300

C

3 to 6

D

600 to 1000

123

A

multistage pump is to lift 4200 liters/min against a total head of 185m at a

speed of 750 rpm. The specific speed is not exceed 700, the manometric head required per stage will be

A

15.62m

B

18.62m

C

20.12m

D

25.12m

124

A

water turbine develops 130 KW at 230rpm under a head of 16m. The scale

ratio of similar machine which will generate 660 KW when working under a head

of

25 m will be

 

A

D

2 /D 1 =1.4

B

D

2 /D 1 =1.6

C

D

2 /D 1 =1.9

D

D

2 /D 1 =2.4

125

Degree of reaction in for Parson ‘s turbine is equal to

A

 

40%

B

 

50%

C

 

60%

D

100%

126

De-Laval turbines are mostly used

 

A

Where low speed are required

B

Small power purpose and low speed

C

Small power purpose and high speed

D

Large power purpose

127

In modern steam turbine the steam rate is nearly

 

A

1Kg/kWhr

B

2

Kg/kWhr

C

4

Kg/kWhr

D

8

Kg/kWhr

128

Forced draught fan delivers air at 10 m/s against a draught of 25mm water across the fuel bed on grate. The total draught developed by force fan will be

A

 

310

N/m 2

B

 

250

N/m 2

C

 

300

N/m 2

D

 

305

N/m 2

129

isentropic heat drop in the nozzle of an impulse steam turbine with nozzle efficiency 0.9, blade velocity rati0o 0.5 and mean velocity 150m/s in KJ/Kg is

A

 

50

B

 

40

C

 

60

D

 

75

130

In Kaplan turbine runner the number of blades is generally

A

2

TO 4

B

8

TO 16

C

4

TO 8

D

16 TO 24

131

A

multi stage pump is to lift 4200 litre/min against a total head of 185m at speed

of 750rpm. The specific speed is not to exceed 700, the manometric head

required per stage will be

 

A

15.62m

B

18.62m

C

20.12m

D

25.12m

132

A

plot between power generated in MW and time is known as

A

Load curve

B

Load duration curve

C

Load factor

D

Demand curve

133

The angle of taper on draft tube is

 

A

Greater than 15

B

Greater than 8

   

C

Greater than 5

D

Less than 8

134

In

reciprocating pump cavitation occurs during delivery stroke at

 

A

The beginning of the stroke

B

end of the stroke

 

C

middle of the stroke

D

Both (A) and (B)

135

In

a single acting reciprocating pump the work saved in friction due to fitting of

air vessel is

 
 

A

32.90%

B

50%

 

C

65%

D

84.80%

136

Two identical pumps in all respects and each is capable to deliver Q m 3 /s against the head of H are connected in parallel , the resultant discharge is

 

A

2Q against a head of 2H

B

Q against a head of 2H

 

C

2Q against a head of H

D

2Q against a head of H/2

137

A

Pump delivers 100 lt/s at a head of 25 m when running at 1500 rpm. A

homologous pump delivers 100 lt/s at 12.5m will have a specific speed of

 

A

10

B

41

 

C

20

D

82

138

Inlet angle of centrifugal pump is designed to get

 
 

A

relative velocity vector in radial directioin

B

absolute velocity vector in radial directioin

 

C

velocity of flow to be zero

D

peripheral velocity of flow to be zero

139

Specific speed of a turbine is

 
 

A

greater than actual speed

B

less than actual speed

 

C

equal ro actual speed

D

None of the above

140

Three main characteristics of of water turbine are

 

A

unit power, unit discharge, and unit speed

B

unit power, unit discharge, and unit head

 

C

power developed, flow rate, and head

D

None of the above

141

For a model and prototype turbine, the following parameters are common

 

A

unit speed

B

unit discharge

 

C

unit power

D

all of the above

142

The water turbines may be arranged in following decreasing order of sepecific speed as

A

Propeller, Francis, Pelton

B

Pelton, Francis, Kaplan

C

Kaplan, Pelton, Francis

D

Francis, Kaplan, Pelton

143

Francis turbine is a

 

A

an impulse turbine

B

a radial flow impulse turbine

C

an axial flow turbine

D

a radial flow reaction turbine

144

In all reaction turbines, for maximum efficiency

 

A

the velocity of swirl at entry must be zero

B

the velocity of swirl at outlet must be zero

 

the velocity of flow at entry must be zero

 

the velocity of flow at exit must be

C

D

zero

145

The efficiency of a jet of water having a velocity V striking a series of vertical plates moving with velocity U is maximum when

A

U=2V

B

U=V/2

C

3V/2

D

4V/3

146

Fluid is a substance that

 
 

cannot be subjected to shear forces

 

always expands until it fills any

A

B

conitainer

C

has the same shear stress.at a point regardless of its motion

D

cannot remain at rest under action of any shear force

147

A fluid is said to be ideal, if it is

 

A

inviscous and incompressible.

B

incompressible

C

inviscous

D

inviscous and compressible

148

If no resistance is encountered by displacement, such a substance is known as

A

fluid

B

ideal fluid

C

gas

D

perfect solid

149

The property of a fluid which enables it to resist tensile stress is known as

A

compressibility

B

cohesion

C

surface tension

D

adhesion

150

When the flow parameters at any given instant remain same at every point, then flow is said to be

A

quasi static

B

steady state

C

laminar

D

uniform

1.

A

Plate having 10 cm 2 area each side is hanging in the middle of a room of 100m 2 total surface

area. The plate temperature and emissivity are respectively 800 K and 0.6. The temperature and emissivity values for the surfaces of the room are 300 K and 0.3 respectively. Boltzmann’s constant = 5.67 × 10 -8 W/ m 2 K 4 . The total heat loss from the two surfaces of the plate is

A

 

13.66

W

 

B

27.32

W