Sunteți pe pagina 1din 5

KONGU ENGINEERING COLLEGE

PERUNDURAI ERODE-638 052


DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND
ENGINEERING


GPS AND GSM BASED
ACCIDENT ZONE DETECTION



NARMATHA.S S.NANDHINI
III BE CSE III BE CSE
CONTACT NO 8526295191 CONTACT NO:852610872
Narmathasomu95@gmail.com nandhinisakthivel21@gmail.com




ABSTRACT
The aim of our work is to find the vehicle accident location by means of
sending a message using a system which is placed inside of vehicle system. The
main purpose is to provide security to the vehicle in very reasonable cost. So in
this work we are using the basic microcontroller PIC16F877A for cost effective
and also for easy understanding. Here we used assembly programming for better
accuracy and GPS and GSM modules which helps to trace the vehicle anywhere on
the globe. The exact location of the vehicle is sent to our remote devices (mobile
phones) using GSM modem.
INTRODUCTION

Road accidents constitute the major part of the accident deaths all over the
world. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), new cars
and its high-tech safety features have helped to lessen auto related deaths over the
past 12 years. Though it credits technology for lessening auto accidents, yet the
IIHS cannot help accusing bad driving behaviors like drunken driving, speeding
and not using seatbelts for still causing major traffic deaths. Automatic vehicle
accident detection and messaging system is an embedded intelligence implanted
into the auto-mobile.
The purpose of the project is to find the vehicle where it is and locate the
vehicle by means of sending a message using a system which is placed inside of
vehicle system Most of the times we may not be able to find accident location
because we dont know where accident will happen. In order to give treatment for
injured people, first we need to know where the accident happened through
location tracking and sending a message to your related one or to the emergency
services. So in this work we are using the basic microcontroller AT89C52 for cost
effective and also for easy understanding. Here we used assembly programming
for better accuracy and GPS and GSM modules which helps to trace the vehicle
anywhere on the globe. The exact location of the vehicle is sent to our remote
devices (mobile phones) using GSM modem.
BLOCK DIAGRAM











EXISTING SYSTEM
An Automatic Accident Detection via Embedded GSM message
interface with Sensor Technology .It can automatically find a traffic accident,
search for the spot and then send the basic information to first aid center within
two seconds covering geographical coordinates, the time and circumstances in
which a traffic accident takes place.
PIC 16F877A
POWER
SUPPLY
LCD DISPLAY
VIBRATION
SENSOR
GSM MODEM
GPS MODULE
GPS software is fitted in the vehicle will now start communicate with the
satellite and get the latitude and longitude values and send the information to the
centralized server. Then the server will search the nearest hospital and send the
accident information to the hospital. The hospital will then be sending the
ambulance to the accident zone. Then the injured people will be saved as soon as
possible. This process will save time in particular for the areas in the outer part of
main zone.

PROPOSED SYSTEM
Our paper describes about the GPS AND GSM BASED ACCIDENT
DETECTION SYSTEM. Now a days it become to know that an accident has
occurred and to locate the position where it is happened. There is no system for
identification and intimation regarding an accident in previous. Later on the SMS
service begins for intimation purpose. GPS and GSM makes the usage for
intimation and identification of accident place. We have got other sensor called
Vibration sensor which is nothing but a force sensor. This Force sensor senses the
vibration that occurs during the accident and the output is given to microcontroller.
The Microcontroller gathers all the information and it gives a signal to the
mobile phone via RS 232 data cable. The RS232 operates at a voltage of +9V to -
9V. The data cable operates at the range of +5v to 0v.The GSM MODEM sends
the message to the other phone through the base station. The message from the
GSM is send to the tower and it reaches the base station.
The signal again reaches another tower which in turn reaches the mobile
phone. Hence, the receiver receives the corresponding message. One GSM Modem
is connected to a microcontroller unit. The signal is send by the microcontroller
unit to the GSM to reach the other phone which will be at the receiver end.
This is how our accident identifier and SMS informer system works out. The
message contains the information with the accident identification and the direction
and the distance from the starting point. GPS and GSM make usage for intimation
and identification of accident place.

CONCLUSION

A working model of Automatic vehicle accident detection and messaging
system using a GPS and GSM modems has been implemented successfully.
The biggest advantage of our research is, whenever the sensor is activated
we will be immediately getting the acknowledgement from GSM modem to our
mobile numbers which are stored in EEPROM, without any delay. This system
locates the accident spot accurately, realizing the automation of accident detection
and messaging system. Consequently, it will save the precious time required to
save the accident victims. Further this system can be implemented using the
vibration sensors as well as the sound sensors, in order to make it more accurate
and efficient to detect an accident.