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165 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 165

6 Anti-Collision
This section contains the following topics:
6.1: Introduction
6.2: Anti-Collision Analysis
6.4: Drill Ahead Rules and Alert Zone
6.5: Graphical Outputs
6.6: Reports
6.8: Reference
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166 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 166
6.1 Introduction
Collision with neighboring wells must be avoided, especially when adjacent wells
are producing. Any unplanned well to well collision is a D&M Zero Tolerance rule.
To protect safety of people at the rig site and the environment, every well design
and execution follows the Anti-Collision analysis performed in Drilling Ofce
software. The results of these computations shall be included into Well Design
File (WDF) and rigorously checked during the well design process.
To ensure a good understanding of the wellbore objectives and Anti-Collision
concerns at the planning phase, it is important for Directional Driller to participate
in pre-job meeting. While drilling the Directional Driller must follow Anti-Collision
monitoring plan and report any issues before the violation takes place.
Anti-Collision planning begins with accurate surveys of the position of the
subject well and all existing wells in the vicinity, as well as a complete set of
proposed well plans for the vicinity. The surveys and well plans are used to
carefully map the relationship of the proposed new well to all existing wells and
any proposed future wells. Drilling Ofce performs an Anti-Collision proximity
analysis of a proposed/planned well (subject well) against the surrounding
(offset) well(s). In addition to the proximity analysis, Drilling Ofce allows the
user to output proximity maps and reports.
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167 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 167
6.2 Anti-Collision Analysis
Anti-Collision analysis consists of the following three steps:
Step 1 Denitive database
Anti-Collision planning begins from collection of the denitive directional
database, that represents the most accurate and current description of all well
paths within the working area. In addition to denitive directional surveys,
Anti-Collision analysis also has consideration for future well plans and still
empty slots. That is why the Drilling Ofce allows to perform Anti-Collision
analysis against proposed future well plans along with the existing offset surveys.
Based on the proximity calculations, the engineer prepares the Anti-Collision
reports and plots that are used to analyze collision risks.
Note
Drilling Ofce ags the close approach situation for the wells that contain
surveys within the database only. Anti-Collision analysis is not complete if any
of the existing wellbores contain incorrect, incomplete or missing surveys. This is
because according to D&M wellbore surveying and Anti-Collision standard, the
Directional Driller has a special responsibility to ensure the count of the well in
vicinity matches the Drilling Ofce well count.
Figure 6-1: Drilling Ofce Anti-Collision calculations
Drilling Ofce differentiates between denitive and non-denitive surveys. While
many surveys might be available in the same borehole (e.g. MWD and Gyro),
only one survey is selected to describe the wellbore prole. More accurate one
is usually selected as denitive. Non-denitive surveys usually are not used for
Anti-Collision analysis. To account for ongoing operations, the Drilling Ofce
differentiate between Final Denitive and Working Denitive surveys - a nal
denitive survey is the most accurate description of the entire well path, while
the "working" denitive surveys are the most accurate description of the well
path to the present TD position.
Step 2 Perform Global Scan
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168 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 168
Global scan is the initial scan made to search the entire database. During
the global scan the Drilling Ofce identies the wells that can be reached
considering the technologies of the current days. That way the Drilling Ofce
lters out the wells that are impossible to collide with. Global scan is performed
at the surface location; subsurface survey data is not used during this step. The
area of 12,500m + MDs* radius is selected around the subject well. All the wells
within this area are called nearby. All the rest wells a classied as single. Only
nearby wells are participated in the next step of Anti-Collision calculations.
Figure 6-2: Global Scan. The DOX Scan radius is automatically set to [12,500
m + measured depth of the subject well]
The dummy survey created for all empty slots during the previous step (Denitive
Database) and future well plans can also be identied as nearby if their surface
location fall into selected area. Particular care needs to be taken that all recently
completed or still drilled wells are updated with the latest Directional Data and
included into Anti-Collision analysis. The nature of the global scan makes it
imperative that eld data is stored in the logical order in the database projects.
Nearby wells that have been stored in different database projects cannot be
scanned against each other.
Step 3 Proximity Calculations
A proximity scan must be performed on all wells that have been identied as
nearby. At this step, the subsurface offset directional data is used to calculate
the distance between subject and each nearby well, called center-to-center
distance. There is a number of ways to calculate the center-to-center distance;
however, not all of them are accepted for use in Anti-Collision calculations. The
Drilling Ofce uses two methods to calculate proximity to the offset well:
Normal Plane method
3D Least Distance Method
Figure 6-3: 3D Least Distance and Normal plane
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169 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 169
The center-to-center is used to analyze the risks during an Anti-Collision
analysis. Different directional companies and some operators have come to
different conditions that would dictate stop the job point, a point where the risks
of collision are considered signicant to stop drilling, assess the risks and make
a new plan of actions that would allow to drill a well safe for the rig personnel
and the environment. These conditions are usually referred to as Rules.
Schlumberger Drill Ahead rules are covered in the following topics and based
on D&M Wellbore Surveying and Anti-Collision Standard 002.
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170 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 170
6.2.1 Normal Plane Method
The normal plane method of computation calculates the close approach by
stepping down each offset trajectory at the user-specied depth intervals.
A measured depth (MD) interval is recommended for the normal plane analysis
method because in horizontal wells, a true vertical depth (TVD) interval may
have several positions within the offset trajectory, creating discontinuous results.
The stepping is performed down the offset trajectory to ensure that the proximity
of the entire offset trajectory is analyzed, and to ensure proper analysis of
perpendicularly approaching wellbores.
At each step (interval) down the offset trajectory, this method scans the subject
trajectory to determine where a plane normal to the subject trajectory intersects
the offset trajectory at the interval point. This scanning method can result in
multiple planes that are all normal to the subject trajectory and all intersect
the offset trajectory at the same point. Multiple solutions usually only occur in
extremely tortuous well paths but are not limited to this type of trajectory.
The minimum (least) distance of all will be reported by the Drilling Ofce as
center-to-center distance for a given scan point.
The proximity line, lying in the normal plane and connecting the intersection points
of the subject trajectory and the offset trajectory, denes the center-to-center
(ct-ct) distance between the trajectories. The azimuth of the proximity line will
reference either north or the high side of the well. If a north reference is used,
the azimuth is computed as the angle between the proximity line (which lies on
the normal plane) and the projection of north onto the normal plane. If high side
is used, the azimuth is computed as the angle between the proximity line and
the projection of high side onto the normal plane at that point in the subject
trajectory (see Figure 6-4).
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171 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 171
Figure 6-4: Azimuth proximity
Note
The normal plane proximity analysis method is the only method that provides
undistorted close approach results on a travelling cylinder diagram (referenced
to the subject well) for all possible well prole geometries.
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6.2.2 Horizontal Plane Method
The horizontal plane method steps down the subject trajectory at the
user-specied depth interval.
A true vertical depth (TVD) interval is recommended for the horizontal plane
analysis method because in highly deviated wells (with inclinations at or
exceeding 90 inclination) it is possible to have multiple penetrations with the
horizontal plane and multiple distances from the same point in the subject
trajectory. Multiple penetrations are also possible within the subject trajectory. A
measured depth interval can also be selected for this analysis, in which case the
corresponding TVD at that MD in the subject trajectory is used as the depth of
interest. A measured depth interval analysis is subject to the same defects as
the TVD interval but, in some instances, can provide smoother results (due to a
consistent interval). However, a given TVD interval in a highly deviated well can
result in rapidly changing proximity distances. If no depth interval is selected,
Anti-Collision Analysis will calculate the proximity at each survey or planning
station in the subject trajectory. At each step down the subject trajectory, the
horizontal line that intersects the subject trajectory and the offset trajectory
denes the ct-ct distance between the trajectories.
In the horizontal plane analysis, the azimuth of the proximity line can reference
either north or the high side of the well. If the north reference is used, the
azimuth is a true north referenced azimuth. If high side is used, the azimuth is
computed as the angle between the proximity line and the projection of high
side onto the horizontal plane.
Note
Horizontal plane method is NOT to be used as an Anti-Collision Analysis tool.
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6.2.3 Strengths and Weaknesses of the Scanning
Methods
Below, compare two methods used by the Drilling Ofce to dene the
Center-to-center distance:
Figure 6-5: 3D Least Distance scanning method
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174 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 174
Figure 6-6: Normal Plane scanning method
Both, 3D Least Distance and Normal Plane methods suffer from different but
distinct weaknesses, and therefore, both methods must be used during the
Anti-Collision scanning process to investigate the potential of collision. As a
result, today the Normal Plane method is used to produce the Traveling Cylinder
plot (discussed later) for graphical visualization of the no-go areas that the bit
shall not cross, while 3D least distance is used to monitor the Anti-Collision
working with the numerical results. The visualization of the Anti-Collision
situation using 3D Least Distance method might distort the scale, and that is
why is not used.
Below is the summary of strengths and weaknesses for each scanning method:
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Table 6-1:
Normal Plane
Strengths Weaknesses
Travelling cylinder plots are undistorted
and depict the true 3-D relative position of
surrounding wells; these plots are especially
useful for forward projections.
Scanning down the offset survey ensures that
no portion of the offset well is missed. This
ability is especially important for detecting
close approaches between wells oriented
perpendicularly.
Will not detect a close well that is passing just
beyond the end of the subject wellbore.
Table 6-2:
Horizontal Plane
Strengths Weaknesses
Limited use as an anticollision tool with
high-angle, designer wells. A spider plot
provides more information for anticollision,
while depicting a horizontal perspective.
Useful for determining relative positions of
formation penetrations that are essentially at.
Extremely distorted travelling cylinder plots.
Table 6-3:
3-D Least Distance
Strengths Weaknesses
Provides the true closest distance between
wellbores for a given position, which is useful
in additional applications (well injection/uid
ow analysis). Anticollision uses are for
blowout intersection for well killing procedures
and for active magnetic ranging anticollision
procedures.
Distorted travelling cylinder plots.
Example #1:
In this example, the subject and offset wells are within 120ft away at the Subject
well TD. While Normal plane does not show any indication of close approach
situation, the 3D least distance method does. Compare results for both scanning
methods below:
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176 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 176
Figure 6-7: Offset Well Analysis using 3D Least Method
Figure 6-8: Offset Well Analysis using Plane Method
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177 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 177
6.3 Scan Method
The Anti-Collision analysis provides the following three standard methods for
computing separation distances between the subject well and the offset well(s):
3-D least distance
Normal plane
Horizontal plane
The following illustration is provided to assist in understanding the three standard
methods of computing separation distances (see Figure 6-9).
Figure 6-9: Three methods of computing separation distances
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178 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 178
6.3.1 3-D Least Distance Method
The 3-D least distance analysis method calculates the nearest distance to each
offset well by stepping down the subject trajectory at user-specied depth
intervals. A measured depth interval is recommended for this method because in
horizontal wells, a true vertical depth (TVD) interval may have several positions
within the subject trajectory, creating discontinuous results. Once the depth
interval is selected, at each step (interval) down the subject trajectory, this method
scans the offset trajectory to determine a plane that is perpendicular/normal to
the offset trajectory and intersects the subject trajectory at the interval point.
Perpendicular to this plane is a tangent point of a spherical radius, centered on
the interval point in the subject trajectory. Mathematically, this distance is the
shortest (least) distance between the subject trajectory and the offset trajectory.
This process can be visualized as if, at each interval point, it computes the
radius of a sphere centered on the subject trajectory that just touches the offset
trajectory (see Figure 6-10), and denes the center-to-center (ct-ct) distance
between the trajectories.
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Figure 6-10: 3-D least distance method of scanning
The scanning can result in multiple planes all normal to the offset trajectory, while
intersecting the subject trajectory at the same point. In this case, DOX will report
the minimum (least) as a center-to-center distance, as shown in below example.
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Also considered as a possible solution among the multiple solutions are the
end-points of the offset trajectory - surface location and well total depth (TD).
These points are considered solutions even though the end points may not
necessarily t the denition of a plane normal to the offset trajectory.
The proximity line connects the center of the sphere to the tangent point. The
azimuth of the proximity line can reference either north or high side. If the north
reference is used, the azimuth is computed as the angle between the proximity
line and the projection of north onto the normal plane of the subject trajectory. If
high side is used, the azimuth is computed as the angle between the proximity
line and the projection of high side onto the normal plane of the subject trajectory.
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6.4 Drill Ahead Rules and Alert Zone
Schlumberger D&M Anti-Collision Standard follows Drill Ahead Rules as
below. Each of them applies to the planned and drilled well trajectories at all
times.
Rule 1: Surface rule
Rule 2: OSF (Oriented Separation Factor) rule
To avoid hitting other wells, we apply a minimum allowable separation (MAS)
from offset wells for the well path in both rules with the largest MAS value being
dominant. At or near surface, OSF values are unrealistically high, because the
EOUs are very small. The Surface Rule has been implemented to impose a
minimum separation between wells until the OSF Rule MAS value becomes
dominant. The MAS is applied along the offset well and denes the edge of
No-Go Zone as well. If the trajectory or any of the projection indicates center to
center distance is less than MAS, an exemption must be raised.
The Drill Ahead rules are based on minimum allowable separation (MAS) that
must be maintained between subject and the offset well. The calculation of
MAS depends on the service provider or operator and usually programmed
into the directional software. Schlumberger Drilling Ofce contains a number
of pre-dened sets of rules, including some that were developed by the clients.
If client requires their Anti-Collision rules are used, they will be applied along
with the Drill Ahead rules used by Schlumberger; the more conservative of the
two will apply.
The set of Anti-Collision rules is manually selected in Drilling Ofce by the
Drilling Engineer (see below). If no Drill Ahead rules were selected, the
Anti-Collision computation will not be possible.
Figure 6-11: Proximity calculations require a set of Drill Ahead rules selected.
Ensure the correct revision of Drill Ahead rules is used
D&M Anti-Collision Standard S002 denes two rules for MAS calculation: Rule
#1 Surface Rule and Rule #2 OSF Rule. Both rules are applied at all times,
with largest MAs being dominant. Two rules have been used due limitation of
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the OSF near the surface when the EOUs are very small. The Surface Rule has
been implemented to impose a minimum separation between wells until the
OSF MAS becomes dominant.
While drilling the deviations from the plan are possible, the Anti-Collision
analysis identies the area (drilling tunnel) where the chances of collision are
low. The Drilling Ofce calculates the distance, called allowable deviation from
the plan (ADP) that represents a safe zone of deviations in the direction to the
offset well.
= ADP CtCt MAS
where
CtCt
is a center-to-center distance.
Negative or zero ADP means a violation of the Anti-Collision rules.
The results of MAS calculation may vary depending on the proximity scan
method:
Figure 6-12: Anti-Collision calculations using 3D least distance method
Figure 6-13: Anti-Collision calculations using Normal Plane method
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Where the Anti-Collision analysis indicates a violation of the drill-ahead
conditions, the well trajectory must be redesigned and additional analysis
performed. If no other design options are reasonably available, an expert
approver may approve an exemption, depending on specic circumstances and
the risk assessment. Please refer to D&M Anti-Collision Standard 002 and
D&M Appendix to SLB-QHSE-S010 Management of Change and Exemption
Standard for more details.
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6.4.1 Surface Rule
Surface Rule stipulates a single distance value that represents the Minimum
Allowable Separation (MAS) between two wells. MAS for Surface Rule is
always calculated at Well Reference Point (WRP) which is located at the
trajectory position at its point of ground penetration. This will be ground-level
(GL) or mud-line (ML) as appropriate.
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6.4.1.1 MAS Denition Based on Surface Rule
The surface rule applies to all offset wells and allows drilling tunnel or ADP
equal 20% of the well-to-well clearance. The surface rule MAs is capped at 10
meters.
For all offset wells with a MAS@WRP > 10 m, a maximum MAS value of 10 m is
to be used (see Figure 6-14).
Figure 6-14: MAS calculated from a subject well (grey)
Mathematically it can be represented through the following equations:
=

ADP CtCt R R
)
0.2 (
WRP
1
2
where
R
1
= largest hole radius of the offset well
R
2
= subject well radius
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CtCt
WRP
= center-to-center distance at the well reference point
Figure 6-15: Surface MAS
In this case, the following is true:
= + = + + MAS CtCt CtCt R R CtCt R R
[ ( )] ( )
0.2 0.8 0.2
WRP WRP WRP 1 2 1 2
This makes sure there is always separation between offset and subject wells.
The effect is that the offset wells within 10 m of the subject well have a no drill
zone / No-Go Zone of 80% of the initial clearance @WRP (see Figure 6-16).
Thus,
ADP = ct-to-ct MAS
ADP is short for Allowable Deviation from Plan. The MAS is individually
calculated for each offset well. (For example, if there are 12 offset wells on a
platform within 10 m ct-ct of the subject well, there will be 12 individual MAS
values calculated.)
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Figure 6-16: Clearance @WRP and No-Go Zone based on Surface Rule
Below is the example of calculations performed by Drilling Ofce:
Figure 6-17: Example of the Drilling Ofce output
Well 1:
For 30 holes and
= CtCt ft 17.30( )
, MAS is calculated by the following way:
= + + = + + MAS CtCt R R
( ) ( )
0.8 0.2 0.8 17.3 0.2
WRP 1 2
30"
2
30"
2
= + = + =
+
MAS ft
( )
13.84 0.2 * 13.84 0.5 14.34
15 15
12
Compare this result to the results in Figure 6-15 above.
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188 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 188
Well 2:
For the holes radius,
= = R R 30"
1 2
and
= CtCt 79.29
, MAS is calculated
by the following way:
= + + = + + MAS CtCt R R
( ) ( )
0.8 0.2 0.8 79.29 0.2
WRP 1 2
30"
2
30"
2
= + = + =
+
MAS ft
( )
63.43 0.2 * 63.43 0.5 63.93
15 15
12
Due to capped surface rule MAS, the nal MAS for the Well 2 equals to 10
meters or 32.81 feet.
From above, it is clear that MAS is calculated separately for each of the offset
wells. Calculated at the surface, Surface MAS of the same value is applied to
sub-surface depths (see Figure 6-15) until OSF rule becomes dominant.
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189 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 189
6.4.2 OSF (Oriented Separation Factor) Rule
The OSF rule uses a probabilistic approach for Anti-Collision analysis.
Historically, the industry came to a number of different calculations that were
based on the ratio between well-to-well clearance and the cumulative uncertainty
between two wells:
= Separation Factor _
Clearance
Cumulative Uncerta y _ int
For example, traditional separation factor (often SF) used the semi-major axes
of two borehole EOUs to calculate the cumulative uncertainty:
=
+
SF
Clearance
Semi Major Semi Major _ _
well well 1 2
Unfortunately, this method of calculation did not provide the same probability of
collision for the same separation factor used.
Compare scenario below. On the right, we turned one of the EOU semi-major
axis by 90 to be positioned away from us. Note the difference in EOU
separation; the greater it is-the less chances of collision.
Figure 6-18: The probability of collision based on the same traditional
separation factor may vary
To analyze the risks of a collision, Schlumberger uses an Oriented Separation
Factor (OSF). Regardless, of situations, provided the same OSF, it guarantees
the same probability of a collision. Instead of geometrical sum of EOUs, the OSF
uses relative positional uncertainty between subject and the offset well:
= OSF
Clearance
lative Positional Uncerta y Re _ _ int
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While it is often believed that RELATIVE positional uncertainty above is a
geometrical sun of two EOUs along the probability line, this is not true. OSF is a
probabilistic analysis. Dening the boundaries of relative positional uncertainty,
the calculation does not deal with the sizes of two ellipsoids of uncertainty. The
Anti-Collision is concerned with the possible position of the subject and offset
well RELATIVE to each other; that is why ABSOLUTE uncertainties are not
used for Anti-Collision analysis.
To comply with Wellbore Surveying and Anti-Collision Standard, Relative
Positional Uncertainty in Drilling Ofce is calculated using 95% of condence
level and 3D. These setting are default as long as set of latest Schlumberger
drill ahead rules was selected.
The boundary of the drill ahead rules are selected based on OSF=1.5 To comply
with the standard, all offset wells must satisfy OSF greater, but not equal, a value
of 1.5 at all analysis points.
The MAS for OSF rule can further be calculated as follows:
= =
+
OSF 1.5
MAS R R
lative Positional Uncerta y
( )
Re _ _ int
1 2
or
= + + MAS lative Uncerta y R R
( )
1.5 Re _ int
1 2
where as previously
R
1
= largest hole radius of the offset well,
R
2
= subject
well radius
Since relative positional uncertainty is not a constant value, OSF based MAS
also varies and represent an area that must not be entered unless approved
during exemption process.
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191 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 191
Figure 6-19: Along red NO-GO line the OSF=1.5
Alert System
To warn the Directional Driller about the approaching risks, Drilling Ofce was
built using an Alert system. Any well that entered Alert zone must be monitored
while drilling.
The Drill Ahead rules consist of Surface and OSF rules; both are implemented at
all times, however only one is dominant. The dominating Controlling rule will
dene the Alert Status in Anti-Collision Analysis (shown in red below).
Table Drill Ahead Rules are shown in red:
For example, if the Surface rule is dominant and MAS=8m, the drilling must
cease before center-to-center distance ahead of the bit equals 8m.
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192 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 192
If the OSF rules is dominant and MAS = 25m for OSF=1.5, the drilling must
cease before center-to-center distance ahead of the bit becomes equal 25m.
However, if you were to monitor Anti-Collision based on MAS computations
using DD Toolbox, you would nd that MAS value, unlike Surface rule, would
change from station to station. Instead, it is easier to monitor a threshold that
is a constant value, like OSF=1.5. MAS and ADP for OSF rule is monitored
graphically by use of TC plot.
The Anti-Collision monitoring plan is always tied to alert status:
Under ALERT condition a details Anti-Collision report must be analyzed and
included in the well design le (WDF). Traveling cylinder plot shall be used at the
appropriate scale to identify the wells that are at the risk of the collision.
A MINOR risk well is an offset well where the 1<OSF<=1.5. At the planning stage,
if the Anti-Collision analysis indicates a minor risk well, the well trajectory must
be redesigned and analysis repeated. Where no other reasonable option exists,
the drilling engineer will follow the exemption process. The plan may be allowed,
if the expert approver grants permission once all risks are carefully examined.
While drilling in MINOR zone the Anti-Collision analysis is concerned with where
the bit is going to be rather where the bit has been. If the projection ahead of the
bit indicates a violation of the minor alert status, the drilling must cease.
A MAJOR risk well is an offset well where OSF<=1 or center-to-center distance
is equal or below surface MAS. When approaching a Major well (OSF dominant),
it means you already have an exemption. Generally, the exemption for a minor
risk well does not allow drilling if the well were to become classied as Major.
Drilling into a MAJOR risk area is considered as technical collision; it requires
additional permissions and risk analysis performed. If projection ahead of the
bit indicates a violation of Major risk boundary, the Directional Driller must stop
Private
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193 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 193
operations. The well must be re-designed to attain a minor risk status. The
exemption process must be repeated again and approval received before
allowing a bit to cross that boundary.
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194 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 194
6.4.3 The Drill ahead Rules
The Surface Rule and OSF rule each apply a MAS for the well path. Surface
Rule MAS is based on geometrical clearance between two wells. OSF Rule
MAS is based on separation with relative positional uncertainty between two
wells (see Figure 6-20).
Figure 6-20: Surface Rule MAS (Grey) and OSF Rule MAS(Red)
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195 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 195
At or near surface, OSF Rule is not suitable, as EOU sizes are very small.
However, the most common well collision problems are found at surface. That is
where Surface Rule is often dominant (see Figure 6-21).
Figure 6-21: Surface Rule is dominant
If the wellbore trajectory fails either the Surface or OSF Rules by entering the
No-Go zone created by surface rule or OSF >1.5 rule is not allowed without an
approved exemption. Drilling MUST STOP (see Figure 6-22).This is applied to
the calculation at the survey point, projection to the bit and minimum 60m (180 ft)
projection ahead.
Figure 6-22: Violation of Drill ahead Rule MUST STOP
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6.5 Graphical Outputs
There are two types of graphical outputs from Anti-Collision Analysis results:
Traveling cylinder plot
Spider plot
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197 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 197
6.5.1 Traveling Cylinder Plot
Traveling cylinder plot is not unique to Schlumberger and used for Anti-Collision
purposes by the oil industry since 1968. The main advantage of the traveling
cylinder plot is its ability to clearly and accurately display drilling tolerances or
drilling tunnel. Drilling Ofce Traveling Cylinder is produced using Normal plane
scanning method. The azimuth of the proximity line on the traveling cylinder plot
are referenced to the north. It is computed as an angle between proximity line
and north direction projected onto normal plane.
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198 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 198
All depths that appear on the traveling cylinder plot are the measured Depths of
the PLANNED trajectory. While drilling, the real trajectory is plotted relative to
the plan. The proximity to the offset wells is monitored by comparing the position
of the projections against the NO-GO zones. The NO-GO circles are plotted for a
particular depth around offset trajectories with the radius equal MAS that was
calculated using Normal Plane method. That is why NO-GO circles for traveling
cylinder are based on either Surface or OSF rule, whichever dominates at that
point. The area between the center of the traveling cylinder plot and the NO-GO
circle is a drilling tunnel or ADP. The tolerance lines can be drawn connecting
the NO-GO circle edges for the same depths to form a NO-GO envelope. Refer
to Anti-Collision Procedures for more information on traveling cylinder plot
and tolerance lines.
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199 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 199
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200 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 200
6.5.2 Spider Plot
The spider plot is a horizontal projection that shows wells in a given area as if
the earth were transparent (see ). The well paths can be shown with TVD depth
markers, indicating the TVD depth at a particular location. The spider plot depicts
the true relationship of wellbores to each other.
Figure 6-23: Spider Plot
Note
Intersection of two wells is not necessarily the closest point.
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201 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 201
The spider plot can be congured to show both the surveys and the slot positions
in a zoomed view (see Figure 6-24)
Figure 6-24: Surveys and slot positions on spider plot
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202 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 202
6.6 Reports
There are two numerical types of the Anti-Collision report produced using Drilling
Ofce. Both of them can be produced using 3D least or Normal Plane scanning
method:
AC Summary reports
AC Detailed reports
The graphical visualization of the drilling tunnel is available using travelling
cylinder plot. The Drilling Ofce produces North referenced traveling cylinder plot
that is based on the Normal Plan scan method. It is primary tool for monitoring
Anti-Collision at the rig site.
AC Summary Report
The Anti-Collision summary report is performed for every well and is a part of
the well design le. It contains the depths of the subject well where the any of
the alert lines is crossed as well as risk (status) associated with each offset
well. This report is used to reduce the number of wells to be examined if the
alert status was bridged.
Refer to Appendix A for example of the AC summary report.
AC Detailed Report
The detailed Anti-Collision report is required for any offset well , which was
reported under ALERT during summary scan. The detailed report can be
customized to include additional elds to aid the Anti-Collision analysis (e.g.
MAS, ADP, Controlling Rule, Status). It contains a description of the offset survey
including depths of the subject and the offset wells where the alert boundaries
were crossed, the survey programs used for Anti-Collision analysis, Anti-Collision
rules and corresponding alerts used.
Refer to Appendix B for example of the AC details report.
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203 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 203
6.7 Appendix
Appendix B- Example of the Detailed Anti-Collision report
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204 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 204
Appendix B- Example of the Detailed Anti-Collision report
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205 Drilling Ofce X (DOX) Technical Manual / Anti-Collision 205
6.8 Reference
1. Schlumberger Wellbore Surveying and Anti-Collision Standard S002
(InTouch #3897199).
2. Anti-Collision Procedures, Rev 4.01(InTouch #3308166).
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