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C APITALIZATION W HO /W HOM H OMOPHONES ENG100BC

CAPITALIZATION

WHO/WHOM

HOMOPHONES

ENG100BC

CAPITALIZATION

Always capitalize the first word in a direct quote.

The manager yelled, “Be quiet or get out!”

When a quote is broken, the second part is not capitalized unless it is a new sentence.

“Let’s not,” he stated, “make any quick decisions.”

second part is not capitalized unless it is a new sentence. “Let’s not,” he stated, “make

CAPITALIZATION

Capitalize a person’s name (or initials) and any

title that comes before the name.

At that point Senator H.B. Jones and Doctor Joyce

Ray entered the room.

Always capitalize the days of the week and months of the year. Do NOT capitalize the

seasons. His birthday is Friday, October 2, but mine is in

the summer.

week and months of the year. Do NOT capitalize the seasons. His birthday is Friday, October

CAPITALIZATION

Always capitalize the names of races,

nationalities, languages, and religions.

The African-American man was a Baptist and the

Spaniard was a Catholic.

Capitalize words describing the Deity God, the Savior, the Lord, Jehovah and holy books

Catholics study the Bible.

words describing the Deity – God, the Savior, the Lord, Jehovah – and holy books Catholics

CAPITALIZATION

Do not capitalize the nonspecific use of the word “god.”

The word “polytheistic” means the worship of more than one god.

Always capitalize geographical areas, but not

directions.

He found the pace of life slower in the South than

in the North.

He was traveling south on the interstate.

not directions. He found the pace of life slower in the South than in the North.

CAPITALIZATION

Capitalize the first word and other important words in the name of abook, play, poem, or

song.

Jerry’s favorite book is The Catcher in the Rye. Capitalize the name of historic events and

periods. Do not capitalize century numbers. It is often said that World War II ushered in the

Atomic Age.

events and periods. Do not capitalize century numbers. It is often said that World War II

CAPITALIZATION

Capitalize the names of specific buildings,

specific places, specific organizations, and

specific things.

Radio City Music Hall is located in New York City.

specific places, specific organizations, and specific things. Radio City Music Hall is located in New York

EXERCISE 20.1 CAPITALIZATION 1. At the turn of a new century and a new Millennium,

many people reflected on historical changes that had taken place in the previous hundred years.

millennium

2. In the late 1990s, Americans began making lists

reflecting their choices of the greatest Events,

Literature, people, and Films of the century. events, literature, films

reflecting their choices of the greatest Events, Literature, people, and Films of the century. events, literature,

EXERCISE 20.1 CAPITALIZATION 3. Most Americans would agree that the two World Wars

shaped the twentieth century and this country’s role in

it.

world wars

4. List makers might, however, dispute the importance

of Ulysses or Gone with the wind.

Wind

5. Between the beginning and the end of the twentieth

century, the United States changed from a minor

player in global politics into the single undisputed

World Power.

world power

the United States changed from a minor player in global politics into the single undisputed World

EXERCISE 20.1 CAPITALIZATION 6. Technology also advanced dramatically in the century

of television, the apollo space missions, and personal computers.

Apollo

7. Of course, technology was sometimes used for evil

purposes, as the holocaust and nuclear weapons

proved.

Holocaust

7. Of course, technology was sometimes used for evil purposes, as the holocaust and nuclear weapons

EXERCISE 20.1 CAPITALIZATION 8. Some people would even argue that a significant

feature of the century was an increasing concern for the environment In the United States, in Europe, and

in parts of the Former Soviet Union, among other

places.

in, former

9. The trend toward urbanization saw people moving from rural areas to cities, with the result in this

country that the great plains grew emptier while the

Coasts’ population increased.

Great Plains, coasts’

in this country that the great plains grew emptier while the Coasts’ population increased. Great Plains,

EXERCISE 20.1 CAPITALIZATION 10. Only historical distance will reveal whether the

twentieth century was “The best of times” or “The worst of times.”

the, the

distance will reveal whether the twentieth century was “The best of times” or “The worst of

YOUR/YOURE; THERE/THEIR/THEYRE; TWO/TOO/TOO; THEN/THAN

You’re too big for your britches.

They’re on their way there.

Please give me two dollars so that I can go to the store too.

If you go then, you will need more money than you currently possess.

two dollars so that I can go to the store too.  If you go then,

WHO VS. WHOM

I love you.

Subject is the person doing something

I am performing the love; therefore I am the subject

Object is having something done to them

You are the object of my affection

the love; therefore I am the subject  Object is having something done to them 

WHO VS. WHOM

Use who when referring to the subject of a clause Who loves you? Use whom when referring to the object of a clause Whom do you love?

subject of a clause  Who loves you?  Use whom when referring to the object

WHO VS. WHOM HE/HIM TRICK

Him and whom both end with the letter m

When trying to choose between who or whom, ask if the answer to the question would be he or him

Who (or whom) do you love?

Answer is I love him, so whom is correct

Who (or whom) broke his heart?

Answer is She broke his heart, so who is correct

him , so whom is correct  Who (or whom) broke his heart ?  Answer

WHO VS. WHOM PRACTICE

should we invite to the party?

Whom

2.

wants ice cream?

Who

3.

do you trust?

Whom

 

left the alligator in the backyard?

Who

2. wants ice cream? Who 3. do you trust? Whom   left the alligator in the

FOR NEXT WEEK

Essay #1

Typed Sentence Outline

Quiz #2 (fragments, run-ons, sentence variety,

capitalization, who/whom, homophones)

Read chapter about Classification & Division

View PowerPoint about capitalization,

homophones, and who/whom

View PowerPoint about introductions, thesis statements, and conclusions

Complete prewrite and plan for compare and

contrast

about introductions, thesis statements, and conclusions  Complete prewrite and plan for compare and contrast