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Comenzi in consola RUN Windows

Pentru utilizatorii WIndows, consola RUN poate fi destul de utila . Cateva comen zi :

Start > run

secpol.msc Setari Securitate services.msc Servicii msconfig Utilitatea de configurare a sistemului regedit Editor Registri msinfo32 Informatii sistem sysedit Editare sistem

win.ini Informatii despre incarcarea OS (similar system.ini) winver Afiseaza versiunea de OS mailto: Deschide clientul de mail predefinit command Deschide linia de comanda MS-DOS

cmd - Deschide Windows Shell

notepad Deschide Notepad calc Deschide calculator compmgmt.msc Computer management devmgmt.msc Device manager diskmgmt.msc Disk management dfrg.msc Defragmentarea sistemului eventvwr.msc Vizualizare evenimente fsmgmt.msc Afiseaza fisierele/folderele puse la share gpedit.msc Afiseaza regulile de grup lusrmgr.msc - Useri si grupuri perfmon.msc Afiseaza statistici/performanta sistemului rsop.msc Resultant set of policies mspaint Deschide Paint

dxdiag Deschide Editorul setarilor multimedia video / audio + teste diagnosticar

e

Daca doriti sa aveti acces rapid la anumite aplicatii le puteti executa din fere astra RUN (Start > Run)

devmgmt.msc = Device Manager msinfo32 = System Information cleanmgr = Disk Cleanup

ntbackup = Backup or Restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)

mmc = Microsoft Management Console

excel = Microsoft Excel (Daca e instalat) msaccess = Microsoft Access (Daca e instalat) powerpnt = Microsoft PowerPoint (Daca e instalat) winword = Microsoft Word (Daca e instalat) frontpg = Microsoft FrontPage (Daca e instalat) notepad = Notepad wordpad = WordPad calc = Calculator msmsgs = Windows Messenger mspaint = Microsoft Paint wmplayer = Windows Media Player rstrui = System Restore netscp6 = Netscape 6.x netscp = Netscape 7.x netscape = Netscape 4.x waol = America Online control = Opens the Control Panel control printers = Opens the Printers Dialog

O lista mica de combinatii de taste folosite mai rar in Windows XP

1. CTRL + Shift in timp ce trageti obiectul va crea o scurtatura.

2. CTRL in timp ce trageti obiectul -

3. ALT + Enter Afiseaza proprietatile obiectului selectat.

4. SHFT+F10 Afiseaza meniul de scurtaturi al obiectului selectat.

5. Windows + U- aprinde Utility Manager.

6. Windows + D- Afiseaza instant desktop-ul.

7. Windows + Break Aprinde fereastra de Proprietati

8. Windows + F + CTRL cautare alte PC-uri.

9. F4 afiseaza lista Address bar in Windows Explorer sau My Computer.

il va copia.

10. F10 Activeaza meniul programului activ

Cateva prescurtari pentru a usura viata in Office Word :

Keystroke

Function

Ctrl + Shift + D Subliniere dubla a textului selectat

Ctrl + ]

Marirea caracterelor textului selectat cu 1

Ctrl + [

Reducerea dimensiunilor caracterelor textului selectat cu 1

Ctrl + Shift + A Activarea caps pe tot textul selectat

Ctrl + =

Activarea/Dezactivarea subscripting pentru textul selectat

Ctrl + +

Activarea/Dezactivarea superscripting pentru textul selectat

Ctrl + Shift + Q Activarea fontului Symbol textului selectat

Ctrl + Shift + N Activarea paragrafului selectat

Ctrl + Alt + 1

Ctrl + Alt + 2

Ctrl + Alt + 3

Ctrl + Shift + L Activarea List Bullet

Ctrl + 0 (zero) electat

In caz ca dintr-un motiv sau altul nu aveti acces in Control Panel, puteti incer ca urmatoarele comenzi, din START - RUN

Adaugarea sau indepartarea unui spatiu deasupra paragrafului s

Activarea Heading 1 paragrafului selectat

Activarea Heading 2 paragrafului selectat

Activarea Heading 3 paragrafului selectat

Majoritatea functioneaza in toate variantele de Windows, desi cele legate de sec uritate, nu functioneaza in 2k/XP

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Control Panel (CONTROL.EXE)

--------------------------------

Control Panel:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL

Accessability Options (ACCESS.CPL)

---------------------------------------

Accessability Properties (Keyboard):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,1 Accessability Properties (Sound):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,2 Accessability Properties (Display):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,3 Accessability Properties (Mouse):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,4 Accessability Properties (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL access.cpl,,5

Add/Remove Programs (APPWIZ.CPL)

-------------------------------------

Add/Remove Programs Properties (Install/Uninstall):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,1 Add/Remove Programs Properties (Windows Setup):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,2 Add/Remove Programs Properties (Startup Disk):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL appwiz.cpl,,3

Display Options (DESK.CPL)

-------------------------------

Display Properties (Background):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,0 Display Properties (Screen Saver):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,1 Display Properties (Appearance):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,2 Display Properties (Settings):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL desk.cpl,,3

Regional Settings (INTL.CPL)

---------------------------------

Regional Settings Properties (Regional Settings):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,0 Regional Settings Properties (Number):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,1 Regional Settings Properties (Currency):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,2 Regional Settings Properties (Time):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,3 Regional Settings Properties (Date):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL intl.cpl,,4

Joystick Options (JOY.CPL)

-------------------------------

Joystick Properties (Joystick):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL joy.cpl

Mouse/Keyboard/Printers/Fonts Options (MAIN.CPL)

-----------------------------------------------------

Mouse Properties:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @0 Keyboard Properties:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @1 Printers:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @2 Fonts:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL main.cpl @3

Mail and Fax Options (MLCFG32.CPL)

---------------------------------------

Microsoft Exchange Profiles (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mlcfg32.cpl

Multimedia/Sounds Options (MMSYS.CPL)

------------------------------------------

Multimedia Properties (Audio):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,0 Multimedia Properties (Video):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,1 Multimedia Properties (MIDI):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,2 Multimedia Properties (CD Music):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,3 Multimedia Properties (Advanced):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl,,4

= Sounds Properties :

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL mmsys.cpl @1

Modem Options (MODEM.CPL)

------------------------------

Modem Properties (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL modem.cpl

Network Options (NETCPL.CPL)

---------------------------------

Network (Configuration):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL netcpl.cpl NT rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL ncpa.cpl

Password Options (PASSWORD.CPL)

------------------------------------

Password Properties (Change Passwords):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL password.cpl

System/Add New Hardware Options (SYSDM.CPL)

------------------------------------------------

System Properties (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,0 System Properties (Device Manager):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,1 System Properties (Hardware Profiles):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,2 System Properties (Performance):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,3

= = =

Add New Hardware Wizard :

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl @1

Date and Time Options (TIMEDATE.CPL)

-----------------------------------------

Date/Time Properties:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl

Microsoft Mail Postoffice Options (WGPOCPL.CPL)

----------------------------------------------------

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Microsoft Workgroup Postoffice Admin:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL wgpocpl.cpl

Open With (File Associations):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL d:pathfilename.ext

Run Diskcopy Dialog:

rundll32 diskcopy.dll,DiskCopyRunDll

Create New Shortcut Wizard:

'puts the new shortcut in the location specified by %1 rundll32.exe AppWiz.Cpl,NewLinkHere %1

Install New Hardware Wizard:

rundll32.exe sysdm.cpl,InstallDevice_RunDLL

Add Printer Wizard:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL AddPrinter

Dial-up Networking Wizard rundll32.exe rnaui.dll,RnaWizard

Open a Scrap Document:

rundll32.exe shscrap.dll,OpenScrap_RunDLL /r /x %1

Create a Briefcase: rundll32.exe syncui.dll,Briefcase_Create

View Printers:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL PrintersFolder

View Fonts:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHHelpShortcuts_RunDLL FontsFolder

Pick a Time Zone Dialog:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL timedate.cpl,,/f

Create Share Dialog NT rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareCreate

Manage Shares Dialog NT rundll32.exe ntlanui.dll,ShareManage

ODBC Data Source Administrator (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL odbccp32.cpl

Themes Properties (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL themes.cpl

TweakUI Dialog (General):

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL tweakui.cpl

Run Format Floppy Dialog:

rundll32.exe shell32.dll,SHFormatDrive - sa vaeti discheta introdusa

An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line

ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file

ARP

Address Resolution Protocol

ASSOC

Change file extension associations

 

ASSOCIAT

One step file association

ATTRIB

Change file attributes

b

 

BCDBOOT

Create or repair a system partition

BOOTCFG

Edit Windows boot settings

BROWSTAT

Get domain, browser and PDC info

c

 

CACLS

Change file permissions

CALL

Call one batch program from another

CD

Change Directory - move to a specific Folder

CHANGE

Change Terminal Server Session properties

CHKDSK

Check Disk - check and repair disk problems

CHKNTFS

Check the NTFS file system

CHOICE

Accept keyboard input to a batch file

CIPHER

Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders

CleanMgr

Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin

CLEARMEM

Clear memory leaks

CLIP

Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.

CLS

Clear the screen

CLUSTER

Windows Clustering

CMD

Start a new CMD shell

CMDKEY

Manage stored usernames/passwords

COLOR

Change colors of the CMD window

COMP

Compare the contents of two files or sets of files

COMPACT

Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition

COMPRESS

Compress individual files on an NTFS partition

CON2PRT

Connect or disconnect a Printer

CONVERT

Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.

COPY

Copy one or more files to another location

CSCcmd

Client-side caching (Offline Files)

CSVDE

Import or Export Active Directory data

d

 

DATE

Display or set the date

DEFRAG

Defragment hard drive

DEL

Delete one or more files

DELPROF

Delete NT user profiles

DELTREE

Delete a folder and all subfolders

DevCon

Device Manager Command Line Utility

DIR

Display a list of files and folders

DIRUSE

Display disk usage

DISKCOMP

Compare the contents of two floppy disks

DISKCOPY

Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another

DISKPART

Disk Administration

DNSSTAT

DNS Statistics

DOSKEY

Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros

DSACLs

Active Directory ACLs

DSAdd

Add items to active directory (user group computer)

DSGet

View items in active directory (user group computer)

DSQuery

Search for items in active directory (user group computer)

DSMod

Modify items in active directory (user group computer)

DSMove

Move an Active directory Object

DSRM

Remove items from Active Directory

e

 

ECHO

Display message on screen

ENDLOCAL

End localisation of environment changes in a batch file

ERASE

Delete one or more files

EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log

EXIT

Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel

EXPAND

Uncompress files

EXTRACT

Uncompress CAB files

f

 

FC

Compare two files

FIND

Search for a text string in a file

FINDSTR

Search for strings in files

FOR /F

Loop command: against a set of files

FOR /F

Loop command: against the results of another command

FOR

Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List

FORFILES

Batch process multiple files

FORMAT

Format a disk

FREEDISK

Check free disk space (in bytes)

FSUTIL

File and Volume utilities

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

FTYPE

Display or modify file types used in file extension associations

g

 

GLOBAL

Display membership of global groups

GOTO

Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line

GPUPDATE

Update Group Policy settings

h

 

HELP

Online Help

i

 

iCACLS

Change file and folder permissions

IF

Conditionally perform a command

IFMEMBER

Is the current user in an NT Workgroup

IPCONFIG

Configure IP

k

 

KILL

Remove a program from memory

l

 

LABEL

Edit a disk label

LOCAL

Display membership of local groups

LOGEVENT

Write text to the NT event viewer

LOGMAN

Manage Performance Monitor

LOGOFF

Log a user off

LOGTIME

Log the date and time in a file

m

 

MAPISEND

Send email from the command line

MBSAcli

Baseline Security Analyzer.

MEM

Display memory usage

MD

Create new folders

MKLINK

Create a symbolic link (linkd)

MODE

Configure a system device

MORE

Display output, one screen at a time

MOUNTVOL

Manage a volume mount point

MOVE

Move files from one folder to another

MOVEUSER

Move a user from one domain to another

MSG

Send a message

MSIEXEC

Microsoft Windows Installer

MSINFO

Windows NT diagnostics

MSTSC

Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)

MUNGE

Find and Replace text within file(s)

MV

Copy in-use files

n

 

NET

Manage network resources

NETDOM

Domain Manager

NETSH

Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access

NETSVC

Command-line Service Controller

NBTSTAT

Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)

NETSTAT

Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)

NOW

Display the current Date and Time

NSLOOKUP

Name server lookup

NTBACKUP

Backup folders to tape

NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights

o

 

OPENFILES Query or display open files

p

 

PATH

Display or set a search path for executable files

PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss

PAUSE

Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message

PERMS

Show permissions for a user

PERFMON Performance Monitor

PING

Test a network connection

POPD

Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD

PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services POWERCFG Configure power settings

PRINT

Print a text file

PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery PRNCNFG Display, configure or rename a printer

PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers set the default printer

PROMPT

Change the command prompt

PsExec

Execute process remotely

PsFile

Show files opened remotely

PsGetSid

Display the SID of a computer or a user

PsInfo

List information about a system

PsKill

Kill processes by name or process ID

PsList

List detailed information about processes

PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing) PsLogList Event log records

PsPasswd

Change account password

PsService View and control services

PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer PsSuspend Suspend processes

PUSHD

Save and then change the current directory

q

 

QGREP

Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.

r

 

RASDIAL Manage RAS connections RASPHONE Manage RAS connections

RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.

REG

Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values

REGEDIT Import or export registry settings REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL

REGINI

Change Registry Permissions

REM

Record comments (remarks) in a batch file

REN

Rename a file or files

REPLACE Replace or update one file with another

RD

Delete folder(s)

RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer

ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy

ROUTE

Manipulate network routing tables

RUN

Start | RUN commands

RUNAS

Execute a program under a different user account

RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

s

SC

SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time

Service Control

SCLIST

Display NT Services

SET

Display, set, or remove environment variables

SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables

SETX

Set environment variables permanently

SFC

System File Checker

SHARE

List or edit a file share or print share

SHIFT

SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file) SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined

SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer

Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file

SLEEP

Wait for x seconds

SLMGR

Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)

SOON

Schedule a command to run in the near future

SORT

Sort input

START

Start a program or command in a separate window

SU

Switch User

SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain

SUBST

SYSTEMINFO List system configuration

Associate a path with a drive letter

t

 

TASKLIST List running applications and services TASKKILL Remove a running process from memory

TIME

Display or set the system time

TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file

TITLE

Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session

TLIST

Task list with full path

TOUCH

Change file timestamps

TRACERT Trace route to a remote host

TREE

Graphical display of folder structure

TYPE

Display the contents of a text file

TypePerf Write performance data to a log file

u

 

USRSTAT List domain usernames and last login

v

 

VER

Display version information

VERIFY

Verify that files have been saved

VOL

Display a disk label

w

 

WHERE

Locate and display files in a directory tree

WHOAMI

Output the current UserName and domain

WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files

WINMSD

Windows system diagnostics

WINMSDP Windows system diagnostics II

WINRM

Windows Remote Management

WINRS

Windows Remote Shell

WMIC

WMI Commands

x

 

XCACLS

Change file and folder permissions

XCOPY

Copy files and folders

::

Comment / Remark

Commands marked are Internal commands only available within the CMD shell. All other commands (not marked with ) are external commands which may be used und

er the CMD shell, PowerShell, or directly from START-RUN.

Start | Run Commands for Windows XP, Vista and Windows 7:

Accessibility Controls access.cpl Accessibility Options control access.cpl Adapter Troubleshooter (Vista/Win7) AdapterTroubleshooter Add Hardware Wizard hdwwiz.cpl Add/Remove Programs appwiz.cpl Add/Remove Programs (Add New Programs) control appwiz.cpl,,1 Add/Remove Programs (Add Remove Windows Components) control appwiz.cpl,,2 Add/Remove Programs (Set Program Access & Defaults ) control appwiz.cpl,,3

Administrative Tools control admintools Advanced User Accounts Control Panel (Vista/Win7) Netplwiz Automatic Updates wuaucpl.cpl Authorization Manager (Vista/Win7) azman.msc

Backup Status and Utility (Vista/Win7) sdclt Bluetooth Transfer Wizard fsquirt Calculator calc Certificate Manager certmgr.msc Character Map charmap Check Disk Utility (XP) chkdsk Clipboard Viewer clipbrd Color Management colorcpl Command Prompt cmd Component Services dcomcnfg Computer Management (XP) compmgmt.msc Computer Management (Vista/Win7) CompMgmtLauncher Control Panel control Credential (passwords) Backup and Restore Wizard (Vista/Win7) credwiz

Date and Time Properties timedate.cpl Device Manager devmgmt.msc Direct X Control Panel* directx.cpl Direct X Troubleshooter dxdiag Disk Cleanup Utility cleanmgr Disk Defragmenter (XP) dfrg.msc Disk Defragmenter (Vista) dfrgui Disk Defragmenter defrag Disk Management diskmgmt.msc Disk Partition Manager diskpart Display Properties control desktop Display Properties desk.cpl Display Properties (Appearance) control color Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility drwtsn32 Driver Verifier Utility verifier Driver Package Installer (Vista/Win7) dpinst DVD Player dvdplay

Event Viewer eventvwr.msc File Signature Verification Tool sigverif Files and Settings Transfer Tool migwiz Findfast findfast.cpl Firewall Control Panel (Vista/Win7) FirewallControlPanel Firewall Settings (Vista/Win7) FirewallSettings Folders Properties control folders Fonts control fonts Fonts Folder fonts

Game Controllers joy.cpl Group Policy Editor (XP Prof) gpedit.msc

IExpress - Turn a cmd/vbs script into an installer .exe file C:\Windows\System32 \iexpress.exe (example) Indexing Service ciadv.msc Internet Properties inetcpl.cpl IP Configuration ipconfig iSCSI Initiator (Vista/Win7) iscsicpl

Keyboard Properties control keyboard

Language Pack Installer (Vista/Win7) lpksetup Local Security Policy secpol.msc Local Users and Groups (XP) lusrmgr.msc Log out logoff

Microsoft Access* msaccess Microsoft Excel* excel Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool mrt Microsoft Paint mspaint Microsoft Powerpoint* powerpnt Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool (Vista/Win7) msdt Microsoft Word* winword Mouse Properties control mouse Mouse Properties main.cpl MSN Messenger* msnmsgr

Network Connections control netconnections Network Connections ncpa.cpl Network Setup Wizard netsetup.cpl Notepad notepad

ODBC Data Source Administrator odbccp32.cpl On Screen Keyboard osk

Paint pbrush Password Properties password.cpl Performance Monitor perfmon.msc Phone and Modem Options telephon.cpl Phone Dialer dialer Power Configuration powercfg.cpl Printers and Faxes control printers Printers Folder printers Private Character Editor eudcedit

Quicktime* QuickTime.cpl Quicktime Player* quicktimeplayer Regional Settings intl.cpl Registry Editor regedit Registry Editor regedit32 Reliability and Performance Monitor perfmon.msc Remote Assistance(Vista/Win7) msra Remote Desktop mstsc Removable Storage ntmsmgr.msc Removable Storage Operator Requests ntmsoprq.msc Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof) rsop.msc

Scanners and Cameras sticpl.cpl Scheduled Tasks control schedtasks Security Center wscui.cpl Services services.msc Shared Creation Wizard shrpubw Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc Shut Down Windows shutdown Software Licensing/Activation (Vista/Win7) slui Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl Sound Recorder (Vista/Win7) soundrecorder Sound Volume (Vista/Win7) sndvol SQL Client Configuration cliconfg Sync Center mobsync Syncronization Tool mobsync

System Configuration Editor sysedit System Configuration Utility msconfig System File Checker Utility (Scan/Purge) sfc System Information msinfo32 System Properties sysdm.cpl System Properties (Vista/Win7) SystemPropertiesAdvanced, SystemPropertiesCompute rName, SystemPropertiesDataExecutionPrevention,SystemPropertiesHardware, SystemPropertiesPerformance,SystemPropertiesProtection, SystemPropertiesRemote

Task Manager taskmgr Telnet Client telnet Trusted Platform Module Initialization Wizard (Vista/Win7) TpmInit Tweak UI* tweakui User Account Management nusrmgr.cpl User Accounts (Autologon) control userpasswords2 Utility Manager utilman

Windows Error Reports wercon Windows Features (Vista/Win7) optionalfeatures Windows Firewall firewall.cpl Windows Firewall with Advanced Security (Vista/Win7) wf.msc Windows Image Acquisition (scanner)(Vista/Win7) wiaacmgr Windows Magnifier magnify Windows Management Infrastructure wmimgmt.msc Windows Mobility Center (Mobile PCs only)(Vista/Win7) mblctr Windows Security Center wscui.cpl Windows System Security Tool syskey Windows Update wupdmgr Windows Update (Vista/Win7) wuapp Windows Update Standalone Installer(Vista/Win7) wusa Windows XP Tour Wizard tourstart Windows Version (About Windows) winver Wordpad write

* = optional component that may not be installed on all machines.

The Macintosh uses an experimental pointing device called a 'mouse.' There is no evidence that people want to use these things

Network Administration

how to use net send command

do the following steps

1. Type services.msc in run box.

2. select messenger service

3.right click and select properties 4.select stratup type as Automatic 5.click on start button, apply,ok.

then use the following net send syntax for sending message

Comenzi Run Windows XP

To Access .

Run Command

Accessibility Controls

access.cpl Accessibility Wizard

accwiz Add Hardware Wizard

hdwwiz.cpl Add/Remove Programs

appwiz.cpl Administrative Tools

control admintools Adobe Acrobat (if installed)

acrobat Adobe Designer (if installed)

acrodist Adobe Distiller (if installed)

acrodist Adobe ImageReady (if installed)

imageready Adobe Photoshop (if installed)

photoshop Automatic Updates

wuaucpl.cpl Bluetooth Transfer Wizard

fsquirt

Calculator

calc Certificate Manager

certmgr.msc

Character Map

charmap Check Disk Utility

chkdsk Clipboard Viewer

clipbrd Command Prompt

cmd Component Services

dcomcnfg Computer Management

compmgmt.msc

Control Panel

control Date and Time Properties

timedate.cpl

DDE Shares

ddeshare Device Manager

devmgmt.msc Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)*

directx.cpl Direct X Troubleshooter

dxdiag Disk Cleanup Utility

cleanmgr Disk Defragment

dfrg.msc Disk Management

diskmgmt.msc Disk Partition Manager

diskpart Display Properties

control desktop Display Properties

desk.cpl Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected)

control color Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility

drwtsn32

Driver Verifier Utility

verifier

Event Viewer

eventvwr.msc Files and Settings Transfer Tool

migwiz File Signature Verification Tool

sigverif

Findfast

findfast.cpl Firefox (if installed)

firefox

Folders Properties

control folders Fonts

control fonts

Fonts Folder

fonts Free Cell Card Game

freecell Game Controllers

joy.cpl Group Policy Editor (XP Prof)

gpedit.msc Hearts Card Game

mshearts Help and Support

helpctr

HyperTerminal

hypertrm Iexpress Wizard

iexpress Indexing Service

ciadv.msc Internet Connection Wizard

icwconn1

Internet Explorer

iexplore Internet Properties

inetcpl.cpl Internet Setup Wizard

inetwiz IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration)

ipconfig /all IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)

ipconfig /displaydns IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)

ipconfig /flushdns IP Configuration (Release All Connections)

ipconfig /release IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)

ipconfig /renew

IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS)

ipconfig /registerdns IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)

ipconfig /showclassid IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)

ipconfig /setclassid Java Control Panel (If Installed)

jpicpl32.cpl

Java Control Panel (If Installed)

javaws Keyboard Properties

control keyboard Local Security Settings

secpol.msc Local Users and Groups

lusrmgr.msc Logs You Out Of Windows

logoff Malicious Software Removal Tool

mrt Microsoft Access (if installed)

access.cpl Microsoft Chat

winchat Microsoft Excel (if installed)

excel Microsoft Frontpage (if installed)

frontpg Microsoft Movie Maker

moviemk Microsoft Paint

mspaint Microsoft Powerpoint (if installed)

powerpnt Microsoft Word (if installed)

winword Microsoft Syncronization Tool

mobsync Minesweeper Game

winmine

Mouse Properties

control mouse Mouse Properties

main.cpl Nero (if installed)

nero

Netmeeting

conf Network Connections

control netconnections Network Connections

ncpa.cpl Network Setup Wizard

netsetup.cpl

Notepad

notepad Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed)

nvtuicpl.cpl Object Packager

packager ODBC Data Source Administrator

odbccp32.cpl

On Screen Keyboard

osk Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed)

ac3filter.cpl

Outlook Express

msimn

Paint

pbrush Password Properties

password.cpl Performance Monitor

perfmon.msc Performance Monitor

perfmon Phone and Modem Options

telephon.cpl

Phone Dialer

dialer

Pinball Game

pinball Power Configuration

powercfg.cpl Printers and Faxes

control printers Printers Folder

printers Private Character Editor

eudcedit Quicktime (If Installed)

QuickTime.cpl Quicktime Player (if installed)

quicktimeplayer Real Player (if installed)

realplay Regional Settings

intl.cpl Registry Editor

regedit Registry Editor

regedit32

Remote Access Phonebook

rasphone Remote Desktop

mstsc Removable Storage

ntmsmgr.msc Removable Storage Operator Requests

ntmsoprq.msc Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof)

rsop.msc Scanners and Cameras

sticpl.cpl Scheduled Tasks

control schedtasks Security Center

wscui.cpl

Services

services.msc

Shared Folders

fsmgmt.msc Shuts Down Windows

shutdown Sounds and Audio

mmsys.cpl Spider Solitare Card Game

spider SQL Client Configuration

cliconfg System Configuration Editor

sysedit System Configuration Utility

msconfig System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately)

sfc /scannow System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot)

sfc /scanonce System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot)

sfc /scanboot System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting)

sfc /revert System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache)

sfc /purgecache System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x)

sfc /cachesize=x System Information

msinfo32

System Properties

sysdm.cpl

Task Manager

taskmgr

TCP Tester

tcptest

Telnet Client

telnet Tweak UI (if installed)

tweakui User Account Management

nusrmgr.cpl

Utility Manager

utilman Windows Address Book

wab Windows Address Book Import Utility

wabmig Windows Backup Utility (if installed)

ntbackup Windows Explorer

explorer Windows Firewall

firewall.cpl Windows Magnifier

magnify Windows Management Infrastructure

wmimgmt.msc Windows Media Player

wmplayer Windows Messenger

msmsgs Windows Picture Import Wizard (need camera connected)

wiaacmgr Windows System Security Tool

syskey Windows Update Launches

wupdmgr Windows Version (to show which version of windows)

winver Windows XP Tour Wizard

tourstart

Wordpad

write net send computername message or if u want to send message to a workgroup/ a domain

net send workgroupname/domain name message

Comenzi RUN Partea 1

Este imposibil sa nu fi auzit de comanda RUN, pe care pana acum ati ignorat-o to tal. Daca v-ati intrebat care este utilitatea ei. Ei bine, de aici puteti lansa actiuni mult mai facil decat daca ati apela la calea clasica. In Windows XP veti putea accesa functia Run dand click pe butonul START, in timp ce in Windows Vis

ta si 7 veti scrie comenzile direct in campul Search, din acelasi meniu START.

1. Testati daca un site este functional

Pentru aceasta comanda trebuie sa introduceti intai cmd in campul Run. Apoi:

a)

tastati comanda ping, impreuna cu adresa www a unui site (de ex. www.google.

ro)

b)

site-ul va fi testat de patru ori. Daca apare mesajul Request timed out sau a

lt mesaj de eroare, puteti trage concluzia ca site-ul nu raspunde, fie este intr erupta conexiunea voastra la internet.

c) daca doriti sa monitorizati un server sau conexiunea la internet, apelati la

comanda ping www.google.ro -t. Veti observa o modificare cand este restaurat sit e-ul sau conexiunea.

2. Accesati toate fisierele partajate cu o singura comanda

Microsoft are cateva comenzi bine ascunse, dar care sunt, de multe ori, foarte u

tile in indeplinirea rapida a unor sarcini cum ar fi gestionarea tuturor fisiere lor partajate intr-o singura fereastra.

a) click pe Start > Run. Tastati fsmgmt.msc si apasati tasta Enter

b) puteti vedea, intr-o singura fereastra, toate fisierele partajate de catre ca

lculator, ce calculatoare sunt conectate, ce fisiere au acelea deschise etc. Put eti chiar sa deconectati sesiuni deschise din aceasta interfata. Instrumentul es te disponibil in toate variantele de Windows, de la XP incoace.

3. Date tehnice despre calculatorul tau

Daca doriti sa aflati informatii legate de configuratia computerului vostru, exi

sta aplicatia DirectX Diagnostics (dxdiag.exe), ce ofera toate informatiile impo rtante despre sistem. Pentru a le afla, urmati pasii urmatori:

a) intrati in Start

b) click pe Run

c) introduceti comanda dxdiag si dati click pe OK

d) dupa generarea raportului, dati click pe butonul Save all information, pentru a salva lista cu datele sistemului vostru.

4. Inlocuirea fisierelor sistem corupte

Principala cauza pentru distrugerea sau modificarea unui fisier al sistemului de operare sunt virusii, iar rezolvarea comuna este formatarea sau reinstalarea si stemului. o metoda mult mai simpla si rapida este inlocuirea fisierelor de siste

m corupte cu cele originale apeland la comanda sfc.exe (System File Checker). Es

te nevoie, in primul rand, sa introducem CD-ul de instalare Windows XP in unitat ea optica, apoi dam click pe Start > Run si comanda sfc / scannow. Fisierele cor upte vor fi inlocuite cu cele originale de pe disc.

5. Informatii despre windows

In timpul procesului de instalare a sistemului de operare ne sunt solocitate anu

mite informatii, printre care un nume de organzatie (Organization Name) si unu d

e

proprietar al sistemului (Owner Name). Informatiile de acest gen apar in Syste

m

Properties > General (click dreapta pe My Computer > Properties) daca utilizam

Windows XP. In cazul variantei Vista si 7 a sistemului de operare, informatiile sunt afisate in fereastra denumita About Windows, pe care o accesam facand urma torii pasi:

1. mergeti la START > RUN si scrieti winver.exe si Enter verificati informatiile si apoi intrati din nou in Run si tastati regedit.

2.

mergeti la HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersio

n

si cautati RegisteredOwner si RegisteredOrganization, in partea dreapta.

3.

acum dati click dreapta pe una dintre cele doua si selectati Modify.

4.

in campul Value Data, schimbati numele actual sau adaugati unul in cazul in c

are nu era niciunul setat si apasati OK.

6. Lansarea managementului de registrii

Editorul Microsoft Registry (regedit.exe) va permite sa vizualizati, cautati si

modificati setari din registrii sistemului vostru de operare ce contin informati

i despre cum functioneaza calculatorul vostru. Puteti utiliza Registry Editor pe

ntru a verifica si modifica registrii, dar, daca umblati pe unde nu trebuie, s-a

r putea sa fie nevoie sa va reinstalati sistemul.

1. Pentru a lansa Regedit.exe dati click pe START si apoi pe RUN.

2. Tastati regedit si dati click pe OK

Windows stocheaza informatii referitoare la configurarea sa intr-o baza de date

denumita registru. Acesta contine profilul fiecarui utilizator al calculatorului

, informatii referitoare la configuratia hardware a sistemului, programe instala

te si setari ale acestora. Deci mare grija la ce modificati, iar, in cazul apari

tiei unei discfunctionalitati, puteti sa remediati situatia apeland la o copie d

e siguranta sau un punct de restaurare a sistemului (System Restore).