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ALIPHATIC AND AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

J.B. BATO
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES-DILIMAN, QUEZON CITY, PHILIPPINES
INSTRUCTOR: J.L. PEREZ


ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS TO CHEMISTRY 31 EXPERIMENT 8:

1. Write the equations for all the tests giving positive results. Classify whether each of the reactions
is a substitution or addition reaction.


(See attached yellow paper)


2. What are the advantages of using steam distillation in extracting limonine?

Steam distillation is a common laboratory mechanism utilized in the extraction of oils from natural
materials. The reason it's good is because it lowers the pressure in the flask so that you don't have
to heat it as high; high temperatures can often decompose organic compounds, so chemists tend
to avoid this when possible.

The boiling point of limonene is 176C, but depending on the pressure you reduce to, you can boil
it at an even lower pressure, which means you don't have to use as much heat to achieve the
distillation.