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Johan Gmez V-25.986.

823
Lista de verbos irregulares

INFINITIVO PASADO PARTICIPIO SIGNIFICADO
arise arose arisen Elevarse, surgir, originarse.
awake awoke awoken Despertar, mover, excitar.
bear bore born Soportar, sostener, tolerar.
beat beat beaten Batir, revolver, golpear, vencer.
become became become Hacerse, tornarse, convertirse en.

bend bent bent Doblar, inclinar, torcer.
bet bet bet Apostar
bind bound bound Atar, unir, enlazar.
bite bit bitten Morder.
blow blew blown Soplar
break broke broken Quebrar, partir, romper.
bring brought brought Traer, llevar, conducir.
build built built Construir, edificar.
burn burnt burnt Quemar, incendiar.
burst burst burst Romper, reventar.
buy bought bought Comprar
catch caught caught Coger, asir, atrapar.
choose chose chosen Escoger, elegir.
cling clung clung Asirse, adherirse, pegarse.
come came come Venir
cost cost cost Costar
creep crept crept Arrastrarse, deslizarse, pegarse.
cut cut cut Cortar, dividir.
deal dealt dealt Tratar, tener que referirse.
dig dug dug Cavar, ahondar.
do did done Hacer, ejecutar.
draw drew drawn Tirar, arrastrarse, atraer, dibujar.
drink drank drunk Beber
drive drove driven Impulsar, conducir, llevar, inducir.
fall fell fallen Caer, disminuir.
feed fed fed Alimentar, nutrir.
feel felt felt Sentir, percibir, tocar.
fight fought fought Pelear, combatir.
find found found Encontrar, descubrir.
find out found out found out Averiguar, investigar.
flee fled fled Escapar, huir, evitar.
fly flew flown Volar
forbid forbade forbidden Prohibir.
foresee foresaw foreseen Prever, prevenir
forget forgot forgotten Olvidar (se)
forgive forgave forgiven Perdonar
freeze froze frozen Congelar
get got got (ten) Lograr, obtener, conseguir.
give gave given Dar, conceder.
go went gone Ir (se), funcionar, resultar.
grind ground ground Moler, triturar.
grow grew grown Crecer, cultivar.
hang hung hung Colgar, Suspender.
have had had Tener, haber.
hear heard heard Or, escuchar.
hide hid hid (den) Ocultar, encubrir.
hit hit hit Pegar, golpear, acertar.
hold held held Sostener,mantener,contener.
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
hurt hurt hurt Herir, daar, lastimar.
keep kept kept Mantener,guardar,conservar.
know knew known Conocer, saber.
lay laid laid Poner, colocar.
lead led led Guiar, llevar, conducir.
lean leant leant Inclinar(se), apoyarse.
learn learnt learnt Aprender, saber.
leave left left Partir, irse, abandonar.
lend lent lent Prestar
let let let Permitir, conceder.
lie lay lain Tenderse, descansar, estar, situado.
light lit lit Alumbrar, iluminar, encender (se).
lose lost lost Perder, malgastar.
make made made Hacer, confeccionar, producir.
mean meant meant Significar,querer decir pretender.
meet met met Encontrarse, satisfacer.
melt melted molten (old) Derretir(se), fundir(se).
mistake mistook mistaken Equivocarse, comprender mal, errar
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood Entender mal.
overcome overcame overcome Vencer, superar, sobreponerse.
pay paid paid Pagar, recompensar.
put put put Poner,colocar, exponer.
read read read Leer,descifrar, marcar.
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt Reconstruir
rid rid rid Librarse, zafarse.
ride rode ridden Rodar, tener juego, funcionar.
ring rang rung Tocar, sonar.
rise rose risen Ascender,elevarse,levantarse, surgir.
run ran run Correr, funcionar.
saw sawed sawn Cortar con sierra, aserrar.
say said said Decir, afirmar.
see saw seen Ver, observar.
seek sought sought Buscar, solicitar.
sell sold sold Vender
send sent sent Enviar
set set set Instalar, establecer, colocar, fijar.
shake shook shaken Sacudir, lanzar, agitar.
shed shed shed Derramar, esparcir, dejar caer.
shine shone shone Brillar, relumbrar, sobresalir.
shoot shot shot Disparar, emitir, lanzar.
show showed shown Mostrar, excibir, probar, demostar.
shrink shrank shrunk Encogerse, disminuir, desaparecer.
shut shut shut Cerrar, impedir, exclur.
sing sang sung Cantar
sink sank sunk Hundir, sumergir
sit sat sat Sentarse, reunirse.
sleep slept slept Dormir
slide slid slid(den) Resbalar, deslizarse, escabullirse.
smell smelt smelt Oler, percibir.
speak spoke spoken Hablar, decir.
speed sped sped Acelerar, apresurarse.
spend spent spent Gastar, consumir, emplear (tiempo).
spill spilt spilt Derramar, verter, divulgar.
spin spun spun Tornear, hilar, hacer girar.
split split split Partir, dividir, separar, reventar.
spoil spoilt spoilt Deteriorar, daar, inutilizar.
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
spread spread spread Extender, esparcir, propagar.
spring sprang sprung Saltar, soltar, brotar, surgir.
stand stood stood Pararse, tolerar, estar (de pi).
steal stole stolen Robar, escabullirse.
stick stuck stuck Pegar, adherirse, prender, fijar.
stink stank stunk Oler mal, apestar.
strike struck struck Golpear, pegar, estallar.
swell swelled swollen Hinchar, inflamar, engrosar.
swim swam swum Nadar, flotar.
swing swung swung Balancear(se), hacer girar.
take took taken Tomar, llevar.
teach taught taught Ensear
tear tore torn Romper, despedazar, rasgar.
tell told told Decir, contar, narrar.
think thought thought Pensar, creer.
throw threw thrown Lanzar, tirar, impeler, arrojar.
thrust thrust thrust Introducir con violencia, empujar,
impeler
undergo underwent undergone Sufrir, experimentar, pasar por.
understand understood understood Comprender.
undertake undertook undertaken Emprender, comenzar algo.
undo undid undone Desarmar, deshacer.
wake woke woke (n) Despertar, excitar.
wear Wore worn Gastar(se), consumirse, usar.
win Won won Ganar, conquistar.
wind Wound wound Enroscar(se), serpentear, girar.
withdraw Withdrew withdrawn Retirar, retractarse, quitar.
withstand Withstood withstood Resistir, oponerse, soportar.
write Wrote Written Escribir














Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
Verbos Regulares y sus Tiempos
INFINITIVO PASADO Y
PARTICIPIO
SIGNIFICADO PRONUNCIACION TERMINACION
act Acted Actuar id
add Added Sumar, aadir id
aid Aided Ayudar id
arrest Arrested Arrestar id
assist Assisted Ayudar id
attend Attended Asistir, ir id
address Addressed Dirigirse t
advertise Advertised Anunciar t
amuse Amused Entretener t
approach Approached Acercarse t
ask Asked Preguntar, pedir t
accompany Accompanied Acompaar d
accustom accustomed Acostumbrar d
agree agreed Concordar d
annoy annoyed Molestar d
answer answered Responder d
appeal applealed Atraer d
appear appeared Aparecer d
arrange arranged Arreglar, ordenar d
arrive arrived Arribar d
accompany accompanied Acompaar d
accustom accustomed Acostumbrar d
agree agreed Concordar d
annoy annoyed Molestar d
answer answered Responder d
appeal applealed Atraer d
appear appeared Aparecer d
arrange arranged Arreglar, ordenar d
board boarded Abordar id
balance balanced Equilibrar t
banish banished Desterrar t
bark barked Ladrar t
bless blessed Bendecir t
brush brushed Cepillar t
behave behaved Comportarse d
belong belonged Pertenecer d
beg begged suplicar, mendigar d
believe believed Creer d
boil boiled Hervir d
breathe breathed Respirar id
complete completed Completar id
consist consisted Consistir id
count counted Contar id
close closed Cerrar t
cook cooked Cocinar t
crash crashed Chocar t
cross crosssed cruzar t
call called Llamar d
care cared Cuidar d
carry carried Llevar d
change changed Cambiar d
check checked Chequear t
charge charged cargar, cobrar d
clean cleaned Limpiar d
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
climb climbed escalar, subir d
comb combed Peinar d
cover covered Cubrir d
cry cried Llorar d
crawl crawled gatear, arrastrarse d
dance danced bailar t
dress dressed vestir t
dropp dropped dejar caer t
dial dialed sintonizar, marcar d
die died morir d
declare declared declarar d
delay delayed demorar d
deliver delivered entregar d
deny denied negar d
dine dined cenar d
dry dried secar d
enclose enclosed incluir, encerrar t
enjoy enjoyed disfrutar d
engage engaged comprometer d
envy envied envidiar d
express expressed expresar t
exclaim exclaimed exclamar d
explain explained explicar d
fail failed fracasar, fallar d
fasten fastended abrochar d
file filed archivar d
fill filled llenar d
fire fired echar del trabajo,
disparar
d
follow followed seguir d
frighten frightened espantar d
fry fried freir d
finish finished terminar t
fish fished pescar t
fix fixed fixed t
gain gained ganar d
guess guessed adivinar t
help helped ayudar t
hope hoped esperar, desear t
happen happened suceder d
hurry hurried apurar (se) d
imagine imagined imaginar d
iron ironed planchar d
judge judged juzgar d
kiss kissed besar t
kill killed matar d
laugh laughged reir t
leak leaked gotear t
like liked gustar t
lock locked cerrar con llave t
look looked mirar t
mark marked marcar, sealar t
milk milked ordear un animal t
miss missed extraar t
manage managed manejar d
marry married casar (se) d
massage massaged masajear d
measure measured medir d
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
move moved mover d
observe observed observar d
offer offered ofrecer d
open opened abrir d
order ordered ordenar d
peform performed ejecutar d
phone phoned telefonear d
plan planned planear d
play played jugar, tocar d
plough ploughed arar d
pour poured derramar, verter d
pray prayed orar d
prefer prefered preferir d
prepare prepared preparar d
pull pulled tirar d
park parked estacionar t
pass passed pasar t
pick picked recoger t
please pleased complacer d
polish polished pulir t
practise practised practicar t
promise promised prometer t
pronounce pronounced pronunciar t
punish punished castigar t
push pushed empujar t
repeat repeated repetir id
report reported reportar, informar id
request requested solicitar, pedir id
rest rested descansar id
reach reached alcanzar t
refuse refused rehusar t
raise raised levantar t
rain rained llover d
realice realized darse cuenta d
register registered matricularse, registrar d
receive received recibir d
Remain remained quedar, sobrar d
Remenber remenbered recordar d
Repair pepaired reparar d
Require required requerir d
Reserve reserved reservar, guardar d
Row rowed remar d
Resolve resolved resolver d
Return returned retornar, volver d
Search searched buscar, registrar t
Save saved salvar d
0serve served servir d
settle settled arreglar, establecer d
sign signed firmar d
smile smiled sonreir d
snow snowed nevar d
spill spilled derramar d
stay stayed permanecer, quedarse d
study studied estudiar d
suffer suffered sufrir d
swallow swallowed tragar d
slip slipped resbalar t
smoke smoked fumar t
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
stop stopped detener, parar t
switch switched conectar, accionar t
stretch stretched estirar t
talk talked conversar t
thank thanked agradecer t
touch touched tocar, palpar t
trap trapped atrapar t
tire tired cansar, fatigar d
train trained entrenar d
travel traveled viajar d
trouble troubled molestar d
try tried tratar, intantar d
turn turned girar, voltear d
unpack unpacked desempacar t
use used usar t
visit visited visitar id
wait waited esperar id
want wanted querer, requerir id
walk walked caminar t
wash washed lavar t
watch watched observar, mirar t
wish wished desear, anhelar t
work worked trabajar t
wrap up wrapped up envolver t
wreck wrecked naufragar t
warm warmed calentar d
warn warned advertir d
water watered regar d
weigh weighed pesar d
whistle whistled silbar d



Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
Abreviaciones en el diccionario ingls:
English Part of Speech and Gender Spanish
abbreviation abbr abreviatura
adjective adj adjetivo
adverb adv adverbio
article art artculo
auxiliary verb v aux verbo auxiliar
conjugation conj conjugacin
conjunction conj conjuncin
contraction contr contraccin
exclamation excl exclamacin
gerund ger gerundio
imperative imp imperativo
infinitive inf infinitivo
interjection interj interjeccin
intransitive verb vi verbo intransitivo
noun, feminine nf sustantivo femenino
noun, masculine nm sustantivo masculino
noun, plural npl sustantivo plural
past participle pp participio pasado
preterit pret pretrito
pronoun pron pronombre
reflexive/pronominal verb vpron verbo reflexivo/pronominal
transitive verb vtr verbo transitivo


Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
Smbolos fonticos
La tabla AFI del ingls contiene solamente aquellos smbolos del Alfabeto Fontico
Internacional (siglas en ingls IPA) correspondientes a los fonemas usados en este
lenguaje. Con el audio de cada fonema resulta muy til interpretar las transcripciones
fonticas en los diccionarios de ingls, en especial, para los hablantes no nativos que
aprenden la fontica del ingls. La tabla contiene 44 fonemas, 12 corresponden a las
vocales, 24 a las consonantes, y 8 son diptongos resultantes de la combinacin de los
fonemas de dos vocales.



Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
Forma negativas e interrogativas (To be)
Forma negativa
La forma negativa del Simple Present se obtiene agregando don't o
doesn't antes de la forma base del verbo:
SUJETO AUXILIAR EJEMPLO
I don't I don't work
You don't You don't work
He doesn't He doesen't work
She doesn't She doesn't work
It doesn't It doesn't work
We don't We don't work
You don't You don't work
They don't They don't work

Forma Interrogativa
La forma interrogativa del Simple Present se obtiene con el auxiliar do o
does delante del sujeto.
SUJETO AUXILIAR EJEMPLO
Do I Do I work?
Do you Do you work?
Does he Does he work?
Does she Does sge work?
Does it Does it work?
Do we Do we work?
Do you Do you work?
Do they Do they work?

Formacin de las WH-Questions
Las Wh - questions(preguntas que usan adjetivos y pronombres
interrogativos como) se forman poniendo el adjetivo o pronombre
interrogativo Wh- al inicio de la frase interrogativa. He aqu algunos
ejemplos:
Johan Gmez V-25.986.823
AFIRMATIVA IINTERROGATIVA WH-QUESTIONS
They work Do they work? Why do they work?
You study Do you study? What do you study?





















Johan Gmez V-25.986.823