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HSE MANUAL
EMERGENCIES AND DRILLS SAF 002-21
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CONTENTS
1................................SCOPE
2................................APPLICATION
3................................OBJECTIVE
4................................RESPONSIBILITIES
4.1.............................Barge Superintendent
4.2.............................Head of Safety
4.3.............................Fire Marshal / Authority
4.4.............................Loss Prevention / Project Safety Officers
5................................DEFINITION
5.1.............................Drill
5.2.............................Exercise
6................................PROCEDURES
6.1.............................General
6.2.............................Drills / Exercise
6.3.............................Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S) Drill
6.4.............................Man Overboard Emergency
6.5.............................Fire Hazard Emergency
6.6.............................Abandon Ship Emergency
6.7.............................Alarm Testing
6.7.1..........................The Signal
6.7.2..........................Action of Hearing Signal (For Offshore Operations)
6.7.3..........................All Clear
6.8.............................Survival Craft and Appliances
6.8.1..........................Survival Craft
6.8.2..........................Life Rafts
6.8.3..........................Life Jackets
6.8.4..........................Scramble Nets / Rope Ladders / Knotted Ropes
6.9.............................Abandon Platform Signal
6.10...........................Helicopter Crash
7................................GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR EXECUTION
7.1.............................Conducting Effective Drills
7.2.............................Planning a Drill
7.3.............................Conducting Drills
7.4.............................Records
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1. S SC CO OP PE E
The scope of safety drills and exercises is to train the crew and maintain and
measure their capability to respond properly and quickly when faced with an
emergency condition.
The guidelines cover the essential elements of an effective drill which form
the basis for developing and executing a comprehensive drill program.
In Appendix 2 and 3 in order to complete the guidelines "Fire/Emergency
evacuation procedure for NPCC's and "floor wardens role" have been added.
For offshore, muster lists, giving information of every person's muster station
shall be displayed and every crew member must ensure they know their
respective muster station.
2. APPLICATION
This procedure is applicable for NPCC onshore and offshore facilities, barges
and site.
3. OBJECTIVE
The objective of safety drills and exercises is to train the crew and maintain
and measure their capability to respond properly and quickly when faced with
an emergency condition. The guidelines outlined in this document are aimed
at achieving this objective by requiring that each drill develop and
demonstrate the crew's as well as all personnels ability to:
! Be practised in their duties or actions in an emergency.
! Be aware of emergency equipment, its location and correct methods of
use.
4. RESPONSIBILITIES
4.1 Barge Superintendent
The Barge Superintendent is responsible for the control and direction of
emergency drills, exercises and alarm testing at vessels.
4.2 Head of Safety
The Head of Safety is responsible for the control and direction of emergency
drills, exercises and alarm testing at Mussafah Fabrication Yard (MFY).
4.3 Fire Marshal / Authority
The Fire Marshal is responsible for ensuring that all emergency drills,
exercises and alarm testing is carried out as per the Company requirements
and that any improvements identified are followed up.
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4.4 Loss Prevention / Project Safety Officers
On construction yard, barges, sites the NPCC LPO / PSO representative is in
charge to supervise the safety drills organised by NPCC or the subcontractor
and verify the adherence to its own safety drill policy (as approved by
Company).
5. DEFINITION
5.1 Drill
The practicing of routine procedures, e.g., hose running, producing a water
wall, evacuating a building.
5.2 Exercise
The application of routine procedures in simulated emergency conditions
where variables are introduced to test and improve the response of
participants. Examples of these could be:
! During a fire fighting drill the water supply is cut off and the fire services
told the fire main is damaged.
! During the drill for the evacuation of a building, a smoke canister is
activated in a stairwell.
6. PROCEDURES
6.1 General
Emergency Drills are used as a means of training specific personnel and
teams to carry out emergency procedures and to give instruction in the use,
handling or operation of any emergency equipment which may be
appropriate. In doing so, emergency equipment is regularly tested and any
shortcomings can be rectified. Also a new or revised procedure can be easily
introduced without the need for extensive re-training.
Emergency drills includes the following:
! Gas leak fighting (H
2
S or other toxic and flammable gases)
! Fire fighting
! Search and rescue i.e. within the site area
! Man over board (offshore and on sea side)
! Casualty handling.
Emergency Exercises are used to make all personnel aware of the actions
required of them in an emergency situation. This usually means going to the
appropriate muster point. It is then important to identify if any persons are
unaccounted for.
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As many drills as possible, compatible with the ongoing function of the site /
venue, should involve the total complement of personnel in site, i.e. drills and
exercises should be held at the same time. Where this is not possible or
desirable, drills should be undertaken by individual departments on an
opportunity basis, but within the maximum intervals permitted.
To avoid confusion, it will be announced over the public address system
"This is a drill" three times when a drill is taking place.
Each drill should introduce a specific type of emergency based upon the
types of hazards present on site. Reference should be made to the site
emergency procedure.
6.2 Drills / Exercise
For operational and construction sites/locations, both onshore or offshore,
drills to test and train personnel with specific duties (see above) should be
performed once every 2 weeks. For onshore operational and construction
sites/locations this can be extended to every one month.
For offshore sites an emergency exercise is to be carried out at least every 2
weeks.
For individual offices and buildings and onshore sites, a muster should be
performed at least once per year. The aim is to get as many personnel
involved as possible.
Where required, reference should be made to the site emergency
procedures. Emergency procedures should be updated in the light of
experience.
6.3 Hydrogen Sulphide (H
2
S) Drill
It is widely accepted that the Barge is not likely to encounter hydrogen
sulphide on every location. The normal practice has therefore been to restrict
any Barge based training to those personnel who are on location where such
gas may be encountered, and each operation has been considered on an
individual basis.
As for barges, a number of breathing manifolds and escape breathing
apparatus sets within cabinets are located at all H
2
S muster stations onboard
Company barges / vessel.

H
2
S ALARM SIGNAL: Modulated sound / Two tone SIREN and Visual
flashing amber lights.
Similarly, for onsite locations where there is a risk of H
2
S, all personnel will
undergo necessary training for their role during an H
2
S emergency. All will be
provided with personal escape sets/ gas masks where necessary.
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6.4 Man Overboard Emergency
The requirement for training personnel in this response depends largely on the
barge location.
Throw a life buoy overboard and keep the person in sight. Alert other personnel
and instruct them to inform the Control tower which shall then instigate the "Man
Overboard Procedure" (as displayed in prominent places throughout the
vessel).
If Rescue Boat is used:
The training is aimed principally at the Rescue Boat Party and the Crane Party
(crane operator and roustabouts).
The Rescue Boat Party must train and become competent as a team in the
following:
! Preparing the boat for lowering.
! Starting the engine and releasing the boat from the hook.
! Operation of the boat in the vicinity of the Barge, platform and in close
proximity to the man being rescued.
! Efficient recovery of the man overboard and subsequently delivery to
the Barge or another vessel.
! Subsequent return and retrieval of the rescue boat.
The Crane Party must train and become competent in the following:
! Disconnecting the crane rapidly and safely from the lift in progress.
! Subsequent rapid connection to the Rescue Boat.
! Use of a stretcher with the crane to transport casualties.
The Man Overboard drill is frequently made more realistic by the use of a dummy
or life buoy to represent the victim and by the setting of a target time for its
retrieval.
6.5 Fire Hazard Emergency
The fire drill may be considered in two parts:
! The activation of a fire alarm followed by the response from all rig
personnel in going to their muster points.
! The subsequent response from the Fire Team in moving to contain the
incident.
Continuous ringing of the General alarm and blasting of air horn for a period of
at least 10 seconds.
All crew members, not being part of the fire fighting team, shall go to their muster
stations. Fire fighting shall be carried out in accordance with the companies fire
fighting procedure.
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6.6 Abandon Ship Emergency
Should abandonment of the Barge become necessary, each person should
follow the instructions as posted in the station bill or such as may be issued by
the person in charge in addition to those posted in the station bill.
The decision to evacuate the Barge will be taken only by the Barge Master.
Wherever possible, non-essential personnel will be evacuated first and
emergency personnel will remain onboard the Barge to contain the incident. In
case where the emergency continues to escalate, the subsequent evacuation of
emergency personnel will thus be on a smaller scale.
More than six short blasts and one long blast on the whistle and continuous
ringing of general alarm.
Where the situation demands abandoning, the order and method shall only be
given by the Barge Superintendent e.g. abandon by helicopter, abandon by life
boats or life rafts or abandon by transfer to standby vessels.
The abandon procedure is displayed in prominent places throughout the vessel.
6.7 Alarm Testing
Emergency alarms are to be regularly tested. A regular time should be chosen
so that the personnel know that it is an exercise. A Public Announcement
should be made beforehand. For offices the test only needs to be performed at
the same time as the annual exercise.
6.7.1 The Signal
The Alarm Signal for Emergency Stations is:
A continuous sounding of the electrically operated bell or klaxon for at least
ten seconds.
The alarm signal for Emergency Stations shall be sounded for any emergency
situation such as:
! Fire
! Collision
! Man Overboard
! Serious Pollution
! Well Head Blowout
! Any other serious emergency
6.7.2 Action of Hearing Signal (For Offshore Operations)
On hearing the signal for Emergency Stations the crew shall collect, but not put
on, their lifejackets and proceed to their Emergency Station as per the Muster
List where the nature of the emergency will be made known to them by the
leader of the emergency team and/or the Master. Passengers will put on their
lifejackets and proceed to the Passenger Muster Point.
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6.7.3 All Clear
The All Clear, signifying the end of the emergency, shall be communicated
to the crew and passengers by the Master and/or the
6.8 Survival Craft and Appliances
6.8.1 Survival Craft
The Barge Superintendent / Vessel Captain shall ensure that all survival craft
are maintained in a fully operational condition. A regular inspection and
maintenance schedule shall be executed and records kept for each craft by
the Chief Engineer or Chief Mechanic. All personnel onboard vessels shall
familiarise themselves with the operation of the survival craft.
For vessels fitted with T.E.M.P.S.C. (Totally Enclosed Motorized Propelled
Survival Craft).
The procedure for launching shall be as follows:
! Release boat lashings.
! Open inboard doors and secure these in the open position.
! Coxswain enters boat and starts engine following the instruction labels
attached to the steering controls. (Coxswain Operator shall possess valid
training certificates).
! Personnel embark and disperse throughout the boat taking up their
seated positions between the seat belts. The first persons entering are to
take up positions furthest away from the door to prevent congestion and
ease the loading process.
! All persons to secure the seat belts.
! Count all heads and check the muster list.
! Close all hatches and doors securely.
! Coxswain pulls on the lowering control wire until the boat is waterborne.
! Coxswain pulls the hook operating handle and twists to lock hooks in the
open position. (One person is designated forward and one person aft to
ensure proper release and clearance of hooks).
! Coxswain pushes the throttle / gear control lever ahead and steers away
on a designated compass course.
! When outside the danger zone, heave to, open hatches as necessary for
ventilation and operate the emergency radio and distress signals.
When in fires or dangerous gas conditions:
! Shut ventilation hatches.
! Open the compressed air bottle valves.
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! Open the air outlet valves.
! Close the drainage cock on the sprinkler pump.
! Open the sea inlet valve.
! Run the engine at full speed as soon as the boat touches the water.
(The pump shall draw water and sprinkle the boat.)
! Steer away from the vessel and out of the fire zone, if in a Gas release
situation steer to upwind.
6.8.2 Life Rafts
A sufficient number of modern inflatable life rafts in line with SOLAS
requirements are mounted at convenient locations on the vessels. All
personnel should make themselves aware of the locations and operation of
the rafts. Locations are shown on the muster list and HSE plans. Operating
instruction cards are located at each liferaft station.
Launching of the Raft
After launching the raft, it may be boarded from scramble nets or rope
ladders. The raft is also equipped with a webbing ladder to aid boarding
from the water. The survivors can haul themselves up and slide into the raft
head first. Unconscious survivors must be grasped firmly and hauled
onboard. (Use Bouncy aid, if worn, to assist).
When aboard the most senior person present assumes command. Cut off
the painter line use leak stoppers and repair outfit, if necessary. Close
entrance in bad or cold weather. There will be water, food and medicines in
the raft.
6.8.3 Lifejackets
There will be an adequate number of lifejackets in line with SOLAS
requirements with the living quarters and at the muster stations for all
personnel. Lifejackets must be worn in the case of emergencies which
require that the vessels or platforms must be abandoned.
Lifejackets or work vests, as appropriate, must be worn in the following
cases:
! When emergency alarms sound.
! When on the gangway connecting vessels with platforms.
! When working below the cellar deck of any platform.
! When working over the sides of platforms or vessels.
! By anyone riding the personnel basket or transferring from vessels to
platform (or vice versa) by any other means.
! Other locations as specified by your Supervisor or Safety Officer.
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6.8.4 Scramble Nets / Rope Ladders / Knotted Ropes
Scramble nets, Rope ladders, Knotted ropes are provided at different
locations. They shall be lowered and used in emergency for boarding or
abandoning vessels. The purpose of these is to provide additional means of
emergency escape. When using these always wear a lifejacket.
6.9 Abandon Platform Signal
Signal: The signal may vary from platform to platform.
Where the situation demands that the platform must be abandoned, the order
and method shall be given only by the platform management similar to above.
6.10 Helicopter Crash
A message on public address system and the portable radio's.
Rescue and fire fighting personnel shall proceed to the scene; all other
personnel must stay clear of area.
7. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR EXECUTION
7.1 Conducting Effective Drills
The following three steps are required for drills to be effective:
a) Plan the drill - Effective drills should always be carefully planned to focus
the training on a particular need. Planning the drills maximizes the
benefits of conducting the drills and minimizes the amount of time wasted
during the drill.
b) Conduct the drill realistically - The drill should stimulate an actual condition
and make the crew performing as though the actual emergency condition
existed.
c) Conclude with a critique and discussion session immediately following the
drill will identify the problem areas and point out mistakes while they are
fresh in the minds of the crew. The discussion can also be used to help in
developing plans for future drills.
7.2 Planning a Drill
Every drill should be planned in advance to be effective and efficient. There
are several steps in planning a drill.
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a) Emphasize a specific aspect
Each drill should be designed to emphasize a single aspect of responding
to an emergency, even though every drill should contain all the steps
necessary in a real emergency. A single drill should not attempt to teach
crewmembers everything at once. Focusing the drill on a single aspect
simplifies the drill, can increase the chances of that aspect being
remembered during an emergency if necessary, and keeps the time
required for the drill within an acceptable limit.
b) Select a suitable location
The location for the drill should be appropriate for the aspect being
emphasized. For example a drill that focuses on life raft deployment
should be held at a life raft station. The location for a fire or an other
emergency situation should vary from time to time.
c) Avoid undue risk
Drills should avoid exposing the crew installations to situations that may
place them in jeopardy. For example toxic fumes should not be used
when training crew members in the use of self-contained breathing
apparatus or fires started to test fire fighting system. The Person in
Charge should avoid placing his crew in high risk situation, avoiding all risk
should not be a basis for failure to test some of the equipment. For
example, although launching lifeboats in a mild seaway can entail some
risk, this risk can be reduced to an acceptable level with proper
maintenance and training. The benefits of operating this equipment to
increase the chance of successful deployment in a real emergency are
high and therefore worthwhile. This type of drill should be conducted
preferably in sheltered waters or in good weather condition with the
minimum crew on board (3 men).
The full boarding of lifeboat has to be also experienced, but the boats
have to be put previously on their maintenance pendants.
7.3 Conducting Drills
Onshore and Offshore Fire / Gas Release Drill Procedure
The following steps should be included in every fire / gas release drill:
1. Location of the fire / gas release
2. Sound the alarm
3. Person in Charge assumes control
4. Muster
5. Search
6. Rescue of injured persons
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7. Investigate scene of incident
8. Restrict of fire
9. Deploy Fire Teams
10. Extinguish fire
Offshore Abandon Drill Procedure
The following steps should be included in every offshore drill:
1. Sound the alarm
2. Contact rescuers
3. Muster
4. Search
5. Rescue injured or trapped person
6. If decision to abandon is taken, board the suitable lifeboats or stand
by vessels.
7. Instruction on when and how to deploy
8. Operate all equipment (with the minimum crew on board lifeboats)
9. Experience Alternate abandonment means
10. Review steps after launch
The steps that should be taken after clearing the platform vessel or MODU
are discussed. These steps include, pending circumstances (1) rescuing
survivors from the sea, (2) motoring away from site, (3) Maintain position, (4)
establish radio contact with land or ships in the area, (5) give treatment to
injured, (6) safe conduct when rescued by large craft or when proceeding to
and, (7) demonstrate good seamanship.
7.4 Records
A record of all emergency drills, exercises and alarm tests must be kept by
the Fire Marshal, Safety Superintendent and Loss Prevention / Safety Officer
on barge/onshore locations in a book or similar to be used specifically for that
purpose.
The record must include:
! Date and Times.
! Type of drill, muster or alarm test.
! No. of personnel involved.
! Names of personnel involved (For drills only).
! Details of recommendations and completed actions.
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Critique and Discussion
Immediately following the drills, key supervisory personnel should prepare a
written critique and discuss their conclusions to analyse the success of the
drill in achieving the planned objectives. The discussion session can take
place at the scene of the drill or in a central gathering location such as the
coffee shop or mess room.
The critique discussion should:
- Review the emphasis of the drill.
- Discuss the problems which occurred during the drill.
- Assess whether the drill was conducted realistically.
- Discuss other possible situations that could have developed.
- Establish the aspects that in most critical need of practice in further drill.
The discussion session will be a useful tool in the planning of future drills and
is also an important mechanism in reinforcing proper emergency habits
amongst crew. Conclusions shall be written down in the emergency drill
report.
Reporting
Every safety drill shall be reported and filed in the Construction
site/platform/vessel safety drill register. The report shall include the following
topics:
- Aim of the drill.
- Participants.
- Equipment used.
- Log of the drill completion.
- Weak and positive points.
- Conclusions for improvement.
Appendix 1 : Schedule of Exercises, Drills and Alarm Testing
Location Frequency Scenario / Alarm
Offshore sites Every 2 weeks
Muster, Abandon, Fire Alarm, Gas
Release Alarm, Manoverboard
(MOB).
Onshore sites Every month
Muster, Evacuation, Fire Alarm, Gas
Release Alarm. Etc.
General
exercise (all
persons)
Office, logistics
base (MFY)
Annual Fire
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Location Frequency Scenario / Alarm
Offshore sites /
locations
Every 2 weeks
Fire fighting, Gas Release, Search
and Rescue, BA sets, Casualty
Handling, etc.
Onshore sites /
locations
Every month
Fire fighting, Gas Release, Search
and Rescue, Man over Board, BA
sets, Casualty Handling, etc.
Drill
(Specific
persons or
teams)
Office, logistics
base (MFY)
Annual Fire
Process sites
(Onshore/
Offshore)
Weekly Gas, fire, muster, etc.
Alarm testing
Office, logistics
base (MFY)
Annual Fire
Note 1: Drills/Emergency exercises conducted at/nearby Clients
sites/locations, proper co-ordination and approval should be
maintained with clients prior to drills/exercises.
Note 2: Contractual obligation may be adopted if the frequency is
enhanced.
Appendix 2 : Fire/Emergency evacuation procedure for NPCC buildings
Potential emergencies in NPCC building may require the occupants to
evacuate the building. The following information and procedure have been
designed to help ensure your personal safety, should an evacuation become
necessary as well as to establish the responsibility for clearing the building
and alerting the Civil Defence.
Evacuation Procedures for Building Occupants
When the fire alarm sound, all personnel should ensure that nearby
personnel are aware of the emergency, close doors (not locked) and exit the
building using stairwells.
" Building occupants must NOT use elevators as an escape route in the
event of fire.
" All personnel should know where primary and alternate exits are located
and be familiar with the evacuation routes available.
" After evacuating the building, all occupants should proceed toward the
sheltered parking bay which is the gathering place (assembly point) and
await further instructions from Head of Safety (HOS) and/or HSE Manager
(HSEM).
N.B. Fire brigade will be alerted by the HSE Manager / Head of Safety
(the universal number for emergencies is 999).
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Upon the arrival of the fire brigade, the HSE Manager / Head of Safety will
advise as to the location of the emergency, as specifically as possible
and will report to them of individuals or groups that are not evacuated
from the building indicating their possible location.
Note & Precautions
" Small fires can be extinguished only if you are trained to use fire
extinguisher. However, an immediate readiness to evacuate is essential.
" Never enter a room that is smoke filled.
" Never enter a room if the door is warm to touch.
" During an emergency, visitors who may not be familiar with this plan must
be informed of the requirement to evacuate. Special attention should also
be given to any persons with disabilities, especially those who are visitors
or unfamiliar with the building.
" Dont go back into the building until you are specifically told to do so.
Silencing the fire alarms is not a signal to re-enter the building.
Appendix 3 : Floor Wardens Role
Floor wardens' role is to ensure the proper evacuation of all the personnel
being on his floor when a fire emergency would occur. Floor wardens are
responsible for overseeing and co-ordinating evacuation activities, conducting
a final pass through in the office space, ensuring that everyone receives the
necessary assistance as appropriate, ensuring all doors are closed (not
locked) and reporting the floor evacuation status to the HSE Manager.
Floor Wardens Tasks
" Familiarising personnel with emergency procedures.
" Ensuring that occupants have vacated the premise in the event of an
evacuation (by verifying all the offices, meeting rooms, toilettes, etc.)
" Ensuring the visitors (if any) are assisted in evacuating the building.
" Having a list of personnel in their area of coverage so a head count can
be made at the Assembly Point.
" Inform the Fire Marshal about the evacuation results and all anomalies
encountered while conducting the evacuation.
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