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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................................................... vi
Section 1Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1

IATAWho We Are; What We Do ...................................................................................................... 1

1.2

IATA's Airport Activities ...................................................................................................................... 1


1.2.1

Airport Consultative Committees (ACCs) ..............................................................................2

1.2.2

IATA Consulting Services for Airports...................................................................................2

1.2.3

International Industry Working Group ...................................................................................3

1.3

Other IATA Airport Activities .............................................................................................................. 4

1.4

Airports Council International (ACI) Collaboration .............................................................................4


1.4.1

Introduction to Airports Council International (ACI)...............................................................4

1.5

Purpose of the Airport Development Reference Manual ...................................................................5

1.6

How to Use the ADRM ...................................................................................................................... 6

1.7

ADRM: New Format ........................................................................................................................... 7

Section 2Forecasting...................................................................................................................................... 9
2.1

Introduction and Definition ............................................................................................................... 10

2.2

Economic Base for Air Travel........................................................................................................... 12

2.3

2.4

2.2.1

Airport Catchment Area....................................................................................................... 12

2.2.2

Socioeconomic Base........................................................................................................... 13

2.2.3

Transfer Traffic .................................................................................................................... 14

2.2.4

Airline Yields........................................................................................................................ 14

2.2.5

Tourism ............................................................................................................................... 15

2.2.6

Trade ................................................................................................................................... 17

2.2.7

Intermodal Transportation ................................................................................................... 17

2.2.8

Economic Base Data Analysis ............................................................................................ 17

Historical Aviation Activity ................................................................................................................ 18


2.3.1

Data Collection .................................................................................................................... 19

2.3.2

Airport Role ......................................................................................................................... 23

2.3.3

Historical Passenger Volumes ............................................................................................ 23

2.3.4

Top Domestic and International Destinations .....................................................................23

2.3.5

Historical Market Share by Airline .......................................................................................24

2.3.6

Historical Air Cargo Tonnage .............................................................................................. 24

2.3.7

Historical Movements by Segment......................................................................................25

2.3.8

Forecast Impact Factors...................................................................................................... 25

Competitive Analysis ........................................................................................................................ 26

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2.5

Review of Existing Forecasts ........................................................................................................... 26

2.6

Common Forecasting Techniques ................................................................................................... 26

2.7

2.6.1

Trend/Time Series............................................................................................................... 27

2.6.2

Consensus Forecasts.......................................................................................................... 27

2.6.3

Market Share Forecasts ...................................................................................................... 28

2.6.4

Econometric/Regression Model ..........................................................................................29

Passenger Activity Forecast............................................................................................................. 32


2.7.1

Passenger Activity Segments.............................................................................................. 32

2.7.2

Passenger Activity Benchmarking.......................................................................................33

2.7.3

Passenger Activity Alternative Scenarios............................................................................34

2.8

Baggage Forecast ............................................................................................................................ 34

2.9

Air Cargo Activity Forecast............................................................................................................... 35

2.10

2.9.1

Air Cargo Supply and Demand ........................................................................................... 36

2.9.2

Cargo Data Analysis............................................................................................................ 37

2.9.3

Cargo Market Forecast Benchmarking ...............................................................................38

2.9.4

Cargo Activity Forecast ....................................................................................................... 39

Air Transport Movement Forecast.................................................................................................... 40


2.10.1 ATM Segments.................................................................................................................... 40
2.10.2 Passenger ATMs................................................................................................................. 41
2.10.3 Freighter ATM Forecast ...................................................................................................... 44
2.10.4 General Aviation ATM Forecast ..........................................................................................45
2.10.5 Military/Government ATM Forecast.....................................................................................47
2.10.6 Total ATM Forecast............................................................................................................. 47

2.11

Peak Period Forecast....................................................................................................................... 47


2.11.1 Peak Period Traffic Measure............................................................................................... 48
2.11.2 Incorporating Directionality into Peak Hour Analysis ..........................................................49
2.11.3 Peak Period Forecasts ........................................................................................................ 49
2.11.4 Conclusions Regarding Peak Period Analysis ....................................................................50

Section 3Planning ......................................................................................................................................... 52

iv

3.1

Introduction....................................................................................................................................... 52

3.2

Master Planning ............................................................................................................................... 52


3.2.1

Introduction.......................................................................................................................... 53

3.2.2

Consultation ........................................................................................................................ 57

3.2.3

The Master Planning Process ............................................................................................. 62

3.2.4

Preplanning ......................................................................................................................... 65

3.2.5

Traffic Forecasts.................................................................................................................. 69

3.2.6

Data Collection, Site Evaluation and Facility Potential .......................................................70

3.2.7

Requirements Analysis........................................................................................................ 76

3.2.8

Development of Options...................................................................................................... 92

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3.2.9

Environmental Responsibility ............................................................................................107

3.2.10 Land Use Planning ............................................................................................................117


3.2.11 Outline Development Plan.................................................................................................124
3.2.12 Financial Assessment .......................................................................................................128
3.2.13 Reporting/Deliverables ......................................................................................................128
3.2.14 Master Planning on a Greenfield Site ...............................................................................133
3.2.15 References ........................................................................................................................146
3.3

Airside Infrastructure  IXWXUHUROORXW ..........................................................46

3.4

Passenger Terminal .......................................................................................................................146


3.4.1

Introduction........................................................................................................................146

3.4.2

Terminal Design Considerations .......................................................................................147

3.4.3

Terminal Planning Concepts .............................................................................................164

3.4.4

Terminal Capacity and Level of Service ...........................................................................183

3.4.5

Level of Service Concept and Planning Guidelines ..........................................................191

3.4.6

DemandCapacity Assessment ........................................................................................195

3.4.7

The Optimum Solution and Balanced Capacity ..............................................................199

3.4.8

Passenger Process ...........................................................................................................200

3.4.9

Segregation and Security Requirements in Airport Terminals ..........................................204

3.4.10 Vertical and Horizontal Circulation ....................................................................................206


3.4.11 Departures.........................................................................................................................208
3.4.12 Transfers ...........................................................................................................................270
3.4.13 Arrivals ..............................................................................................................................273
3.4.14 Commercial and Retail Opportunities ...............................................................................303
3.4.15 Access to Air Travel for Persons with Reduced Mobility ..................................................311
3.4.16 Toilet Provisions ................................................................................................................319
3.4.17 Passenger Wayfinding and Signage .................................................................................322
3.4.18 Landside Access Systems and Forecourts .......................................................................326
3.5

Cargo Terminal IXWXUHUROORXW .......................................................................................................334

3.6

Airport Support Elements (future roll-out)....................................................................................... 334

3.7

Surface Access Systems (future roll-out)........................................................................................ 334

Glossary .......................................................................................................................................................... 335


Acronyms ........................................................................................................................................................342

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