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Cambodia

Goods Imports: CIF, by origin

Goods Exports: FOB, by last known destination

Trade System: General

Overview:
In 2012, the value of merchandise exports of Cambodia increased substantially by 16.9 percent to reach 7.8 bln US$, while its merchandise
imports increased substantially by 15.0 percent to reach 7.1 bln US$ (see graph 1, table 2 and table 3). The merchandise trade balance recorded
a relatively small surplus of 775.5 mln US$ (see graph 1). The largest merchandise trade balance was with MDG Developed North America
at 2.3 bln US$ (see graph 4). Merchandise exports in Cambodia were diversified amongst partners; imports were also diversified. The top 9
partners accounted for 80 percent or more of exports and 7 partners accounted for 80 percent or more of imports (see graph 5). In 2010, the
value of exports of services of Cambodia increased moderately by 7.3 percent, reaching 1.7 bln US$, while its imports of services increased
moderately by 6.2 percent and reached 1.1 bln US$ (see graph 2). There was a moderate trade in services surplus of 662.7 mln US$.

Graph 1: Total merchandise trade, by value

Graph 2: Total services trade, by value

(Bln US$ by year)

(Bln US$ by year)


Exports

Imports

Trade Balance

1.5

Exports

Imports

Trade Balance

0.5
(na)

(na) (na) (na)

Exports Profile:
"Miscellaneous manufactured articles" (SITC section 8), "machinery and
transport equipment" (SITC section 7) and "crude materials + anim. &
veg. oils" (SITC section 2+4) were the largest commodity groups for
exports in 2012 representing respectively 88.6, 4.5 and 2.8 percent of
exported goods (see table 2). From 2010 to 2012, the largest export
commodity was "unused postage, revenue or similar stamps of current
or new issue" (HS code 4907) (see table 1). The top three destinations
for merchandise exports were the United States, China, Hong Kong SAR
and Singapore, accounting for respectively 30.0, 21.2 and 7.7 percent of
total exports. "Travel" (EBOPS code 236) accounted for the largest share
of exports of services in 2010 at 1.3 bln US$, followed by "Transportation"
(EBOPS code 205) at 226.0 mln US$ and "Communications services"
(EBOPS code 245) at 96.1 mln US$ (see graph 3).

13

12

20

11

20

10

20

09

20

08

20

07

20

06

20

05

20

04

20

03

20

20

20

00

20

20

13

12

20

11

20

10

20

09

20

08

20

07

20

06

20

20

20

20

20

20

20

20

05

04

03

1.5

02

01

00

02

(na) (na) (na)

0.5

01

(na)

Graph 3: Exports of services by EBOPS category


(% share in 2010)
Travel ( 72.3 %)

Remaining ( 9.3 %)

Transportation
( 13.0 %)
Communication
( 5.5 %)

Table 1: Top 10 export commodities 2010 to 2012


HS
code

4-digit heading of Harmonized System 2007


All Commodities............................................................................................................
4907 Unused postage, revenue or similar stamps of current or new issue..........................
6104 Women's or girls' suits, ensembles, jackets, blazers, dresses, skirts..........................
6110 Jerseys, pullovers, cardigans, waist-coats and similar articles...................................
6103 Men's, boys' suits,jackets,trousers etc knitted or crocheted........................................
6109 T-shirts, singlets and other vests, knitted or crocheted................................................
6108 Women's or girls' slips, petticoats, briefs, panties, knitted or crocheted....................
6403 Footwear with outer soles of rubber, plastics, leather.................................................
4001 Natural rubber, balata, gutta-percha, guayule, chicle..................................................
8712 Bicycles and other cycles (including delivery tricycles), not motorised........................
6106 Women's or girls' blouses, shirts and shirt-blouses, knitted or crocheted...................

2010

Value (million US$)


2011
2012

5 590.1
1 777.0
819.9
641.6
485.0
307.9
186.2
114.1
82.7
69.4
146.3

6 704.1
1 574.9
1 038.9
781.8
685.4
485.2
201.1
184.4
190.8
109.3
143.0

Source: UN Comtrade and UN ServiceTrade

Unit value
2010 2011 2012
Unit

7 838.1
2 282.1 53.3 54.0 55.8 thsd US$/kg
1 064.8
754.2 19.3 19.7 18.3 US$/unit
741.1
586.8 6.4 6.2 6.1 US$/unit
250.1
186.5 17.7 31.5 19.2 US$/pair
US$/kg
166.8 3.1 4.3 2.9
US$/unit
253.4 228.3
141.2

SITC
code
892
844
845
843
845
844
851
231
785
844

Cambodia
Services Imports and Exports: EBOPS 2002 categories

Table 2: Merchandise exports by SITC

Table 3: Merchandise imports by SITC

(Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)

(Value in million US$, growth and shares in percentage)

Avg. Growth rates


2008-2012 2011-2012

15.8
79.3
6.6
530.9
59.1
23.4
35.4
14.7
21.0

16.9
26.3
-20.1
...
87.4
64.9
9.8
17.8
882.3

100.0
2.5
2.8
0.0
0.2
0.9
4.5
88.6
0.4

SITC
Total
0+1
2+4
3
5
6
7
8
9

Avg. Growth rates


2008-2012 2011-2012

2012

7 062.6
502.0
107.6
970.9
407.5
3 166.1
1 351.9
448.6
108.0

12.5
13.6
-5.4
30.5
14.3
13.5
5.8
3.9
30.4

(Bln US$ by MDG Regions in 2012)

(Cumulative share by ranked partners in 2012)


Trade balance

Imports
(Herfindahl Index = 0.147)

Graph 6: Imports of services by EBOPS category


(% share in 2010)
Transportation
( 57.1 %)

Travel ( 18.3 %)

Remaining ( 15.6 %)

Construction
( 9.0 %)

Exports
(Herfindahl Index = 0.136)

Top
partner

25 th

25 th

10

80

60

40

20

20

80

0%

20 th

20 th

15 th

15 th

10 th

0%

10 th

5 th

5 th

2
2.5

1
1.5

0
0.5

1
0
.5

2
1
.5

Top
partner

Developed AsiaPacific
Developed Europe
Developed N. America
Southeastern Europe
CIS
Northern Africa
SubSaharan Africa
Latin Am, Caribbean
Eastern Asia
Southern Asia
Southeastern Asia
Western Asia
Oceania

Exports

40

Imports

3
2
.5

100.0
7.1
1.5
13.7
5.8
44.8
19.1
6.4
1.5

Graph 5: Partner concentration of merchandise trade

Graph 4: Merchandise trade balance

4
3
.5

SITC
Code
Description
Total All commodities
0+1 Food, animals + beverages, tobacco
2+4 Crude materials + anim. & veg. oils
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants
5 Chemicals
6 Goods classified chiefly by material
7 Machinery and transport equipment
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles
9 Not classified elsewhere in the SITC

2012
share

15.0
26.8
1.8
15.8
19.4
15.5
19.0
-9.3
18.9

60

7 838.1
198.1
217.5
0.9
16.9
74.3
352.6
6 945.7
32.0

2012
share

0%

2012

10

SITC
Total
0+1
2+4
3
5
6
7
8
9

SITC Legend

Imports Profile:
"Goods classified chiefly by material" (SITC section 6), "machinery and
transport equipment" (SITC section 7) and "mineral fuels, lubricants" (SITC
section 3) were the largest commodity groups for imports in 2012
representing respectively 44.8, 19.1 and 13.7 percent of imported goods
(see table 3). From 2010 to 2012, the largest import commodity was "other
knitted or crocheted fabrics" (HS code 6006) (see table 4). The top three
partners for merchandise imports were China, Thailand and Viet Nam,
accounting for respectively 28.1, 12.8 and 12.7 percent of total imports.
"Transportation" (EBOPS code 205) accounted for the largest share of
imports of services in 2010 at 617.1 mln US$, followed by "Travel" (EBOPS
code 236) at 197.7 mln US$ and "Construction services" (EBOPS code 249)
at 97.5 mln US$ (see graph 6).

Table 4: Top 10 import commodities 2010 to 2012


HS
code

4-digit heading of Harmonized System 2007


All Commodities............................................................................................................
6006 Other knitted or crocheted fabrics.................................................................................
2710 Petroleum oils, other than crude...................................................................................
6004 Knitted or crocheted fabrics of a width exceeding 30 cm............................................
5515 Other woven fabrics of synthetic staple fibres.............................................................
8703 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport...............
2402 Cigars, cheroots, cigarillos and cigarettes....................................................................
5509 Yarn (other than sewing thread) of synthetic staple fibres..........................................
7108 Gold (including gold plated with platinum)...................................................................
8704 Motor vehicles for the transport of goods....................................................................
8711 Motorcycles (including mopeds) and cycles fitted with an auxiliary motor.................

2010

Value (million US$)


2011
2012

4 902.5
623.3
316.8
334.6
377.8
130.4
143.9
119.2
164.5
76.9
67.1

6 143.3
639.0
803.1
499.5
463.5
179.4
130.0
144.7
88.3
95.2
76.9

Source: UN Comtrade and UN ServiceTrade

Unit value
2010 2011 2012
Unit

7 062.6
US$/kg
768.1 5.5 6.0 6.7
US$/kg
910.1 0.3 0.6 0.9
US$/kg
593.0 4.5 5.0 5.4
US$/kg
554.6 7.1 7.6 7.5
207.6 19.8
21.0 thsd US$/unit
US$/kg
155.3 4.6 4.7 4.8
US$/kg
131.5 4.8 5.0 5.1
104.9 36.6 43.7 51.9 thsd US$/kg
149.3
147.1

SITC
code
655
334
655
653
781
122
651
971
782
785