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EN8000
Aqwa Tutorial
Evan Martin
April 9
th
, 2009
Aqwa Suite
! AQWA-LINE
! Diffraction & Radiation
! AQWA-FER
! Frequency domain with irregular waves
! AQWA-LIBRIUM
! Static and dynamic initial stability including mooring lines
! AQWA-DRIFT
! time domain with irregular waves including slow drift
! AQWA-NAUT
! non-linear time domain with regular or irregular waves
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Example Analysis Types
! Irregular Wave Motions
! AQWA-LINE
! RAOs
! AQWA-FER
! Spectral analysis
! Statistical prediction of body motions
! Coupled Body Analysis
! AQWA-LINE
! Added Mass & Damping
! AQWA-FER
! Coupling constraints
! Regular and Irregular Wave Motion in Time Domain
! AQWA-LINE
! Added Mass & Damping
! AQWA-NAUT or AQWA-DRIFT
! Motion time history
Aqwa Line Assumptions
! First order motions
! Harmonic
! Small amplitude
! Regular incident wave train
! Small amplitude compared to its length (i.e. small slope).
! Potential Flow
! Inviscid & Irrotational
! No viscous damping
! Zero or small forward speed (Fn < 0.3)
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Input Files
! File name convention: AL<id>.dat
! AL indicates Aqwa-Line analysis
! <id> arbitrary file identifier
! limited to six characters
! .dat Required file extension
! ie: Alfrygm.dat
! Structure
! Decks Sections of the input file corresponding to a
specified input type
! Cards Lines of the input file corresponding to a
specific input
Card Descriptions
! Card Descriptions
Column Numbers
Examples
Input Description
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Restart Stages
! Specify analysis to perform
! Allow analysis to be ran in parts
! Allow different programs to be used in one analysis
! Aqwa-Line Stages
! Stage 1 (Deck 1 5)
! Geometry definitions
! Global parameters
! Stage 2 (Decks 6 & 7)
! Analysis Parameters
! Stage 3 (No Inputs)
! Radiation & Diffraction analysis
Aqwa-Line Inputs
! Hull Geometry (Decks 1 to 4)
! Panels
! Description
! Node Coordinates (Deck 1)
! Connectivity (Deck 2)
! 3 or 4 node panels permitted (TPPL or QPPL)
! Guidelines
! No gaps between panels
! Normal must point outwards from the body surface into the
fluid
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Aqwa-Line Inputs
! Hull Geometry
! Panels
! Guidelines (Cont)
! Longest edge of plate shorter than 1/7
th
of the wave length
! Elements should have an aspect ratio of greater than 1/3
! Distance from the center of panel to water surface (z
s
)
! z
s
> 0.000273 * (water depth)
! z
s
> 0.0000132 * (wave length)
! Ratio of areas of adjacent plates should be greater than 1/3
Aqwa-Line Inputs
! Hull Geometry
! Masses
! Hull mass composed of one or more point masses
! One Point Mass Entire ship (CoG)
! Multiple Point Masses Lightship (CoG) & Cargo
! Etc.
! Point Mass Description
! Location (Deck 1)
! Associated Structure (Deck 2)
! Mass (Deck 3)
! Mass moment of inertia (Deck 4)
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Aqwa-Line Inputs
! Global Parameters (Deck 5)
! Water Depth
! Water Density
! Acceleration Due to Gravity
! Wave Frequency (Deck 6)
! Range selected to represent region where RAOs and
wave spectra have significant energy
! Sufficient spacing to adequately describe variation of
hydrodynamic coefficients
! AQWA-FER will interpolate between specified values if
required
Aqwa-Line Inputs
! Wave Direction (Deck 6)
! All possible directions of subsequent analysis
! Negative frequency of encounters not premitted
! Additional Stiffness (Deck 7)
! Mooring Lines
! Additional Damping (Deck 7)
! Viscous Roll Damping
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Ferry Example
! Displacement: 5,760
Tonnes
! Design Speed: 8.474 m/s
! Center of Gravity
! 47.93 m aft of FP
! 4.987 above waterplane
! Viscous Roll Damping:
5.85!106 Ns/m
! Moments of Inertia
! Roll: 3.56!108 kgm2
! Pitch: 4.84!109
! Yaw: 4.84!109
! Water Depth: 1000 m
! Frequencies: 0.25 to 2.2
rad/s
Input File Header
! Deck 0 Preliminary Deck
! Job Card
! User ID
! Program (Aqwa Line)
! Title
! User description of the file
! Options
! REST Indicates a restart
! GOON Ignore modeling rule violations
! END Required at end of options
! Restart Stages
JOB 0001 LINE
TITLE LABRADOR FERRY
OPTIONS LDOP REST END
RESTART 1 1
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Geometry Limitations
! Wave Lengths: 12.7 to 1530m
! Longest Edge:
! < 1/7th of the wave length = 1.82m
! Depth below surface (zs):
! > 0.000273 * (water depth) = 0.546m
! > 0.0000132 * (wave length) = 0.0202m
! For rectangular panel, minimum angle with surface
! asin(2*0546/1.82) = 37
Panel Layout
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Hull Geometry
! Deck 1 Coordinate Positions
01 COOR
01 1 0.000 0.000 0.000
01 2 -2.000 0.000 -0.970
...
01 969 -100.320 3.302 0.000
END019999 -47.932 0.000 4.987
02 ELM1
02SYMX
02TPPL DIFF (1)(1,1)(2,1)(3,1)
...
02QPPL DIFF (1)(11,1)(16,1)(17,1)(12,1)
...
END02PMAS (1)(9999)(1)(1)
02 FINI
! Deck 2 Coordinate Positions
Student Activity
! Based on printouts from the Aqwa reference
manual AQWA Reference.chm, write the input for
the selected deck.
! Use the inputs given below
! Pay attention to the number of spaces required
! Displacement: 5,760 Tonnes
! Design Speed: 8.474 m/s
! Center of Gravity
! 47.93 m aft of FP
! 4.987 above waterplane
! Viscous Roll Damping:
5.85!106 Ns/m
! Moments of Inertia
! Roll: 3.56!108 kgm2
! Pitch: 4.84!109
! Yaw: 4.84!109
! Water Depth: 1000 m
! Frequencies: 0.25 to 2.2
rad/s
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Student Activity
! Deck 3 Material Properties
! Ships Displacement
03 MATE
END03 1 575.876E4
04 GEOM
END04PMAS 1 3.5625E8 0.0 0.0
4.8440E9 0.0 4.8440E9
! Deck 4 Geometric Properities
! Mass Moments of Inertia
Student Activity
! Deck 5 Global Parameters
! Water Depth
! Water Density
! Acceleration Due to Gravity
05 GLOB
05DPTH 1000.0
05DENS 1025.0
END05ACCG 9.806
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Student Activity
! Deck 6 Frequencies and Directions
! Wave Frequencies
! Wave Heading
! Forward Speed
06 FDR1
06FREQ 1 3 0.250 0.300 0.350
06FREQ 4 6 0.400 0.450 0.500
...
06FREQ 28 30 2.100 2.150 2.200
06DIRN 1 1 180.0
END06FWDS 8.474
! Note: Aqwa only allows one direction to be used when
a forward speed is given
Student Activity
! Deck 7 Frequency Dependent Parameters
! Roll Damping
! Position of COG relative to waterline
07 WFS1
07FIDD 5.85E6
END07ZCGE 4.987
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Analysis
! Completed Input Files
! alfrygm.dat
! alfryhd.dat
! Run Commands
! C:\aqwa\utils\aqwa57a LINE frygm
! copy alfrygm.res alfryhd.res
! C:\aqwa\utils\aqwa57a LINE fryhd
! Example Output File
! Alfryh2d180.lis
Plot of RAOs
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Plot of Phase Angles