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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No.

7
ISSN: 1837-7823


Generalised LP-Sasakian Manifolds
L K Pandey
D S Institute of Technology & Management, Ghaziabad, U.P. - 201007
dr.pandeylk@rediffmail.com

Abstract
In 1989, K. Matsumoto [1] introduced the notion of manifolds with Lorentzian paracontact metric structure
similar to the almost paracontact metric structure which is defined by I. Sato [4], [5]. Also in 1988, K. Matsumoto
and I. Mihai [2] discussed on a certain transformation in a Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold. T. Suguri and S.
Nakayama [6] considered D-conformal deformations on almost contact metric structure.
In this paper generalised Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold [3], generalised nearly LP-Sasakian manifolds
and generalised almost LP-Sasakian manifolds have been discussed and some of their properties have been
established. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a generalised D-conformal transformation in a generalised LP-
Contact manifold.

Keywords: Generalised nearly and almost LP-Sasakian manifolds, generalised LP-Co-symplectic manifolds,
generalised D-conformal transformation.

1. Introduction
An n-dimensional differentiable manifold

, on which there are defined a tensor field of type (1, 1), two
contravariant vector fields
1
and
2
, two covariant vector fields
1
and
2
and a Lorentzian metric g, satisfying for
arbitrary vector fields , , ,
(1.1) = +
1
()
1
+
2
()
2
,
1
= 0,
2
= 0,
1
(
1
) = 1,
2
(
2
) = 1, ,
1
() = 0,

2
() = 0, rank =n-2
(1.2) g (, ) =g (, ) +
1
()
1
() +
2
()
2
(), where
1
() = (,
1
),
2
() = (,
2
)
`(, ) , = `(, ),
Then

is called a generalised Lorentzian Para-Contact manifold (a generalised LP-Contact manifold).


Let D be a Riemannian connection on

, then we have
(1.3) (a) (

`) , + (

`),
1
()(

1
)()
2
()(

2
)()
1
()(

1
)()

2
()(

2
)() = 0
(b) (

`) , + (

`)(, )
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
1
()(

1
)

2
()(

2
) = 0
(1.4) (a) (

`) , + (

`) , = 0
(b) (

`) , +(

`) , = 0
A generalised LP-Contact manifold is called a generalised Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold (a generalised LP-
Sasakian manifold) if
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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No. 7
ISSN: 1837-7823


(1.5) (a) 2(

)() {
1
() +
2
()} , (
1
+
2
) = 0
(b) 2(

`)(, ) {
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} , = 0
(c)

1
=
2
,

2
=
1

On this manifold, we have
(1.6) (a) (

1
) = (

2
) = ,
(b) (

1
)( ) +
2
() = (

2
)( ) +
1
() = `(, ) (c)

1
=
2
,

2
=
1

From (1.5) (b), the equation of a generalised LP-Sasakian manifold can be written as
(1.7) (a) 2(

`), = {
1
() +
2
()}`(, )
(b) 2(

`) , = {
1
() +
2
()} ,
(c) 2(

`)(, ) =
1
()(

1
)( ) +
2
()(

2
)( ) + {
1
() +
2
()} ,
Nijenhuis tensor in a generalised LP-Contact manifold is given by
(1.8) `(, , ) =

`(, )

`(, ) (

`), + (

`)(, )
Where `(, , ) (( , ), )
2. Generalised nearly and almost Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold
A generalised LP-contact manifold will be called a generalised nearly Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold
(a generalised nearly LP-Sasakian manifold) if
(2.1) 2(

`)(, ) {
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} ,
= 2(

`)(, ) {
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} ,
= 2(

`)(, ) {
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} ,
The equation of a generalised nearly LP-Sasakian manifold can be modified as
(2.2) (a) 2(

) 2(

) {
1
() +
2
()} + {
1
() +
2
()} = 0
(b) 2(

`)(, ) 2(

`)(, ) {
1
() +
2
()} , + {
1
() +
2
()} , = 0
These equations can be written as
(2.3) (a) 2(

) 2(

) + {
1
() +
2
()} = 0
(b) 2(

`), 2

`(, ) + {
1
() +
2
()} `(, ) = 0
(2.4) (a) 2(

) 2(

) +{
1
() +
2
()} = 0
(b) 2(

`) , 2

` (, ) + {
1
() +
2
()} , = 0
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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No. 7
ISSN: 1837-7823


(2.5) (a) 2(

) 2(

)
1
(){

1
+ (

1
)}
2
(){

2
+ (

2
)} +
1
(){

1
+
(

1
)} +
2
(){

2
+(

2
)} = 0
(b) 2(

`)(, ) 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
) + (

1
`)( , )
2
()(

2
) +
(

2
`)( , ) +
1
()(

1
) + (

1
`)( , ) +
2
()(

2
) + (

2
`)( , ) = 0
A generalised LP-Contact manifold will be called a generalised almost Lorentzian Para-Sasakian manifold (a
generalised almost LP-Sasakian manifold) if
(2.6) (

`)(, ) +(

`)(, ) + (

`)(, )
{
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} , {
1
() +
2
()} , = 0
3. Generalised Lorentzian Para-Co-symplectic manifold
A generalised LP-Contact manifold will be called a generalised Lorentzian Para-Co-symplectic manifold
(a generalised LP-Co-symplectic manifold) if
(3.1) (a) 2(

)
1
()

1

2
()

2
(

1
)
1
(

2
)
2
= 0
(b) 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
) = 0
Therefore a generalised LP-Co-symplectic manifold is a generalised LP-Sasakian manifold if
(3.2) (a) (

1
) = (

2
) = ,
(b) (

1
)( ) +
2
() = (

2
)( ) +
1
() = `(, ) (c)

1
=
2
,

2
=
1

A generalised LP-Contact manifold will be called a generalised nearly Lorentzian Para-Co-symplectic manifold (a
generalised nearly LP-Co-symplectic manifold) if
(3.3) 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
= 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
= 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
1
()(

1
)
2
()(

2
)
It is clear that a generalised nearly LP-Sasakian manifold is a generalised nearly LP-Co-symplectic manifold, in
which
(3.4) (a) (

1
) = (

2
) = ,
(b) (

1
)( ) +
2
() = (

2
)( ) +
1
() = `(, ) (c)

1
=
2
,

2
=
1

A generalised LP-Contact manifold will be called a generalised almost LP-Co-symplectic manifold if
(3.5) 2(

`)(, ) + 2(

`)(, ) + 2(

`)(, )
1
()(

1
) + (

1
)

2
()(

2
) + (

2
)
1
()(

1
) +(

1
)
2
(){(

2
) +
(

2
) }
1
()(

1
) +(

1
)
2
()(

2
) + (

2
) = 0


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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No. 7
ISSN: 1837-7823


Therefore, A generalised almost LP-Co-symplectic manifold is a generalised almost LP-Sasakian manifold if
(3.6) (a) (

1
) = (

2
) = ,
(b) (

1
)( ) +
2
() = (

2
)( ) +
1
() = `(, ) (c)

1
=
2
,

2
=
1

4. Completely Integrable manifolds
Barring, , in (1.8) and using equations (2.1), (1.4) (a), we get `( , , ) =0,which implies that a
generalised nearly LP-Sasakian manifold is completely integrable.
Barring X, Y, Z in (1.8) and using equations (2.6), (1.4) (a), we see that a generalised almost LP-Sasakian manifold
is completely integrable if
(4.1) (

`)( , ) + (

`)( , ) = (

`)( , )

5. Generalised D- Conformal transformation.
Let the corresponding J acobian map B of the transformation b transforms the structure (,
1
,
2
,
1
,
2
, )
to the structure (,
1
,
2
,
1
,
2
, ) such that
(5.1) (a) = (b) ( , ) =

g ,
2

1
()
1
()
2

2
()
2
()
(c)
1
=

1
,
2
=

2
(d)
1
( ) =

1
(),
2
( ) =

2
()
Where is a differentiable function on

, then the transformation is said to be generalised D-conformal


transformation. If is a constant, the transformation is known as D-homothetic.
Theorem 5.1 Thestructure (,
1
,
2
,
1
,
2
, ) is generalised Lorentzian Para-Contact.
Proof. Inconsequence of (1.1), (1.2), (5.1) (b) and (5.1) (d), we have
(, ) =

g , = ( , ) +
2

1
()
1
() +
2

2
()
2
()
= ( , ) + {
1
( )}{
1
( )} + {
2
( )}{
2
( )}
This implies
(5.2) (, ) = ( , ) +
1
( )
1
( ) +
2
( )
2
( )
Making the use of (1.1), (5.1) (a), (5.1) (c) and (5.1) (d), we get
(5.3) = = +
1
()
1
+
2
()
2
= + {
1
( )}
1
+ {
2
( )}
2

Also
(5.4)
1
=

1
= 0,
2
=

2
= 0
Equations (5.2), (5.3) and (5.4) prove the statement.
Theorem 5.2 Let and be the Riemannian connections with respect to h and g such that
(5.5) (a)

+ (, ) (b) `(, , ) (( , ), )
Then
(5.6) 2

=
2

[2

{(X)
1
(Y)
1
+()
2
(Y)
2
+ (Y)
1
(X)
1
+ (Y)
2
(X)
2
(
1
G)
1
(X)
1
()
(
1
G)
2
(X)
2
(Y)}+(

1)(

1
)() +(

1
)() 2
1
(, )
1
+ (

1)(

2
)() +
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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No. 7
ISSN: 1837-7823


(

2
)() 2
2
(, )
2
+ (

1){
1
()(

1
) +
2
()(

2
) +
1
()(

1
)+
2
()(

2
)

1
()(
1

1
)()
2
()(
1

2
)()
1
()(
1

1
)()
2
()(
1

2
)()}]
Proof. Inconsequence of (5.1) (b), we have
( , ) =

g ,
2

1
()
1
()
2

2
()
2
()
Consequently
(5.7) (

, ) + (,

) =
()

g , +

g

, +

g ,

2()
2

1
()
1
()
2
(

1
)()
1
()

2
(

1
)()
1
()
2

1
(

)
1
()
2

1
(

)
1
()
2()
2

2
()
1
()
2
(

2
)()
2
()
2
(

2
)()
2
()

2

2
(

)
2
()
2

2
(

)
2
()
Also
(5.8) (

, ) + (,

) =

g

,
2

1
(

)
1
()
2

2
(

)
2
() +


g (, ),
2

1
(, )
1
()
2

2
(, )
2
() +

g , (,

2

1
()
1
(, )
2

2
()
2
(, ) +

g ,

1
(

)
1
()

2

2
(

)
2
()
Equations (1.3) (a), (5.7) and (5.8) imply
(5.9) ()g , 2()

1
()
1
() 2()

2
()
2
() (

1){(

1
)()
1
() +
(

2
)()
2
() + (

1
)()
1
() + (

2
)()
2
()} = `(, , ) + `(, , )
(

1) {
1
(, )
1
() +
2
(, )
2
() +
1
(, )
1
() +
2
(, )
2
()}
Writing two other equations by cyclic permutation of , , and subtracting the third equation from the sum of the
first two equations and using symmetry of ` in the first two slots, we get
(5.10)
2`(, , ) = 2

()
1
()
1
() + ()
2
()
2
() + ()
1
()
1
() + ()
2
()
124242
()
()
1
()
1
() ()
2
()
2
() (

1)
1
()(

1
)() + (

1
)() 2
1
(, ) +

2
()(

2
)() + (

2
)() 2
2
(, ) +
1
(){(

1
)() (

1
)()} +
2
(){(

2
)()
(

2
)()} +
1
(){(

1
)() (

1
)()} +
2
(){(

2
)() (

2
)()}
This gives
(5.11)
2(, ) = 2

[()
1
()
1
+ ()
2
()
2
+ ()
1
()
1
+ ()
2
()
2
(
1
)
1
(X)
1
(Y)
(
1
)
2
(X)
2
(Y)] (

1)(

1
)() + (

1
)() 2
1
(, )
1
+ (

2
)() + (

2
)()
2
2
(, )
2
+
1
()(

1
) +
2
()(


2
) +
1
()(

1
) +
2
()(


2
)
1
()(
1

1
(Y)

2
()(
1

2
)(Y)
1
(Y)(
1

1
)(X)
2
(Y)(
1

2
)(X)]
Substitution of (5.11) into (5.5) (a) gives (5.6).

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International J ournal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, October 2014 Vol. 5, No. 7
ISSN: 1837-7823



References
[1] Matsumoto, K. (1989) On Lorentzian Paracontact Manifolds, Bull. Of Yamagata Univ.,Nat Sci.,Vol. 12,
. No.2, pp. 151-156.
[2] Matsumoto, K. and Mihai, I. (1988) On a certain transformation in a Lorentzian Para-Sasakian Manifold,
Tensor N. S., Vol. 47, pp. 189-197.
[3] Nivas, R. and Bajpai, A. (2011) Study of Generalized Lorentzian Para-Sasakian Manifolds, Journal of
International Academy of Physical Sciences, Vol. 15 No.4, pp. 405-412.
[4] Sato, I. (1976) On a structure similar to almost contact structure I, Tensor N.S.,30, pp. 219-224.
[5] Sato, I. (1977) On a structure similar to almost contact structure II, Tensor N.S.,31, pp. 199-205.
[6] Suguri, T. and Nakayama, S. (1974) D-conformal deformation on almost contact metric structures, Tensor
N. S., 28, pp. 125-129.



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