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2013 Connective Tissue Quiz

Written Review
*This quiz is True/False and short answers (application questions)
1. Know the most common of the connective tissues, most common of
the cartilages, strongest and weakest of the cartilages. Most common is
adipose, tendons and ligaments, bone, blood , then cartilage. Most
Common cartilage is hyaline. Strongest cartilage is Fibrocartilage and
weakest is hyaline.
2. Names for the cells in each Connective tissue. Adiposcyte,
Chondrocyte, osteocyte, WBC, RBC, Cell body, Neuroglia, fibroblast
3. Characteristics for ALL Connective tissues
4. Functions/locations of each type of Connective tissue
5. Characteristics of the 3 types of muscle tissues
6. Types of avascular Connective tissue. Cartilage (avascular, without
nerves)
7. 2 types of fibers we have talked about in Connective tissue and their
functions Collagin and elastic
8. Categories of cells in Connective tissue-examples-wandering/fixed
Wandering = WBC, plasma. Fixed: basically everything else
9. Viscosity of matrices in Connective tissue:
how are they
different/why?
10. Review tissue repair-the types and other key terms.

11. Know key terms we talked about with bone tissue. How/why is the
matrix different?
12. Understand how reticular tissue functions.
The fibers form a soft skeleton (stroma) to support
Mucous connective tissue
Location: under skin and developing bones of embryo. In Adults, sometimes by blood vessels
Function: forms all other kinds of connective tissue
Mesenchyme
Location: under skin and developing bones of embryo.
Function: forms all other kinds of connective tissue
Areolar (loose)
Location: subcutaneous layer of skin, mucous membranes, along blood vessels, nerves
Function: strength, elasticity, support
Adipose (loose)
Location: around heart, kidney, padding around joints, subcutaneous layer deep to skin
Function: reduces heat loss, energy reserve, support and protection
Reticular (loose)
Location: stroma of liver, spleen, lymph nodes, around blood vessels and muscles
Function: forms stroma, binds together smooth muscle tissue
Bone
Location: bones
Function: support, protection, storage, houses blood forming tissue
Herversian canal, canaculi (lines) , lacuna (osteocyte inside, lamaae(rings)
Blood
Location: blood vessels, heart
Function: transport of o2 and co2, wbc phagocytosis, clotting
Nerve
Location: nervous system
Function: sends neural impulses
Cardiac
Location: heart wall
Function: pumps blood to all parts of body
-intercalated discs, nuclei in middle, striations
Smooth
locatoin: airways of lungs, stomach, intestines
function: motion: construction of blood vessels and airways, propulsion of food through
gastrointestinal tract, contraction of bladder
Skeletal
Location: attached to bones
Function: motion, posture, heat production
Elastic Cartilage

-locatoin: lid on top of larynx, external ear, auditory tubes


Function: gives support and maintains shape. Flexibility
Hyaline Cartilage
Location: ends of long bone, anterior ends of ribs, nose, trachea, bronchi, larynx
Function: provides smooth surfaces for movement at joints, as well as flexibility and support
Fibrocartilage
Location: pubic symphysis, intervetbre disks, meniscus of knee
Function: support and rigidity