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Sri Madhwacharya Seva Sangha

EKKADASI

(VICHAARA & AACHAARA)

PREFACE

While appreciating the work done by our Sangha, Dr.V.Prabhanjanacharya, in his Presidential address, during 1996 Sri Teekacharya Aradhana, suggested that our Sangha should undertake in future the job of publishing Madhwa literature. The outcome of his suggesstion is this booklet on Ekaadasi. Sri Madhwacharya extolled the greatness of Ekaadasi and asked everyone to observe it strictly so that the fire of merit that accrues from observing an Ekaadasi reduces to ashes the sins of hundreds of births. Due to lack of pooled knowledge about it, a vast majority of Madhwas are not in the know of its fuller details. It is for the benefit of those, to enlighten them on finer points, this booklet is brought out by the Sangha as its maiden attempt. Our fervent appeal to all Madhwas, is to read this and tell others about Ekaadasi and be the worthy recipients of His Grace. Nothing gives more joy to the Sangha than to become instrumental in spreading the precepts of Sri Madhwacharya and enlarging their scope for propagation.

October 1, 1997.

CONTENTS

1. Introduction

2. Dasami

3. Ekaadasi

4. Why Ekaadasi fasting?

5. Ekaadasi Vichaara

6. Ekaadasi Achaara (Dos & Dont's)

7. Dwaadasi

8. Sankalpa Mantras

INTRODUCTION

The Vedic religion presupposes that Dharma is maintained by the observance of truth, prayer and ritual. If religion is compared to the human body, its ritualism would be the legs and its philosophy the head. It means no religion can stand without ritualism. Since moral and spiritual discipline have a special place in the Vedic religion, rituals like Vrathas form and integral part of it. Some Vaishnava Vrathas are obligatory and some others are optional. The Ekaadasi fast on the eleventh day of each fortnight in a month and the Pithru-Tharpana or libations of water to the spirits of one's ancestors on the new moon day are mandatory rites. The observer has the satisfaction that he has done something sacred which is different from the secular. This psychological function of ritualism provides an outlet for religious emotion. Ekaadasi fasts and vigils without eating and drinking are not without their disciplinary value. It is a lesson in selfcontrol. The central theme of Ekkadasi fast is to feel a profound mystical experience in which the soul feels the nearness of God by various ritual acts. Sri Madhwacharya in his work 'Krishnamrutha Mahaarnava' established beyond doubt that only after the practice of such a Vratha that our other activities bear fruit. God's infinite grace is possible only to a pure heart; and a pure heart in turn is attained only through right living.

A true Vaishava does not take even a single morsel of food or a drop of water to allay

hunger or thirst. The whole day and night are spent in devotion, prayer and religious

study. Since, Sri Madhwacharya has prescribed Ekaadasi fast as compulsory just like Sandhya Vandhanam it becomes mandatory for Madhwas. Apart from the fast, jagarane

is also prescribed on Ekaadasi nights, when men and women sing and dance in praise of

God and pass the whole night without sleep. The greatness of Ekaadasi vow has been extolled in the story of Ambareesha in the Bhagavatham, by Sri Madhwacharya in his Krishnamrutha Mahaarnava, Sri Vadhiraja in his "Ekaadasi Nimaya" and a host of haridasas like Sri Purandaradasa, Sri Vijaya Dasa, Sri Gopala dasa have also extolled through their devarnamas the uniqueness of Ekaadasi Vratha. Sir Vijaya Dasa in his song "Ekaadasi Vrathada Mahithya" says that the efficacy of this Vartha was first mentioned by Lord Padmanabha to his consort Lakshmi and later to Brahma, who imparted it to

Narada.

Na Kaashi na Gaya Ganga na rewa cha Gowthami Na Chaapi KauravamKshethram, thulyambhoopaHaredrinaath.

- Padma Puraanam

Padmapuraanam says that sacred rivers like Ganga, Narmada, Godavari etc. and holy places like Kashi, Gaya, Kurushetra etc., cannot equal the merit of Ekaadasi Vratha.

DASAMI

Ekaadasi Vratha begins with the sankalpaon the Dasami day, fasting on the Ekaadasi day and parane on Dwaadasi day. Since it is spread over three days it goes by the name Dinathraya or three-day Vratha. The evening meals on the Dasami and Dwaadasi days along with abstaining from both the meals on the Ekaadasi day, will make a total of four meals forbidden on these three days.

EKKADASI

The literal meaning of the word Ekaadasi is one plus ten, where ONE stands for the Lord. Shri Vishnu Sashasra Nama Sthothram calls HIM "Ekasmai Namah" meaning salutations to the ONE. So in the very name of Ekaadasi Shri Hari is present and so it is auspicious day. Since Shri Hari is the presiding deity for Ekaadasi it is called 'Haridina' meaning a day to be dedicated entirely for worshipping HIM, meditating upon Him, listening to HIS glory and studying the scriptures. In short, anything we do on this day should please the Lord. Sri Purandara Dasa says "Vrathagalellavu Haridina Vrathadahinde". This is a unique concept to the followers of Dwaita philosophy. In Adwaita, Ekaadasi is just like any other day. In Vishistadwaita, Vaikunta Ekaadasi alone is meant for fasting and the day is spent in worshipping HIM and not other Ekaadasis.

Observance of Ekaadasi by fasting and meditating on the Divinity with implicit faith, is an excellent reflection of sathwa guna. The Lord mentions in the Gita that none born of prakruthi is free from the influence of three gunas, viz., sathwa, rajas and thamas. Of the three, sathwa is given the highest place because the jeeva in whom sathwa guna dominates moves towards the Nivruthi Marga i.e., Jnana - Bhakthi - Vairagya - Moksha. To such souls God reveals Himself. It is, therefore, compulsory to all castes and creeds, for young and old, for men and women to develop sathwa guna. Even our puranas proclaim that ekaadasi vow is for all people, at all places, for all times, since it has been gifted to us by our sages for our physical and spritual well - being. Its observance cleanses the mind and paves the way for Jnana. It is an established fact when one does not take food even though there is a desire for it, there will be increase in self - control and it develops a strong will-power. One who controls hunger will be away from sin because hunger is the root cause of many a sin. Shrimad Acharya says in Krishnamurtha Mahaarnava that the fire of merit that accrues from observing an Ekaadasi reduces to ashes the sins of hundred of births.

SIGNIFICANCE OF FASTING

The moon is not in its full glory during Ekaadasi due to its movements. The food that is, therefore, consumed on these days remains undigested. Moon is the solicitation deity for food. Upavaasa does not mean mere fasting - it means Saameepya Vaasa (dwelling in proximity to the Lord) with archana, japa, karthashravana, niraahara and jaagarna. So after setting apart sometime to basic necessities the whole day and night is to be spent in thinking about HIS glories. Even if Shraadha falls on this day, it is to be performed on the Dwaadasi day only: By fasting on Ekaadasi day one can earn the unlimited grace of the Lord and attain Vaikuntaa. By fasting and meditating on God the body becomes pure and worthy to be called the temple of God. Varaaha Puraana says the pregnant woman, mothers of young children and those who are very weak can partake fruits like dates, banana, grapes, coconut, milk, curds and grains which are not cooked. They will not be considered to have broken the vow. All sins indulged in by the body and mind are wiped out by Upavaasa. No Vratha can be compared with Ekaadasi are considered thieves and deserve to be punished, says the Krishnaamrutha Mahaarnava. It is, therefore, a sin to look at even the face of one who eats food on this day.

WHY EKAADASI FASTING?

1. It is Haridina-meant for spritual activity only.

2. Food will not be digested since the moon is not in full glory.

3. Shrimad Acharya has prescribed fasting, so it is mandatory to us.

4. Its observance reduces all sins to ashes.

5. Fasting tones up our health and keeps the body and the mind trim.

EKAADASI VICHAARA

Fixing of Ekaadasi thithi is different from other thithis. All other thithis are treated as complete from one sun-rise to the next except Ekaadasi thithi. It is determined with reference to Arunodaya. four Ghatikas before sunrise is called Arunodaya. One Ghatia = 24 minutes i.e., 4 x 24 = 96 mts. before sunrise is Arunodaya. If sun-rise for example is 5.36 am for a day - Arunodaya will be 1 hour 36 mts. before that i.e. 5.36 - 1.36 = 4.00 am. If there is a trace of Dasami at the time of Arunodaya that Ekaadasi is called Viddha Ekaadasi and no fasting on such and Ekaadasi is allowed. If no fasting is done on Viddha Ekaadasi, fasting is done on Dwaadasi day and parane on Thrayodasi day.

In situations when Dasami, Ekaadasi, Dwaadasi fall on the same day, fasting should not be observed as there is Dasami Viddha. So fasting is done the next day. When Ekaadasi is not touched by Dasami and when there is Dwaadasi thithi on Thrayodasi day also (that means Ekaadasi thithi is there on tow consecutive Arunodayas) the fast should be continued and not broken on the first Dwaadasi. That means two consecutive days of fasting - it is called Athiriktha Ekaadasi and parane on Thrayodasi day. Athirikta means excessive. It can come in any month of the year although rare.

There is another occasion for two days of fasting when Dwaadasi has a contact of Shravana star and reigns during the afternoon. Such a Dwaadasi is called Shravana Dwaadasi. So along with a fast on Ekaadasi it is compulsory to fast on Shravana Dwaadasi. So along with a fast on Ekaadasi it is compulsory to fast on Shravana Dwaadasi day. It is strictly observed by followers of other schools also since Shravana is the Lord's star and the day associated with the Lord is Haridina. It is sacred. Shastras permit some relaxation for the aged and the sick in fasting on the first day but not on the Shravana Dwaadasi. During a year Shravana Dwaadasi fasting generally comes thrice, i.e,., Bhaadrapada Shukla Dwaadasi, Maagha Bahula Dwaadasi and Phaalguna Bahula Dwaadasi. In 1996, Maagha Bahula Dwaadasi was Sharvana Dwaadasi and none else. In 1997, there is no Sharavana Dwaadasi fasting.

We are not supposed to fast on Smartha Ekaadasi day which is according to us Dasami. On such a day there will be Harivaasara which is called Dasami Harivaasara; and so meals is to completed before the indicated time. For example, Dasami Harivaasara falls on 26.10.97 (Sunday) and meals is to be taken before 11.48 pm because Ekaadasi begins after that time. 10.11.97 (Monday) is another Smartha Ekaadasi day which is not a fasting day for us. 22.2.98 (Sunday) is Dasami Harivaasara - meals before 11.50 pm. 8.3.98 (Sunday) is another Smartha Ekaadasi day which is not a fasting day for us.

Ekaadasi Nirnaya is ticklish and differs from Mutt to Mutt because all do not employ Aryamaana for calculations. So it is a safe bet to follow the respective Mutt Panchaangas while ascertaining the Ekaadasi.

Normally 24 (12 x 2) Ekaadasis occur in a calendar year. When in a year ther is an Adhikamaasa 2 more are added. Each of these 26 Ekaadasis are named after women of hoary past for their chastity, virtuousness, dharma etc. The following table will give the details:

MONTH SHUDDHA BAHULA

1. Chaithra Kaamada Varoodhini

2. Vaishaakh Mohini Aparaa

3. Jyeshtha Nirjala Yogini

4. Aashaadha Sayana Kaamikaa

5. Shraavana Puthrada Ajaa

6. Bhaadrapada Parivarthini Indiraa

7. Ashwayuja Paashaankusha Ramma

8. Karthika Prabodhini Uthpathi

9. Margahira Mokahadaa Suphalaa

10. Pushya Puthrada Shattila

11. Maagha Jayaa Vijayaa

12. Phaalguna Aamalaki Paapamochanaa

13. Adhika Massa Padmini Paramma

EKAADASI AACHARA

Ekaadasi is a fasting day to atone for our sins of indulging in undesirable acts, through Dashendriyas. It is a Vaishnava Vratha which is greater than all Yaagaas and its power to destroy sins is unmatched if we follow the dos and don'ts of it strictly which are given hereunder in a nutshell. This will be called aachaara.

 

Dos

Donot's

1. Worship, meditate and think about HIM.

No food, water or sleep

2. Keep awake during the night of Ekaadasi

No kind of enjoyment or sensual pleasures

3. Make a sankalpa for three day vow.

No sleep during day time on Dasami, Ekaadasi and Dwaadasi.

4. Break the fast on the Dwaadasi day as per

rules

The first part of Dwaadasi thithi is called Harivaasara and no food to be taken during that period.

5.

On Ekaadasi take theertha only once no

tulasi to be eaten and have only angaara

 

mark on the forehead.

Do not take meal in another person's house on Dasami and Dwaadasi days.

6. Tell the greatness of Ekaadasi to others.

7. Perform Ekaadasi shraadha on Dwaadasi

No cooked food to be offered as Naivedyam on Ekaadasi. No Ramaa naivedyan.

day

8.

If shraadha falls on sadhana Dwaadasi

No shraadha or homa on Ekaadasi day.

serve food to the brahmins before Dwaadasi

passes off

9.

Even on vridhi, suthaka days Ekaadasi is

to be observed.

10. Even while in their periods women have to observe Ekaadasi.

DWAADASI

Two plus ten is Dwaadasi etymologically. So the twelth day in every fortnigth is Dwaadasi, an important day in Ekaadasi Vratha Paddhathi on which day the fast is broken (execpt on the Shravana Dwaadasi). The Ekaadasi shraadha is to be performed only on Dwaadasi. If there is very little Dwaadasi thithi on the day of breaking the fast it is called Saadhana Dwaadasi or Alpha Dwaadasi. It is so called because one has to make all our effort to observe Dwaadasi in such a short time. On Sadhana Dwaadasi day one can take bath before Arunodaya. On other day one should not take bath before Arunodaya. The afternoon sandhyavandanam should also be completed before sunrise. Vaishvadeva homa, Brahma Yagna, all tharpanams to be completed within 48 minutes before actual sunrise; and one should anticipatingly await sunrise to break the fast ready to sip water from the right hand palm. To derive the benefits of Ekaadasi fasting Dwaadasi parane should be observed at the scheduled time. In the Bhagavatha, Ambareesh did the same thing. If pithru shraadha falls on Saadhana Dwaadasi brahmins should sit for partaking food before Dwaadasi passes off.

HARIVAASARA

The last part of Dasami Viddha Ekaadasi and the first part of Dwaadasi are known as Harivaasara. These are also auspicious and merit fasting. On Dasami harivaasara day food is to be taken before the time mentioned in the Panchaanga since Ekaadasi will encroach on Dasami after that time. On Dwaadasi harivaasara day, food should be taken after the time limit mentioned since Dwaadasi may not have come before that time. During harivaasara no homa, no tharpana, no Rama naivedya to be performed. Shri Madhwacharya in his Sri Krishnamrutha Mahaarnava says "A thousand solar eclipes, ten thousand Vyateepaataas and a lakh of amaavaasyas do not have on sixteenth merit of the auspiciousness of Dwaadasi". Hence the supremacy of the Dwaadasi has the greates punya thithi.

SANKALPA MANTRAS

1. DASAMI SANKALPA

Dashamee divase Parapte Vrathastoham Janaaradan Thridinam Devadevesha Nirvigham Kuru Keshava

- Brahmavaivartha Puraanam

Janaardana! Today being Dasami I am ready for the three day vow. Oh, Lord! Deva Deva! Keshava! see that no obstacles come in the way of my vow.

2. EKAADASI SANKALPA

Ekaadashyam Niraharaha Sthithvahani Parehyaham Bhookshyaami Pundareeksha Saranam Me Bhavaachyutha

- Brihannaaradeeya Puraanam XXI - 15

After fasting on Ekaadasi I will eat on Dwaadasi, Please be my reguge Oh, Achyuta! TWO DAY FASTING SANKALPA

Adyashvasheha Niraahaaro Bhootvaaham Dwaadashee Dine Vidhaasye Paaranam Deva Preetho Bhava Ma maanisham

- Varaahapuraanam

I will be on a fast today and tomorrow and break the fast on Dwaadasi. Lord! may you be pleased!

3. DWAADASI SANKALPA

Ajnaana Thimiraandhasya Vratenaanena Keshava Praseeda Sumukho Natha jnaanadristi Prado Bhava

- Brihannaradeeya Puraanam XXI-20

Oh Lord! Keshava! I am blinded by the darkness of ignorance. By my undertaking this fast on Ekaadasi may it please you to bless me with the light of knowledge.

Ekaadasyupavaasena Dwaadashee Paarnenacha Yadaarjitham Mayaa Punyam Thena Preenathu Keshavah

- Brahmavaivartha Puraanam

May Lord Keshava be pleased with the merit that accured to me by fasting on Ekaadasi and breaking the fast on Dwaadasi.

Now that the significance on Ekaadasi vow is elaborated, wast no time in joining that select group of people who undertake shuddha upavaasa on Ekaadasi and rest assured that the Lord will redeem us with His infinite Grace.

"Madhwamatha Siddhanthada Paddhathi bidabedi, bidabedi, bittu kedabedi, kedabedi"

SRI KRISHNAARPANAMASTHU

bittu kedabedi, kedabedi" SRI KRISHNAARPANAMASTHU Srila Prabhupad Speaking About Ekadasi – snippets There

Srila Prabhupad Speaking About Ekadasi – snippets

There are so many rules and regulations, and if one at all wants to understand Kåñëa, he must follow the regulative principles described in the authoritative literature. One can perform penance in accordance with those principles. For example, to undergo serious penances one may observe fasting on Janmäñöamé, the day on which Kåñëa appeared, and on the two days of Ekädaçé (the eleventh day after the new moon and the eleventh day after the full moon). (ACBSP. Bhagavad Gita 11:54. purport extract.)

One has to perform devotional service in full tapasya, austerity. One should fast on the two Ekädaçé days, which fall on the eleventh day of the waxing and waning moon, and on the birthdays of Lord Kåñëa, Lord Räma and Caitanya Mahäprabhu. There are many such fasting days. Yogena means “by controlling the senses and mind.” Yoga indriya-saàyamaù. Yogena implies that one is seriously absorbed in the self and is able, by development of knowledge, to understand his constitutional position in relationship with

the Superself. In this way one becomes fixed in devotional service, and his faith cannot be shaken by any material allurement. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam 3:27:22. purport excerpt)

Çréla Jéva Gosvämé has given quotations from many çästras stating that the çräddha ceremony of oblations to the forefathers should not be performed on Ekädaçé tithi. When the tithi of the death anniversary falls on the Ekädaçé day, the çräddha ceremony should be held not on Ekädaçé but on the next day, or dvädaçé. In the Brahma-vaivarta Puräëa it is said:

ye kurvanti mahépäla çräddhaà caikädaçi-dine trayas te narakaà yänti dätä bhoktä ca prerakaù If one performs the çräddha ceremony of oblations to the forefathers on the Ekädaçé tithi, then the performer, the forefathers for whom the çräddha is observed, and the purohita, or the family priest who encourages the ceremony, all go to hell. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam 7:14:23. purport excerpt)

To observe Ekädaçé-vrata and Dvädaçé-vrata means to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Those interested in advancing in Kåñëa consciousness must observe Ekädaçé-vrata regularly. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam 9:4:29. purport excerpt)

One may study the example of vratäni, or vows. The injunction that one should fast on Ekädaçé is a permanent vow for all Vaiñëavas, and one should not conclude from these verses that one may neglect the Ekädaçé vow. (Srimad Bhagavatam 11:12:1-2 purport excerpt)

dvädaçyäm ekädaçyäà vä çåëvann äyuñyavän bhavet paöhaty anaçnan prayataù püto bhavati pätakät

One who hears this Bhägavatam on the Ekädaçé or Dvädaçé day is assured of long life, and one who recites it with careful attention while fasting is purified of all sinful reactions. (Srimad Bhagavatam 12:12:60.)

Rämeçvara: On the calendar it says it is Bhéma-ekädaçé. Prabhupäda: Bhéma-ekädaçé, yes. Rämeçvara: So I’ve been told that if one fasts on Bhéma-ekädaçé, that it is like

fasting on all the ekädaçés. Is that true?

Prabhupäda: Yes. Ekädaçé is meant for fasting, either Bhéma or Arjuna. But

we cannot fast, therefore we have to take little fruits and

ekädaçé means fasting. Tamäla Kåñëa: If it is possible, should we go without eating at all? Prabhupäda: Yes. But don’t lie down and sleep. Mahendra: Eating mahä-prasädam is also fasting. Prabhupäda: Who says? Mahendra: You said that to Paramahaàsa Swami once. Prabhupäda: And you heard from Paramahaàsa. Mahendra: No, I was in the room. It was when he was trying to observe Caturmäsya. Prabhupäda: I never said that. Mahendra: Oh, okay, I must have heard wrong. Prabhupäda: If there is service and, on my fasting, service will be stopped, then I can take. First consideration, service. Now if somebody feels weak, he can take mahä-prasäda, render service. (ACBSP. 7th June 1976, Morning Walk. Los Angeles)

Otherwise,

ei dui-ghare prabhu ekädaçé dine viñëura naivedya mägi’ khäila äpane SYNONYMS ei dui-ghare—in these two houses; prabhu—the Lord; ekädaçé dine—on the Ekädaçé day; viñëura—of Lord Viñëu; naivedya—food offered to Lord Viñëu; mägi’—begging; khäila—ate; äpane—personally. TRANSLATION In their two houses Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu begged food on the Ekädaçé day and personally ate it. PURPORT The injunction to fast on Ekädaçé is especially meant for devotees; on Ekädaçé there are no restrictions regarding food that may be offered to the Lord. Lord Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu took the food of Lord Viñëu in His ecstasy as viñëu-tattva. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi-lila 10:71.)

vyädhi-chale jagadéça-hiraëya-sadane viñëu-naivedya khäila ekädaçé-dine SYNONYMS vyädhi-chale—on the plea of being diseased; jagadéça-hiraëya—of the names Jagadéça and Hiraëya; sadane—in the house of; viñëu-naivedya—food

offered to Lord Viñëu; khäila—ate; ekädaçé—of Ekädaçé; dine—on the day. TRANSLATION Pretending to be sick, the Lord asked some food from the house of Hiraëya and Jagadéça on the Ekädaçé day. The Caitanya-bhägavata, Ädi-khaëòa, Chapter Six, fully describes the Lord’s accepting viñëu-prasädam on the Ekädaçé day at the house of Jagadéça and Hiraëya. Regular prasädam is offered to Lord Viñëu on Ekädaçé because although fasting is recommended for devotees on Ekädaçé, it is not recommended for Lord Viñëu. Once on Ekädaçé in the house of Jagadéça and Hiraëya Paëòita there were arrangements for preparing special prasädam for Lord Viñëu, and Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu asked His father to go there to ask for the viñëu-prasädam because He was feeling sick. The house of Jagadéça and Hiraëya Paëòita was situated about two miles from the house of Jagannätha Miçra. Therefore when Jagannätha Miçra, on the request of Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, came to ask Jagadéça and Hiraëya for the prasädam, they were a little astonished. How could the boy understand that special prasädam was being prepared for Lord Viñëu? They immediately concluded that Nimäi must have supernatural mystic power. Otherwise how could He understand that they were preparing special prasädam? Therefore they immediately sent the food to Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu through His father, Jagannätha Miçra. Nimäi was feeling sick, but immediately after eating the viñëu-prasädam He was cured, and He also distributed the prasädam among His playmates. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi-lila 14:39.)

mätä bale,——täi diba, yä tumi mägibe prabhu kahe,——ekädaçéte anna nä khäibe SYNONYMS mätä bale—His mother said; täi diba—I shall give that; yä—whatever; tumi—You; mägibe—should ask me; prabhu kahe—the Lord said; ekädaçéte—on the Ekädaçé day; anna—grains; nä—don’t; khäibe—eat. TRANSLATION His mother replied, “My dear son, I will give You whatever You ask.” Then the Lord said, “My dear mother, please do not eat grains on the Ekädaçé day.” PURPORT From the very beginning of His childhood life Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu introduced the system of observing a fast on the Ekädaçé day. In the Bhakti- sandarbha, by Çréla Jéva Gosvämé, there is a quotation from the Skanda Puräëa admonishing that a person who eats grains on Ekädaçé becomes a

murderer of his mother, father, brother and spiritual master, and even if he is elevated to a Vaikuëöha planet, he falls down. On Ekädaçé, everything is cooked for Viñëu, including regular grains and dhal, but it is enjoined that a Vaiñëava should not even take viñëu-prasädam on Ekädaçé. It is said that a Vaiñëava does not accept anything eatable that is not offered to Lord Viñëu, but on Ekädaçé a Vaiñëava should not touch even mahä-prasädam offered to Viñëu, although such prasädam may be kept for being eaten the next day. It is strictly forbidden for one to accept any kind of grain on Ekädaçé, even if it is offered to Lord Viñëu. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi-lila 15:9.)

çacé kahe,——nä khäiba, bhäla-i kahilä sei haite ekädaçé karite lägilä SYNONYMS çacé kahe—mother Çacé said; nä khäiba—I shall not take; bhäla-i kahilä— You have said very nicely; sei haite—from that day; ekädaçé—Ekädaçé day; karite lägilä—began to observe. TRANSLATION Mother Çacé said, “You have spoken very nicely. I shall not eat grains on Ekädaçé.” From that day, she began to observe fasting on Ekädaçé. PURPORT It is a prejudice among smärta-brähmaëas that a widow must observe fasting on Ekädaçé but a woman who is sa-dhava—who has her husband—should not. It appears that before Lord Caitanya’s request, Çacémätä, being sa-dhava, was not observing Ekädaçé. Çré Caitanya Mahäprabhu, however, introduced the system that a woman, even if not a widow, must observe the Ekädaçé day and must not touch any kind of grains, even those offered to the Deity of Viñëu. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Adi-lila 15:10.)

In the twelfth viläsa, Ekädaçé is described. In the thirteenth viläsa, fasting is discussed, as well as observance of the Mahä-dvädaçé ceremony. In the fourteenth viläsa, different duties for different months are outlined. In the fifteenth viläsa, there are instructions on how to observe Ekädaçé fasting without even drinking water. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Madhya-lila 1:35.)

The Cäturmäsya period begins in the month of Äñäòha (June–July) from the day of Ekädaçé called Çayanä-ekädaçé, in the fortnight of the waxing moon. The period ends in the month of Kärttika (October–November) on the

Ekädaçé day known as Utthänä-ekädaçé, in the fortnight of the waxing moon. This four-month period is known as Cäturmäsya. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Madhya-lila 4:169 purport excerpt.)

kåñëa-prétye bhoga-tyäga, kåñëa-térthe väsa yävan-nirväha-pratigraha, ekädaçy-upaväsa SYNONYMS kåñëa-prétye—for satisfaction of Kåñëa; bhoga-tyäga—acceptance and rejection of something; kåñëa-térthe väsa—residence in a place where Kåñëa is situated; yävat-nirväha—as much as required to keep the body and soul together; pratigraha—acceptance of gifts; ekädaçé-upaväsa—observance of fasting on the Ekädaçé day. TRANSLATION “The next steps are as follows: (6) One should be prepared to give up everything for Kåñëa’s satisfaction, and one should also accept everything for Kåñëa’s satisfaction. (7) One must live in a place where Kåñëa is present—a city like Våndävana or Mathurä or a Kåñëa temple. (8) One should acquire a livelihood that is just sufficient to keep body and soul together. (9) One must fast on the Ekädaçé day. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Madhya-lila 22:116.)

ei sabe viddhä-tyäga, aviddhä-karaëa akaraëe doña, kaile bhaktira lambhana SYNONYMS ei sabe—all these things; viddhä-tyäga—to avoid viddha-ekädaçé or mixed Ekädaçé; aviddhä-karaëa—performing the pure Ekädaçé; akaraëe doña—the fault of not performing them; kaile—if done so; bhaktira lambhana—there will be discrepancies in devotional service. TRANSLATION “You should recommend the avoidance of mixed Ekädaçé and the performance of pure Ekädaçé. You should also describe the fault in not observing Ekädaçé. One should be very careful as far as these items are concerned. If one is not careful, one will be negligent in executing devotional service. (ACBSP. Chaitanya Charitamrita Madhya-lila 24:342.)

Observing Fasting on Ekädaçé In the Brahma-vaivarta Puräëa it is said that one who observes fasting on Ekädaçé day is freed from all kinds of reactions to sinful activities and advances in pious life. The basic principle is not just to fast, but to increase

one’s faith and love for Govinda, or Kåñëa. The real reason for observing fasting on Ekädaçé is to minimize the demands of the body and to engage our time in the service of the Lord by chanting or performing similar service. The best thing to do on fasting days is to remember the pastimes of Govinda and to hear His holy name constantly. (ACBSP. Nectar of Devotion chapter 7.)

One such occasion for remembrance is Ekädaçé, which comes twice a month on the eleventh day of the moon, both waning and waxing. On that day all the devotees remain fasting throughout the night and continuously chant the glories of the Lord. (ACBSP. Nectar of Devotion chapter 26.)

Ecstatic love for Kåñëa is also aroused on the days of Ekädaçé, which are other festive days in connection with Kåñëa. (ACBSP. Nectar of Devotion chapter 26.)

On Ekädaçé day, one should increase one’s chanting of Hare Kåñëa:

One should generally accept the following principles to properly execute devotional service: … (9) observe fasting on Ekädaçé day. (This occurs on the eleventh day after the full moon and the eleventh day after the new moon. On such days no grains, cereals or beans are eaten; simply vegetables and milk are moderately taken, and chanting Hare Kåñëa and reading scriptures are increased.) Teachings of Lord Caitanya

So one should execute Kåñëa consciousness, dharmataù, in right path, and vrataiù. Bhajante mäà dåòha-vratäù. Just like today, ekädaçé-vrata. Vrataiù. This ekädaçé-vrata is required. Just see. Here it is that “You have performed all the vratas.” The purpose of ekädaçé-vrata is that today we should not eat much usual food, grains. The actual prescription is fasting. Nirjala-ekädaçé. Nirjala means there are many devotees who does not take even water. Water,

drinking water, according to çästra, it is taking food

or no food. We can take both ways. So sometimes drinking of water is

excused as upaväsa also. But there are many devotees who even

, even a drop of water. Whole day and night they fast and observe ekädaçé-

vrata. And the night is called hariväsara. Hariväsara means the whole night they would chant Hare Kåñëa, Hare Kåñëa, Kåñëa Kåñëa, Hare Hare/ Hare

Räma, Hare Räma

It is drinking of food

drink

This is called vrata. Dåòha-vrata. Dåòha-vrata.

(ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam lecture 1:5:1-8. 23rd May 1969. New Vrindavan.)

Just like

The, everything is described in the Bhagavad-gétä. Just like in

hospital. In hospital there are many patients, they are not eating anything on the Ekädaçé day. Does it mean that is observing Ekädaçé? He is simply hankering after, “When I shall eat, when I shall eat, when I shall eat?.” But these students, they voluntarily don’t eat anything. We, we don’t say that you don’t eat anything. Some fruits, some flowers. That’s all. So paraà dåñövä nivartate. Just like a child. He has got in his hand something he’s eating. and if you give him better thing, he will throw away the inferior thing and will take that better thing. So here is Kåñëa consciousness, this better engagement, better life, better philosophy, better consciousness, everything

better. Therefore they can give up the sinful activities of life and that will promote to Kåñëa consciousness. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam lecture 1:8:30. 22nd April 1973. Los Angeles)

Absolute, then you must agree to certain type of tapasya. Otherwise it is not possible. The preliminary little tapasya. Just like ekädaçé. That is also item of the tapasya. Actually on the ekädaçé days we shall not take any food, even drink water. But in our society we are not doing so much strictly. We say, “Ekädaçé, you don’t take food grains. Take little fruit, milk.” This is tapasya. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam lecture 3:12:19. 3rd March 1975. Dallas TX USA)

The Ekädaçé, why we observe? To become pure. (ACBSP. Srimad Bhagavatam lecture 7:9:8. 21st October 1968. Seatle.)

So any way, you can help this movement and do the welfare activities for India and outside India. So that is my request. I welcome you. Of course, today is ekädaçé. We are, mostly we are fasting. Some prasädam will be given. So it is not the question of prasädam; it is the question of the important work we are taking in hand, how to spread a God consciousness movement. Otherwise, you will never be happy. (ACBSP. Cornerstone laying 23rd January 1975. Bombay.)

This is called tapasya. Just like Ekädaçé day—there is no eating sumptuously. Simply you take little fruits and flowers. Try to avoid that also. You don’t take even water. That is really ekädaçé. But because we cannot do it—in the Kali-yuga the time is different—therefore we are allowed to take little fruit

and milk, which is called anukalpa. These are different methods of tapasya. (ACBSP. Pandal program Bombay 7th April 1971.)

Devotee: On ekädaçé, we can offer the Deity grains? Prabhupäda: Oh yes. But not guru. Ekädaçé observed by jéva-tattva, not by

Viñëu-tattva. We are fasting for clearing our material disease, but Rädhä-

Kåñëa, Caitanya Mahäprabhu

offered grains because He is playing the part of a devotee. Only Rädhä- Kåñëa, Jagannätha can be offered grains. Otherwise, Guru-Gauräìga, no. And the prasädam should not be taken by anyone. It should be kept for next day. (ACBSP. Room Conversation 22nd April 1972. Japan.)

Caitanya Mahäprabhu also may not be

Guest: (Sanskrit or Hindi: Kåñëa is offered tämbüla in the temple.) Prabhupäda: No, Kåñëa can take. Guest: Yes. And that prasäda of Bhagavän Çré Kåñëa Prabhupäda: Yes.

Guest:

Prabhupäda: No, prasädam, according to our principle

day, we do not accept even prasädam. Anna. We keep it. So prasädam

like on Ekädaçé anna is prohibited, but not the Deity. Deity’s offered anna, but we cannot take the prasädam even. So following strictly the principle,

even tämbüla is offered to Kåñëa, it is not for us. Yes. Strictly following the

principle. The same example

Kåñëa, but we don’t take. Guest: The devotees are not allowed. Prabhupäda: Not allowed, yes. Guest: Äcchä. (ACBSP. Room Conversation 11th July 1973. London.)

the

devotees can take also

Just like on Ekädaçé

Just

Just like on Ekädaçé day, anna is offered to

Tamäla Kåñëa: Sometimes we have heard that ekädaçé is a inauspicious alignment of the planets and therefore one has to counteract this inauspiciousness by more chanting. Prabhupäda: (laughs) No, no. It is the most auspicious. And chanting is more effective. [break] Yes. Tamäla Kåñëa: I remember you were instructing once that all of your initiated disciples should chant twenty-five rounds Prabhupäda: Minimum. Tamäla Kåñëa: Minimum on this day. Is that a rule that we should all follow in our temples?

Prabhupäda: We are sixteen rounds. Tamäla Kåñëa: No, I mean on ekädaçé. Prabhupäda: Oh yes. Ekädaçé, simply you should chant. No other business. Nirjala. Tamäla Kåñëa: No preaching work? Should they go out for preaching? Prabhupäda: No, those who are preaching, not for them. Those who are

sitting idle, or they

preaching. A preacher is so exalted. He hasn’t got to follow any regulation.

But don’t take it. (laughter) And actually if one is busy in preaching work,

that is first-class. [break]

that the

Hayagréva. So he was to go somewhere. So but he was sick. Guru Mahäräja was informed that he was sick and “Today is ekädaçé. He cannot take his

regular meals.” So Guru Mahäräja said, “No. Let him take immediately meals and go.” Revaténandana: For preaching. [break]

Tamäla Kåñëa:

Prabhupäda: Oh yes. [break] He was not pleased with Bon Mahäräja, He

could not do anything. [break] (ACBSP. Morning Walk. 5th July 1975. Chichago)

(laughter) [break]

not

has

no other regulation, simply

my manufactured word, my Guru Mahäräja,

That Mädhava Mahäräja, when he was a brahmacäré, his name was

Mahäräja

would sacrifice everything for preaching.

Tamäla Kåñëa: We should always chant twenty-five rounds on ekädaçé if initiated. Prabhupäda: Initiated? Everyone. Why initiated? Tamäla Kåñëa: So that should be standard for our movement on ekädaçé day? Prabhupäda: Standard is sixteen, but if one can chant more, then he is welcome. Tamäla Kåñëa: It’s not mandatory for ekädaçé. Jayapatäkä: Recommended. Prabhupäda: No. Ekädaçé means that, fasting and chanting. Tamäla Kåñëa: Sometimes I’m wondering, because our men have to go out on book distribution. Prabhupäda: No, no. That is also preaching work. For that purpose you can stop this, but generally, one who has no preaching work, he can chant. (ACBSP. Morning Walk. 11th February 1976. Mayapur.)

Rämeçvara: On the calendar it says it is Bhéma-ekädaçé. Prabhupäda: Bhéma-ekädaçé, yes. Rämeçvara: So I’ve been told that if one fasts on Bhéma-ekädaçé, that it is like fasting on all the ekädaçés. Is that true?

Prabhupäda: Yes. Ekädaçé is meant for fasting, either Bhéma or Arjuna. But

we cannot fast, therefore we have to take little fruits and

ekädaçé means fasting. Tamäla Kåñëa: If it is possible, should we go without eating at all? Prabhupäda: Yes. But don’t lie down and sleep. (ACBSP. Morning Walk. 7th June 1976. Los Angeles.)

Otherwise,

But if they develop Kåñëa consciousness, this will be automatically “no.” So don’t bring many “no’s,” but give them positive life. Then it will be automatically “no.” And if you say “no,” that will be a struggle. This is the psychology. Positive engagement is devotional service. So if they are attracted by devotional service, other things will be automatically “no.” Paraà dåñövä nivartate. Just like Ekädaçé day. Ekädaçé day, we observe fasting. And there are many patients in the hospital, they are also fasting. But they’ll “No, no.” They’ll, within heart, “If I get, I shall eat, I shall eat.” But those who are devotee, they voluntarily “no.” The same fasting is going on for the devotees and the hospital patient. And that “no” and this “no,” there is difference. Paraà dåñövä nivartate. It is not meant for the mass of people, but at least if we keep a section of people ideal to the human society, they will be guided. At the present moment, there is no ideal section. Everyone is rascal, demons, rogues, everything. There is no ideal character. All politicians, scientists, leaders, they are all drunkards and woman-hunters. So what they can lead? There is no ideal man in the society. The politicians are giving big, big speech in the United Nations. They’ll go to the same hotel where another debauchee is dancing and drinking. That’s all. That is his character. Is it not? So what he will do? We can give a very big speech, that’s all. What is his character? There is no ideal character in the present human society. Do they appreciate our, these restrictions? Bhagavän: Our restrictions? Yes, they are impressed. They sometimes write about the Gurukula that we are treating roughly the children by making them so austere. But every time they show the picture, the children are always happy. (ACBSP. Room Conversation. 31st July 1976. New Mayapur - French farm.)

Prabhupäda: Oh, yes. Vegetable, fruits, very innocent, little milk. That’s all. Even if you don’t eat these foodgrains, that is preferred. Better. Vegetable and fruits and milk, that is sufficient nutritious. There is no question of disease. But for our tongue taste we eat so many cooked food, but if we eat vegetables, boiled vegetables and fruits and milk, ah, it is sufficient. Ekädaçé. (laughter) Daily ekädaçé.

And these peanuts, a few grains. Not much. That is also nice. Cashew, peanut. Yes. So thank you very much. You are working so much for Caitanya Mahäprabhu’s mission. Yäre dekha täre kaha kåñëa-upadeça [Cc. Madhya 7.128]. Bas. You become a guru. Actually you are doing the guru’s work. (ACBSP. Room Conversation. 22nd August 1976. Hyderabad.)

Prabhupäda: I stress on this cleanliness very much. If they keep unclean, I chastise them like anything. (laughing) They have learned this art. I always say, “Cleanliness is next to godliness.” Mr. Malhotra: About two years back, two, three of your devotees came to our house here. Naturally we offered them, “Would you like to have coffee, tea?” They said, “No.” Then we said, “Would you like to have Coca-cola.” They said, “No.” Then I said, “What would you like to have, milk?” “Yes.” Lassi, chach?(?) Yes. Fruit. Yes. It happened so that Giriräja came to us twice, and twice it was this ekädaçé. Now ekädaçé day they are not supposed to eat this wheat or flour or anything. So when last we came to Bangleswara (?), so we brought some paraöäs with this gobi(?) in it. Prabhupäda: Ekädaçé. Mr. Malhotra: We didn’t know about ekädaçé. When we came to Mahabaleswar, we opened. They said “No, we can’t eat because it is ekädaçé.” So we said that “No you won’t eat, so it looks odd that we should eat.” But we were very hungry, you know. In the morning we didn’t take anything. We said “All right, we eat, now we will go to the bazaar and see if we could get something.” Then we went to Mahabaleswar, it was all closed, because it was raining season. And then there was one shop which had bananas, good amount of bananas. So we took one dozen or two dozen bananas, and then Prabhupäda: Banana is very good. You can make banana and potato. Potato boil and mixed with banana, and make nice puri. And then Mr. Malhotra: How Giriräja, I just ask you, how you took to all these good things of life? I mean in natural form or with some self-discipline or with some coercion or with some what? Giriräja: It was Prabhupäda’s mercy. I was looking for a guru. Actually whenever I heard there was a swami or a yogi, I would always go, even hundreds of miles. But I was never satisfied. But Çréla Prabhupäda perfectly satisfied all of my questions. And I liked the process, chanting, dancing, taking prasädam, offering ärati, and I liked the devotees. It was very pleasing. So I immediately decided this is my real life. Mr. Malhotra: No, but not taking any wheat, like on ekädaçé day, all such things. Giriräja: That’s training. Once we surrender to the spiritual master, then he

trains us in the process of spiritual life. Prabhupäda: Sädhu-märgänugamanam, ädau gurväçrayaà sad-dharma- påcchät sädhu-märgänugamanam.(?) These are the process. Mr. Malhotra: Sädhu-märga. Prabhupäda: Sädhu-märga. Giriräja: We study the çästras every morning and evening in all of our centers, so we become educated. [break] (ACBSP. Room Conversation. 22nd December 1976. Poona.)

Dr. Patel: (Hindu) But even you get the same thing by (Hindi). So Vaiñëava cult is easier than getting the mind blank and then getting all in the

Because here your mind is engaged to Lord Himself. It is

samädhi. Prabhupäda: Paraà dåñövä nivartate. Just like a man is observing Ekädaçé, fasting. Another, in the hospital, he’s also fasting. So these two fastings, they are different. Dr. Patel: Here fasting of all the senses and applying to God. Prabhupäda: For satisfaction of Kåñëa. And there compulsory fasting, but he

has got desire. So paraà dåñövä nivartate. When you get better taste, when you stop this nonsense for better taste, that is positive. Artificially, if you do, it will not benefit. Dr. Patel: Ekädaçé, according to the Puräëas and the stories, all the eleven senses should be withdrawn from their sense objects

Prabhupäda: No, Ekädaçé, that is automatically

process for

Indian (2): (Hindi) (ACBSP. Room Conversation. 5th January 1977. Bombay.)

We call as

By Ekädaçé is one of the

(Hindi)

Prabhupäda: Therefore ekädaçé. One day or two days in the month he should practice fasting, and then he’ll be able to conquer over these things. These are all practical. So we should practice ourself and teach others. This is Kåñëa consciousness movement. And if he thinks that he’s quite all right in this material atmosphere, then he’s doomed. Müòhaù näbhijänäti. That means apräpya mäm—without achieving Kåñëa—nivartante—again he goes

back—måtyu-saàsära-vartmani [Bg. 9.3]—the cycle of birth and death. Take one birth, suffer, again take another body, again take another body, another

body. There are 400

so-called happiness, he is born as demigod, sometimes as dog, sometimes as insect, sometimes as tree. What is this business? “I am eternal. Why shall I suffer this?” This is sense. They are simply trying how to become a hog, how

, eight million four hundred

That’s all. Sometimes

to become a dog, or how to become a god. God you cannot become. You may have some partial happiness just like the demigods. They have got power. They have got high standard of living. (ACBSP. Evening Room Conversation. 25th January 1977. Puri.)

So far the Advent Day of Lord Caitanya is concerned, I have written a full suggestion to Montreal, in which the main points are that we should all observe strict fasting up till moonrise, and at that time, an offering is made to Lord Caitanya of Ekadasi foods, fruits, peanuts, milk, and so forth. Then, on the next day, Friday the 15th, a full-scale feast is held to celebrate His Advent Day. On the 14th, chanting, reading of Srila Bhaktivinode's book, Life and Precepts and Caitanya Caritamrta, Introduction to Bhagavatam, may be held all the day in the Temple. (ACBSP. Letter to Balai. 12th March 1968. San Francisco)

Regarding you first question, we observe Ekadasi from sunrise to sunrise. The 12 midnight is western astronomical calculation, but the Vedic astronomical calculation begins either from the sunrise or the moonrise. Generally it is sunrise. Our calculation is like this: when the sunrise is there, Ekadasi tithi (date) must be there. If Ekadasi tithi is not in the sunrise and the tithi begins, say after a few minutes after the sunrise, then we accept that day as previous to Ekadasi. All our ceremonies are calculated in that way. This means we must see the tithi during sunrise. Therefore, sometimes our dates of ceremonies do not exactly coincide like the western calculations. Just like Christmas Day they have fixed up on the 25th December, but our Janmastami tithi is not fixed up like that. My birthday is on the 1st September, 1896, but this year the tithi of my birthday was fixed for the 4th September. So it is very difficult to calculate, therefore we have to take help from the Indian expert almanac astronomers. (ACBSP. Letter to Madhudvisa 30th September 1969. England.)

I have duly received the bananas you sent, and you can send me these dried bananas tons and tons. It is very useful and can be nicely used for our Ekadasi foodstuffs. After drying the bananas you can make powder, just like flour, and out of this you can prepare puris, halava, pakoras and other fruit products. (ACBSP. Letter to Govinda. 27th October 1969. Tittenhurst, John Lennon's place.)

Srimati Jayasri Dasi sent me some dried banana chips and they are very nice for my Ekadasi food. Is it possible to send us in large quantity this foodstuff? If not, please try to send me at least one small packet like that every fortnight. It is very nice. The mango pulp, a sample of which was also sent to me, I don't think it has come out very nice, so there is no need of sending it. (ACBSP. Letter to Gaurasundara. 20th November 1969. London.)

Why just 25 rounds? You should chant as many as possible. Real Ekadasi means fasting and chanting and no other business. When one observes fasting, the chanting becomes easier. So on Ekadasi other business can be suspended as far as possible unless there is some urgent business. (ACBSP. Letter to Jadurani. 9th July 1971. Los Amgeles.)

Gaura Purnima instruction:

No feasting in the evening of Caitanya's birthday. Fasting all day till evening moon rise. Then take Prasadam like Ekadasi. Next day you can have full swing feasting. On the birthday if can take a procession of Kirtana on the street it is very nice. (ACBSP. Letter to Rayaram. September unknown date or place.)

More Quotes:

From: "Mahesh" Subject: EKADASI posted on Hindu Priesthood group

Date: Mon, 9 Dec 2002 15:04:06 -0000

EKADASI

SB 4.28.35-36 We can definitely see that to advance in Krsna consciousness one must control his bodily weight. If one becomes too fat, it is to be assumed that he is not advancing spiritually. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura severely criticized his fat disciples. The idea is that one who intends to advance in Krsna consciousness must not eat very much. Devotees used to go to forests, high hills or mountains on pilgrimages, but such severe austerities are not possible in these days. One should instead eat only prasada and no more than required. ACCORDING TO THE VAISNAVA CALENDAR, THERE ARE MANY FASTS, SUCH AS EKADASI AND THE APPEARANCE AND DISAPPEARANCE DAYS OF GOD AND HIS DEVOTEES. ALL OF THESE ARE MEANT TO DECREASE THE FAT WITHIN THE BODY SO THAT ONE WILL NOT SLEEP MORE THAN DESIRED AND WILL NOT BECOME INACTIVE AND

LAZY. Overindulgence in food will cause a man to sleep more than required. This human form of life is meant for austerity, and austerity means controlling sex, food intake, etc. In this way time can be saved for spiritual activity, and one can purify himself both externally and internally. Thus both body and mind can be cleansed.

SB 7.14.20-23 Visuva, or Visuva-sankranti, means Mesa-sankranti, or the day on which the sun enters the sign Aries. Tula-sankranti is the day on which the sun enters the sign Libra. Both of these days occur only once within a year. The word yoga refers to a certain relationship between the sun and moon as they move in the sky. There are twenty-seven different degrees of yoga, of which the seventeenth is called Vyatipata. On the day when this occurs, one should perform the sraddha ceremony. A TITHI, OR LUNAR DAY, CONSISTS OF THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE LONGITUDE OF THE SUN AND THAT OF THE MOON. SOMETIMES A TITHI IS LESS THAN TWENTY-FOUR HOURS. WHEN IT STARTS AFTER SUNRISE ON A CERTAIN DAY AND ENDS BEFORE THE SUNRISE OF THE FOLLOWING DAY, THE PREVIOUS TITHI AND THE FOLLOWING TITHI BOTH "TOUCH" THE TWENTY-FOUR-HOUR DAY BETWEEN THE SUNRISES. THIS IS CALLED TRYAHA-SPARSA, OR A DAY TOUCHED BY SOME PORTION OF THREE TITHIS.

Srila Jiva Gosvami has given quotations from many sastras stating that the sraddha ceremony of oblations to the forefathers should not be performed on Ekadasi tithi. WHEN THE TITHI OF THE DEATH ANNIVERSARY FALLS ON THE EKADASI DAY, THE SRADDHA CEREMONY SHOULD BE HELD NOT ON EKADASI BUT ON THE NEXT DAY, OR DVADASI. In the Brahma-vaivarta purana it is said:

ye kurvanti mahipala sraddham caikadasi-dine trayas te narakam yanti data bhokta ca prerakah

IF ONE PERFORMS THE SRADDHA CEREMONY OF OBLATIONS TO THE FOREFATHERS ON THE EKADASI TITHI, THEN THE PERFORMER, THE FOREFATHERS FOR WHOM THE SRADDHA IS OBSERVED, AND THE PUROHITA, OR THE FAMILY PRIEST WHO ENCOURAGES THE CEREMONY, ALL GO TO HELL.

69-09-30. Letter: Madhudvisa REGARDING YOU FIRST QUESTION, WE OBSERVE EKADASI FROM SUNRISE TO SUNRISE. THE 12 MIDNIGHT IS WESTERN ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATION, BUT THE VEDIC ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATION BEGINS EITHER FROM THE SUNRISE OR THE MOONRISE. GENERALLY IT IS SUNRISE. OUR CALCULATION IS LIKE THIS: WHEN THE SUNRISE IS THERE, EKADASI TITHI (DATE) MUST BE THERE. IF EKADASI TITHI IS NOT IN THE SUNRISE AND THE TITHI BEGINS, SAY AFTER A FEW MINUTES AFTER THE

SUNRISE, THEN WE ACCEPT THAT DAY AS PREVIOUS TO EKADASI. ALL OUR CEREMONIES ARE CALCULATED IN THAT WAY. THIS MEANS WE MUST SEE THE TITHI DURING SUNRISE. THEREFORE, SOMETIMES OUR DATES OF CEREMONIES DO NOT EXACTLY COINCIDE LIKE THE WESTERN CALCULATIONS. JUST LIKE CHRISTMAS DAY THEY HAVE FIXED UP ON THE 25TH DECEMBER, BUT OUR JANMASTAMI TITHI IS NOT FIXED UP LIKE THAT. MY BIRTHDAY IS ON THE 1ST SEPTEMBER, 1896, BUT THIS YEAR THE TITHI OF MY BIRTHDAY WAS FIXED FOR THE 4TH SEPTEMBER. SO IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO CALCULATE, THEREFORE WE HAVE TO TAKE HELP FROM THE INDIAN EXPERT ALMANAC ASTRONOMERS.

70-04-29. Letter: Pradyumna

2. WHEN THERE IS AN IMPORTANT DVADASI, THE EKADASI FASTING IS

TRANSFERRED ON THE DVADASI, AND THIS IS CALLED MAHADVADASI. THE 26TH OCTOBER, 1970, IS ACTUALLY DVADASI, SO THE FASTING IS OBSERVED TOGETHER, OR EKADASI FASTING IS DISREGARDED, AND THE

DVADASI (MAHADVADASI) FASTING IS TAKEN AS IMPORTANT.

You were give this old Panjika just to consult the names and spelling only. The dates are different, so whatever date I have given, that is correct. WHY YOU ARE SEARCHING BYANJALI DVADASI IN THIS LAST YEAR'S PANJIKA? WHAT I HAVE GIVEN IS FROM THIS YEAR'S PANJIKA, SO EVERYTHING WILL NOT COLLABORATE.

5. 7th February, 1971--Varaha-Dvadasi, I have explained the position in regard to #2.

6. SO FAR DETERMINING EKADASI IT IS COUNTED 11 DAYS AFTER THE

FULL MOON AND 11 DAYS AFTER THE NEW MOON, BUT SOMETIMES IT SO HAPPENS AS YOU HAVE NOTED ONE DAY LATER. HOWEVER, WHAT I HAVE

GIVEN IS CORRECT.

SB 8.16.25 AS WE GENERALLY PERFORM DEVOTIONAL SERVICE ON EKADASI BY NOT EATING GRAINS, IT IS GENERALLY RECOMMENDED THAT ON DVADASI ONE NOT CONSUME ANYTHING BUT MILK.

SB 9.4 Summary Ambarisa Maharaja Offended by Durvasa Muni Once Maharaja Ambarisa was worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead in Vrndavana, observing the vow of Dvadasi. ON DVADASI, THE DAY AFTER EKADASI, WHEN HE WAS ABOUT TO BREAK HIS EKADASI FAST, the great mystic yogi Durvasa appeared in his house and became his guest. King Ambarisa respectfully received Durvasa Muni, and Durvasa Muni, after accepting his invitation to eat there, went to bathe in the Yamuna River at noontime. Because he was absorbed in samadhi, he did not come back very soon. Maharaja Ambarisa, however, upon SEEING THAT THE TIME TO BREAK THE FAST WAS PASSING, DRANK A LITTLE WATER, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ADVICE OF LEARNED BRAHMANAS, JUST TO OBSERVE THE FORMALITY OF BREAKING THE FAST.

SB 9.4.29 TO OBSERVE EKADASI-VRATA AND DVADASI-VRATA MEANS TO PLEASE THE SUPREME PERSONALITY OF GODHEAD. THOSE INTERESTED IN ADVANCING IN KRSNA CONSCIOUSNESS MUST OBSERVE EKADASI-VRATA REGULARLY.

Adi 10.71 In their two houses Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu begged food on the Ekadasi day and personally ate it.

Adi 10.71 THE INJUNCTION TO FAST ON EKADASI IS ESPECIALLY MEANT FOR DEVOTEES; ON EKADASI THERE ARE NO RESTRICTIONS REGARDING FOOD THAT MAY BE OFFERED TO THE LORD. LORD SRI CAITANYA MAHAPRABHU TOOK THE FOOD OF LORD VISNU IN HIS ECSTASY AS VISNU-TATTVA.

Adi 14.39 The Caitanya-bhagavata, Adi-lila, Chapter Six, fully describes the Lord's accepting visnu-prasada on the Ekadasi day at the house of Jagadisa and Hiranya. REGULAR PRASADA IS OFFERED TO LORD VISNU ON EKADASI BECAUSE, WHILE FASTING IS RECOMMENDED FOR DEVOTEES ON EKADASI, IT IS NOT RECOMMENDED FOR LORD VISNU.

Adi 15.9 From the very beginning of His childhood life Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu introduced the system of observing a fast on the Ekadasi day. IN THE BHAKTI-SANDARBHA, BY SRILA JIVA GOSVAMI, THERE IS A QUOTATION FROM THE SKANDA PURANA ADMONISHING THAT A PERSON WHO EATS GRAINS ON EKADASI BECOMES A MURDERER OF HIS MOTHER, FATHER, BROTHER AND SPIRITUAL MASTER, AND EVEN IF HE IS ELEVATED TO A VAIKUNTHA PLANET, HE FALLS DOWN. ON EKADASI, EVERYTHING IS COOKED FOR VISNU, INCLUDING REGULAR GRAINS AND DAHI, BUT IT IS ENJOINED THAT A VAISNAVA SHOULD NOT EVEN TAKE VISNU-PRASADA ON EKADASI. IT IS SAID THAT A VAISNAVA DOES NOT ACCEPT ANYTHING EATABLE THAT IS NOT OFFERED TO LORD VISNU, BUT ON EKADASI A VAISNAVA SHOULD NOT TOUCH EVEN MAHA-PRASADA OFFERED TO VISNU, ALTHOUGH SUCH PRASADA MAY BE KEPT FOR BEING EATEN THE NEXT DAY. IT IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN FOR ONE TO ACCEPT ANY KIND OF GRAIN ON EKADASI, EVEN IF IT IS OFFERED TO LORD VISNU.

Adi 15.10 It is a PREJUDICE AMONGST SMARTA-BRAHMANAS that a widow must observe fasting on Ekadasi but a woman who has her husband should not. It appears that before the request of Lord Caitanya Sacimata was not observing Ekadasi because of her being sa-dhava, which means that her husband was living. SRI CAITANYA MAHAPRABHU,

HOWEVER, INTRODUCED THE SYSTEM THAT A WOMAN, EVEN IF NOT A WIDOW, MUST OBSERVE THE EKADASI DAY AND MUST NOT TOUCH ANY KIND OF GRAINS, EVEN THOSE OFFERED TO THE DEITY OF VISNU.

Adi 15.16 BETEL NUTS ARE AN INTOXICANT, and therefore the regulative principles prohibit eating them. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastime of fainting after eating betel nuts is a solid instruction to all of us that ONE SHOULD NOT TOUCH BETEL NUTS, EVEN THOSE OFFERED TO VISNU, JUST AS ONE SHOULD NOT TOUCH GRAINS ON THE EKADASI DAY.

Madhya 4.169 THE CATURMASYA PERIOD BEGINS IN THE MONTH OF ASADHA (JUNE- JULY) FROM THE DAY OF EKADASI CALLED SAYANA-EKADASI, IN THE FORTNIGHT OF THE WAXING MOON. THE PERIOD ENDS IN THE MONTH OF KARTIKA (OCTOBER-NOVEMBER) ON THE EKADASI DAY KNOWN AS UTTHANA-EKADASI, IN THE FORTNIGHT OF THE WAXING MOON. THIS FOUR-MONTH PERIOD IS KNOWN AS CATURMASYA. Some Vaisnavas also observe it from the full-moon day of Asadha until the full-moon day of Kartika. That is also a period of four months. This period, calculated by the lunar months, is called Caturmasya, but others also observe Caturmasya according to the solar month from Sravana to Kartika. The whole period, either lunar or solar, takes place during the rainy season. Caturmasya should be observed by all sections of the population. It does not matter whether one is a grhastha or a sannyasi. The observance is obligatory for all asramas. The real purpose behind the vow taken during these four months is to minimize the quantity of sense gratification. This is not very difficult. In the month of Sravana one should not eat spinach, in the month of Bhadra one should not eat yogurt, and in the month of Asvina one should not drink milk. One should not eat fish or other nonvegetarian food during the month of Kartika. A nonvegetarian diet means fish and meat. Similarly, masura dal and urad dal are also considered nonvegetarian. These two dals contain a great amount of protein, and food rich in protein is considered nonvegetarian. On the whole, during the four-month period of Caturmasya one should practice giving up all food intended for sense enjoyment.

Madhya 24.342 "YOU SHOULD RECOMMEND THE AVOIDANCE OF MIXED EKADASI AND THE PERFORMANCE OF PURE EKADASI. YOU SHOULD ALSO DESCRIBE THE FAULT IN NOT OBSERVING THIS. One should be very careful as far as these items are concerned. If one is not careful, one will be negligent in executing devotional service.

CAITANYA-CARITAMRTA CONCLUDING WORDS TODAY, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1974--CORRESPONDING TO THE 10TH OF KARTIKKA, CAITANYA ERA 488, THE ELEVENTH DAY OF THE DARK FORTNIGHT, THE RAMA-EKADASI--we have now finished the English translation of Sri Krsnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami' s Sri Caitanya-caritamrta in accordance with the

authorised order of His Divine Grace Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur Gosvami Maharaja, my beloved eternal spiritual master, guide and friend.

TLC12

However, one should generally accept the following principles to properly execute devotional service: (1) take shelter of a bona fide spiritual master, (2) receive initiation from the spiritual master, (3) serve the spiritual master, (4) inquire and learn love from the spiritual master, (5) follow in the footsteps of holy persons devoted to the transcendental loving service of the Lord, (6) prepare to give up all kinds of enjoyment and miseries for the satisfaction of Krsna, (7) live in a place where Krsna had His pastimes, (8) be satisfied by whatever is sent by Krsna for the maintenance of the body and hanker for no more, (9) OBSERVE FASTING ON EKADASI DAY (THIS OCCURS ON THE ELEVENTH DAY AFTER THE FULL MOON AND THE ELEVENTH DAY AFTER THE NEW MOON. ON SUCH DAYS NO GRAINS, CEREALS OR BEANS ARE EATEN; SIMPLY VEGETABLES AND MILK ARE MODERATELY TAKEN, AND CHANTING HARE KRSNA AND READING SCRIPTURES ARE INCREASED.),

TLC 16 Lord Caitanya also explained the symptoms of a holy man and the process of satisfying the sage and rejecting the society of undesirable persons. The Lord also advised that one should hear Srimad-Bhagavatam constantly. Also to be followed are duties of the day and duties of the fortnight, as well as fasting on Ekadasi day. ONE MUST ALSO FOLLOW THE DUTIES OF THE MONTH AND OBSERVE CEREMONIES LIKE THE BIRTHDAY OF THE LORD, THE THREE SPECIFIC DATES OF FASTING EKADASI, JANMASTAMI, VAMANADVADASI, SRI RAMANAVAMI AND NRSIMHACATURDASI. WHEN THE FAST DAYS OVERLAP WITH OTHER DAYS (VIDDHA), THEY ARE HELPFUL IN THE ADVANCEMENT OF DEVOTIONAL SERVICE.

NoD 7 IN THE BRAHMA-VAIVARTA PURANA IT IS SAID THAT ONE WHO OBSERVES FASTING ON EKADASI DAY IS FREED FROM ALL KINDS OF REACTIONS TO SINFUL ACTIVITIES AND ADVANCES IN PIOUS LIFE. THE BASIC PRINCIPLE IS NOT JUST TO FAST, BUT TO INCREASE ONE'S FAITH AND LOVE FOR GOVINDA, OR KRSNA. THE REAL REASON FOR OBSERVING FASTING ON EKADASI IS TO MINIMIZE THE DEMANDS OF THE BODY AND TO ENGAGE OUR TIME IN THE SERVICE OF THE LORD BY CHANTING OR PERFORMING SIMILAR SERVICE. THE BEST THING TO DO ON FASTING DAYS IS TO REMEMBER THE PASTIMES OF GOVINDA AND TO HEAR HIS HOLY NAME CONSTANTLY.