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PROJECT: PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF 242 UNITS OF 27 STOREYS CONDOMINIUM (PHASE 1A-RC3)

AT SOUTHERN PRECINCT ON LOT 6 TO LOT 16 AND PT9315, MUKIM PETALING,


DAERAH PETALING, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN FOR SUNWAY SOUTH QUAY SDN. BHD.
MICROPILE DESIGN
Working Load

140

tonnes

Section Properties:
Dia. of drilled hole
API pipe outer dia
API pipe thk.

300
177
11.5

mm
mm
mm

70686
5979.25
64706.75

mm2
mm2
mm2

Concrete grade, fcu


Steel yield strength, fy
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec
*default value

30
525
200
25

Tabulations of Areas:
Area of drilled hole
Area of steel pile
Area of cement grout

1) STRUCTURAL DESIGN
i) Consider USED API PIPIE only
Ultimate Capacity

fyAs
313.91

tonnes

ii) Design as short column


From Equation 38 BS8110 : Clause 3.8.4.3:
Ultimate Capacity

0.35fcuAc +0.67fyAs
278.26 tonnes

From the values tabulated in (i) and (ii), the lower value is taken into consideration
Ultimate Capacity
Factor of safety provided

=
=

279
1.99

tonnes

2) Geotechnical Design
Design is based on SOCKETING INTO LIMESTONE
fs- fcu/20 or lower depending on soil
Assumed bond stress of grout/limestone, fs
Minimum socketing length required

=
=

950
3.91

kN/mm2
m

3) Elastic Shortening Check:


Equivalent Young's Modulus, Eeq

=
=

(EsAs+EcAc)/At
39.80
kN/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2
kN/mm2
kN/mm2

*
*

Elastic Shortening of micropile


P/kN
1400
L/m
2
Elastic shortening/mm
1.00
L= length of pile, P=Applied load

=
1400
4
1.99

PL/AtEeq

1400
6
2.99

1400
8
3.98

kN/mm2
(worst case condition)

0.00

4) Buckling Capacity of Micropile


i) Using Mascadi's Formula
Assume Soil Elasticity Mod, Esl
Bd

=
=

0.001
0.85

Buckling Capacity, Qk

2(Esl.EI)

Moment inertia of pipe, Is

(Do4-Di4)/64

20570489.2

(Dh4-(Do4-Di4))/64

377038260.8

Is+(Ec/Es)Ig

67700271.8

(0.2EcIc+EsIs)/(1+Bd)

3.24E+09

Buckling Capacity, Qk

3601.59

Factor of safety provided

2.57

Buckling Capacity, Qk

2EsIt/Le2

Effective Length, Le

2EsIt/(FOS*WL)

6.18

Momnet inertia of grout, Ig

Total moment of inertia, It

EI

mm4

mm4

mm4

kN

ii) Using Euler Formula

5) Pile Head Design


Ref. BS8110:Part 1: 1985 Section 5
CI 5.2.3.4 - Design Ultimate Bearing Stress

For contact face of a steel bearing plate caset into member of supper and not exceeding 40% of the concrete
dimension: 0.8 fcu
Strength of Concrete (Pile Cap)

30

N/mm2

Ref: BS5950: Part 1


Design by the effective area method using reference 27.1 steel design manual
Area required
teq
(2K+teq)(D-teq)
K
K
if K>D/2, then

=
=
=
=
>

87500
11.5
87500
78.40
(D-2t)/2

mm2
mm
mm2

(D+2K)2/4
D+2K
Adopt

=
=
=

87500
333.78
340

mm2
mm
mm

Pyp
Tp

=
=

265
41.89

N/mm2
mm

(refer to Table 6, BS5950)

Shear Check

25.90
OK

mm

<

Tension Load

28

tonnes

Steel Area Required

1049.48

mm2

(defaulted to high yield bar fy=460)

Equation 49, BS8110: Part 1: 1985


fb
B

=
=

Bfcu
0.5

fb
Bar Size Adopted
Number of Bars
L

=
=
=
=

2.74
12
3
678.01

N/mm2
mm
nos.
mm

(each bar)

77

41.89

U-Bar for Pile Head


1. say 20% working load is tension

2. Anchorage Bond Length

Design of Fillet Weld


Weld Size

E-43 Electrode
Strength of fillet welds
Required Weld Length
Maximum available weld length

=
=
=
=

6*

mm

0.92
kN/mm
tension load/ weld strength
456.52
mm
556.06
mm

(perimeter of steel pipe)

PROJECT: PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF 242 UNITS OF 27 STOREYS CONDOMINIUM (PHASE 1A-RC3)


AT SOUTHERN PRECINCT ON LOT 6 TO LOT 16 AND PT9315, MUKIM PETALING,
DAERAH PETALING, SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN FOR SUNWAY SOUTH QUAY SDN. BHD.
MICROPILE DESIGN
Working Load, WL =

140

tonnes

Section Properties:
Dia. of drilled hole =
API pipe outer dia =

300
177

mm
mm

Concrete grade, fcu =


Steel yield strength, fy =

30
525

N/mm2
N/mm2

API pipe thk. =

11.5

mm

Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es =

200

kN/mm2

Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec =


*default value

25

kN/mm2

Tabulations of Areas:
70686

mm2

Area of steel pile, As =

5979.25

mm2

Area of cement grout, Ac =

64706.75

mm2

Area of drilled hole, At =

1) STRUCTURAL DESIGN

Cross Section of Micropile

i) Consider USED API PIPIE only


Ultimate Capacity

fyAs
313.91

tonnes

ii) Design as short column


From Equation 38 BS8110 : Clause 3.8.4.3:
Ultimate Capacity

0.35fcuAc + 0.67fyAs
278.26 tonnes

From the values tabulated in (i) and (ii), the lower value is taken into consideration
Ultimate Capacity
Factor of safety provided,

=
=

278.26
1.99

tonnes

2) GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN
Design is based on SOCKETING INTO LIMESTONE
fs- fcu/20 or lower depending on soil
Assumed bond stress between grout & limestone, fs
Minimum socketing length required, L

=
=

950
3.91

(EsAs+EcAc)/At

39.80

kN/mm2
m

3) ELASTIC SHORTENING CHECK


Equivalent Young's Modulus, Eeq

kN/mm2

Elastic shortening of micropile

PL/AtEeq

P (kN)
1400
1400
1400
1400
L (m)
2
4
6
8
Elastic shortening (mm)
1.00
1.99
2.99
3.98
Notes:
a) L= length of pile, P=Applied load
b) Elastic shortening should be within 25mm for maximum length of micropile
4) BUCKLING CAPACITY OF MICROPILE
i) Using Mascadi's Formula
Assume:

Soil Elasticity Mod, Esl


Beta Value, bd

=
=

0.001
0.85

Buckling Capacity, Qk

2(Esl.EI)

Moment inertia of pipe, Is

(Do4-Di4)/64

20570489.2

(Dh4-(Do4-Di4))/64

377038260.8

Is+(Ec/Es)Ig

67700271.8

(0.2EcIc+EsIs)/(1+Bd)

3.24E+09

Buckling Capacity, Qk

3601.59

Factor of safety provided

2.57

Buckling Capacity, Qk

2EsIt/Le2

Effective Length, Le

2EsIt/(FOS*WL)

6.18

Momnet inertia of grout, Ig

Total moment of inertia, It

EI

kN/mm2
(worst case condition)

mm4

mm4

mm4

kN

ii) Using Euler Formula

FOS = 2.5

5) PILE HEAD DESIGN


Ref. BS8110:Part 1: 1985 Section 5
CI 5.2.3.4 - Design Ultimate Bearing Stress

For contact face of a steel bearing plate cast into member of support and not exceeding 40% of the concrete
dimension: 0.8 fcu
Strength of Concrete (Pile Cap)

30

N/mm2

Ref: BS5950: Part 1


Design by the effective area method using reference 27.1 steel design manual
Area required
teq

=
=

87500
11.5

mm2
mm

(2K+teq)(D-teq)
K
K
if K>D/2, then

=
=
>

87500
78.40
(D-2t)/2

mm2

(D+2K)2/4
D+2K
Adopt

=
=
=

87500
333.78
340

mm2
mm
mm

Pyp
Tp

=
=

265
41.89

N/mm2
mm

(refer to Table 6, BS5950)

Shear Check

25.90
OK

mm

<

Tension Load

28

Steel Area Required

1049.48

Equation 49, BS8110: Part 1: 1985


fb
B

=
=

Bfcu
0.5

fb
Bar Size Adopted
Number of Bars
L

=
=
=
=

2.74
12
3
678.01

77

41.89

U-Bar for Pile Head


1. say 20% working load is tension
tonnes
mm2

(defaulted to high yield bar fy=460)

N/mm2
mm
nos.
mm

(each bar)

2. Anchorage Bond Length

Design of Fillet Weld


Weld Size
E-43 Electrode
Strength of fillet welds
Required Weld Length
Maximum available weld length

=
=
=
=

6*

mm

0.92
kN/mm
tension load/ weld strength
456.52
mm
556.06
mm

(perimeter of steel pipe)