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Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)


Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 161 Ottawa, Louis-Pasteur, ON Colonel By Hall, room B111

K1N 6N5 Telephone: Canada 613-562-5800 - 6189 Email Fax: 613-562-5129 :


Vibrations; BADDOUR, applied Natalie, mechanics; Associate Professor modeling; dynamics; non-destructive testing

Biomaterials; CATELAS, Isabelle, biocompatibility; Associate Professor joint implants; tissue engineering; bone substitutes

Reliability DHILLON, engineering; Balbir, Full Professor safety; maintainability engineering; medical device reliability evaluation; reliability of robots DOUMIT, Marc, Assistant Professor

FENECH, Biofluid dynamics Marianne, and Assistant biorheology Professor

Heat GROENEVELD, transfer: two-phase Dionysius, flow; Adjunct reactor Professor thermalhydraulics

Intelligent HADDAD, mechanics; materials Yehia, experimental Full and Professor systems; mechanics design of mechanical systems; mechanics of solids and structures; nondestructive testing and fracture

Combustion: HALLETT, William, liquid fuel Full combustion; Professor energy conversion; solid fuel combustion

Advanced JODOIN, Dynamics/Shock Bertrand, Materials Wave Full and modeling manufacturing, Professor (CFD) Nanocrystalline and Amorphous Materials, Thermal Spray Process, Cold Spray Process, Gas

Mechanics analysis LABROSSE, in nonlinear of Michel, heart valves Associate statics and and Professor cardiovascular dynamics; composite tissues; mechanical materials and aspects cord in mechanics development of cardiovascular diseases; finite element

Engineering LAGUË, Claude, of farm Full machines Professor and equipment: engineering of manure management systems

Robotics: mechatronics LANTEIGNE, design, Eric, development, Assistant Professor dynamics and control; autonomous vehicles; mechanisms design and modeling; smart materials;

Machinery structures, LIANG, Ming, and integrated Full structure Professor manufacturing health monitoring planning and and fault control, detection, sensor biomedical technology, signal . processing and instrumentation, smart machines and

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

MAVRIPLIS, Catherine, Associate Professor engineering, Numerical engineering methods and including mathematics for aerodynamics, fluid dynamics careers transition and interdisciplinary and receptivity, applications: High order Biofluids, methods combustion, and adaptivity. MEMS Advancement and meteorology. of women Aerospace in science,

MCDONALD, James Gerald, Assistant Professor

applications Combustion MILANE, Roger, of engineering; vortex Assistant methods lean Professor misfire to basic limit turbulent of premixed flows mixtures of fuel; numerical computation of fluid dynamics and combustion; NECSULESCU, Dan-Sorin, Full Professor impedance Mechatronics; control mechatronic of dual arm systems robots; integration; dry friction opto-mechatronic compensation in systems servomotors, integration; real time dynamics failure detection and control in intelligent of mobile robots; structures NGANBE, Metals applications; and Michel, metal coatings; matrix Associate overlays composites; Professor and surface superalloys engineering, and ceramic-metal Fatigue; creep; composites; wear and metallic corrosion materials resistance; for functional powder metallurgy or structural

Reactive RADULESCU, dynamics; compressible energetic Matei, materials; Associate flows; detonation combustion Professor waves; gas dynamics; explosion hazards and safety; reactive fluid dynamics; molecular

Composite composites ROBITAILLE, materials; and François, technical mechanics Associate textiles of Professor preforms and fibre-based materials; flow through preforms and fibre-based materials; processing of

Cooperative systems, SPINELLO, Multiphysics Davide, and distributed Assistant systems, control Professor and Numerical and estimation, methods Dynamical for partial systems, differential Continuum equations mechanics, Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical

Fluid TAVOULARIS, aerodynamics; mechanics; nuclear Stavros, turbulence reactor Full Professor and thermalhydraulics; vortical flows; biomedical computational engineering; fluid biofluid dynamics; experimental techniques; instrumentation;

Biomedical VARIOLA, Fabio, Engineering; Assistant surface Professor science; nanomedicine; material science; metallurgy; corrosion

Fracture WECK, Arnaud, of materials; Assistant Design Professor of damage tolerant materials; X-ray tomography; Ultrashort pulsed laser machining; Metallic thin films

General Information

Ottawa-Carleton Joint Program

Engineering strengths Established of at the in Carleton 1983, Department the University. Ottawa-Carleton of Mechanical Institute Engineering for at Mechanical the University and Aerospatial of Ottawa and Engineering the Department (OCIMAE) of Mechanical combines and the Aerospace research The Doctor Institute of Philosophy offers graduate (PhD) in programs Mechanical leading Engineering to the degrees and in Advanced of Master Materials of Applied and Science Manufacturing. (MASc), Master of Engineering (MEng) and

Members and the departmental manufacturing; of the Institute websites. controls are and involved robotics; in six biomedical main research engineering; fields: thermal aeronautical and fluid and space engineering; engineering. solid mechanics Further information and design; is posted materials on

The program operates within the general framework of the regulations and procedures for Joint Graduate Programs and the general

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

regulations Studies (FGPS) of the of the graduate University faculty of Ottawa at each are of the posted two on universities. the FGPS website. The general regulations of the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral


(FGPS). for Admission Mechanical to the and graduate Aerospace program Engineering in Mechanical (OCIMAE) Engineering and by the is general governed regulations by the general of the Faculty regulations of Graduate of the Ottawa-Carleton and Postdoctoral Institute Studies To be considered for admission, applicants must:

¡ Be the holder of a bachelors degree with a specialization, or a major in mechanical engineering (or equivalent) with a minimum

¡ Demonstrate average of 70% a good (B); academic performance in previous studies as shown by official transcripts, research reports, abstracts or any

¡ Provide other documents at least two demonstrating confidential research letters of skills; recommendation from professors who are familiar with the applicants work;

¡ ¡ For Provide admission a statement to the of MASc, purpose identify indicating at least their one career professor goals who and is interests willing and in the available proposed to act research as thesis area; supervisor;

¡ his activities Be proficient or her can research be (understand, conducted group. either speak in and English, write) French in English. or both, Most depending of the courses on the in language these programs used by the are professor offered in and English. the members Research of awards NOTE: the The degree. choice of supervisor will determine the primary campus location of the student. It will also determine which university Most both, depending of the courses on the in the language graduate used programs by the professor are offered and in the English. members Research of his or activities her research can group. be conducted either in English, French or

In examination accordance questions with the in University French or in of English. Ottawa regulation, students have a right to produce their work, their thesis, and to answer

Program Requirements

A. Master of applied science (MASc)

The requirements of the program are as follows:

¡ Successful completion of 15 course credits at the 5000 level or above approved by the thesis supervisor and the Department;

¡ ¡ Presentation faculty Participation member in and the in defence the Mechanical Department. of a thesis and Aerospace (MCG7999) Engineering based on departmental original research seminar carried series; out under the direct supervision of a research

B. Master of engineering (MEng)

Project Option The requirements of the program are as follows:

¡ Successful Participation completion in the Mechanical of 24 course and credits Aerospace at the Engineering 5000 level departmental or above approved seminar by the series; Department;

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

¡ Completion of a mechanical engineering project (MCG6998). Course Work Option The requirements of the program are as follows:

Participation Successful completion in the Mechanical of 30 course and credits Aerospace at the Engineering 5000 level departmental or above approved seminar by the series. Department; requirements NOTE: In accordance while registered with FGPS in the regulation program at B.2.7, the University all students of Ottawa. are normally expected to complete the major part of their program Transfer from Masters to PhD Program masters Outstanding thesis. students For additional enrolled information, in the masters please program consult may the be Admissionallowed to section transfer of to the the PhD PhD program. program without being required to write a Duration of the Program year The requirements or 16 months of as the a full-time program student. are usually The maximum fulfilled within time permitted two years is of four full-time years. studies. The MEng program can be completed in one Residence All students must complete a minimum of three sessions of full-time registration. Minimum Standards The deemed passing unsatisfactory grade in all are courses required is B. to withdraw Students who from fail the six program. credits, the thesis proposal, the thesis or whose research progress report is




supérieurs Les étudiants offerts peuvent, dans avec l'une l'approbation ou l'autre université. de leur directeur Les cours de du recherche programme ou du d'études comité supérieures consultatif, sont choisir énumérés des cours ci- appropriés. dessous. Les Tous descriptions les cours de durent cours une figurent session. dans Les les cours sections des deux relatives départements aux départements sont identifiés concernés par les dans préfixes les annuaires suivants :

MCG MAAJ Tous sont décrits. 5XXX les XXXX cours Département Département ne sont pas de nécessairement de génie génie mécanique, mécanique offerts Université et aérospatiale, chaque d'Ottawa année. Carleton Les cours University sont offerts dans la langue dans laquelle ils


In all programs, the student may choose graduate courses from either university with the approval of the Advisor or departmental indicated Advisory by Committee. the section prefix of of The the the available calendar first number concerned. graduate given courses as All follows: courses are are listed of one below. session Course duration. descriptions Courses of are each to be department found in the are

MCG 5XXXX Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ottawa

Not MAAJ all XXXX of the listed Department courses of are Mechanical given each and year. Aerospace The course Engineering, is offered in Carleton the language University in which it is described.


Mécanique des solides et des matériaux / Solid Mechanics and Materials

MCG5101 (MAAJ 5001) THEORY OF ELASTICITY(3cr.) Analysis dimensional of stress problems and strain. in rectangular Stress and and strain polar co-ordinates. tensors. Yield Applications criteria laws in of plates elasticity and shells. and general Strain theorems. energy techniques. Stress functions. Application Two- of

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

numerical analysis to elasticity problems. MCG5102 (MAAJ 5002) ADVANCED STRESS ANALYSIS(3cr.) axisymmetric methods Solutions are to utilized. special problems. beam The problems significance including of assumptions beams on elastic is discussed foundations, and solution curved techniques beams, multispan including beams, series solutions etc., as well and as energy some

Inelastic MCG5103 fields. Applications behaviour, (MAAJ to model 5003) metal-forming materials. THEORY processes. Yield OF criteria PERFECTLY and flow PLASTIC laws. Energy SOLIDS(3cr.) principles. Contained plastic deformation. Plane strain. Slipline


A general coverage of various approaches to plate problems and the application of these methods to practical cases. A study of the theory

surfaces of shells including of revolution. deformation of shells without bending, stresses under various loading conditions, general theory of shells, shells forming

MCG5105 (MAAJ 5505) CONTINUUM MECHANICS(3cr.) continua. Fundamental Sound waves. Analytical Shock equations waves. solution of Numerical continuum of some elasticity methods mechanics. of and solution. incompressible Thermodynamics fluid of dynamic continua. problems. Rheological Extension equations. to viscoelasticity Hamilton's and principle plasticity. for

Algebraic in MCG5106 curvilinear computation (MAAJ coordinates. 5006) software. Governing ADVANCED Curved equations solids. TOPICS Governing of IN plates. ELASTICITY(3cr.) equations Linear shell of planar theory elastostatics in curvilinear in Cartesian coordinates. coordinates. Introduction Linear to elastostatics non-linear elastostatics. Non-linear shell theory. Instability of cylindrical shells. Thick and thin shell elastodynamics. MCG5107 Review generalized and formulation of Euler/Newton (MAAJ co-ordinates, of multi-degree 5507) virtual and ADVANCED D'Alembert of work, freedom generalized DYNAMICS vibrational, formulation, forces electro-mechanical, WITH and Euler the APPLICATIONS(3cr.) Angles, power function. gyrodynamics, dissipative Systems systems, rotating constraint and other machinery. forces engineering and Lagrangian equilibrium. applications. dynamics, Modelling

modelling the Review MCG5108 elastic of matrix issues. continuum. (MAAJ Steady-state algebra 5008) Finite and FINITE structural field element problems, ELEMENT program mechanics. axisymmetric development, ANALYSIS(3cr.) Fundamentals analysis. commercial of Applications the finite programs, element in mechanical pre method. and engineering. post Analysis processers. of two-dimensional Isoparametric trusses concept, and MCG5109 (MAAJ 5009) ADVANCED TOPICS IN FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS(3cr.) geometric and Finite incompressible elements non-linearities. and viscous their solution Applications flow with techniques. inertia. to fracture Multilayered mechanics. plate, Steady shell and and transient continua. state Eigenvalue heat conduction. and transient Potential analysis, flow. Creeping material flow and

MCG5110 (MAAJ 5100) MICROMECHANICS OF SOLIDS(3cr.) Notation. systems. Introduction. Experimental Analysis Classes of stress, approaches. of materials strain and in Micromechanics. motion. The stochastic Continuum deformation Mechanics process vs Probabilistic and theory. Structured Micromechanics. materials Cartesian and intelligent Tensor

Principles nozzle-shell MCG5114 of (MAAJ analysis. design, 5104) materials, Plastic ANALYSIS collapse, preliminary fatigue, AND layout. fracture, DESIGN Elastic creep, OF analysis PRESSURE buckling. of axisymmetric VESSELS(3cr.) shells, discontinuity analysis. Numerical methods,

MCG5117 (MAAJ 5107) INTRODUCTION TO COMPOSITE MATERIALS(3cr.) and Review of strengths engineering of strengthening and applications. moduli, mechanism specific Laminates; properties, in metals mechanical fracture and polymers. properties mechanisms, Fiber-reinforced and toughness, engineering composite fatigue, applications. creep, materials: effect of strengthening environment; mechanism, fabrication prediction methods

The behaviour. MCG5118 analysis Rate (MAAJ of stress dependent 5108) and strain deformation. INTRODUCTION in elastic The and effect plastic TO of PLASTICITY(3cr.) temperature. continuum. Time Materials independent testing. Applications. plastic deformation. The microscopic basis of plastic

Stress strain MCG5119 and concentration plain (MAAJ stress 5109) in behaviour. elastic FRACTURE and The plastic microscopic MECHANICS(3cr.) media. The aspects energy of condition, crack propagation. crack resistance, The effect compliance, of temperature. the J. integral. Fatigue, Crack stress arrest. corrosion Plain

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

cracking, and creep fracture. Probabilistic fracture. MCG5126 (MAAJ 5206) DEFORMATION OF MATERIALS(3cr.) Analysis The deformation and interpretation and fracture of constant properties strain of rate, metals, constant ceramics stress and and polymers. stress relaxation Introduction tests in to terms dislocation of the material theory. structure. Rheological models. MCG5129 (MAAJ 5209) HOT WORKING OF METALS(3cr.) strength High and fracture temperature and stresses, structure. mechanical impact Hot rolling strength. properties of metals. in metals. Selection Types of of rolling recovery, schedules. recrystallization Influence of and as-rolled precipitation structures in metals on room and temperature their effects tensile on hot


permission manufacturing edge Computer-automated MCG5180 effects, of (MAAJ lamina the and Institute. testing 5800) and manufacturing laminate of FIBRE a fibre COMPOSITE failure techniques. composite theories. component Advanced MATERIALS(3cr.) Principles topics or material. of in non-destructive composite Limited design: enrolment. testing. lamination Individual Prerequisite: theory. projects Interlaminar MCG 5117 involving (MAAJ stresses the 5107) and design, free or MCG5181 (MAAJ 5801) ADVANCED VIBRATIONS(3cr.) freedom, methods. Kinematics vibration of vibrations, of shafts, the critical single speeds, degree complex of freedom presentation, system, without influence and coefficients, with damping, matrix two method, degrees stability of freedom, of solution, several approximate degrees of

MCG5182 (MAAJ 5802) THEORY OF ELASTIC INSTABILITY(3cr.) conservative series. Considerations Stability force of of linear systems. instability members Energy with in methods. respect the inelastic to Instability small zone. deformation. in beams. Instability Differential of elements equations curved for linear in a plane. elements. Applications Conservative of trigonometric and non-

Topics functional MCG7355 that materials; SPECIAL may be covered fibre-based TOPICS include IN engineering ADVANCED the following: materials. MATERIALS(3cr.) nanocrystalline and amorphous materials; metals and ceramic-metal composites;

Thermofluides / Thermofluids

MCG5111 (MAAJ 5101) GAS DYNAMICS(3cr.) shock characteristics. Review waves. of thermodynamics. Prandtl-Meyer Imperfect gas expansion Conservation effects, dissociation, fans. equations. Applications. ionization. Wave Ideal Methods propagation gas flow of measurement. in in ducts compressible of variable media. section, Isentropic friction, flow. heat Normal transfer. and Method oblique of

MCG5131 (MAAJ 5301) HEAT TRANSFER BY CONDUCTION(3cr.) stationary Steady Steady two-dimensional one-dimensional and moving sources. systems. systems. Transient Steady-state Equations numerical of numerical Bessel method. and methods. Legendre. Steady Extended heat source surface. systems. Fourier Steady series porous and partial systems. differential Transient equations. systems; MCG5132 (MAAJ 5302) HEAT TRANSFER BY CONVECTION(3cr.) convection Special General topics. problems in turbulent of convection. flow. Free convection. Fundamental Condensing equations. and Boundary boiling. Heat layer transfer equations. to liquid Forced metals. convection Heat transfer in laminar in high-speed flow. Forced flow.

Thermal Radiant MCG5133 energy radiation (MAAJ transfer and 5303) through radiation HEAT absorbing, properties. TRANSFER emitting Radiant BY and RADIATION(3cr.) interchange scattering media. among Combined surfaces conduction separated by and radiatively radiation. non-participating media.

Pool MCG5134 boiling. (MAAJ Hydrodynamics 5304) HEAT of two-phase TRANSFER flow. Flow WITH boiling PHASE and flow CHANGE(3cr.) boiling crisis. Instability of two-phase flow. Condensation. MCG5136 (MAAJ 5306) SPECIAL STUDIES IN FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER(3cr.) MCG5141 (MAAJ 5401) STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS(3cr.)

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

mechanics. gases. Kinetic Gas theory mixtures. Quantum of an ideal Law statistics. of gas. mass The Partition action. distribution functions. of molecular Partition velocities. functions Transport and thermodynamic phenomena. properties. Maxwell-Boltzmann Derivations statistics. of specific Quantum heats of

Derivation MCG5151 Laminar boundary and (MAAJ exact layers. 5501) solutions Introduction LAMINAR of the Navier-Stokes to FLOW hydrodynamic THEORY(3cr.) equations. stability. Low Reynolds number flows, Stokes flow. Oseen flow, lubrication theory.

Review turbulence, MCG5152 of the (MAAJ homogeneous basic theories 5502) THEORY shear and experimental flow, OF turbulent TURBULENCE(3cr.) results pipe of and turbulent channel flow. flow, Universal jets, wakes, equilibrium boundary theory, layers. locally Turbulent isotropic diffusion theories, of isotropic passive contaminants. Modelling of turbulence. MCG5155 Langrangian flows. Conformal (MAAJ and mapping, Eulerian 5505) description INVISCID Schwarz-Christoffel of FLOW fluid motion. THEORY(3cr.) theorems. Euler Airfoil equations, theory, circulation velocity potential, and lift. irrotational flow, stream function, singular

Review wire MCG5156 anemometry. of the (MAAJ common Laser-Doppler 5506) experimental MEASUREMENT anemometry. techniques Measurement IN used FLUID in fluid MECHANICS(3cr.) of mechanical concentration, research temperature, and applications. force, pressure. Flow visualization techniques. Hot-

Governing partial MCG5157 differential equations. (MAAJ equations 5507) Explicit, NUMERICAL implicit, and boundary finite COMPUTATION difference conditions. and Numerical control OF FLUID volume solution procedures DYNAMICS by direct for and AND approximating iterative HEAT Gauss-Seidel TRANSFER(3cr.) the parabolic relaxation and elliptic methods. sets of Considerations of stability, convergence, and numerical diffusion. Computational problems. MCG5158 Application of particulates (MAAJ of simple from flow, 5508) flows cavitation, to INDUSTRIAL analysis unsteady of more FLUID flow. complex MECHANICS(3cr.) systems. Pipe and duct systems, flow separation and control, aerosols, separation

Thermodynamic MCG5161 cleaning of air. (MAAJ Illumination considerations. 5601) ENVIRONMENTAL and acoustics. Physiological reactions ENGINEERING(3cr.) of humans to different environments. Principles of ventilation, distribution and

Stoichiometry, MCG5191 (MAAJ thermo-chemistry, 5901) COMBUSTION ignition, flame IN PREMIXED propagation, flame SYSTEMS(3cr.) stabilization, diffusion flames, turbulent combustion, modelling. MCG5192 Gaseous jet (MAAJ flames, combustion 5902) COMBUSTION of liquid droplets, IN DIFFUSION atomization, spray SYSTEMS(3cr.) flames, coal combustion, fluidized bed combustion. MCG5551 Dérivation Écoulement (MAAJ des d'Oseen. solutions 5408) Théorie exactes THÉORIE de lubrification. des équations D'ÉCOULEMENT Couches de Navier-Stokes. limites VISQUEUX(3cr.) laminaires. Écoulement Introduction à petit à la nombre stabilité de hydrodynamique. Reynolds. Écoulement de Stokes.

Révision MCG5552 isotropique des (MAAJ locale. théories Turbulence 5409) fondamentales THÉORIE isotropique, et des DE résultats contrainte TURBULENCE(3cr.) expérimentaux homogène des des écoulements, écoulements écoulements turbulents. Théorie turbulents universelle dans les de tuyaux l'équilibre, et les canaux, théorie jets, sillages, couches limites. Diffusion turbulente. Modèles de turbulence. MCG5557 Équations laminaires primitives. tri-dimensionnels. (MAAJ 5500) Méthodes MÉTHODES Méthodes de différences MAC NUMÉRIQUES de finies. Los Alamos. Méthodes EN MÉCANIQUE Calcul intégrales. des écoulements Critère DES de FLUIDES(3cr.) stabilité. multidimensionnels Calcul des écoulements turbulents. transitoires Modèles de turbulence. Méthode numérique de Gosman.

Génie industriel - de la fabrication - et du design / Design - Manufacturing - Industrial Engineering

Formulation optimization: MCG5115 (MAAJ of by optimization unconstrained 5105) NON-LINEAR problems. minimization, Unconstrained OPTIMIZATION(3cr.) by direct optimization: methods. Mathematical direct search programming. techniques, Geometric gradient techniques. programming. Constrained Dynamic programming. Examples and applications in Mechanical Engineering topics. MCG5159 (MAAJ 5509) ADVANCED PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL(3cr.)

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

The Financial principles and production of production planning. management. Inventory Methods control. Automation. engineering, Factory manufacturing planning. control. Recording and evaluation of operations.

Principles MCG5168 economics of of (MAAJ production. organization. 5608) Planning INDUSTRIAL Production for economy. processes. ORGANIZATION(3cr.) Information Organization engineering. and planning Standardization. production. Evaluation of production activities. The

Overview Human MCG5169 reliability of (MAAJ classical modelling 5609) reliability ADVANCED in concepts. engineering Fault TOPICS systems. tree construction IN Human RELIABILITY unreliability and evaluation. ENGINEERING(3cr.) data Common-cause banks. Reliability failure of information analysis of engineering and communication systems. systems. MCG5170 The design. design Major process. (MAAJ group 5700) Structure design CAD/CAM(3cr.) project of computer-aided which integrates drafting concepts software. from Analysis all major and areas optimization of mechanical software. engineering. Software integration. Exclusion: May Parametric not be taken for credit with MCG4322.

Failure MCG5171 quality control. rate. (MAAJ Repair time. 5701) System APPLIED reliability RELIABILITY estimation: binomial THEORY(3cr.) model. Strength stress model. Failure detection and isolation. Statistical

CONTROLS)(3cr.) MCG5172 (MAAJ 5702) INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT OF AUTOMATION (ROBOTICS AND NUMERICAL assisted automation. Administrative manufacturing Role concept of automation (CAM). of automation, State in the of administration art robotics review. and numerical of manufacturing control; and elements project of engineering. flexible manufacturing Optimization systems. in the design Process of computer- design in MCG5173 (MAAJ 5703) SYSTEMS EMGINEERING AND INTEGRATION(3cr.) Technological time, Introduction lumped to systems and modelling distributed modelling methods parameters and employed simulation models. for examples. the State planning estimation. and design Parameters of sub-systems identification. and complex Discretization systems. Discrete and stochastic and continuous effects. MCG5176 (MAAJ 5706) INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEMS(3cr.) Concept, manufacturing who have analysis taken and MCG and instrumentation design 4108. of classical applications. and modern Design industrial project control of industrial systems. control Computer and automation based control systems. systems Not for accessible robotics, automation, to students

Robotics programming. MCG5177 overview. (MAAJ Project 5707) Transformations. in analysis, ROBOT design MECHANICS(3cr.) Basics or application of robot kinematics, of manipulators. statics Not and accessible dynamics. to students Introduction who have to practical taken MCG robots, 4132. control and

Overview manufacturing MCG5178 of (MAAJ totally tools integrated 5708) to form ADVANCED an CAD/CAM integrated TOPICS systems. CAD/CAM IN Details system. CAD/CAM(3cr.) of design Students and will manufacturing undertake projects software which tools. will Methods provide of them linking with design a "hands- and on" experience.

Manufacturing Transfer MCG5179 and (MAAJ assembly systems, 5709) line system MANUFACTURING systems. selection, Material cost transport justification. SYSTEM and ANALYSIS(3cr.) storage Flexible systems. and agile, Process group planning, technology tolerance cellular analysis, manufacturing Taguchi operations. methods. Manufacturing and assembly. Just-in-time production. Quality function deployment.

dynamic conversion. Models MCG5184 for systems. passive (MAAJ Selection Precludes and 5709) of active sensors MECHATRONICS(3cr.) additional components and actuators credit for for electro-mechanical for MCG the 4136. control of systems. mechanical Network systems. representation Modelling and of signals simulation and energy for the transmission design of mixed and MCG5185 (MAAJ 5805) MULTIVARIABLE DIGITAL CONTROL(3cr.) observability of Quantization. digital systems. of Z-Transform. digital Examples systems. of State controlling Digital equations. controllers mechanical Jordan design system canonical using actuators. bilinear form. Multirate transformation. and nonsynchronous Digital PID controller. samplings. Stability. Controllability Optimal control and


Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

Hamiltonian control. Boundary dynamics. layer continuous Hamiltonian approximation. control systems. Actuator, Lyapunov sensors dynamics. and controller Decoupling. requirements. Phase space Manipulation analysis. Switching control and examples. sliding mode

Cotes de cours généraux / General Course Codes

MCG6998 PROJET / PROJECT(6cr.) supérieures Projet le directeur en génie du et donnant projet mécanique et lieu un autre à ou la rédaction en professeur matériaux d'un nommé rapport avancés par approfondi le et directeur fabrication (30-40 des études dirigé pages supérieures par approx). un professeur Noté en génie S (satisfaisant) approuvé mécanique. par ou Le NS le projet directeur (non est satisfaisant) normalement des études par complété in mechanical en une engineering session d’études or in advanced à temps plein.Préalable materials and : manufacturing approbation du supervised directeur des by a études professor supérieures approved en by génie the mécanique. director of graduate / Project studies supervisor completed and in and leading one by session another to the of professor writing full-time of appointed study. an in-depth Prerequisite: by the report director approval (approx. of graduate of 30-40 director pages). studies of graduate in Graded Mechanical studies S (satisfactory) Engineering. in Mechanical or NS The Engineering. (not project satisfactory) can normally by the be


À MCG9997 accepté until la suite the par thesis de le PRÉPARATION la Comité proposal réussite consultatif. à is l'examen accepted DU / de PROJET Following by synthèse, the Advisory DE completion inscription THÈSE Committee. of DE requise the DOCTORAT comprehensive de tous les / candidats PREPARATION examination, au doctorat registration FOR jusqu'à PhD required ce THESIS que for le projet all PROPOSAL PhD de candidates thèse soit

MCG9998 PRÉPARATION À L'EXAMEN GÉNÉRAL DE DOCTORAT / PREPARATION FOR PhD COMPREHENSIVE Inscription EXAMINATION candidates until requise the comprehensive de tous les candidats examination au doctorat is passed. jusqu'à la réussite à l'examen de synthèse. / Registration required for all PhD


Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Carleton University

(in the Not parentheses) Registration all of the following Instructions follow courses the University and are Class offered of Schedule Ottawa in a given course booklet year. number. published For an up-to-date in the summer. statement Carleton of course University offerings, course please numbers consult MCG5121 (MECH 5106) SPACE MISSION ANALYSIS AND DESIGN(3cr.) Reusable trajectories. Review of launch solar Effect system systems. of environment and Also space offered exploration. on at spacecraft the undergraduate Space design. mission Space level, design propulsion with different and geometry. and requirements, launch Analysis vehicle as of design. AERO orbit Launch 4802. design, sequence, transfers, windows, interplanetary cost. MCG5122 (MECH 5202) SMART STRUCTURES(3cr.) MIMO, Structural authority. digital Applications dynamics and adaptive principles: in aero-acoustics filters. modal "Smart" and analysis Structures: aeroelasticity. and wave multifunctional Precludes propagation. additional materials, Linear credit time collocation for invariant MECH principles, 5807. systems: geometric feedback, filtering feedforward, and control SISO,

Essential in MCG5123 controlling microstructural (MECH mechanical 5609) features properties MICROSTRUCTURE of metals is emphasized. and alloys: Analytical AND crystal PROPERTIES structure, techniques dislocations, observing OF MATERIALS(3cr.) microstructure grain boundaries. in metals The importance and other of materials: these features TEM, SEM, electron diffraction, spectrometry. Precludes additional credit for MECH 5804. MCG5300 Differential corrections. versus forced (MECH equations Viscous convection; flow: 5000) of motion. energy thin FUNDAMENTALS shear and Viscous layer energy approximation; and integral inviscid OF equations; FLUID regions. laminar DYNAMICS(3cr.) turbulent Potential layers; diffusion. flow: transition; superposition; Also turbulence offered thin at modelling. the airfoils; undergraduate Convective finite wings; level, heat compressibility with transfer: different free requirements, as AERO 4302, for which additional credit is precluded. MCG5301 Navier-Stokes transition, dimensional turbulence, (MECH effects. and boundary 5001) Reynolds THEORY layer stresses; equations; OF separation. VISCOUS mean Calculation FLOWS(3cr.) flow equations methods, for turbulent closure schemes. kinetic energy; Compressibility, integral formulations. heat transfer, and Stability, three-

The MCG5303 fundamental (MECH equations 5003) and INCOMPRESSIBLE theorems for non-viscous NON-VISCOUS fluid flow; solution FLOW(3cr.) of two-dimensional and axisymmetric potential flows; low-

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

speed airfoil and cascade theory; wing lifting-line theory; panel methods.

Steady second-order MCG5304 isentropic, (MECH theory frictional, and 5004) unsteady, and COMPRESSIBLE diabatic one-dimensional flow; shock NON-VISCOUS flow. waves; irrotational FLOW(3cr.) compressible flow, small perturbation theory and similarity rules;

Fundamentals MCG5308 instrumentation (MECH of of techniques ground 5008) test EXPERIMENTAL of facilities. simulation Applications of fluid METHODS to dynamic aerodynamic phenomena. IN FLUID testing. MECHANICS(3cr.) Theoretical basis, principles of design, performance and

Characteristics simple MCG5309 winds, (MECH mean of energy flow, 5009) sources turbulence ENVIRONMENTAL and emissions structure and into dispersion FLUID the environment. MECHANICS near the The ground. atmosphere; RELATING Flow and stratification TO dispersion ENERGY and in groundwater, UTILIZATION(3cr.) stability, equations rivers, of lakes motion, and oceans. Physical and analytical modelling of environmental flows.

operating Aircraft MCG5310 performance economics. (MECH 5100) analysis PERFORMANCE with emphasis AND on factors ECONOMICS affecting take-off, OF AIRCRAFT(3cr.) landing and economic performance; high lift schemes; MCG5311 (MECH 5101) DYNAMICS AND AERODYNAMICS OF FLIGHT(3cr.) estimation. Static with different stability Longitudinal requirements, theory. Euler's and as lateral AERO equations dynamic 4308, for for response rigid which body additional of an motion; aircraft credit the to is linearized control precluded. and equations disturbance. of motion; Also offered stability at the derivatives undergraduate and level, their

Performance including MCG5314 road (MECH characteristics, vehicles, 5104) terrain-vehicle GROUND handling systems, TRANSPORTATION and directional guided transport stability, SYSTEMS systems, ride comfort and AND advanced and VEHICLES(3cr.) safety ground of various transport types technology. of ground vehicle systems

structures Rigid Orbital MCG5315 body dynamics on (MECH dynamics a spacecraft and 5105) perturbations applied control ORBITAL to system. transfer due MECHANICS to orbit the Earth's and on-orbit AND figure, SPACE the momentum sun, CONTROL(3cr.) and management the moon with and emphasis control on of mission spacecraft. planning Effects and of analysis. flexible MCG5317 (MECH 5107) EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS(3cr.) Photoelastic mechanical Introduction strain coatings. to theory gauges. Strain of elasticity. gauges; gauge Photo-elasticity: factors, sensitivity, types of calibration, polariscopes, and two- temperature and three-dimensional compensation. Moire stress fringes, fields, frozen brittle patterns. lacquers,

Technical, MCG5321 economic (MECH and 5106/MECH environmental 5201) aspects METHODS of present OF and ENERGY proposed CONVERSION(3cr.) large-scale systems of energy conversion. MCG5330 (MECH 5300) ENGINEERING ACOUSTICS(3cr.) transmission Review transducers; of acoustic microphones, through waves media; in loudspeakers, compressible layers, in-homogeneous computational fluids; acoustic media, acoustics. pressure, solids; intensity acoustic and systems; impedance; rooms, physical ducts, resonators, interpretation mufflers, and measurement; properties of

boundary The MCG5331 convected layer (MECH wave noise, 5301) equation; interior AEROACOUSTICS(3cr.) noise; theory propagation of subsonic in and the atmosphere; supersonic jet sonic noise; boom; propeller impact and on environment. helicopter noise; fan and compressor noise; MCG5332 (MECH 5302) INSTRUMENTATION TECHNIQUES(3cr.) analysis. An systems. introduction Hands-on Topics covered for sessions the non-specialists include illustrate operational theory to the and amplifiers, concepts practice. of signal digital processing, and analog digital electronics logic with systems, emphasis computer on data interfacing, acquisition, noise processing in electronic and

Solution stability MCG5334 techniques considerations. (MECH for 5304) parabolic, A staged COMPUTATIONAL elliptic approach and to hyperbolic solution FLUID equations of full DYNAMICS Euler developed and OF Navier-Stokes COMPRESSIBLE for problems equations of interest FLOWS(3cr.) is to used. fluid Grid dynamics generation with appropriate techniques appropriate for compressible flows are introduced. MCG5344 This course covers (MECH two 5400 major ) GAS topics: TURBINE combustion COMBUSTION(3cr.) fundamentals and gas turbine combustor design. Combustion fundamentals include fuel

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

modeling. additional evaporation, Combustor credit chemistry for MECH design of 5800 combustion, addresses (MCG the 5480) chemical interrelationship when kinetics MECH 5800 between and emission was operational offered formation with requirements this and topic. introduction and combustion to computational fundamentals. combustion Precludes

Types MCG5341 of machines. (MECH Similarity: 5401) TURBOMACHINERY(3cr.) performance parameters; characteristics; cavitation. Velocity triangles. Euler equation: impulse and methods; with reaction. different Radial staging; requirements, pumps off-design and as performance; compressors: MECH 4305, stall analysis, for and which surge. design additional Axial and turbines. credit operation. is precluded. Current Axial design pumps practice. and compressors: Also offered cascade at the undergraduate and blade-element level,

MCG5342 (MECH 5402) GAS TURBINES(3cr.) turbo-shaft, matching. Interrelationship turbojet, among turbofan. thermodynamic, Component aerodynamic, performance. and Off-design mechanical performance; design. Ideal matching and real of compressor, cycle calculations. turbine, Cycle nozzle. optimization; Twin-spool

The applications MCG5343 course (MECH covers and special three 5403) topics. major ADVANCED The topics: third review topic THERMODYNAMICS(3cr.) includes of fundamentals an introduction from to a statistical consistent thermodynamics. viewpoint, properties and equations of state, and

Analytical, heat MCG5347 exchange numerical (MECH between 5407) and black, analog CONDUCTIVE grey, solutions non-grey to diffusive steady-state AND RADIATIVE and and specular transient HEAT surfaces, conduction TRANSFER(3cr.) including heat effects transfer of athermanous in multi-dimensional media. systems. Radiative

Analogies MCG5348 developed between where (MECH possible heat, 5408) mass and CONVECTIVE and otherwise momentum deduced HEAT transfer. from AND Forced experimental MASS and TRANSFER(3cr.) free results, convection for simple relations shapes for laminar and in heat and turbulent exchangers. flows Mass analytically transfer theory and applications.

systems, General MCG5350 theory with (MECH selected of discrete 5500) applications multi-degree-of-freedom ADVANCED from aeronautical, VIBRATION vibrating civil, ANALYSIS(3cr.) and systems. mechanical Emphasis engineering. on numerical techniques of solving complex vibrating MCG5125 (MECH 5501) ADVANCED DYNAMICS(3cr.) Lagrangian propagation Developing and formulations; solution applying methods. the classical governing Precludes and equations finite additional element of credit motion approaches for for MECH discrete for 5500. continuous and continuous systems; mechanical and linear systems. stability, Includes frequency Newton-Euler response, and and

introduction state Review MCG5352 feedback of transfer (MECH to control. dynamic function 5502) Riccati programing. and OPTIMAL equations. state-space Practical CONTROL Optimal system applications observers descriptions. SYSTEMS(3cr.) are and emphasized Elements Kalman-Bucy throughout of the Filters. optimal the Extension control course. problem. to discrete Variational time systems calculus. including Optimal an MCG5353 (MECH 5503) ROBOTICS(3cr.) solving actuators, The history kinematic external of and equations, introduction and internal differential to robotics sensors, relationships, methodology. grippers motion and Robots vision trajectories, and systems. manipulators; dynamics. Microprocessors homogeneous Control; feedback and transformation, their control, application compliance, kinematic to robot servomotors, equations, control. Programming. MCG5354 Guidance requirements, system (MECH sensitivity, classification, 5504) robustness, GUIDANCE, flight control perturbations, NAVIGATION systems, targeting, performance AND target CONTROL(3cr.) analysis. tracking, Modern sensing. filtering Modern and multivariable estimation control techniques. analysis; Terrestrial design navigation; and control. tactical air navigation (TACAN), star trackers Guidance mission and performance. Aircraft, missile and spacecraft guidance

the equations; Fundamental MCG5355 effect of phase (MECH force concepts space type 5505) on analysis; and stability; STABILITY characteristics Lyapunov's frequency THEORY of method. direct modern method. AND stability APPLICATIONS(3cr.) Autonomous definitions. and Sensitivity nonautonomous and variational systems; stability equations; in first linear approximation; variational MCG5356 (MECH 5506) NEURO AND FUZZY CONTROL(3cr.) and Knowledge-based structure. Fuzzification, controllers. inference Fuzzy control: engine; mathematics, defuzzification. relations, Nonlinear, operations, adaptive approximate fuzzy control reasoning. systems. Fuzzy Stability, knowledge Neuro-Control: base control

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

processing, Neurofuzzy learning. systems: industrial Adaptation applications. of artificial neural Cannot systems: be combined associative for credit memories, with ELG algorithms, 5196 (EACJ applications, 5709). Exclusion: and network ELG implementation. 5386

Algebraic-geometry mechanisms. MCG5124 (MECH Various applications: 5507) DH-parametrisations, ADVANCED kinematic KINEMATICS(3cr.) Jacobian calibration formulations. of serial and Topics in-parallel in: projective robots; kinematic geometry; synthesis Cayley-Klein of planar, geometries; spherical, Plücker spatial line coordinates; Gröbner bases; Grassmannians; kinematic mapping; Burmester theory. Emphasis on practical applications. MCG5361 Problem-solving accumulating (MECH information. processes 5601) Techniques CREATIVE and how they can PROBLEM be can successfully be applied SOLVING applied in engineering in AND any DESIGN(3cr.) engineering design. Emphasis speciality. on (Also learning offered methodologies as IDES 5301) rather than

Design MCG5362 of suitable of engineering material, (MECH geometry, 5602) structures FAILURE and to inspection ensure PREVENTION against procedures failure for due (FRACTURE the to load fatigue and or MECHANICS environmental brittle fracture. conditions. AND Nature FATIGUE)(3cr.) of fatigue and brittle fracture; selection

phase phase. Development MCG5364 transformations Formation (MECH of microstructure of 5604) a and dendrite structure COMPUTATIONAL structure, in alloys evolution in macro solidification in solid and METALLURGY(3cr.) alloys. micro processes segregations. and post-solidification Pore formation in processing. castings. Thermodynamic Nucleation and growth and kinetics of solid of MCG5381 (MECH 5603) LIGHTWEIGHT STRUCTURES(3cr.) closed Structural multicell behaviour. structures. Fundamentals Bending of of plates. basic Structural elasticity. idealization Energy methods and its of effects structural on open analysis. and closed Bending, sections. shear, Structural and torsion stability. of open and

An concepts MCG5365 introduction of Galerkin's (MECH to the 5605) method, finite element FINITE interpolation, methodology, ELEMENT numerical with ANALYSIS integration, emphasis I(3cr.) on and applications isoparametric to heat elements transfer, are fluid taught flow using and stress simple analysis. examples. The basic

MCG5366 (MECH 5606) FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS II(3cr.) viscoplasticity, Time marching viscoelasticity, heat flow problems and dynamic with analysis. linear and Isoparametric nonlinear analysis. elements and Static numerical plasticity. integration Time-dependent are used throughout. deformation problems;

schemes. Integral MCG5367 equations. Practical (MECH applications. The 5607) BEM THE for potential BOUNDARY theory ELEMENT and for elastostatics (BEM) METHOD(3cr.) in two-dimensions. Boundary elements and numerical integration MCG5369 (MECH 5701) METALLIC PHASES AND TRANSFORMATIONS(3cr.) MCG2361/MCG2761 and Thermodynamics long range diffusional of crystals, or MCG2142/MCG2542 transformations; phase diagrams, diffusionless (MAAE principles 2700 of transformations. or alloy the equivalent). phases, thermal Phase transformations analysis. Transformation in engineering rate and systems. mechanisms. Prerequisites: Short

Essential MCG5123 in controlling microstructural (MECH mechanical 5609) features properties MICROSTRUCTURE of metals is emphasized. and alloys: Analytical AND crystal PROPERTIES structure, techniques dislocations, observing OF MATERIALS(3cr.) microstructure grain boundaries. in metals The importance and other of materials: these features TEM, SEM, electron diffraction, spectrometry. Precludes additional credit for MECH 5804. MCG5345 Surface erosion characteristics are (MECH introduced. 5700) of Coating solid SURFACES materials methods and AND including surface COATINGS(3cr.) PVD, degradation/failure CVD, laser, thermal mechanisms spray and including electrochemical wear, fretting, deposition oxidation, are discussed corrosion, in and the context of failure prevention measures. MCG5374 Topics manufacturing. offered at essential the (MECH undergraduate The to fundamental 5704) CIMS including INTEGRATED level, data with structures computer different MANUFACTURING requirements, and graphics, procedures geometric as for MECH computerization CIMS(3cr.) modelling, 4704, for which numerically of engineering additional controlled credit design, is analysis precluded. machining, and production. and flexible Also

MCG5375 (MECH 5705) CAD/CAM(3cr.) constructive numerical Computer-aided control, solids design CNC, geometry, process, DNC, sculptured adaptive computer control. surfaces. graphics CAM Data including programming, bases. hardware Graphics popular and and software commercial product standards. interchange CAD programs. Wire files. frames, Computer-aided Management boundary issues. representations, manufacturing;

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

In-depth MCG5480 study (MECH of a topic 5800) in Mechanical SPECIAL and TOPICS Aerospace IN MECHANICAL Engineering. AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING(3cr.) MCG5489 Topics will vary (MECH from 5801) year to SPECIAL year. TOPICS IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING(3cr.)


Students design MCG5398 project. pursuing (MECH The a results master's 5908) are INDEPENDENT degree given by in course the form work ENGINEERING of carry a written out an report independent STUDY(3cr.) and presented study, analysis, at a departmental and solution seminar. of an engineering Carried out problem under the or general direction of a faculty member.

Other Courses of Particular Interest

BMG5300 Biomedical (BIOM Engineering 5300) BIOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING MATERIALS(3cr.) Properties materials Viscoelasticity, viewpoint. of structural mechanical Selection biological properties of engineering materials and models (bone, materials of muscles, tendon, as ligaments biomaterials. ligament, and skin, tendons. Introduction cartilage, Co-requisite: muscle, to biocompatibility. and BMG blood 5112/BIOM vessels) Histology from 5010. an of soft engineering tissues.

CHG8188 Chemical Engineering (BIOM 5300) POLYMER PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERIZATION(3cr.) microstructural degradation Polymer properties and stability; properties; are described surface, physical electrical and states discussed and and optical transitions; in the properties, context thermal polymer of their properties; additives; nature, source mechanical structure-property and means properties relationships. of measurement. and viscoelasticity Chemical models; and


PHYS Physics 4407, PHYS 5101 Systems and Computer Engineering Simulation gathering. ELG6101 (SYSC Analyses as a problem 5001) of simulation solving SIMULATION tool. data: Random point AND and variable MODELLING interval generation, estimation. general Confidence discrete intervals. simulation Overview procedure: of modelling, event table simulation and statistical and problem solving using SIMSCRIPT, MODSIM and other languages. ELG6104 Introduction (SYSC to algorithms 5004) OPTIMIZATION and computer methods FOR for ENGINEERING optimizing complex APPLICATIONS(3cr.) engineering systems. Includes linear programming, networks,

Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)
Mechanical Engineering (MEng / MASc)

nonlinear Emphasizes programming, practical algorithms integer and and computer mixed-integer methods programming, for engineering genetic applications. algorithms and search methods, and dynamic programming.

for Advanced ELG6105 nonlinear theory, (SYSC and mixed-integer algorithms 5005) OPTIMIZATION and optimization. computer methods Search THEORY for methods. optimization. AND Applications METHODS Interior in engineering. point methods Prerequisite: for linear optimization, SYSC 5004 or advanced equivalent. methods ELG6141 (SYSC 5401) ADAPTIVE CONTROL(3cr.) Neural selection. System networks identification. Prediction and and neuro-control. Least estimation. squares Applications Model and recursive reference to robotics, identification adaptive control control techniques. and and pattern self Asymptotic tuning recognition. regulators. and Prerequisite: theoretical Nonlinear SYSC properties. adaptive 5502 or systems. equivalent. Model structure Stability. ELG6142 (SYSC 5402) ADVANCED DYNAMICS WITH APPLICATIONS TO ROBOTICS(3cr.) frequencies. kinematics Lagrange equations of Forced robot manipulators. vibrations. and Hamilton's Stability Denavit-Hartenberg principle. and bifurcation. Dynamics notation. Kinematics of lumped Derivation and parameter dynamics of manipulator of and rigid continuous bodies. dynamics. Gyroscopic systems. Natural effects. Forward modes and and natural inverse

ELG6152 (SYSC 5502) ADVANCED LINEAR SYSTEMS(3cr.) and transform. Modelling the Kalman Canonical and state filter. space representations Numerous realization. examples and Review transformations. and applications. of signals Controllability, and systems. Solution observability to the and matrix controller DE. Discrete and observer time design. systems LQR and design the Z ELG6153 (SYSC 5503) STOCHASTIC PROCESSES(3cr.) variables, queueing Basic concepts theory. stochastic of Exclusion: randomness, processes; ELG random as 5119. applied signals to communications, in linear systems; signal introduction processing, to decision and queueing and estimation; systems; Markov probability chains theory, and elements random of