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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

FOR

AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER Model: BE3-25A

Part Number: 9 1661 00 100

AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER Model: BE3-25A Part Number: 9 1661 00 100 Publication Number: 9 1661 00 990 Date:
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER Model: BE3-25A Part Number: 9 1661 00 100 Publication Number: 9 1661 00 990 Date:

Publication Number: 9 1661 00 990 Date: February, 1985 Revision H: June, 1999

WARNING

To prevent personal injury or equipment damage, only qualified technicians/operators should install, operate, or service this device.

CAUTION

Meggers and high potential test equipment should be used with extreme care. Incorrect use of such equipment could damage components contained in the device.

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

of Basler Electric Company, Highland, IL. It is loaned for confidential use. Subject to return on request and with the mutual understanding that it will not be used in any manner detrimental to the interests of Basler Electric Company.

It is not the intention of this manual to cover all details and variations in equipment, nor does it provide data for every possible contingency regarding installation or operation. The availability and design of all features and options are subject to change without notice. Should further information be required, call Basler Electric Company, Highland, IL.

Rev

ECA

G

15587

Rev

ECO

H

2275

Table of Contents

Paragraph

Title

SECTION 1 GENERAL INFORMATION

Page

1-1

Description

1-1

a. General Description

1-1

b. Basic Unit Description

1-1

c. Frequency/Phase Angle Matching System

1-2

d. Voltage Matching Option

1-2

e. Dead Bus Closing Option

1-3

1-2

Specifications

1-3

1-3

Style Chart

1-4

SECTION 2 THEORY OF OPERATION

2-1

System Theory of Operation

2-1

a. Basic Unit (Without Options)

2-1

b. Basic Unit (With Options)

2-1

2-2

Synchronizer Theory of Operation

2-2

a. Power Supply

2-2

b. Basic Unit

2-2

c. Dead Bus Option

2-3

d. Frequency/Phase Matching Option

2-3

e. Voltage Matching Option

2-3

SECTION 3 CONTROLS, INDICATORS, & JUMPERS

3-1

Controls

3-1

3-2 Indicators

3-1

3-3 Jumpers

3-7

SECTION 4 INSTALLATION & OPERATION

4-1

Installation

4-1

4-2 Interconnection

4-1

 

a. Power and Sensing Connections

4-1

b. Circuit Breaker (SYNC) Connection 4-4

c. Voltage Regulator and/or Governor "Raise/Lower" Connections 4-4

d. Summing Point Governor Connection 4-4

e. Summing Point Voltage Regulator Connection 4-7

4-3 Operation 4-9

4-9

b. Pre-Operational Check-Out 4-10

a. Initial Set-up

 

c. Operation

4-10

SECTION 5 MAINTENANCE

5-1

Preventive Maintenance

5-1

5-2

Troubleshooting

5-1

SECTION 6 REPLACEMENT PARTS 6-1 General

6-1

i

List of Illustrations

Figure

Title

Page

1-1

BE3-25A Style Chart System Block Diagram Synchronizer Block Diagram Controls, Indicators, and Jumpers Style A2N Style B1D Style C2D Style W1D Governor Stability Jumper BE3-25A Outline Drawing Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power from Bus Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power from Generator Power and Sensing Connection, 120 Vac, Power from Bus Power and Sensing Connection, 120 Vac, Power from Generator Raise/Lower Contact Interconnection Barber Coleman DYN1 Interconnection Barber Coleman ILS Interconnection Woodward 2301 Interconnection Woodward 1712-1724 Interconnection Woodward 2301A Interconnection AMBAC International CU673C Interconnection KR, SR-F, SR-E, SR-H Interconnection SR4A and SR8A Interconnection XR2001, XR2002, and XR2003 Interconnection SSE and SER-CB Interconnection SSR Interconnection

1-4

2-1

2-1

2-2

2-4

3-1

3-2

3-1A

3-3

3-1B

3-4

3-1C

3-5

3-1D

3-6

3-2

3-7

4-1

4-1

4-2

4-2

4-3

4-2

4-4

4-3

4-5

4-3

4-6

4-4

4-7

4-5

4-8

4-5

4-9

4-6

4-10

4-6

4-11

4-6

4-12

4-7

4-13

4-7

4-14

4-8

4-15

4-8

4-16

4-8

4-17

4-9

 

List of Tables

Table

Title

Page

1-1

Physical Specifications Electrical Specifications

 

1-3

1-2

1-4

3-1 Controls 3-1 3-2 Indicators 3-1

3-3

Jumpers BE3-25A and Breaker Connections Troubleshooting Chart Replacement Parts

 

3-7

4-1

4-4

5-1

5-1

6-1

6-1

ii

SECTION 1

GENERAL INFORMATION

1-1. DESCRIPTION

a. General Description. The Basler BE3-25A Auto-Synchronizer provides automatic synchronization of an oncoming generator with a bus or another generator. The Synchronizer supplies correction signals to the oncoming generator to match it to the bus or to another generator for frequency, phase angle, and voltage before being closed into the circuit. Options allow for dead bus closing and a variety of output configurations for frequency/phase matching and voltage matching. Construction consists of a case enclosed circuit board with external terminal connections. A TEST/OPERATE switch, LED SYNC and POWER indicators and all operational adjustments are located on the front panel or are accessible through access holes in the front panel.

b. Basic Unit Description. (1) The basic BE3-25A Auto-Synchronizer monitors both the oncoming generator and bus voltages then permits synchronizing the generator to an energized station bus or to another genera- tor when the following predetermined conditions are satisfied:

(a)

The frequency of the oncoming generator and the bus are matched to within ±0.1 Hertz. This corresponds to a slip frequency of ±0.1 Hertz or less.

(b)

The phase angle between the oncoming generator voltage and the bus voltage is less than or equal to the allowable limit determined by the front panel setting. This limit is established by the position of the front panel BREAKER CLOSING ANGLE switch with settings of ±5°, ±10°, ±15°, and ±20°.

(c)

The difference between the generator and bus voltage is less than the selected voltage difference setting which is continuously adjustable over the range of ±5% to ±15% of the bus voltage.

(2) When a jumper is connected across the 0.75 Second Time Delay terminals of the Synchro- nizer (terminals D1 and D2), the generator will be synchronized only when the generator output voltage is within the selected voltage difference setting and the measured phase angle and differ- ence (slip) frequency are less than the following:

Phase Angle

Max. Slip

Setting

Frequency

±5°

±0.037 Hz

±10°

±0.074 Hz

±15°

±0.1 Hz

±20°

±0.1 Hz

(3) When the phase angle, frequency, and voltage are within predetermined limits, the Synchro- nizer energizes the isolated synchronizing output relay to initiate generator circuit breaker closure. The front panel SYNC indicator will illuminate and the frequency and phase angle correction signals are automatically reset. The correction signals can be reset manually by connecting a normally open contact between the Reset terminals of the Synchronizer (terminals R1 and R2). Closure of the synchronizing output relay within the synchronizing parameters will automatically reset the correction output signals.

1-1

(4) Upon a loss of power (power input falls below 85 Vac for 50 and 60 Hertz systems) or removal of either the bus or generator sensing input voltage, the Synchronizer will immediately remove all output correction signals to the governor or voltage regulator.

(5) A built-in "operational test" mode can be used to verify Synchronizer operation when connected to the generator. The Sync Output Relay is inhibited from operating when the TEST/OPERATE switch is set to the TEST position. A red LED (SYNC) on the front panel will illuminate whenever the frequency, phase angle, and voltage are all within the contact closure parameters.

c. Frequency/Phase Angle Matching System.

(1) The frequency/phase angle matching options in the Synchronizer provide correction signals to the generator governor control. Two types of frequency/phase angle matching are available:

(a) "Bipolar" governor correction signals (summing point) for use with most common

electronic type governor controls manufactured by AMBAC International, Barber Coleman, and Woodward. Summing point frequency correction signals are output at maximum until the generator frequency is corrected to within ±3 Hertz of the station bus frequency. Once the ±3 Hertz limit is attained, the output signals become proportional to the amount of the difference frequency (i.e.: the output for a 3 Hertz difference is larger than the output for a 1 Hertz difference).

(b) A "raise/lower" output contact signal for use with hydraulic type governors and motor

operated controls. Contact type correction signals are output as a contact closure. When the phase angle is 0° or within the front panel setting for acceptable phase conditions, the contacts open and remain open. At any phase angle greater than the front panel setting, the contacts are closed.

NOTE

If the governor control, actuator, and associated linkage are not properly adjusted, the BE3-25A output may not be able to drive the governor far enough to allow synchronization.

(2) The output signals will continue until the conditions for breaker closure are satisfied.

d. Voltage Matching Option.

(1) When the voltage matching option is specified, the Synchronizer provides correction signals to the generator voltage regulator or excitation system when the voltage difference between the generator voltage and the bus voltage exceeds the ±1% to ±5% of the bus voltage range as deter- mined by the front panel setting.

(2) Two types of voltage matching are available:

(a) "Bipolar" regulator correction signals for use with the summing point input of Basler

Electric voltage regulators (types: SSR, SR, KR, and XR) and exciter regulators (types: SSE and SER-CB).

(b) A "raise/lower" output contact signal for with motor operated controls (Basler Electric

type: MOC).

(3) The voltage differential is selectable in 1% increments over a range of ±1% to ±5% by a front panel accessible rotary switch.

1-2

(4) The correction signals are proportional to the magnitude of the sensed voltage difference only for summing point outputs. The signals are output until the conditions for breaker closure are satisfied. For output contacts, the contacts are closed until the conditions for acceptable breaker closure are attained.

NOTE

If the voltage regulator is not properly adjusted, the BE3-25A output may not be able to drive the regulator far enough to allow synchroni- zation.

e. Dead Bus Closing Option. Upon detection of a dead bus condition, and when the generator output voltage is above the minimum voltage level, the Synchronizer will automatically close the breaker. The maximum allowable dead bus voltage is adjustable from 10 V to 50 V (at the 120 V tap) by a front panel accessible potentiometer. This option can be disabled by the removal of a terminal strip mounted jumper. For this option to function, input power must be from the generator or from an external source other than the bus.

1-2. SPECIFICATIONS

Refer to Table 1-1 for the physical specifications and to Table 1-2 for the electrical specifications.

Table 1-1. Physical Specifications.

Storage Temperature:

-85°F (-65°C) to +185°F (+85°C)

Operating Temprature:

-40°F (-40°C) to +158°F (+70°C)

Shock:

Withstands up to 15 G's in any of three mutually perpendicular axes.

Vibration:

Withstands the following:

5 to 18 Hz at 0.06 inch double amplitude

18

to 30 Hz at 1 G

30

to 48 Hz at 0.02 inch double amplitude

48

to 70 Hz at 2.5 G's

Weight:

4 lbs. (1.82 kg)

1-3

Table 1-2. Electrical Specifications.

Input Sensing and Oper- ating Power:

120

Vac Nominal (80 - 140 Vac); 50 Hz,

120

Vac Nominal (87 - 153 Vac); 60 Hz,

 

240

Vac Nominal (180 - 264 Vac); 50 Hz,

240

Vac Nominal (167 - 304 Vac); 60 Hz.

Input Power Burden:

Operating: 11 VA, Sensing: 2 VA.

Output Contact Rating:

Sync Contact (Close Breaker):

120

Vac @ 10 A resistive,

220

Vac @ 7.5 A resistive,

28

Vac @ 10 A resistive.

Raise/Lower (Voltage/Frequency Matching):

120

Vac @ 10 A resistive,

240

Vac @ 6 A resistive,

28

Vac @ 6 A resistive.

Summing Point Frequen- cy Matching Output (Open Breaker Condi- tion):

Option A: +10 Vdc to 0 Vdc to provide ±3 Hz of Control. Option B: ±4 Vdc to provide ±3 Hz of Control. Option W: ±7 Vdc to provide ±3 Hz of Control.

Summing Point Voltage Matching Output (Open Breaker Condition):

Option 1: +10 Vdc maximum.

1-3. STYLE CHART

The model number of the Synchronizer is a combination of letters and numbers indicating the features and options. Refer to Figure 1-1 for the style chart which shows the various options and features.

Refer to Figure 1-1 for the style chart which shows the various options and features. Figure

Figure 1-1. BE3-25A Style Chart.

1-4

SECTION 2

THEORY OF OPERATION

2-1. SYSTEM THEORY OF OPERATION (Refer to Figure 2-1)

a. Basic Unit(without Options) System Theory of Operation. (1) As the prime mover brings the oncoming generator up to rated speed, the generated voltage is applied to the Synchronizer. When the generator output voltage reaches 85 Vac for 50 Hertz and 60 Hertz systems, the Synchronizer will begin sensing both the generator and bus for frequency, phase angle, and voltage.

(2) When the Synchronizer senses that all parameters for the oncoming generator are matched with the bus, the Breaker Close Contact is energized to initiate a breaker closure that will connect the oncoming generator to the bus.

that will connect the oncoming generator to the bus. Figure 2-1. System Block Diagram. b. Basic

Figure 2-1. System Block Diagram.

b. Basic Unit (With Options) System Theory of Operation.

NOTE

Even though the BE3-25A always has frequency matching, for pur- poses of discussion, it is considered an option because of the two types that may be selected (summing point or contacts).

(1) Frequency/Phase Correction Option.

(a) If the output is a summing point type, then the frequency correction output signals are at

maximum until the generator frequency is corrected to within ±3 Hertz of the station bus frequency. Once the ±3 Hertz limit is reached, the output signals become proportional to the difference

2-1

frequency (i.e.: the output for a 3 Hertz difference is larger than that for a 1 Hertz difference.) If the Reset jumper is installed to provide internal operation, the signals will continue being output until the phase angle is within the front panel setting. If the Reset function is being controlled externally, the correction signals will continue until the external reset contacts are closed.

(b) If the output type is a contact closure, then the contacts are closed at any phase angle

greater than the front panel setting and are open only if the phase angle is 0° or if the phase angle is within the front panel setting for acceptable phase conditions.

(2) Voltage Correction Option. An optional voltage option may be installed. When this option

is installed, it operates as follows:

(a) If the output is a summing point type, the Synchronizer outputs a "bipolar" correction

signal that is proportional to the amount of voltage difference (i.e.: the larger the voltage difference between the bus voltage and the generator voltage, the larger the correction signal). If the Reset jumper is installed to provide internal operation, the signals will continue being output until the difference voltage is within the front panel setting. If the Reset function is being controlled externally, the correction signals will continue until the external reset contacts are closed.

(b) If the output type is a contact closure, then the contacts are closed at any difference

voltage greater than the front panel setting and are open only if the difference voltage is within the front panel setting for acceptable synchronizing conditions.

(3) Dead Bus Connection Option.

This option will allow a breaker closure to occur even

though the bus is dead or extremely low (i.e.: a maximum of 10 - 50 Vac is present).

2-2. SYNCHRONIZER THEORY OF OPERATION (Refer to Figure 2-2)

a. Power Supply Theory of Operation. Either the oncoming generator or the bus voltage is fed to

the Synchronizer Power Supply. The Power Supply steps the voltage down and rectifies it to provide

a +12 Vdc and a -12 Vdc output.

b. Basic Unit Theory of Operation.

The oncoming generator and bus voltages are monitored

and processed by the Generator Sensing and Bus Sensing Circuits. The outputs of these circuits are applied to the 0.1 Hertz Frequency Difference Comparator, the Phase Angle Comparator, and the Voltage Difference Comparator. The Sensing Circuit outputs are also applied to the following Option Circuits: Dead Bus, Frequency/Phase Matching, and Voltage Matching.

(1) Generator and Bus Sensing.

The 0.1 Hertz Frequency Difference

Comparator compares the frequencies of the bus and the oncoming generator. IF the frequencies are within 0.1 Hertz of each other, an output signal is applied to the Gating Network.

(2) 0.1 Hertz Frequency Difference Comparator.

(3) Phase Angle Comparator. The Phase Angle Comparator compares the phase angle of the bus to that of the oncoming generator. When the phase angle difference becomes less than ±5° to ±20° (as selected by the front panel potentiometer), the resulting output signal will be applied to the Gating Network.

(4) Voltage Difference Comparator.

The Voltage Difference Comparator compares the

voltage of the bus to that of the oncoming generator. When the voltage difference becomes less than ±5% to ±15% (as selected by the front panel potentiometer), the resulting output signal will be applied to the Gating Network.

When the 0.1 Hertz Frequency Difference Comparator

output, Phase Angle Comparator output, and the Voltage Difference Comparator output are all present at the Gating Circuitry input, the Time Delay Circuit will be triggered to start counting down. All three inputs must be present for at least 0.75 seconds before the Closing Contact Circuit is

(5) Gating/Time Delay Circuitry.

2-2

energized. If any one of these input signals is removed prior to the end of the countdown (or timing) period, the Closing Contact Circuit will not be enabled. Removal of the 0.75S DELAY jumper will bypass this time delay function and thereby provide instantaneous operation of the Closing Contact Circuit.

(6) Closing Circuit.

(a) When energized, the Closing Contact will cause the front panel SYNC indicator to il-

luminate and the Breaker Closing Output Contacts to close. A reset signal will also be generated to

cause a reset of all control signals.

(b) The front panel TEST switch, when in the TEST position, will allow the front panel

SYNC indicator only to function. The Closing Contact Circuit will be inhibited.

c. Dead Bus Option Theory of Operation. When the sensed bus voltage is less than the dead bus setting, an output signal is applied to the output circuit to energize the Sync Output Relay and to illuminate the front panel SYNC indicator. A front panel accessible potentiometer determines the voltage level for a "dead bus".

d. Frequency/Phase Matching Option Theory of Operation.

NOTE

Even though the BE3-25A always has frequency matching, for pur- poses of discussion, it is considered an option because of the two types that may be selected (summing point or contacts).

(1) The Frequency/Phase Matching Circuit will output signals proportional to the difference frequency and input them to the Gate Circuit. When the slip (difference) frequency exceeds ±3 Hertz, these correction signals will be at their maximum level. Frequency correction signals are applied to the output circuits when the sensed input voltages (bus and generator) are above the minimum voltages given in Table 1-1.

(2) The frequency correction output will either be a "raise/lower" contact for use with motor operated control (MOC) type governors or a "bipolar" type output for use with summing point type electronic governors.

e. Voltage Matching Option Theory of Operation. (1) When the voltage difference between the bus and the oncoming generator is greater than ±1% - ±5% of the bus voltage (as preselected by a switch), the Voltage Matching Circuit will apply a signal to the Gate Circuit. Voltage correction signals will be applied to the output circuits when the sensed input voltages (bus and generator) are above the minimum voltages given in Table 1-1.

(2) The voltage correction signals will drive either a "raise/lower" contact type output for use with motor operated control (MOC) type voltage regulators or a "bipolar" type output for use with the summing point type input of Basler Electric voltage regulators (types SSR, XR, SR, and KR) and for exciter regulators (types SSE and SER-CB).

2-3

Figure 2-2. Synchronizer Block Diagram. 2-4

Figure 2-2. Synchronizer Block Diagram.

2-4

SECTION 3

CONTROLS, INDICATORS, & JUMPERS

3-1. CONTROLS

The BE3-25A controls are shown in Figure 3-1 and are described in Table 3-1.

NOTE

Not all controls are on all styles.

Table 3-1. Controls.

CONTROL

FUNCTION

TEST/OPERATE Switch

Selects either the TEST or the OPERATE Mode.

% VOLT MATCH (5-15) Potentiometer

Selects the maximum voltage difference between the generator and the bus prior to allowing breaker closure.

± BREAKER CLOSING ANGLE Switch (5° - 20°)

Selects the maximum allowable phase angle difference (in 5° increments) between the generator and the station bus prior to breaker closure.

% VOLT MATCH (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) Switch

Used to select the voltage difference when using the voltage matching option.

DEAD BUS (10 V - 50 V) Potentiometer

Used to set the "dead bus" threshold.

GOV STAB Potentiometer

Used to adjust the stability and response time of the governor.

REG STAB Potentiometer

Used to adjust the stability and response time of the voltage regulator.

OFFSET ADJ Potentiometer

Used to adjust the amount of offset voltage required for the AMBAC International CU673C governor.

3-2. INDICATORS

The BE3-25A controls are shown in Figure 3-1 and are described in Table 3-2.

Table 3-2. Indicators.

INDICATOR

FUNCTION

POWER Indicator

Illuminates to indicate that power is applied to the Synchronizer.

SYNC Indicator

Illuminates to indicate that the generator is synchronized with the bus.

3-1

NOTE

The front panel shown in Figure 3-1 is a composite to illustrate the location of the controls and indicators. All of these may not be included on a given style number. For the right-hand terminal strip terminal designations, refer to Figure 3-2 and to Section 4.

D INC E GOV. STAB. 3 AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER MODEL: BE3-25A B240 BUS SENSE 2 T B120
D
INC
E
GOV.
STAB.
3
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER
MODEL: BE3-25A
B240
BUS
SENSE
2
T
B120
VOLTS
50/60HZ
BC
R
U R L
G240
GEN
SENSE
G120
VOLTS
o
U
10
o 15
50/60HZ
o
5 o
20
GC
P240
+ - BREAKER
CLOSING ANGLE
POWER
P120
OFFSET
VOLTS
ADJ.
S
50/60HZ
POWER
PC
R1
RESET
R2
5
15
% VOLT
D1
0.75 S.
MATCH
DELAY
D2
INC
SC
10V
50V
REG
I
DEAD
STAB
SYNC
DEAD
SNO
BUS
DB1
BUS
CONTACT
RATING
SNC
DB2
10A AT 120 VAC OR 28 VDC
SYNC
7.5A AT 220 VAC
2
3 4
2
1 5
Basler Electric
% VOLT
Highland, Illinois
R
MATCH
TEST
OPERATE
L
Figure 3-1. Controls, Indicators, and Jumpers.

3-2

INC GOV. STAB. D E AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER MODEL: BE3-25A 3 B240 BUS STYLE: A 2 N
INC
GOV.
STAB.
D
E
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER
MODEL: BE3-25A
3
B240
BUS
STYLE: A 2 N
SENSE
T
B120
2
VOLTS
50/60HZ
BC
R U
L
R
G240
GEN
SENSE
G120
VOLTS
U
o
10
o 15
50/60HZ
o
5 o
20
GC
P240
+ - BREAKER
G1
CLOSING ANGLE
POWER
P120
S
OFFSET
G2
VOLTS
ADJ.
50/60HZ
POWER
LVC
PC
LVNO
R1
RESET
R2
LVNC
D1
0.75 S.
RVC
DELAY
RVNO
D2
I
SC
RVNC
SYNC
DEAD
SNO
BUS
CONTACT
RATING
SNC
10A AT 120 VAC OR 28 VDC
SYNC
2
7.5A AT 220 VAC
2
3 4
1 5
Basler Electric
% VOLT
R Highland, Illinois
MATCH
TEST
OPERATE
L
Figure 3-1A. Style A2N.

3-3

INC GOV. D STAB. E 3 AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER MODEL: BE3-25A C B240 BUS STYLE: B 1
INC
GOV.
D
STAB.
E
3
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER
MODEL: BE3-25A
C
B240
BUS
STYLE: B 1 D
SENSE
T
ILS
B120
2
VOLTS
50/60HZ
BC
R
U R L
G240
H
GEN
SENSE
G120
WP
VOLTS
U
o
10
o 15
50/60HZ
5 o
20 o
GC
F
P240
+ - BREAKER
GOV.
G1
CLOSING ANGLE
STABILITY
POWER
G2
S
P120
RANGE
VOLTS
50/60HZ
POWER
PC
VR1
VOLTAGE
VR2
R1
REGULATOR
RESET
VR3
R2
REGULATORY
POLARITY
VR4
D1
0.75 S.
DELAY
INC
I
D2
10V
50V
REG
DEAD
STAB
SC
BUS
SYNC
DEAD
SNO
DB1
BUS
CONTACT
RATING
SNC
DB2
2
10A AT 120 VAC OR 28 VDC
SYNC
7.5A AT 220 VAC
2
3 4
1 5
Basler Electric
% VOLT
L
Highland, Illinois
R
MATCH
TEST
OPERATE
Figure 3-1B. Style B1D.

3-4

INC D GOV. E STAB. 3 AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER MODEL: BE3-25A RFC B240 BUS STYLE: C 2
INC
D
GOV.
E
STAB.
3
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER
MODEL: BE3-25A
RFC
B240
BUS
STYLE: C 2 D
SENSE
T
RFNO
B120
2
RAISE
VOLTS
FREQ.
50/60HZ
BC
RFNC
R
U R L
G240
LFC
GEN
SENSE
LOWER
G120
LFNO
VOLTS
o
U
10
o 15
FREQ.
50/60HZ
5 o
20 o
GC
LFNC
P240
+ BREAKER
-
CLOSING ANGLE
POWER
P120
S
VOLTS
50/60HZ
POWER
PC
LVC
LOWER
LVNO
R1
VOLTAGE
RESET
LVNC
R2
RVC
D1
0.75 S.
DELAY
RAISE
D2
RVNO
10V
50V
I
VOLTAGE
DEAD
SC
RVNC
BUS
SYNC
DEAD
SNO
DB1
BUS
CONTACT
RATING
SNC
DB2
10A AT 120 VAC OR 28 VDC
SYNC
2
7.5A AT 220 VAC
2 3
4
1 5
Basler Electric
% VOLT
R Highland, Illinois
MATCH
TEST
OPERATE
L
Figure 3-1C. Style C2D.

3-5

INC D GOV. STAB. E 3 AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER MODEL: BE3-25A C B240 STYLE: W 1 D
INC
D
GOV.
STAB.
E
3
AUTO-SYNCHRONIZER
MODEL: BE3-25A
C
B240
STYLE:
W 1 D
BUS
SENSE
T
1712/1724
B120
2
VOLTS
50/60HZ
2301
BC
U
R
R L
G240
2301A
GEN
SENSE
G120
VOLTS
o
o
U
10
15
50/60HZ
o
5 o
20
GC
+
P240
-
BREAKER
GOV.
G1
CLOSING ANGLE
STABILITY
POWER
G2
P120
RANGE
S
VOLTS
50/60HZ
POWER
PC
VR1
VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
VR2
R1
RESET
VR3
R2
REGULATOR
POLARITY
VR4
D1
0.75 S.
DELAY
I
D2
INC
SC
10V
50V
REG
DEAD
STAB
SYNC
DEAD
SNO
BUS
DB1
BUS
CONTACT
RATING
SNC
DB2
10A AT 120 VAC OR 28 VDC
2
SYNC
7.5A AT 220 VAC
3
2
4
1
5
Basler Electric
% VOLT
Highland, Illinois
L
R
MATCH
TEST
OPERATE

Figure 3-1D. Style W1D.

3-6

3-3. JUMPERS

The BE3-25A jumpers are shown in Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 and are described in Table 3-3.

NOTE

Not all jumpers are required for all styles.

Table 3-3. Jumpers.

JUMPER

FUNCTION

RESET Jumper

Used to enable the internal reset function. Refer to paragraph 1-1.b.3 and 2-1.b.1.a.

0.75 S DELAY Jumper

Used to enable the 0.75 second delay to occur between synchronization and breaker closure enable.

GOV STABILITY RANGE Jumper

Used to select the governor stability range (system response time). Refer to Figure 3-2.

REGULATOR POLARITY Jumper

Used to select the Synchronizer polarity output for correct regulator operation.

DEAD BUS Jumper

Used to enable the Dead Bus Option.

regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability
regulator operation. DEAD BUS Jumper Used to enable the Dead Bus Option. Figure 3-2. Governor Stability

Figure 3-2. Governor Stability Jumper

3-7

SECTION 4 INSTALLATION & OPERATION

4-1. INSTALLATION

The unit is convection cooled and should not be mounted near heat generating equipment or

inside of totally enclosed switchgear where the temperature rise could exceed the Synchronizer's

operating limit.

Vertical mounting is recommended to obtain optimum convection cooling. Refer

to Figure 4-1 for dimensions and mounting holes.

6.5 (165) 2.9 (73) 1.0 (25) 4.5 (114) 2.6 (65) 0.218 (6) DIA. MOUNTING 4
6.5
(165)
2.9 (73)
1.0 (25)
4.5
(114)
2.6 (65)
0.218 (6) DIA.
MOUNTING
4 PLACES
0.5
(13)
9.0
(229)
6-32 TERMINAL
SCREW ON
0.375 CENTERS
TYP. 32 PLCS.
9.5
(241)
8.5
(216)

NOTE: ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES (MILLIMETERS).

Figure 4-1. BE3-25A Outline Drawing.

4-2. INTERCONNECTION

a. Power and Sensing Connections. Connect the power and sensing inputs to the BE3-25A as shown by Figures 4-2 through 4-5.

4-1

Figure 4-2. Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power From Bus. Figure 4-3. Power and
Figure 4-2. Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power From Bus.
Figure 4-2. Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power From Bus.
4-2. Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power From Bus. Figure 4-3. Power and Sensing Connection,

Figure 4-3. Power and Sensing Connection, 240 Vac, Power From Generator.

4-2

B»E»3»-»2»5»A

B»E»3»-»2»5»A
B»E»3»-»2»5»A

Figure 4-4. Power and Sensing Connection, 120 Vac, Power From Bus.

4-4. Power and Sensing Connection, 120 Vac, Power From Bus. Figure 4-5. Power and Sensing Connection,

Figure 4-5. Power and Sensing Connection, 120 Vac, Power From Generator.

4-3

b. Circuit Breaker (SYNC) Connection. Connect the circuit breaker to the BE3-25A as given in

Table 4-1.

Table 4-1. BE3-25A and Breaker Connections.

Breaker Input

BE3-25A SYNC Output

C

SC

NO

SNO

NC

SNC

c. Voltage Regulator and/or Governor "Raise/Lower" Connections. Connect the "raise/lower"

contact outputs as shown by Figure 4-6.

FREQUENCY MATCHING OPTION "C" (SEE NOTE 1) VOLTAGE MATCHING OPTION NOTES: OR "2" (SEE NOTE
FREQUENCY
MATCHING OPTION
"C"
(SEE NOTE 1)
VOLTAGE
MATCHING OPTION
NOTES:
OR
"2"
(SEE NOTE 2)
1. TERMINALS ARE DESIGNATED WITH
PREFIX RF OR LF.
2. TERMINALS ARE DESIGNATED WITH
RAISE
LOWER
PREFIX RV OR LV.
BE3-25A
NO
C
NC
NO
C
NC
TO VOLTAGE
REGULATOR
OR
GOVERNOR
INPUT
AUXILIARY LIMIT SWITCHES
VOLTAGE
- +
1 2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
11
12
13
CW
BASLER
MOTOR OPERATED
CONTROL
M

Figure 4-6. Raise/Lower Contact Interconnection.

d. Summing Point Governor Connections. Connect the summing point governor to the BE3-

25A as shown by Figures 4-7 through 4-12.

4-4

Figure 4-7. Barber Coleman DYN1 Interconnection. Figure 4-8. Barber Coleman ILS Interconnection. 4-5

Figure 4-7. Barber Coleman DYN1 Interconnection.

Figure 4-7. Barber Coleman DYN1 Interconnection. Figure 4-8. Barber Coleman ILS Interconnection. 4-5

Figure 4-8. Barber Coleman ILS Interconnection.

4-5

Figure 4-9. Woodward 2301 Interconnection. Figure 4-10. Woodward 1712-1724 Interconnection. Figure 4-11. Woodward 2301A

Figure 4-9. Woodward 2301 Interconnection.

Figure 4-9. Woodward 2301 Interconnection. Figure 4-10. Woodward 1712-1724 Interconnection. Figure 4-11. Woodward 2301A

Figure 4-10. Woodward 1712-1724 Interconnection.

2301 Interconnection. Figure 4-10. Woodward 1712-1724 Interconnection. Figure 4-11. Woodward 2301A Interconnection. 4-6

Figure 4-11. Woodward 2301A Interconnection.

4-6

Figure 4-12. AMBAC International CU673C Interconnection. e. Summing Point Voltage Regulator Connection. Connect the

Figure 4-12. AMBAC International CU673C Interconnection.

e. Summing Point Voltage Regulator Connection. Connect the voltage regulator to the BE3- 25A as shown by Figures 4-13 through 4-17.

to the BE3- 25A as shown by Figures 4-13 through 4-17. Figure 4-13. KR, SR-F, SR-E,

Figure 4-13. KR, SR-F, SR-E, and SR-H Interconnection.

4-7

Figure 4-14. SR4A and SR8A Interconnection. Figure 4-15. XR2001, XR2002, and XR2003 Interconnection. Figure 4-16.

Figure 4-14. SR4A and SR8A Interconnection.

Figure 4-14. SR4A and SR8A Interconnection. Figure 4-15. XR2001, XR2002, and XR2003 Interconnection. Figure 4-16. SSE

Figure 4-15. XR2001, XR2002, and XR2003 Interconnection.

Interconnection. Figure 4-15. XR2001, XR2002, and XR2003 Interconnection. Figure 4-16. SSE and SER-CB Interconnection. 4-8

Figure 4-16. SSE and SER-CB Interconnection.

4-8

Figure 4-17. SSR Interconnection. 4-3. OPERATION a. Initial Set-Up. NOTE Perform only those steps that

Figure 4-17. SSR Interconnection.

4-3. OPERATION

a. Initial Set-Up.

NOTE

Perform only those steps that are applicable to your BE3-25A as indicated by parenthesis.

NOTE

If the governor and the voltage regulator are not properly adjusted (refer to the individual governor and voltage regulator manuals), the BE3-25A may not be able to drive the governor or voltage regulator enough to allow synchronization.

(1)

(All Models.) Set the front panel TEST/OPERATE switch to the TEST position.

(2)

(All Summing Point Models.) If the internal reset feature is desired, connect the exter- nal jumper (if not already installed) across terminals R1 and R2. If the reset function is to controlled externally, remove the jumper and connect the external control con- tacts (a switch or 52a contacts) across the terminals.

(3)

(All Models.) To enable the 0.75 second delay between synchronization and breaker closure, connect an external jumper (if not already installed) across terminals D1 and D2. To provide instantaneous time between synchronization and breaker closure, remove any jumper connected across these terminals.

(4)

(Option D Only.) To enable the dead bus option, connect an external jumper (if not already installed) across terminals DB1 and DB2. To disable this option, remove any jumper connected across these terminals.

(5)

(Option 1 Only.) Refer to Figures 4-13 through 4-17 as appropriate, and either re- move or install the Regulator Polarity Jumper at terminals VR3 and VR3 as directed therein.

4-9

(6)

(Options A, B, or W Only.) Refer to Figure 3-2 and connect the Governor Stability Jumper for medium response time at terminals G1 and G2.

(7)

(Options 1 or 2 Only.) Rotate the front panel % VOLT MATCH switch to select the desired voltage difference (1%, 2%, 3%, 4% or 5%) that is required for synchroniza- tion.

(8)

(All Models except Options 1 and 2.) Set the front panel % VOLT MATCH potentiom- eter to midrange.

(9)

(All Models.) Set the front panel ± BREAKER CLOSING ANGLE switch to the de- sired closing angle (5 , 10 , 15 , or 20 ).

(10)

(All Models.) Set all other controls to midrange.

(11)

(Option A Only.) Set the governor offset as follows:

(a)

Install the reset jumper to terminals R1 and R2.

(b)

While observing a frequency meter, adjust the generator frequency until the front panel SYNC indicator is illuminated.

(c)

Adjust the front panel OFFSET ADJ potentiometer until there is no frequency correction signals output from the Synchronizer.

(d)

If external reset is desired, remove the jumper from terminals R1 and R2, and then connect the external contacts to the terminals.

(12)

(All Models Except Options 1 and 2.) Adjust the voltage difference between the bus and the generator to the desired level. Then adjust the front panel % VOLT MATCH potentiometer until the front panel SYNC indicator just goes out.

(13)

(Option D Only.) Decrease the bus voltage to the desired "dead bus" threshold and then adjust the front panel DEAD BUS 10 V - 50 V potentiometer until the front panel SYNC indicator just lights. Return the bus voltage to the previous level.

(14)

(All Models.) Shut down the prime mover and then restart the prime mover while ob- serving the generator frequency and voltage. If needed, adjust the governor Stability and/or the voltage regulator Stability potentiometers for the best response time with frequency or voltage hunting (oscillations).

b. Pre-Operational Check-Out.

(1)

Verify that all connections are correct per the appropriate interconnection diagram.

(2)

Check that the front panel TEST/OPERATE switch is in the OPERATE position.

(3)

Verify that all jumpers are either installed or removed per the application of the Synchronizer.

(4)

Ensure that all controls are set per the application of the Synchronizer.

c. Operation.

(1)

When power is applied, observe that the front panel POWER indicator illuminates.

(2)

When the Synchronizer has synchronized the oncoming generator with the bus, ob- serve that the front panel SYNC indicator is illuminated.

4-10

SECTION 5 MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS

5-1. PREVENTIVE MAINTE- NANCE

A periodic inspection of the unit should be made to ensure that it is clean and free from accumulations of dust and moisture. Ensure that all wire con- nections are clean and secure.

5-2. TROUBLESHOOTING

The more common malfunctions and their appropriate repair procedures are listed in Table 5-1.

Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart.

MALFUNCTION TEST OR INSPECTION

CORRECTIVE ACTION

1. POWER Indicator Does Not Illuminate.

Step 1. Check all wiring for proper connections.

If wiring is not proper, reconnect wiring.

If wiring is proper, proceed to step 2.

Step 2. Verify that input power is of correct value.

If voltage is not of correct value, connect proper level of voltage to Synchro- nizer.

If voltage is of correct value, proceed to step 3.

Step 3. Replace Synchronizer if the above steps fail to correct the problem.

2. No Governor Control.

Step 1. Check all wiring for proper connections.

If wiring is not proper, reconnect wiring.

If wiring is proper, proceed to step 2.

Step 2. Check for defective governor.

If governor is defective, refer to the governor instruction manual.

If governor is not defective, proceed to step 3.

Step 3. Measure Synchronizer output contacts with a meter or measure the Synchronizer Vdc output with a high impedance meter (VTVM or DVM with 1M ohm input) for summing point output.

If output is defective, replace Synchronizer.

5-1

Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart - Continued.

MALFUNCTION TEST OR INSPECTION CORRECTIVE ACTION

3. No Voltage Regulator Control.

Step 1. Check all wiring for proper connections.

If wiring is not proper, reconnect wiring.

If wiring is proper, proceed to step 2.

Step 2. Check for defective voltage regulator.

If voltage regulator is defective, refer to the voltage regulator instruction man- ual.

If voltage regulator is not defective, proceed to step 3.

Step 3. Check for defective motor operated control.

If motor operated control is defective, refer to the motor operated control in- struction manual.

If motor operated control is not defective, proceed to step 4.

Step 4. Measure Synchronizer output contacts with a meter or measure the Synchronizer Vdc output with a high impedance meter (VTVM or DVM with 1M ohm input) for summing point output.

If output is defective, replace Synchronizer.

4. SYNC Indicator Illuminates, But Breaker Does Not Close.

Step 1. Check position of TEST/OPERATE switch.

Set switch to OPERATE if in TEST position.

If switch was in OPERATE position, proceed to step 2.

Step 2. Check all sync connections and wiring for proper connections.

If wiring is not proper, reconnect wiring.

If wiring is proper, proceed to step 3.

Step 3. Check for defective breaker.

If breaker is defective, refer to the breaker instruction manual.

If breaker is not defective, proceed to step 4.

Step 4. Replace Synchronizer if the above steps fail to correct the problem.

5-2

Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart - Continued.

MALFUNCTION TEST OR INSPECTION CORRECTIVE ACTION

5. SYNC Indicator Does Not Illuminate.

Step 1. Check all sync connections and wiring for proper connections.

If wiring is not proper, reconnect wiring.

If wiring is proper, proceed to step 2.

Step 2. Check that phase angle, voltage difference, and/or slip frequency limits are not being exceeded.

If limits are being exceeded, adjust governor and/or voltage regulator.

If limits are not being exceeded, proceed to step 3.

Step 3.

Replace Synchronizer if the above steps fail to correct the problem.

5-3

SECTION 6 REPLACEMENT PARTS

6-1. GENERAL

The following list (Table 6-1) describes the components and assemblies of the generator excita- tion system that have maintenance significance. Refer to the appropriate manual for replacement parts information. When ordering parts from Basler Electric Company, be sure to specify the sys- tem number (9 1661 00 100), reference, Basler part number, quantity, and description.

Table 6-1. Replacement Parts

 

Basler

   

Reference

Part Number

Qt

Description

K1

17311

1

Relay

K201,K202,

     

K801,K802

15514

4

Relay

K701

17049

1

Relay

---------------

9 1661 01 100

1

Printed Circuit Board (Specify Style Number when ordering)

6-1