Sunteți pe pagina 1din 12

MATH 1710 College Algebra

Chapter 3 Review
Quadratic Functions
6)
y

3.1 Quadratic Functions and Models

5
4

Exercises 1-6

3
2

Identify f as being linear, quadratic, or neither.


If f is quadratic, identify the leading coefficient.
7
1) f(x) =
5x2 + 2

1
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
-1

6 x

-2
-3
-4

2) f(x) = 4 - x + 3x2

-5
-6

3) f(x) = -5x - 3
Exercises 11-15 , 53-72

Evaluate.
4) Given f(x) = 2x2 + 6x + 3, find f(-5).

Sketch a graph of f.
7) f(x) = 2x2

Exercises 7-10

y
10

Use the graph of the quadratic function to


determine the sign of the leading coefficient, the
vertex, and the equation of the axis of symmetry.
5)
6

-10

-5

5
-5

4
3

-10

2
1
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
-1

6 x

Exercises 15-20

-2

Determine the vertex of the graph of f.


8) f(x) = -2(x + 4)2 - 6

-3
-4
-5
-6

9) f(x) = 2x2 + 12x + 22

3-1

10

Exercises 29-40

Exercises 83-92

Write the equation as f(x) = a(x - h) 2 + k. Identify


the vertex.
10) f(x) = x2 + 6x - 4

Solve the problem.


15) The height of an object dropped from
a tall building is given by the table,
where t is the elapsed time in seconds
and h is the height in feet.
t
0
1
2
3
4
5
h 750 734 686 606 494 350
If the height is modeled by h(t) = h 0 -

Exercises 21-28
Use the given graph of the quadratic function f to
write its formula as f(x) = a(x - h) 2 + k.

16t2 , find h 0 .

11)
5

16) A farmer has 2000 feet of fence with


which to fence a rectangular plot of
land. The plot lies along a river so that
only three sides need to be fenced.
Estimate the largest area that can be
fenced.

4
3
2
1
-7

-6

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

3 x

-1

Exercises 97-98

-2
-3

Find f(x) = a(x - h) 2 + k so that f models the data


exactly.
17)
x -3 -2 -1 0 1
y -3 3 5 3 -3

-4
-5

Exercises 41-52
Identify the interval where f is increasing or
decreasing, as indicated. Express your answer in
interval notation.
12) f(x) = (x - 5)2 - 5; decreasing

Exercises 105-110
Use regression to find a quadratic function that
best fits the data. Give results to the nearest
hundredth.
18) x 2 6 8 15
f(x) 35 95 116 78

13) f(x) = -6x2 + 12x - 4; decreasing


Exercises 75-76

3.2 Quadratic Equations and Problem Solving

Find the difference quotient for the function and


simplify it.
14) g(x) = 7x2 + 8x - 6

Exercises 1-28
Solve the quadratic equation.
19) x2 - 8x + 15 = 0
20) 5x2 = 65

3-2

Solve the quadratic equation.


21) x(x - 9) = 22

Exercises 97-100
The graph of f(x) = ax2 + bx + c is given in the
figure. State whether a > 0 or a < 0.
30)

22) (p + 6)2 = 2

23) x2 + 10x + 25 = 13

10

24) 2x2 + 8x + 5 = 0

Exercises 29-34

-10

-5

10

10

-5

Use the given graph to find the x-intercepts.


25)
25

-10

20
15

31)

10

5
10
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1
-5

1 2 3 4 5 6x
5

-10
-15
-20
-10

-25

-5
-5

Exercises 35-46
-10

Use a calculator to find a graphical solution to the


equation. Express results to the nearest
thousandth.
26) x2 - 9x = -4
Exercises 81-96
Use the discriminant to determine the number of
real solutions.
27) s2 - 4s - 5 = 0
28) t2 - 8t + 16 = 0
29) w2 - 4w + 6 = 0

3-3

The graph of f(x) = ax2 + bx + c is given in the


figure. Solve the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0.

34)
y

50

32)

40

30
20

10

10

5
-10

-5

10

-10

-10

-5

10

-20

-30

-5

-40
-50

-10

The graph of f(x) = ax2 + bx + c is given in the


figure. Determine whether the discriminant is
positive, negative, or zero.
35)

33)
y

10
10

5
5

-10

-5

10

x
-10

-5

10

10

-5
-5

-10
-10

36)
y
10

-10

-5
-5

-10

3-4

37)

3.4 Quadratic Inequalities


y

Exercises 1-10

10

Use the given graph of f(x) = ax2 + bx + c to solve


the specified inequality.
41) f(x) < 0

-10

-5

10

y
10

-5

-10

-10

Exercises 103, 105, 119


Solve the problem.
38) Your company uses the quadratic
model y = -4.5x2 + 150x to represent

10

10

-10

the average number of new customers


who will be signed on (x) weeks after
the release of your new service. How
many new customers can you expect
to gain in week 4?

42) f(x) 0
y
10

39) A farmer has 1300 feet of fence with


which to fence a rectangular plot of
land. The plot lies along a river so that
only three sides need to be fenced.
Estimate the largest area that can be
fenced.

-10

Solve the problem.


40) The table lists the amount of emissions
of a certain pollutant in millions of
tons.
Year 1980 1985 1990 1995
P 18.8 22.6 26.0 29.0
If the amount of emissions is modeled
by a function of the form
f(x) = ax2 + bx + c where x is the year,

-10

Exercises 11-22
Solve the inequality.
43) x2 + 4x - 5 > 0

estimate the amount of emissions in


the year 2035.

44) x2 + x - 4 0
45) -3x2 + 3x - 5 0

3-5

Exercises 23-26

49)
y

Use the given table for f(x) = ax2 + bx + c to solve


the inequality f(x) < 0.
46)
x -9 -6 -3
0
3 6 9
f(x) 45 0 -27 -36 -27 0 45

10

-10

-5

Solve the problem.


47) If a rocket is propelled upward from
ground level, its height in meters after
t seconds is given by h = -9.8t2 + 88.2t.

10

-5

-10

During what interval of time will the


rocket be higher than 137.2 m?

Exercises 9-14

3.5 Transformations of Graphs

Use transformations of the graphs of y = x 2 or y =


|x| to sketch a graph of f by hand.
50) f(x) = x2 - 2

Exercises 1-8
The given graph represents a translation of the
graph of y = x2 . Write the equation of the graph.

y
10

48)
5

y
10
-10

-5

10

10

5
-5
-10

-5

10

x
-10

-5

51) f(x) = x - 9 - 4

-10

y
10

-10

-5
-5

-10

3-6

Exercises 15-22

Exercises 69-72

Find an equation that shifts the graph of f by the


indicated amounts.
52) f(x) = x2 + 2x - 7; right 6 units, down

For the given representation of f, graph its


reflection across the x-axis and the y-axis.
55) f(x) = x2 - 2x - 2

13 units
10

8
6

Exercises 27-34

Use the accompanying graph of y = f(x) to sketch


the graph of the indicated equation.
53) y = f(x - 5) - 3

2
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2-2
-4

4 6

8 10 x

-6

10

-8
-10

Exercises 75-82
-10

-5

10

Two functions f and g are related by the given


equation. Use the numerical representation of f to
make a numerical representation of g.
56) g(x) = f(x - 1) + 3
x 3 4 5 6 7
f(x) 8 10 12 14 16

-5

-10

y
10

-10

-5

10

-5

-10

Exercises 35-44
Answer the question.
54) How can the graph of f(x) = - x + 4
be obtained from the graph of y = x?

3-7

Exercises 91-98
Solve the problem.
57) Suppose a cold front is passing
through the United States at noon with
a shape described by the function
1 2
x , where each unit represents
y=
20
100 miles. St. Louis, Missouri is located
at (0, 0), and the positive y-axis points
north.
N
10

-10

-5

10

-5

-10

S
Suppose the front moves south 340
miles and west 120 miles and
maintains its shape. Give the equation
for the new front and plot the new
position of the front.

3-8

Answer Key
Testname: 1710CH3R

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Neither
Quadratic; 3
Linear
23
Positive; (3, -2); x = 3
Negative; (3, 1); x = 3
y
10

-10

-5

10

-5

-10

8) (-4, -6)
9) (-3, 4)
10) f(x) = (x + 3)2 - 13; (-3, -13)
11) f(x) = -(x + 4)2 + 3
12) (-, 5]
13) [1, )
14) 14x + 8 + 7h
15) 750 ft
16) 500,000 ft 2
17) f(x) = -2(x + 1)2 + 5
18) f(x) = -1.40x2 + 27.15x - 14.44
19) 3, 5
20) 13
21) -2, 11
22) -6 2
23) -5 13
-4 6
24)
2
25) -2, 4
26) 8.531, 0.469
27) Two real solutions
28) One real solution
29) No real solutions
30) a > 0
3-9

Answer Key
Testname: 1710CH3R

31) a < 0
32) 2
33) No real solutions
34) 0, -9
35) Zero
36) Negative
37) Positive
38) 528 customers
39) 211,250 ft 2
40) 38.6 million tons
41) -4 < x < 3
42) 2 x 7
43) x < -5 or x > 1
-1 - 17
-1 + 17
44) x
or x
2
2
45) All real numbers
46) -6 < x < 6
47) 2 < t < 7 (seconds)
48) y = x2 - 3
49) y = (x - 1)2
50)
y
10

-10

-5

10

-5

-10

3-10

Answer Key
Testname: 1710CH3R

51)
y
10

-10

-5

10

10

-5

-10

52) y = (x - 6)2 + 2(x - 6) - 20


53)
y
10

-10

-5

5
-5

-10

54) Shift it horizontally 4 units to the left and reflect it across the x-axis.

3-11

Answer Key
Testname: 1710CH3R

55) x-axis: y = -x2 + 2x + 2


10
8

6
4
2
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2
-2
-4

8 10 x

8 10 x

-6
-8
-10

y-axis: y = x2 + 2x - 2
10

8
6
4
2
-10 -8 -6 -4 -2-2

-4
-6
-8
-10

x 4 5 6 7 8
g(x) 11 13 15 17 19
1
57) y =
(x + 1.2)2 - 3.4
20
56)

N
10

W
-10

-5

10

-5

-10

S
3-12