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- Boas MathematicalMethods Errata
- 1. Exercise Workshop
- ME2151 - Engineering Mechanics Unit1
- Exp. 1 Vector
- Intermediate First Year Mathematics Important Questions
- Chapter 2 Forces and Equilibrium
- Vectors 201Ldsdsfdfsdfs
- biomekanik.firh
- Lecture-5 (Kinematic Motion)
- Question Revision
- TRIAL ADDMATE SPM 2010 Pahang Paper 2 Answer
- 50 Vectors
- Test_2009
- Trigo Functions
- 2017_12_maths_sample_paper_05_qp.pdf
- 7
- CBSE Class XII Mathematics - Inverse Trigonometric Functions Assignment 2.pdf
- PHYS210A_HW4SOLN.pdf
- vGgOe61PwzRaI6yh57XQ
- Bloopers - Teacher

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FTUI

Force Vectors

FTUI

Problem 1

FR = 867 N

f = 108o

and its direction measured counter clockwise from the positive axis

FTUI

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EM 2008

-3

Graphical Representation of

a Vector A

Line of Action

Tail

20o

Head

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Operations by Scalars

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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Vector Addition

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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IMPORTANT POINTS

A scalar is a positive or negative number.

A vector is a quantity that has magnitude,

direction, and sense.

Multiplication or division of a vector by a

scalar will change the magnitude of the vector.

The sense of the vector will change if the scalar

is negative.

As a special case, if the vectors are collinear,

the resultant is formed by an algebraic or scalar

addition.

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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Vector Subtraction

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Resolution of a Vector

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FTUI

FTUI

Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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Problem 1

FR = 867 N

f = 108o

and its direction measured counter clockwise from the positive axis

FTUI

Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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FR

105

FR F1 F2 2F1F2 cos 75

2

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FR

75

FR F1 F2 2F1F2 cos 75

2

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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FR

75

FR F1 F2 2F1F2 cos 75

2

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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FR F1 F2 2F1F2 cos 75

2

FR 360000 640000 960000 cos 75

FR 1000000 960000 0.259

FR 9751533

FR 867N

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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FR

F2

F1

FR

F2

F1

800

sin

sin 75

867

sin ...

arcsin ...

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EM 2008

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Problem 2

and its direction measured counter clockwise from the positive axis

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FR12

FR123

2

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FR 995026 997.51

FR 998N

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FR

FR12

F1

F3

FR

FR12

867

sin

sin 93

998

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Procedure of Analysis

FTUI

Parallelogram Law

Make a sketch showing the vector addition

using the parallelogram law.

Two component forces add according to

the parallelogram law, yielding a resultant

force that forms the diagonal of the

parallelogram.

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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components along two axes directed from

the tail of the force, then start at the head

of force and construct lines parallel to the

axes, thereby forming the parallelogram.

The sides of the parallelogram represent

the components.

Label all the known and unknown force

magnitudes and the angles on sketch and

identify the two unknowns.

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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Trigonometry

Redraw a half portion of the parallelogram

to illustrate the triangular head-to-tail

addition of the components.

The magnitude of the resultant force can

be determined from the law of cosines,

and its direction is determined from the

law of sine.

The magnitude of two force components

are determined from the law of sine.

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Sine Law

A

B

C

Cosine Law

C A B 2 AB cos c

2

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Example 1

subjected to two forces, F1 and

F2. Determine the magnitude

and direction of the resultant

force.

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Example 2

pipe in the Figure, into

components in the (a) x and y

directions, and (b) x and y

directions.

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Example 3

Figure has a magnitude of 500 N and is to

be resolved into two components acting

along members AB and AC. Determine

the angle , measured below the

horizontal, so that the component FAC is

directed from A toward C and has a

magnitude of 400 N.

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Example 4

The ring shown in Figure is

subjected to two forces F1 and

F2. If it is required that the

resultant force have a magnitude

of 1 kN and be directed vertically

downward, determine:

(a) the magnitudes of F1 and F2

provided = 30o, and

(b) the magnitudes of F1 and F2 if F2

is to be a minimum.

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

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Forces

System

2D Problem

3D Problem

Co-Planar

Vectors

Scalar

Notation

Algebraic

Scalar

FTUI

Cartesian

Vectors

Cartesian

Vector

Notation

Cartesian

Unit

Vector

R a h m a t S a p t o n o - Department of Metallurgy and Materials

Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

- 48

Addition of a System of

Coplanar Forces

FTUI

Problem 2

F1y

F1x

and its direction measured counter clockwise from the positive axis

FTUI

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F1 F 1x F1 y

F2 F2 x F2 y

F3 F3 x F3 y

F

F

FTUI

F1x F2 x F3 x

F1 y F2 y F3 y

F1 F 1x i F1 y j

F2 F2 x i F2 y j

F3 F3 x i F3 y j

Fx F1x F2 x F3x i

Fy F1y F2 y F3 y j

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Scalar Notation

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FRx Fx

FRy Fy

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FR

FRy

FR

FTUI

FRx FRy

2

tan

FRx

FRy

FRx

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Cartesian Vectors

FTUI

Problem 3

F3 = 166 N

= o

= 63.7o

g = 27.5o

magnitude and direction as shown, determine the magnitude

and the coordinate direction angles of F3.

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Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

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Forces

System

2D Problem

3D Problem

Co-Planar

Vectors

Scalar

Notation

Algebraic

Scalar

FTUI

Cartesian

Vectors

Cartesian

Vector

Notation

Cartesian

Unit

Vector

R a h m a t S a p t o n o - Department of Metallurgy and Materials

Faculty of Engineering University of Indonesia

EM 2008

- 61

z

Cartesian

Unit

Vectors

Cartesian

Vectors

Right-handed

Coordinate

System

z

Rectangular

Az

Components

of a Vector

Ay

Ax

A Ax i Ay j Az k

Cartesian Vector

Representation

Unit

Vector

A Au A

y

of 1 and same direction as A.

uA 0

x

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Representation

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Magnitude

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Direction

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Direction

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Cartesian Vectors

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Position Vectors

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x, y, z coordinates

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Position Vector

r xi yj zk

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rA r rB

r rB - rA xB i yB j zBk xAi y A j z Ak

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Force Vector

Directed Along a Line

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Dot Product

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Problem 4

Proj. F

= 0.667 kN

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Dot Product

A B AB cos

A B Ax Bx Ay By Az Bz

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Laws of Operating

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Applications

The angle formed

between two vectors

or intersecting lines.

The component of a

vector parallel and

perpendicular to a

line.

FTUI

AB

cos

AB

0 180

1

A A cos A.u

A A cos u A.u u

A A A

2

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The Angle

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The Components

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from dot product of A and the unit vector u which

defines the direction of the line.

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Example 1

{300j} N. Determine the magnitude of the components of this

force parallel and perpendicular to member AB.

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Example 2

Determine the angle between F and the pipe segment BA, and the

magnitudes of the components of F, which are parallel and

perpendicular to BA.

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