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Designers guide

July 2001

Semiconductors for

CRT Displays

Monitors

CRT MONITOR DESIGNERS GUIDE JULY 2001


Contents
Section
1 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................................1-1
2

MONITOR CONCEPT .......................................................................................................................................2-1


2.1 ECO monitor .................................................................................................................................................2-2

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS.......................................................................................3-1


3.1 I2C Autosync deflection controllers .........................................................................................................3-2
3.2 Autosize IC for color monitors ...............................................................................................................3-10

DEFLECTION AND EHT...................................................................................................................................4-1


4.1 Vertical deflection boosters ........................................................................................................................4-2
4.2 Diodes for deflection, rectification, and EHT generation ....................................................................4-5
4.3 Power transistors for EHT ..........................................................................................................................4-5
4.4 Power transistors for horizontal deflection output stages ..................................................................4-6

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION.................................................................................................5-1


5.1 Sensor to compensate the earths magnetic field ..................................................................................5-2
5.2 Video pre-amplifiers......................................................................................................................................5-2

CONTROL.............................................................................................................................................................6-1
6.1 Non-volatile memories ................................................................................................................................6-2
6.2 USB interface..................................................................................................................................................6-3
6.3 LCD display drivers.......................................................................................................................................6-6
6.4 Other display drivers ....................................................................................................................................6-7

STEREO AUDIO...................................................................................................................................................7-1
7.1 Stereo audio output amplifiers ...................................................................................................................7-2
7.2 USB audio........................................................................................................................................................7-6

Monitors

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS) ..............................................................................................8-1


8.1 GreenChip & STARplug circuits........................................................................................................8-2
8.2 GreenChip circuits for monitor SMPS .................................................................................................8-2
8.3 STARplug circuits for monitor SMPS....................................................................................................8-2
8.4 Power MOSFETs for S-correction capacitor/mode switching ............................................................8-6
8.5 Rectifier diodes for SMPS ............................................................................................................................8-7
8.6 Schottky rectifier diodes..............................................................................................................................8-8

DISPLAY & PASSIVE COMPONENTS .............................................................................................................9-1


9.1 Display components......................................................................................................................................9-2
9.2 Flyback transformers ....................................................................................................................................9-2

Appendix
A1 Index of type numbers ........................................................................................................................................A-2

NOTE
Purchase of Philips I2C components conveys a license under the Philips I2C patent to use the components in
the I2C system, provided the system conforms to the I2C specifications defined by Philips. This specification
can be downloaded in PDF format at http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/i2c/facts

ii

Monitors

INTRODUCTION

Monitors

1-1

INTRODUCTION

CRT MONITOR DESIGNERS GUIDE JULY 2001


An obvious, but nonetheless, crucial performance criterion of
any monitor system is its ability to display the generated data or
images with high resolution and imperceptible phase jitter. For
the vast majority of applications, the cathode-ray tube remains
unequalled, and still provides the highest levels of such basic
image characteristics as resolution, brightness, and color fidelity,
and has the advantages of a simple, proven operating system and
a low overall price.

VIDEO OUTPUT
AMPLIFIERS
(5)

(9)

L-out
AUDIO
(7)
factory
test &
calibration

R-out

DDC

MICROCONTROLLER

control

OSD
(5)

EEPROM
(6)

int
USB
bus

eht

I2C-bus

H/V
sync

As well as providing a high-quality display, CRT monitors are


increasingly being required to operate at a variety of horizontal and
vertical frequencies. In the personal computer market especially,
the large number of semi-compatible or incompatible graphic cards
on the market means there is the need for low-cost multifrequency
and autosync designs. All this calls for a wealth of dedicated components ranging from very high-resolution monitor-tubes with
deflection units that can operate at high horizontal frequencies
to signal-processing ICs able to accommodate the almost infinitely
variable requirements for synchronization and scanning frequencies, and wideband video amplifiers and switching components
with specs meeting the stringent requirements of todays
monitor designs.
Since the available component ranges are wide, and component
selection is determined by the desired monitor performance,
lets first take a short look at the interrelationship of some basic
design parameters before introducing Philips latest systems and
circuit concepts.

VIDEO
PRE-AMP
(5)

RGB

USB HUB
(6)

MULTIPLE
DACs
(6)
LCD
DISPLAY
(6)

VERTICAL
DEFLECTION
(4)

HORIZONTAL
DEFLECTION
(4)

SYNC.
PROCESSOR
(3)

H/V

control

POWER SUPPLY
(8)
MSC174

Typical high-end monitor block diagram. The numbers in brackets


refer to the relevant sections of this guide.

GRAPHICS STANDARDS
The table below shows the Video Electronics Standards
Association (VESA) standards, guidelines, and proposals for the
most common display modes in use today. Guidelines
designations are typically used for lower resolutions or lower
refresh-rates which are used in lower-performance systems.

Commonly used display modes


Resolution
640 400
640 480

800 600

1024 768

1152 864
1280 1024
1600 1200

1-2

Refresh rate
(Hz)
70
85
60
72
75
85
56
60
72
75
85
43, interlaced
60
70
75
85
70
85
75
75
85
60
75
85

Horizontal frequency
(kHz)
31.5
37.8
31.5
37.9
37.5
43.3
35.1
37.9
48.1
46.9
53.7
35.5
48.4
56.5
60.0
68.7
63.85
77.1
60.0
80.0
91.1
75.0
93.75
106.3

Pixel frequency
(MHz)
25.175
31.500
25.175
31.500
31.500
36.000
36.000
40.000
50.000
49.500
56.300
44.900
65.000
75.000
78.750
94.500
94.500
121.500
78.750
135.000
157.500
162.000
202.500
229.500

Standard type
DOS setup mode
Industry standard
VESA standard
VESA standard
VESA guidelines
VESA guidelines
VESA standard
VESA standard
Industry standard
VESA guidelines
VESA standard
VESA standard
VESA proposal
VESA standard
VESA standard
VESA proposal
VESA proposal

Monitors

INTRODUCTION

25

video
bandwidth
pixels
per line

lines

15

2000

1600

10

75

20"

workstations
1600

1200

50

15"

17" + 19"

1280

personal
computers

1024

1152

864

1024

768

800

600

640

480

640

20

400

40

25

M
Hz
50

M
Hz

vertical
frequency
(refresh rate)

Hz
60

Hz
70

M
Hz

Hz
80

Hz
90

M
Hz

M
Hz

Hz

UXGA

M
Hz

SXGA

M
Hz
XGA (I, NI)

M
Hz
SVGA

VGA

Notes :

"CGA" & "EGA"


(emulated)

1.

All modes are non-interlaced


except (I): interlaced

2.

Video bandwidth (3 dB) = vertical


frequency x number of pixels

screen size
MBB240

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110 120 130

horizontal (line) frequency (kHz)

Besides the popular fixed-frequency graphics standards such as VGA, many applications today require
multifrequency and autosync operation, calling for increasingly advanced processing circuits.

Proposals are pending the approval procedures for future standardization. For reference, a number of Industry Standards are
also included, as they are defacto standards and widely used in
the computer industry.

for high-end 17" monitors. Furthermore, as they can display the


higher resolution mode of 1280 x 1024 pixels, they are suitable
for high-end CAD/CAM and DTP applications.

MONITOR EVOLUTION
The figure above shows a number of basic design parameters for
modern color monitors in the main market segments. On the
vertical axis are the horizontal and vertical resolutions of the
display system. As is well known, the resolutions together with
the vertical (refresh) frequency determine the horizontal (line)
frequency of the system shown on the horizontal axis. Several
PC graphics standards, as well as the overall video bandwidth
needed under different conditions, are also indicated.
While most PCs currently offer VGA format signals (640 x 480
pixels, 60 Hz refresh, 31.5 kHz horizontal frequency), their
video cards normally emulate the older standards of CGA
(320 x 200, 60 Hz, 15.75 kHz) and EGA (640 x 350, 60 Hz,
21.85 kHz). Modern modes display 800 x 600 pixels, non-interlaced, and have refresh frequencies from 60 to 85 Hz and above,
and corresponding line frequencies from 38 to 54 kHz.
Non-interlaced XGA (1024 x 768) versions have become very
popular in high-end PCs and PC workstations commonly using
15" and 17" picture tubes. Depending on the refresh rate, line
frequencies for these monitors have gone up to 64 kHz for 15"
monitors, 70 kHz for main-stream 17" monitors, and 90 kHz

Monitors

Single-frequency monitors
Single-frequency monitors are simple and straightforward. They
do not require a microprocessor, and brightness and/or contrast
are controlled with potentiometers. Today, single-frequency
monitors are only designed for low-cost surveillance applications
and other dedicated systems where the flexibility offered by the
multifrequency and autosync concepts is not needed because
there is only one video format (often proprietary). This
commonly occurs in workstations, where the monitor (although
usually separate) is a dedicated part that cannot be replaced by
off-the-shelf alternatives, or in personal computers where monitor
and computer are in one cabinet. Besides the popular
fixed-frequency graphics standards such as VGA, many applications
today require multifrequency and autosync operation, calling
for increasingly advanced processing circuits. But, the role of
single-frequency monitors isnt over! With the forthcoming
introduction of consumer Internet PCs, we may see a revival of
single-frequency monitors because of their inherently low-cost
potential. A concept with horizontal single-frequency and vertical
multisync could be one of the options.

1-3

INTRODUCTION

I2C bus-controlled Autosync monitors


The monitor market today is dominated by I2C bus-controlled
autosync monitors, which work with the vast majority of video
cards. Although VESA tries hard to limit and standardize pixel
rates and refresh frequencies, many video card manufacturers
still offer non-standard modes which must be dealt with by the
multisync capability of the monitor.
One example of such a state-of-the-art I2C bus-controlled
autosync monitor is Philips ECO monitor concept (see Section
2). Based around the TDA4856 deflection controller, this
advanced IC provides synchronization processing, horizontal
and vertical synchronization with full autosync capability, and
very short settling times after mode changes. All functions are
controllable by the I2C bus. Together with the I2C bus-driven
TDA4887 video processor and the TDA4863 vertical deflection
booster, a very advanced system solution is offered.

EXTENSIVE SUPPORT
Whatever your market segment, Philips can provide world-wide
design-in support through its many worldwide Systems
Laboratories with unequalled system and component knowhow. Evaluation boards, complete demonstration models, and
detailed literature are available to those wanting the best
component solutions for their next monitor systems. The
monitor concepts described on the following pages are just
a few of the many monitor examples available for customers to
evaluate the capability of our components.

Universal Serial Bus


The Universal Serial Bus (USB) provides a simple, expandable
Hot Plug-and-Play bus system for low and medium speed PC
peripherals. Philips offers a wide range of dedicated USB
devices, including interface ICs, audio ICs, and microcontroller
all of which comply with the current USB specification. The
ISPxxx and PDIUSBxxx family of USB interface ICs incorporate a
number of advanced features, including GoodLink,
which allows a quick visual check to see if peripherals are working
properly and SoftConnect, for an extra level of peripheral
control via the host connection. (GoodLink and SoftConnect
are Philips trademarks.) Our second generation UDA1321 and
UDA1325 USB digital audio ICs can be configured to support
various application topologies and HID class connectivity, with
configuration stored in ROM or external EEPROM.

1-4

Monitors

MONITOR CONCEPT

Monitors

2-1

MONITOR CONCEPT
2.1 ECO monitor
Full I2C bus-controlled autosync monitor

Features

Autosync
Extended geometry controls
Moir cancellation
I2C bus-driven controls

Specifications

Mains voltage range 90 to 265 VAC


Mains power nominal < 75 W

Mains power standby < 1.5 W


Horizontal frequency 30 to 70 kHz
Vertical frequency 50 to 150 Hz
Video maximum dot rate = 120 MHz
Video rise and fall times < 6 ns
Graphics mode 640 480 to 1280 1024 (70 Hz)
White color x, y < 0.01

ECO monitor
M41EHN323X160/
G341BA
TDA4887PS
VIDEO PRE
AMP.

RGB Video

RGB
OSD

I2C

DAF
FOCUS

OSD
GENERATOR

PCF8598
EEPROM

DDC

MICRO
CONTR.

H/V/C sync

THREE
BUTTON
KEYBOARD

2-2

VIDEO POST
AMP.

TDA4856
DEFLECTION
CONTR.
H/V
Hunlock

TEA1507
CE423V
Cu20d3
SMPS

EHT
AT2097/32B
HORIZONTAL
DEFLECTION
BU4523AW
BYM357X
CU15/50
AT4042/32A
EW OUTPUT
STAGE
BD677
TDA4863J
VERT.
BOOSTER

Rotation

DISCRETE
ROTATION

MSD655

Monitors

I2C AUTOSYNC
DEFLECTION
CONTROLLERS

Monitors

3-1

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS


3.1 I2C Autosync deflection controllers
TDA4853, TDA4854

Vertical section

Concept features

Full horizontal plus vertical autosync capability,


TV and VCR mode included
Extended horizontal frequency range from
15-30 kHz
Comprehensive set of I2C bus-driven geometry
adjustments and functions, including standby mode
Very good vertical linearity
Moire cancellation
Start-up and switch-off sequence for safe operation
of all power components
X-ray protection
Flexible switched-mode B+ supply function block
for feed-back and feed-forward converter
Internally stabilized voltage reference
Drive signal for focus amplifiers with combined
horizontal and vertical parabola waveforms
(TDA4854)
DC controllable inputs for Extremely High
Tension (EHT) compensation
SDIP32 package

Synchronization

Handles all sync signals (horizontal, vertical,


composite, and sync-on-video)
Output for video clamping (leading/trailing edge
selectable by I2C bus), vertical blanking, and
protection blanking
Output for fast unlock status of horizontal
synchronization and blanking on grid 1 of
picture tube

I2C bus-controllable vertical picture size,


picture position, linearity (S-correction), and
linearity balance
Output for I2C bus-controllable vertical
sawtooth and parabola (for pin-unbalance
and parallelogram)
Vertical picture size independent of frequency
Differential current outputs for DC coupling to
vertical booster
50-160 Hz vertical autosync range

East-West (EW) section

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal


pincushion, horizontal size, corner and
trapezium correction
Optional tracking of EW drive waveform with line
frequency selectable by I2C bus

Focus section of TDA4854

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal and


vertical parabolas
Vertical parabola independent of frequency
and tracks with vertical adjustments
Horizontal parabola independent of frequency
Adjustable pre-correction of delay in focus
output stage

Horizontal section

I2C bus-controllable wide-range linear picture


position, pin-unbalance, and parallelogram
correction via horizontal phase
Frequency-locked loop for smooth catching of
horizontal frequency
TV mode at 15.625 or 15.750 kHz selectable by
I2C bus
Simple frequency preset of fmin and fmax by
external resistors
Low jitter
Soft start for horizontal and B+ control-drive signals

3-2

Monitors

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS

TDA4853

EHT compensation
via vertical size
22
k
(1%)

VSYNC

14

(TTL level)

CLBL

clamping
blanking

16

VERTICAL
SYNC INPUT
AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

100
nF
(5%)

150
nF

1.2 V

VREF

VCAP

VAGC

VSMOD

HSMOD

EWDRV

23

24

22

21

31

11

EHT COMPENSATION

VERTICAL
OSCILLATOR
AND AGC

VERTICAL
SYNC
INTEGRATOR

VIDEO CLAMPING
AND
VERTICAL BLANK

7V

EHT compensation
via horizontal size

HORIZONTAL SIZE
AND
VERTICAL SIZE

EW-OUTPUT

12

VERTICAL OUTPUT

HORIZONTAL PINCUSHION
HORIZONTAL CORNER
HORIZONTAL TRAPEZIUM
HORIZONTAL SIZE

13

VERTICAL LINEARITY
BALANCE

17

VOUT1

VERTICAL POSITION
VERTICAL SIZE, VOVSCN
or
OUTPUT
ASYMMETRIC
EW-CORRECTION

HUNLOCK

VOUT2

VERTICAL LINEARITY

HUNLOCK
OUTPUT

20 ASCOR

PROTECTION
AND SOFT START

TDA4853
19

SDA

18

SCL

I2C BUS
RECEIVER

X-RAY

I2C BUS REGISTERS


6 BDRV

VCC

10

9.2 to 16 V

PGND 7
SGND 25

HSYNC

15

(TTL level)

4 BSENS

SUPPLY
AND
REFERENCE

COINCIDENCE DETECTOR
FREQUENCY DETECTOR
TV MODE

H/C SYNC INPUT


AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

PLL1 AND
HORIZONTAL
POSITION

(video)

3.3 k

X-RAY
PROTECTION

27

28

29

30

HPLL1

HBUF

HREF

HCAP

HPLL2

RHBUF

10 nF
(2%)

(1)

HFLB

XSEL

XRAY

32
MGM101

i.c.

EHT compensation
via vertical size
22
k
(1%)

14

VERTICAL
SYNC INPUT
AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

8 HDRV

(1%)

TDA4854

VSYNC

HORIZONTAL
OUTPUT
STAGE

RHREF

100 nF

(TTL level)

8.2 nF

(2)
B+ CONTROL
APPLICATION

3 BOP
5 BIN

PLL2, PARALLELOGRAM,
PIN UNBALANCE AND
SOFT START

HORIZONTAL
OSCILLATOR

26

8.2
nF

B+
CONTROL

100
nF
(5%)

7V

EHT compensation
via horizontal size

150
nF

1.2 V

VREF

VCAP

VAGC

VSMOD

HSMOD

EWDRV

23

24

22

21

31

11

EHT COMPENSATION

VERTICAL
OSCILLATOR
AND AGC

VERTICAL
SYNC
INTEGRATOR

HORIZONTAL SIZE
AND
VERTICAL SIZE

EW-OUTPUT

12

VERTICAL OUTPUT

HORIZONTAL PINCUSHION
HORIZONTAL CORNER
HORIZONTAL TRAPEZIUM

VOUT2

VERTICAL LINEARITY
VERTICAL LINEARITY
BALANCE

13

VOUT1

HORIZONTAL SIZE

clamping
blanking

CLBL

16

17

HUNLOCK

VIDEO CLAMPING
AND
VERTICAL BLANK

VERTICAL POSITION
VERTICAL SIZE, VOVSCN
or

HUNLOCK
OUTPUT

18

SCL

20 ASCOR

FOCUS
HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL

32 FOCUS

PROTECTION
AND SOFT START

TDA4854
19

SDA

OUTPUT
ASYMMETRIC
EW-CORRECTION

I2C BUS
RECEIVER

X-RAY

I2C BUS REGISTERS


6 BDRV

VCC

10

9.2 to 16 V

PGND

SGND

25

HSYNC

15

(TTL level)

4 BSENS

SUPPLY
AND
REFERENCE

COINCIDENCE DETECTOR
FREQUENCY DETECTOR
TV MODE

H/C SYNC INPUT


AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

PLL1 AND
HORIZONTAL
POSITION

(video)

3.3 k
100 nF

Monitors

X-RAY
PROTECTION

HORIZONTAL
OSCILLATOR

27

28

29

30

HPLL1

HBUF

HREF

HCAP

HPLL2

RHBUF

(1)

10 nF
(2%)

8.2 nF

3 BOP

(2)
B+ CONTROL
APPLICATION

5 BIN

HORIZONTAL
OUTPUT
STAGE

PLL2, PARALLELOGRAM,
PIN UNBALANCE AND
SOFT START

26

8.2
nF

B+
CONTROL

HFLB

XSEL

XRAY

8 HDRV

MGM065

RHREF
(1%)

3-3

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS


TDA4856

Vertical section

Concept features

Full horizontal plus vertical autosync capability


Extended horizontal frequency range from
15-130 kHz
Comprehensive set of I2C bus-driven geometry
adjustments and functions, including standby mode
Very good vertical linearity
Moire cancellation
Start-up and switch-off sequence for safe operation
of all power components
X-ray protection
Power dip recognition
Flexible switched-mode B+ supply function block
for feed-back and feed-forward converter
Internally stabilized voltage reference
Drive signal for focus amplifiers with combined
horizontal and vertical parabola waveforms
DC controllable inputs for Extremely High
Tension (EHT) compensation
SDIP32 package

East-West (EW) section

Can handle all sync signals (horizontal, vertical,


composite, and sync-on-video)
Output for video clamping (leading/trailing edge
selectable by the I2C bus), vertical blanking, and
protection blanking
Output for fast unlock status of horizontal
synchronization and blanking on grid 1 of
picture tube

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal


pincushion, horizontal size, corner and
trapezium correction
Optional tracking of EW drive waveform with
line frequency selectable by the I2C bus

Focus section

Synchronization

I2C bus-controllable vertical picture size,


picture position, linearity (S-correction), and
linearity balance
Output for the I2C bus-controllable vertical
sawtooth and parabola (for pin-unbalance and
parallelogram)
Vertical picture size independent of frequency
Differential current outputs for DC coupling to
vertical booster
50-160 Hz vertical autosync range

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal and


vertical parabolas
Vertical parabola independent of frequency
and tracks with vertical adjustments
Horizontal parabola independent of frequency
Adjustable pre-correction of delay in focus
output stage

Horizontal section

I2C bus-controllable wide-range linear picture


position, pin-unbalance, and parallelogram
correction via horizontal phase
Frequency-locked loop for smooth catching of
horizontal frequency
Simple frequency preset of fmin and fmax
by external resistors
Low jitter
Soft start for horizontal and B+ control-drive signals

3-4

Monitors

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS

TDA4856

EHT compensation
via vertical size
22
k
(1%)

VSYNC

14

(TTL level)

CLBL

clamping
blanking

HUNLOCK

16

17

VERTICAL
SYNC INPUT
AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

100
nF
(5%)

EHT compensation
via horizontal size

150
nF

VREF

VCAP

VAGC

VSMOD

HSMOD

EWDRV

23

24

22

21

31

11

VERTICAL
OSCILLATOR
AND AGC

VERTICAL
SYNC
INTEGRATOR

EHT COMPENSATION
HORIZONTAL AND
VERTICAL SIZE

EW OUTPUT

VERTICAL OUTPUT

HORIZONTAL PINCUSHION
HORIZONTAL CORNER
HORIZONTAL TRAPEZIUM
HORIZONTAL SIZE

VERTICAL LINEARITY
BALANCE

19

SCL

18

VCC

10

PGND

SGND

25

HSYNC

15

VOUT2
VOUT1

VERTICAL POSITION
VERTICAL SIZE AND
VERTICAL OVERSCAN

VIDEO CLAMPING
AND
VERTICAL BLANK

HUNLOCK
OUTPUT

ASYMMETRIC
EW-CORRECTION
OUTPUT

20 ASCOR

FOCUS
HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL

32 FOCUS

or

PROTECTION
AND SOFT START

TDA4856
SDA

12
13

VERTICAL LINEARITY

I2C BUS
RECEIVER

I2C BUS REGISTERS


6 BDRV

9.2 to 16 V

(TTL level)

4 BSENS

SUPPLY
AND
REFERENCE

H/C SYNC INPUT


AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

PLL1 AND
HORIZONTAL
POSITION

(video)

3.3 k
100 nF

Monitors

B+
CONTROL

X-RAY
PROTECTION

COINCIDENCE DETECTOR
FREQUENCY DETECTOR

HORIZONTAL
OSCILLATOR

PLL2, PARALLELOGRAM,
PIN UNBALANCE AND
SOFT START

HORIZONTAL
OUTPUT

27

28

29

30

HPLL1

HBUF

HREF

HCAP

HPLL2

HFLB

XSEL

XRAY

8.2
nF

RHBUF

(1)

(2)
B+ CONTROL
APPLICATION

5 BIN

26

10 nF
(2%)

3 BOP

8 HDRV

MGS272

12 nF

RHREF
(1%)

3-5

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS


TDA4857PS

Horizontal section

Concept features

Full horizontal plus vertical autosync capability


Extended horizontal frequency range from
15-130 kHz
Comprehensive set of I2C bus-driven geometry
adjustments and functions, including standby mode
Very good vertical linearity
Moire cancellation
Start-up and switch-off sequence for safe operation
of all power components
X-ray protection
Flexible switched-mode B+ supply function block
for feed-back and feed-forward converter
Internally stabilized voltage reference
Drive signal for focus amplifier with vertical
parabola waveforms
DC controllable inputs for Extremely High
Tension (EHT) compensation
SDIP32 package

Synchronization

Can handle all sync signals (horizontal, vertical,


composite, and sync-on-video)
Output for video clamping (leading/trailing edge
selectable by I2C bus), vertical blanking, and
protection blanking
Output for fast unlock status of horizontal
synchronization and blanking on grid 1
of picture tube

3-6

I2C bus-controllable wide-range linear picture


position, pin-unbalance, and parallelogram
correction via horizontal phase
Frequency-locked loop for smooth catching
of horizontal frequency
Simple frequency preset of fmin and fmax
by external resistors
Low jitter
Soft start for horizontal and B+ control drive signals

Vertical section

I2C bus-controllable vertical picture size, picture


position, linearity (S-correction), and
linearity balance
Output for I2C bus-controllable vertical sawtooth
and parabola (for pin-unbalance and parallelogram)
Vertical picture size independent of frequency
Differential current outputs for DC coupling to
vertical booster
50-160 Hz vertical autosync range

East-West (EW) section

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal


pincushion, horizontal size, corner and
trapezium correction
Optional tracking of EW drive waveform with
line frequency selectable by I2C bus

Focus section

I2C bus-controllable output for vertical parabola


Vertical parabola independent of frequency and
tracks with vertical adjustments

Monitors

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS

TDA4857PS

VSYNC

14

(TTL level)

CLBL

clamping
blanking

16

17

HUNLOCK

VERTICAL
SYNC INPUT
AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

EHT compensation
via vertical size
100
nF
(5%)

150
nF

VREF

VCAP

VAGC

VSMOD

HSMOD

EWDRV

23

24

22

21

31

11

1.2 V

EHT COMPENSATION

VERTICAL
OSCILLATOR
AND AGC

VERTICAL
SYNC
INTEGRATOR

VIDEO CLAMPING
AND
VERTICAL BLANK

7V

EHT compensation
via horizontal size

22
k
(1%)

HORIZONTAL SIZE
AND
VERTICAL SIZE

EW-OUTPUT

VERTICAL OUTPUT

HORIZONTAL PINCUSHION
HORIZONTAL CORNER
HORIZONTAL TRAPEZIUM
HORIZONTAL SIZE

VERTICAL LINEARITY
BALANCE

18

SCL

13

VOUT2
VOUT1

VERTICAL POSITION
VERTICAL SIZE, VOVSCN

HUNLOCK
OUTPUT

OUTPUT
ASYMMETRIC
EW-CORRECTION

20 ASCOR

VERTICAL
FOCUS

32 FOCUS

or

PROTECTION
AND SOFT START

TDA4857PS
19

SDA

12

VERTICAL LINEARITY

I2C BUS
RECEIVER

X-RAY

I2C BUS REGISTERS


6 BDRV

VCC

10

9.2 to 16 V

PGND

SGND

25

HSYNC

15

(TTL level)

4 BSENS

SUPPLY
AND
REFERENCE

H/C SYNC INPUT


AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

PLL1 AND
HORIZONTAL
POSITION

(video)

3.3 k
100 nF

Monitors

HORIZONTAL
OSCILLATOR

27

28

29

30

HPLL1

HBUF

HREF

HCAP

HPLL2

8.2
nF

(1)

10 nF
(2%)

8.2 nF

3 BOP

(2)
B+ CONTROL
APPLICATION

5 BIN

HORIZONTAL
OUTPUT
STAGE

PLL2, PARALLELOGRAM,
PIN UNBALANCE AND
SOFT START

26

RHBUF

B+
CONTROL

X-RAY
PROTECTION

COINCIDENCE DETECTOR
FREQUENCY DETECTOR

HFLB

XSEL

XRAY

8 HDRV

MHB658

RHREF
(1%)

3-7

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS


TDA4841PS

Vertical section
I2C bus-controllable vertical picture size,
picture position, linearity (S-correction), and
linearity balance
Output for I2C bus-controllable vertical sawtooth
and parabola (for pin-unbalance andparallelogram)
Vertical picture size independent of frequency
Differential current outputs for DC coupling to
vertical booster
50-160 Hz vertical autosync range

Concept features

Full horizontal plus vertical autosync capability


Extended horizontal frequency range from
15-130 kHz
Comprehensive set of I2C bus-driven geometry
adjustments and functions, including standby mode
Very good vertical linearity
Moire cancellation
Start-up and switch-off sequence for safe operation
of all power components
X-ray protection
Power-dip recognition
Flexible switched-mode B+ supply function block
for feed-back and feed-forward converter
Internally stabilized voltage reference
Drive signal for focus amplifiers with combined
horizontal and vertical parabola waveforms
DC controllable inputs for Extremely High
Tension (EHT) compensation
SDIP32 package

Synchronization

Can handle all sync signals (horizontal, vertical,


composite, and sync-on-video)
Output for video clamping (leading/trailing edge
selectable by I2C bus), vertical blanking, and
protection blanking
Output for fast unlock status of horizontal
synchronization and blanking on grid 1
of picture tube

East-West (EW) section

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal


pincushion, horizontal size, corner and
trapezium correction
Optional tracking of EW drive waveform with line
frequency selectable by I2C bus

Focus section

I2C bus-controllable output for horizontal and


vertical parabolas
Vertical parabola independent of frequency and
tracks with vertical adjustments
Horizontal parabola independent of frequency
Adjustable pre-correction of delay in focus
output stage

Horizontal section

I2C bus-controllable wide-range linear picture


position, pin-unbalance, and parallelogram
correction via horizontal phase
Frequency-locked loop for smooth catching of
horizontal frequency
Simple frequency preset of fmin and fmax
by external resistors
Low jitter
Soft start for horizontal and B+ control-drive signals

3-8

Monitors

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS

TDA4841PS

EHT compensation
via vertical size
22
k
(1%)

VSYNC

14

(TTL level)

clamping
blanking

CLBL

16

17

HUNLOCK

VERTICAL
SYNC INPUT
AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

100
nF
(5%)

150
nF

1.2 V

VREF

VCAP

VAGC

VSMOD

HSMOD

EWDRV

23

24

22

21

31

11

EHT COMPENSATION

VERTICAL
OSCILLATOR
AND AGC

VERTICAL
SYNC
INTEGRATOR

VIDEO CLAMPING
AND
VERTICAL BLANK

7V

EHT compensation
via horizontal size

HORIZONTAL SIZE
AND
VERTICAL SIZE

EW-OUTPUT

18

SCL

VOUT2

VERTICAL LINEARITY
VERTICAL LINEARITY
BALANCE

13

VOUT1

VERTICAL POSITION
VERTICAL SIZE, VOVSCN

HUNLOCK
OUTPUT

OUTPUT
ASYMMETRIC
EW-CORRECTION

20 ASCOR

FOCUS
HORIZONTAL
AND VERTICAL

32 FOCUS

or

PROTECTION
AND SOFT START

TDA4841PS
19

SDA

12

VERTICAL OUTPUT

HORIZONTAL PINCUSHION
HORIZONTAL CORNER
HORIZONTAL TRAPEZIUM
HORIZONTAL SIZE

I2C-BUS
RECEIVER

X-RAY

I2C-BUS REGISTERS
6 BDRV

VCC

10

9.2 to 16 V

PGND 7
SGND 25

HSYNC
(TTL level)

15

4 BSENS

SUPPLY
AND
REFERENCE

COINCIDENCE DETECTOR
FREQUENCY DETECTOR

H/C SYNC INPUT


AND POLARITY
CORRECTION

PLL1 AND
HORIZONTAL
POSITION

(video)

3.3 k
100 nF

Monitors

X-RAY
PROTECTION

HORIZONTAL
OSCILLATOR

27

28

29

30

HPLL1

HBUF

HREF

HCAP

HPLL2

8.2
nF

(1)

10 nF
(2%)

12 nF

3 BOP

(2)
B+ CONTROL
APPLICATION

5 BIN

HORIZONTAL
OUTPUT
STAGE

PLL2, PARALLELOGRAM,
PIN UNBALANCE AND
SOFT START

26

RHBUF

B+
CONTROL

HFLB

XSEL

XRAY

8 HDRV

MHB603

RHREF
(1%)

3-9

I2C AUTOSYNC DEFLECTION CONTROLLERS


3.2 Autosize IC for color monitors
TDA4821P

Concept features

Measures six horizontal and four vertical timing


parameters:
- Horizontal: sync width, sync period, video start,
video end, horizontal flyback pulse start, and
end
- Vertical: sync width, sync period, first line of
video active, and last line of video active
Detection of H-sync and V-sync polarity
I2C bus-interface (maximum clock frequency
400 kHz) for read-out of data and write data of the
internal clock multiplier using double byte
(16-bit format)
Flexible digital-clock input with built-in and (via
I2C bus) adjustable clock multiplier; internal clock
is 48 MHz (typical value)

Horizontal measurements are expressed in


number of clock pulses; precision is approximately
20 ns at 48 MHz and can be improved if external
averaging methods are used
Vertical measurements are expressed in number
of lines
Internal buffer keep I2C bus-registers stable
between the V-sync pulses, allowing for
asynchronous read-out
DIP20 package

The TDA4821P performs the autosize feature for color


monitors. The IC measures the timing of active H/V video, with
respect to the H-sync, V-sync, and horizontal flyback pulses, in
order to allow the microcontroller to adjust the display settings
automatically, particularly in parameters HSIZE, VSIZE,
HPOS, and VPOS.

TDA4821P
R, G, B
video
inputs

VIN1 1
20 LEV
VIDEO COMPARATORS

19 VIN3

VIN2 2
18 T1

+3.3 V

video
clamping
pulse

17 CLP

VDD(PLL) 3
CLOCK PLL

TDA4821P

CLK 4

16 VSS(core)
15 VDD(core)

VSS(I/O) 5

+3.3 V

14 T2

+3.3 V

Hfbstrt

Hfbstop

HlstVid

HfstVid

Hperiod

VERTICAL
MEASUREMENT

HsWidth

VERTICAL
POLARITY
DETECTION

VlstVid

VS 8

HORIZONTAL
MEASUREMENT

VfstVid

HORIZONTAL
POLARITY
DETECTION

Vperiod

HS 7

Syncpol

Wrdat

POWER-ON
RESET

Wren

I2C-BUS REGISTERS
POR 9

Rddat

vertical
sync
pulse

TEST MODES

DIGITAL CORE

Subaddr

horizontal
sync
pulse

VDD(I/O) 6

VsWidth

+3.3 V

13 SDA
HFB 10
horizontal
flyback
pulse

I2C BUS
INTERFACE

12 SCL

11 TC
MHB651

3-10

Monitors

DEFLECTION
AND EHT

Monitors

4-1

DEFLECTION AND EHT


4.1 Vertical deflection boosters
TDA4863J, TDA4863AJ
Concept features

Power amplifier with differential inputs


Output current up to 3 A (p-p)
High vertical-deflection frequency up to 200 Hz
High linear sawtooth signal amplification
Flyback generator:
TDA4863J: separate adjustable flyback supply
voltage up to 60 V
TDA4863AJ: internally doubled supply voltage
(two supply voltages only for DC-coupled
outputs)

TDA4863J
THERMAL
PROTECTION

DIFFERENTIAL
INPUT
STAGE

TDA4863J

VERTICAL
OUTPUT

FLYBACK
GENERATOR

REFERENCE
CIRCUIT

INP

INN

VOUT

GND

VP2

VFB

RS1 CS1
C1

RP
R3

VP1

D1
C4

C2

deflection
coil
R4

from TDA485X

R1

R2

VP

VF

VN

MHB714

TDA4863AJ
THERMAL
PROTECTION

DIFFERENTIAL
INPUT
STAGE

TDA4863AJ

FLYBACK
GENERATOR

VERTICAL
OUTPUT

REFERENCE
CIRCUIT

INP

INN

VOUT

GND

VP2

VP3

VP1

CF

RS1 CS1

D1
RP
R3

deflection
coil
C1

R6

from TDA485X
R2

R1
VN

4-2

C2

R5

VP

MHB715

Monitors

DEFLECTION AND EHT


TDA4866J
Concept features

Fully integrated, few external components


No additional components in combination with the
deflection controller TDA485x, TDA4841PS
Pre-amplifier with differential high CMRR currentmode inputs
Low offsets
High linear sawtooth signal amplification
High efficient DC-coupled vertical output
bridge circuit
Powerless vertical shift
High deflection frequency up to 160 Hz
Power supply and flyback supply voltage
independent, adjustable to optimize power
consumption and flyback time
Excellent transition behavior during flyback
Guard circuit for screen protection

TDA4866J

GUARD
output

VP

GND

VFB

TDA4866
GUARD
CIRCUIT

FLYBACK
GENERATOR

Idefl

OUTA

AMPLIFIER A
INA

CSP

RSP
INPUT STAGE
INB
from e.g.
TDA485x,
TDA4841PS

PROTECTION

FEEDB
Rref

2
AMPLIFIER B

vertical
deflection
coil

Rp

OUTB

Rm

MED750

Monitors

4-3

DEFLECTION AND EHT


TDA4867J
Concept features

Fully integrated, few external components


No additional components in combination with
the deflection controller family TDA485x
Pre-amplifier with differential-high CMRR
current- mode inputs
Low offsets
High linear sawtooth signal amplification
High efficient DC-coupled vertical output
bridge circuit
Powerless vertical shift
High deflection frequency up to 200 Hz
Power supply and flyback supply voltage
independent, adjustable to optimize power
consumption and flyback time
Excellent transition behavior during flyback
Guard circuit for screen protection
Power save mode

TDA4867J

VP

GND

VFB

GUARD output/
power save mode

TDA4867J

8
GUARD
CIRCUIT

INP

FLYBACK
GENERATOR

AMPLIFIER A

Idefl

6 OUTA

vertical
deflection
coil

Rp
INPUT
STAGE

9 FEEDB

PROTECTION

Rref
INN
from e.g.
TDA485x

2
AMPLIFIER B

Rm

4 OUTB

MSD691

4-4

Monitors

DEFLECTION AND EHT


4.2 Diodes for deflection, rectification, and EHT generation
Type number

VRRM

IF(AV)

max (V)
max (A)
Fast soft-recovery controlled avalanche rectifiers
BYD33 series
200-1400
1.3
BYV95 series
200-600
1.5
BYV96E
1000
1.5
BYW95 series
200-600
3
BYW96 series
800-1000
3
Ultra fast low-loss controlled avalanche rectifiers
BYD73 series
50-400
1.7
BYV27 series
50-600
2.0
BYV28 series
50-600
3.5
High-voltage soft-recovery rectifiers
BY8000 series
5-19 kV
20-3 mA
BY8100 series
5-19 kV
20-3 mA
BY8200 series
6-12 kV
10-5 mA
BY8400 series
5-30 kV
20-3 mA
BY8500 series
5-30 kV
20-3 mA
Damper diodes
IFWM typ
BY328
1500
4
BY329X series
800-1200
6
BY329X-1500(S)
1500
6
BY359X-1500(S)
1500
8
BY428
1500
4
BY459X-1500(S)
1500
10
Dual diode - Damper/Modulator
IFSM
BYM357X/DX
1500/600
60-70
BYM358X/DX
1500/600
60-70
BYM359X
1500/600
60-70
Modulation diode
IFWM typ
BY229X series
200-800
6

trr

VF max

max (ns)

IF

Package

(V)

(A)

(A)

250/300/500
250
300
250
300

1.3
1.6
1.6
1.5
1

1
3
3
5
5.5

SOD81
SOD57
SOD57
SOD64
SOD64

25/50
25/50
25/50

0.98/1.05
0.98/1.05/1.25
1.02/1.05/1.25

1
2
3.5

SOD81
SOD57
SOD64

100
60
<45
100
60

20-63
26-94
19-38
20-98
23-129

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

SOD61
SOD61
SOD107
SOD61
SOD61

500
135
135
600
250
350
QS (C/nC)
1.2/70
0.9/70
2/700

1.45
1.85
1.85
1.5
1.95
1.3

5
20
20
10
4
6.5

SOD64
TO220
SOD113
TO220 (SOT186A)
SOD64
TO220 (SOT186)

135

1.85

SOT186A/SOT399
SOT186A/SOT399
SOT186A/SOT399
20

TO220(SOT186)

4.3 Power transistors for EHT


Type
number
BUT11A(F/X)
BUT18A(F)
BUT12A(F)

Monitors

IC

VCESM

(A)
5
6
8

(V)
1000
1000
1000

Package
TO220 (SOT186/SOT186A)
TO220 (SOT186)
TO220 (SOT186)

4-5

DEFLECTION AND EHT


4.4 Power transistors for horizontal deflection output stages
Type number

without integrated damper diode


BU4506AZ/AF/AX
BU4507AX
BU1508AX
BU2508AF/AX
BU4508AF/AX
BU2515AX
BU4515AF/AX
BU2520AF/AX
BU2522AF/AX
BU4522AF/AX
BU2523AF/AX
BU4523AX
BU2527AF/AX
BU2525AF/AX/AW
BU4525AX
BU2532AW
BU2530AW
BU4530AW
BU2708AF
with integrated damper diode
BU4506DZ/DF/DX
BU4507DX
BU1508DX
BU2508DF/DX
BU4508DZ/DF/DX
BU2515DX
BU2520DF/DX/DW
BU2527DX
BU2720DX
BU2725DX

4-6

VCESM

Ic DC

Icsat

tf MAX

(V)

(A)

(A)

s)
(

Package

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1700

5
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
10
10
11
11
12
12
12
16
16
16
8

3
4
4.5
4.5
5
4.5
6
6
6
7
5.5
8
6
8
9
7
9
10
4

0.45
0.45
0.6
0.6
0.48
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.25
0.4
0.3
0.4
0.2
0.35
0.55
0.1
0.25
0.4
0.52

SOT186A/SOT199/SOT399
SOT399
SOT186A
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT399
SOT199/SOT399
SOT199/SOT399/SOT429
SOT399
SOT429
SOT429
SOT429
SOT199/SOT399

1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1500
1700
1700

5
8
8
8
8
9
10
12
10
12

3
4
4.5
4.5
5
4.5
6
6
5.5
7

0.4
0.4
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.5
0.2
0.9
0.8

SOT186A/SOT199/SOT399
SOT399
SOT186A
SOT199/SOT399
SOT186A/SOT199/SOT399
SOT399
SOT199/SOT399/SOT429
SOT399
SOT399
SOT399

Monitors

VIDEO CONTROL
AND AMPLIFICATION

Monitors

5-1

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION


5.1 Sensor to compensate for the earths magnetic field
Type number

KMZ51

Package

SO8

Supply

Sensitivity

Field range

Bridge

Operating

voltage

mV/V

kA

resistance

temperature

(V)
5-8

KA/m
12-16

m
-0.2-0.2

(kOhm)
1.0-2.6

(C)
-40-125

5.2 Video pre-amplifiers


Type number
Bandwidth (MHz)
Adjustment of:
gain

contrast
brightness
black level
Grey scale tracking
Gain control range (dB)
Output voltage (V typ.)
Output current (mA typ.)
Blanking and switch-off input
Black level clamping input
Gain modulation
Beam-current limitation
Output stages
Package

5-2

TDA4885
150

TDA4886(A)
160 (165)

TDA4887PS
160

TDA4889PS
250

3-channel,
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
yes
7-0
2.8
20
blanking only
yes
yes
yes
universal
SDIP32

3-channel,
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
yes
7-0
2.8
20
blanking only
yes
yes
yes
universal
SDIP24

3-channel,
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
yes
13.5-0
4.6
20
blanking only
yes
yes
yes
universal
SDIP24

3-channel,
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
I2C bus
yes
19 to 0
4.7
30
blanking only
yes
yes
yes
universal
SDIP32

Monitors

Monitors

VI3

VI2

VI1

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING
CLIPPING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING
CLIPPING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING
CLIPPING

10

17

LIM

fast blanking

1
FBL

CONTRAST

CONTRAST

CONTRAST

LIMITING

6-BIT
DAC

OSD1 OSD2 OSD3

OSD
CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

OSD INPUT

FPOL
DISV

OSD
CONTRAST

DISO
PEDST

REGISTER

16

SCL

I2C BUS

15

SDA

GAIN

GAIN

6-BIT
DAC

CLI

INPUT CLAMPING
VERTICAL BLANKING

input clamping

blanking

BRIGHTNESS

signal path 3

BRIGHTNESS

signal path 2

GAIN

6-BIT
DAC

BRIGHTNESS

signal path 1

BLANKING

TDA4885

DISO

4-BIT
DAC

6-BIT
DAC

data

DISV

6-BIT
DAC

13

14

8-BIT
DAC

HFB

11

BLANKING
OUTPUT CLAMPING

PEDST

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDST

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDST

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

POLARITY
SWITCH

FPOL

MODULATION

12

GM1 GM2 GM3

8-BIT
DAC

8-BIT
DAC

9
GND

7
VP

SUPPLY

MSC342

21

18

20

19

26

23

25

24

31

28

30

29

32

27
CHANNEL 2
REFERENCE
CHANNEL 1
REFERENCE

22

CHANNEL 3
REFERENCE

FB3

GND3

VO3

VP3

FB2

GND2

VO2

VP2

FB1

GND1

VO1

VP1

REF1

REF2

REF3

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION

TDA4885

5-3

5-4

VD

VD

TDA4886
2

OSD INPUT

6-BIT
DAC

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

SUBCONTRAST
CONTRAST MODULATION
LIMITING

I2C BUS

FBL
OSD2
OSD1 OSD3

fast
blanking
input
clamping

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

PEDST
DISO
DISV
FPOL
BLH1
BLH2

vertical
blanking

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

CLI

6
6-BIT
DAC

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS
BLANKING

6-BIT
DAC

INPUT CLAMPING
VERTICAL BLANKING

4-BIT
DAC

output
clamping

HFB

11

BLANKING
OUTPUT CLAMPING

blanking

PEDST

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDST

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDST

6
6-BIT
DAC

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

6-BIT
DAC

VD

LIM

REGISTER

SDA SCL

DISV

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

8-BIT
DAC

8-BIT
DAC

8-BIT
DAC

BLH1

BLH2

VP

9
GND

SUPPLY

CHANNEL 3 FPOL
REFERENCE

CHANNEL 2 FPOL
REFERENCE

CHANNEL 1 FPOL
REFERENCE

MSC672

GNDX

F/R3

VO3

F/R2
VP3

VO2

F/R1
VP2

VO1

VP1

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION

TDA4886

Monitors

Monitors

VI3

VI2

VI1

LIM

10

24

DISO

input
clamping

4-BIT
DAC

8-BIT
DAC

CLI

GAIN

8-BIT
DAC

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

blanking
INPUT CLAMPING
VERTICAL BLANKING

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

BRI

BRIGHTNESS
SWITCH

8-BIT
DAC

BRIGHTNESS
BLANKING

SUBCONTRAST
CONTRAST MODULATION
LIMITING

OSD INPUT
3

13

I2C B US

12

FBL OSD1 OSD2 OSD3

fast
blanking

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

DISO
DISV
FPOL
BRI

REGISTER

SDA SCL

8-BIT
DAC

8
2-BIT
DAC

HFB

11

8-BIT
DAC

3-BIT
DAC

DISV

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

AC BLACK
LEVEL

output
blanking
BLANKING
OUTPUT CLAMPING

blanking

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

8-BIT
DAC

FPOL

CHANNEL 3
REFERENCE

FPOL

CHANNEL 2
REFERENCE

9
VP GND

TDA4887PS

CHANNEL 1
REFERENCE

8-BIT
DAC

FPOL

SUPPLY

8-BIT
DAC

14

17

16

15

20

19

18

23

22

21

MSD693

GNDX

FB/R3

VO3

VP3

FB/R2

VO2

VP2

FB/R1

VO1

VP1

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION

TDA4887PS

5-5

5-6

VI3

VI2

VI1

LIM
MOD

13

11

32
1

DISO

input
clamping

6
CLI

GAIN

8-BIT
DAC

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

GAIN

BRIGHTNESS

BRI

BRIGHTNESS
SWITCH

8-BIT
DAC

vertical
blanking

BRIGHTNESS
BLANKING

4-BIT
DAC

INPUT CLAMPING
VERTICAL BLANKING

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

OSD
CONTRAST

CONTRAST

FBL OSD1 OSD2 OSD3

8-BIT
DAC

SUBCONTRAST
CONTRAST MODULATION
LIMITING

READ
REGISTER

OSD INPUT

I2C BUS

fast
blanking

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

INPUT
CLAMPING
BLANKING

DISO
DISV
FPOL
BRI
POFF

17

8-BIT
DAC

8
2-BIT
DAC

7
HFB

8-BIT
DAC

DISV

FPOL

FPOL

FPOL

AC BLACK
LEVEL

3-BIT
DAC

output
blanking
BLANKING
OUTPUT CLAMPING

blanking

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

PEDESTAL
BLANKING

8-BIT
DAC

BON

REGISTER

4 16

SDA SCL

FPOL

12

18

31
VP GND GND GND

10

POFF

CHANNEL 3
REFERENCE

POWER
SAVE

TDA4888PS

CHANNEL 2
REFERENCE

FPOL

15

DIGITAL
SUPPLY

CHANNEL 1
REFERENCE

8-BIT
DAC

FPOL

SUPPLY

8-BIT
DAC

14

VDD DGND

21

22

20

19

25

26

24

23

29

30

28

27

MSD692

PO

FB/R3

GND3

VO3

VP3

FB/R2

GND2

VO2

VP2

FB/R1

GND1

VO1

VP1

VIDEO CONTROL AND AMPLIFICATION

TDA4889PS

Monitors

CONTROL

Monitors

6-1

CONTROL
6.1 Non-volatile memories
Type number
Organization (bits, serial access)
DDC1/DDC2 support
I2C bus
Slave address (bits)
Write protection input
Min. erase/write cycles
Min. data retention (years)
Max. standby current (A)
Supply voltage (V)

PCB2421
1288
yes
yes

yes
105
10
10
4.5-5.5

Package

DIP8, SO8

PCA8581(C) PCF8582C-2 PCF8594C-2 PCF8598C-2 PCF85116-3


1288
2568
5128
10248
20488
no
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
3
3
2
1

no
no
yes
yes
yes
105
106
106
106
106
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
4.5-5.5
3.0-5.5
3.0-5.5
3.0-5.5
3.0-5.5
2.5-6 (C-ver.)
DIP8, SO8
DIP8, SO8
DIP8, SO8
DIP8, SO8L
DIP8, SO8

6-2

Monitors

CONTROL
6.2 USB interface
All Philips USB interface ICs conform to their respective USB
specifications and are fully compliant with most device
specifications. Many also include the GoodLink and SoftConnect
features. GoodLink allows a quick visual check of whether
peripherals connected to the hubs downstream ports are working properly, delivering significant cost savings in user-support
Type number
Hub
USB spec. compliance
Upstream ports
Downstream ports
Embedded function
Embedded USB port
Integrated FIFOs
Automatic USB protocol handling
SoftConnect
GoodLink
I2C bus
Bundled Monitor Control software
Clock frequency (MHz)
Supply voltage (V)
Package

ISP1123
yes
1.1
1
2-5
0
Port 1
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
6
5.0
LQFP32

hotline costs, while SoftConnect provides an extra level of


peripheral control via the host connection.
Such feature enhancements make a significant contribution to
cost savings in a total system implementation, and at the same
time ease the implementation of advanced USB functionality
into PC peripherals.

ISP1122A
yes
1.1
1
2-5
0
0
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
6
5.0
SDIP32, SO32, LQFP32

upstream
port

ISP1123

Vreg(3.3)

VCC

D+

PDIUSBH11A
yes
1.0
1
4
3
0
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
yes
12
3.0-3.6
SDIP32, SO32

6 MHz

LED

5V

PLL

SUPPLY
REGULATOR

PDIUSBD11
no
1.1
1
0
1
0
yes
yes
yes
no
yes
yes
12
3.0 to 3.6
DIP16, SO16

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

HUB
GoodLink

PACKET
GENERATOR

I2C BUS
INTERFACE

SDA
SCL

BIT CLOCK
RECOVERY

3.3 V
full
speed

PHILIPS
SIE

INDV
HUB
CONTROLLER OPTION

END OF
FRAME
TIMERS

HUB
REPEATER

GENERAL
PORT
CONTROLLER

ANALOG
Tx /Rx

D+

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

LED/
D overcurrent
D+
detection power switch

downstream port 1
embedded or non-removable
function

Monitors

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

LED/
D overcurrent
D+
detection power switch
downstream port 2
(removable)

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

LED/
D overcurrent
D+
detection power switch
downstream port 3
(removable)

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

LED/
D overcurrent
D+
detection power switch
downstream port 4
(removable)

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

self/bus
powered

LED/
D overcurrent
detection power switch
downstream port 5
(removable)

MBL083

6-3

CONTROL

ISP1122A

upstream
port
Vreg(3.3)

VCC

D+

6 MHz

LED

5V
ANALOG
Tx / Rx

HUB
GoodLink

I2C BUS
INTERFACE

PACKET
GENERATOR

PLL

SUPPLY
REGULATOR

SDA
SCL

BIT CLOCK
RECOVERY

3.3 V
full
speed

INDV
HUB
OPTION
CONTROLLER

PHILIPS
SIE

END OF
FRAME
TIMERS

HUB
REPEATER

GENERAL
PORT
CONTROLLER

ANALOG
Tx /Rx

D+

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

D overcurrent
LED/
D+
detection power switch

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

D overcurrent
LED/
D+
detection power switch

downstream
port 1

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

D overcurrent
LED/
D+
detection power switch

downstream
port 2

PDIUSBH11A

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

downstream
port 3

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

ANALOG
Tx / Rx

D overcurrent
LED/
D+
detection power switch
downstream
port 4

UPSTREAM
PORT

self/bus
powered

GoodLink/
POWER SWITCH/
OC DETECT

D overcurrent
LED/
detection power switch
downstream
port 5

MBL169

12 MHz

D+ D

3.3 V
PLL

1.5 k
D+

ANALOG
TX/RX

SoftConnectTM

INTEGRATED
RAM

BIT CLOCK
RECOVERY

FULL SPEED

I2 C
SLAVE
INTERFACE

MEMORY
MANAGEMENT
UNIT

PHILIPS
SIE

END OF
FRAME
TIMERS

HUB
REPEATER

GENERAL
PORT
CONTROLLER

ANALOG
Tx/Rx

D+

GOODLINKTM
CONTROL

LED

DOWNSTREAM
PORT 2

ANALOG
Tx/Rx

D+

TM

GOODLINK
CONTROL

LED

DOWNSTREAM
PORT 3

ANALOG
Tx/Rx

D+

TM

GOODLINK
CONTROL

LED

DOWNSTREAM
PORT 4

ANALOG
Tx/Rx

D+

TM

GOODLINK
CONTROL

LED

DOWNSTREAM
PORT 5

INTERRUPT

SDA

NO LIGHT

LIT

NO
CONNECTION

CONNECTED

GOODLINK

SCL

BLINKING

DATA
TRANSFER

TM

MSC666

6-4

Monitors

CONTROL

PDIUSBD11
12 MHz

3.3 V

UPSTREAM
PORT
D+

PLL

1.5 k

INTEGRATED
RAM
D+

SoftConnect

ANALOG
TX/RX

FULL SPEED

BIT CLOCK
RECOVERY

INTERRUPT
PHILIPS
SIE

MEMORY
MANAGEMENT
UNIT

I2C
SLAVE
INTERFACE

SDA
SCL

SV00823

NOTE:
This is a conceptual block diagram and does not include each individual signal.

Monitors

6-5

CONTROL
6.3 LCD display drivers
Type number
Segment/dot-matrix driver
Drive capability:
(multiplexed) segments
rows/columns
Format lines/characters/icons
Character generator (characters)
Display RAM
I2C bus
LCD bias voltage generator
LCD voltage multiplier
Supply voltage Vlogic, Vop (V)
Package

PCF8566
segment

PCF8576C
segment

PCF8548
dot-matrix

PCF2113
dot-matrix

PCF2119
dot-matrix

24-96

40-160

244 bits
yes
yes
no
2.5-6
DIP40,
VSO40, dice

404 bits
yes
yes
no
2.5-6
VSO56,
LQFP64, dice

65/102
-/-/102

65102 bits
yes
yes
yes
1.5-5.5, 8.5
TCP, bumped
dice

18/60
2/12 /120
16 RAM, 240 ROM
80 characters
yes
yes
yes
1.8-5.5, 6.5
LQFP100,
dice

18/80
2/16/160
16 RAM, 240 ROM
80 characters
yes
yes
yes
1.8-5.5, 6.5
bumped dice

Display sizes e.g.:


34 128, 48 84
65 102, 65 133
80 128

Data I/O
CONTROL
LOGIC
RAM

Power
supplies

ROW
DRIVER

09 / 02 / 01

SEQUENCER
VOLTAGE
MULTIPLIER

BIAS
VOLTAGE
GENERATOR

COLUMN DRIVER
MSD621

Graphic drivers

Display sizes e.g.:


lines x characters
2 x 24, 2 x 12
4 x 12, 2 x 16
Data I/O

CGRAM
CGROM

Power
supplies

VOLTAGE
MULTIPLIER

BIAS VOLTAGE
GENERATOR

ROW DRIVERS

DDRAM

SEQUENCER

CONTROL
LOGIC

COLUMN DRIVERS
MSD681

Character drivers

6-6

Monitors

CONTROL

Display sizes e.g.:


1 x 32 . . . 2 x 140 . . .
4 x 80 . . . 16 x 24
CONTROL LOGIC

Power
supplies

BIAS VOLTAGE
GENERATOR

SEQUENCER

RAM

BACKPLANE DRIVERS

Data I/O

SEGMENT DRIVERS
MSD682

Segment drivers

6.4 Other display drivers


Type number
HEF4511B
HEF4556B
SAA1064

Monitors

Function
7-Segment LED driver
Dual 1-of-4 decoder/demultiplexer with LED drive capability
4-Digit LED driver with I2C bus interface

6-7

6-8

Monitors

STEREO AUDIO
7

Monitors

7-1

STEREO AUDIO
We have a wide range of audio amplifiers suitable for monitor
applications, only a selection of which are given here. From a
35 mW headphone driver to a 25 W multimedia amplifier, the
ICs are designed for efficient, easy mounting and effective
supply voltage ripple rejection with emphasis on THD, S/N
ratio, low DC offsets, crossover distortion, intermodulation and
good channel separation.

USB-controlled audio (see Section 7.2) can be implemented


with the UDA1321 and the new UDA1325, both of which
bring the benefits of USB connectivity to the digital audio
module within monitors. The UDA1321 is a USB audio DAC,
while the UDA1325 is a combined ADC/DAC with DSP features and has all the necessary analog and digital functions on
chip for high-quality audio over the USB.

7.1 Stereo audio output amplifiers


Type number
Output power (W)
BTL output configuration
Voltage gain (dB)
Volume control
Mute mode
Standby
Thermal protection
Short-circuit protection
Supply voltage (V)
Package

TDA8559(T)
20.035
no
26
yes
yes
yes
yes
1.9-30
DIP16 (SO16)

TDA8542TS
20.7
yes
6-30
yes
yes
yes
yes
2.2-18
SSOP20

TDA8552T(TS)
21.4
yes
60 to +30
digital control
yes
yes
yes
2.7-5.5
SO20 (SSOP20)

TDA8542AT
21.5
yes
6-30
yes
yes
yes
yes
2.2-18
SO20

TDA8942P
21.5
yes
32
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
DIP16

TDA2615
26
no
30
no
yes
no
yes
yes
15-42

TDA1519B
26
yes
40
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18

TDA8944J
26
yes
32
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18

TDA1516BQ
212
yes
20
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18

SIL9MPF

SIL9MPF

SIL17P

DBS13P

Stereo audio output amplifiers (continued)

Type number
Output power (W)
BTL output configuration
Voltage gain (dB)
Volume control
Mute mode
Standby
Thermal protection
Short-circuit protection
Supply voltage (V)
Package

TDA1517(A)
26 (26)
SE (also BTL)
20
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
SIL9MP,
HDIP18 (HTSSOP)

Stereo audio output amplifiers (continued)


Type number
Output power (W)
BTL output configuration
Voltage gain (dB)
Volume control
Mute mode
Standby
Thermal protection
Short-circuit protection
Supply voltage (V)
Package

7-2

TDA1518BQ
212
yes
40
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
DBS13P

TDA1519CJ
212
yes
40
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
SIL9P,DBS9P

TDA2616
212
no
30
no
yes
no
yes
yes
15-42
SIL9P

TDA8946
215
yes
32
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
SIL17P

TDA1552Q
222
yes
26
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
DBS13P

TDA1563Q
225
yes
26
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
6-18
DSP17P

Monitors

STEREO AUDIO
OUTL

TDA8542TS

VCCL VCCR
16

100
nF

100
F

50 k

10 k

INL 14

input L

15 OUTL

INL+ 13

1 F

47
F

VCCL

20 k

2 OUTL+

+
20 k
OUTR
STANDBY/MUTE LOGIC

50 k
10 k
input R
1 F

TDA8542

INR 11

10 OUTR

INR+ 12

R
VCCR

20 k

7 OUTR+

SVR 4
20 k
MODE 3

STANDBY/MUTE LOGIC

BTL/SE 5

1
LGND

8
RGND
MSC905

7
TDA1517(P)
standby switch
100
F

input
reference
voltage

VP

100 nF
2200
F

internal
1/2 V P

TDA1517
220 nF

60 k

60 k

input 1

220 nF
input 2

MSB261 - 1

1000 F

Monitors

1000 F

7-3

STEREO AUDIO

TDA8552(TS)
VDD = 5 V

C1

IN1 17

330 nF

VDD3, 4
13, 18

C3

C4

220 F

VOLUME
CONTROL

20
k

VIN1

VDD1, 2
3, 8

100
nF

C5

12 OUT1+

MASTER

220 F
0.5VDD

R1
1 k

15 k
20 dB

VDD

up
up
volume
control
down

3.4 k

UP/DOWN
COUNTER

R5
2.2 k
C7

UP/DOWN1 6

VDD

C3

0.5VDD

INTERFACE

19 OUT1

SLAVE

0.5VDD

SVR 16

headphone jack
tip

0.5VDD

220 F
C2

20 k
1.6 k

down

15 k

100
nF

20 k

30 dB

IN2 15

330 nF

VOLUME
CONTROL

20
k

VIN2

ring
sleeve

TDA8552T

15 k

C6

2 OUT2+

MASTER

220 F
R4
1 k

15 k

0.5VDD
20 dB
3.4 k

UP/DOWN
COUNTER

VDD

20 k

30 dB

up
up
volume
control
down

R6
2.2 k

UP/DOWN2 7

1.6 k

down

INTERFACE

C8
100 nF

20 k

VDD

15 k

0.5VDD

0.5VDD

9 OUT2

SLAVE

0.5VDD

15 k
VDD

standby
mute

MODE 5
operating

HPS 4

GAIN
SELECTION

STANDBY/MUTE
AND OPERATING

14

1, 10, 11, 20

GAINSEL

GND1 to GND4

R3
100 k
VDD

VDD
R2
820 k

ground
MGM609

7-4

Monitors

STEREO AUDIO

TDA8559(T)

VP2
15
1

STANDBY

VP1

100
F

100
nF

16

REFERENCE
VP

+IN1 2

Left

IN1 3
50 k

50 k

VI

50 k

MUTE

DQC
INPUT
LOGIC

MODE

14 OUT1

OA

+IN2 5

Right

IN2 6
50
k

VI

11 OUT2
OA
50 k

50
k

VP
100 k

12 BUFFER

SVRR

BUFFER

100
k

TDA8559
9,10

13
MSC901

n.c.

TDA1563Q

VP1

GND

VP2

13

+
SLAVE
CONTROL

10

MUTE
IN2

16

17

OUT2+

VI
IN2+

11

IV

OUT2

VI

60
k
CIN

25 k

60
k

VP
4

Vref

CSE

+
60
k
IN1

IN1+

60
k

+
VI

+
+

VI

7
IV

OUT1

MUTE

SLAVE
CONTROL

OUT1+

TDA1563Q
STANDBY
LOGIC
6

CLIP AND
DIAGNOSTIC
12

14

15

DIAG

CLIP

9
MGR173

MODE

Monitors

SC

GND

7-5

STEREO AUDIO
7.2 USB audio
UDA1321
USB-DAC

Complete stereo USB-DAC system with


integrated filtering and line output drivers
Supports all USB-compliant audio
multimedia devices
On-board DSP complies with USB audio-device
class specification and provides extensive
sound processing
Supports 12 Mbits/s full speed serial-data
transmission
Fully automatic Hot Plug-and-Play operation
Supports multiple audio data I/O formats
Asynchronous and isochronous support
High SNR with low total harmonic distortion
High linearity and wide dynamic range
Digital PLL-based asynchronous Master clock
Low power consumption and power management
On-chip timing reference recovery system,
including oscillator circuitry, using an external
crystal for clock regeneration

Sound processing features are in line with the USB audio-device


class specification and include digital de-emphasis, separate
digital volume control for left and right channels via USB or
direct control, digital bass and treble tone control, and separate
soft mute for left and right channels. Additional features can be
included with the use of an external DSP IC, connected via the
I2S bus.

QUICK REFERENCE DATA


Power supply
I2C

bus-controlled

The UDA1321 is a stereo CMOS DAC and USB interface


specifically designed for USB-compliant audio devices and
multimedia audio applications such as USB-equipped monitors
and telephony devices and digital audio speakers. It incorporates
an analog front-end, USB processor, embedded microcontroller,
and an Asynchronous DAC (ADAC). The USB processor forms
the interface between the USB, ADAC, and microcontroller
and consists of a Serial Interface Engine (SIE), a Memory
Management Unit (MMU), and an Audio Sample
Redistribution (ASR)module.
The ADAC includes a Sample Frequency Generator (SFG)
which reconstructs the sample clock, digital upsampling filters, a
noise shaper, a Filter Stream DAC (FSDAC), and a unique
sound processing DSP to handle feature processing. Audio
information can be applied to the ADAC via the USB interface,
or directly as I2S input data or LSB-justified data with word
lengths of 16-, 18- or 20-bits. Two upsample filters, along with a
variable sample-and-hold function, increase the oversampling
rate from 1 fs to 128 fs, after which a third-order noise shaper
converts oversampled data to a bitstream for the FSDAC.
Finally, on-board amplifiers convert the FSDAC output current
to a voltage output signal for driving a line output.

Yes

Digital supply current

85 mA

Typical THD + N at 0 dB

90 dB

SNR

95 dB

Total power dissipation (max.)

330 mW

Package

QFP64, SO28, SDIL32

UDA1321
D+

TC
RTCB

3.3 V

SHTCB

TEST
CONTROL
BLOCK

SDA
EA
PSEN

USB PROCESSOR

ALE
P2.0
GP4/BCKO

P2.1

GP3/WSO

P2.2

GP2/DO

P2.3
DIGITAL I/O

GP1/DI

P2.4

GP0/BCKI

P2.5

MICROCONTROLLER

GP5/WSI

P2.6
P2.7
P0.0

FIFO REGISTERS

P0.1
P0.2

fs

P0.3

SAMPLE
FREQUENCY
GENERATOR

P0.4

AUDIO FEATURE
PROCESSING DSP

P0.5
P0.6

fs

P0.7
UP-SAMPLE FILTERS
64fs
VSSX

VDDE

OSC

128fs

TIMING

VDDX

VSSI

UDA1321H
UDA1321T
UDA1321PS

XTAL1
XTAL2

VSSE

VARIABLE HOLD REGISTER

VDDI
VDDO

3rd-ORDER
NOISE SHAPER

VSSO
VDDA
VSSA

VOUTL

LEFT
DAC

RIGHT
DAC

VOUTR

REFERENCE
VOLTAGE

Vref

7-6

SCL

ANALOG FRONT-END

MGM839

Monitors

STEREO AUDIO
UDA1325
Audio CODEC

QUICK REFERENCE DATA


Power supply

3.3 V

I2C bus-controlled

Yes

Digital supply current

Single-chip USB audio CODEC with playback and


record functionality
Integrated microcontroller with on-chip ROM
supports a variety of topologies and configurations
by editing the USB descriptor set held in EEPROM
Fully compliant with USB Specification Rev 1.0,
USB Audio Device Class 1.0, USB HID Device
Class, and HID Usage Table final specifications
Supports full-speed 12 Mbit/s USB, all USBcompliant audio devices, and HID connectivity
with two general I/O pins
Adaptive Sample Rate Conversion supporting 5
and 55 kHz frequencies for playback
Input sample rate supports 5.5125, 6, 8, 11.025, 12,
16, 22.05, 24, 32, 44.1, 48 kHz with integrated PLL,
and other frequencies with external crystal
High linearity, dynamic range, and SNR (95 dB)
Low THD (90 dB output and 85 dB on input)
Extensive DSP features (separate left/right volume
control, soft mute, treble and bass tone control,
dynamic bass boost, selectable clipping
detection/prevention and de-emphasis)
Multiple input/output data formats (8-, 16-, 18-,
and 24-bit)
I2S and Japanese digital audio format I/O for
external digital audio processing; separate I2S
input can be directly connected to an ADC or
used as DSP interface for AEC
Can operate in Bus- and Self-powered modes

The UDA1325 is a single-chip stereo audio USB playback and


record solution. It has an analog audio input, with a
Programmable Gain Amplifier (PGA) supporting gain selection
in small steps, which can be used to support line and microphone inputs. It also has a digital (I2S) audio input. Host-based
and local (directly communicating with UDA1325) DSP-based
Acoustic Echo Cancellation (AEC) can be implemented.

t.b.f.

Audio input sample frequency range


Typical THD + N at 0 dB

5 - 55 kHz (continuous)

input

85 dB

output

90 dB

SNR

95 dB

Total power dissipation (max.)

t.b.f.

Package

QFP64

UDA1325
D+

TC
RTCB

ANALOG FRONTEND
TCB

SHTCB
USB PROCESSOR
PGA

GP4/BCK
GP3/WS

I2S I/O

GP2/DO
GP1/DI

GP0
MICROCONTROLLER

I2S

GP5
GP6/SCL
GP7/SDA

FIFO
fs_in
SAMPLE
FREQUENCY
GENERATOR

AUDIO FEATURE
PROCESSING DSP

fs_in
UPSAMPLE FILTERS
64fs_in
VARIABLE HOLD REGISTER

VSSX
XTAL1
XTAL2

OSC

UDA1325

128fs

TIMING

VDDX

3th ORDER
NOISE SHAPER
RconvL

RconvR
RIGHT
DAC

LEFT
DAC
VOUTL

VOUTR
REFERENCE
VOLTAGES
MSC786

All USB control and HID class-support functions are handled


by the integrated microcontroller, with the USB-compliant
firmware stored in 12 kB on-chip ROM. Offering fully automatic Hot Plug-and-Play, the UDA1325H is simple and
inexpensive to design in, for a variety of applications. The QFP64
version is pin-compatible with the first generation devices.

Monitors

7-7

7-8

Monitors

SWITCHED-MODE
POWER SUPPLY
(SMPS)
8

Monitors

8-1

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)


8.1 GreenChip & STARplug circuits
Low standby power SMPS systems
The Switched-Mode Power Supply (SMPS) is the most compact
and efficient electrical power supply for monitors. Although
many SMPS systems provide a standby mode, during which
they consume just 5 to 10 Watts, this standby accounts for
up to 10% of domestic and office electricity bills. Philips
Semiconductors now offers a new SMPS controller family that
drastically reduces the overall cost and power consumption of
SMPS designs. In addition to the GreenChip TEA1504 SMPS
controller, Philips offers two GreenChip ICs and a family of
STARplug ICs that save energy in all modes of operation.

The newest additions to the GreenChip family are the TEA1507


and TEA1541 GreenChip SMPS controllers. Besides standby
power, these products offer optimal efficiency at all power levels.
GreenChip uses valley switching to reduce switch-on losses and
EMI radiation. The TEA1507 operates in Quasi-Resonant (QR)
mode at high power levels, and fixed-frequency operation at medium
power levels. At low power level the switching frequency is
reduced to limit switching losses.

TM

GreenChip circuits
GreenChip designs, based around the TEA15xx family, bring
typical standby power consumption down to 1-2 W. GreenChip
ICs are optimized for both primary and secondary sensing
configurations and operate directly from a 90-276 V AC supply.
They also contain an on-chip startup current source and
integrated on/off circuitry that replaces an expensive mains
switch. GreenChips have a built-in standby mode that uses burstmode operation. In this mode standby power level as low as 1 W can be
reached without the need for a dedicated standby SMPS.

STARplug circuits
The TEA152x STARplug family of SMPS controller ICs are
designed for compact and efficient power supplies supplying up
to 50 W. They operate directly from the rectified mains and all
ICs (except the TEA152AJM) incorporate dedicated circuitry
for valley switching, resulting in minimal switch-on loss. They
also feature frequency reduction at low power output, which
brings their standby power down to 100 mW or less. The ICs
are available in 8-pin DIP, 14-pin SO, and 9-pin DBS packages.

8.2 GreenChip circuits for monitor SMPS


Type package

Power* (W)

Package

TEA1504

<2

DIP14

Fixed-frequency flyback

Operation

TEA1507

<3

DIP8

Quasi-resonant flyback SOPS

TEA1541

<3

DIP8

Synchronised frequency flyback

* Universal mains 70-276 V (AC)

8.3 STARplug circuits for monitor SMPS


Type
package

RDS,ON

TEA1524

3.5

15 W

30 W

30 W

TEA1523

10 W

20 W

TEA1522

12

7W

10 W

TEA1521

24

3W

TEA1520

50

2W

8-2

Global mains
DIP/SO
DBS

180 - 276 V
DIP/SO
DBS

150 V MAX
DIP/SO
DBS

50 W

15 W

30 W

15 W

35 W

10 W

20 W

8W

20 W

7W

10 W

4.5 W

3W

3W

2W

Monitors

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)

TEA1504
REF

Vaux

Vaux
MANAGEMENT

Vi
1

START-UP
CURRENT SOURCE

on/off

TEA1504
OOB

14

1 k

5.5 V

burst mode
stand-by
R
OVER
TEMPERATURE
PROTECTION

CTRL

9
SAMPLE
AND
HOLD1

DEM

SAMPLE
AND
HOLD2

DS
DRIVER

driver
stage
PULSE WIDTH
MODULATOR
OVER CURRENT
PROTECTION

inverting
error
amplifier

comparator

LEADING EDGE
BLANKING

I sense

13
DEMAGNETIZATION
MANAGEMENT

OSCILLATOR

FREQUENCY
CONTROL

duty cycle limiting


signal

NEGATIVE
CLAMP
11

GND

HVS

n.c.

10

12
MGS569

n.c.

n.c.

Monitors

8-3

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)

TEA1507
VCC

SUPPLY
MANAGEMENT

internal
supply
S1

GND

uvlo

START-UP
CURRENT SOURCE

start

clamp
VALLEY

DRAIN

HVS

Mlevel
VOLTAGE
CONTROLLED
OSCILLATOR

4
LOGIC

DEMAG

100 mV
OVER
VOLTAGE
PROTECTION

TEA1507
FREQUENCY
CONTROL

LOGIC

DRIVER

DRIVER

Ctrl

ISS

LEB

OVERTEMPERATURE
PROTECTION

soft
start
S2

Q
blank

1
POWER-ON
RESET

UVLO

0.5
V

Q
5
OCP

SENSE

2.5 V

burst
detect

MAXIMUM
ON-TIME
PROTECTION

short
winding

0.75
V

OVER
POWER
PROTECTION

MSD547

8-4

Monitors

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)

TEA152x

VCC

SUPPLY

DRAIN

VALLEY

TEA152x

GND

LOGIC

n.c.

100 mV

PWM
stop
RC

OSCILLATOR

THERMAL
SHUTDOWN

low freq

PROTECTION
LOGIC

blank

POWER-UP
RESET

1.8

SOURCE

overcurrent

REG

0.5 V

2.5 V

10x

AUX

short circuit winding


0.75 V

MGT419

TEA1523
LF
D5
CF2

CF1

Z1
D1

Vout

C5

Vmains
R1
R2

CVCC

VCC
GND

RRC
RC
R4
CRC

REG

D2

8 DRAIN

TEA1523
3

n.c.
SOURCE
AUX

RI
RAUX
C6 - Ycap

R3

MGU245

StarplugTM typical application

Monitors

8-5

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)


8.4 Power MOSFETs for S-correction capacitor/mode switching
Type number

VDS max

RDS(ON)

Package

PHX23NQ10T
PHP18NQ10T
PHP23NQ10T
PHP27NQ10T
PHP34NQ10T
PHP45NQ10T
PHX9NQ20T
PHX14NQ20T
PHX18NQ20T
PHP9NQ20T
PHP14NQ20T
PHP18NQ20T
PHP20NQ20T

(V)
100
100
100
100
100
100
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

)
(
70
90
70
50
40
25
400
230
180
400
230
180
130

SOT186A
TO220
TO220
TO220
TO220
TO220
SOT186A
SOT186A
SOT186A
TO220
TO220
TO220
TO220

8-6

Monitors

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)


8.5 Rectifier diodes for SMPS
Type number

VRRM
IF(AV)
max
max
(V)
(A)
Fast soft-recovery controlled avalanche rectifier diodes
BYD33 series
200-1400
1.30/1.26
BYM26 series
200-1400
2.3/2.4
BYM36 series
200-1400
3.0/2.9
BYV26 series
200-1400
1.0/1.05
BYV36 series
200-1400
1.6/1.5
BYV95 series
200-600
1.5
BYV96E
1000
1.5
BYW95 series
200-600
3.0
BYW96 series
800-1000
3.0
Ultra-fast low-loss controlled avalanche rectifier diodes
BYD73 series
50-400
1.75/1.70
BYV27 series
50-600
2.0/1.9/1.6
BYV28 series
50-600
3.5/3.0
Ultra-fast rectifier diodes (single)
BYR29(F) series
600-800
8
BYT79 series
300-500
14
BYV29(F) series
300-500
9
Ultra-fast rectifier diodes (dual)
BYT28 series
300-500
10
BYV34 series
300-500
20
BYV44 series
300-500
30
BYV72(F) series
100-200
30
BYV74(F) series
300-500
30
Ultra-fast rugged rectifier diodes (single)
BYV79E(X) series
100-200
14
BYW29E(X) series
100-200
8
Ultra-fast rugged rectifier diodes (dual)
BYQ28E(X) series
100-200
10
BYV32E(X) series
100-200
20
BYV40E series
100-200
1.5
BYV42E(X) series
100-200
30
BYV72E series
100-200
30
General-purpose rectifiers
BYW54 to 56
600-1000
2
1N5059 to 62
200-800
2

Monitors

IFSM
max
(A)

trr
max
(ns)

VF max
at IF
(V)

IF

Package

(A)

20
45
65
30
30
35
35
70
70

250/300/500
30/75/150
100/150/250
30/75/150
100/150/250
250
300
250
300

1.3
2.65/2.30
1.6/1.78/1.57
2.5/2.15
1.35/1.45
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.5

1
2
3
1
1
3
3
5
5

SOD81
SOD64
SOD64
SOD57
SOD57
SOD57
SOD57
SOD64
SOD64

25
50/40
90

25/50
25/50
25/50

0.98/1.05
0.98/1.05/1.25
1.02/1.05/1.25

1
2
3.5

SOD81
SOD57
SOD64

60
130
70

75
60
60

1.95
1.4
1.4

20
50
20

TO220
TO220
TO220

50
120
130
150
130

60
60
60
28
60

1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.6

15
30
50
30
30

TO220
TO220
TO220
SOT93 (SOT199)
SOT93 (SOT199)

150
80

30
25

1.05
1.05

14
8

TO220
TO220

50
125
6
150
150

25
25
25
28
28

1.1
1.15
1.0
1.2
1.2

5
20
1.5
30
30

TO220
TO220
SOT223
TO220
SOT93

50
50

3000 typ.
3000 typ.

1.0
1.0

1
1

SOD57
SOD57

8-7

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY (SMPS)


8.6 Schottky rectifier diodes
VRRM max
20/25 V

PBYR4025WT
PBYR7020/25WT

40/45 V
PBYR240/45CT
PBYR745x
PBYR1040/45x
PBYR1540/45CTx
PBYR1645
PBYR2045CT
PBYR2545CT
PBYR3045WT
PBYR4040/45WT
PBYR6040/45WT

IF(AV) max
60/80/100 V

PBYR1060/80/100x

PBYR20100CT
PBYR30100WT

(A)
2
7.5
10
15
16
20
30
30
40
60
70

Package
SOT223
TO220 (SOD113)
TO220 (SOD113)
TO220V(SOT186A)
TO220
TO220
TO220
TO247
TO247
TO247
TO247

8-8

Monitors

DISPLAY & PASSIVE


COMPONENTS

Monitors

9-1

DISPLAY & PASSIVE COMPONENTS


9.1 Display components
Color monitor tubes
Type
number

M34EDC
M36EDR
M41EHN

Size

(inch)

(mm)

Screen
Glass
transmission
(%)

14
15
17

0.28
0.28
0.27

57
56
53.5

Horiz.
pitch

Gun

Base

Phosphor

Length
max.
(mm)

P22
Polygon
P22
Polygon
P22/EBU DAF/DBF

B10-277
B10-277
B10-301

352.0
352.8
388.0

Mechanical dimensions
Weight Z-to-lug
Horiz.
Vertical
ear-to-ear ear-to-ear
(kg)

6.4
7.5
10.0

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

34.0
34.0
20.0

311.4
331.0
367.0

243.2
261.0
291.6

Color monitor tubes (continued)


Type
number

Vf

If

Typical operating characteristics


Vk
Va
Ia
Vg3

M34EDC
M36EDR
M41EHN

(V)
6.3
6.3
6.1

(mA)
315
315
315

(V)
100-125
106-125
100-125

(kV)
25
24
26

A)
(
200
200
250

(kV)
6-7
6-7
6.6-7.7

Vg2

Vdyn
hor/vert
parabola

(V)
360-750
425-700
425-700

(V)

350/150

Useful phosphor area


vert.
hor.
diag.

(mm)
210.6
213.6
244.4

(mm)
280.8
283.6
324.7

(mm)
335.4
352.6
404.0

Color monitor tubes options


Type
number

M34EDC
M36EDR
M41EHN

Size

(inch)
14
15
17

Screen surface treatment

Rotation
High Anti AGAS IRIS IRIS- coil
gloss glare
HC2

Deflection units
Horizontal
inductances
(mH)
0.18-1.44
0.18, 0.34
0.12, 0.18

Horizontal frequency
range

Ergonomic
approvals

(kHz)
16 to 64
38 to 64
66 to 84

MPR-II, TCO
MPR-II, TCO
MPR-II, TCO

Note: These color monitor tubes, along with the deflection units to support them, are supplied by LG. Philips.

9
9.2 Flyback transformers
Flyback transformers
Type number
Application
14"-15" color monitors
MLT-E2
up to 69 kHz
17"-19" color monitors
MLT-M1
DAF up to 95 kHz
19"-21" color monitors
MLTB-M1
DAF up to 115 kHz
32" wide-screen color monitors
CML 17 RCD
DAF up to 32 kHz

9-2

Monitors

APPENDIX

Monitors

A-1

INDEX
A1 Index of type numbers

Type number
Integrated circuits
HEF4511B
HEF4556B
ISP1122A
ISP1123
PCA8581(C)
PCB2421
PCF2113
PCF2119
PCF85116-3
PCF8548
PCF8566
PCF8576C
PCF8582C-2
PCF8594C-2
PCF8598C-2
PDIUSBD11
PDIUSBH11A
SAA1064
TDA1516BQ
TDA1517(A)
TDA1518BQ
TDA1519B/CJ
TDA1552Q
TDA1563Q
TDA2615
TDA2616
TDA4821P
TDA4841PS
TDA4853/4
TDA4856
TDA4857PS
TDA4863J/AJ
TDA4866J
TDA4867J
TDA4885/6/6A/7PS/9PS
TDA8542(AT)TS
TDA8552T(TS)
TDA8559(T)
TDA8942P
TDA8944J
TDA8946
TEA1504/7
TEA1520/1/2/3/4
TEA1541
UDA1321
UDA1325
Discrete Semiconductors
1N5059 to 62
BU1508AX/DX

A-2

Page
6-7
6-7
6-3
6-3
6-2
6-2
6-6
6-6
6-2
6-6
6-6
6-6
6-2
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-7
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
3-10
3-8
3-2
3-4
3-6
4-2
4-3
4-4
5-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
7-2
8-2
8-2
8-2
7-6
7-7

8-7
4-6

Type number
BU2508AF/AX/DF/DX
BU2515AX/DX
BU2520AF/AX/DF/DX/DW
BU2522AF/AX
BU2523AF/AX
BU2525AF/AX/AW
BU2527AF/AX/DX
BU2530AW
BU2532AW
BU2708AF
BU2720DX
BU2725DX
BU4506AZ/AF/AX/DZ/DF/DX
BU4507X/DX
BU4508AF/AX/DZ/DF/DX
BU4515AF/AX
BU4522AF/AX
BU4523AX
BU4525AX
BU4530AW
BUT11A(F/X)
BUT12A(F)
BUT18A(F)
BY229X
BY328
BY329X series
BY329X-1500(S)
BY359X-1500(S)
BY428
BY459X-1500(S)
BY8000 series
BY8100 series
BY8200 series
BY8400 series
BY8500 series
BYD33 series
BYD73 series
BYM26 series
BYM357X/DX
BYM358X/DX
BYM359X
BYM36 series
BYQ28E(X) series
BYR29(F)
BYT28 series
BYT79 series
BYV26 series
BYV27 series
BYV28 series
BYV29(F) series
BYV32E(X) series
BYV34 series

Page
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5/8-7
4-5/8-7
8-7
4-5
4-5
4-5
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
4-5/8-7
4-5/8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7

Monitors

INDEX

Type number
BYV36 series
BYV40E series
BYV42E(X) series
BYV44 series
BYV72E(F) series
BYV74(F) series
BYV79E(X) series
BYV95 series
BYV96E
BYW29E(X) series
BYW54 to 56
BYW95 series
BYW96 series
PBYRxxxx
PHP14NQ20T
PHP18NQ10T
PHP18NQ20T
PHP20NQ20T
PHP23NQ10T
PHP27NQ10T
PHP34NQ10T
PHP45NQ10T
PHP9NQ20T
PHX14NQ20T
PHX18NQ20T
PHX23NQ10T
PHX9NQ20T
Display and passive components
M34EDC
M36EDR
M41EHN
Flyback transformers

Page
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
8-7
4-5/8-7
4-5/8-7
8-7
8-7
4-5/8-7
4-5/8-7
8-8
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6
8-6

9-2
9-2
9-2
9-2

Monitors

A-3

NOTES

Monitors

NOTES

Monitors

A-5

Philips Semiconductors
Philips Semiconductors is a worldwide company with over 100 sales offices in more than 50 countries. For a complete up-to-date list of
our sales offices please e-mail sales.addresses@www.semiconductors.philips.com. A complete list will be sent to you automatically. You can
also visit our website http://www.semiconductors.philips.com/sales/ or contact any of the following sales offices by phone or mail:
North America
Philips Semiconductors C.R.M Center
2800 Wells Branch Parkway
Mailstop P-411
Austin, Texas 78728
United States

Europe, Africa, Middle East and South America


Philips Semiconductors International
Fulfillment and Sales Support Center
P.O. Box 366
2700 AJ Zoetermeer
The Netherlands

Tel: +1 800 234 7381


Fax: +31 79 3685126
Fax: +1 800 943 0087
E-mail: P411webinq.smi@harte-hanks.com

Asia Pacific
Philips Semiconductors Asia Pacific
Market Response Management Center
P.O. Box 68115
Kowloon East Post Office
Hong Kong

Japan
Philips Semiconductors
Philips Building 13-37
Kohnan 2-chome
Minato-ku,
Tokyo 108-8507

Fax: +852 2756 8271

Tel: +81 3 3740 5130


Fax: +81 3 3740 5057

Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2001


All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner. The information presented in this document does not
form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Printed in the USA

Date of release: July 2001

Print code: 301676/FP/64pp/0701

Document ordering number: 9397 750 08721