0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

22 vizualizări8 paginijurnal

Dec 04, 2014

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

jurnal

© All Rights Reserved

0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

22 vizualizări8 paginijurnal

© All Rights Reserved

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 8

1023

Current-Controlled PWM Inverter

Satoshi Ogasawara, Member, IEEE, Jin Takagaki, Hirofumi M a g i , Member, IEEE,

and Akira Nabae, Fellow, IEEE

Abstract-A novel parallel technique for current-controlled

PWM inverters is described. Two voltage source inverters, the

output terminals of which are connected in parallel through

current balancers, are used as a main circuit. In this scheme,

excellent characteristics both in steady states and in transient

states are obtained, keeping the average values of the cross

current and zero sequence current at zero level. This current

control scheme is applicable to large-capacity GTO inverters

because good performance is attained even if the switching

frequency is only a few hundred Hertz, as shown in the experimental results.

steady states. However, these two requirements contradict

each other, that is, the switching mode that yields a high

current derivative must be chosen to pioduce the quick

current response, whereas the switching mode that yields

a low current derivative must be chosen 13 suppress the

current harmonic content. To solve the problem, the

authors already proposed a novel current control scheme

of a single-bridge voltage source inverter, in which the

switching mode that yields a low current derivative is

changed to the switching mode that yields a high current

I. INTRODUC~ON

derivative when a large current deviation appears [ll].

Nowadays, attention is paid to the parallel technique

URRENT-CONTROLLED PWM inverters play the

for

current-controlled PWM inverters that may meet the

ost important role in a high-performance ac servo

system and a reactive power compensating system. Con- required properties (i.e., large output power, low harventional current controllers utilizing a voltage source monic current content, and/or low switching frequency).

In this paper, a novel current control scheme of parallel

inverter can be classified as follows:

current-controlled PWM inverters is discussed. This curDirect type-The switching pattern is directly deter- rent controller pertains to the direct type above menmined from the current deviation vector. The hystere- tioned. Two bridge inverters, the output terminals of

sis-type current controllers [SI, [lo], [121, [131, the which are connected in parallel through the current balpredictive current controllers [9], [13], [141, and the ancers, are used as the main circuit. The harmonic curcurrent controller previously proposed by the authors rent content and switching frequency are reduced consid[ l l ] are included.

erably because a different switching pattern is given to

Indirect type [12]-[22]-The average voltage reference each inverter. In general, a cross current and a zero

vector during a very small interval of time is deter- sequence current, however, flow between the two invertmined to force the actual current to follow its refer- ers. This proposed scheme makes it possible to keep the

ence. The switching pattern and sequence are deter- average values of these currents at zero level all the time,

mined by the voltage reference vector. The ramp thus giving excellent characteristics both in steady and in

comparison current controllers and the minimal time transient states.

control of the current vector [12]-[14] are included.

11. PRINCIPLE OF CONTROL STRATEGY

In the direct-type current controller, there is basically no

Fig. 1 shows an equivalent load circuit of a voltage

phase lag, but the switching frequency is not constant. On

source inverter. The voltage-current vector equation is

the other hand, in the indirect-type current controller, the

expressed as follows:

switching frequency is constant, but some phase lag arises.

di

Some papers on phase lag compensation based on feedU = L- + Ri + e ,

dt

back and feedforward control have already been pubwhere the inverter output voltage vector U, the current

lished [151-[211.

The characteristics required from the current-con- vector i, and the inner induced voltage vector e , are givexi

trolled PWM inverter are a quick current response in bY

cm

U = [VdVqIT = C [ V a V b V , I T ,

the IEEE Industry Applications Society for presentation at the 1987

Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, October

18-23. Manuscript released for publication September 1, 1991.

The authors are with the Department of Electrical Engineering,

Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan.

IEEE Log Number 9108231.

0093-9994/92$03.00

0 1992 IEEE

[idiqlT= c [ i a i b i C l T ,

IEEE TRANSACTIONS O N INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 28, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1992

1024

voltage vector that yields a low d Ai/dt should be chosen

to reduce the switching frequency. In the following sections, the way to choose the voltage vector and switching

pattern is described.

Fig. 1. Load of a voltage source inverter.

111. ANALYSIS

OF PARALLEL

INVERTERS

Ai = i* - i

(2)

where i* is the current reference vector. Substituting (2)

into (1) produces

dAi

L-+RAi=

dt

L-+Ri*+e,

Ld Ai/dt. Expressing the parentheses on the right hand

of (3) as e gives the following equations

d Ai

L-=e-U

dt

di *

e =L+ Ri*

dt

(4)

+ e,

(5)

Fig. 2 shows the main circuit of the parallel currentcontrolled PWM inverter described in this paper. Two

voltage source inverters are connected in parallel through

the current balancers. The inverter output voltage vector

U and the inverter output current vector i are expressed

as follows:

1

U = -(U1 + u 2 )

(6)

2

i

where

i,

+ i,

U1 = c [ u a l u b l u c l l r

= ECISalSblSclIT,

u 2 = C[uaZub2uc21T

= EC[SaZSb2Sc21T~

i,

(7)

C[ialibliCllT,

i2 = c [ i a Z i b 2 i c 2 l T .

where e means a load counter EMF vector at the inverter sa2,sb2,sc2 corresponds to the mode in which the upperoutput terminals under the condition that the current side device or the lower side device is on state, respecvectar i ideally equals the reference i*, that is, e is the tively. The parallel voltage source inverter can produce 19

voltage vector that lets the load carry the current i* different voltage vectors that have a number k from 0 to

without any current deviation. In other words, if the 18 as shown in Fig. 3. Table I shows the relationships

voltage source inverter can always output the same volt- between the switching pattern and the number of the

age as e, no current deviation vector Ai appears. How- output voltage vector k . Hereinafter, the inverter output

ever, the inverter can output only one voltage vector out voltage vector will be expressed as d k ) . Compared with a

of the discrete set of voltage vectors corresponding to the single bridge inverter, the number of output voltage vecswitching patterns. The instantaneous value of the current tors increases from 7 to 19. This means that the harmonic

deviation cannot be made zero all the time.

current content and the switching frequency can be reTherefore, a tolerance of the deviation vector is set up. duced considerably.

If the deviation vector Ai is in the permissible region, the

Note that a cross current flows between the two invertactual current vector i is judged to follow the reference ers through the current balancers because the different

vector i*; therefore, the output voltage vector is not switching patterns are given to each inverter. The

altered. If Ai is outside the permissible region, i is judged voltage-current vector equation of the cross current cirnot to follow i*; therefore, another voltage vector that cuit is expressed as follows:

can make the deviation vector Ai smaller is chosen. Note

d

that the d A i / d t of the output voltage vector has a

u 1 - uz = l - ( i l - i 2 )

dt

direction component opposite that of Ai. By repeating the

above-mentioned process, the current deviation vector Ai where 1 is an inductance of a current balancer measured

between the output terminals of the two inverters. Table

is kept within the permissible region at all times.

Equation (4)shows that the derivative of the deviation I1 shows the relationships between the switching pattern

vector d Ai/dt is determined by the choice of an inverter and the cross current vector i, - i , . In this table, a plus

output voltage vector U out of the discrete set of voltage or minus sign indicates increasing or decreasing, and the

vectors. If a voltage vector is chosen so that the deviation last letter (a, 6, c, x, y , z ) shows the axis and the direction

derivative is large and i:egative, the current deviation in which the cross current vector is increasing or decreasvector Ai would rapidly become smaller but then would ing. Here, the x, y , and z axes are defined as in Fig. 4.

exceed the permissible region again. If a voltage vector is For example, + a means that the cross current vector

*

is increasing to the a-axis direction by

chosen so that the deviation derivative is small and negaand - a y means that i, - i , is detive, Ai would decrease more slowly, and the time until i i&;/IIA/sl,

exceeds the permissible region would be longer. There- creasing in the y-axis direction by f i E / l [ A / s l .

fore, the voltage vector that yields a high d Ai/dt should

If the dc input terminals of the two inverters are

1025

ubl

lbl

E ,

single voltage source as shown in Fig. 5, the zero sequence

current, in addition to the cross current, flows through the

current balancers. The voltage-current equation of the

zero sequence circuit is expressed as follows:

d

U01

- U02 = y

1 -

io,)

(9)

where

=

u02 = (.a2

TABLE I

RELATIONSHIPS

BETWEEN

SWITCHING

PATTERN

AND K

011

001

101

111

14

7

2

15

14

16

17

18

8

0

3

9

16

13

14

13

14

15

16

17

18

15

18

12

13

0

17

11

6

18

100

110

000

100

110

13

14

15

16

17

18

13

1

7

14

0

18

12

13

010

011

001

101

111

( s a 2 sb2 sc2)

010

000

(s,lsbls,I)

15

0

15

9

4

10

17

16

0

16

10

5

11

17

TABLE I1

RELATIONSHIPS

BETWEEN

SWITCHING

PATTERN

AND CROSS

CURRENT

VECTOR

(s,Isbls,l) 000

000

100

110

010

011

001

101

111

100

0

-a

+a

0

-c

+b

+b + 6 Y

-a

-2a

+c - 6 X

-b

+C

0

-a

(s.2 Sb2 S C Z )

110

010

+C

-b

-6 Y

+a

-b

0

-a

- fix

- 2c

+ fiz

+C

011

001

101

111

+a

-C

+b

0

+a

+ 2a + i 5 X

+ fix - 2c

--c

-6

- 6 2 +2b

+C

0

+b

+f i Y

+ !fTz -b

-a

0

-2b

+a

0

-6 Y

-b

--c

+b

+a

--c

-C

f b

-a

+C

-b

0

+ ucl)/fi

+ 'bl + ' c l ) / f i ?

+ ub2 + u c 2 ) / f i

+ 'b2 + ' c Z ) / a ,

io,

= (id

io,

(ia,

+ i,, + ic1)/G,

+ ib2 + icz>/a.

pattern and the zero sequence current io, - io,. In this

table, a plus or minus sign indicates increasing or decreasing. For example, + 2 means that the zero sequence

current io, - io, is increasing by 2 E / ( f i I ) [ A / s ] .

The cross current and the zero sequence current should

be controlled to zero. The instantaneous values of these

currents cannot be made zero all the time. Therefore, two

tolerances are set up for the cross current vector and zero

sequence current so that these currents are controlled

within the tolerances in the same way that as is the

current deviation vector, that is, the average values of

these currents can be controlled to zero.

This control scheme is suitable for large-capacity variable frequency supplies in which more than two bridges

are required. In a conventional parallel-connected inverter in which similar switching patterns is given to each

inverter, neither cross current nor zero sequence current

flows, theoretically. However, the parallel inverter needs

three current balancers because the output current balance between two inverters is affected by a difference in

switching time and forward voltage drop [25].Two isolated

dc power supplies as shown in Fig. 2 are required. Assuming that diode rectifiers are used as the dc power supplies,

I

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 28, NO. 5 , SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1992

1026

i.

t

Inv.1

(ii)

TABLE 111

RELATIONSHIPS

BETWEEN

SWITCHING

PAITERNAND ZEROSEQUENCE

CURRENT

( s s s )

(S,,Sh,S,,)

000

100

1 3

010

011

001

101

111

000

100

110

ol$

0

+1

+2

+1

+2

+1

+2

+3

-1

0

+1

0

+1

0

+1

+2

-2

-1

0

-1

0

-1

0

+l

-1

0

+1

0

+1

0

+1

+2

b2i?1

001

101

111

-2

-1

0

-1

-1

0

+1

0

0

-1

0

+1

fl

-2

-1

0

-1

0

-1

0

+1

-3

-2

-1

-2

-1

0

+1

+2

deviation current plane.

d

-2

-1

0

the fifth and seventh ac-side harmonic currents are eliminated by using multiphase transformers.

I v . SELECTION OF A SWITCHING MODETO SUPPRESS

HARMONIC

CURRENT

A. Selection of a Voltage Vector v(k)

Fig. 7. Selection of voltage vector ( k 4 ,k,, k6): (a) Voltage phase; (b)

deviation current plane.

switching frequency, a voltage vector u ( k ) is chosen to

give small d A i / d t as expressed in Section 11. Therefore,

the voltage vector is one of three vertices of the triangle

including e , as shown in Fig. 6(a). A relationship between

the voltage vector and the current deviation vector is

expressed as the following equation:

output voltage is E / fi.However, there exists a tradeoff

between the drive's bus utilization capability and the

current controllability in transient states because the current controllability is determined by the difference between e and u ( k ) as expressed by (10).

The procedure explained in Section IV-A can determine a voltage vector out of the 19 vectors, but a switchIn Fig. 6(a), u ( k , ) can increase Ai to the y-axis direc- ing pattern cannot be determined because the switching

tion, whereas u(kJ and u(k,) can increase Ai to the z pattern that outputs the voltage vector is not unique.

Utilizing the degree of freedom, the cross current vecand x axis directions, respectively. To construct the Ai

detection circuit simply, the A i plane is divided into four tor i , - i , and the zero sequence current io, - io, are

regions as shown in Fig. 6(b). If the deviation vector Ai is controlled. The cross current plane is divided into seven

in the hexagon, i is judged to follow i*; therefore, u ( k )is regions as shown in Fig. 8, and the zero sequence current

the voltage vector is detected by a window comparator. When the cross

not altered. If A i is in region

current vector is within the hexagon, the cross current is

u ( k , ) should be chosen. If Ai is in region @ or 0,

judged to not flow. In addition, when the zero sequence

u ( k , ) or u ( k , ) should be chosen, respectively.

current is within the window, the zero sequence current is

Similarly, if e is in the triangle shown in Fig. 7(a), and judged not to flow. According to the following conditions,

Ai is in region @,

or @ as shown in Fig. 7(b), a switching pattern is chosen:

u(k,), u(k,), or u ( k , ) should be chosen, respectively. If

1) The voltage vector selected from Section IV-A is

Ai is in the hexagon shown in Fig. 7(b), u ( k ) is not

output.

altered.

2)

The

cross-current vector is reduced.

If e is in the triangle shown in Fig. 6(a) or Fig. 7(a), the

3)

The

zero sequence current is reduced.

current deviation vector Ai is always controlled into the

4) The number of switching times is minimal.

hexagon by the above-mentioned method. If e is outside

5 ) The switching frequencies of the two inverters are

of the hexagon, Ai cannot be controlled any longer.

balanced.

Therefore, this control scheme is applicable to the load of

which e is within the largest hexagon shown in Fig. 3. The Here, the conditions are in order of priority. In the case

d Ai

L- dt = e

u(k).

0,

0,

(10)

1027

the zero sequence current will not exist. If the cross-curent

vector is in the hexagon shown in Fig. 8, condition 2) is

excluded. If the zero sequence current is in the window,

condition 3) is excluded. The inverter output current

vector i , the cross current vector i , - i,, and the zero

sequence current io, - io, are controlled by selection of

the switching pattern.

Fig. 9. Detection of e.

TABLE IV

DETECTION

OF e

It is possible to keep Ai within the hexagon of Fig. 6(b)

and Fig. 7(b) by the procedure shown in Section IV-A.

However, to determine the output voltage vector, it is

necessary to detect to which triangular region e belongs.

VI. SYSTEM

CON~GURATION

A relationship between the voltage vector u(k) and the

Fig. 10 shows the current controller to suppress the

current deviation vector Ai is expressed by (10).

harmonic

current. As mentioned in Section IV-A, the

d Ai

u(k) is selected according to the current

voltage

vector

L= e - u(k).

(10)

dt

deviation vector Ai and to where triangular region e

Therefore, the triangular region to which e belongs is belongs. Where triangular region e belongs is determined

detected as follows. if the x-axis component of d Ai/dt is from the derivative of the current deviation vector d Ai/dt

positive, it indicates that e is in the upper half plane to and the voltage vector dk), as mentioned in Section

the b-axis shown in Fig. 9. If the y-axis component of IV-C. The switching pattern of the two inverters is sed Ai/dt is positive, e is in the lower half plane to the c lected from the cross-current vector i , - i , , the zero

axis. If the z-axis component of d Ai/dt is positive, e is in sequence current io, - io,, the difference between the

the left half plane to the a axis. Therefore, a triangular switching frequencies of the two inverters f, - f,, and the

region is determined by u ( k ) and the x , y , z axes compo- present switching pattern, as shown in Section IV-B. In

nents of d A i / d t as shown in Table IV because the case of dual voltage sources, it is unnecessary to input the

voltage vector expressed in Section IV-A is always se- zero sequence current iol - io,. The switching pattern

lected.

selected by this current controller has a low derivative of

the deviation vector d Ai/dt, and the average values of

v. SWITCHOVER TO QUICK CURRENT RESPONSE

the cross current and zero sequence current are conCONTROL

SCHEME

trolled to zero. In this controller, about 64 kB ROMs and

If Ai becomes larger in transient states, it is necessary 22 comparators are used.

to switch over to the quick response current control

Fig. 11 shows the system configuration of the proposed

system. A voltage vector is chosen in which the d Ai/dt current controller. The upper block is the low harmonic

has the largest opposite direction component to Ai, as current controller shown in Fig. 10. As shown in Section

mentioned in Section 11. Therefore, the voltage vector is V, a conventional hysteresis-type current controller is

same as that of the hysteresis-type current controller. used as the quick current response current control system.

Another tolerance of Ai whose width is larger than that The amplitude of the deviation vector is checked by the

of the former tolerance shown in Fig. 6(b) and Fig. 7(b) is amplitude comparator. If Ai becomes large in transient

set up. Although the current deviation vector Ai exceeds states, the switching pattern is switched over from that of

the tolerance, the voltage vector selected by the quick the low harmonic current controller to that of the quick

current response current control system is output.

response current controller. Therefore, the same quick

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 28, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1992

1028

il - i2

Detection

of e

(Sec. 4.3)

201

- 202

fl - f 2

PY

f,,=lkHz

Ai

region of e

~i

TiI

Current Controller

to Suppress

HXIIIO&

Current

(Fig.10)

,

~

to drive

circuit

Conventional

f,,=ZOOHz

Fig. 11. System configuration of proposed current controller.

(c)

Fig. 13. Experimental waveforms in steady states: (a) Hysteresis-type

current controller; (b) single-bridge current controller; (c) parallel current controller.

Servo

speed

lOms

is obtained in transient states. In this case, it is not

necessary to control the cross-current vector and the zero

sequence current because the switching patterns of the

two inverters are same, and these currents do not change,

as shown in Tables I1 and 111. The delay time of the

control circuit is about 2 ps.

Fig. 12 shows the experimental 1.5-kW permanent magnet synchronous motor servo system. 1nv.l and Inv.2 are

both single-bridge voltage source inverters each having six

switching devices, respectively. The output terminals are

connected through the current balancers 1. The current

controller can be operated as one of four controllers, i.e.,

a hysteresis-type current controller, the previously proposed current controller for a single bridge, and the

parallel current controller proposed here with either dual

voltage sources or a single voltage source. The motor

ratings are given in Table V.

TABLE V

RATINGOF PERMANENT

MAGNETSYNCHRONOUS

MOTOR

Rated output

Rated speed

Rated current

Number of poles

Armature resistance

Armature inductance

Armature linkage flux due to

permanent magnet

Moment of inertia

1.5 kW

1200 r/min

12.6 A (crest value)

4

0.75 t2

5.8 mH

0.35 Wb

50.1 kg . cmz

1029

VII. EXPERIMENTAL

RESULTS

f s w = 1.5kH z

A. Steady States

Fig. 13 shows the experimental waveforms in steady

states. Here, Fig. 13(a) is a waveform of the hysteresis-type

current controller, (b) is that of a single-bridge current

controller, and (c) is that of the parallel current controller

with dual voltage sources. The average switching frequencies of the switching devices in the three waveforms are 1

kHz, 600 Hz, and 200 Hz, respectively. Comparing the

hysteresis-type current controller with the parallel current

controller, the average switching frequency of (c) is one

fifth of (a), whereas the magnitude of current ripple of (c)

is smaller than that of (a). Comparing the single-bridge

current controller with the parallel current controller, the

average switching frequency of (c) is one third of (b),

giving the same width of the current ripples.

Fig. 14 shows a waveform of the line-to-line output

voltage in case of the here-proposed parallel current

controller. It is shown that the parallel current-controlled

PWM inverter outputs half of the dc link voltage. From

this waveform, it is easily understood that the switching

frequency or the harmonic current content is reduced

considerably.

B. Transient States

Fig. 15 shows some transient characteristics of the

hysteresis-type current controller, the single-bridge current controller, and the parallel current controller with

both dual and single voltage sources. The average switching frequencies are 1.9 kHz, 1.5 kHz, 420 Hz, and 840 Hz,

respectively. The same quick current responses are obtained. The average values of the cross current and zero

sequence current are regulated to zero.

VIII. CONCLUSION

The authors have proposed a novel current control

scheme for a parallel current-controlled PWM inverter.

The proposed current control scheme was applied to a

1.5-kW PM motor servo system. It was verified experimentally that the switching frequency of the switching devices

and the harmonic current content were reduced considerably in steady states, and the same quick response as the

hysteresis-type current controller was obtained in transient states. The average switching frequency using dual

voltage sources was one half of that when using a single

voltage source. Therefore, dual voltage sources should be

used to attain high performance.

The features of the proposed control scheme are summarized as follows: 1) The switching frequency and harmonic current content are reduced considerably. 2) Highspeed current response is attained in transient states. 3)

The average values of the cross current and zero sequence

current are regulated to zero. 4) The control scheme is

independent ofthe load constants. 5) The use of comparators and ROMs makes the control circuit simple.

This current control scheme is suitable for large-capacity GTO inverters because high performance is attained

(4

(C)

single-bridge current controller; (c) parallel current controller (dual

voltage sources); (d) parallel current controller (single voltage source).

hundred Hertz, as shown in the experimental results.

REFERENCES

[l] K. R. Jardan, S. B. Dewan, and G. R. Slemon, General analysis of

three-phase inverters, IEEE Trans. ZGA, vol. IGA-5, no. 6, pp.

672-678, 1969.

IEEE TRANSACTIONSON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 28, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1992

1030

[2] V. K. Heintze, H. Tappeiner, and M. Weibelzahl, Pulswechselrichter zur Drehzahlsteuerung von Asynchronmachinen, Siemens

Rev., vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 154, 1971.

[3] A. Schonung and D. Stemmler, Static frequency changers with

subharmonic control in conjunction with reversible variable speed

ac drives, Brown Boven Rev., pp. 557-577, Aug./Sept. 1974.

[4] A. Abbondanti, J. Zubek, and C. J. Nordy, Pulse width modulated

inverter motor drives with improved modulation, IEEE Trans.

Industry Applications, vol. IA-11, no. 6, pp. 695-703, 1975.

[5] G. S. Buja and G. B. Indri, Optimal modulation for feeding ac

motors, IEEE Trans. Industry Applications, vol. IA-13, pp. 38-44,

1977.

[6] P. G. Palaniappan and J. Vithayathil, A control strategy for

reference wave adaptive current generation, IEEE Trans. Industry

Applications, Elec. Contr. Instrum., vol. IECI-27, no. 2, 1980.

[71 P. D. Ziogas, The delta modulation technique in static PWM

inverters,- IEEE Trans. Industry Applications,. vol. IA-17, no. 2,

1981.

A. B. Plunkett, A current controlled PWM transistor drive, in

IEEE U S Conf. Rec., 1979, pp. 785-792.

J. Holtz and S. Stadtfeld, A predictive controller for the stator

current vector of ac machines fed from switched voltage source,

in JIEE IPEC-Tokyo Conf. Rec., 1983, pp. 1665-1675.

A. Kawamura and R. G. Hoft, Instantaneous feedback controlled

PWM inverters with adaptive hysteresis, IEEE Trans. Industry

Applications, vol. IA-20, no. 4, pp. 769-775, 1984.

A. Nabae, S. Ogasawara, and H. Akagi, A novel control scheme

for current-controlled PWM inverters, IEEE Trans. Industry

AD~.

plications, vol. U-22, no. 4, 1986.

[12] G. Pfaff, A. Weschta, and A. Wick, Design and experimental

results of a brushless ac servo-drive. in IEEE-US Conf. Rec..

1982, pp. 692-697.

[131 D. M. Brod and D. W. Novotny, Current control of VSI-PWM

inverters, in IEEE-US Conf. Rec., 1984, pp. 418-425.

t141 H. Kohlmeier, 0. Niermeyer, and D. Schroder, High dynamic

four-quadrant ac-motor drive with improved power-factor and

on-line optimized pattem with PROMs, in IEEE/US Ann. Mtg.

Conf. Rec., 1985, pp. 1081-1086.

T. M. Rowan and R. J. Kerkman, A new synchronous current

regulator and an analysis of current regulated PWM inverters, in

IEEE/US Ann. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1985, pp. 487-495.

R. Lessmeier, W. Schumacher, and W. Leonhard, Microprocessor-Controlled ac-servo drives with synchronous or induction motors, in ZEEE/US Ann. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1985, pp.

529-535.

M. Koyama, M. Yano, I. Kamiyama, and S. Yano, Microprocessor-based vector control system for induction motor drive

with rotor time constant identification function, in IEEE/US

Ann. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1985, pp. 564-569.

K. Saito, K. Kamiyama, T. Sukegawa, T. Matsui, and T. Okuyama,

A multi-processor based, fully digital, ac drive system for rolling

mills, in IEEE/US Ann. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1986, pp. 36-41.

T. M. Rowan, R. J. Kerkman, and T. A. Lipo, Operation of

naturally sampled current regulators in the transition mode, in

IEEE/USAnn. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1986, pp. 91-98.

R. D. Lorenz and D. B. Lawson, Performance of feed forward

current regulators for field oriented induction machine controllers,

in IEEE/US Ann. Mtg. Conf. Rec., 1986, pp. 99-105.

C. D. Schauder and R. Caddy, Current control of voltage-source

inverters for fast four-quadrant drive performance, IEEE Trans.

Industry Applications, vol. IA-18, no. 2, 1982.

P. Enjeti, P. D. Ziogas, J. F. Lindsay, and M. H. Rashid, A novel

current controlled PWM inverter for variable speed ac drives, in

IEEE/US Ann. Mtg. Conf, Rec., 1986, pp. 235-243.

P. D. Ziogas, E. P. Wiechmann, and V. R. Stefanovic, A computer aided analysis and design approach for static voltage source

inverters, in IEEE-US Conf. Rec., 1984, pp. 900-907.

K. Matsui, A pulsewidth modulated inverter with parallel-connected transistors by using current sharing reactors, in IEEE/US

Ann. Mtg. Con$ Rec., 1985, pp. 1015-1019.

M. Honbu, Y. Matsuda, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Jifuku, Parallel

operation technique of GTO inverter sets for large ac motor

drives, IEEE Trans. Industry Applications, vol. IA-19, no. 2, pp.

198-205, 1983.

-1

Prefecture, Japan, on July 27, 1958. He received

the B.S., M.S., and Dr.Eng. degrees in electrical

engineering from the Nagaoka University of

Technology, Niigata, Japan, in 1981, 1983 and

1990, respectively.

Since 1983, he has been a Research Associate

at the Nagaoka University of Technology. He is

engaged in research on ac motor drives.

Dr. Ogasawara is a member of the Institute of

Electrical Engineers of Japan.

Japan, on December 1, 1962. He received the

B.S. and M.S. degrees in electrical engheering

from the Nagaoka University of Technology,

Niigata, Japan, in 1984 and 1986, respectively.

Since 1986, he has been with Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.

Mr. Takagaki is a member of the Institute of

Electrical Engineers of Japan.

Prefecture, Japan, on August 19, 1951. He received the B.S. degree from the Nagoya Institute

of Technology, Nagoya, Japan, in 1974 and the

M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, in 1976 and

1979, respectively, all in electrical engineering.

From 1979 to 1991, he was Assistant and then

Associate Professor in the electrical engineering

department at Nagaoka University of Technolow. In 1987. he was a visiting scientist at the

Massachusetts Institute 2 Technolo& for ten month;. Since 1991, he

has been Professor in the electrical and electronic engineering department at Okayama University. He is engaged in research on ac motor

drives, active power filters, and high-frequency inverters.

Dr. Akagi is a member of the Institute of Electrical Engineering of

Japan. He was a recipient of the IEEE/IAS Committee Prize Paper

Awards in 1980, 1983, and 1990, and the IEEE/IAS Best Prize Transactions Paper Award in 1991.

in 1924. He received the B.E. degree from the

University of Tokyo and the Dr. of Eng. degree

from Waseda University.

He joined Toshiba Corporation in 1951. From

1951 to 1970, he was engaged in the research

and development of converter and inverter technology at Tsurumi Works Engineering Department. From 1970 to 1978, he was involved in the

research and development of power electronics,

especially ac drive systems, at the Heavy Apparatus Engineering Laboratory. From 1978 to 1990, he was a Professor at

the Nagaoka University of Technology. Since 1990, he has been a

Professor Emerius of the university and a Professor at the Tokyo

Institute of Polytechnics.

Dr. Nabae received IEEE/IAS Static Power Converter Committee

Prize Paper Awards in 1980 and 1983, the IEE of Japan Transaction

Paper Award, and the Fukuda Award in 1985.

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.